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# non-Newtonian. Equation 1.

## 1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is

induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the

boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y

## )whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The

shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bonon-Newtonian. Equation 1.1 indicates that wherever a velocity gradient is
induced within a uid, a shear stress will result. When the ow of a uid parallel
to some boundary is considered, it is assumed that no slip occurs between the
boundary and the uid, so the uid molecules adjacent to the surface are at rest
(u 0). As shown in Figure 1.2, the velocity gradient du/dy decreases from a
maximum at the boundary (y 0) to zero at some distance from the boundary(y y
)whenthevelocitybecomesequaltotheundisturbedvelocity of the uid (u u). The
shear stress must, therefore, increase from zero at this point to a maximum at
the boundary. A shear stress, opposing the motion of the uid and sometimes
called uid friction, is therefore developed at the boundary. The region limited by
the dimension y, in which ow of the uid is perturbed by the boundary, is called
the bo