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LETTER TO THE ROMANS
Chapter 1

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1. PAUL, a servant of Y’shua the Mashiyach, called and sent and separated1 to the Good News
of Elohim.2 2. (That) He (Elohim) had before promised, by His prophets, in the Set Apart
Scriptures,3 3. Concerning his Son who was born in the flesh, of seed of the house of Dawid,4
4. And was made known as the Son of Elohim by power, and by the Ruach haKodesh, who
arose from the dead, Y’shua the Mashiyach, our Master, 5. By whom we have received grace
and a mission among all the Gentiles5 to the end that they may obey the faith in His Name;6
6. Among whom, you also are called by Y’shua the Mashiyach; 7. To all those who are at Rome,
beloved of Elohim, called and sanctified: Peace and grace be with you, from Elohim our Father,
and from our Master Y’shua the Mashiyach.7 8. In the first place, I give thanks to Elohim by
Y’shua the Mashiyach on account of you all; because your faith is heard of in all the world.
9. And Elohim, whom in spirit I serve in the Good News of His Son, is my witness that I continually make mention of you at all times in my prayers. 10. And I likewise supplicate that afterwards
a door may be opened to me, by the good pleasure8 of Elohim, to come to you. 11. For I yearn
greatly to see you; and to give to you the gift of the Spirit, through which you may be established;
12. And that we may have comfort together in the faith of both yourselves and me. 13. And I wish
you to know, my brothers, that I have many times wanted to come to you, but was prevented up
until now, that I might bear some fruit among you also; even as among other Gentiles, 14. Greeks
and barbarians, the wise and the unwise: for to every man I am required to preach. 15. And so, I
am eager to preach to you also who are at Rome. 16. For I am not ashamed of the Good News;
for it is the power of Elohim to life, to all who believe in it; whether first they are of the Jews,
or whether they are of the Arameans. 17. For in it is revealed the righteousness of Elohim, from
faith to faith; as it is written, The righteous by faith, will live. 18. For the wrath of Elohim from
heaven is revealed against all the iniquity and wickedness of men who hold the truth in iniquity
19. Because a knowledge of Elohim is manifest in them; for Elohim has manifested it in them.
20. For, from the foundations of the world, the hidden things of Elohim are seen by the mind in
the things he created even his eternal power and divinity, so that they might be without excuse
21. Because they knew Elohim and did not glorify him and give thanks to him as Elohim, but
became vain in their imaginings and their unwise heart was darkened. 22. And, while they thought
within themselves that they were wise, they became fools. 23. And they changed the glory of the
incorruptible Elohim into a likeness to the image of a corruptible man,9 and into the likeness of
birds and four-legged animals and reptiles on the earth.10
1 Perysh, the word used here for “separated” is also the root from which we get ‘Pharisee,” an obvious wordplay, raising the
cutting remark that Rav Shaul’s opponents separated themselves to the wrong place.
2 Noting also that this is YHWH’s Good News about His Son.
3 Paul quotes the Hebrew Tanakh over 80 times in this Letter to the Romans. Without understanding the original context of
Torah (first 5 books of the Bible), Neviim (Prophets) and Ketuvim (writings) which he quotes from, it will be impossible to
thoroughly comprehend his teachings. Paul never heard the words “Old Testament” in his lifetime, nor would he ever permit
such a dishonoring title be given to the Word of YHWH which is Mashiyach preincarnate.
4 At times, almost being read like a corporate memo, except instead of the familiar: “TO: FROM: REGARDING: pattern, the
order here is FROM (Paul) REGARDING (Y’shua the Mashiyach) and TO (the assembly in Rome). Paul is either dictating
the words to Tertius, see 16:22, or Tertius is translating the letter from the original.
5 Aimmeh= Gentiles or Nations is an appropriate translation here. Elsewhere, Murdock also translates as “Gentiles” the
word Armaya which refers specifically to the Arameans (or Syrians), who were kinsman to the tribes of Israel. Ya’akov the
Patriarch was related to Arameans by marriage and is called “a wandering Aramean” himself (Deuteronomy 26:5). The
Hebrews and the Arameans are closely connected peoples separated by a river. In fact, the word Hebrew, is derived from
Eber, meaning “those from across (the other side of the river)”. See Gentiles and Ger Toshav in Appendix.
6 YHWH is being referenced: “YHWH is salvation” which is also the name of His Son. This context is established in the
next verse: “among whom you are also called by Y’shua,” meaning that Y’shua is not intended as the subject of this passage
as it relates to Name.
7 Up until now, this has been one long opening sentence! Common in both Greek and Aramaic languages, this creates a
balancing act between English syntax and clarity while also remaining faithful to the order of thought.

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‫׃ דלות רהומנא א ׃‬

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‫‪W S E IS C‬‬
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‫‪T. NT‬‬
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‫משיחָ א קַ ריָא וַשלִ יחָ א ּדֶ אתּֿפרֶש לֶ אוַנּגֶלִ יָון ּדַ אלָ הָ א׃‬
‫‪ּ 1‬פַ ולָ וס עַ בּֿדָ א ּדיֶשֻ וע ִ‬
‫‪ּ 2‬דמֶ ן ק ִֿדים מלַ ֿך ּב ַי ֿד נ ִֿביַוהי ּבַ ֿכ ָ ֿת ֶ ֿבא קַ ּדִ ישֶ א׃ ‪ 3‬עַ ל ּברֶה הַ ו ּדֶ א ִֿתילֶ ֿד ּבַ ֿבסַ ר‬
‫ּבחיל וַֿברֻוח ק ֿדֻוש ּדקָ ם מֶ ן ּבֶ י ֿת‬
‫מֶ ן זַרעָ א ּד ֶ ֿבי ֿת ּדַ וִידֿ׃ ‪ 4‬וֶא ִֿתי ַ ֿדע ּברָא ּדַ אלָ הָ א ִ‬
‫משיחָ א מָ רַן׃ ‪ּ 5‬ד ֶ ֿבה נסַ ֿבן טַ יּבֻו ָ ֿתא וַשלִ יחֻ ו ָ ֿתא ּב ֿכֻלהֻ ון עַ ממֶ א ַאי ֿך‬
‫ִמי ֶ ֿתא יֶשֻ וע ִ‬
‫משיחָ א׃‬
‫ּדנֶשּתַ מעֻון להַ ימָ נֻו ָ ֿתא ּדַ שמֶ ה׃ ‪ּ 6‬דָ א ֿף ַאנּתֻ ון מֶ נהֻ ון ַאנּתֻ ון ק ַריָא ּביֶשֻ וע ִ‬
‫ֻהומי חַ ּבִ י ַ ֿבוהי ּדַ אלָ הָ א ק ַריָא וקַ ּדִ ישֶ א שלָ מָ א וטַ יּבֻו ָ ֿתא עַ מ ֿכֻון‬
‫‪ 7‬ל ֿכֻלהֻ ון ּדַ ֿבר ִ‬
‫משיחָ א׃ ‪ 8‬לֻוק ַ ֿדם מַ וּדֶ א אנָא לַ אלָ הי ּביֶשֻ וע‬
‫מֶ ן ַאלָ הָ א ַא ֿבֻון ומֶ ן מָ רַן יֶשֻ וע ִ‬
‫משיחָ א עַ ל ּכֻל ֿכֻון ּדהַ ימָ נֻו ֿת ֿכֻון אֶ שּתַ מעַ ֿת ּב ֿכֻלֶ ה עָ למָ א׃ ‪ 9‬סָ הֶ ֿד הֻ ו לִ י ּגֶיר ַאלָ הָ א‬
‫ִ‬
‫ּדלֶ ה משַ מֶ ש אנָא ּברֻוח ּבֶ אוַנּגֶלִ יָון ּדַ ֿברֶה ּדַ דֿלָ א שַ לוָא ּב ֿכֻלז ַ ֿבן מֶ ּתּד ַ ֿכר אנָא‬
‫ל ֿכֻון ּבַ צלַ ָותֿי׃ ‪ 10‬ומֶ תֿחַ נַן אנָא ּדֶ אן מֶ ן ּכַ ּדֻו ּתֶ תּֿפ ַ ֿתח לִ י אֻ ורחָ א ּבצֶ ֿב ָינֶה ּדַ אלָ הָ א‬
‫ּדִ א ֶ ֿתא ל ָו ֿת ֿכֻון׃ ‪ 11‬מֶ טֻ ל ּדטָ ֿב סוֶא אנָא ּדֶ אח ֶז ֿכֻון וֶאּתֶ ל ל ֿכֻון מַ והַ בּֿתָ א ּדרֻוח ּד ָ ֿבה‬
‫ּתֶ שּתַ ררֻון׃ ‪ 12‬וַאֿכח ָ ֿדא ֶנתּֿבַ יַא ּבהַ ימָ נֻו ָ ֿתא ּדִ יל ֿכֻון ו ִֿדילי׃ ‪ 13‬צָ ֶ ֿבא אנָא ּדֶ ין ַאחַ י‬
‫ּד ֶ ֿתּדעֻון ּדזַֿבנִין סַ ּגִ יָאן צ ִֿבי ֿת ּדִ א ֶ ֿתא ל ָו ֿת ֿכֻון וֶאתּֿכלִ י ֿת ע ַ ֿדמָ א להָ שָ א ּדָ א ֿף ּב ֿכֻון‬
‫נֶהוֶא לִ י ָאדֿשָ א ַאי ֿך ּדַ ֿבשַ רּכָ א ּדעַ ממֶ א׃ ‪ 14‬יַו ָניֶא ו ַ ֿברּב ָריֶא חַ ּכִ ימֶ א וסַ ֿכלֶ א ּדַ ל ֿכֻלנָש‬
‫ֻהומי אֶ סַ ּבַ ר׃ ‪ 16‬לָ א ּגֶיר‬
‫חַ יָֿב אנָא ּדַ אֿכרֶז׃ ‪ 15‬והָ ַ ֿכנָא מֶ תֿחַ ּפַ ט אנָא ּדָ א ֿף ל ֿכֻון ּדַ ֿבר ִ‬
‫ּבָ הֶ ֿת אנָא ּבֶ ה ּבֶ אוַנּגֶלִ יָון מֶ טֻ ל ּדחַ ילָ א הו ּדַ אלָ הָ א לחַ יֶא ּד ֿכֻל ּדַ מהַ ימנִ ין ּבֶ ה אֶ ן מֶ ן‬
‫יִהֻ ו ָ ֿדיֶא לֻוק ַ ֿדם וֶאן מֶ ן ַארמָ יֶא׃ ‪ּ 17‬כִ אנֻו ֶ ֿתה ּגֶיר ּדַ אלָ הָ א ּבֶ ה מֶ ֿתּגַליָא מֶ ן הַ ימָ נֻו ָ ֿתא‬
‫להַ ימָ נֻו ָ ֿתא ַאי ֿך ּדַ ֿכ ִֿתיֿב ּד ִֿכאנָא מֶ ן הַ ימָ נֻו ָ ֿתא נִ חֶ א׃ ‪ 18‬מֶ תּֿגלֶ א הו ּגֶיר רֻוגֿזֶה ּדַ אלָ הָ א‬
‫ַאחי ִֿדין׃‬
‫מֶ ן שמַ יָא עַ ל ּכֻלֶ ה עַ ולהֻ ון ורֻושעהֻ ון ּדַ ֿבנַינָשָ א הָ נֻון ּדקֻושּתָ א ּבעַ ולָ א ִ‬
‫‪ 19‬מֶ טֻ ל ּדִ י ִֿדיעֻו ֶ ֿתה ּדַ אלָ הָ א ּגַליָא הי ּבהֻ ון ַאלָ הָ א ּגֶיר ּגלָ ה ּבהֻ ון׃ ‪ּ 20‬כַ ס ָי ֶ ֿתה ּגֶיר‬
‫ּדַ אלָ הָ א מֶ ן ּתַ רמ ָי ֶ ֿתה ּדעָ למָ א ל ֶ ֿבר ָי ֶ ֿתה ּבסֻוּכָ לָ א מֶ תֿחַ זיָן וחַ ילֶ ה וַאלָ הֻ ו ֶ ֿתה ּדַ לעָ לַ ם‬
‫ּדנֶהוֻון ּדלָ א מַ ּפַ ק ּברֻוח׃ ‪ 21‬מֶ טֻ ל ּדִ י ַ ֿדעו לַ אלָ הָ א ולָ א ַאי ֿך ּדלַ אלָ הָ א שַ ּבחֻ והי‬
‫וַאוּדִ יו לֶ ה אֶ לָ א אֶ סּתַ רַקו ּבמַ חש ָ ֿבתֿהֻ ון וֶאתֿחַ שַ ֿך לֶ ּבהֻ ון ּדלָ א מֶ סּתַ ּכַ ל׃ ‪ 22‬ו ַ ֿכ ֿד‬
‫ימין אֶ נֻון שטַ ו להֻ ון׃ ‪ 23‬וחַ לֶ ֿפו ּתֶ שּבֻוחּתֶ ה ּדַ אלָ הָ א ּדלָ א‬
‫סָ ֿברִ ין ּבנַֿפשהֻ ון ּדחַ ּכִ ִ‬
‫מֶ תֿחַ ּבַ ל ּבַ דֿמֻ ו ָ ֿתא ּדצַ למָ א ּד ַ ֿברנָשָ א ּדמֶ תֿחַ ּבַ ל ו ַ ֿבדֿמֻ ו ָ ֿתא ּד ָ ֿפרַח ָ ֿתא ו ַ ֿדארּבעַ ֿת ֶרגֿלֶ יה‬
‫ַו ֿדרַחשָ א ּדַ ארעָ א׃‬

‫‪8 Or “will”.‬‬
‫‪9 Rav Shaul rejects the idea of making a deity out of a human being, something he himself is often being wrongly accused‬‬
‫‪of. The key is the phrase “corruptible man” which is put in contradistinction of Y’shua who fulfilled prophecy by virtue of‬‬
‫‪having the Ruach haKodesh, the Spirit of YHWH, inside him. If Rav Shaul did not approve of others turning images of men‬‬
‫;‪into false deities, he would certainly not approve of what Christendom has done today. The Son did the Father YHWH’s will‬‬
‫‪his human side submitted to the divine. This is what opened the door for repentance for all of us; therefore, all who follow‬‬
‫‪Y’shua must also yield unto YHWH rather than follow a deity who lessens the Name of YHWH and abolishes Torah.‬‬
‫‪10 Khabouris has an isolated taw-sheen, perhaps a scribal error as these are the first two letters of the next line.‬‬

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