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Section introductions: 750 words maximum.

First Program- European Pioneers
-Short animated films, Quirino Cristiani, 1919-1924
-Cigars Factory Fernandez and Sust, commercial short film, Federico Valle, 1929.
-Entre los hielos de las Islas Orcadas, Antártica, Federico Valle y José Manuel Moneta, 1927.
Second Program- Creole Pioneers
-La mosca y sus peligros, Martínez, Cairo, 1921
-La vuelta al bulín, José Agustín Ferreyra, 1926

Argentine Silent Cinema
In Buenos Aires the first news about the Cinemathographe Lumiere arrived soon after the first show in
Paris, when local newspaper La Prensa published an article about it in April 3rd 1896. On July 4th, the local
newspaper La Tribuna gave it the name of Vivomatografo. The same year, pioneer Enrique de Mayrena
imported the first camera for screening movies, with material shot by British film pioneer Willam Paul.
Later on, the Cinematographe Lumiere, brought by Francisco Pastor, and Edison´s Vitascope, presented
by Federico Figner, made its way to the country too.
Enrique Lepage, Eugenio Py and Max Glücksamann were the precursors of a national film production. In
1900, Gregorio Ortuño opened the first movie theatre “El Nacional”. A number of new theatres opened
after that. In Octobre, Py filmed the arrival of Brazilian elected President, in El viaje a Buenos Aires del Dr.
Campos Salles. It is the oldest argentine film that steel exists, and it was probably the first local newsreel.
From 1907 to 1910, Glücksmann produced several sonorized short films with the help of wax cylinders. In
1908, he built, “El ateneo”, the first luxurious movie palace, con Corrientes Avenue.
Italian citizen Mario Gallo was the director of La revolución de Mayo (1909, 10 min) considered to be our
first fiction film. Nobleza Gaucha (1915) was the first film portraying the contrast between the city and the
countryside. With Humberto Cairo, Eduardo Martinez de la Pera and Ernesto Günche as directores, it
became the first local blockbuster.
Several production companies opened in the late teens and early twenties, though financing and technical
equipment were hard to get.
In 1916, Italian citizen Federico Valle begun production of Film Revista Valle, the most important newsreel
of the silent period, and movies as the success Milonguita (1921), travelogues as Por tierras Argentinas
(1929) or scientific films as Entre los hielos de las islas Orcadas (1927). He also produced the animated
films of Quirino Cristiani.

La vuelta al bulín by José Agustín Ferreyra the most important argentine director from the silent period. The extraordinary discovery was even more extraordinary because the last note of every newsreel was an animated cartoon draw by the pioneer Quirino Cristiani. A beautiful commercial film from an old Cigars Factory. The distribution of foreign films was significantly encouraged by the success of Hollywood. At Pordenone 2015 we are screening a small part of that production. La mosca y sus peligros. from the man who directed the first animated feature film ever made in 1917 El apostol. released in1920 and the first one to be shot and screened weekly. only a few of these films survive preserved by Museo del Cine and the National Archives. Quirino Cristiani. Andrés Levinson (Museo del Cine) and film collector Fernando Martín Peña. the country had seven million inhabitants and a thousand movie theatres. and others through different film collectors that decided to contribute with our cause. First Program. give access to a wide audience to this rare and old films. but recently some of them were found in Peña Rodriguez Collection at Museo del Cine (the same collection were Metropolis was found in 2008). and an extraordinary adventure in Antártica. Newsreels reviewed Argentine social and political life during the first decades of the twentieth century. the only ones that survived from that period. Director: Federico Valle Year: 1925 Production: Cinematografía Valle Gauge: 35mm . and Film Revista Valle (Valle Magazine Film). Unfortunately. whose feature films from the silent period remain completely lost. that looks like a horror film really. This films where discovered and preserved during the last years thanks to Paula Félix-Didier (Director Museo del Cine). However during the last years twelve different editions of Film Revista Valle where found at Museo del fin del Mundo in Ushuaia. a short comedy. As happens in the rest of the world most of those films remain lost. 1919-1924 Newsreels represented a significant amount of Argentine Film production during the silent period (18961932).European Pioneers Short animated films. and up to this discovery we didn´t know about his participation in Film Revista Valle. Two of these newsreels are remarkable due to the quality and quantity of their production: Actualidades Argentinas (Argentine Current Affairs). some short animated films by the pioneer Quirino Cristiani. while local production continue increasing the numbers of films. shot in 1927 by argentine scientist José Manuel Moneta who was inspired in Flaherty´s Nanook of the North. (Andrés Levinson). released in 1915. A scientific film. known as “the Griffith of the pampas”.By 1920. We are screening this animations in 35mm for the first time.

but that year a big fire took place at the Valle Studios burning this first version. Flaherty’s documentary Nanook. commercial short film. but in a recent research made by the Museo del Cine Pablo Ducrós Hicken a hidden copy appeared and it was preserved in a new 35mm negative. The preservation was made in a color negative film so as to preserve the original color. It’s a beautiful commercial film manufactured by Cinematografía Valle. Its director wasn’t a filmmaker. The tinted base on the nitrate copy remains in perfect condition. Director: Federico Valle Year: 1929 Production: Cinematografía Valle Gauge: 35mm Projection speed: 24fps Tinted Languaje: Spanish Entre los hielos de las Islas Orcadas. So Moneta had to film the whole . This short film is another recent discovery made by Fernando Martín Peña. said meteorologist and filmmaker José Manuel Moneta in his book “Four years at the Orkney”. 1929. The film Entre los hielos de las Islas Orcadas (In between the South Orkney Islands’ Ices) by José Manuel Moneta is the very first production shot in this Antarctic region.Projection speed: 24fps B&W Languaje: Spanish Cigars Factory Fernandez and Sust. I didn’t miss any opportunity to bring on film the most prominent actions of our life there and that’s how day after day. I was filling metal canisters with filmed tape for the first time in such place”. 1927 “I was focused in obtaining cinematographic shootings of the most relevant episodes and manifestations of the Orcadian life. of the North (1922). The company accepted and the film was ready around 1926. The film has a very singular story behind. This 1928 Argentine movie was lost for many decades. This photographic activity increased notably my occupation time there. Moneta asked the film company Cinematográfica Valle to borrow enough camera stuff to make a film in the Islas Orcadas (South Orkneys Islands). Antártica. (Andrés Levinson). Probably it’s the only one of his kind that still survives in Argentina. he decided to show his deep southern experiences in a film. in fact he was a meteorologist who made several Antarctic expeditions. even without having any previous experience in this field. Federico Valle y José Manuel Moneta. Inspired by Robert J. Federico Valle.

Flies were a popular subject of silent films and there are more than a dozen titles featuring them in the teens and early twenties. are present too. Finally the film had its premiere in Buenos Aires in 1927. in this case with a touch of comedy. the biggest blockbuster of Argentinean silent cinema. Ferreyra suggests tango with the title. Also. 1921 (The dangers of the fly) The dangers of the fly is an educational film made by Ernesto Günche and Eduardo Martínez de la Pera. Spanish -La vuelta al bulín. always willing to try new gadgets and techniques. which are considered lost. The film was considered lost for many years until a hidden copy suddenly was found three years ago by film historian Andrés again in his next Antarctic expedition in 1927. the repented outlaws who search redemption. Director: Federico Valle Year: 1927 Production: Cinematografía Valle Gauge: 35mm Projection speed: 24fps B&W Languaje: Spanish Second Program. in contrast to those characters representing the idle. opulent downtown life. Cairo. also responsible for Gaucho Nobility (1915). The film is set in a downtown café and a bulín (slang for an apartment reserved for . This films experiments with microphotography in the style of Jean Comandon´s films for Pathé and it is part of a series which included a film about mosquitoes and paludism and another one about cancer. 1926 (Back to the Bulín) In this films José Ferreyra presents monologues and tango scenes performed by comic actor Alvaro Escobar. Same as in all of his other films. Martínez. the representatives of the good.Creole Pioneers -La mosca y sus peligros. De la Pera was a talented photographer. Director: Eduardo Martínez and Humberto Cairo Year: 1921 Production: Martínez & Cairo Gauge: 35mm Projection Speed: 24fps B&W Languaje. The typical suburban characters. José Agustín Ferreyra. (Paula Félix-Didier).

It presents few exterior scenes. Pulguita (Little Flea). slang for arrogant) a conceited. seduced by Lacuha Colorada (Red Rat). both paradigmatic tango spaces. braggart and lazy petty thief. with whom she runs downtown. It´s the story of Mucha Espuma (“Frothy”. who boasts about subduing his wife. which are inserts form other films of the same director. (Fernando Martín Peña) Director: José Ferreyra Year: 1926 Production: Gauge: 35mm Projection speed: 24fps B&W Languaje: Spanish . she goes back to the bulín in her neighborhood. she´s way different form the little subjugated women he describes at the café and abandons him. and the effect of regrets. But after a series of unexpected events. However.romantic encounters).

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