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The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX Network


Technical Research

The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX
Prepared by: Xieguozhu Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd.

MIMO ( Multiple Input Multiple Output ) Technology, as the great breakthrough in the
telecommunication industry, has been grabbing the attention of the vast researchers all
around the world. This article discusses and analyzes the application of MIMO
technology in the mobile WiMAX network, from the angle of the improvement of network
coverage, the enhancement of system capacity, the reduction of network construction
cost and etc, with the reference of Huawei system simulation and field test results.

In the recent years, the number of bandwidth subscribers in the traditional wired network
is increasing significantly, so is the 3G mobile network subscribers. The increasing
requirement of the market about the mobile bandwidth usage provides the wireless
broadband access technology an enormous room of expansion.

WiMAX 802.16e has been chosen by more and more operator as the primary access
technology for the fixed and mobile broadband network, and hence to provide the
abundance of high-broadband multimedia services. This phenomenon imposed the great
challenges to the wireless network operators where they have to ameliorate their network
capacity, subscribers’ throughput, and network coverage quality, in order to establish and
maintain their business model. Nevertheless, the application of MIMO technology helps
the WiMAX 802.16e to confront the challenges and hence to expand the WiMAX network

Huawei Confidential

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and hence reduce the cost of network construction and maintenance. and will support MIMO Matrix B and MIMO Matrix C in the September of 2008. From the point of view of a traditional single antenna system. The WiMAX 802. Matrix B and Matrix C. SM(Spatial Multiplexing)and Adaptive MIMO Switch. The Perfect Integration of MIMO & OFDMA 2016-2-25 Huawei Confidential Page 2 . This implementation can enhance the network coverage significantly and improve the WiMAX system capacity.16e system.16e defines 3 types of MIMO technology. MIMO technology can be implemented together with OFDMA technology in the WiMAX 802. MIMO technology can improve the spectral efficiency significantly. which are Matrix A.16 system of Huawei are currently support MIMO Matrix A. and thus enable the system to transmit the higher rate of data services using the limited wireless bandwidth. which are STTD ( Space Time Transmit Diversity).The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX Network Internal MIMO indicates the multiple antennas in the transmitter and receiver sides where the signal is transmitted and received through the multiple transmitters and receivers and in the end. and 3 types of encoding matrixes. improve the service quality of every subscriber. The figure below shows the MIMO system with N transmitters and M receivers: MIMO System with N Transmitters and M Receivers WiMAX 802.

how to enhance the network coverage becomes one of the great challenges WiMAX encounters. And here. and also improve the system reliability and stability thorough the diversity. Enhance the Network Coverage Significantly The transmission loss of WiMAX 802. In addition. where the other communication systems normally implement the balancing technology to solve the frequency selective fading in the MIMO system. For the MIMO technology under STTD model. The mobile communication of next generation requires the technology with high spectral efficiency. by integrating the MIMO technology with the OFDMA technology. MIMO system can overcome the multi-path loss. Hence. This can enable the single frequency network which utilizing the broadband OFDMA and MIMO system to overcome the shadow fading. the integration of MIMO and OFDMA technologies can provide the data transmission with higher rate. where the system would not be interfered by the inter-coding interference provided the multi-path latency is smaller than the guard interval. In conclusion. The perfect integration of MIMO and OFDMA ( Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access ) enable the advantages of MIMO technology to be implemented more explicitly.16e system is higher than the other mobile network systems due to its higher frequency band used. and finally to realize the seamless network coverage. but still helpless in the frequency selective fading. the cell coverage radius can be improved through the 2016-2-25 Huawei Confidential Page 3 . On the other hand. the OFDMA technology can overcome the frequency selective fading. MIMO technology indeed helps a lot in enhancing the network coverage. the spectral efficiency can be enhanced without increasing the system bandwidth. but the OFDMA has a limited capability in enhancing the spectral efficiency.The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX Network Internal MIMO can be implemented in all of the wireless communication technologies. Hence. OFDMA has the strong ability to overcome the multi-path inference because of its low coding rate and the embedded time guard interval.

Japan. the cell coverage radius can be improved indirectly through STTD gain from the enhancement of cell edge data rate. For the MIMO technology under SM model. the system throughput and spectral efficiency can be improved by utilizing the high modulation scheme. the system of 2T2R ( 2 Transmitters 2 Receivers) MIMO has a coverage gain of 2 ~ 10dB compared with SISO(Single Input Single Output)under the STTD and Adaptive MIMO Switch models. to run the field test of MIMO on-site implementation effect.The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX Network Internal STTD gain. Improve the System Capacity WiMAX 802. where the coverage radius improves 50%~90%.16e system to enhance the 2016-2-25 Huawei Confidential Page 4 . which enable the subscribers to stay online all the time. For the MIMO technology under the Adaptive MIMO Switch model.16e system provides a high data throughput with high mobility. For the MIMO technology under the Adaptive MIMO Switch model. and enjoy the broadband experience even at the mobility situation. the cell center works on the SM model while the cell edge works on the STTD model. its coverage gain is similar with the gain of STTD’s because the cell edge works under the STTD model. The MIMO technology under the SM model can double the system throughput and spectral efficiency. the cell edge can obtain the coverage gain of 3~5dB indirectly. the coverage radius of WiMAX 802. On the other hand. hence the improvement of system throughput and spectral efficiency are between the effect of STTD and SM.16e system can be enhanced by utilizing MIMO Matrix A technology. In August of year 2007. and double the single user data peak rate as well. From the Huawei system simulation result. Huawei incorporate with a local operator JCOM in Tokyo. under the SM model. The implementation of OFDMA and MIMO enable the WiMAX 802. The field test results show that. and hence the number of base station needed for the network construction can be reduced in a large extent. MIMO can enhance the cell edge coverage probability as well. For the MIMO technology under the STTD model.

the WiMAX system downlink throughput was improved 55%. and also helps to provide a low-cost network construction solution in the earlier stage in suburban and rural areas by providing the biggest coverage with least number of base station. from the installation and maintenance wise. AAS requires the antenna with at least 4 beamwidth and bigger space. AAS antenna weight more than the common antenna. such as AAS ( Adaptive Antenna System. while uplink throughput was improved up to 33%. AAS antenna also requires more feeder compared to the traditional antenna. On the other hand. which require the tougher antenna installation work. However. there are more high-end subscribers and hence the requirement of system throughput and data peak is higher as well. double the data peak rate of subscriber. which may lead to the capacity-limited phenomenon. the number of base station can be reduced around 25%. the coverage radius can be improved at least 50% and the coverage area of a single can be improved approaching 100% by utilizing the MIMO technology. and at the same time. and this will lead to more installation works and wider cable rack. In the cases of coverage-limited. MIMO has more advantages of the capacity gain in the city areas compared with the other multiple antenna technologies.The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX Network Internal spectral efficiency up to the maximum extent and to provide the high quality mobile video and television services which requires a high speed and wide bandwidth. From the Huawei system simulation result. which helps a lot in reducing the cost of high traffic network construction or network expansion. it shows that the system throughput can be enhanced around 30 ~ 60% after implementing MIMO 2x2 Matrix B technology. Reduce the Cost of Network Construction and Maintenance In the dense urban and CBD areas. or Advanced Antenna System). Besides. after utilizing the MIMO Matrix B technology. and in the capacity-limited cases. This helps to save up to 40% ~ 60% number of base station. and it’s bulky volume performs weak in the 2016-2-25 Huawei Confidential Page 5 .

and the way of enhancing the network coverage with the fixed number of base station. 2016-2-25 Huawei Confidential Page 6 . are the main problems need to be concerned in the future communication network construction. it can reduce the cost of network construction and maintenance. WiMAX 802. and hence it saves the cost of antenna installation and maintenance effectively. And finally. in addition. Conclusion The rapid development of broadband data subscribers and mobile communication subscribers. by strengthen the system differentiation ability in space. to enhance the spectral efficiency and improve the network coverage and capacity at the same time. it’s easier to be planned and maintained. antenna space consumption.16e system to become the most competitive wireless broadband access technology.16e system introduces the MIMO technology. the trend of moving from narrow band voice communication to broadband high speed data communication. MIMO requires less number of antenna compared with AAS. where one dual-polarization antenna with ±45 degree is sufficient to support a 2x2 MIMO technology. with the integration of OFDMA. hence it has a lower requirement in antenna installation work.The Application of MIMO Technology in Mobile WiMAX Network Internal areas with strong wind due to its poor counter-wind ability. and enable WiMAX 802. the way to improve the network capacity in a fixed spectral resources.