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Important

Events

Stage

Basic Conflict

Infancy (birth to
18 months)

Trust vs. Mistrust Feeding

Early Childhood
(2 to 3 years)

Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and
Autonomy vs.
Toilet Training a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure
Shame and Doubt
results in feelings of shame and doubt.

Preschool (3 to 5
years)

Initiative vs. Guilt Exploration

School Age (6 to 11 Industry vs.
years)
Inferiority

School

Outcome
Children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliabilty, care, and
affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.

Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment.
Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too
much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.
Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads
to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.

Adolescence (12 to Identity vs. Role Social
18 years)
Confusion
Relationships

Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to
an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a
weak sense of self.

Young Adulthood Intimacy vs.
(19 to 40 years)
Isolation

Relationships

Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people.
Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and
isolation.

Middle Adulthood Generativity vs.
(40 to 65 years)
Stagnation

Work and
Parenthood

Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having
children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success
leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in
shallow involvement in the world.

Maturity(65 to
death)

Ego Integrity vs. Reflection on
Despair
Life

Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success
at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret,
bitterness, and despair.

The stages
Approximate
Age[2]

Virtues

Psycho Social Crisis
[3]

Significant
Relationship[2]

Basic Trust vs.
Mother
Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame
Parents
and Doubt

0–2 years

Hopes

2–4 years

Will

4–5 years

Purpose

5–12 years

Competence Industry vs. Inferiority Neighbors, School

13–19 years

Fidelity

20–24 years

Love

25–64 years

Care

65-death

Wisdom

Initiative vs. Guilt

Identity vs. Role
Confusion
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Generativity vs.
Stagnation
Ego Integrity vs.
Despair

Family

Existential Question[2]
Can I Trust the World?

Examples[2]
Feeding, Abandonment

Toilet Training, Clothing
Themselves
Is It Okay For Me To Do, Move Exploring, Using Tools or
and Act?
Making Art
Can I Make It In The World Of
School, Sports
People And Things?
Is It Okay To Be Me?

Peers, Role Model

Who Am I? What Can I Be?

Social Relationships

Friends, Partners
Household,
Workmates

Can I Love?

Romantic Relationships

Can I Make My Life Count?

Work, Parenthood

Mankind, My Kind

Is It Okay To Have Been Me?

Reflection on Life