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API Related, Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment, Terms and Definitions, Glossary, WOODCO USA

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GENERAL Revised: 11/12/2013

Oilfield Glossary:
Terms and Definitions

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Acceptance Criteria:
(General)

Defined limits placed on the characteristics of
materials, products, or services. Visually stated in
referenced industry specifications and standards

Acceptance Criteria:
(NDT)

Reference documentation and/or illustrations that
allow comparison of Indications or Discontinuities
found during Nondestructive Testing to a standard,
for the purpose of acceptance or rejection.

Adapter Flange:

Any flange that will connect between two other
flanges that would otherwise not connect. Usually a
Double Studded Adapter (DSA), or a Single
Studded Adapter (SSA).

Adapter Spool:

A unit of pressure control equipment with a body
and two different end connections used to connect
together other pieces of equipment that could
otherwise not connect. Sometimes used instead of
a Double Studded Adapter because at least one of
the units to which it connects has a studded flange
connection.

American Made:

See Made in U.S.A.

Annular:

Refers to the area of space between the inside
diameter of a drilled or cased hole and a
secondary string of pipe suspended inside this
space.

ANSI (ASA)

American National Standards Institute. An
organization formerly known by the name American

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API Related, Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment, Terms and Definitions, Glossary, WOODCO USA

organization formerly known by the name American
Standards Association (ASA). This organization
sets standards for the ANSI B16.5 Blind, Weld
Neck, and Threaded Flanges commonly used in
refineries and process industries.
For information comparing "ANSI" and "API"
Flanges, see A Brief History of Well Head Flanges.
API

American Petroleum Institute. The organization that
develops and publishes API specification
documents.

API Flanges

The flanges specified in API Spec 6A and API
Spec 17D. All of these flanges seal with Metal Ring
Gaskets. For flange sizes and dimensions, see
Flange Slide Rule Program.

API Monogram:

A registered trademark of the American Petroleum
Institute (API). Qualified licensed manufacturers
may apply the API Monogram along with their
license number, as a mark onto product or
equipment that serves to certify that the product or
equipment meets the requirements of API
published specifications.

API RP 5A3
(ISO 13678):

A specification for a high-pressure thread
compound that works well to lubricate API casing,
tubing and line pipe threads as well as bolts and
nuts used to connect flanges and clamps. Do not
use compound made to this specification for rotary
shoulder connections.

API Spec 6A:

Also, ISO 10423; The American Petroleum Institute
publication that serves as the industry Specification
for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment.
Those companies granted a license from API may
apply an API Monogram mark, along with their
license number, to products which they have made
in compliance with this specification.

API Spec 16A:

Also, ISO 13533; The American Petroleum Institute
publication that serves as the industry Specification
for Drill Through Equipment. Those companies
granted a license from API may apply an API
Monogram mark, along with their license number,
to products which they have made in compliance
with this specification.

API Spec 16A Clamp:
Photo

A device, serving as a fastener, designed to mate
with and Make-up to seal, API Spec 16A
designated hubs.

API Spec 16A Clamp

An end connector specified in API Spec 16A that

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API Related, Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment, Terms and Definitions, Glossary, WOODCO USA

Hub:
Photo

joins with a matching hub and secures with a
Clamp.

API Spec 17D:

The American Petroleum Institute publication That
serves as the industry Specification for Subsea
Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment. Those
companies granted a license from API may apply
an API Monogram mark, along with their license
number, to products which they have made in
compliance with this specification.

ASTM:

American Society for Testing and Materials. An
organization providing a vast array of specifications
for test methods and materials, frequently
referenced by other standards organizations.

Austenitic Stainless Steel:

300 series stainless steel with a chemical
composition of nickel, 8% minimum, chromium,
16% minimum, and carbon, .08 maximum. All
elements measured in % mass fraction.

Axial Alignment:

See Connector Axial Alignment

B7, B7M:

A short form of expression for the ASTM
specification for bolting, A193 Grade B7, called out
in API Spec 6A for standard service flange bolting.
If B7M appears, it means B7 in a Modified
condition with controlled hardness in the bolt (and a
2HM nut) for sour service exposed bolts.

Balance:

Also, Fluid Balance; That condition when the fluid
Head in a well bore produces sufficient pressure
inside the well bore to equal the pressure of the
production zone and stop the outflow of fluid or gas
from that zone.

Bell Nipple:

An upward pipe extension above the uppermost
BOP, used to discharge returning drilling mud to
the shakers, separators, and pits during drilling
operations. The "Bell" term derives from the bell
mouth usually fabricated on its upper end, See
Flange, Bell Nipple.

BHN:

An Abbreviation for Brinell Hardness Number. Now
abbreviated HBW.

See all hardness
related definitions

BHTA:

An Abbreviation for Bottom Hole Test Adapter. See
Top Connector

Blast Joint:

For Choke Manifolds, see Blast Spool. For tubing
strings in wells, the term Blast Joint applies to a
piece of heavy walled tubing, run in the tubing string
and positioned across from a perforated interval to
resist erosion caused by high velocity production

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See Torque Wrench. This force is usually expressed in Foot Pounds (FT/LBS). Bolt Circle: The theoretical circle inscribed by the center point of a series of holes. attached to the Wellhead to control and/or contain well pressure occurring inside the Casing during Drilling. BOP: An Abbreviation for Blowout Preventer. or Snubbing operations. Blast Spool: For Choke Manifolds. Bottom Hole Test Adapter (BHTA): See Top Connector. Manifold designers build this spool with the maximum practical wall thickness and sometimes specify an erosion resistant liner for this spool. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. a flange with bolt holes drilled through. Bleed Ring: Another name for a Instrument Flange.woodcousa. thus prolonging the life of the completion. http://www. WOODCO USA resist erosion caused by high velocity production fluid coming from that zone. with sealing surfaces on both sides and a tapped hole for sampling. Break-out: Also Break Apart. Bolt Tension: That energy achieved by applying Torque to nuts on bolts providing the compressive force necessary to hold connections in contact under pressure or load. installed singularly or as a part (BOP) of an assembly. or studded. Blind. near the mid circumference of a flange. Terms and Definitions. Bolt Torque : That rotational force applied to nuts on stud bolts to tighten and apply Tension to the bolts in order to hold flanges or other connections in Make-up. Workover. Body: The portion of a unit of pressure control equipment between separated end connections. this term applies to a specially constructed Spacer Spool attached directly to the outlet connection of a Drilling Choke where high velocity fluid erosion may occur. The act of disconnecting joined flanges or other Connectors. Blowout Preventer: A unit of equipment.3/7/2014 API Related. drilled equally spaced.com/flgterms. Glossary. Blind Flange: See Flange.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 4/36 .

except for small quantities added for deoxidization or to control the effects of sulfur.3/7/2014 API Related. Other elements residual. Butt Weld Joint This term describes a form of weld joint having specially prepared surfaces that makes a Full Penetration Weld possible. Glossary. fill.) of the weld. producing an impression. Burn Through A term used to describe an undesirable event during welding when the welding arc unintentionally burns trough a thin wall. Excessive metal on the I. This numerical value relates to steel tensile strength. Butt Weld The completed weld made in a Butt Weld Joint. usually of steel. Terms and Definitions. or weld joint root. measured and given a special numerical value. a fabricated pressure vessel with multiple inlets and outlets. of a pipe butt weld joint may interfere with the passage of tools. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. a Header. NACE Standard MR0175 references maximum hardness in determining steel’s suitability for use in H2S Service.woodcousa. allowing the attachment of Blowout Preventers during drilling.com/flgterms.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 5/36 . causing unacceptable irregularities on the reverse side (or the I.D. BX: See 6 BX Carbon Steel An iron based metal with only carbon and manganese deliberately added to specific limits. used to suspend and seal http://www. used to contain and direct the discharge from Chokes in a Manifold system. and later suspending and sealing a secondary string of casing set inside. A designation of hardness. An alternate method of buffer system construction allows the use of non-welded components. or in extreme cases the flow of fluid. API Spec 6A specifies minimum Brinell Hardness requirements for different material designations. Casing Spool: A single unit of well control equipment attached above the Casing Head. Typically.D. Also. Casing Head: A single unit of well control equipment (usually flanged) attached to the upper end of surface casing. Casing: Pipe used to line the bore hole of a well. performed by pressing a 10 mm spherical tungsten carbide ball against a clean prepared surface using a 3000 Kilogram force. WOODCO USA Brinell Hardness: See all hardness related definitions Buffer Chamber Now abbreviated HBW. and close. usually by leaving a small gap between the adjacent pieces that deposited weld metal will bridge.

The expression of the elemental composition of material by percentage of weight for each measured chemical element. Choke: Also. etc. Chemistry: The chemical composition of Material. Clamp: See API Spec 16A Clamp. Clamp Hub: See API Spec 16A Clamp Hub. Choke Valve.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 6/36 . used to suspend and seal a secondary casing string. Charpy V-Notch Test: (CVN) A test performed at a specified temperature by swinging a calibrated falling pendulum (hammer) fracturing (breaking) a specifically configured Specimen of Material and measuring the force required. Chokes. used to regulate and control the flow of oil or gas during normal well production. Often used as part of a Choke Manifold (also see Drilling Choke) or Christmas Tree. Certified Welder: See Qualified Welder. Casting: A shape made from cast steel.com/flgterms. Choke Manifold: An assembly of valves. Glossary. http://www. A unit of pressure control equipment used to restrict and regulate the flow of well fluids to maintain a desired pressure and flow rate. See Intimate Contact.3/7/2014 API Related. including valves. Fittings and Chokes arranged to regulate and control the flow of high pressure fluid from a well bore. Terms and Definitions. usually expressed in foot pounds. Fittings.woodcousa. high velocity fluid. Cast Steel: Steel formed by pouring molten steel into a mold to produce a desired near finished shape after solidification and cooling. WOODCO USA above the Casing Head. The term casting may also apply to the process of pouring liquid steel into a mold. Coefficient of Friction ( f ): Term to describe the ratio of the force of friction between two bodies and the force pressing them together. Chokes have hardened internal expendable parts specifically designed to resist erosion caused by high pressure. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Christmas Tree: An assembly of equipment topping off the Wellhead. Top Connectors. Coining: The condition of bringing metal surfaces of differing hardness so tightly together that the softer surface deforms to match the harder surface exactly in shape and finish.

3/7/2014 API Related. Combination Bolts: Those special bolts made to join flanges of different Working Pressures. Companion Flange: See Flange. Glossary.com/flgterms. that does not seal on a thread. the part of pressure containing / pressure controlling equipment that allows a mechanical joint that can provide a pressure seal: Flange. to the centerline of the http://www..htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 7/36 . Combination Ring Gasket: A specially configured Ring Gasket that allows two flanges with Ring Grooves of different width and depth but the same pitch diameter to join and seal when Made-up. Terms and Definitions. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. etc. WOODCO USA Combination Adapter Ring Gasket: A uniquely configured Ring Gasket that allows two flanges with ring grooves of different Pitch Diameters to join and seal when Made-up. with the ends concentric about a common axis. See Cross Over Connections for a full explanation. Companion. having a different diameter on each end to correspond with the bolt holes in each respective flange. The ends may have pipe threads or have butt weld preparations. Concentric Reducer: A pipe fitting that transforms from a larger to a smaller size on each end. Union.woodcousa. Connector Axial Alignment: Alignment to within specified tolerances of the connector centerline. Threaded Concentric Reducer (Often called a Swage Nipple) Butt Weld Concentric Reducer (Sometimes called a Transition Piece) Connector: For Wellhead application. Hub.

R. do the connectors at opposite ends of a spool center on the same axis and do their faces lay parallel to one another? Operators may assume acceptable parallelism if assembled equipment will pass a drift test. nickel. not integral to a body of an identified piece of equipment. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. or Other End Connector. These groove inlays have nothing to do with H2S service. chromium. This term includes CRA's. Corrosion Resistant Material: (C. Cross: Any Fitting with four connections in the same plane with two of these connections forming an in-line Run. A Material sometimes used in critical service applications for flanges. line pipe X 8R Tubing Threads. bonnets and other components. having two different end connection types. and stainless steels.woodcousa. etc. but serve only to provide protection from Metal Loss Corrosion (rust). normally 316 SS or 625 Inconel.g. Loose: Any flange. male or female either way. API requires CRA to appear in the connector marking when the connector has UNS N06625 inlay in the ring groove. e. Connector.htm#Drift. and various sizes and combinations of union connectors. to the centerline of the connector at the opposite end of the equipment unit. Corrosion Resistant Ring Grooves: Ring Grooves lined with material resistant to Metal Loss Corrosion. WOODCO USA Alignment: connector centerline. Cross-over Fitting: Any pipe fitting. bodies. This material is either an austenitic stainless steel or a corrosion resistant alloy. or Cross-over Fitting with connections specified in two different industry standards when those standards have no http://www. Corrosion Resistant Alloy: (C. Crosses may have more than four connections. Terms and Definitions. See http://www.A) Nonferrous alloys where any one or the sum of the specified amount of the following alloy elements exceeds 50%: titanium.3/7/2014 API Related.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 8/36 .M) Generally refers to ferrous or nonferrous alloys which are more corrosion resistant than low alloy steels. "Cross Standard” Adapter: Any Adapter Flange. Also frequently used as a weld metal overlay for ring grooves to prevent Rust damage between connection makeups.g. and molybdenum. e. Adapter Spool. Glossary. female end and male end with nut.woodcousa. hub.com/flgterms. Connector Parallelism: A measure of the connector face (or plane) with respect to the connector face at the opposite end of the equipment unit. or similarly configured part. duplex.R.com/standoff. cobalt.

Discontinuity: A location. internal or external. A place where metals exhibit some mechanical. See Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights for commonly available pipe sizes. or metallurgical irregularity that requires evaluation by reference to Acceptance Criteria. or ASME flange X union (female end or male end with nut) Country of Origin: That country within which 75% or more of the manufacturing costs of a product item incur. Also. Discontinued: Industry standard products or equipment that the issuing standards organization has announced it will no longer include in its published specifications. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. to close and divert shallow gas encountered during drilling operations. in conjunction with large diameter flow valves. Diverter: A specialized Annular Blowout Preventer used. Cross Standard adapters may have API X ASME flange connections (studded adapter or flanged adapter spool).htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness The process of making a bored well hole to test for 9/36 . Usually the two sides are different in size and/or pressure rating. Deep Ring Grooves: Now obsolete or withdrawn ring groove specifications that allowed face to face contact on Made-up hubs or flanges when using RX ring gaskets. drilled and tapped bolt circles on both sides and Tap End Studs complete with nuts installed on both sides. where the structural nature of Material (or a weldment) has an interruption of its normal or continuous regularity. WOODCO USA industry standards when those standards have no reference to one another. Drilling: http://www.S.A. Glossary. Double Extra Strong: (XXS) (XXH) Also. the act of passing this gauge through the bore.woodcousa.com/flgterms. physical. See SR ring grooves. Typically.3/7/2014 API Related.S. A designation of pipe with a wall thickness twice that of Extra Strong Pipe. Domestic Made: See Made in U. See also Made in U. API flange X union (female end or male end with nut).A. Double Extra Heavy. Usually used to adapt between different flange end connections that would otherwise not connect. Drift: A gauge of special dimensions used to pass through the Run of pressure control equipment to demonstrate that the Run bore will pass working tools. Double Studded Adapter: (DSA) Q&A A flange with a through bore and a ring groove on each side. Terms and Definitions.

3/7/2014 API Related. Fabricated Equipment: That equipment.com/flgterms. used as part of a Choke Manifold. produce oil and/or gas. Glossary. Dual Flanges: See Segmented Flanges. See Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights for commonly available pipe sizes. End Connection: That connection on either end of the Run (through the central bore) of pressure control equipment. A designation of pipe wall thickness specified in API Spec 5L in addition to many other pipe wall thicknesses.000 pounds per square inch (psi) Maximum Service Pressure. Elongation: That amount that a Material Specimen will stretch before fracture (separation). often referred to as rubber. if encountered in commercial quantities. Extra Heavy. Drilling Spool: Also. A unit of equipment used with Blowout Preventers to space pieces of equipment apart and provide outlets to attach lines extending to Choke and Kill Manifolds. Extra Strong: (XS) (XH) Also. Specialized elastomeric compound formulations allow sealing various fluids over a broad range of temperatures. DSA: An abbreviation for Double Studded Adapter. Drilling Choke: A Choke specifically designated by its manufacturer as suitable for drilling service. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment." Technically expressed by measurement records of Elongation and Reduction of Area determined as the result of a Tensile Test.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 10/36 . Elastomer: A flexible and elastic material used commonly for molded seals. Ductility: A property of Material that allows it to yield or "bend before breaking. Mud Cross. 15 M: An abbreviation for 15. An operating drilling rig includes Blowout Preventers and drill pipe. Such fabricated equipment may contain pressure or provide structural support for pressure containing http://www. Usually expressed as a percentage of the original length. WOODCO USA Drilling: The process of making a bored well hole to test for and.woodcousa. made with 2 or more pieces of steel joined together by welding. Drilling Rig: The entire collection of machinery and equipment brought together as a unit and used to drill and set Casing for an oil or gas well. Terms and Definitions.

describing a specific union design widely used on flange by union adapters Fitting: A unit of pressure containing equipment designed to fit between other equipment for the purpose of adapting or arranging that other equipment to facilitate pressure control.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 11/36 . Usually a Double Studded Adapter (DSA). See Tee or Cross. Continue tightening the bolt at 90° and then the one 180° from that. Flange Bolt Tightening Sequence: Begin tightening by hand by rotating nuts clockwise until they touch the flange. Terms and Definitions. and then choosing the bolt 180° opposite second. Flange. choosing one bolt first. Bell Nipple: The Flange attached to the Bell Nipple used to secure it to the top of the uppermost BOP. See One Piece Construction for comparison. Click here. with a sealing means. now or in the past. preceded by an inch size. http://www. Proportion the tightening so that full tightening takes 4 to 5 passes around the full set of bolts. used to join pressure containing equipment. API: A flange specified. Flange: A single disc or a protruding disc extension on a body with holes to accept bolts or with holes drilled and tapped into its surface with Tap End Studs installed. WOODCO USA structural support for pressure containing equipment. Flange. preceded by an inch size. For sequence diagrams for most flanges. Then step over one bolt from the first bolt tightened (decide for yourself clockwise or counterclockwise) and continue the same pattern as with the first four. or a Single Studded Adapter (SSA).com/flgterms. 5 M: An abbreviation for 5. Figure 2202: A term. Flange. Glossary. ANSI: A flange specified in American National Standards Institute published standards. "5 Bolt" Flanges: See Segmented Flanges. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. with the nuts equally engaged on both ends of the bolts. Begin tightening with wrenches.woodcousa.000 pounds per square inch (psi) Maximum Service Pressure. describing a specific union design widely used on flange by union adapters. Flange. Figure 1502: A term. in American Petroleum Institute published standards. Adapter: Any flange that will connect between two other flanges that would otherwise not connect.3/7/2014 API Related.

End Connection: A flange integral with a body (e. Double Drilled: A flange with two Bolt Circles drilled through. Open Face: A flange connection with through bolt holes. Usually used to connect pressure gauges and pressure transducers to a Choke Manifold assembly.g. Gauge: See Flange. An open face flange will mate with another open face flange or with a Studded Face Flange. Open Face Flange. Flange. Loose: See Connector. either studded or open face. The flange Material conforms to specification requirements for integral flanges. having 2 sides. etc. http://www. Flange. that has a full surface flat face. Standard Practice SP-44. designed to close off an outlet or end connection. Terms and Definitions. Flange. with or without a ring groove. Flange Parallelism: See Connector Parallelism. with special Tapped Connection Ports through its side (O. Outlet Connection: An integral flange connected to a Body (e. all faces with bores interconnected. one side having a single flange face.com/flgterms.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 12/36 . or tapped for studs. MSS: A flange specified in Manufacturing Standardization Society. Tee. Flange.) usually at 90 degrees from the end connection.g. Flange. spacer spool. Flange. Instrument: (1) An equipment piece usually made as a Spacer Flange with a ring groove on both sides to go between two other flanges. Used by Manufacturers of Diverters in 30" 500 and 30" 1000 psi working pressure. (2) A Special Flange Adapter.) with an opposite integral connection. but may have a Weld Neck or Blind configuration. WOODCO USA Flange. Test Flange. to facilitate the injection or sampling of fluid or the measurement of pressure. Blind: A flange with no center opening.) into its bore.woodcousa. and the other side having 2 or more studded flange faces. Flange. also known as a Transmitter Flange. Flange. Loose Flange. Companion: A loose.3/7/2014 API Related. Full Face: A flange. Flange. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Glossary. usually threaded.D. Integral: A flange made as part of a Body or attached to a body by welding. so that it may join another flange of a lower working pressure.

Flange. Companion) or external thread opposite its Ring Groove side to mate with standard threaded pipe. and other surfaces that need characteristics of low friction. All API Spec. 6A. Flange Series: An out of date term. Instrument Flange. used to cushion and minimize the erosion of high velocity abrasive fluid. Studded Face: A flange connection with the bolt circle drilled and tapped into its face so as to accept Tap End Studs (e. RTJ: A flange that utilizes a Ring Gasket has the designation "Ring Type Joint". Terms and Definitions. Target: A Blind Flange. 6A flanges have "Ring Type Joint" sealing surfaces. Transmitter: See Flange. to go between two other flanges to space them apart for some special purpose. Flange. often described as Xylan or Teflon coating. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. A studded face flange will mate only with an Open Face Flange. Threaded: A flange with an internal (see Flange.g. and protection from corrosion. wear resistance. Foot Pounds: (FT/LBS) A term usually used to express the amount of rotational force (Torque) applied to nuts on stud bolts. nuts. that contains and controls the flow of fluid. Spacer: A flange. Glossary. Material may vary from that required for Integral Flanges in order to facilitate field welding. Flange. Flange. abbreviated "RTJ" in flange standards other than API Spec. made with a ring joint connection on both sides. the connections on a Studded Cross). Weld Neck: A flange with a butt weld neck for welding attachment to pipe or tubing.woodcousa.com/flgterms. Flange. Flange. applied in the past to API flanges now described in terms of working pressure. Flowline: Any line of pipe.3/7/2014 API Related. Flange. with a tapped port in its center or side to allow application of pressure or attachment of a gauge. Test: A flange.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 13/36 . similar to a Blind Flange. usually with a lead filled cavity. "One Foot Pound" equals the force of one http://www. Fluoropolymer Coating: A specialized coating that manufacturers may use on bolts. Segmented: See Segmented Flanges. WOODCO USA Flange.

woodcousa. minimum yield strength Material.000 psi. Glossary.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 14/36 . using compressive force to breakup and close any internal Discontinuities. The alloy can be hardened by heat treatment. WOODCO USA bolts. A device to measure pressure within a pressure containing or controlling system. Also. A preset device for determining the relative size or shape of an object compared to a standard (e. Gage: Also.3/7/2014 API Related. Gauge: See Gage. http://www. "One Foot Pound" equals the force of one pound of pull on a wrench with a handle that extends 12 inches from the center axis of a bolt and nut upon which the force acts. Gauge. molybdenum. 4140: One of the chromium. Full Face Flange: See Flange. The act of using a gage to compare or confirm a size or shape. for use in controlling fluid containing partial pressure (some percentage) of Hydrogen Sulfide. a Drift).com/flgterms. the weld metal extending through the entire wall.g. manganese low alloy steels noted for toughness. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Full Face. usually when hot. H2S Service: Short for Hydrogen Sulfide Service (HSS). See Bolt Torque and Torque Wrench. The carbon content is nominally 0. Full Penetration Weld: A weld performed on a prepared joint between adjacent pieces. plastically deformed and shaped. The carbon content of 0. the act of using compressive equipment (presses or hammers) to plastically deform steel into a desired shape. Forging: See Forged Steel. Forged Steel: Steel. H2S: An abbreviation for the chemical Hydrogen Sulfide. good torsional strength and good fatigue strength after heat treatment.30% and with this relatively low carbon content the alloy is excellent from the fusion weldability standpoint. A term used to designate that equipment material specifications meet the requirements of NACE Standard MR0175.40% makes this steel less easily welded than 4130. 4130: A low alloy steel containing molybdenum and chromium as strengthening agents. 45K: An API Spec 6A abbreviation for 45. Terms and Definitions.

The 15/36 . This process affects Tensile Strength. Any connected Hammer Union consists of 3 pieces. affected by welding heat input but not melted. Elongation. See all hardness related definitions HRB: See all hardness http://www. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. 3) A wing nut with internal Acme threads that fits over the male connector and screws onto the female connector holding the two connectors together. Reduction of Area. Terms and Definitions. 2) A female connector with a tapered sealing surface and external Acme threads. Header: See Buffer Chamber. ASTM E140 provides a guide for comparing hardness determined by different methods and expressed on different scales. Connectors that allow quick make-up and break-out of pipe and fittings used primarily in temporary flow-lines. Hardness: A measured factor that reasonably predicts the amount metal will resist abrasion and bending. The measure of fluid pressure at the bottom of a column of fluid in a well bore or in any vertical fluid containing pipe or system. Most commonly expressed as Brinell Hardness and Rockwell Hardness. HBW: Abbreviation for Brinell Hardness.3/7/2014 API Related. Some Hammer Unions contain an elastomeric secondary seal. as well as indicating Ultimate Strength. 1) A male connector with a spherical sealing surface.woodcousa.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness (Sometimes RB) An abbreviation for Rockwell Hardness measured on the B scale. achieving a seal. See all hardness related definitions Head: The standing column of fluid in a well bore. Designed to withstand heavy striking with a sledge hammer to tighten or loosen nuts on stud bolts. Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) That part of the base metal formed as a narrow band immediately adjacent to deposited weld metal. Glossary. Yield Strength. Heat Treatment: Heating and cooling metallic Material in such a way as to produce selected and intended conditions and properties in the material. Wing Unions. and toughness (usually measured as Impact Strength). WOODCO USA Hammer Unions: Also.com/flgterms. Hammer Wrench: A box end wrench with a shortened heavy handle having an elongated square shaped end.

by means of a Charpy V-Notch Test.g. e. Hub Parallelism: See Connector Parallelism. See all hardness related definitions Indication: A term used in magnetic particle testing to identify locations found that require evaluation by references to Acceptance Criteria. WOODCO USA See all hardness related definitions Hardness measured on the B scale. Glossary. Frequently referring to Corrosion Resistant Alloy http://www.com/flgterms. Impact Strength: The amount of energy required to fracture (break) a Specimen of Material using an impact blow. Indenter: A hardened pointed or rounded contact object used to impress an indentation into the surface of steel (or other metal) parts in order to obtain a Hardness measurement of that part. 83 HRB. This deadly poison also has a destructive effect on high strength low alloy steels when the hardness of these steels exceeds a hardness of 22 Rockwell C. An abbreviation for Inside Diameter. See: Rockwell B Hardness.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 16/36 . This method has gained greater use in testing of weld samples to meet NACE requirements. where the weld deposit fills a groove or cavity. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment.g. The abbreviation usually appears after a number. Terms and Definitions.woodcousa. See all hardness related definitions Hydrotest: Also. I. usually performed at a specified temperature. See: Rockwell C Hardness. Hydrostatic Test. 22 HRC. HRC. a pressure test conducted by pumping a fluid (usually water) into a closed vessel or equipment system until the pressure reaches a specific level. e. See Magnetic Particle Inspection. Inlay: Used to describe a form of weld metal deposit. Hub: See API Spec 16A Clamp Hub. HRC: See all hardness related definitions (Sometimes RC) An abbreviation for Rockwell Hardness measured on the C scale. HV: Abbreviation for Hardness Vickers.D. and HRB. See HBW. Hydrogen Sulfide: See all hardness related definitions The chemical commonly abbreviated H2S. The abbreviation usually appears after a number.3/7/2014 API Related. The test consists of holding this pressure for a specific period of time without observed leaks or pressure decline on the indicating instrument. The Vickers hardness testing method represents another method of testing by indenting the test material under a specified load and measuring the size of the indention and comparing it to a number table.

ISO: See: International Standards Organization k: Also. Usually referring to connectors (Flanges. Glossary. ISO now issues these specifications and the API adopts them back and further supports these specifications with the API Monogram program. Terms and Definitions. Line Pipe: (LP) Pipe generally intended for use in the oil and gas industry for the conveyance of oil and gas under pressure. http://www. see Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights on this web site. Hubs. A320 Grade L7. Integral: Made as a single unit. Lack of Full Penetration: This term describes a condition observed in a weld joint when the weld metal does not uniformly continue from the root of the weld to the final cover pass.g. called out in API Spec 6A for low temperature bolting. See Coining. WOODCO USA Frequently referring to Corrosion Resistant Alloy weld metal deposits in oversize grooves later machined to accept Ring Gaskets. API Spec 5L and 5LX specify this pipe. or for a variety of industrial applications. it means L7 in a Modified condition with controlled hardness in the bolt (and a 2HM nut) for sour service exposed bolts. kip.E.com/flgterms. steel) strength. If L7M appears. sometimes shortened to a suffix K. or joined to a body by welding. L7.3/7/2014 API Related.'s) made as part of a body. ksi: Abbreviation for one thousand pounds per square inch usually used to indicate material (e. L7M: A short form of expression for the ASTM specification for bolting. Kill: The act of pumping heaver fluid into a well bore to bring a well into Balance and stop the outflow from the well. the connectors meeting the API specifications for end and outlet connectors. International Standards Organization Abbreviated ISO. See ksi. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. A load of 1000 pounds. this standards organization has taken on a partnership with the American Petroleum Institute to establish equipment and quality specifications.woodcousa. and/or O.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 17/36 .C. Intimate Contact: The condition of bringing metal surfaces of matching shape and finish into contact with such force as to leave no space or gap. most often observed at the root of a butt weld. For commonly available sizes of line pipe.

3/7/2014 API Related. Pressure Controlling: Any assembly of valves and fittings connected to a Blowout Preventer stack to allow pressure equalization and/or bleed down before opening rams. LP: An abbreviation for Line Pipe. Lubricator Adapter: See Top Connector. to apply individual numbers and letters. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Applying a developer coating to the surface to draw out any penetrant that may have entered surface discontinuities. Loose. Allowing time for the developer to draw out any penetrant to stain the developer coating. or to prove or disprove questionable Magnetic Particle indications. Allowing time for penetrant to enter any Discontinuities. WOODCO USA Liquid Penetrant Test: A method of surface inspection to detect indications not visible to the unaided eye on nonmagnetic Materials. Glossary.. Terms and Definitions. A liquid penetrant inspection consists of: Applying a liquid penetrant colored dye to a clean material surface.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness Manufacturers apply much of the marking on pressure control equipment by striking hand stamps. Drying this surface of all liquid visible on the surface.woodcousa. Loose Flange See Connector.com/flgterms. Loop. Low Alloy Steel: An iron based metal alloy with small amounts of other elements added in specifically measured amounts to produce a desired response to Heat Treatment cycles and achieve intended mechanical properties. Loose. M: An abbreviation for "000 psi" in designating working pressure in equipment marking. Most commonly used during Snubbing operations. The Roman numeral for one 18/36 . Observing any colored surface stains and comparison of any indications seen to Acceptance Criteria for acceptance or rejection of the inspected part. http://www. with a hammer. Loose Connector See Connector.

WOODCO USA shall consider steel material melted in the U. The Roman numeral for one thousand (1.A. Terms and Definitions. See Indication. Manifold: An assembly of valves and Fittings arranged to regulate and control the flow of high pressure fluid from a well bore. and observing the collection of this powder along any breaks in the magnetic field that might represent fractures or other irregularities in the surface. to the magnetized surface.S. but not including calculated mark-up. it possesses credible evidence that: (1) U.. Made as one piece: See One Piece Construction Made in U. WOODCO USA numbers and letters. WOODCO USA will make an unqualified Made in U. provides a simple symbol to use and save the space used by 3 zeros and 3 letters when hand stamping parts.S.A. Also see Choke Manifold. origin claim) if.S. Magnetic Particle Inspection: A non-destructive surface inspection process for ferromagnetic materials (materials that will attract a magnet) performed by magnetizing the material. M.000 psi. Glossary.: 1. claim (U. bodies. See all hardness http://www. applying a fine iron powder. at the time it makes the claim. Material: A term used on this web site. that identifies the Steel or Corrosion Resistant Alloy used for flanges.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 19/36 . and in API documents for pressure control equipment. and any product made from that steel and sold by WOODCO USA as Made in U. 10M.A.A. This same term of abbreviation has become commonplace now in the literature.000). e. for material made in USA or outside services performed in USA. 75% of total manufacturing costs shall include all costs paid by WOODCO USA to all USA vendors. Mechanical Properties: Measured aspects of Material used to describe its elastic and inelastic reaction to applied force. Make-up: The act of joining flanges or other connectors to achieve a seal. and best estimates of internal manufacturing costs.woodcousa. as Made in U.S.g. either dry or in liquid suspension.com/flgterms.S.S. rather than 10. bonnets and other components specified. or 2.S. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. and (2) the product was last substantially transformed in the United States.3/7/2014 API Related. Made-up: Refers to a completed connection after joining flanges or other connectors to achieve a seal. manufacturing costs constitute 75% of the total manufacturing costs for the product.

Localized metal loss corrosion may appear as "pitting." Microstructure (Steel): The existing described order and arrangement of constituents of steel Material.woodcousa. 1 MPa = 1 N/mm2.: An abbreviation for Maximum Service Pressure.g. hardness and microstructure of Materials used to make equipment to contain or control well production fluids that include hydrogen sulfide. Elongation. click here) Metal Loss Corrosion: That corrosion on the surface of metal that converts the metal to an oxide or otherwise gradually consumes the exposed surface of the metal. WOODCO USA See all hardness related definitions elastic and inelastic reaction to applied force. Yield Strength. not the actual measurement. as observed on a prepared sample through a microscope. MegaPascal (MPa) A basic unit of pressure or tension measurement in the International System of Weights and Measures. measure.S. Nipple-Up: Usually refers to assembling BOP Stacks and Choke Manifolds. See all hardness related definitions NC: National Coarse. about Material or equipment.P. NACE MR 01 75: A document published by the National Association of Corrosion Engineers defining the specific limits of chemistry. these terms identify a group of activities using various methods to find. or determine something. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. See Make-up. that allows an investigator to decide if any identified characteristics or conditions constitute rejectable flaws. See UN and UNC. Glossary. Swage: See Concentric Reducer. Mud Cross: See Drilling Spool. These may include Tensile Strength.145 psi. without damage. indicating a designation only.com/flgterms. Nondestructive Examination or Nondestructive Testing. Impact Strength and Hardness. M.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 20/36 . (For converter. For more on Microstructure. Terms and Definitions.3/7/2014 API Related. (e. http://www. Nondestructive Evaluation : (NDE) Also. Nominal: A term related to "size" or "dimension". 1 MPa . click here. 2 inch nominal pipe measures 2-3/8 inches outside diameter and no standard Schedule of the 2 inch pipe has a 2" inside diameter). Nipple. locate. Reduction of Area.

Most easily http://www. WOODCO USA O: See Zero. O.C. may have any configuration so long as it meets the design and performance requirements of API Spec 6A.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 21/36 . An abbreviation for Outside Diameter. Parallelism: See Connector Parallelism. Equipment made this way has no Fabrication (or assembly) welding performed.3/7/2014 API Related.E.: An abbreviation for Other End Connector. Outlet Connection: Any connection other than an End Connection on a Run.E.C) Any type of end (or outlet) connector designed to contain pressure. other than those specified in API Spec 6A. Manufactured goods the manufacturer has replaced with updated goods.M. Equipment manufactured from one piece may often have weld Inlay or Overlay to prevent corrosion damage to Well Wetted surfaces. Refers to the company which first designed and built equipment or parts. for the purpose of injecting fluid or to Kill a well.E.com/flgterms. Pack-Off Adapter: A single unit of equipment used in a wellhead assembly below the Tubing Head to adapt between flange sizes or pressure ratings and provide a seal around a secondary Casing String. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. An O. One Piece Construction: This term refers to flanged or hub connection equipment made from a single steel forging. Frequently referring to Corrosion Resistant Alloy weld metal deposits over Well Wetted surfaces of pressure control equipment to prevent severe corrosion caused by well fluids.C.woodcousa. Other End Connector: (O. The theoretical diameter of the ideal mid point (imaginary circular center line) of a ring groove. Overlay: Used to describe a form of weld metal deposit where the weld deposit entirely covers a base metal surface. Terms and Definitions. or used to pump into. Examples include Union and proprietary Lubricator connectors. Obsolete: Industry standardized products or equipment that the issuing standards organization has replaced with updated products or equipment. O. Used to flow fluid or gas into a Manifold or Choke.D. Pitch Diameter: Specifically of a Ring Groove. Original Equipment Manufacturer.E. Glossary. O.

the equipment pressure rating limited by the lowest pressure connector on the equipment. click here. Test Pressure and Working Pressure.com/flgterms. or the manufacturers design. to demonstrate equipment pressure containment integrity or pressure controlling reliability. For Test Pressure and Working Pressure tests explained. Most easily determined by measuring carefully from the inside of the ring groove on one side to the outside of the ring groove on the other side (same as measuring from the centerline on one side to the centerline of the other side).3/7/2014 API Related. Working Pressure. Pressure. For Test Pressure and Working Pressure tests explained. For more information. Glossary. that penetrates through to the fluid containing bore. the maximum pressure that specific units of equipment should experience in use. See Measuring Ring Groove Pitch Diameter.woodcousa. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Terms and Definitions. Pressure. shall comply with that specified by API. The term may apply to any application of pressure intended to demonstrate equipment fitness for service. Test: A drilled and tapped port in pressure control equipment.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 22/36 . Post Weld Heat Treatment: See Stress Relief. Pressure Cut: The erosion damage caused by high pressure fluid during an extended leak past a sealing surface. Click Here. Pressure applied during a pressure test should never exceed specific equipment rated working pressure except in a controlled environment. Pressure Test: The act of applying fluid or gas pressure inside equipment bodies. See the definitions of the terms. Working: See Pressure. Test: The hydrostatic pressure applied to equipment to demonstrate the equipment's capacity to hold pressure. or remanufactured equipment. Pressure. Maximum Service: Also. The Test Pressure and procedures for new manufactured equipment. or upstream of equipment closure mechanisms. WOODCO USA center line) of a ring groove. Procedure Qualification Record: (PQR) A written document recording all of the testing utilized to prove the validity of the Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) which references http://www. Maximum Service. or a flange. A pressure test on existing equipment in the field should equal but not exceed Maximum Service Pressure. API specifies that the manufacturer clearly mark the Maximum Service Pressure (MSP) on each unit of equipment. Port. click here.

references the minimum level of testing and inspection required for material and equipment as specified in API Spec 6A. CLICK HERE. and surface tests made on samples of the test welds performed to demonstrate that production welds carried out in conformance with the WPS shall meet the specified requirements. CLICK HERE. PSL 3G: Product Specification Level 3G. For more complete information. PSL 4: Product Specification Level 4. and the prohibition of welding except for http://www. CLICK HERE.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 23/36 . includes all the testing and inspection requirements described in API Spec 6A for PSL 3G. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. CLICK HERE. and the date of calibration and frequency performed. For more complete information. For more complete information. For more complete information. Reference ASME SEC.com/flgterms. the results of all mechanical. Also see Qualified Welder. The PQR contains actual records of the performance of all variable factors called out in the WPS. Qualification of a WPS necessarily requires calibrated welding equipment instruments and meters. For more complete information. as well as. IX QW-200.2. The term applies to a tiered progression of increasing testing and inspection requirements for materials and equipment. plus additional restrictions on the material qualification and heat treating. PSL 3: Product Specification Level 3.3/7/2014 API Related. as described in API Spec 6A. CLICK HERE. references a level of testing and inspection requirements for material and equipment specified in API Spec 6A as PSL 3. references a level of testing and inspection requirements for material and equipment alternate to and in addition to PSL 1 and 2 requirements as specified in API Spec 6A. PSL: Product Specification Level. references a level of testing and inspection requirements for material and equipment alternate to and in addition to PSL 1 requirements as specified in API Spec 6A. a record of the calibration and the reference standard. adding the requirement of gas testing of completed equipment units. PSL 1: Product Specification Level 1.woodcousa. PSL 2: Product Specification Level 2. Glossary. Terms and Definitions. volumetric. Other API Specifications include these PSL requirements by reference to API Spec 6A. WOODCO USA it. psi: An abbreviation for pounds per square inch to indicate pressure or load.

Quality Control: The examination of quality outcome. mechanical and/or volumetric examinations necessary for acceptance. heat affected zone and base metal after any post weld heat treatment. and continuity of maintenance and management necessary to produce predictable and desirable product outcomes. choice of personnel and training. III QW-304 and QW-305 Qualified Welding Procedure: A Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) containing a reference to the Procedure Qualification Record (PQR) which demonstrates that the procedure results in the desired properties in the weld metal. using similar calibrated equipment. Maintenance of welder qualification requires that the welder performs welding. Quality Assurance: The predicate of quality outcome. Quality: (As perceived in the business market) That which makes a customer choose. Quality will draw the customer to return again to the provider to get more of the same. Qualified Welder: A person who performs welding in accordance with a Welding Procedure Specification and a sample resulting weld has passed all required visual. with continued satisfaction.3/7/2014 API Related. and the prohibition of welding except for overlay/inlay of corrosion resistant material. which requires separate specific qualification. and maintains records of this performance. IX ART. For more complete information.com/flgterms. depositing similar metal. buy. R-24) designating a standard oval or hexagonal Ring Gasket. Terms and Definitions. A term used to refer to any ring groove that will accept an R ring gasket.woodcousa. R: Raised Face: http://www.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness A prefix designation. (e. choice of inputs. A welder so qualified has qualification to use the same and other WPS's utilizing the same welding process. creation of specifications. The measurement and inspection activities performed at various times during the making of product(s) to ensure that the product(s) meet(s) specified standards. choice of processes (and machines). Sometimes abbreviated RF. The planning. CLICK HERE. That portion of the 24/36 .g. use and retain a product. Glossary. using the procedure methods and equipment within specified time periods. with the exception of Corrosion Resistant Alloy inlay. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. always followed by a number. Reference ASME SEC. WOODCO USA treating.

To convert hardness numbers between measuring methods and scales.com/flgterms. with a number designation. Raised Ring Groove: Identifies flange facing that has a seal groove cut into a raised portion of the flange face closely surrounding the flange bore. The machine making the indention also measures the depth of the indention and provides a numerical value for that depth. WOODCO USA Raised Face: Sometimes abbreviated RF. Terms and Definitions.D. Usually expressed in percentage of the original cross sectional area. providing a sealing surface for a flat gasket or containing a ring groove to affect a seal with a Ring Gasket.woodcousa. That portion of the face of a flange near the I. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Ring Gasket: A metal gasket shaped like a ring. optional and usually omitted on 6BX Studded Flanges and all API 6B flanges. required on 6BX and 17D SS Open Face flanges. Bleed: See Bleed Ring. Glossary. See Spacer Spool.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 25/36 . Riser: A unit of pressure control equipment used to space apart or raise other equipment to a useful height or position. 6A flanges do not utilize flat gaskets. 6A permits the omission of raised faces on all other flange connectors. Rockwell B Hardness: A designation of hardness of metallic materials measured by pressing a small rounded indenter against a clean prepared surface with a See all hardness related definitions specific force. http://www. raised above the remaining face of the flange. designed to accept a Ring Gasket and achieve a seal when Made-up. Ring Groove: A closely dimensioned groove machined into the face of a Connector. The Rockwell B scale expresses more accuracy in the hardness measurement of metallic materials softer than HRC 20. Ring. designed to fit into grooves machined into the face of flanges and/or other connectors and provide a seal after Make-Up. API Spec. RB: See HRB RC: See HRC Reduction of Area: The amount that a Material Specimen necks down (or becomes smaller in section) as it experiences stretching under a load sufficient to cause fracture (separation). see Hardness Number Conversion Chart. 1/8" minimum height. Only Open Face Flanges sealed with BX ring gaskets must have a raised face.3/7/2014 API Related. API Spec.

g.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 26/36 . Seal Contact Area: Those areas that gaskets seal against in joined http://www. The machine making the indention also measures the depth of the indention and provides a numerical value for that depth. RTJ: An abbreviation for Ring Type Joint.500 inches outside diameter with a . Rust: The Metal Loss Corrosion product. between End Connections. Terms and Definitions. 6A self energizing seal rings. WOODCO USA Rockwell C Hardness: See all hardness related definitions A designation of hardness. See Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights. To convert hardness numbers between measuring methods and scales.337 inch wall). always followed by a number.com/flgterms.3/7/2014 API Related. 4 inch Schedule 80 Pipe has a 4. SBX: A Ring Gasket based on BX gasket design but drilled with a special vent hole for underwater (subsea) Make-up. The most common form of metal loss corrosion associated with steel. Run: That passage through a Body. that will pass fluid and working tools. RTJ. iron oxide. Schedule: A term used to indicate the wall thickness of standard pipe sizes (e. 16A hubs. RX: A prefix designation.woodcousa. see Hardness Number Conversion Chart. Glossary. measured by pressing a specially shaped indenter against a clean prepared surface with a specific force. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. for API Spec. This numerical value relates to steel Tensile Strength and NACE Standard MR0175 references hardness in determining steel’s suitability for use in H2S Service. See Flanges. RX ring gaskets will fit all R ring grooves in 6B flanges and only RX ring gaskets fit SR ring grooves in API Spec. usually of steel or Corrosion Resistant Alloys.

Low Temperature. WOODCO USA Seal Contact Area: Those areas that gaskets seal against in joined connections. H2S service. 75K: An API Spec 6A abbreviation for 75.woodcousa.000 psi. Single Studded Adapter: Q&A A flange with a through bore and a ring groove on each side.g.3/7/2014 API Related. Terms and Definitions. with Tap End Studs installed. API originally specified these flanges in API STD. etc. These flanges connect valves and tubing head adapters on Christmas Trees where 2 producing tubing strings hang inside a single cased well bore. 6 BX : (or BX) A term applied to API Spec 6A flanges which have ring grooves dimensioned to accept BX ring http://www. see A Brief History of Well Head Flanges. 6 B. with a drilled through bolt circle the same as an Open Face Flange on it's larger side and a drilled and tapped bolt circle on it's smaller side. The ASA identified flanges with a number followed by the term "Lb" and API designated flanges of the same dimensions by the term "Series". "Series" flanges having a higher standard working pressure and made of higher strength steel than the standard ASA (now ANSI) flanges. Glossary. For information comparing "ANSI" and "API" Flanges. They have a special "one sided" configuration that allows the producing tubing to have a small center to center distance. minimum yield strength for Material. Series A now obsolete term adopted originally by API to distinguish API well head flanges that matched dimensions with ASA flanges. Service: A term used to denote the suitability of equipment for use in a particular environment e. R or RX appears in the prefix of the numbered ring gaskets which fit 6 B flanges. Segmented Flanges: Sometimes called "5 Bolt" or "Dual" flanges. High Temperature.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 27/36 . Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment.com/flgterms. 6 B: A term applied to API Spec 6A flanges which have ring grooves dimensioned to accept R or RX ring gaskets.

woodcousa. 6 BX. SR : A term designating special ring grooves specified in API Spec 16A that allow face-to-face make-up of the hub connections which utilize RX ring gaskets. shaped and processed according to a detailed specification. Take special care not to confuse connections with SR ring grooves with those connections that have Deep Ring Grooves previously used in now obsolete or withdrawn flanges or hubs. Spherical. Snubbing: A term used to describe the process of removing or installing pipe into a pressurized well bore. minimum yield strength for Material. WOODCO USA (or BX) ring grooves dimensioned to accept BX ring gaskets. usually of Material. Spacer.com/flgterms. minimum yield strength in relation to Line Pipe.000 psi. using specialized equipment including Blowout Preventers in a special arrangement. tested and used as a representation of the properties of the lot of Material from which it came.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 28/36 . Spherical Washers: See Washers. 60K: An API Spec 6A abbreviation for 60. At high concentrations. API originally specified these flanges in API STD.000 psi. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Sour: Crude oil or natural gas contaminated with sulfur or sulfur compounds. especially hydrogen sulfide. sulfur is odorless and deadly. Glossary. http://www.3/7/2014 API Related. Specimen : A sample. Terms and Definitions. most commonly used to raise or space apart Blowout Preventers or to connect a Choke Manifold to the well control system. Spacer Flange: See Flange. Spacer Spool: A unit of pressure control equipment usually having only end connections and an extended body. SRX: A Ring Gasket based on RX gasket design but drilled with a special vent hole for underwater (subsea) Make-up. BX appears in the prefix of the numbered ring gaskets which fit 6 BX flanges. or an abbreviation adopted on this Web Site for 60.

Tubing or drill pipe. or inlayed with Corrosion Resistant Material. This process. See Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights for commonly available pipe sizes.3/7/2014 API Related. WOODCO USA SS Flanges: API Spec 17D specifies these 2-1/16" through 11" flanges in 5. manufactured from. to obtain response to heat treat and/or to secure desired mechanical properties. Stainless Steel: An iron based metal alloy with a high chromium content sufficient to reduce or prevent Metal Loss Corrosion. a certifying authority. Stand-off: The distance between Made-up connection faces utilizing R or RX ring gaskets. Standard: (STD) A designation of pipe wall thickness intended for ordinary use with water.com/flgterms. Stress Relief: A heat treating process usually used after welding. Standards: An alternate term used to describe specifications published by an industry organization. manganese. Glossary.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 29/36 . see About API Spec 17D SS and SV Flanges.woodcousa. Stud Bolts: Stud bolts for Open Face Flanges that have http://www. Steel: An iron based metal. and other constituents as required. then termed Post Weld Heat Treatment. otherwise dimensioned the same as API 6B flanges. It involves heating the weld deposit and base metal affected to a suitable temperature and holding this temperature long enough to reduce residual stress. Terms and Definitions. air. measured near the ring groove. combined with carbon. or a government agency. String: A term used to refer to a vertical arrangement of pipe suspended in a well bore as Casing. STD: See Standard. For more information. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. may also serve to satisfy NACE MR0175 requirements for equipment used in H2S Service. SST: Required by API to appear in the connector marking when the connector has 300 series stainless steel inlay in the ring groove.000 psi working pressure with BX ring grooves. when performed in accordance with a Qualified Welding Procedure. steam and gas as well as plumbing and heating applications.

000 psi working pressures. Target. Substructure: That base of fabricated steel beams or columns that supports the working floor and mast of a land based Drilling Rig. Swage Nipple: See Concentric Reducer.000 psi and 10. Teflon: Fluoropolymer Coating. Stud Face Flange: See Flange. Target Flange: See Flange. Ultimate Strength. (See PDF file AWHEM document TR9601 for bolt dimension information). The breaking strength of a Material Specimen when subjected to a stretching http://www.000 pounds per square inch (psi) Maximum Service Pressure. usually expressed in 30/36 .htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness force sufficient to pull it apart. Tee: Any Fitting with three connections in the same plane with two of these connections forming an inline Run. Terms and Definitions. Glossary. Surface: A term used to identify oilfield wellhead equipment intended for use on land or above the waterline in offshore applications. SV Flanges: API Spec 17D refers to Swivel Flanges (flanges that swivel around a hub) as "SV Flanges". For more information. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. and also controls the extension length of the stud beyond a Studded Flange Face (See PDF file AWHEM document TR9601 for tap end stud dimension information).woodcousa. A Tee may have a fourth outlet not in the same plane as the run. with an unthreaded portion on the body center diameter. see About API Spec 17D SS and SV Flanges. Tap End Studs: Q & A 27 Q & A 51 Stud bolts threaded on each end. Subsea: A term used to identify oilfield wellhead equipment used offshore and below the surface of the water. Tensile Strength: Also. WOODCO USA Stud Bolts: (See Catalog) Stud bolts for Open Face Flanges that have threads over their full length or may have an unthreaded portion on the central area of the body diameter. Studded Face. 10 M: An abbreviation for 10. API specifies these flanges in a limited range of sizes in 5. Sweet: Crude oil or natural gas without appreciable amounts of sulfur or sulfur compounds. The thread length dimension on one end controls the depth of engagement of that end into a tapped hole.com/flgterms.3/7/2014 API Related.

000 pounds per square inch (psi) Maximum Service Pressure. Usually a flange bottom and union top configuration with a cap and Gage tap. See Bolt Torque. minimum Yield Strength in relation to Line Pipe. Elongation. Test Port: See Port. Tension: For bolts. Thread Anchored Studs: Studs screwed into tapped bolt circle holes in a flange face. WOODCO USA force sufficient to pull it apart.000 psi. TPI: Threads per Inch.000 pounds per square inch (psi) Maximum Service Pressure. Top Connector: The Top Connector of a Christmas Tree that allows access to the full bore of the valves.com/flgterms. 36K: An API Spec 6A abbreviation for 36. usually measured in pounds per square inch (psi). Test Flange: See Flange. a Tree Cap or a Tree Top. minimum Yield Strength for Material. Transition Piece: In the past. Operators may also identify this unit of equipment as a Bottom Hole Test Adapter.3/7/2014 API Related.000 psi. 30 M: An abbreviation for 30.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 31/36 . Terms and Definitions. 35K: An abbreviation adopted on this Web Site for 35. usually expressed in Foot Pounds. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Torque Wrench: A wrench for tightening nuts that incorporates a measuring means. Tensile Test" A test performed on a Material Specimen by pulling it to failure (separation) and measuring the results in terms of Ultimate Strength. See Tap End Studs. Test Test Pressure: See Pressure. Test. the amount of stretching force placed into a bolt by the tightening of the nut(s).woodcousa. Yield Strength. 3M: An abbreviation for 3. Test Thermal History: A record of the cycles of heating and cooling performed on metal Material for the purpose of producing specified conditions and properties in the material. API Spec 6A specified weld end reducers that adapted the weld necks of 6BX http://www. and Reduction of Area. usually expressed in ksi. Glossary. Torque: See Bolt Torque.

g. e. "H2S Trim. used to join the tubing head to the Christmas Tree. WOODCO USA reducers that adapted the weld necks of 6BX flanges to standard pipe sizes and schedules. 237 HBW (read 235 in table). API no longer specifies transition pieces in API Spec 6A. used to produce fluid or gas from the well. used with API flange bolts.000 pounds per square inch (psi) Maximum Service Pressure. use 2HM nuts.woodcousa. 20 M: An abbreviation for 20. Tubing Head Adapter: A single unit of equipment attached above the Tubing Head. An uncommon designation of pipe with a wall thickness three times that of extra heavy pipe. inside the casing. used to suspend and seal the production Tubing string. Ultimate Strength: See Tensile Strength." Triple Extra Strong: (XXXS) (XXXH) Also. 22 RC: 22 RC.3/7/2014 API Related. A194. Triple Extra Heavy. This pipe does not appear on standard pipe dimension charts. Terms and Definitions. See Concentric Reducer. Ultrasonic Testing: A method of non-destructive examination of solid metal bodies utilizing high-frequency sound waves that allows the discovery and identification of internal anomalies by measurement of the reflection of the sound waves. including internal parts.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 32/36 . (Anomalies. 2HM: A short term form of expression for ASTM specification for nuts. Tubing: Pipe suspended in a well bore. in this case. 2H. and 248 HV represent the important upper hardness limit for non austenitic steel for H2S service See all hardness related definitions specified in NACE MRO175 and referenced in API Spec 6A. http://www. 2H nuts have standard service and low temperature application. 99 RB. Some authorities may offer slightly different equivalent hardness numbers. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Tree Cap: See Top Connector Tree Top: See Top Connector Trim: A general term used to describe the metallurgy and other material considerations used when specifying pressure control equipment. for use in particularly corrosive environments. Glossary. See Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights for commonly available sizes. When specifications require B7M or L7M studs.com/flgterms. Tubing Head: A single unit of equipment attached above the Casing Head and the smallest Casing String.

Terms and Definitions. These washers. allow the nut bearing face to make a 100% flat contact against the load bearing surface under the nut. The most common standardized inch bolt thread for heavy duty fasteners used for rapid assembly. Valve: A unit of pressure controlling equipment with a bore ( Run ) between End Connections containing a closing mechanism to stop and seal any flow through the bore. Spherical: http://www. Volumetric Examination: A nondestructive means of examining Material throughout its volume (or section) for the purpose of detecting any internal Discontinuities that may require evaluation by references to Acceptance Criteria. that fluid passes through the inside of a pipe or tube. in form and pitch.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness Washers. and the other having a convex face. nested together with a nut. Glossary. when the nut and equipment surfaces are not parallel.S.) This method of inspection requires special calibration samples for the type of material and shape examined. and carry the designation 8UN. 33/36 . Made in: See Made in U. but outside the Unified System.A.g. UNC: Unified National Coarse. Washers.3/7/2014 API Related. WOODCO USA of the sound waves.com/flgterms.woodcousa. Fluid: The speed. USA. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. Standards define anomalies discovered by this method as acceptable or unacceptable based on size and location. defined as any interruption of regularity. usually measured in feet per second. 1-1/8" x 8 TPI threads and all larger bolts threaded 8 TPI fall outside the Unified System. in this case. designed for use in pairs (2). e. (Anomalies. UN: National Coarse threads. one having a concave face on one side. Velocity. 1" x 8 TPI threads fall within the UNC System.

Glossary. Welding Procedure Specification: (WPS) A written document giving all necessary parameters and directions to make production or field welds meeting specified requirements. Welding procedure performance assumes welding by a Qualified Welder. WNRF: When applied to flanges. the ground surface or sea floor. IX ART. this means: Weld Neck Ring Type Joint. WN: When applied to flanges.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 34/36 .com/flgterms.woodcousa. Reference ASME SEC. Wing Unions: See Hammer Unions. The WPS includes a reference to the Procedure Qualification Record (PQR). and above. Weld Overlay: See Overlay. Well Wetted: Any part of pressure control or pressure containing equipment that has contact with pressurized well fluid. II Wellhead: All of the equipment attached above the Casing used to control a well.3/7/2014 API Related. Workover: The process of re-entering an existing well to perform a remedial action that will restore or improve the commercial production of oil and/or gas. WNRTJ: When applied to flanges. Weld Inlay: See Inlay. Working Pressure: See Maximum Service Pressure. Terms and Definitions. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. this means: Weld Neck. WOODCO USA Wear Bushing: A removable insert used inside a Casing Head or Casing Spool during drilling operations to prevent damage to casing suspension and sealing surfaces. Weld Neck: An extended prolongation on a flange or other fitting with a bevel prepared for butt weld connection to pipe or another fitting with a similar beveled prolongation. That portion of the completed well at. this means: Weld Neck Raised Face. Withdrawn: Industry standardized products or equipment documented in once published specifications that the issuing Standards organization has declined to reaffirm. http://www.

Terms and Definitions.woodcousa. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.com More Website Tools Home Top of Page Information above. and you think WOODCO USA may have the capacity to answer it. and in other parts of this Web Site. Yield Strength: The stress (load) at which a Material elongates or stretches enough that after removal or release of this stress the material will not return to its original length or size. At WOODCO USA the same knowledge and effort we put into this web site goes into every product we sell. OR TO LEARN MORE ABOUT WOODCO USA PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. The unit has hoisting capability and can remove and reinstall the well production tubing and perform other services. Designates the freezing temperature of water on the centigrade scale. please use our Contact Us link and give us a chance to help. Anyone making use of the information presented does so at his own risk and assumes any and all liability resulting from such use. Users of these tools should not use them as a substitute for professional engineering advice. XXH: See Double Extra Strong. that can perform re-entry of existing oil and/or gas wells. 0: See Zero. may help persons who really seek to know. If this Web Site helps you. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment. usually as a self propelled unit. or persons for whom you have responsibility. WOODCO USA Workover Rig: A specialized assembly of machinery. Do not use this information for manufacturing or inspection. Zero: Also.com/flgterms.woodcousa. http://www. XH: See Extra Strong. estimating. XXXH: See Triple Extra Strong.3/7/2014 API Related. © 2014 www. Glossary. XXXS: See Triple Extra Strong. Indicates the absence of any amount in measurement. and reference only.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 35/36 . usually expressed in ksi. XS: See Extra Strong. 0. WOODCO USA provides Web Site Tools for identification. Xylan: See Fluoropolymer Coating. XXS: See Double Extra Strong. If you have a question. please reward WOODCO USA with your business.

woodcousa. Glossary. Terms and Definitions.3/7/2014 API Related.O.woodcousa. WOODCO USA USA PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. Box 1261 Houston. Oilfield Pressure Control Equipment.com http://www. CONTACT: WOODCO USA P.htm#Rockwell_B_Hardness 36/36 .com/flgterms. Texas 77251-1261 Phone: 713-672-9491 USA and Canada: 1-800-496-6326 Fax: 713-672-8768 www.