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Textbook and

Educational Aids

CENTUM VP Operations
Training Manual
TE Y109JA01E-VPOP

TE Y109JA01E-VPOP
1st Edition

Introduction
The objective of the Training manual is to acquaint the user with the system layout,
operations screens and the terminologies used in the CENTUM VP system.
This training module is designed to add more value to the traditional training. The
participant can acquire basic knowledge on the operations of CENTUM VP system.
The Training manual consists of multiple chapters
Each chapter consists of multiple topics.

Media No. TEY109JA01E-VPOP


Edition: JAN 2009
All Rights Reserved Copyright 2000, Yokogawa India Ltd.

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Safety Precautions
Safety, Protection, and Modification of the Product
-

In order to protect the system controlled by the product and the product itself
and ensure safe operation, observe the safety precautions described in this
instruction manual. We assume no liability for safety if users fail to observe
these instructions when operating the product.

If any protection or safety circuit is required for the system controlled by the
product or for the product itself, prepare it separately.

Be sure to use the spare parts approved by Yokogawa Electric Corporation


(hereafter simply referred to as YOKOGAWA) when replacing parts or
consumables.

Modification of the product is strictly prohibited.

The following symbols are used in the product and instruction manual to indicate
that there are precautions for safety:

Indicates that caution is required for operation. This symbol is placed on the
product to refer the user to the instruction manual in order to protect the
operator and the equipment. In the instruction manuals you will find precautions
to avoid physical injury or death of the operator, including electrical shocks.

Identifies a protective grounding terminal. Before using the product, ground the
terminal.
Identifies a functional grounding terminal. Before using the product, ground the
terminal.

Indicates an AC supply.

Indicates a DC supply.
Indicates that the main switch is ON.
Indicates that the main switch is OFF.

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Notes on Handling Manuals
-

Please read the information thoroughly before using the product.

The purpose of these manuals is not to warrant that the product is well suited to
any particular purpose but rather to describe the functional details of the
product.

No part of the manuals may be transferred or reproduced without prior written


consent from YOKOGAWA.

YOKOGAWA reserves the right to make improvements in the manuals and


product at any time, without notice or obligation.

If you have any questions, or you find mistakes or omissions in the manuals,
please contact our sales representative or your local distributor.

Warning and Disclaimer


The product is provided on an "as is" basis. YOKOGAWA shall have neither liability
nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any direct or indirect loss or
damage arising from using the product or any defect of the product that YOKOGAWA
cannot predict in advance.

Notes on Software
-

YOKOGAWA makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect


to the software's merchantability or suitability for any particular purpose,
except as specified in the terms of warranty.

This product may be used on a one machine only. If you need to use the
product on another machine, you must purchase another product.

It is strictly prohibited to reproduce the product except for the purpose of


backup.

Store the CD-ROM (the original medium) in a safe place.

It is strictly prohibited to perform any reverse-engineering operation, such as


reverse compilation or reverse assembling on the product.

No part of the product may be transferred, converted or sublet for use by


any third party, without prior written consent from YOKOGAWA.

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Documentation Conventions
Typographical Conventions
The following typographical conventions are used throughout the manuals:

Commonly used conventions throughout manuals:


Character string enclosed by a set of single angle-brackets:
Indicates a portion provided with a link. Clicking the string in angle-brackets
calls up related topics.
Example:
<Toc> <Ind>
Character string to be entered:
The characters that must be entered are shown in monospace font as follows:
Example:
FI.PV=50.0
Mark
This symbol indicates the description for an item for which you should make a
setting in the products engineering window.
While operating an engineering window, the help information for the selected
item can be accessed from Builder Definition Items in the Help menu.
Listing more than one definition item after this symbol implies that the paragraph
on the page describes more than one definition item.
Example:
Tag name, Tag importance, Window name
Mark
Indicates a space between character strings that must be entered.
Example:
.AL PIC010 -SC
Character string enclosed by brackets ({ }):
Indicates an option that can be omitted.
Example:
.PR TAG{ .sheet name}

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z Conventions used to show key or button operations:
Characters enclosed by brackets ([ ]):
Characters enclosed by brackets within any description on a key or button
operation, indicate either a key on the HIS (Human Interface Station) keyboard, a
key on the operation keyboard, a button name on a window, or an item displayed
on a window.
Example:
To alter the function, press the [ESC] key.

Conventions used in command syntax or program statements:


The following conventions are used within a command syntax or program
statement format:
Characters enclosed by angle-brackets:
Indicate character strings that user can specify freely according to certain
guidelines.
Example:
#define <Identifier><Character string>
... Mark
Indicates that the previous command or argument may be repeated.
Example:
Imax (arg1, arg2, ...)
Characters enclosed by brackets ([ ]):
Indicate those character strings that can be omitted.
Example:
sysalarm format_string [output_value ...]
Characters enclosed by separators ( ):
Indicate those character strings that can be selected from more than one option.
Example:

opeguide <format_character_string> [, <output_value> ...]


OG,<element number>

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Symbol Marks
Throughout this manual, you will find several different types of symbols are used
to identify different sections of text. This section describes these icons.

CAUTION
Identifies instructions that must be observed in order to avoid physical injury
and electric shock or death of the operator.
WARNING
Identifies instructions that must be observed in order to prevent the software
or hardware from being damaged or the system from becoming faulty.
CAUTION
Identifies additional information required to understand operations or
functions.
TIP
Identifies additional information.
SEE ALSO
Identifies a source to be referred to.
Clicking a reference displayed in green can call up its source, while clicking a
reference displayed in black cannot.

Drawing Conventions
Some drawings may be partially emphasized, simplified, or omitted, for the
convenience of description.
Some screen images depicted in the manual may have different display positions
or character types (e.g., the upper / lower case). Also note that some of the
images contained in this manual are display examples.

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Copyright and Trademark Notices


All Rights Reserved
The copyrights of the programs and online manual contained in the CD-ROM are
reserved.
The online manual is protected by the PDF security from modification, however, it
can be output via a printer. Printing out the online manual is only allowed for the
purpose of using the product. When using the printed information of the online
manual, check if the version is the most recent one by referring to the CD-ROM's
version.
No part of the online manual may be transferred, sold, distributed (including
delivery via a commercial PC network or the like), or registered or recorded on
videotapes.

Trademark Acknowledgments
-

CENTUM is a registered trademark of YOKOGAWA.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Excel, Visual Basic, and Internet Explorer
are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Adobe and Acrobat are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated and


registered within particular jurisdictions.

Ethernet is a registered trademark of XEROX Corporation.

Java is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems,Inc.

Netscape Communicator is
Communications Corporation.

NetDDE is a registered trademark of Wonderware Corporation.

MELSEC-A is a registered trademark of Mitsubishi Electric Corporation.

Modicon and Modbus are registered trademarks of AEG Schneider


Automation.

Memocon-SC is a registered trademark of Yaskawa Electric Corporation.

PLC is a registered trademark of Allen-Bradley Company Inc.

SYSMAC is a registered trademark of OMRON Corporation.

SIEMENS and SIMATIC are registered trademarks of Siemens Industrial


Automation Ltd.

"FOUNDATION" in "FOUNDATION Fieldbus" is a trademark of Fieldbus


Foundation.

All other company and product names mentioned in this manual are
trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.

We do not use TM or (R) mark to indicate those trademarks or registered


trademarks in this manual.

registered

trademark

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Netscape

1st Edition: Jan 2009

CENTUM VP Operations
Training Manual
TE Y109JA01E-VPOP 1st Edition
TOC

Table of contents
Chapter

Topic

Page Number

01.

Introduction to Distributed Control System

02.

Introduction to CENTUM VP

11

03.

HIS Desktop Layout

22

04.

Operation and Monitoring Windows

32

05.

Instrument Faceplate

36

06.

Function Block Modes and Alarm Status

47

07.

Tuning View

53

08.

Digital Instruments

63

09.

Graphic View (Control Attribute)

72

10.

Trend View

79

11.

Graphic View

93

12.

Alarm Processing

102

13.

Windows for Operation and Monitoring

113

14.

Message Processing

122

15.

Consolidated Alarm Management Software (CAMS)

126

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1. INTRODUCTION TO DISTRIBUTED
CONTROL SYSTEM

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Table of contents

Page Number

1.1 Basic Control Loop

1.2 Process Control Methodology

1.3 Process Control Systems

1.3.1 Analog Control System

1.3.2 Digital Control System

1.4 Digital Control Systems

1.4.1 Centralized Control System

1.4.2 Drawbacks of Centralized Control System

1.4.3 Distributed Control System

1.4.4 Advantages of Distributed Control System

1.5 Distributed Control System


1.5.1 Yokogawas Contribution

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1.1 Basic Control Loop


In any process plant, the parameters generally measured are Level, Flow, Temperature, Pressure
etc The transmitter converts the process input into a 4-20mA current signal. This signal is given as
input or process variable (PV) to the controller. The desired value is given as the set point or set
variable (SV) to the controller. The function of a controller is to match the PV with the SV and make the
deviation zero. In order to achieve this, the controller checks the deviation continuously (DV=PV-SV)
and tries to make the deviation zero. The controller generates the output or the manipulated variable
(MV) based on the deviation. The generated MV is also in terms of 4-20mA current signal.

However the final control element in most of the cases is pneumatically operated control valves.
Hence an I/P converter (Current to Pneumatic signal converter) is used to convert the 4-20mA current
signal to 3-15psi or 0.2 to 1 kg pressure signal which is used to operate the control valve.

1.2 Process Control Methodology


For the controller to match the process value with the set value and calculate the manipulated value,
various control methodologies are used. The commonly used control methodologies are:
Feedback Control: It is a control in which the controller continuously checks the deviation between
the input and the set point and always corrects the input to match the set point.
Feed forward Control: It is a control in which corrective action is taken by measuring the disturbance
and directly driving the final control element before it affects the process.
Sequential Control: It is a control which successively advances each control step in accordance with
a predefined sequence.

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1.3 Process Control Systems


A process control system comprises of multiple simple and complex control loops.
Process control systems are primarily classified into:
Analog Control Systems
Digital Control Systems

1.3.1 Analog Control System


Analog control system uses operational amplifiers to do the control function.
Operational Amplifier

Transmitter
1 to 5V DC
Signal
Conversion

4-20 mA DC

I/P
Set Point

Final Control Element

In an analog control system, the process parameters are measured by the transmitter. The
transmitter generates 4 to 20 mA current signal corresponding to 0 to 100% of the process parameter
measured. This signal is converted to 1 to 5V DC and given as input signal to the operational amplifier.
The desired set point is also given to the operational amplifier. The operational amplifier calculates
the output based on the input and the set point. The 4 20 mA current output is given to an I/P
converter and then to the final control element.

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1.3.2 Digital Control System
Digital control system uses microprocessors to do the control function.

Memory
Unit
Signal
Conversion
&A / D
Input
Unit

Digital

4-20 mA DC
I/P

Control
Unit

D/A

Output
Unit

Set
Point

Arithmetic
Unit

Processor
In a digital control system, the process parameters are measured by the transmitter. The transmitter
generates 4 to 20 mA current signal corresponding to 0 to 100% of the process parameter measured.
This signal is converted by signal converter into a voltage signal. Analog to Digital Converters are
used to convert this analog signal to digital signal. This digital signal is given to the microprocessor
for processing. Digital Control system uses microprocessors to do the control function.
Digital control systems are preferred over analog control systems since it is easy to interface with
computers for data analysis.

1.4 Digital Control Systems


Digital Control Systems are further classified into:
Centralized Control Systems (CCS)
Distributed Control Systems (DCS)

1.4.1 Centralized Control System


CCS is a centralized control, centralized monitoring system. All the inputs from the field are given to a
single CPU. The relevant set points are also given to the same CPU. The outputs are also taken from
the same CPU.

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Centralized Control, Centralized Monitoring

PV1

MV1

PV2

MV2

PVn

MVn

Output Signals to
Field

Input Signals
from Field
SV1 SV2

SVn

Set Points
In a Centralized Control System, all the field inputs PV1 to PVn are fed to a single CPU, the relevant set
points SV1 to SVn are also given to the same CPU and all the outputs MV1 to MVn are also taken from
the same CPU. Hence if the CPU fails, the whole plant gets affected.

1.4.2 Drawbacks of Centralized Control System

If the CPU fails the entire plant gets affected.


Redundancy concept is not available.

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1.4.3 Distributed Control System
DCS is distributed control and centralized monitoring system. In a Distributed Control System, the
control function is distributed, but the monitoring is still centralized. All the n field inputs are not fed to
a single CPU. Instead they are distributed among multiple CPUs. In DCS terminology, CPUs are
referred as Field Control Stations (FCS).

PV1

MV1

FCS
Input
Signals from
Field

MV8 Output
Signals to
SV8
Field
MV9

PV8
SV
PV9

OPS

FCS
PV16

MV16

OPS

SV16

SV9
PV17

MV17

FCS
PVn

Communication
Bus

MVn

SVn
SV17
Set Points
Let us consider that there are n parameters from the field to be monitored and controlled in a plant.
The signal distribution is done as shown in the figure.

1.4.4 Advantages of Distributed Control System

Control function is distributed among multiple CPUs (Field Control Stations). Hence failure of
one FCS does not affect the entire plant.

Redundancy is available at various levels.

Instruments and interlocks are created by software.

Generation and modifications of the interlocks are very flexible and simple.

Information regarding the process is presented to the user in various formats.

Field wiring is considerably less.

Maintenance and trouble shooting becomes very easy.

Cost effective in the long run.

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1.5 Distributed Control System


In a Distributed Control System, the control function is distributed, but the monitoring is still
centralized. The basic components of a DCS are:
Field Control Station.
Operator Station.
Communication Bus.

FCS (Field Control Station):


The Field Control Station is used to control the process. All the instruments and interlocks created by
software reside in the memory of the FCS. All the field instruments like transmitters and control valves
are wired to the FCS.
OPS (Operator Station):
The operator station is used to monitor the process and to operate various instruments.
Communication Bus:
Communication bus is used to communicate between the Field Control Station and the Operator
Station.

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1.5.1 Yokogawas Contribution
Yokogawa were the pioneers in introducing the first Distributed Control System to the world. Centum
was the first Distributed Control System introduced by Yokogawa in the year 1975. Yokogawa
continued its research in the DCS field and introduced many systems in line with the technological
development.

The latest DCS from the Yokogawa fold is the CENTUM VP system.

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2. INTRODUCTION TO CENTUM VP

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Table of contents
2.1 CENTUM VP

Page Number
13

2.1.1 CENTUM VP System Components

14

2.1.2 CENTUM VP System Capacity

15

2.2 Operator Keyboard

16

2.2.1 Parts of Operator Keyboard

16

2.2.2 Window Call Keys

17

2.2.3 Operation Control Keys

20

2.2.4 Other Useful Keys

20

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2.1 CENTUM VP

CENTUM VP is the worlds first Windows Vista ready DCS.


The primary factors considered during the development of CENTUM VP are:
To realize ideal plant operation for customers.
To develop new Operation & Monitoring Environment for operations which provide more
meaningful information.
To incorporate a modern, simple, intuitive look and feel.
The basic frame of the new CENTUM VP HMI is designed to facilitate simple and easy access to the
right information.
The system message banner at the top displays key information such as alarms and guidance that
everyone must be aware of.
The navigation bar to the left allows users to get to the right information quickly and efficiently.

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The intuitive consolidated alarm management system is now the standard alarm viewer in the new HMI,
ensuring role-based delivery of actionable, prioritized information and advisories.

2.1.1 CENTUM VP System Components


CENTUM VP DCS has the following minimum system components.
The Field Control Station (FCS)
This is the interface between the field instruments and the control room. This is the component where
all the control functions are executed and hence is a very important and critical component in the
overall system.
The Engineering / Operator Station (ENG / HIS)
The operator controls the plant from here. The same component can be used to do the configuration
changes. The operator station or the Man Machine Interface (MMI) is called the Human Interface
Station (HIS) in CENTUM VP system. The component used for configuration is called the Engineering
station (ENG). Both these components can reside in one hardware.

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The Communication Network


The FCS and HIS are connected via a real time control network. This communicates all the parameters
to and from the Field Control Station to the Human Interface Station. The communication cable for the
control network can be an Ethernet cable or V net / VL net cable.
The type of communication cable used is decided by the FCS used in the CENTUM VP system. If the
communication network is Ethernet based, the system is called a V net / IP system and if it is V net or
VL net based it is called as a V net system.

2.1.2 CENTUM VP System Capacity


Maximum number of stations per domain

64 stations

Maximum number of HIS per domain

16 stations

Station number for HIS

1 to 64 in descending order

Station number for FCS

1 to 64 in ascending order

Maximum number of domains

16 per system

Numbering of domains

1 to 64

Maximum number of stations per system

256 per system

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2.2 Operator Keyboard


Operator Keyboard is used along with the HIS for convenient operation.

2.2.1 Parts of Operator Keyboard

Function Keys

Function Keys
Function keys are used for one-touch operations only. These keys can be used to call windows and
start application programs. An LED lamp and a space for writing the assigned service function name
are provided on each key. A total of 32 keys are provided.
Window Call Keys
These keys are used for calling various windows.
Operation Confirmation Keys
These keys are used for verifying operations.
[Verify Operation] key: Used for confirming and executing an operation.
[Cancel Operation] key: Used for canceling an operation.
Cursor Move Keys
These keys are used for moving the cursor horizontally and vertically.

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Mode Select Key Switch


This key switch is located at the top left of the keyboard and used for specifying the operation range of
the keyboard.

MODE-OFF
Only the operation and monitoring functions specified in the system generation are allowed.
MODE-ON
In addition to the functions above, modifying the control parameters and other operations are allowed.
MODE-ENG
All functions including operations for the system maintenance functions are allowed.

2.2.2 Window Call Keys


These keys are used for calling various windows.

Function of each window calling key is as described below.


This displays the System Status Overview, to allow confirmation of the system operation
status. It indicates the system alarm message generation state by its LED status.

This Prints the image of the entire screen.

This toggles between the top and bottom positions of the operation and monitoring
window group and windows general application window group.
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This closes all of the operation and monitoring windows and views except for the System
Message Banner.

This Displays the User-In dialog, window switching menu, operation menu and reset
menu all at once.
AUX menu can be called up by pressing down the following keys:
[ALT] [CTRL] [F12].

This displays the Help dialog box displaying help related to the active window.

This displays the Process Alarm view to allow confirmation of the alarm content. It
indicates the process alarm occurrence state by its LED lamp indication.

This displays the Operator Guide view or Operator Guide Acknowledgement window.
Indicates the operator guide message generation state by its LED lamp.

This displays the Graphic View with control attribute.

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This displays the Tuning View.

This displays the Trend View.

This displays the Graphic View with graphic attribute.

This displays the Process Report View.

Displays the Navigator window.

Displays the hierarchy windows of the active window in ascending order of the sequence
defined in the window hierarchy.

Displays the upper windows in the hierarchy of the active window.

Displays the hierarchy windows of the active window in a descending order based on the
window hierarchy definition.

Displays the Graphic view with overview attribute.

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2.2.3 Operation Control Keys
These keys are used to operate the instrument faceplate.

Switches the action target data in the manual mode (MAN) from the manipulated
output value to the set point value.

Increases the target data. While the INC key is being operated, the data
increases by 1 % of the full scale every 0.2 second. The full stroke of the index
can be changed after every 20 seconds.

Decreases the target data. While the DEC key is being operated, the data
decreases by 1 % of the full scale every 0.2 second. The full stroke of the index
can be changed after 20 seconds.

Pressing this key with the INC key or DEC key quadruples the analog data
increase/decrease speed during INC/DEC operation.

Changes the block mode to the cascade mode (CAS) or semiautomatic mode
(SEMI). Pressing the AUT key with this key held down changes to the cascade
mode. Pressing the MAN key with this key held down changes to the
semiautomatic mode.
Changes the block mode to manual mode (MAN).

Changes the block mode to automatic mode (AUT).

2.2.4 Other Useful Keys

Confirms and executes the operation.

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Cancels the operation.

Used to move the cursor up and down or to right and left.

Used to display the selected item.

Used to stop the buzzer sound generated by alarm output.

Used to acknowledge the alarm.

Used to scroll the content of the active window.

Reverse paging key.


Sequential paging key

Used to change the data item of action target.

Calls up the name input dialog box.

Used to erase dialog boxes. Triggers the same action as when the ESC key is
pressed.

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3. HIS DESKTOP LAYOUT

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Table of contents

Page Number

3.1 HIS Desktop Layout

24

3.2 System Message Banner

24

3.2.1 Components of System Message Banner

3.3 Browser Bar


3.3.1 Access Area

3.4 HIS Desktop Area

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26
27

30

24

3.1 HIS Desktop Layout


The display layout of CENTUM VP HIS consists of the System Message Banner, Browser Bar, and HIS
Desktop Area.

System Message Banner


The System Message Banner is always displayed at the top of the screen, and shows the operator
whether any alarms have occurred in the plant. No window can overlap the System Message Banner.
Browser Bar
The Browser Bar is displayed in the left or right side of the screen, and has the role as the launcher to
call up various operation and monitoring windows. It also helps the user to have a general view of the
system. Browser Bar can be minimized on the edge of the screen, and be opened for use when it is
needed.
HIS Desktop Area
Views and windows for operation and monitoring of the plant are shown in this area.

3.2 System Message Banner


The System Message Banner is always displayed at the top of the display, and presents alarm
information and provides instant access to frequently used views and priority features. The alarm
occurrence status is shown by colors and flashing of operation buttons, and the message display.
Among the most recent process alarms and system alarms, three unacknowledged alarm messages
are displayed.

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System Message Banner will never be hidden behind other windows.

3.2.1 Components of System Message Banner


The System Message Banner consists of operation buttons, a message display area, a system status
icon display area, a date and time display area and a user information display area.

Process Alarm icon


Indicates that the process alarm has occurred. The number of unacknowledged process alarm
messages is displayed in the lower part of the icon when there are unacknowledged process alarms.
Clicking this button will call up the process alarm view.

System Alarm icon


Indicates that the system alarm has occurred. The number of unacknowledged system alarm
messages is displayed in the lower part of the icon when there are unacknowledged system alarms.
Clicking this button will call up the system alarm view.

Operator Guide Message icon


Indicates that the operator guide message has occurred. The number of unacknowledged operator
guide messages is displayed in the lower part of the icon when there are unacknowledged operator
guide messages. Clicking this button will call up the operator guide view.

Message Monitor icon


Indicates that the message registered by the user has occurred among various messages of the
sequence message and the operation message, etc. This button lights up in green when there are
unacknowledged messages. Clicking this button will call up the message monitor window.
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Reset Buzzer icon


Turns the buzzer off. This button has the same function as the buzzer stop key on the operation
keyboard.
Copy icon
Outputs the entire screen image to the printer or file. This button has the same function as the [COPY]
key on the operation keyboard.
Message Display Area

Among the process alarm messages, annunciator messages and system alarm messages that have
been generated, three most recent unacknowledged messages are displayed in the Message Display
Area of the System Message Banner.

3.3 Browser Bar


The Browser Bar is displayed in the left or right side of the screen, and has the role as the launcher to
call up various operation and monitoring windows. It also helps the user to have a general view of the
system by showing the tree structures of the operation and monitoring windows and the plant
organization.

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Browser Bar can be minimized on the edge of the screen, and be opened for use when it is needed.
The Browser Bar consists of the access area, toolboxes and the button area.

3.3.1 Access Area


The access area is always displayed even if the Browser Bar is closed.
The labels of individual toolboxes are displayed in the access area. Clicking a label displays the
corresponding toolbox.
The access area consists of the Overview Tool Box, Preset Menu Tool Box, Tool Button Tool Box,
Name Input Tool Box and Window History Tool Box.

OVERVIEW TOOL BOX


The Overview Tool Box displays all the windows in tree structure. Double click on the window list to
open the window.
PRESET MENU TOOL BOX
In the Preset Menu toolbox, the user can freely register the functions assignable to the function keys.
The preset menu can be registered in the HIS Setup Window. When the preset menu is registered in
the HIS Setup window, the buttons are displayed in the preset menu toolbox. Clicking each button
executes the registered function.
TOOL BUTTON TOOL BOX
Buttons for calling up views and operating windows are displayed in the Tool Button toolbox. The
following two display formats can be switched by the format select buttons.
Icons: Displays tool buttons only.
List: Displays tool buttons and the description.

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ICONS

LIST

The following operations can be performed using the tool buttons.


Calling up windows
Window operation
Calling up builders
The tool buttons displayed in the Tool Button toolbox and their functions are explained below:
Closes all windows except the System Message Banner.

Calls up the hierarchy windows of the active window in ascending order of the
sequence defined in the window hierarchy.
Calls up the upper window of the active window.

Calls up the hierarchy windows of the active window in descending order of the
sequence defined in the window hierarchy.
Calls up the System Status Overview view.

Calls up the Help window for the active operation and monitoring window.

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Calls up the Process Alarm view.

Calls up the Operator Guide view.

Calls up the Graphic view with control attribute.

Calls up the Graphic view with graphic attribute.


Calls up the Graphic view with overview attribute.

Calls up the Tuning view.

Calls up the Trend view.

Calls up the Process Report view.

Calls up the Historical message report window.

Calls up the System View.

Calls up the Recipe view.


Calls up the Report Package.

Calls up the long-term data archive dialog box.

Calls up the active operation and monitoring window in large size.

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Calls up the active operation and monitoring window in medium


size.
Toggles between the front and back positions of the operation and monitoring
windows and the Windows general application windows.

Calls up the image window.

Switches the active window in sequence when multiple operation and


monitoring windows are displayed.
Calls up the builder related to the active operation and monitoring window.
Calls up the control drawing builder for the active operation and
monitoring window.

3.4 HIS Desktop Area


The HIS Desktop area displays various operation and monitoring windows. The desktop area consists
of the Container window, Frame and View.
Container window: The Container Window is the outermost structure of the HIS display and acts as a
"board" to mount display elements (view) for display.

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Frame: A Frame offers a framework to arrange several views for a certain function or purpose to allow
effective operation. A frame is placed in a Container Window.
View: A view is a component displayed in a Container Window. Views are arranged in a frame for
display. In the full-screen mode, up to four views can be arranged in one frame.

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4. OPERATION AND MONITORING


WINDOWS

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Table of contents
4.1 Introduction to Operation and Monitoring Windows

Page Number
34

4.1.1 System Defined Windows

34

4.1.2 User Defined Windows

34

4.2 User Login

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34

4.1 Introduction to Operation and Monitoring


Windows

CENTUM VP provides for various operation and monitoring windows for convenience of operation and
monitoring.
Operation and Monitoring windows provided by CENTUM VP HMI include:
System defined windows
User defined windows

System defined windows are operation and monitoring windows built into the system.
User defined windows are operation and monitoring windows whose display content can be defined
as desired by the user at system generation.

4.1.1 System Defined Windows


System defined windows are built into the system. They are provided by default, irrespective of the
type of project. Few of the System defined windows are:
System Message Banner
Instrument Faceplate View
Tuning View
Process Alarm View
Message Monitor Window
Process Report View
System Maintenance Windows

4.1.2 User Defined Windows


User-defined windows can be defined in accordance with the target of operation and monitoring. They
can play a central role during the operation and monitoring performed by the operator.
Few of the User defined windows are:
Graphic View (Control Attribute)
Graphic View (Overview Attribute)
Graphic View (Graphic Attribute)
Custom Faceplate View
Trend View
Trend Point View

4.2 User Login


CENTUM VP provides for default users and user login to the system. The operators performing the
operations and monitoring functions are classified based on their authority. Each user is given a
privilege level and logs on to the HIS through a User Name and password. The HIS offers the following
default user names:
USER NAME
OFFUSER
ONUSER
ENGUSER

PRIVILEGE LEVEL
S1
S2
S3

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DESCRIPTION
User name for monitoring data
User name for operation and monitoring data
User name for maintenance

35

A user can log in to the CENTUM VP HIS from the User-In dialog box. From the User-In dialog box
registering or changing passwords, switching users (user-in), users log-out and shutting down
Windows can be done.

User information
The user name, user group, and the time when the user currently performing operation and
monitoring logged in are displayed.
Change Password
This is used when changing a password. Up to 32 single-byte alphanumeric characters may be
entered as a password.
User In
A user logs in with the user name entered in the User-In dialog box.
User Out
The user with the user name entered in the User-In dialog box logs out.
Shut Down
This is used to shut down Windows. This button is displayed only when the user has logged in with the
privilege level S3 (ENG User).

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5. INSTRUMENT FACEPLATE

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Table of contents

Page Number

5.1 Instrument Faceplate

38

5.2 Calling Instrument Faceplate

39

5.2.1 Calling Instrument Faceplate from NAME Icon

39

5.2.2 Calling Instrument Faceplate from Window History Tool Box

40

5.3 Components of Instrument Faceplate

40

5.3.1 Comment Display Area

41

5.3.2 Status Display Area

41

5.3.2.1 Tag Mark

41

5.3.3 Parameter Display Area

42

5.3.4 Instrument Display Area

43

5.3.5 Operation Mark

43

5.3.6 Data Entry Dialog Call Button

44

5.4 Operations on Instrument Faceplate

44

5.4.1 SV Operation

44

5.4.2 Block Mode Change Operation

45

5.4.3 Data Entry Operation

46

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5.1 Instrument Faceplate


The Instrument Faceplate indicates the status of a function block in the form of a window. The
instrument faceplate displays the status and data of a function block, an instrument or contact I/O
graphically and compactly on a window.
When an instrument is created in the engineering builder, the instrument faceplate window
automatically gets created depending on the type of the instrument. The Instrument Faceplate is used
not only for monitoring but also for changing or setting of parameters and changing modes by
operating the instrument faceplate.
The figure below shows examples of various Instrument Faceplates.

The faceplates of the function blocks are classified into various display types. The display types are
grouped according to their display characteristics. The display types are:
Analog type
Such as PID controller block family.

Discrete type
Such as Three-Position Motor Control Block (MC-3), Switch Instrument Block with 1 Output
(SO-1) and Batch Status Indicator Block (BSI).

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Faceplate block type


Such as Extended 5-Push-Button Switch Block (PBS5C), Triple-Pointer Manual Station Block
(INDST3) and Extended Hybrid Manual Station Block (HAS3C).

Data display type


Such as Sequence Table Block (ST16).

5.2 Calling Instrument Faceplate

Instrument faceplate window can be called on any window and the instruments can be directly
operated from this window.

5.2.1 Calling Instrument Faceplate from NAME Icon


To call an instrument faceplate, select the NAME Icon. Type the Tag Name of the instrument and click
on Call. The Instrument Faceplate is displayed.

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5.2.2 Calling Instrument Faceplate from Window History Tool Box
The Window History tool box lists up to 30 calls of views or frames or windows. If a faceplate has
already been called, double clicking on the line of the display history log opens the faceplate.

5.3 Components of Instrument Faceplate


The instrument faceplate consists of the following components:

Comment display area

Status display area

Parameter display area

Instrument display area

Operation mark

Data input dialog box call button

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The following section describes each component displayed in the instrument faceplate.

5.3.1 Comment Display Area


The Tag name and Tag comment fall in this area.
Tag Name - The tag name assigned to the function block is displayed on the instrument faceplate.
Tag Comment - The tag comment assigned to the function block is displayed on the instrument
faceplate. The user can specify a desired tag comment.

5.3.2 Status Display Area


The tag mark, block mode, block status, alarm status, calibration status and alarm ON/OFF status is
displayed in this area.
5.3.2.1 Tag MArk
This mark indicates the tag priority level of the displayed function block. All function blocks are
provided with tag marks to reflect their priority levels. The table shows the relationship between tag
marks and tag priority levels.

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TAG MARK

PRIORITY
Important Tag
Ordinary Tag
Auxiliary Tag 1, Auxiliary Tag 2

The display color of the tag mark indicates the alarm status of the function block. The table shows the
relationship between tag mark display colors and alarm status.
COLOR

PROCESS STATUS

Blue
Red
Yellow
Green
White
Gray

Alarm Output Off


Alarm Occurrence
Alarm Occurrence
Normal
Function Block that has no alarm function
Communication Error

5.3.3 Parameter Display Area

EXAMPLE
OF
ALARM
STATUS
AOF
IOP,OOP,HH,HI,LL,LO
DV,VEL,MHI,MLO
NR
-

The process data of the data items like process value (PV), set value (SV) and manipulated value (MV)
are displayed in this area.

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5.3.4 Instrument Display Area


The Instrument Display Area primarily consists of the Instrument Faceplate Scale. This is a display
scale used for bar graphs and pointers. The high/low limits, reverse scale display, and the number of
divisions of scale can be viewed from here.

5.3.5 Operation Mark


The operation mark is a mark with comment attached to an instrument faceplate. It can temporarily
change the operation status (permission/prohibition) of the instrument faceplate.
When an operation mark is attached to a function block, a colored label is attached to the instrument
faceplate. The operation permission/prohibition status of the instrument faceplate may be temporarily
changed.
Attaching or removing an operation mark may be carried out in the operation mark assignment dialog
box called up from the Tuning view.

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5.3.6 Data Entry Dialog Call Button

The data entry dialog box call button on the instrument faceplate is used to call up the data entry
dialog box. Clicking the button displays the data entry dialog box.
The data entry dialog box is used to change data values displayed on the instrument faceplate.

5.4 Operations on Instrument Faceplate


The following operations may be performed on the instrument faceplates displayed in the active
window:
SV Operation
Block mode change Operation
Data Entry Operation

5.4.1 SV Operation
The set point value can be changed:
By clicking on the SV pointer
By clicking on the Set Value in the Parameter display area
From the data entry dialog box

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5.4.2 BLOCK MODE CHANGE OPERATION

On clicking the block mode, a dialog box for changing the block mode will be displayed. The block
mode can be changed from here.
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5.4.3 Data Entry Operation
All the other parameters like MV, alarm limits and index limits can be set by the data entry operation.

Click on the data entry dialog box call button to open the data entry dialog box. Click on ITEM to select
the desired parameter.

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6. FUNCTION BLOCK MODES AND


ALARM STATUS

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Table of contents

Page Number

6.1 Function Block Modes

49

6.1.1 Manual Mode (MAN)

49

6.1.2 Auto Mode (AUT)

49

6.1.3 Cascade Mode (CAS)

49

6.1.4 Primary Direct Mode (PRD)

50

6.1.5 Initialization Manual (IMAN)

50

6.2 Function Block Alarm Status

51

6.2.1 Process Alarm Status

51

6.2.2 Alarm Output Off

52

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6.1 Function Block Modes


Block mode indicates the current mode in which an instrument is operating. There are different modes
available for an instrument.
MAN (Manual)
AUT (Auto)
CAS (Cascade)
PRD (Primary Direct)

6.1.1Manual Mode (MAN)


In this mode the instrument or function block needs to be manually operated.
The manipulated value (MV) or set value (SV) can be changed by the user.
In manual mode, the MV pointer appears in red colour and the SV pointer
appears in yellow colour.

6.1.2 Auto Mode (AUT)


In this mode the operator would provide the desired set point. The instrument
would respond automatically to the PV changes based on the set point given by
the operator and would generate the MV values.
In Auto mode, the SV pointer appears in red colour and the MV pointer appears
in yellow colour. While the SV of the instrument can be changed, the MV cannot
be changed by any method in this mode.

6.1.3 Cascade Mode (CAS)


In a cascade loop the output of the primary controller (MV1) goes as set point
of the secondary controller (SV2). The output of the secondary controller (MV2)
goes to the final control element.
For a cascade loop, the primary controller can be in AUT or MAN mode, but the
secondary controller has to be in CAS mode. In cascade mode both the SV and
MV pointers appear in yellow color. Both the SV and MV cannot be changed.

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6.1.4 Primary Direct Mode (PRD)

In normal cascade mode the output of the primary controller (MV1) goes as set point of the secondary
controller (SV2). The output of the secondary controller (MV2) goes to the final control element.
In PRD mode the output of the primary controller (MV1) directly goes to the final control element. The
secondary controller is bypassed and cannot be operated.
The PRD mode can be set from the tuning view of the secondary controller.

6.1.5 Initialization Manual (IMAN)


IMAN is not a mode status, but a mode sub-status.
In a cascade loop, if the cascade is broken by taking the secondary controller from CAS to either AUT
or MAN mode, IMAN appears as the mode sub status of the primary controller.
IMAN indicates that
Cascade loop is broken
Primary controller is bypassed
Primary controller cannot be operated due to SV tracking.
In SV tracking the output of the primary controller (MV1) automatically tracks the set point of the
secondary controller (SV2) to have bump less transfer to CAS mode.
The primary controller can be brought out of IMAN mode by changing the mode status of the
secondary controller to CAS. The primary controller will automatically come out of IMAN mode and
start functioning normally.

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6.2 Function Block Alarm Status


Alarm processing in a DCS can be classified into two types:
System Alarm
Process Alarm

System Alarm
The system alarm notifies operator of the abnormalities in the hardware and communication errors.
The type and contents of the system alarm are predetermined.
Process Alarm
The process alarm notifies operator of the occurrence and recovery of abnormality in the process.
The type and contents of the process alarm are predetermined.
When an alarm occurs, the alarm is indicated on the faceplate, tuning view, System Message Banner
and is also listed in the Process Alarm View. It indicates a color change and an audible buzzer sound.

6.2.1 Process Alarm Status


The table shows the list of process alarms that an instrument can have. It also indicates the settings
required for the alarms and the color change when the alarm occurs. The settings for the process
alarms can be set in the tuning view.
ALARM
STATUS

PROCESS
STATUS

ALARM
SETTINGS

NR

-----

MHI
MLO
IOP+/-

PROCESS
NORMAL
PV VERY HIGH
PV HIGH
PV VERY LOW
PV LOW
DEVIATION
ALARM
VELOCITY
ALARM
MV HIGH
MV LOW
INPUT OPEN

OOP

OUTPUT OPEN

HH
HI
LL
LO
DV+/VEL+/-

PV > HH
PV > PH
PV < LL
PV < PL
DV > DL; DV =
PV-SV
VEL =
PV / T
MV > MH
MV < ML
INPUT IS OUT
OF RANGE
OUTPUT LINE
IS OPEN

ITEM TO BE SET
IN THE TUNNG
VIEW
------

PV BAR
COLOR
GREEN

TAG
MARK
COLOR
GREEN

HH
PH
LL
PL
DL DEVIATION
LIMIT
VL VELOCITY
LIMIT
MH
ML
CHECK RAW
VALUE IN TUNING
VIEW
----

RED
RED
RED
RED
YELLOW

RED
RED
RED
RED
YELLOW

YELLOW

YELLOW

YELLOW
YELLOW
RED

YELLOW
YELLOW
RED

RED

RED

The alarms are displayed on the faceplate or tuning view based on priority. The highest priority alarm
appears on the faceplate while the remaining alarms are displayed in the System Message Banner.The
alarm priority is as shown:
IOP/OOP
HH/LL
HI/LO
DV+/VEL+
MHI/MLO
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6.2.2 Alarm Output Off
Normally when an alarm occurs
The tag mark changes color depending on the type of the alarm.
Audible alarm is heard.
The alarm status (HI/LO/HH/LL etc) is displayed on the faceplate, tuning view and process
alarm view.
When the alarm needs to be put off, the Alarm Output Off is used. It is not a process alarm but an
alarm sub status. The alarm can be put off from the tuning view.

In Alarm Output Off (AOF) mode


The tag mark changes to dark blue color irrespective of the alarm.
Audible alarm is put off.
The alarm status is displayed only on the instrument faceplate and tuning view.
All the alarms status except IOP & OOP on the instrument is not listed in the process alarm
view or in the System Message Banner.

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7. TUNING VIEW

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Table of contents

Page Number

7.1 Tuning View

55

7.2 Calling Tuning View

55

7.2.1 Calling Tuning View from NAME Input Tool Box

55

7.2.2 Calling Tuning View from Window History Tool Box

56

7.2.3 Calling Tuning View from Faceplate

57

7.2.4 Calling Tuning View from Tool Button Tool Box

57

7.3 Components of Tuning View

58

7.3.1 Toolbar of Tuning View

58

7.3.2 Parameter Display Area

61

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7.1Tuning View
The Tuning view displays a detailed control status for individual function blocks. This window can be
used for monitoring and be used to change tuning parameters.

It can also be used for attaching and removing operation marks. The Tuning view is automatically
created when a function block is created on the Function Block Overview Builder.

7.2 Calling Tuning View

Tuning View can be called on any window and the parameters can be directly set from this window.

7.2.1 Calling Tuning View from Name Input Tool Box


To call a tuning view, select the NAME Icon. The syntax for calling the tuning view is: TAGNAME space
TUN. The window size can also be specified if required.
In such a case the syntax would be:
TAGNAME TUN {SL} to open a large size view

TAGNAME TUN {SM} to open a medium size view

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7.2.2 Calling Tuning View from Window History Tool Box


The Window History tool box lists up to 30 calls of views or frames or windows. If a tuning view has
already been called, double click on the line of the display history log to open the tuning view.

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7.2.3 Calling Tuning View from Faceplate
If the faceplate is already opened, the tuning view can be called from the faceplate. Right click on the
faceplate to open the menu. Select Tuning to open the tuning view.

7.2.4 CALLING TUNING VIEW FROM TOOL BUTTON TOOL BOX


If the faceplate is already opened, the Tuning View can be called from the Tool Button tool box. Click
on the Tuning icon to open the Tuning View. The tuning view of the particular instrument would be
opened.

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7.3 Components of Tuning View

The Tuning View consists of a toolbar, parameter display area, tuning trend display area and
instrument faceplate.

7.3.1 Toolbar of Tuning View

Hard Copy Button


This button outputs the image of the Tuning view currently displayed.
Acknowledge Button
This button acknowledges the alarm generated in the function block that is displayed.
Reserve Button
When this button is pressed down, the tuning trend data continues to be collected even
when the Tuning view is closed; and the tuning trend is displayed when the Tuning view is
called up the next time. This button can be used when the tuning trend is displayed.
Stop / Resume Button
When this button is pressed down, the tuning trend display pauses. To resume updating
the display, return the button to its original state.
When the button is returned to the original state, the tuning trend display resumes from the
present time.
These buttons can be used to enlarge or reduce the tuning trend graph
display.

Primary Direct Mode Button


Clicking the PRD button changes the function block to the primary direct block mode.
When this button is clicked, a dialog box appears to prompt for the operators confirmation.
On confirmation, the block mode changes to PRD.

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Alarm Output Off Button


Clicking this button changes the function block mode to Alarm Output Off (AOF) mode and
suppresses the alarms. When this button is clicked, a dialog box appears to prompt for
operators confirmation. To return to the original state, click this button again.
Calibration Button
Clicking this button may change the data status to calibration status. When this button is
clicked, a dialog box appears to prompt for the operators confirmation.

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To return to the original state, click this button again.
When an instrument is put in CAL mode:
CAL appears on the instrument faceplate.
The PV bar changes to cyan colour.
The Instrument automatically comes to MAN mode.
The actual transmitter input is bypassed.
PV of the instrument can be changed.
All the alarms checking on the instrument are bypassed.
Calibration mode can be used when there is a failure in transmitter and the interlocks need to be
sustained.
Calibration mode can be used only if the process is normal and transmitter has failed.

Operation Mark
The operation mark is for notifying the user of function block conditions such as
equipment maintenance, malfunctioning and operation prohibited. By looking at the
instrument faceplate or tuning view the operator can be made aware of the function block

status.
This button calls up the Operation Mark Assignment dialog box.

Clicking on the Operation Mark button opens the Operation Mark Assignment dialog box. The
operation marks created would appear in the dialog box.

Select Setting, and select the operation mark to be assigned to the instrument faceplate and click the
[OK] button.
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Control Drawing Button
Clicking this button calls up the Control Drawing view.
RAW Button
This button calls up a dialog box to display RAW data.

RAW is actual input in terms of %. 4mA from the transmitter will be indicated as 0% input and 20mA
from the transmitter will be indicated as 100% input. PV is actual input in terms of engineering unit.

7.3.2 Parameter Display Area


The present values of the function block parameters are displayed in the parameter display area of
the Tuning view. The types of displayed parameters vary with the type of function blocks.

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Only the tuning parameters indicated with a = in the tuning view can be changed.

The Tuning view is used to set up the alarm setting as well as the loop tuning parameters.

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8. DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS

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Table of contents

Page Number

8.1 Contact Input

65

8.2 Contact Output

66

8.3 Software Switches

68

8.3.1 Common Switches

68

8.3.2 Global Switches

68

8.4 Switch Instrument

69

8.4.1 SIO Normal Operation

69

8.4.2 SIO Abnormal Operation (ANS+)

71

8.4.3 SIO Abnormal Operation (ANS-)

71

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8.1 Contact Input


Contact inputs are process inputs which handle ON/OFF signals such as DC voltages and currents.
The ON/OFF signal is a digital value of either 0 or 1, which together with an indication of the quality of
that value, shows the status of the process data item.
Contact input modules are classified into the following two types according to the input signal.
Status input module
Used for monitoring the status of contact inputs. ON/OFF status of input contact signals is used as the
measured value (raw data).
Pushbutton input module
Used for the input signal from pushbutton switches where the signal status change from ON to OFF or
vice versa is momentary.
Contact Inputs are used to indicate:
ON / OFF status of pumps, motors, heaters, etc.

OPEN / CLOSE status of on-off valves.

The faceplate of contact inputs is as shown. The faceplates can


be called from the Name Input Tool Box.
The system code for contact inputs is:
%ZnnusccSddss where,
%Z - Process Input/Output
nn - node number
u - I/O unit number
s - Slot number
cc - Channel number
S - Station
dd - Domain number
ss - Station number

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A potential free contact is taken from the equipment under operation in the field to indicate whether
the equipment is running or not. In case of valve, contact is taken from limit switches to indicate
whether the valve is open or close in the field at any point of time. These signals are wired as contact
inputs to the system. When the digital input process value is 1, it indicates that physically the contact
connected to the Digital Input card is closed in the field.

When the digital input process value is 0, it indicates that physically the contact connected to the
Digital Input card is open in the field.

8.2 Contact Output


Contact outputs are process outputs which handle ON/OFF signals such as DC voltages and currents.
The ON/OFF signal is a digital value of either 0 or 1, which together with an indication of the quality of
that value, shows the status of the process data item.
Contact Outputs are used to:
Switch ON / OFF pumps, motors, heaters etc

OPEN / CLOSE on-off valves.

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The system code for process outputs is:


%ZnnusccSddss where,
%Z - Process Input/Output
nn - node number
u - I/O unit number
s - Slot number
cc - Channel number
S - Station
dd - Domain number
ss - Station number
The faceplate of contact outputs is as shown. The faceplates can be called from the Name Input Tool
Box.
Each contact output is physically
connected to a relay. This relay is in turn
connected to the equipment or solenoid
in the field.
When the digital output process value is
1, the relay connected to the digital
output is energized. Hence the
equipment or the solenoid connected to
the relay is energized.
When the digital output process value is
0, the relay connected to the digital
output is de-energized. Hence the
equipment or the solenoid connected to
the relay is also de-energized.

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8.3 Software Switches


Software inputs/outputs are virtual inputs/outputs that are provided by the FCSs internal software.
These software inputs/outputs also called as internal switches are classified into:

Common switches

Global switches

Switches are used to store intermediate variables in the interlocks. Switches are used for applications
like Auto / Manual selection, pump selection, speed selection, bypass selection etc..

8.3.1 Common Switches

Common switches are internal switches used by various control functions to save the shared logical
values in an FCS. The logical value of a common switch is not directly output to an external FCS, but
are used by various control functions in an FCS for condition testing and status manipulation.
The System Code for Common switches is: %SWxxxxSddss
%SWxxxx - Switch number (0001 - 4000)
dd - Domain number
ss - Station number

Common switches with element number %SW0001 to %SW0400 are fixed as system switches.
Common switches with element number %SW0401 to %SW4000 may be freely defined by users.

8.3.2 Global Switches


A global switch is an internal switch with the same logical value on all stations in the same domain.
The value of global switch assigned to the present station can be checked and defined from any
application on a station. Up to 256 write-enable global switches can be assigned to each station.
The System Code for global switches is: %GSxxxxSddss
%GSxxxx - Switch number (0001 - 0256)
dd
- Domain number
ss
- Station number
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The defined value is broadcasted to each station in the system via control bus scan transmission when
data transfer to other stations is defined at Scan Transmission Definition on the FCS Constants
Builder.
The values of global switches are updated at the same time mostly on all stations in the system. The
values are updated by 100 msec, which is fixed. With this function, status information can be
transferred from one station to the control function of another station with very little delay.

8.4 Switch Instrument

The switch instrument block is a function block which


is often used to start/stop motors and pumps and
monitor or manipulate open-close state of the motoroperated valves.
In most cases, this type of blocks is used in
combination with the sequence table block (ST16,
ST16E) and the Logic Chart Block (LC64).
The faceplate of the SIO block is as shown. MV is the
output signal of the SIO block and the command to the
field instrument. PV is the answerback signal received
from the field to the SIO block.

8.4.1 SIO Normal Operation


The normal operation of SIO is as explained.
When MV=2, the DO is ON, the output relay is
energized. The equipment connected to the relay is
ON.
The answerback DI is taken from the contact of the
equipment. Since the equipment is ON, the contact
closes. So the DI is ON, then PV becomes 2.

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When MV =0, DO is OFF, the output relay is de-energized. The equipment connected to the relay is
OFF.
Since the equipment is OFF, the answerback contact opens. So the DI is OFF, then PV becomes 0.

Alarm Status is NR in the above conditions.

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8.4.2 SIO Abnormal Operation (ANS+)

Let us consider the abnormal operation of the SIO.


When MV=2, the
DO is ON, the
output relay is
energized.
The
equipment
connected to the
relay is ON.
If the answerback
DI is not ON, then
PV=0,
SIO
generates
an
ANS+
alarm
automatically.
This
alarm
is
displayed in the
System Message
Banner
and
recorded in the
Process
Alarm
View.

8.4.3 SIO Abnormal Operation (ANS-)

When MV=0, the DO is OFF, the output relay is de-energized. The equipment connected to the relay is
OFF.
If the answerback DI is still ON,
then PV=2, SIO generates an ANSalarm automatically.
This alarm is displayed in the
System Message Banner and
recorded in the Process Alarm
View.

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9. GRAPHIC VIEW (CONTROL


ATTRIBUTE)

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Table of contents

Page Number

9.1 Graphic View (Control Attribute)

74

9.2 Calling Control Group View

75

9.2.1 Calling Control Group View from NAME Input Tool Box

75

9.2.2 Calling Control Group View from Window History Tool Box

75

9.2.3 Calling Control Group View from Tool Button Tool Box

76

9.2.4 Calling Control Group View from Overview Tool Box

76

9.3 Control Group View Details


9.3.1 Assigning Instruments

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77

74

9.1 Graphic View (Control Attribute)


A graphic view with control attribute is used to display multiple instrument faceplates. Maximum 8 or
16 instrument faceplates can be displayed in one Graphic view with Control attribute. The instruments
can be monitored and operated from this window.
An 8 faceplate display is as shown.

A 16 faceplate display is as shown.

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9.2 Calling Control Group View

The Control Group View can be called by a number of different ways.

9.2.1 Calling Control Group View from Name Input Tool Box
To call a control group view, select the NAME Icon. The syntax for calling the control group view is:
WINDOW NAME. The window size can also be specified if required. In such a case the syntax would
be:
WINDOW NAME {SL} to open a large size view

WINDOW NAME {SM} to open a medium size view

9.2.2 Calling Control Group View from Window History Tool Box
The Window History tool box lists up to 30 calls of views or frames or windows. If a control group view
has already been called, double click on the line of the display history log to open the Control Group
View.

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9.2.3 Calling Control Group View from Tool Button Tool Box
If the faceplate is already opened, the Control Group View can be opened from the Tool Button tool
box. Click on the Control icon to open the Control Group view. The Control Group view opened would
have the faceplate in it.

9.2.4 Calling Control Group View from Overview Tool Box


The Control Group view can also be called from the Overview Tool Box. The Overview tool box lists all
the windows used in the project under the View tab. Double click to open the Control Group view.

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9.3 Control Group View Details

The control group view is used to display multiple instrument faceplates. A maximum of 8 or 16
instrument faceplates can be displayed in one Control Group view. Normally the instruments can be
monitored and operated from this view.
An 8 faceplate control group view shows normal width of Instrument Faceplates. All the data
regarding the instrument can be viewed and operated upon.
Double click on the Instrument faceplate to open the individual faceplate view. Monitoring and
operations can also be done from the faceplate view.

9.3.1 Assigning Instruments


While operating from the control group view, new faceplates can be added or existing faceplates can
be removed from the Control Group view.
An instrument can be assigned from the Faceplate Assignment icon. In the Faceplate Assignment
dialog box that opens, the tag names can be modified.

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In the Faceplate Assignment dialog box that opens, the Tag Name of the instrument that needs to be
viewed can be entered. If a faceplate is to be removed, that can also be done from the Faceplate
Assignment dialog box.
The assignments made from the Faceplate Assignment dialog box are temporary assignments and are
retained till the HIS is powered off.

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10. TREND VIEW

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Table of contents
10.1 Concept of Trend View

Page Number
81

10.1.1 Structure of Trend Recording

81

10.1.2 Trend Format

83

10.1.3 Sampling Period

84

10.1.4 Recording Span

84

10.2 Calling Trend View

85

10.2.1 Calling Trend View from NAME Input Tool Box

85

10.2.2 Calling Trend View from Window History Tool Box

86

10.2.3 Calling Trend View from Faceplate

86

10.2.4 Calling Trend View from Tool Button Tool Box

87

10.2.5 Calling Trend View from Overview Tool Box

87

10.3 Components of Trend View

88

10.3.1 Toolbar of Trend View

88

10.3.2 Trend Graph Display Area

90

10.3.3 Legend Area

90

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10.1 Concept of Trend View

The Trend view can be used for displaying various graphs of process data changed along with time
axis. The change of process data with respect to time is referred to as trend data. On a Trend view, up
to 8 trends of process data can be displayed.

10.1.1 Structure of Trend Recording


By using the Trend Recording function, process data such as temperature, pressure and flow rate
coming into the Control Station are gathered by the HIS, and the time-series changes in the process
data are displayed as a graph (trend graph).
The trend recording consists of:
Trend data acquisition
Trend data display
Closing processing

The Trend Recording has a three-layer structure:


Trend Block
Trend Group
Trend Pen
Acquired trend data can be displayed as graphs in the Trend View and the Trend Point View.
CENTUM VP provides for up to 50 blocks of trend per HIS. Each block in turn consists of 16 groups or
16 trend views. Under each group, up to 8 trend data can be assigned. Thus the trend data for up to
6400 pen can be recorded.

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TREND BLOCK
The type of trend data acquisition and sampling period are specified for each trend block in the
builder. Of the 50 trend blocks, 26 blocks can be defined as the trend format of Continuous-Rotary
Type, Batch-Stop Type or Batch-Rotary Type.
The remaining 24 trend blocks can be defined as the reference of the trend data acquired by other HIS.
TREND VIEW
Eight pens of trend data can be assigned to a Trend View. A trend block has 16 trend views.

TREND POINT VIEW


The Trend Point view is called up from the Trend View and displays data for a single trend pen.

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10.1.2 Trend Format
Trend data acquisition can be specified for the following 4 types:
Continuous-Rotary Type
Batch-Stop Type
Batch-Rotary Type
Other-Station-Reference type (Other Station Acquisition Trend)
Continuous-Rotary Type
In this type, the trend data are acquired constantly.
After the HIS is started, the data acquisition is started automatically and continued until the HIS is
shutdown. The acquired data will be retained even if the HIS is shutdown.

After the maximum number of samples is reached, the data acquisition continues by overwriting the
oldest data with new data.
Batch-Stop Type
Using this type, trend data acquisition starts and stops according to the received commands. If no
stop command is received, the data acquisition will stop automatically after acquiring the maximum
number of samples.
Batch-Rotary Type
Using this type, trend data acquisition starts and stops according to the received commands. Once
started, the data acquisition continues until a stop command is received. If the maximum number of
samples is reached before receiving a stop command, older data are overwritten with new data.

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Other-Station-Reference Type (Other Station Acquisition Trend)
Using this type, the trend data acquired by other HIS are referenced in trend block units.

10.1.3 Sampling Period


The sampling period of trend data is defined for each trend block in the Properties sheet of the Trend
Acquisition Pen Assignment Builder.
The sampling period for the trend blocks can be:
1 second
10 seconds
1 minute
2 minutes
5 minutes
10 minutes
The number of trend blocks that can be specified for the sampling periods of 1 minute, 2 minutes, 5
minutes, or 10 minutes is 18 in total. The number of trend blocks that can be specified for the sampling
periods of 1 second or 10 seconds is 8 in total.

10.1.4 Recording Span


The Recording Span is determined by the specified sampling period. The recording span is the time
taken to acquire data for the maximum number of samples with the specified sampling period. The
maximum number of samples is 2880 (fixed).
The total recording span for each sampling period is as shown in the table.

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SAMPLING PERIOD

TOTAL RECORDING TIME


(2880 samples / pen)

1 second

48 minutes

10 seconds

480 minutes (8 hours)

1 minute

48 hours ( 2 days)

2 minutes

96 hours (4 days)

5 minutes

240 hours (10 days)

10 minutes

480 hours (20 days)

10.2 Calling Trend View


There are various ways of calling the Trend View.

10.2.1 CALLING TREND VIEW FROM NAME INPUT TOOL BOX


Trend View can be called from the NAME Icon. The syntax for calling the trend view is: TGxxyy.
TG stands for the Trend Group, xx Block Number and yy Group Number. The window size can also be
specified if required.
The syntax would be:
TGXXYY {SL} to open a large size view

TGXXYY {SM} to open a medium size view

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10.2.2 Calling Trend View from Window History Tool Box


The Window History tool box lists up to 30 calls of views or frames or windows. If a trend view has
already been called, double click on the line of the display history log to open the Trend View.

10.2.3 Calling Trend View from Faceplate


If the faceplate is already opened, the trend view can be called from the faceplate. Right click on the
faceplate to open the menu. Select Trend to open the Trend View.

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10.2.4 Calling Trend View from Tool Button Tool Box

If the faceplate is already opened, the control group view can be opened from the Tool Button tool box.
Click on the Trend icon to open the Trend view.

10.2.5 Calling Trend View from Overview Tool Box

The Trend view can also be opened from the Overview Tool box. The Overview tool box lists all the
views used in the project. Select the trend view and double click to open the view.

Overview Tool Box

Double click on the


Trend view to be
opened

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10.3 Components of Trend View


The Trend View consists of a toolbar, trend graph display area and legend area.

10.3.1 Toolbar of Trend View


Hard Copy button: This button outputs the image of the currently displayed Trend View.

Pen Assignment button: This button is used to call up the Trend Pen Assignment dialog box.
Stop / Resume display button: Updating of Trend View display is temporarily suspended
when this button is pressed. When the button is pressed again, the updating of display
restarts from the present time.
Reduce / Enlarge axis button: The four buttons can be used to
Reduce/Enlarge time and data axis.
Pen Number button: When this button is pressed down, the pen number is displayed on the
trend graph.
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Display Mode button: This button switches display modes. A menu is displayed when this
button is clicked, and standard mode, various tile modes or zoom mode can be selected.
The default setting is Standard Mode.
Select target for scroll button: When trend data and reference patterns are superimposed in
the graph, this button selects the target of scrolling.
Display Reference button: When the trend data to which reference patterns are assigned
are displayed, this button selects whether to show or hide the trend data and reference
patterns.
Trend Point View button: This button calls up the trend point view of the selected pen.
Display Initialization button: When the trend graph scales have been changed, clicking on
this button returns the trend graph display to the initial state.
Index Initialization button: This button moves the main index mark to its initial position
(position of the latest data).

Save Data button: This button saves the trend data displayed in the Trend View in a file.

Read Data button: This button is used to display the trend data saved in a file.

Stop/Resume Collection button: This button pauses or stops trend data acquisition. This
button can be used in the case of batch trend acquisition.
Start Collection button: This button starts batch trend acquisition. When the batch trend
acquisition is started, the trend data displayed before is lost.

Redisplay button: This button calls up the Trend View again. When the Trend View is
showing trend data saved in a file, clicking this button resumes real-time data display.

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10.3.2 Trend Graph Display Area


In the trend graph display area of the Trend View, the acquired trend data are displayed. The trend
graphs are displayed in distinct colors for different trend pens.

10.3.3 Legend Area


In the legend area, information on each trend pen displayed in the graph is displayed.

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There are the following three types of legend display:
Grid type
Floating type
Bar type
When the Trend View is called, legends are displayed in the grid-type format. By switching to the
floating type or bar type, legends are displayed in simplified format to make the graph easy to see.
GRID TYPE
Grid-type legends are shown below the trend graph and display the detailed information of individual
pens. The instantaneous values of the trend data at the main index mark position are displayed in the
data value fields.

FLOATING TYPE
In the floating format, the display size and the display position can be changed by mouse operation. To
set a floating type legend, right click on the trend graph and open the menu. Select Window-LegendFloating type. The simplified format makes the graph easy to see.

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BAR TYPE
In the bar format, legends display is reduced to a single line below the graph. To set a bar type legend,
right click on the trend graph and open the menu. Select Window-Legend-Bar type.
The entire strings of the tag name, item name and tag comment can be read in the popup display by
moving the mouse cursor on the legend.

In all types of legend display, the following operation can be done:

Double-clicking a pen calls up the faceplate.

Check box operation selects show/hide of the pen.

Right clicking on the pen opens the tuning or process alarm or control group view.

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11. GRAPHIC VIEW

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Table of contents
11.1 Graphic View (Graphic Attribute)
11.1.1 Components of Graphic View

11.2 Calling Graphic View

Page Number
95
95

96

11.2.1 Calling Graphic View from NAME Input Tool Box

96

11.2.2 Calling Graphic View from Window History Tool Box

97

11.2.3 Calling Graphic View from Tool Button Tool Box

98

11.2.4 Calling Graphic View from Overview Tool Box

98

11.3 Graphic View (Overview Attribute)

99

11.4 Calling Overview View

99

11.4.1 Calling Overview View from NAME Input Tool Box

99

11.4.2 Calling Overview View from Window History Tool Box

100

11.4.3 Calling Overview View from Tool Button Tool Box

100

11.4.4 Calling Overview View from Overview Tool Box

101

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11.1 Graphic View (Graphic Attribute)


The Graphic View with graphic attribute is the most dynamic and colorful view offered by CENTUM VP.
This view is the graphical representation of the process with dynamic process values, color changes
etc. The view also enables to display the real-time process status. The graphic view is completely
configurable by the user as per requirement. The user can create a desired Graphic view using
various drawing tools provided in the Graphic Builder.

11.1.1 Components of Graphic View


The graphic view consists of a toolbar and graphic display area.
GRAPHIC VIEW TOOLBAR

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The Graphic View toolbar provides various buttons as described above.
The following alarms can be acknowledged in the Graphic view:
Alarm status of the function blocks defined to trigger blinking
Function blocks defined to trigger blinking in Overview control
Function blocks being monitored by an instrument faceplate
Function blocks being monitored by Overview control
Also, alarms generated by multiple function blocks can be acknowledged globally.
GRAPHIC DISPLAY AREA
In the graphic display area of a Graphic view, the created graphics is displayed.

11.2 Calling Graphic View


There are different ways of calling the graphic view.

11.2.1 Calling Graphic View from NAME Input Tool Box


To call a graphic view, select the NAME Icon. The syntax for calling the graphic view is: WINDOW
NAME.
The window size can also be specified if required. In such a case the syntax would be:

WINDOW NAME {SL} to open a large size view


WINDOW NAME {SM} to open a medium size view

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11.2.2 Calling Graphic View from Window History Tool Box


The Window History tool box lists up to 30 calls of views or frames or windows. If a graphic view has
already been called, double click on the line of the display history log to open the Graphic view.

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11.2.3 Calling Graphic View from Tool Button Tool Box
If the faceplate is already opened, the Graphic View can be opened from the Tool Button tool box.
Click on the Graphic icon to open the graphic view.

11.2.4 Calling Graphic View from Overview Tool Box


The Graphic view can also be opened from the Overview Tool box. The Overview Tool box lists all the
views used in the project. Select the graphic view and double click to open the view.

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11.3 Graphic View (Overview Attribute)

The graphic view with overview attribute makes the monitoring of the process easier for the operator.
The whole plant monitoring and operating windows can be mapped to the Overview View. Double
clicking on the push buttons opens the linked views.

11.4 Calling Overview View


There are various ways of calling the Overview View.

11.4.1 Calling Overview View from NAME Input Tool Box

To call an overview view, select the NAME Icon. The syntax for calling the overview view is: WINDOW
NAME.
The window size can also be specified if required. The syntax would be:
WINDOW NAME {SL} to open a large size view
WINDOW NAME {SM} to open a medium size view

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11.4.2 Calling Overview View from Window History Tool Box


The Window History tool box lists up to 30 calls of views or frames or windows. If a Overview view has
already been called, double click on the line of the display history log to open the Overview view.

11.4.3 Calling Overview View from Tool Button Tool Box


If the faceplate is already opened, the Overview View can be opened from the Tool Button tool box.
Click on the Overview icon to open the Overview view. This opens the Overview View containing the
Tag Name on the faceplate.

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11.4.4 Calling Overview View from Overview Tool Box
The Overview View can also be opened from the Overview Tool box. The Overview tool box lists all the
views used in the project. Select the Overview View and double click to open the view.

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12. ALARM PROCESSING

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Table of contents
12.1 Alarm Processing
12.1.1 Types of Alarms

12.2 Process Alarm View

Page Number
104
104

104

12.2.1 Types of Process Alarm View

105

12.2.2 Calling Process Alarm View

105

12.2.3 Components of Process Alarm View

106

12.3 Toolbar of Process Alarm View

106

12.4 System Alarm View

108

12.4.1 Types of System Alarm View

109

12.4.2 Calling System Alarm View

109

12.4.3 Components of System Alarm View

109

12.5 Toolbar of System Alarm View

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104

12.1 Alarm Processing


The Alarm Processing is a message processing function performed by the HIS when alarm occurs
during plant operation. The operator can use the issued alarm to determine what action is to be taken
for the abnormality and then process the alarm. The operator can perform an acknowledgment action
for the alarm output.

12.1.1 Types of Alarms


The types of alarm processing performed by the HIS are:
Process Alarm
The process alarm notifies operator of the occurrence and recovery of abnormality in the process.
The type and contents of the process alarm are predetermined. A process alarm message is the
general term for messages that are output corresponding to the process alarm.
System Alarm
The system alarm notifies operator of the abnormalities in the hardware and communication
errors. The type and contents of the system alarm are predetermined. When a system alarm
occurs, the control station outputs a corresponding message.

12.2 Process Alarm View


The Process Alarm view displays process alarms in the order they are generated, starting with the
most recent alarm.

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A Process Alarm view displays process alarm messages and annunciator messages in the order that
the most recent message appears on the top. When an alarm occurs, the icon of the alarm displayed
on the System Message banner will start to blink along with an audible sound to notify the operator.

12.2.1 Types of Process Alarm View


There are three display sizes for the Process Alarm view:
Large Size
Medium Size
Special Size
On the large and medium-size Process Alarm views, the process alarm messages and annunciator
messages are all listed. The most recent alarm is listed on the top.
On the special-size Process Alarm view, the three most recent process alarm messages are displayed.

The
special-size Process Alarm view is also referred to as the Process Alarm Individual Acknowledge
window.

12.2.2 Calling Process Alarm View


The Process Alarm View can be called from the System Message Banner. Click on the Process Alarm
icon to open the Process Alarm View.

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12.2.3 Components of Process Alarm View
The Process Alarm view consists of a toolbar, message display area and status bar.

12.3 Toolbar of Process Alarm View

Print Button
This button prints out all process alarm messages and annunciator messages occurred.
Acknowledge Button
This button acknowledges the process alarm messages and annunciator messages.
Global acknowledgment or individual acknowledgment can be used to acknowledge the alarm
messages. When global acknowledgment is used, all the unacknowledged alarm messages can be
acknowledged by clicking this button.
High Priority Button
While this button is pressed down, only the high priority alarms are displayed. All the alarms are
displayed when the button is released.

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Current Value Button
Pressing down this button indicates the present process variable of the analog data with the
engineering unit symbol.

Stop / Resume Button


The alarm message display is retained for 5 seconds without being updated. Clicking this button again
would restart display update.

Filter Button
This button calls up the Filter dialog box. In the Filter dialog, the filter conditions of the Process Alarm
view, such as displaying the alarms of a specific control station or function block, can be specified.

The specified filter conditions are displayed in the status bar of the Process Alarm view.

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Window Setup Button
This button calls up the dialog box for setting the display properties in the process alarm view. The
items of the messages to be displayed in the process alarm view are customizable.

SCS Alarm Occurrence Notification Button: When an alarm occurs in Prosafe-RS SCS (Safety Control
Station), the color of the button changes to indicate that the alarm has become active.

By clicking this button, the alarm messages filtered by the keyword Safety Control Station would be
displayed.

12.4 System Alarm View


The System Alarm view is an overview that displays the system alarm messages to notify the user of
system hardware errors (FCS down, card error, etc.) and communication errors. The System Alarm
view displays system alarm messages in the order with the most recent ones first.
When an alarm occurs, the alarm starts to buzz, and at the same time the button in the System
Message banner begins to flash to notify the operator.

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12.4.1 Types of System Alarm View

There are three display sizes of System Alarm View:


Large Size
Medium Size
Special Size
In the large and medium sized System Alarm views, the system alarm messages appear in an overview
display.
In the special sized System Alarm view, only the most recent system alarm message appears. The
special sized System Alarm view is referred to as the System Alarm Individual Acknowledgment
window.

12.4.2 Calling System Alarm View

The System Alarm View can be called from the System Alarm icon in the System Message Banner.

12.4.3 Components of System Alarm View


The System Alarm view consists of a toolbar, message display area and a status bar.

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12.5 Toolbar of System Alarm View

Print Button
This button prints out all system alarm messages that are occurring.
Acknowledge Button
This button acknowledges the process alarm messages and annunciator messages.
Global acknowledgment or individual acknowledgment can be used to acknowledge the alarm
messages. When global acknowledgment is used, all the unacknowledged alarm messages can be
acknowledged by clicking this button.
Delete Button
Acknowledged system alarm messages are deleted with this button.
System Status Button
This button calls up the System Status Overview. The System Status Overview displays the statuses of
all stations and the communication devices within the domain.

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Help Button
This button calls up the Help window, which explains the system alarm message. Select a System
Alarm Message and click on the Help button. It calls up a help window corresponding to the selected
message.

Stop / Resume Button


The
system
alarm

message

display

update

is

retained

for

seconds.

Filter Button
This button calls up the Filter dialog box. In the Filter dialog, the filter conditions of the System Alarm
view, such as displaying the alarms of a specific control station, can be specified.

The specified filter conditions are displayed in the status bar of the System Alarm view.
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Window Setup Button
This button calls up the dialog box for setting the display properties in the system alarm message
window. The items of the messages to be displayed in the System Alarm view are customizable.

SCS Alarm Occurrence Notification Button


On clicking this button, the alarm messages filtered by the keyword Safety Control Station would be
displayed.

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13. WINDOWS FOR OPERATION AND


MONITORING

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Table of contents

Page Number

13.1 Other Windows for Operation and Monitoring

115

13.2 Process Report View

115

13.2.1 Calling Process Report View

116

13.2.2 Components of Process Report View

116

13.2.3 Toolbar of Process Report View

117

13.3 Control Drawing View

118

13.4 Sequence Table View

119

13.4.1 Calling Sequence Table View

13.5 Logic Chart View

120

120

13.5.1 Calling Logic Chart View from NAME Input Tool Box

121

13.5.2 Calling Logic Chart View from Tuning View

121

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13.1 Other
Monitoring

Windows

for

Operation

and

The other windows for operation and monitoring are:


Process Report View
Control Drawing View
Sequence Table View
Logic Chart View

In the Process Report view, the current status of the function blocks and input and output is displayed.
The Control Drawing view displays the controlling status and connection status of multiple function
blocks visually.
The Sequence Table view and the Logic Chart view visually display the control progress.

13.2 Process Report View


Process Report view displays an overview of the control station process status. The process report is
to collect information on the system operating status and displays it in a window or prints to a printer
depending on the users request. The current status would be displayed or printed.

The following two types of reports are available in the Process Report view:
Tag Report

I/O Report

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13.2.1 Calling Process Report View


The Process Report View can be called from the Tool Button Tool Box. In the Tool Button Tool Box
click on the Process Report icon to view the Process Report View.

13.2.2 Components of Process Report View


The Process Report view consists of a toolbar, report display area and a status bar.

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13.2.3 Toolbar of Process Report View

Print Button
This button prints out the most recent status of the report that is displayed.
Acknowledge Button
This button cannot be used in the Process Report View.
Tag Search Button
This button displays the tag reports that meet the search conditions set in the Tag Report Search
dialog box.
Tag Search Dialog Button
This button calls up the Tag Report Search dialog box.
A tag report can be searched by station name, tag name or alarm status. The settings required for
search can be set in the Tag Report Search dialog box.

After setting the desired search conditions, click on OK to start the search. The results of the search
would be displayed in the Process Report View.
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Click on Reset in the Tag Report Search Dialog box to revert back to the default settings of the page.
This displays all the tags used in the project.
I/O Search Button
This button displays the I/O reports that meet the search conditions given in the I/O Search dialog box.

I/O Search Dialog Button


This button calls up the I/O Report Search dialog box.
An I/O report can be searched by station name or element type. The settings required for search can
be set in the I/O Report Search dialog box.

13.3 Control Drawing View

The Control Drawing view displays the function blocks defined in the Control Drawing Builder and the
status and the progress status of that function blocks. Control drawing view displays the controlling
status and connection status of multiple function blocks visually. Control Drawing View can be called
from the Name Input Tool Box.
The syntax to call the Control Drawing View is: Tag Name DRAW.

This opens the Control Drawing View of the tag specified.


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13.4 Sequence Table View


Interlocks in CENTUM VP can be written using either the Sequence Table or the Logic Chart. In
Sequence Table the logic is represented in a tabular form.
Each sequence table consists of, 32 conditions represented by C01 to C32, 32 actions represented by
A01 to A32, 32 rules represented by the number 1 to 32. Each vertical column is called a rule.

Condition Signal
The condition signal can be Yes or No. Yes is indicated as Y and No is indicated as N.
A true condition is indicated in red color, while a false condition is indicated in cyan color.
Action Signal
The action signal is also Yes or No. Yes is indicated as Y and No is indicated as N.
The action signal is always indicated in cyan color.

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While all the conditions in a rule are satisfied, the action written in the same rule would be executed.
The action signal would not be executed even if any of the condition is not satisfied.
The Sequence Table has to be in the AUT mode for the conditions and actions to be executed.

13.4.1 Calling Sequence Table View


Sequence Table can be called from the Name Input Tool Box.
The syntax for calling is: Tag Name of Sequence Table TABLE.

13.5 Logic Chart View


Interlocks in CENTUM VP can be written using either the Sequence Table or the Logic Chart. In a
Logic Chart the logic is represented using logic gates in graphical form.
Logic Chart consists of input element, output element and logic elements. The total number of inputs,
outputs and logic elements that can be configured in one logic chart is 64. The inputs, logic elements
and the outputs are connected by wiring.
The wiring color can be changed for representing the true and false condition. A false condition is
indicated in green color while a true condition is in red color.

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13.5.1 Calling Logic Chart View from Name Input Tool Box
The syntax for calling Logic Chart View from Name Input Tool Box is:
Tag Name of Logic Chart LOGIC.

13.5.2 Calling Logic Chart View from Tuning View


Logic Chart View can also be called from the Tuning View of the Logic Chart. Click on the Logic Chart
icon to open the Logic Chart View.

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14. MESSAGE PROCESSING

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Table of contents
14.1 Message Processing

Page Number
124

14.1.1 Annunciator Message

124

14.1.2 Operator Guide Message

124

14.1.3 Other Messages

125

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14.1 Message Processing

The message processing feature of CENTUM VP notifies the operator of the status change of process
and system using messages. The software supports various user defined messages.
They are:
Annunciator Message
Operator Guide Message
Print Message
Sequence Message Request
Signal Event Message
Help Message

14.1.1 Annunciator Message

Annunciator message is used to notify the operator of errors in the process. The content of
annunciator messages can be defined in the Annunciator Message Builder.

The Annunciator message when triggered can be viewed in the Message Display Area and is also
recorded in the Process Alarm View.

14.1.2 Operator Guide Message


Operator guide messages are used to prompt the operators acknowledgment for certain operation
during certain progress of the process. Operator guide messages can be defined in the Operator
Guide Message Builder.

The Operator Guide message when triggered can be viewed in the Operator Guide View.
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14.1.3 Other Messages
Print messages are used to print out the message to indicate certain timing of the process. Print
messages can be defined in the Printout Message Builder. These messages are printed and saved in
the historical message log file.
Sequence message requests are sent at a certain process timing to a HIS to execute Operation and
Monitoring Functions.
Signal event message is used to send text string from sequence table to SFC blocks or unit
instruments.

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15. CONSOLIDATED ALARM


MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE (CAMS)

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Table of contents
15.1What is CAMS ?

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128
15.1 What is CAMS?
CAMS for HIS permits alarm and event messages like system alarm messages, process alarm
messages, operation guide messages to be centrally managed.
The Historical Viewer of CAMS for HIS displays the past A&E messages and operation records of
operators on the window for the historical data list, that CAMS for HIS keeps. All the alarms can be
centrally managed from this window.

CAMS consolidates associated alarms into an alarm group. The user can define the conditions for
grouping alarms. CAMS also suppresses unnecessary alarms. It temporarily moves (shelves) alarms
of lower priorities to other location, in order to facilitate the recognition of more important alarms in
the Alarm and Event Browser pane.

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Centum VP Operation
Training Manual
TE Y109JA01 1st Edition

INDEX
A
Access Area..........................................27
Alarm Output Off (AOF).............................52
Alarm Status.............................................51
Analog Control System................................5
Annunciator Message..............................124
ANS-.........................................................71
ANS+........................................................71
AUT..........................................................49

G
Global Switch............................................68
Graphic View............................................95
Grid Type..................................................91
H
HIS Desktop Area......................................30
I

B
Bar Type................................................92
Browser Bar.......................................26

I/O Search...............................................118
Initialization Manual (IMAN).......................50
Instrument Faceplate................................30

Calibration Mode.......................................59
CAMS......................................................127
CAS..........................................................49
Centralized Control System.........................6
CENTUM VP..............................................13
Common Switch........................................68
Communication Network...........................15
Contact Input........................................... 65
Contact Output.........................................66
Control Drawing View.............................118
Control Group View...................................74

Legend Area.............................................90
Logic Chart View.....................................120

D
Digital Control System.............................6
Distributed Control System......................8
E
Engineering Station...................................14
F
Faceplate Assignment...............................77
Field Control Station..................................14
Floating Type............................................91

M
MAN.........................................................49
O
Operation Control Keys................................20
Operation Mark...................................60
Operator Guide Message............................124
Operator Keyboard....................................16
Other Station Acquisition Trend....................84
Overview View............................................99
P
Primary Direct Mode (PRD)..50
Print Message.125
Process Alarm View..104
Primary Direct Mode (PRD).147
R
RAW..61

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S

Sampling Period...84
SequenceMessageRequest.........................125
Sequence Table View......119
Signal Event Message.... 125
SV Operation....44
Switch Instrument...69
System Alarm View...108
System Capacity..15
System Message Banner ..24

User Login..34

T
Tag Mark..41
Tag Search117
Tool Button Tool Box.27
Trend Block .82
Trend Concept.81
Trend Format83
Trend Point View.82
Trend View.82
Tuning View55

V
View..31
W
Window Call Keys17
Y
Yokogawa Systems....10

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i
Revision Information
Title
Manual No.

: CENTUM VP Operations Training Manual


: TE Y109JA01E-VPOP

JAN 2009 /1st Edition/R4.01 or later


Newly published

Written by

Training centre
Customer Service Division
Yokogawa India Limited

TE Y109JA01E-VPOP

st

Edition: Jan 2009

i
Revision Information
Title
Manual No.

: CENTUM VP Operations Training manual


: TE Y109JA01E-VPOP

JAN 2009 /1st Edition/R4.01 or later


Newly published

Written by

Training centre
Customer Service Division
Yokogawa India Limited

TE Y109JA01E-VPOP

st

Edition: Jan 2009