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BEES AND BIODIVERSITY

Matija Golub
Biodiversity is one of the fundamental laws of nature, and its
preservation is of utmost importance. During the last seventy years, it
has been disrupted by human influence, and attempts have been made
to restore it via various projects. Apart from other pollinators, one of the
most important factors of ecosystem biodiversity is the common bee.
In the course of the 20th century and with the rapid development of
science (and its utilization), the number of bees has started to deteriorate
due to insecticides and interference by radiowaves. The deterioration of
their numbers is steadily increasing to this day, significantly impacting
biodiversity.
In order to understand the importance of bees in biodiversity, we must
first define biodiversity itself. The easiest definition, in layman's terms,
would be „the natural diversity of all living organisms“. The organisms
provide „ecosystem services“ such as the production of oxygen,
pollination, water purification, food production, et cetera. Needless to say,
biodiversity is important- it has an ethical value (conservation of species),
an economic value (raw materials, food production), and an ecological
value. These values make biodiversity indispensable to mankind.
As the most important pollinators, we rely heavily on bees. We depend
on them for 30% of our food; including tree fruit, soft fruit, market garden
food, and others. If they were to disappear completely, many countries
would have to import food and other good on a much larger scale. For
example, Belgium would have to import an extra 40% of its food with all
the ensuing negative effects on energy consumption, economy, health, et
cetera. A recent study at the University of Reading, England, concluded
that Europe would need another 13.4 million collonies of bees for all the
crops to be properly pollinated- that's roughly 7 billion bees.

biodiversity is an important thing humanity couldn't exist without in a lot of ways. Occasionally. Biodiversity could be immensely disrupted by an extinction of any species. Works cited: http://www. and this results in their death in most scenarios.usda. it's extremely labour-intensive. yet it would be most hurt by the disappearance of bees. The species in question give us medicines.za/index. The queen and the nurses cannot care for themselves. they also indirectly impact the quality of our water.htm?docid=15572 http://sos-bees.co.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder http://www.beeodiversity. it also pays off to protect the bees from an economical standpoint.org/causes/ https://www. To conclude. Sadly.com/en/issue/issue-pollination-biodiversity-and-our-well-being http://www. slow and expensive.org/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-07/official/sbstta-07-09-add1-en. The solution for this is being worked on. The global value of the services pollinators provide is estimated to 153 billion Euros per year. due to a phenomenon called CCD – Colony Collapse Disorder.gov/News/docs. While hand-pollination is possible. since 84% of species we cultivate depend on pollinators. this is a very possible scenario. Bees are underestimated factors in the grand scheme of things.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=42:honeybees-show-impact-of-biodiversity-loss&catid=4:in-my-view&Itemid=19 http://www. foodstuffs for livestock. for that matter. raw materials. The main culprit behind this is thought to be pesticide poisoning. As pollinators help conserve flora and fauna. biofuels and food.biodiv.wildernessfoundation.The economic value of bees isn't to be underestimated. the majority of worker bees in a colony will disappear and leave the queen and the nurse bees behind. especially economically and ecologically. which harms bees worldwide. and their disappearance would have considerable repercussions for all of mankind and other species.epa. soil fertility. therefore.ars.doc%7C . though.or any other pollinator. and climate regulation.