You are on page 1of 9

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

Factors Influencing Career Choice among IIUM Islamic Finance Students


Umi Kalsom Binti Mohd Abd Kadzar
1129732
Intan Shafinaz Azira Binti Azizey
1122998
Mohamad Izzuddin Bin Mohamad Noh
1126685
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
International Islamic University Malaysia

English for Academic Writing


LE 4000 Section 34
Tutor : Ahmad Ashaari Bin Alias

31st October 2014


Abstract
POS
Method
Result
(200-250 words)

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

Factors Influencing Career Choice among IIUM Islamic Finance Students

Introduction
Career choice is important for everyone. However, choosing a career is
not an easy task as it is influencing one's future. It can be seen that many
young people especially undergraduate students are still blur on their future
career. This might be due to ignorance of the career in the market and
inadequate career guidance. Furthermore, there are many youths made
wrong career choices and some careers are totally different from what they
learn during their studies. This may be due to inexperience, ignorance, peer
pressure, advice from friends, parents and teachers, or as a result of prestige
attached to certain jobs without adequate vocational guidance and career
counseling (Salami, 1999). Besides that, since Islamic Finance is a new sector
especially in Malaysia, most students are still do not fully know about the
career they can choose when they graduated.
Agarwala (2008) stated that father as a part of family has a significant
influence of job decision of a student. Family is one of the variables that
influence occupational goal of a student (Crockett and Binghham, 2000 and
Wilson and Wilson, 1992, as cited in Shumba & Naong, 2012). According to
Schulenberg et al., 1984 (as cited in Shumba & Naong, 2012),
"Family size also appears to influence adolescent career aspirations
because parents with large families tend to have less money to aid the
older children in attending college, while younger children may receive

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

more financial assistance since the financial strain is less once the older
children leavehome" (p.170).
As mentioned by Blau, 1992 and Conroy, 1997 (as cited in Shumba &
Naong, 2012),"the fathers occupational status is highly correlated with his
sons occupation"(p. 170). Shumba and Naong (2012), Nithyanand (2013)
and Rajneesh, Priyadarshini, Ponnam and Ganguli (2013) stated in their
study that the most influential factor of determining the career choice is
family influence. Generally, most of individual in choosing their future
career, tend to influenced by family members as they are the closest
person that we often get contacted to. Hence, they play a big role in an
individual life including deciding on future matters.

According to Watson et al. (2010) in their study, it was found that the
majority of aspirations were for social type occupations followed by
investigative

type occupations,

with

boys

aspiring

more

to

investigative and girls more to social type occupations. Swanson and Gore
(2000) also mentioned that career choices are often constrained by sociocultural factors, individual factors, personal and cultural values, significant
relationships, and structural factors such as barriers faced by women in
certain careers such as management. Similarly, Bai (1998) found that the
market economy changed the values of university students who put selfinterest before societal interests, and rated money and power as the
primary motivators in finding a job. It can be summarized that individual

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

factor such as the ability of the learner self to identify his/her preferred
career choice is one of the main factors that influencing career choice
among students. Besides that, boys and girls also tend to have different
interest on career choice depending on their gender which is boys aspiring
more to investigative type occupations and girls more to social type
occupations (Watson et. al, 2010). As quoted by Perry (2006, p. 170),
"adolescent

career

choice

is influenced

by

life

context,

personal

attitudes, and educational attainment. Saemann and Crooker (2000, p.


50) also said that, "students choice of career is governed by their
personality and lifestyles. Overall, as posited by the theory of planned
behavior (Ajzen, 1991), favorable attitudes toward certain jobs guide their
career choices which created by subjective norms and socially.
Moreover, Mudhovozi and Chireshe (2012) stated that participants
were mainly influenced by parents, teachers and friends to choose
psychology as a career. Barnett (2007) also mentioned that teachers like
parents are viewed as key players in the career paths that young people
eventually pursue especially girls. Stuarts study (2000), "Adolescents are
easily influenced by their peers because they rely on their friends to
provide validation of the choices that they make including career
decisions (p. 171). According to Dick and Rallis (1991), parents and
teachers have a significant impact on the career-related decisions of
students. According to Van Hoye and Lievens (2007, p. 140), "Informal
word-of-mouth from credible and strong ties such as friends and family also

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

influence perceptions of organizational attractiveness and job choice


decisions.
However, far little attention has been paid to Islamic Finance students
regarding the factors influence their career choice. The study aims to answer the
following questions:
1) How many times have you done research on career path?
2) What are the factors that influence your career choice?
3) Which career line/sector did you choose?
4) What are the differences in career line between Islamic Finance male
students and female students?
5) Is there a correlation between family job with Islamic Finance student's
career choice?

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

Methodology
Participants
Materials
Procedures

Results

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

Discussion
(Discussion + Conclusion + Implication)

References
Maimun Aqsha Lubis, Melor Md Yunus, Mohammed Diao, Tajul Arifin Muhamad, Ramlee

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

Mustapha & Noriah Mohd Ishak (2011). The perception and method in teaching and
learning Islamic education. International Journal of Education and Information
Technologies, 5 (1), 69-78.

Tables

Figures

Running head: FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE

Appendix