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Ear cropping and tail docking of dogs has been present since Roman times.
The reasons for practicing this are various and usually highly questionable in
terms of necessity, ethics and morals. According to kennel clubs around the
world, there are more than 60 dog breeds that undergo ear cropping and/or
tail docking (The AKC currently recognizes 20 breeds with cropped ears and
62 breeds with docked tails). Throughout centuries cropped ears and docked
tails are distinctive features of certain pedigree breeds like Dobermans,
boxers, Great Danes, pit bulls, German shorthaired pointers, schnauzers and
many others, thus nowadays many dog owners opt to disfigure their pets to
maintain the traditional breed standards.
Ear cropping and tail docking has been banned in many countries,
particularly in Europe, and is illegal in Newfoundland and Labrador under the
1978 Animal Protection Act. It is also banned in Australia, New Zealand,
Scandinavia and some countries in the USA. Animal welfare organizations are
fighting to have these cruel procedures banned everywhere and luckily there
are more and more conscientious vets that refuse to do it. However, there
being a law or not doesn’t mean much to irresponsible owners and unethical
vets. For instance, these practices are banned by law in Bosnia since 2009.
Nevertheless, it is not surprising to see a person accompanied by a dog
whose ears are cropped and tail docked despite the law.
There are reasons why ear cropping and tail docking has been done for ages,
but it seems that they are not very relevant nor valid in the 21 st century when
modern veterinary medicine and extensive research data taught us better.
In Ancient Rome they used Neapolitan Mastiffs in arenas to combat lions.
Neapolitan Mastiffs were depicted in art work of thousands of years ago, and
their ears were cropped. This was done because of the fighting that they
were used for; they removed the impediment caused by a hanging ear that
could easily be ripped off by the opponent. Similarly, other fight dogs
underwent ear cropping for the same reasons. Since there’s a tendency to
devoid the whole world of this cruel and barbaric practice of dog fight there
isn’t really a reason to stick to some of its ways and continue to put our dogs
thorough painful and unnecessary procedures just to give certain breeds
‘traditional’ traits.

There are not accurate statistics. So. There is virtually no scientific evidence to back up this claim. Pups also use their ears to communicate. some owners crop the ears of Doberman Pinschers and American Staffordshire Terriers. That is not true! Moreover. but it can also leave them with lasting psychological trauma. The practice also perpetuates false stereotypes about certain breeds. causing gangrene. They can become head shy. Some dogs suffer serious behavioral problems caused by the trauma of ear cropping. Also. it seems that ear cropping amounts to nothing more than forced mutilation so that poorly informed owners can make their dog what they deem to be prettier or fiercer. Not only does ear cropping create unnecessary physical pain and discomfort for dogs. Frequently there are various topics concerning sudden death in puppies after ear cropping. which means that puppies experience even greater amount of pain than adult dogs. It could alter their temperament. there is no scientific data that ear cropping enhances hearing as some favors of this practice argue. such as cocker spaniels and poodles. Also. and even snappy when anything is done around their head or ears. don’t get their ears cropped.Another argument for ear cropping is a reduction in ear infections due to increased air flow to the ear canal. fairy tales that ear cropping is painless don’t hold water. the loss of circulation to the ears can occur. or unsightly fold may become permanent leaving the dog scarred for life. Moreover. It could be safe to say that exposing your pet to unnecessary pain and suffering just for the sake of looks is a brutal and inhumane practice which should be abandoned at all costs. newborn pups can have greater number of nerve endings in comparison to adult dogs. . judging from anatomical studies. and the breeds that are most likely to get them. if the tape work is not done properly. cases in which puppies died after ear cropping are not rare. because they think it makes the dog look tough or ferocious. There are those who will argue a puppy does not feel pain because the nerve endings are not yet defined. Research shows that at least 80 percent of dogs won’t get ear infections. for example. and chopping off parts of them can hinder an owner's ability to understand what their dog is telling them and to decrease dog’s ability to communicate with other dogs. Since there are no possible medical reasons why ear cropping should be done. but people who read dog forums will understand this.

But it being a norm doesn’t mean that it is OK. they just haven’t got public attention.When it comes to tail docking. On the other hand. and if it does. “research shows that an intact tail is unlikely to become injured. If this isn’t serious enough. among them retrievers. Moreover. he says. A docked dog that is active might be at a disadvantage compared to his playmates with intact tails. Certain breeds also use their tails to good advantage when they swim. Today. in the UK two dog owners and their associate were fined and jailed after a litter of 11 rottweiler pups died. Tail is a part of dog’s body which has its function and removing it doesn’t have any benefits. argues that docking itself could be considered an injury. PhD. injuries are usually minor and heal easily. seem to do just fine with their tails intact. run and engage in other energetic activities. we should cherish our dogs for how they naturally came into world and try to give them the best possible life and affection to thank them for the unconditional love and safety they give us. breeders and many owners of working dogs believe docking reduces the risk of tail injuries caused from hunting and herding activities carried out in fields. director of the Center for the Interaction of Animals and Society at the University of Pennsylvania. we should know better than to put our dogs into suffering just to attain some ridiculous standards or satisfy our whimsical and selfish wishes. James Serpell. especially when the docking is done by a nonprofessional. Recently. Ref: . Many people continue to put their dogs under these procedures despite the law and common sense just because it was the norm for a long time. As far as medical aspects are concerned there is no possible scientific reason which could justify ear cropping or tail docking. so docking may interfere with dog’s ability to interact with the environment. One obvious problem with this reasoning is that working breeds without docked tails. Eleven dead puppies tell a lot about his expertise. wooded areas and heavy vegetation. setters and foxhounds. Studies show that dogs communicate emotions like anger and excitement by wagging their tails. there is also a number of deaths after the procedure. The owners hired a guy who was not a vet but claimed that he was experienced in docking tails. I’m sure there are similar cases in Bosnia. To sum up.

https://www.pdf .org/pdfs/canine_legislation/Crop-Dock-Debark-Article.stopthecrops.html http://www.akc.animallaw.