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BEIJINC LAhIGUAGE AND CULTLT{.E


UNIVERSITY PRESS

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(1)

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1. g-4N'

2. *4UZ

(&

3. {.

bidnhud

to change;

shji

sllmnler vacarion

hi

rl-*o; as

d. fi )
-jlj

still;

4. Lb
5. AP

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(#)

6.

( y'|

Fi

r.:iranre

we}i; roo; in adcliti.cn;

yet

bI

drn; ( superior or in{:erior)

rnku

1:opulation

zui

mnsr; best; ieasr; to rire higii-

ro

est o lowest clegree

'd.
8. H zt,

G)
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g. ,+-t

(dJ. &)

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16. T-t7. nX-n ( &)
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18. kn
( l*. F=)
19. ?fr+l
20. nA
i)
L4.

chngshi
zngjio
jidnzh

to i*crease

guq

past

bidn
gng
pidoliong

cirr

to cclnstrucr; archirecru:e

to change; ro l:ecome different


mor-e; even rore
l:eautifr*

dngtion

.n

nunhuo

wann

kshi
nunqj
tinqi
ybdo
q)wn

inter

bur

ileating ( si,stem)
r,r,earher

ro forer:asr; forecasr
tempt-'rature

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/--

21. r

('lYn)

goo

ttril; liigh

ciegtee

23.

E+

()

wzi

rootll

24.

( 291.

gnju

to f'eel; sen$e

.J- -->
2s. '&)

(4)

jitng

faniil.,

26. tr*48

()

ruguon

hotc"l

27. +-re

(!{,)

fndidn

hotel;

28. 4_

(&,

farn; to inclulge in ; to le cra4

na
LL.

>

,/->1-

-t1?.

=*r* ./

lr
r)

6n)

restau-ra,nt

airout

29. x,

30. e,n+

31.

#*

32. rfl,+"

guong

only

( ,tT )

yx

perhaps; rnaylle; p.rol:al:ly

{&i
(&- fri)

gdin

ciassical

xidndi

modern times; modeni

Eiilj

33.

trF

{&)

shiji

world

34.

.z

(&)

mngq

a fmous song or melod,v

3s. F.,t

(&)

mng

foik song

i6. irf"4i

(ffi)

lixng

popular

37.

{t

()

gq

s()ng

38.

+#

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nronqrng

yoilng

3s. LtiJ

(&)

gecl

verse

40.

(,ft)

yuxi

s0ine

4t.
.4.

ftT)

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clistart

r
r
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rl
rl
rl

Zhsht

ffi r.{otes
ould

T
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f*m

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means

7f[ ffi f'+ii,


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"it's not very easy to describe".

"" ,

ErJi]"

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music.

e*E fu1#vJbvw.pli&F" 'Bj^E +y

bltulxt-, {E,.,}E.L ' ttfrx#-" FJ!fr


"8" is an adverb here, which indicates that a choice is made after compari,

son of two things. Sometimes the object of comparison does not appear

in the sentence

but there is such an object in the mind of the speaker, e. g.

(1) A: *"{n*-L-)+4..fr_*+?

B: ++* +oe'o
(2) *.'fn++e, )(+ *oe' (4.Jgndi4eift++
"

(3

rl
rl

changed tremendously

'; n

!ffiT LLw)

) *++rk.+4+ F.. . ( -brr,,ft,fr4,1ffi,fr +t&Trtfi)

sayf

I still prefer classical

r
t
T
t

in

these years.

"8,r1+"

,1,H,8 "&.fr.)LF,, o FlEftid )L,,

"tl+"

means

"&jtn+"

.,(in recent years).

" in this context refers to an approximate

tE*JtHffJLtr"
Beijing)

, " L"

&gtm to DJT,I

T."

interrogative pronoun

number below 10. In the text

"tffi,|ft

(The temperature in Shanghai is a few degrees higher than in

is also an approximate number.

.5.

/9

14s'

The temperature

in

Shanghai is a lot higher than that

in Beijing.

..... -'4+4" H7Ebbfi6l+, #6#ryJ2tEl t*5lJ7t"

"4+"'*"

s used in a comparative construction, suggesting that the difference

between two things is vast.

1) it4+ vv..nls4+fti ? "


(2) it++i. E]"vflls+ x4+ t

"

lEl iFi* Yr @ Grammar


@ " !b"

+fi

The " bv"

sentence

ttfrffi+S{/JZl1'i5HfH " bq" ?H' A LL B""'o


The "

Lb"

sentence is used to show the difference between two persons or things

through a comparison in the pattern " A

(1)

bV

8,....."

\+)Lvu"ia1+,1*"

(2) /

( xlgu

(3) X*-

( ooxiang: elephant)

watermelon)

tb+Ri(.
bU'F.l (xingmo: panda)

"

@ew
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In a " th" sentence, if the predicate is an adjective, it cannot be preceded
"lFH" etc. , e. g.
such adverbs as "48" , '",

by

7FEiI,: x n *x.YU)"1,+4k+*."
x

/B+RlRri"

bv,

(4) *t,,'t,*..tk+F..
(s

) d bi- xk+ 4 "

iH+ai"fffi)Ltt#+l.lF, " fun q.utlfrdjiFli, rEEIrfE+l,iFf . MJgn,


If the v"rb h"s'a complement of state " W"" can be placed either before the verb
7

or before the complement, e. g.


(6

) 4&-vY 4 4+*T " / 4&,+ 4+ rb *. if "

(7) *.4x-

/t; ffi "*",

vu,4t.*4++

"'4+*".

,.-

" /#,+k*4+vy,{&+ "

**7"

+##.FU:." t|in,

.7.

When we want to tell the difference of things in a rough rraffrer, we use

tr-b"
(8

"4+9"

- "*7"

for Limited difference,

and"$"

) i)4+R-^

R-vuJb,t n4"-,F* JL?

"*,R)L"

for huge fference, .8.

(e) i*.'f+tbfll(4+ 9 -t "


(

10) *t&,4+!b*.'l*,4+ ?

,,bL"

!68 *IFH", AE

The negative form for "

(11

"AYV"

l(" is " ]ftfi-" ,

"

MIJfuN

not " /bL"

e. 8-

) a+/rtb r(+,1*. ---+ r(+tt4-n +J'I*o

(12) /Lb+Rjio
( 13

"

X-vu'ftUfi

---+

+Xjk-/ii"

" -+ F. )k- X*

"

"7yv,"

" AAL|.. 8......" is only

used to express disagreement or refutation.

(14) A *"fr4evY'-h-tu "


B

*"x

vu4,a

(15) A +X-.L

4X,

" ?"{nm -^ 9 "

t{fr" .
}i+^vY-U',814".

vU,Jb,

@ e H/;ftHB (EL/FA)
thn]

"A'

The verb

.8.

+frtFrl

...as...as.../not as-..as...

tz\S- 'f"

uH"

may be used to denote

"as... as... "

I
I
I
I
I
I

t
t
ll
t
t
r
T
t
t
T

t
t
I

FX,*H TBt hlEIF. l{

f ffis.

; 6 *,*ffi

The affirmative form is normally used in questions or rhetorical questions while the
negative form is used mostly in indicative sentences, e. g.
(

1) A: **'4R (sZ ) "4t


B *,r4.*\ ('a) "

(2) A 4&iLtr.+

4+,F"

A ++?

B: #"rk4,+*4+ (fllsA) *f .
(3) *"4nrF/L+RrA.rS.,U

w "E".fH 'Et" "E


.Ezs

vY,lJit"

('LA) A.

(more)" and " (most)"

i( *-vu,E-iio

i(-

8-&x"

g#

ww

+Rlbffi " /!b+Rq-. /.

j1+

vY,

4i +

,lk

" a +/r vY,i.1+ E-,bt o a +tL&,|*..

ffi@

-9.

nt of quantity
bL

"

&s

+2 il

fr

. fE tr ! E'f+ 5lJ Ft ffi ffi

+ I'

iF

"

& + l' iF g rtMEME i-'l

iFJS'

A complement of quantity is used to show specific difference(s) in quantity or degree between two things.

complement of this type is placed after an adjective. The

grammatical order:

1) y

2)

! vY-,*"a,4+'l*.f+4.+"

4vV tr"

tr" Xr

y.

Hn!6ltzs/*FX,
Exclamatory r".r,"rraes express exclamations.

@ x,rg

+M

/H (.) + Adjective
(1) Ji.*fT !

(too)

(2) l*t!
(3)

'ii.,rUtt4

/*FN6J ffiTlEXNffi5

" MJ!n,

Exclamatory sentences are not used in objective descriptions, e. g.

z * 4k- + +*?t, *rf


^Eifi,

jar{", 4fr-* +4k*? frI +')F .

W fite +ft26ld
*T (so) / * (how) + Adjective

. 10.

"

"

trxHn

"

[FE["

Exclamatory sentences with the pattern often have an "


(1

) 4,8 4+ t *f-"H

(2) 4-z}E*f
(3

ffih

iF'
( 1)

e. g.

7FE'FI

) 4&"fr, i*.-{_gtrt4t1;t E 4+ 9 *t,W

Eil#.a

[[!]" at the end,

Lidnx @ Exercises
Phonetics

+#$+iJE Pronunciations and tones

chngshi
ybdo
fdndidn
mngq

chngsh
yibdo
fngjin
mngqi

tinqi
qiwn
chdngpidn
lixng

didnqi

qwn
chngjidn
lxng

(2) BEi* Read out the following phrases

{A

t*.*.

FJ&

i,El#- #$

a4+t xi+g +t4+4 t4+g

-K+rtlbR+,R
w #lblK #,+4+*t
hrt,rp,l+'b*",i* i
4x:'v'HF knfr"
gA
(

)*;i4+4

i( +fkn+A,i*
rK

#jkw #+4+*t

.r+ra,4+ybt_.fug:1*.

+khlJ navu,BFR

ffi tr-

Substitution exercises

1) A: +4t. Al+?
B: f4tblrls++f ".
.

11 .

t
I
I
t
(2)

A{+ii

i*4+rA. n14+fr

:'v'nr4*fr,4t
"

I
I

,l

,I
,l
(3) A nF)L#-te uaagt
B

vY,lV,,-ft4+

t.

'l

I
. 12.

(4) *"Bi"gliruf"

(s)

A
B

41,4t#*4i*tt
#,ik+,4+*t.

ilLY
XffrY " (*"rU4.*tffrg.)

(6) A 4kvu''B

. 13.

# tiag*

(1)

Choose the right words to

+*fr

4&.

(2) +\4n

A*#r+f-lbiL

(3) *"4n

l!t-

fill in the blanks

R-fcrL'F.

f+*f'Ft +"

,*

(4) 4&-,fr-* ,tX-i


+&-q

r^6&fr

(s)

*;k_

(6)

E*--_{-str

4&nF

fr-Hft.!

,m,-g

X-tl,-vY'&

"

+;kR{t, *"-rk-

4t

"

(7)
(8)

(1) Jb it Bdi",fll nF tt'


(2) *"*n*nrt,*\"
(3)

4k+r* *tsvu*,fu41

(4) 'M]'Y,'*"fu+
(5) i{.4+{ th.nv-]'un!4+
(6) E

4+ #J fr.l'uflfs4+

(7) B -I'&#rniePblb
(8)
14.

+kklliftv\wF X

,l

,l

F
tr
l'f

h
h
h
I

(1) 66-+R*rslLnk

_f

t)t, +ir

+t _f

(2)

/g_nx,*&-, *Toh?
nfrj -@, &_ort,l"
*,F
*f -.^.
L&#J*\%*f --, +X-*.
&fr_4k r N.fr , +\{n_e #*ioe "

(3) /6 l ;t*"iA."f't,
(4)

(s)
(6)

(7) L),Kf
(8) 4f.-

, A_Fl , " 4tr,fr-z^-&-*f ?"

ztL&_*,

h++_t*T

F
T

rl
rl
I
I
t
rl

t
t

t)tf "

(1) jtrFt i+'ix 4&fr


(2)

(3)

(s)

x_ z

A: *""44t,, 4&,. A^g E7


B: xtn*9, d,(t"f&*Yf",
A: 4& --h-'t Xt

itot-.

: fr

, 4 E&I4t vo, "fu "


A: *,)fr,
)' .Lb 9#,4 *S*..f&- t Xl
B

(4)

_t

"

--l
B:4t.rk*Fltk
TZ_*L,
,ltl,
;l*f-6
P ov-,, fetE Ji-l& T .

4t9J+*

-*E_.

(6)

A: *,+41,t + 4lfr_f ,k-fi?


B: AXfr
'FY-,"
(8) itiFiFi,* tt 4t, *jk-fr_"

(7)

.15.

*m.glJtll4+

Practise after the models

zJrlK

zJr4

ujrE

Hffi

180cm

l75crr'

170cm

,f+E

70kg

65kg

60kg

es1'

eo

tl

+ffiE

20

ffiffi

E+

1,

100

j)

+|ffitr

24

@ **if

(1)

hffiE

A: 'nfE.g&a?
o

A:

?
flls

22

++

1,

++

Complete the following dialogues

B:

B:

lg&

20 *.-"
. 16.

++

vu

d. /A e

-Ft

.- ^

I
t
t

II
tI
I

(2)

la630Oz}E

lr
b

!I
t
;

Il

t
I
t

rl
rl
rl

JtFIK'a&"4?

A
B

(3)

&irrb,$&
&irrbr$&
T60o-l

fsooTl

ffi

A: n$# j

W
fr,4t

B:

A: $. s ru
B: i*.

'b

A: 9tf67- F*f +,4?


.17-

B:

A:

,K I VV,*#J

B: ,g-f

vY'9ttT 5 z},t

"

A: h-rt'vut9ffifu4'+'4?
B:

A: hfr,vur5ffi

uft,*g

B: h,vvr4i6

E,*g

@ ?IffiCJ
(

Conect the sentences

1) 4&,4t1t1 *:vVv\ffilk*T

(2) r4 rF t -r ti"tfrbv#"+
(3)
(4

*,nfr,yu"*|ii 9

F' X'

-r3r

'b*.

(s) 4-4ntb*.4ll
18.

"

f l\tfr*T .

"

6+4++"

I
I
I
I
I
t

I
I

t
I
I
I
I

I
t
I
I

(6) -,!b+\-,.JL.

@ ffiTE*B,HREI#T' Iqru
Answer the questions according to actual situations
(1

Jb,:r.-Xa-8

(2) 4&.lrilt#. t,
(3) i+

ii+

Pb

10000

(4) ,4ffii+*tf

9s

L4

tr

4k4l

4q. Gi.,4?

t + 4-, 4h4 ++i.l +A vbi+ n+ g,ht

^,

4t.+4+ybr,*T,q?

(s) Ff,**+-t1fab5 ts t;rg ,


(6) 4-

A Ti 4-X-!bJb;tA"4t

4&q4+vv4&-'l*.,h?

7 ,*. 45 +ltl&g, 4,v1tEtl4++,q?

(7) ,h+'=E

?Af i+ , !k#r+*.+ vVlg,42

(8) Y 4Xry,1#-+,J.Fl ,

4,kffi** sif,J

'bJ&"q?

. 19.

I
# i*eiH

Read and express

EAE
nF

f-nft.I*.xt y ":nX.,,frnfr,*"f[ ++i.

)-

+^A,

flF+,}

4y<

iio ,}E E-rl<, 4k)*" nA'-f-L*x, *"{[*AahLbi)L,r"


A*+? Y *:nfr., *r&.*zW&#,f.
*.fl Y !,EA+, Y !-iX., E#A*4.z}+in+fiAyv,,]ix?
#*?t 4t1-*, 6T tffi.,X#A 4+"

+X-+_L,
E

+\,f11*9.4+47<+, ot

f.

*".fn

f ++L:yi E-f , +4.,J. Flf,tllu}

+fli.u}E frl,\*t, **4*1FEr, .fn*lFT a-t6f tXrF"


*f F*".ftrfli*f " *"4"y !.N, .,Ef -- t g^4f:y/q,1 f
-Lo whN4+jr,l*T, *"*f ;-4to ,tL}.4rT, lFF*.
J-ilY<?N, i64kg ff,,o A A9.-+4k}r#:" L-EA e,
V!ff-" 4Yr9 )\,#.WL& , 6fr^'r,\Ei*}.l*. y tnfr,, jttu}

f 4k9 tao ,4( nla*,4tf/T f .


+\,fn -*W E-hiT - t-L+ , ft f 4kg )&,i
"
y
*-xt !., +k*B+,} W^iio Fr uzar|;+++d./L *n
*,fr"y lE},qg.

/Lo

/q/q,

}]ll-fe!.

*vy"nn*--fu*.e#rt,

wf ny/-"

y !.nN,, t)

I
t
I

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

*"4nTrAS*"
I

. 20.

fu
J

-f

l"4N

--4t{l--

*g$$"

F-

*c *x".

t\

t"tq -f-

---T---

"{t4-

f,4 it"l

=l-f

-L+Ht

'iTs

i.'$

4**

ilt'

."^

Itl

I
I

---L-L-

\;-."
it

--

li

FI

I
I

JHl{\

- :h!.

\.t"{,-il

litr'

,l"tr^'l

-- pi5-

.rg.J

ix't\

1*1""{

.i

i:4

f'*{

i"\

.,*l-

ilr

:r:&l*

---F

,illnr

I
I

fi?

t*'

"
--b{k{r-

I'i3

"q{"j
I

q*1,

$,

il'd-

..1

]ii

L*

.:Y fu{d-

*.j.n

i1$I

**.1+

s-d

\
Edr

ttr

t i#

q"uq

,-

J.

r,+s

,F";1

,{+

It

$,t

s*

{ lr

4J

td

I
I

{+1fr 1'
e;*H

t"ir
\f

s-

\fu

r:i!

{E*

I
I
I

-;-*?,b-

5,*
r4t
+

F1'

ffn?

si'

ill'

---L--

rtl

----h{;-

\ln

i;
rt

*""io

td

\r

14n

\t F* *N.,
--t 5a4.

rlJ-

tk--r?a-

l*

\t4*

\ia,*

\. **

L. ,;t""

I
I

dr

'- -i-

L'&*l

r4,
-bbiL

cl.f

.t

r9 qq

"*i
r.t
6dt

l!ffi

--f*C.-

t'l.c

i&i

*,"i.

\l"n
Fi"
ffir

FT

ldt

il'

t-

qa{d

dq,I,

L*
t-:1,

"4'1

'b+*

-:E#!L;a

tr
J.*

T- F

il

i**
rd,

it

r-t*

lF $e

iq

rl

-.j" i1.

qr

r:;lt

-*F-

\ll

*{
*4t d

--

-l'l-".JJ

*rli

dri
'ftr
tl

llE

4*+J

T}

---5

ft

iq

t:

!.

'{
lil-.
q

--.:t'elilg
'4*; I

'$11.
*+Y

*-t"

4*4 sl

---l

"4

*ltnl
;--R-

")

Y-

+-F
b#

ii

tE

rl

in

IT

e-{

n*'

idl
I

L--
r-4*'

t4rl

I
I

lr.
--c+1-r"4l
t,

rl
r

It'i i ---r,{t{*'ir
t
{TY*

L),t

llg
I

rl,,
---q4a-

i1;

!t

r 1n'

rl

I
I

a+

r
o
p)

X BR Jb H -

*ft {II iltI J L T &

El
*)rai
EEtr

5,

EEtr

II.

- ) +t{ttflFJltxlbH-t+}+
yt * , 4&ln E ilkl*i rR Jb ;t r
- #,e,?
(

9:t

g ,R

Jb,t- rb *.4t1

lJIs

)L+ + ,1. Sl "

eY- ,F.9
+fi rRJb;6 -: tl"4l

*.'tn fl1 lut

E#:

ffi

f'J

-++" *.4nflFJLfF.lb6kt,J"
Ef: 4&4t1AF;U +.fg.fr-b,tf t

9:=

I+

.......

E i*x Kwn @rext

ffi

fT

Fil tt 'F""

tfuE fu;F -L + t\,, 9

TE .!I.at-'

+FrRJb,-t+, &R-+.

EF: n4*.rRjbjt_.
lL

IEf
9
=-=

^-

l+

#r-#t

" Jb i'. #r F_f.4|Kll* , *.4l1 )LLx)k-fr*- e l& "

Hf 4x-i+:r.t+?
-22.

H... 4)1.. 4vs++t"

tJls

t
I

- ++t+ ,

F:

+X-rR Jb

E#

-f
.5
rp I &
a afl-9
-J:

si3
2/-

ZK4e''T '

E# :

JL,,,l

+ k^

-F

4s_z H'+'j ji.rx(


"

, fr -a T 4+4kX" Au'A'f"t
T g' .

:ffi

(=) +tffRl,fn-++ffi

+4

4z-)T i

-i-

!-f

Nlt :

vttt&r.Ji*r, x tt 85 ,>, 4&,rY,?


fr,, 4&
+ 4+*t . !. 'f H ?:* k4f^ + 4+ - t+ , 4RiF 4" 'fr h
i**Ts)k-4e*4+*t, x 4+f 80 +.
fsEF t vft q &)k-**t , V,tra+
^+E "
*fr,t *Tl , 6iX-+1H,f " +\El 'f6, Ht-4+A*tflZ *,-*ti
Lb h-

)l"h?

t * o &rX, d. , 9 )fi {& +h 4E + +xn, "


fr., L,h? el)fr r,-raxfrr

Lln-E,

4Fn-,

gf ,tElri., *.;xf+gffitpLfx" fr-k,


*"E4ftx{f --A'qffi,'ft-4>4f Atfr{t. frf ut
.

, fit &. n {f+ +h4*fr fr "


EtJ

ilfr., 4,*t flnF

fn{"4?

.23-

rBE':

l' , *" x --r'l f

E lfr

{,R )+fr.

4t,+1k*#J,
^-t+,
ikr/. . #r -*t*F4Va i+fr

frfr.= *"R4f,

El

" *.x"If tr rr-

"

ei-q shnsc ffi l\ew words


i,

1.

a4

l'4t

2.

*4f'.,

3.

guji

coulltlry

(tri)

yyng

-qame

*T .

(#)

shch

tirne difl'erence

->

()

night

+F

\4:t )

1 -l\

jrj

seasn

(&)

chn ( tin)

spring

4. 4s5.
6.

+ ()

7.

E ()

{E)

xid

( tion )

sulmer

8.

4k (R)

()

qi ( tion)

eutumn

9.

tls

ff))

bot

10.

(M)

lng

cold

guo teng

( of tlie n'ind) lo l:lc"nv

fng

winil

11. +'J,fxt

,fiL

12.

(rr

-T.F
ta
,-.'l-

xid
{

F*)

T
13.

\rk?;rTtrr

44e-..

_L...

14. 4+

()

15.

- 24.

-H-t

xu

to snolt

xu

snow

xi y

tc t'aur

bddn...rqi

not only. . . but alst:

to get

fn

roi:ri; mark

h
h

t
!r
lr
b
h
h
b

t!
II
T

It

16.

"fr8

wrlr.:k**nr-i

* -*

{.th)

chuqu

to go rlut

llshT

hisiory

chnshng

tc give rise

huc

all:iinr

ynji

tr.r

( i*t,)

zhishl

riri l-v

\."ii/"")

lo

olri

gig

Lo reJ.cnn

kifng

t* *pen

yqi

aii;

'r

x
24. *

23.

4:1

t'$)

flft

ryn

zz.

It dir:lrt:

zhum

fE

21.

tTngxi

({rl

ie. )fr **
20.

ai;i )

17. ,q

18.

-&-

:'..}1

'{::

(ji,

26.

f.ik

( i)

27.

-hJ

zs. rt

+tt

,.4,,
''r::t J

!,,

<-*f

t* t* br"ing al:tr:t

piniirr*s

siw*rt; t

r*selart:h

re$$ilrtl

:'efi.rrn:ati*.rn

evervthi:rg

El &ffi Zhshi ffi Notes


Axfi+,

"

WT

,iH'fH,lia
In

" H*ltdEExf FtrH-fti (til

t r[ " F!fr ,

a conversation a speaker often says

wants to stop a topig (or an

act).

"WT " to remind the listener that he,/she

Corresponding remarks usually

(1) *t7,
. +\.Fllfi
^-i*_.tf
(2) *77 , +l.-hr,*d_;Loso
-:
(3) *?-l , *\"4ni^lf

follow, e. t.

"

am only interested in history.

. 25.

Et isi* Yf ffi G.a**',


-ffi
Comparative sentences:

IIiFH
"A

ER

"A

rBR

--f+":

SR......*/#17-ffi

be like (same as)

unlike

-t+" *tbfi!#RfHlE"
A is same as B,

e. g.

ffiffi@

q4*9t1,&

-+

500

, n14i'-r\.-fr_500

&4+ +-'\kflls4+41r4\- l+

,J'J- 20 y

-->,1'-aR,J',

,J'.lK 20 y

lK-++ii"

*"Erk'fr+6
---+ }sRr\
-r++gk,t+

. 26.

"

*&,.+gk,fr R
tr,

"

tt
tt
II
II
tt
tt
tt
tI
!

t
:

"A

ER B

"A

rgp

Z.-t+" *rttfi!R^l "


/-t+":

Mla,

A is not same as,/ different from B, e. g.

B
flls4+;XTiF-6O0

--> {+AH-RflF4+ r{l,tth\^ itxdA#t

-+

2s

SrLA#rRtJItxr^

t+o

flsx{A#

26 +

tr,+tk

AAk

-i+ j.o

{HJ.EEgL$E#
--+

r,

X,

uslLw-fi ,*.1.fim-i+" //,il/,/'t#J .x*84

,m-i+"

...--++/6-++" 6I tiltF.frr. Fln,


"8R......-W6-t+" may be used as an attributive, e. g.
( 1) 4&,-+y<4t.e4ffiA-l+fr1r +.
(2) *. X f --^fR 4t nl3*.'-#t1#14"
" ER..

"

FR......7-F" ET'))in "7fR......-H"

For "8R...7*fS", we can also say

. MtJin r.

"^SR...-f+",

e. g.

-27.

I
(3) +\rRifi 6*++

"

,tr'DJ, *.n$R4ft*++

(4) *" t i4 +^sR{fi

t1

"

- l+.

&El^DJiX, \ i"l *sR{ft l l.

-++ "

only...but also...

iEBf

, ,,z"{.E" Wffi-'j.ffi*+i:.+.EJIiFtr " W+b6]TiAIEJN,

ffiEffi -+h6J t.iFZ.Bi.


*TlE...FTJ^-H-..."

"ATH"

6tJIn

Iinks a complex sentence. It is used to indicate a further devel-

opment in.meaning in the second clause from what is stated in the first one.

clauses

share one

subjects, "|n{H" is used before the subject of the first

clause, e.g.

) +&-^ E+nN,*i+,' -H-4.4 i*i+o


(z) if. E+lk A#-, -L,A4+^1*
"
1

, fr E-j*'++&A -iN,iL1#.

(3)

^E*'+n.,j5.r+
gA Lidnx @ Exercises

E
@

iFF
(

t
I
I

Phonetics

1) #'Fi/fl

Prohunciations and tones

jiji

jju

yyns

Jroxtong

jioqing

qihu

zhishi

zhTshi

yqi

yiydng

"

jTgu

y'ixi

(2) BEi* Read out the following phrases


.28.

If the two

subject, " |".lE" is used after the subject of the first clause. If the

two clauses have different

I
t
I
I
I
I

*. +-++

"rK*+'r+

r
r

r
t

I
rl

rrl

.ffi# i4"+r-^*++
4-,+4+Rr4iF

4+e^k J. ^r+
.l,n.,4+rRt4 Fil * ++ir"4,J
$_ffi

-++if

*.sR.ffi-++sk "Et

*"fR,l&-t+f^.
Znig+ '-tr"E

E^4V4*_.

^E+?fr
@ g*n Substitution

t'r.41
4+4Y<*t

exercises

(1) A: 4k4t1H 7#r n4,4.rRrt..ru-

lf"hl

B:

I
rl
rl
rl
rl

(2)

41.fi

B: +\4n

nF

tUdt

4fsrL t

+XR't

.rU

- ++t+,4?

4x. lbitJLd.a.

rl

.29.

(3)

f tr t fn {4RA )+fr,

*.I

*"rR*-++a*&"

4krfY,?

(4) A +,+4+&At+?
B

t+ 4+nk4t.-++*?

"

(5) i/L{-x-z^/tr.T g, fi flT4+4kk"

' 30.

II
II
I

th

(6) Z^4g,*"+ 4 iri+, fi Y. --,* a ir-l.

@ itmg+

h
h

h
h
h
b
rl

(s) d.

t
t

|l

fill in the bianks

'+wt#F, '[1-' .. E-.x-.

(1)

tr

Choose the right words to

(2) di"'fn A

.,

4Ro

l' n4frfiF-it Jt

T-&n.K, f-n-TAAT"

(3)
(4) 41.*t #

i*_+,Ji.rF #J

t"4?

il\iY,,N, f*&{.f..R

Atf g tv#*

(6)

&:X,

(7)

+i,trJ'*

(8)

tk#

(e)

*-.rU

f ffi"
T*"

+rn,"

v\.,
#J+X-^/trj+,

9 m "ffi......-t+/4-f+" i,
A. "8R......-ffi"

ElE-4Y,fi1r<X"

4.-ff+,J1.

Heconstruct the following sentences with

-3i

*"r + jL_tai+, *t

I
I

+rlL-iai*"

-+

(z) *\ -f r*,xF--&_ hillJ,

&-fr_9tttt .

--->

) *"A A 1 ,& 68 ,

(3

*&frt A

A-

1 ,K. 68.

--+

(4) #,i+.i*+t*,t rr.2ft*_95 />, .\.ft_95


--+

(s) *\rR.*r

t*, *-tk*tfl t&"

-+

(7)

*"*',&&4i, i+ -Li4.tr*4i "


-+'

A.

I
I
I

t
t
t
t
T
T

B. "8R......T-f+'
(

1) *\i +-,P.'t ,

-N,#J

+k rfi .

---+

T
T

I
(3) i\"#*9, l''*W"

_->

(4)

*.
--->

.32.

vX

.*Y

ffi1+

, ff' '*g ii*-"

I
I
I

tL
H

h
h

th
H

(s)

)K+4,.J. T 200 z}g.

, i..u+4,J. Fi 120 z}_9."

---+

(6) JbAx

zg _,

i,l.l

31

A"

-)

(7) jt

fet 30 + n *,,

fls

tJ

35

*- "

---)
(8

) i4+

tJrJ

eh"g-350

flls4+ 400

L.

---)

@ migtirH

Fill in the blanks with appropriate

words

tr

h
h
lr

T
T
t

t
I

(1) A:
B:

jt#
ZK-t+"tu.

(2) A: j^+
B

(3) A: ^-t+xlr"
4&,
B:

nfs,W&-tlt,ql

itts"

nfs,&&

jt^

flls^-++ t9,ht

4k-t+t.'g.r?
\

ji;#r,t *tlfr,hl
(4) A: ^-t+k,
B:

flf( h -,*./L"

6_t+fr, j#t

(s) A: jtffi+f +*++,q?


B: z^-+, +

+&.x-

I"

4+9"

tF+.

(6) A: i +)*,n-#,*,42
B:

6*l+t+, tiu

4+t.
.33.

# fRtE *

Fri'l)E

#T

t iE ru

Answer the questions according to actual situations

(2) .ta*+n&.* + ), 4k&.rK4e-tu*'\?


(3

, 4t #J -*Tel'"*e'#J -14'hz

^iLiq
(4) +\rk-'L+ AK,
(s) y ltt

eo

(7)

+\,fn

T
4&4-- ++'4?

+, 4k+4+k*&'-t+*t'h?

(6) *-rt,6"Ar+i,

I
I
I
I

4t',fo?

a*ik+n,

4&4tA&"r"'?

(8) rlffir.lf A {ikRxfr,

4tof?

t
I

T
@ EftmA
(

Comect the sentences

1) 4&,8 f ta+sK 4t,-++*t

(2) *".fn

,u,

fiffi

T
"

* trv4'4t1t)t-tl7 .

tr

ttr

(3

) 6644 *4*t+,

(4) A*-rRnfA-++.

It
h

(s)

tr

(6

*\.fn E :FsR+ tr

) *.

+, A rK4e

rth

t
t

rt
rt

I
I

t
l

-t+n4,^"

- *lgtffi e, "

# i*miX, Read and express

fl4+rR*f "

Fq
fiJ+t+, +/-r,f F," (ln), 4k+gkF,Er" -X-,
rx+++,n., " ,fr)1,4k x* f - &*?Er, *.,1SFF ,Ee++?"
w,.1.p (-,#J qx tr r #J*T , 4efr_x-if ,g.i^F, :y)",&
E

-:-

/:LJo

H,.4"A gffi

*rr, +ta F z/-,


vY,Kff-*b

4 , AF^ = $ r IS.,
titk fr\J 4++,,*a+a-,a"

f " ffi -Izt, H,SIfl ll +hLfi ey"El F,

ytr-*- a|fi,44,1*, /ztfr= k*tsffil


w,.*fuf

f +., T#.

vy-,Ktt4i

H,.

^,*......

gt*rs

"

ffi-th, ,sElR+to Fi-+,E j-xt&i, ,

i_t+F, *.*+64.f.- +

v,1

4kZ"-V

.35.

'

f.

=ta rbFtr'i

H,-

*,n

f +4sRtr -aJ.L+!JF , e*X-H

. jr*p&., )grh b$w,.x-$+ft-" 4eft-ffi =;t-rb$, g E f


Erft'4+
/+l f +4Fi, w,3*F/fl Ti+4. ,3#1}+Errbtr rki f +
,l*, ix.;Aw,-ffi. T " 'fi Zk, W,g/fl ++4rRtr -Lt T + Er ft-, 4hK

,g+ft.f

x-.

f " it*+ , "fi =,rt 'bFE l+f'= f "

ffi

z*a

v|f,"ffi

YbFt 9t

=,a

++, H ,g /fl Fl ++ t n 't

Kfr-=vY'-,

,..'.

;it if,

Supplementary words

to compete

2. Er

hor:se

3. E-a

guwng

king

4.+
s. -t+

dng

cla.ss; grarle; rauk

shdngdng

first clrss; super"icr

zhngdng

mediwm; middl.ing

xiddng

low-gr-ade; inferir:r

T+

Learn to write

:k

*r

-l-

f.

sdi

7.

f E -a "

1. fr-

6.f+

@ gx+

x-F,x

-*Ffu-

l
I

-"i-

4*

-,,,r

.Jr

-Ff1e

:Fi'%.

I
I

I
I

I
I

___'{

ffi
4-r-

#?

.f
I

.36.

-t
,4'l

-^Jt

rti

F3

I
I

I
I
I

HT

F xtr

rnl

{r

Frl

j.4

I
I
I

,f
ft

.#;*

-.ril
.r'r'lt

l
I

,i

-t-

-flip

_-tf*1w---

'4.4W
I

cHt

.*fr--I

-{r '{t+1

it
rf

--,iIH.t--rI

"tH
'i1

d.;
\i

.\

r'f*

-a{J-ih-

,
-& l!_-

'i

jl

"*-

r=i

r
I

I
I

Fl+i

I
I

L
I

' '
1

-5J-.4-.E--

-*{fti-r

q,Ji

I
I

t
I

I
I

w
I

y1

?k +
I
I
I

I
I

-iffi

'\l

'I

'r4L

'1

x'

4#
I

I
I

A s,L
$,"-

'

th.l
I

I
I

l"i*

.t

r'1

-l-

fsi

{!

-1_4__-_

. $".

1! f
t{{*,

1"-i"-

I
I

I
t

-'R-

BT

t-F.

ti-

,l

ri
-{.*uF-- -FE\---'fE
$.i-r
.F

-.i\

f*

t*

!
3

*iJ

rls{
r$
I
I
I

--HrilI

I
I
I

I
I

--1-n- _ -

I
I

t"{
I
I
I

1*f'18I

-..!l

!t

*r ,&
_{

fid
-ar
!4

I
I

*bil
t{.;
ir

x;q
+l

rqe

r+.{
tq

I
I

)lt I

I
I

e$i

'I

ri,$

;,1fr;

ei:?{

*1'
r!I

l}

fltl

I
I

r'{"

{l
,\1l

"

I
I
I

lr\

-rd--

si

(t)

r r lf r f I I I r I r I r r r f r I

I
I

+.*-,1*.4.lJ T

E iftI

Kwn @ rext

I
I
I
I

t
I

t
I
I

F
I

H#
alr -+J

h
|t

-+
A)a
al/ -J-

tE,fi

g'J

,.

+"

4+

A7 4htu|

9t(ts: *f +,.-A+

;W

I
I
I

rl

+-, )L,*. T ?
R_r^

El-E,iA.f ,

)lf?

t
I

t
t
t

4t,fr fr

^R_^
Hf -,, &#J+-4+,

l.\ 4\

EI]

'J+df

)I\z11

F
I

, ,i{,to,4};N-f
4+A,?, 6#n.

aU -l-

(
T9FE':

iLt*.ibf "

4+A$I

f o ,l*Ao, +4,.*,.,rL/r& T "


(

:)

+iffirgT+,8,*fig#FT

drrFHxjru.Li*{)

A, 4+A*tFz

.q_iaxo

A
2*A*f .
IgN_F

Lk4k,4&)xlrrrll +d e,J t4F

, & z tA,R# **jF f

dj4\
rgfl-E'

&A-tN,

ft"

: q
-

t))J
^ihl

2tA*u1,, l,i/4 r-4F

# *4k.,+qtf "42 2t I

j6"F

6 f-4+ f

6 f, o d"gtkt4t *fr_^nL*"t4F
"

,4?

, *"r-

^*l*"

.39.

El

+iuf Shngci @ New words


1. .

( l:)

ot

k: love; to l.ikr: /
/
/
I
to skate

z. )rF

hu

3. 'g'

nuo xue

to ski

()

jixiong

homelrnd

s. Z

(M)

yumng

fmr:us

6. /&

G)

fngjing

scenic vierv; landscape

7. tr.

(#)

scenic rree; parkland; tourist

4.

49

bTng

region

8.

tr*

()

lyu

to have a tour

s.

)t*

(-|J)

yuq

especialiy

10. ;;,1+

(frt)

lingkuoi

nice and eool

bi sh

to spend a holiday at a sumrner

11.

ie-*

resort

12.

/\*

,
13. #

t4.

vrE
,Jg

(.4)
(

rr:)

()

rnjio

househcld; family

ko

to reiy on

jTngyng

t0 man,ge; to run

fo ci

to get

I
I
I

t
I
t

t
t
I
t
t
T
T

ls. n-y
16, fi't

(&)

shy

ieaf

trt

G)

sh

tree

()

leaf

@t)

lu

to fall

rich;

to make a foune

17. i:+

18.

2tt

(&)

hngy

red'aul.umn leaves

ts.

+A

l)

jin

to pick

- 40.

I
I
I

t
t
I
I
I
I

r
I
I
I
I
I

t
t
t

Il

20.

_L4
,-.:'

{ftr)

zhoj

feel.ing

2t.

,n

( Btr)

zhene

( used to inclicate rlegree

anxious

,/'

) t*ty;

quite

22.

+.

23. ]^

24,

-"t

()

bio

lvatch

{w)

hudi

bad, ( go n'rong)

lnv\

iy

( expressing su4lrisc or aniaze-

ment)

2s, 4+

tng

lxr stol

( fiE,8 )

si

shoul.d; ouglit

rh,

(H)

didnch

battery

28. a&ri

(t

chddo

to be (or arrive) late

*?+

{&)

hoshi

happy everrt

,4+

()

hudishi

bad thing

(Wr)

26.

i^

2'.7.

2s.

30.

di"r )

lo

to;

need

( a modal particle expressing exclamation and interrogation)

31.

32.

+*i
Jrt
'

()

mqin

mother

()

fqin

f'ather

( FJi)

de

( used a,lier an adjective or phrase

to fbrm an adverbial adjunct hefore

the verh)

33.2+.**

ji hn

to

*6

l hn ;

to divorce

{&)

wihnf

fianc

^i6'*.

ue)

wihnqT

fan.cre

^i+
+

(&)

jiongli

futur:e

4t)
(,ft)

zhydng

such

this

wa,r'

nydng

like that; such; so; that

rvay

34.

3s.

36. .++
nrst+

marry-

so

like this;

.41

Mt itffi

Zhshl

ffi

Notes

"W" ffi#Wtrif,ffiH*F,I$i-1tr*z\f5H, tHET


" lft" is

t
I
t
"4P"

" lffla,

used after adjectives and some verbs expressing psychological states to

indicate degree. Its meaning is equivalent to

"1" (""ty),

e.B.

1) ftt ll 6+ ,n" ( nt 4rF<+ " )


(2) |Xsl)Lj+"f""
(3) A: 4t.t1nL+w'4?

r''J

B:

WoF""

"#F......T" + lq4hFJ'tqi-"lfEtri, *zsH{ H m. +$,t., W..*.


..HF''
ft'E1'' !,B', ESEiJflfFH" HE9;*. M98,
The words used between "ffp" and "!" are usually temporal words and numeral
-

classifier cornpounds to emphasize lateness, oldness or

" A%." ( already)

plentiness. u #F"

means

. It is not stressed in pronunciation.

(1) *F,}-,*-t rt-f , ,l*ogo


(z) *rs=+ I -f , Lv'rF'lt rrti^ A L$kf .
6J+ "41/A"
"

tEl{,

trrsTffi, ZiHxfFi},0H-Bffi. Fln,

t/A" in the sentepce is used rhetorically to express dissatisfaction

or disagree-

V''''''

. 42.

T " *rr\

ffi 'l rg* WtEtJ *& t trXtr

(1) nX-4+A? fr7if,f ,-LiRf "


(2) 4+ A a? $ FJ 6-'fo"
(3) 4,"-4+ 2? 4+ At K-#t?
(

T
T
T
T
T
T

ment with what the other percon has said, e. g.i

I
I

frAfu?

# R . 6!8,

T
T

I
I
I

r
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

(f j-A-

--7

,4.'. J r,

means "

It is time to do somethirg" ,

e. g.

f"
(2) F'i 14 rj f iiAT.
(

1) +:,*

iA&

"[h]"

E "T" f,[ "tr[-d"

" Bgtzs$t l{ tiE, "


6i" is the blend of "7"
and " trfif ". Here it carries an inquisitive

IEI igi*

tu?H#Mtt

tone.

Yf @ Grammar

"7',1 (2)
Indicating a change: the modal particle

"7" (2)

iFftEjia u r u ffi&JR.)#N4N,"
When used at the end of a sentence, the modal particle "

T " implies a change of

state, e. g.

(1) +fi+ 9Af

f ")
(z) 4.8)tu L4F f ( if}d+, ik:,lp
"
"
(3 ) t&x_tg.fR+\".ft]-*s.* f
" ( )F. *^&sRd_4-*s*,
y;{

4&,

(4) .4+&nF,,l.f

(4r(l]

(AvFf " /t-x=f .)

r
r
I

t
l

.43.

"
" ^......T
6......f

I
t

" eA.4"

" also implies a change of state.


(s) e#t*, + L4+f " ( *{6df 6r+F.)
(6) *.fHEf " (F.**rflsE.)
(7) *"+lzi< E'IN, . ( uF.r.,i-'k,")

I
I

t
t

ng that an act is about to take place

rniFH'4......r.. JF......T.,RF...... T.,R......T"

k+." MJfrn,
*8".."T. 8Ji4......7.. 'R9......T. 'R......T"
indicate that something is about to happen, e. g.

(1) 4I;F.f .
(2) - n :r/* ikR.fp. f
^ ,"
(3) ,I*4T f

41FEFW

are used

in Chinese to

I
t
t
I
I
I

"

I
T

.4.

I
I

h
lr
h
h

Ih
h
h
lr
lr
h
h
tr

tt
T
h

!T

: a + #,R,f+Ef H ,idi$fF{?tigFtziaH .,H9...... T "

Noter "'RF"".'T"

is not used

if a sentence contains

an advebial specifying

the time.

* T+ll +s.*E,l***A*f
^Eii,:
' T+ jEtH.;il*e*Af

"

"

i
#+Et

" rth;'

Adverbials and the structural particl e " *M"

E +*tip.lttr "

The structural particle " i&" is an indicator of adverbial in a sentence.


(

1) *)+,+t6\., *E*ET+ll ;ii* 9*A*t

(2)

pl #,ln

*F+#h

t&,+ 4

"

"

The sentence without a subject: Verb


YXiF'.b

+ Noun

HIftH+1F. JrP\EE,

Some Chinese sentences do not have subjects. The functions of these sentences are

@ irnxt#

?*rn#...

describe some natural phenomena such as weather

(1) +'J.Ftl
"
(2) Tffi f
(3) iATg.
@ xnnF., iEiFo
express good wishes
(

H ,i* F.

ftx'41'#fr++X.F.

1) ix,4t A

(2)

. 45.

I
I
I

Eil %>J Lidnx @ Exercises


ffi iE
( 1)

Phonetics

##iIfl

Pronunciations and tones

hudxu
jlngyTng
zhdoj
zhTddo

xu
jTngyng
zhoj
chddo
hu

lyu

lTyu

fo ci

To clol

didnch

didnshi

Yunyi

yunyi

(2) BEi* Read out the following phrases


.r-I& T

f<T

TtrrT T,f
6h:xft, ik E-f
*f , X-(n)nlft"f

-x-AT

^*-t

-+RT,+*Tgf

4kf-f , k(n );'i*f


axf , k(n)*&f
n+rtil4*gn T
*Tf
*t+f
*ft++**,J f
*1Sf/-*f f
4E*r4K

i^fu-l

iA"LtRf

ii Lf

i^TnKf

i^k_f

i^ffifr,T

xr.+-ift+\j

,ld}',1*rr46

ffi WtX Substitution exercises


(1) A: +X-Ar+I

B,
. 46.

4i4**4 f "

et,rt*"n En*,xt.M

* h t,+ .1

,l*

6 *fu,*-it

t
I
I
I
I
I
I

t
I
t
t
T
t
t

I
I
I
I
I
I
I

(2)

A
B

,l*Aos,

*Ii.T "
+-TJL, +\4-ti/+.

r
I
I
I

(3)

A
B

f?
,l*,F* f , i^fu.R-l ,
4+AfttlE

I
I
I

r
I
I
I

T
I

.47.

(4),*,*./LA'E,, -F^,}t,*.iLrl+a(-4l] f .

I
I
!

(s) A: *
B: tS

(6) A:

teiF1 q?

r+F

*fr^iL4'k

B: *\rn

"

r-+F'ro?

ztt*f .

I
t
t

t
I
I

I
t
t

T
.4.

I
I
I

t
t
rl
t
t
t
t
t
rl
t
t
t
t
t
|l

ffi AiH*

fill in the blanks

Choose the right words to

1) .-E frfl{k
(2) *\---i;'Jr
(3) +\4n e9 ft-

*?, )+61&"

, -L

.)4-.fr.
tFJ !1

t.FL

tr, &n;rv.{^g ,

W';,i, *+w4*fs 4k 9 t*l&ah x,


ie.*,\4+
(4) *"4n

n$

fr'J

)L4k t

(s) 4kf-

/\F*r# n e4
, ftfi#r++*Fgtf

(7) ,l*,t-os,

( 10)

i6.T
,&4

ft^, d

(e) fr,1 P-,


4,ktt

(1) 4t,

fr_E_k,

?o

(6) T +,F1 \"*E*E :Yfu*

(8)

F-R;ry}

fM"
"

"

fo

x-j+
*.f

+.R-^fr-

T f "

4q*T

(2)

aA

(3)

Er

(4)

*t

(s)

+k+ra*,t*

(6)

4kl.

k*,

fr.fn,l*Aoso
"

-L

&x-r

1, h x-ttiF.-z^} T "
fu.Rf

I . 4k&*?***4+f,a<"
" 49.

ffi agi,x,t* Describe the pictures

I
I

* lofr
{-m-t
'"ffi

ffi*ffi

t
t
t

t
I
I

ffi t,EtA+

Complete the following sentences

(1) 4.i---nf , 4x
(2) 'l*. T ,
(3) Hkf ,
(4) 'l*,J kf-f ,
(5) -*Tffi I ,
(6) ++ =fl:f .,\f f
(7) *ts+:,F*f , iA
(8) -AnX.++*,
.50-

t
t
I

T
T
T
,

+k9Axfrt

T
,

!
!

(e) **-4t ru-*,


(

:i/

10) *fr-4f. h &l.f &nW,

,-y/

ffi m ",R..-...7". "s......7".,


Make sentences with

"'R"'T"

",[*S......T".,

"id$.

.....7,' jt]

(1) 12 1 2s H.fr-*1T, Ax-4Lfr-n n 20 tf


(2) ]A*4nfl*E.ry.**.+ E , 4X- 4.8 *nw f
(3

r*rTntu' +,8 $ f

4x,

rL&ft_ffi )LH

f.

(4) rK nx,4e,+\ft,,fi.+,K+dd. , rfuEur.k,*:t


(s) ii-^+

8+ts8, +kR-Lr Ast.

(7) aa+e n 20 +t*, +f-fr_e n

^AE

@ 79ffiJ

- x 4zo fr, , *" r, tfr T 4oo n T "

(6) aa11 n

(8)

1o

"

*t ntXlt-,F-l , ;tfl.894.t\,1#

Correct the sentences

(1) T+ll

,R**Ej^E eta*-l

"

.5't.

(z) *./ z\,F*,I*.*-LiF f

(3) 4x-1-+f

, *"aX+-X-la,[E-.

(4),frnfr.*"-*g

tr,

MlplR*

(s) {flj.H/;t4f -4rl}AqR


(6) +.fr_-^E.*f. tl

ffi E;L+

;+ T

"

"

* tF, *_,t *F4v_*v.

Learn to write

*l

I
I

-***Eu.t8

I
I

'

if
I

Ti t
,a+f--

L-

;t*
I

* eL__

;*t:
!di
I

*+j+*

-&+L=

.-"r,4--

ji
"l

--

"'

*n..iJ*
k !,'p

;-ia*
-r f{g

L--

Fg#*

faF

,I

l;'
I

- -LI

,.*!

*t;."t-E*:

e-rL*E

ffif':e

+
l-L

.t-

J-*r-*'

+*

"'?

",tI

I
I

I
I

":

j'Jj;

- -LI

I
I

. 52.

q-s
:-

i-#
I

?iJ-

t-ir

+i

-.i'
"r:-t:iF

-"r"
,-.* i1r{

-,*t "*

."i*

'rfiF'
*.id.
I

t
I

t
r
t
t
T
T

. 53.

'l*-LRos,
H if

Kwn

*ft+f

ffi Text

(-) frrf;+H*T-gf;mffi
(

rzl ffi ffiz,w#F,f* +&E . ffiz,w h r.zr)w +t* T f

ffi*t)fr

thrfr,4?

r*t)fr

oFT

,1.

i., iI,fA

d"_,J.*

" 4&$ fr-e,l iE tix-i+#k* qttA + f

,4?

t tt) d.f n+H+T. aFxn?"Lnlla" *.s*-frrbl


et-+i+, 4'J,J.,il&-* f ,ft "

4,fr.,

rtt)fr fr-'h7

,.I.

+ zt)fr

" *t +*,J /6 lE 4f ,

tr

*?#r

A-*f og ?

+\ru.+rc,-*.
T.Zfr

.9.

d-

jt$ftrg"

ir_r+\ +.1&+

+-

,&

f. "

+Zrm: l-.IfJ o

EUrm, flp*f

t":r*f,*T+**,

l4f,_r/

+l&F* f

"

, 4ft*-oso

(Ezr)frxlln;

E*rfr, f+T

j* f

+ ull

^)u?
!l -5

'l*.jLER4'os.

. & )\6tr+* T F *.,'n,

*.,ftl* * *

.,*.

r*t)fr *"4fi

"

t zt)fr $n.f

, ifrs'so

rzt)fr ,l.*- !

(=)
(

'Rj.*FE,,

ffiZ,t)Fffil+'fll-Ee+*

R'tE Exn

Ftr+7ffi
" +FkWfrT, ffiZ.)F&+t

F4

ld

+f[,Rt+......)

+,l*Itoe , *ft+f

t^zt)fr: T

i_#J Iq

E fr., *

lF, *" 6I-*

TfrEfr

nn

fr-&n$ x,

1fi

it *ov' "

Er

"

atJ. )A-#J

F ,- A -tA._L

rll 6, *-frN,*ahut
*+,frA,tl

f ,, *

t4.ffi

"

+ + *aI r),4? *\

tnZ

, x-E ffi#*+ , -"ru;i/gt. oFI,


, 'R,.lL , :Yli*ft 4 -l "

. 55.

I
I

(Ig FETXT)

BFil
*

14iF ,

t^zt

ri

)L6

l4l, 4k$tos"

aii ,

*"h.,+n*4+F " *.4n4x- +Fxn -L.{+h 'fr,o +,RH, n % *&tNffi +#,1'Fi o EtNF'v\

, w,. 4f ft 4 s *. ** Xevs,* )1r ftt t- +. ^ s


f Fl + sK*"rN, - F . ofr t R--l )Lfi
'K

?.

H+ "t)* tr-T "


ats!)ffi

*ia4it+*t$tl1 " *FI*1,4? *7, ])f4+, ft1's"

rIA

+^zlfr

*"n-*f , i/i.,.$.JLf , 4ft,1*4rTos"

$*hzr$irB,f)

* rF ,

/6

s,rL R & p o

FIJTEH4HIIfr)

rg N: *fF , Ftn 7,u\. , d.ru-4lJn414*frnnL,

+i*T,

lulo+?

^s#

ffi

El &iJ Shngc ffi N"w words


-

(:liJ)

sng

io deliver; to cany io give;

tr,r give

as e present; i:o see sh- , rtff r:r o't

z. ft+

. 56.

ki hul

to i-rave/'a:itetrd a ner:ti:S

t
T
t
T
t
t

t zt)fr= rf u\o

1.

t
t

I
t

jidoxu reat:hins

)
()

ynto

ro stntly :nti ciis*,usn

yntohu)

seuninal.;symliosiunr

di)
(+)

jinggu

to :ass; go througir ( a place)

xidng

to; torrards; in the direction of

wn ho

to send one'$ regards

3.

4. ry-L+
Ef'+

( 4lJ

5. %.-

I
I

I
I
I

I
I
t
I
I
t
I
I
I
I

+k+

6. J

,/'

('&)

7. tE *f

'/

to;

to say

hello to

(f*)

8. +H

shoo

tn talce along sih. to ur frr s'rr-lle{}r:e;


to ii.ring to sorneone

g. i-*

()

guqu

ro go orer; to pass by

10. .*

(Aii)

guloi

to corue over; ro corne by

G)

mnku

entrance; doorw.ay

(frr,, Efr)

xTnk

harrl; strerr.uor-s; to bother'; to ask

11"

11.

11

72.

++

sb. tt clo sth.

t3. I-Ifr (.,M) mfon

fr
15. *-X
16. '^ +
I7. 4 L
18. t14.

()
{ffi

r-}

tororbie;

rror.nble

tdng
iren

irusbnd or rryife

shi

to handle affairs

bdn

(indicating rrip or tr{ps made)

(Fij)
mshdng ar once: inimediareiy
mn ,
slcw
ffii)
19. F-'fr,'l {&}
zhnlngun e.x}il:rition hall
20. &'n
{, F') zhnln to put cir disilay; to exhibit;
exhibition

21. -L*
22,.

(d:)

shdngloi

rr: come

Lrp

ch

to ch:ive

ki

ar, hrs, etc. ; (l'yei:i.57 .

I
I

ele) to stert to rno\e

23. Felaln, r,v\


\ -f./
,q.

+H

--.!

r\

)E4t

24.

?"
26. -l

zs.

()
(

dl)

zhoxidngjl

cafnera,

zhdo xidng

Lo

zuwi

sea.t

zhyi

to pay attention to

ch t

(of autiques) to }:e unea^rthed; to be

take a pho{.o

exhumed

27.

ith

zB.

Xet

2s.

4{

30.

_l-

wnw
)
(Eil) dyu
( . &) yooqi
( . &> shng

i:ulrr-rri reLic ; artifect

approxirnatel;r

to ask; to deurand ; requirement


( a classifier usetl to inriir:ate the

number af sounds)

sound; voice

31. )* #-

(Yt)

qTngchu

ciear

32. lF 4+

(&\

shTfu

rnaster' ( poiite titie for one with


accompiished skiils)

33. X4l4

()

ddshigun

embassy

l(-,f{

(&)

ddshi

arnbassador

#
L

nuonmrng

-,
A
I. 'P

2.

':,
lJ

+)B

3. *&

I
I

(a provin*e in China)

Tpiwon

T'airqar

Xinggng

Hor:g K,:ng
"

Zkaa { a famiii' narne cf

Chine-*e )

E| ffi Zhshi @ Notes


+tr^ttfrF*ffi!^lqffi "/J:+W", fFn*+#L; H "2+Ih"
. 58.

I
I
I

Proper Names

Zho

t
!

p
trsn*

ts

lt
I

+Ji,^. Flhn,
Chinese tend to use "ujr +family name" to address people with whom they are fa-

rniliar and "fi,+famly name" to those they are not familiarwith, e. g.


,J.

r
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I

,l't{

*i

*s

frL'

-tr

5t<

**rPgz
7fiE.'....L8" +E l4A F.IEA^F*XfI'46" EiXi^XTSE,H'
"
E*6tiFfr ,
rE I TE-timEEfitrE "
"

4t

^Tfr."'[$" is a rhetorical question, for which a reply is not expected.

The

speaker is emphasizing the affirmative or negative tone, or trying to elicit the words that

follow this question.

) 4h^fr)bA"q? h 4+ Afi*.vd.+i,u? (ftfii,ffiEjtHl)


(z) rlF' -4h^R-+f ,Er? ir4+Tnfr.^*.? (frf;rj,ffi*f )
(3)
6 fr-f- E*"L *iltue ( ftfii,ffi lnilxkt,zl<W)
(1

4,f.

A polite expression used to see a guest out.

frJ

"

EdJi-"]

" t

*\tRW.

"i

A verbal classifier used to refer to the number of trips

"

*"

iA. tF

A classifier

madc.

E"fr#JIRW."

used to refer to the number of times a sound is uttered.

.59.

llEl iF Yf ffi Gr'**u,

v) + */*
Indicating the direction of an act: the simple complement of direction: Verb

dliE

*t" fi '(+" ffi-Ei1ff+l.iF*l1frJ,

+ */*

tsf++l'iFnqffl

#frff

++l.iF. *rri +FEtii,i^4 Ffr1he# +n$Jfr J HtH *" ;


i},i^tfrl^e#+nffJtrr HH +" . FJin
r

'Vlhen

the verbs

"tF"

and

"*"

are used after some other verbs to function

complements and indicate the direction of an

of direction.

If

act, they are called a simple complement

an act is occurring in the direction

thing being refened

to, "fi"

as

of ( towards ) the speaker or some-

is used; for the opposite

r+"

is used, e.g.

(1) -L*oe " (ih'it'\ELiL)


(2) -LiKf , ,I*j&*oe . (ifl-L#/\.E E )

(3) 4,w&* " Gfli#/\Exft)

"fu*"

2.1" 6JAn,
FiFE4LrtriE , gffi#1Z,
If the objeet of a sentence is a word denoting the place, it is placed
and before * X/*"

after the verb

e. g.

(4) d"'J ,J'A- **f .


(s) +\"r*f4T#*"
(6) *"4t1jt*k,a{,"o

" InJin:
If the object of a sentence is a word refening to something, it can be placed be-

fore or after " */*"

r
r
I
I
t
T

. g.

(7) 4e,frT -+,W.+H**." /4e,#R r -+ re,+A+)Lo


(8) 4,**=r-,& (*;ra*)" /+&.*r-+- (*ra#J*)
,

. 60.

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

*"

(e) *"+4t'tr'*f

---,&

" /*. ?.4h# r -& fi *.

,@@@ro.@.@'
r@dE'ffide"

E ffiA Lidnx ffi Exercises


ffi eg
(

Phonetics

1) F*9+iE

dngxi
mfon
zhyi
yooqi

Pronunciations and ior,",

xi
mi fn
zhyi
yoqIng
dng

shnbidn

SUIDION

xTnk

x)ngf

wn ho

wnhdo

qTngchu

qTngch

. t)l

I
(2) Hji*

Read out the foiiowing phrases

I*
T*. iR * *
}--* T-* jt-* $,*

E*

s*

i*

"*

F*q ffi* e* +-* s,* v*


.L++'F it#E*
ts ++.*
ttJX4f-4E*
*kE*
T*+*
Ff<--,t} f.

+H-*-,&+

Xt(-.,&#J*
ffi*-4+AR

ffi gf$ Substitution exercises


(1) A trtgE+,er?
B

E*T

"

I
t
I

I
I
I
t

I
I
t
I
I

(2) A +e,L+f ,3?


B

.62.

$)Xrro, -)Lfl.LF.

I
I

I
I
I

t
r
t
I
t

(3)

(4)

,l*-L*0e,"

it *

+\4i-El_L*"

fr fl.r4lF

#"frn)+,iL&*T.

+t'*

rF'fa?

*|J

,'*

*,+4b.+f --^+

tlj.4t

rf

+*I +4k,n,

f "4?

rl
;

(s)

f"

Il
!
i

rl
rl
rl

(6)

"

"

. 63.

t
t
t

t
t

(7) A:

4ke*#*

B: e+*ffi.* T

(8) A: 4&it

4t

at

I
t
I

-Lb<R.

* t ri 4'x., +&,E4ik4+ A,fo?

B: 4,&fr +'F"

ffi itinfE*

Choose the right words to

fill in the blanks

I
t
I
I

t
I

Il

I
Il
I
I
T
I
T
Il
Il

Il
t
rl
!
rl
rt

(2) it'#rFl] t' fr+k+FtttA_f


"
(3) *"'t*l*-fr&'fr,, -_-tf
.4'8,flt* , 4&',. A*f-l
(4) +R-&'fr,fr1/-F 9l
(5) trfrnfa\ k+xn , i+-*aT+*, *"iA. ofr-.
(6) is ffi+*_,R(4n+irf , *.4n+*,-AJLpB"
4,+rR$"--*os.
) #.rfl"Etl+L4i _1\t,
(8) t rT&x+,*.+--tl+kE
"
(e) tlT_t,l g,fr.. 9i*, f -ifl., g E
"
(7

(10)

+k14+JL*"

ttkf t,'I..$rt|Hka'."

ffi ei*rT#ffi*i+fFi.tri^EIi+^t{E

Read out the foltowing dia-

logues and point out the locations of the speaker or the person referred to

(1) A: *}.
B:

(2) A

*f

,4?

^..

BE

4)k-,f"

-rt,xiT.*

"q?

(3

(4) A

(s)

B .#-

A:

,l"JlA,

B:

*.n*r,

'l*.iLL*oeo

&E-6#"

**rF;t*ki+f

6'l*o

*,411

^_

^R-',4

"Er?

A,-

BE
^.#.
B

* *- f

,_

,Er ?

^.#.
B

,-

.65.

(6) A +,48-*t ll
B

,^!

f , J"4n *o"

v9.
vo

LE

(7) A
B

(8) A
B

H+f

) .f,

^tr
BE

4)LoF"

ElJ

"*" lH

t\" ii;. J L

Fill in the following blanks with

B: ,A.
A: 4.L'1h"47
B:
"
^F'Ih,f
(5) A: 4l'&&s
B: 4)k-"FY,.

'fa

I
{o

fo
$'f'

4&'fu-

f ,47
f?

: 4+-,1\pll JL

B: +,atJrir*
(6)

A: )K+**
B: *

fo

r4?

To

A: "nfkl?
B : . kT +-,*. t.
ffi **A
(

Correct the sentences

1) ,lffiH -*re+?Wlal"t

. 66.

")R" ot "*"

(2) *" f'*'E'li B +4


(3) +&,L+^EF, *
(4) A: 4fii
fi

I
I

B&

"

4&4n.* ,h?

sF" Et

ffi m

r
t

^E
BE

l rk?

t
I
t
t
t
t
T
t
t
T
t
t
t
;

"

I
I

I
I
I

l
T

rl
;

(z) ++-*rf eAL*+

(3) 4&T E-#JriH*H

(4) &fr-4kst++n,
(5) 4&,iL+'fr,4f
(6) |'+rkiL*d"

(1)

Il

(3)

T
T

rl

#J

"

/5+\*r

r"

"

El'{sRdtrrX-JL"

ffi AAn How to say it

(2)

T.

(axE) |frLfilrl.r+ , 'l*.tLfe._oo

(fttr

(#rfiL) r*rfr+,4?

(tJ)AE) z^/iB, 4&-,w&_f

"

L-'41
(78+T )-x9, *.Xi_T

A
B

(4)

F) +\

(E#L)

j_f

"

4t

*.-t- n$46r+_.

-.

A
B

(s) A
B

(t) t4ffi, 4&T_^T_?


( ffi-L) ++\, *.sR.lfi -*sT_"
(Ert,^E) ,.I. if , .fft j_ *T "4?
b

(E

^)

*f ,

4j"sr}-i-"
.67

ffi m "il +*/*" fH

I
Fill in the blanks with " Verb +

*"EEE-fr + i Fi4,e,

t n*k+qt+,

f *tr'

,J'4i

rL iq

*+f " ,l'4.-il.f5*"

o 4a-+)&J Fi4',

_r}_b

,J.f,iif,, " *,,b4k


".*.1*f4
#,J.*it&T

*/ *"

o" ilX.,
h,,.F

T
*t,*E'J
*lJ

t,A, 6
" d.

',l'f,

-4
" I-,'tiL:

$-r

r,

Jo

\fr4L:dtb4l,

I
T

*tt

&
ffij&fiF,*-, ,l*-fe,J.
f , *,_x{.-E#T+
-AJLoo" +i-i , " 61 , 6
fo
&
&n, *.4[& +b,*.. ifln, */

I
t

T o 4e'+*"

-*lu,

#. g fr"4

,1.

d.N,t "

ffi gmiff, Read and express


+Rr\re *$l+irn fu'fr"'l*! x-attll T , /o'l 14 +4ll'l*
-L+*" *".fn *.kl ft-z+ + , .4k+ & 4.*.+ffi + , +'nn -Er+
+ , .&&.4.J rt + x, Fl h4trl, *-lfu, 4 , 4t'it*o.
:vt.,*t+f o qrF4rt*" AtEt4ffi- Ak*o EnX..o *&*-ff
W.ilAiluf , x-E +*Ff , El-LflH*. -f -*)L, t\ffirA

*ro

.^

*,ft Fl +|n*p}{<T ,
Fi" Ew,v\,

,?/x'lir

&nfr',

, w ,F-af4rsr t+H

-+'fr'k9t*4wffit'J'

++{.. X**e'lift4r}

trJ

"^

'u:^2:r;:-:;:" , rR'fr.,48" Er;in.t*" , Nfrnk*-v\


.

68.

, *lJ x4*_48*.-+"

ffi 5i(+

-J*

*,"8g

qS'"

=-*J;j'"'r

I
I

-l*

-4i-f*.

\r +

-.$l+*

ll-*

'FF*
x

*lr
*Tfl.
E-t'P

I
I

*i

*ti*

-L-r
.ti

ffi
ffiffi

"

Learn to write
"4

^sK*"4n-_H++i*t

r.:ff

---"1,r-.f En
,16l

/.it/frr,r i!

pr

!"1

?*

;i{

! r{s_

"f

.&"1*r

},,

;'4

t --q$

i/'&"
R}
.ri
.

#l,L
- 3J -t-r-- -

+ r+**
- Lr-

S.5

i-

/'",F.q

ffi

${

:t

-t:-

-]

'{l +

"4t.

?\
I

riir

vl"J!

I
I

Fb

/t

,P

f-*-"

lr b

ur*r

r"j"

Etr

f.48

---0*@-/l
_l
I

I F-ti4

Ti"

t"B,$
I

*f*;

'', F4-

.-e
gd,f
!.tr"F

-Ti*i-F--

'4

ft

i f'
ri-

JT

? t9*-

-l]rrfl:-

."r''L",*
,t
+

J.

-o'15*

t*L--

--t--I

,t

, \4,5*

!..

ls

,i-*
,

il

s4

,f

ls

"lF

-r-

- -.;

la

,i"'

-"bt*.ti

--E

:*

_t

__J. {,$

j
-f

.r,P'

*f*
I

;/

- -

lf

EA

;*'
"!d

f#'4..

s'iv

it

-t

li

?l

EI

:f

:4f

-.r[
-j:Jr;--

.rL
-.irs
{ill

- .{*
Jt*

'4
*.L

tf

--

,{

-d

.,*".j--

i
IJ

',e

*}ft

*'1I'

;"-ilb5r

l^

-"-3-c fi.i
I

r#-.
/t:,rla

T*i,"En

-.*5.1+-E

,fr

-..*RF"
I

sl*

t-F
F.

IL'

t"1.
.!
I

tu

-A
4

-rt1''

EI

u$-

'r{'

iJr"

- -i--+is'l {

'{t-*-

. 69.

*. "f t
EiFI

Kwn

4J

g_.4

( f;.

.......

ffire*t

rq_

(-) frFi+g

Afi IH+W*+ trtr *1% tfr ... ... )


+##, A , 4& JA E' *? I ,Er?
(

kl"a

I
I

.1H#-,

.di"

rll

4ea4+tT1+. af--4E.jt-..Afnof', fr&-f w,

tA_

4+ fi_

"

'tn'f 4k+, fr-o*?

rll

J+, #,Jz,

._,4+
.1H+,
. 70.

&oL

_+ "

E1*#

"

+" *"'8t-f l.,

orul ,& + t|d. fa,i*T .

*,"fr-vnf Wfr ffi4k R- "

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

+thtJ,

-,*.JL

t
t
I
t
I
I

tll *,

t'a^4v,b, X Fl + *-*,Fi t*4k t & i


I+J {*., 4lA+ i i*9+Ii.r,\) fa
"

IHIF: -*r 1+'4?

A'
^

k*t 1* ,

ft-int'q "

14, 4&+14-S "4 ?

A'

+\**,4

, ,k41,+*, 4e,--trLd."

FIIF: fr_4+ A ++fr?+,ra?

dJ At fu*frhYtwlktq#J+l
18#, iE_rLS.

"

"

ffi

(=) {fitfr*i+trngffi;

EIII
9

*= ^, ,tnfr,4hatif g, k'4?

LIJ

6,

ITIE

: *"ttRt, *._ffi-,U. 4e*fs-*4+ zrn?

*, *. ta*.*f ? rfu,i"f o Jb )-*"+ BiF, #7l]t'

.&-"Ff

, *.-;4.

W,h Er, +. i-

4h"fy,?

}t , r-+t 'k fr"-+k*g- .

*= 4&*t r&,nfr)"
+kE f," & j' "

*.f art,, *"x*.frfio@,.


.r1

"Lf /*t

,ErI

IIJ

>J ,ffi

CTEI

:*

fr,1T"

LIJ

4|,"Ld.otls,&

ETE

:*

'L-4k 9

" &+tkoL#r fr-Jb WwE, , 4& :L4f A t

4r

*F -,L

rEtr

:3

rlJ

tr Rd.

E R?

a.,Lt h #.

/.{"ft

't&4+ A?

1H#

E)oe jifti, *.+ +,tt- 4if

E)" '' ,

, 4e.#,t-@o

"f',J, ftFllr-

"ft, ,

1E

*e)R*ffi (
'.,

4&fr,4+&At+?

Et# *?tn_f

ElETF
. 72.

"

(=) +tnfitrlsfr:.t (tf,) W

H#

H#

i F 4+ A il, .

.1,&+, 4t,n,4k-++ 6 j-, 4k"fT.f tr + ft."q?

Et+ s

H#

I El"Er?
iA." ,fnj..jF,'l 4k,K, &rRtg *ft

iW
E#

g *n>,4
K

4eft_tA_"f.to *f ,fr"4?

E #= 4krfrfif,*.,rf
"
Fl,*+,

${rRru.

fr,t ,

4,{,rU

X,*"srt

H #, ,
E:rE#: .fgg$*. ,t,tov.
"

E #. 4&+*og, " ofr n:yf,,{.*+\


"
'#, -:o *f,f+*f4., +4*^4t,"

ffi

H &iA Shngc @ New Words


1.

4.

&, #r)

jTnsti

ex-per{ence;

io

go tlu:cugli;

to undergo

z.

E)

guo

( used afte.r n ver to indi-

cate a past action cr state)

3. 4rW

4-

zh yudn

to be hospit.alized

zhngyT

tloctor rf traditianil Chiriese

IJ

Yl

{.8)

medicine
5.

r-
t

(w)

bitter
i

6.

f r\%,

(Er)

zhngchngydo

prel:areci Chinese niedicine

7.

A).
PE

(ffi)

tin

sweet

8.

+*

Ei)

to feei;

9.

Ei:

(&)

mdi

gln

ruise rlrleries a.ird veins

(&)

ydofng

prescripticir

10.

t.o touch

.73 .

I
11.

r*tr

12.

1+h

r)

fi.

dnm

lJ:)

zhnji

nlaslge

llntl

ncu.pt;.nciu.ie

mcxibus-

tion
13.

fr')x

(&)

14.

.:
(a

15.

*t,1+

#r)

fongf

rnethtid

zhi

io

zh zhn

to giite or have s,n t1llpuntr-

lrexl,;

I
to

curt-r

ture treatment
16.

2w

(f)

xl

tirin

17.

ee

(ffi)

cngjing

()!1c{:; ust:tl

18.

*f

(F{il)

t,.l

( used before adjectives to

ho

indicale the cuantity

20.

Gr)

koy

roasted duck

{ b)

ko

t* roasl: to bake

k)e

(*)

di

( a prefix ind-ieating ordinal

4.

nurnbers)

2r. +

&

G,)

zhngcn

Chine,se trcd

22.

()

bish

svr'eet potato

tnghlu

sugarcoated ha*ws on a stick

23.

)fE#F G)

a popular nnter srack in

Beijing)

M
24. 4+

A t1

tF,)

tng

sugar

( Ei:)

shnmede

anl so cn

zs.

*+

(H)

qTn'r

( tr., iiesr sth. ) .livc or on spct

26,

1n8

(/)

gngqn

.rianc

74.

or: de-

gree)
19. WY,

ll

It

I
I

t
I

28. tR4'

(tf )

E)

tLf

jo

a spercia-lisr in ce:tain field

ynzu

ro plav (*rusic insrrumerrr)

le

exir:emely

to the grearesr

extent

30. ,.I. *4

xiotqn
xizuqrJ

fr)
31. t.4. (E)

Il

r
I
r
I
r

29.

I
I
I
I
I

27. "' e

32.

*?ot

Gfr)

&)

violin
concerro

song; melorly; conr:efio

hoting

pleasing to the eiu;


rnelodious

33.

{.

Gh)

34.

( Fl

hun

to return; ro give back

mo

( inilicating rhat the reason

is

Ee

rbrrou.s

Zhudnmng Proper Names

"+fr)91 H'rbin
2. i+ rh h
Hinn Do
1.

Harbin (the capital cf Heilongjiang kovirrce)


Hainn Island

3. *

Ti

4. 4
5. -fk'I?-

X'on

Xi'an ( the capital of shaanxi Province)

Dnhung

Dunhuang ( a farnous city on the Silk W*.y)

6. Wfr" A

Yhyun

td* Su,l,ruer palace

1. +kE

Ggng

thr: palace l\{,rieu,o

8. &]A

Chngchng tlie G:ear W.all

g. fi'rE

Hung

Shn

H.

10. K +n> ( Ling Zh)

l\{ountain 'fa

Lhe

yejlow River

Lir;rtg 7,hu ( narne of'a violin concerro)

-75-

I
I

Et Effi Zhshi ffi Not"s


er.o The

Yellow Ruer

) tffi ,r--8ffi

A piano concerto adapted from the well-known song The Yellow Raer Cantana

fRffi#ffi (Y4^FE) ( 5K)6+,fi-"1,


+ft'tffi" +EFffJ4N2lF.
(verse byZhang Guangnian and music by Xian

7frEi6fFffi

Xinghai). It is now a classic in Chi-

nese music.
certo Lang Zhu

+tFh ( #'f5t 4 ),
EtJtF*lA'fr#J'ffi

E'fq

H. lhEtJ+Rffi + @l+t,! R lEl'FIS

The complete name s Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yngtai, a famous violin concerto a-

bout a traditional love story in China, composed by He Zhanhao and Chen Gang.

"

t&T

" ffiEVdi"ffn- e1al, t,iHlg"

*tkT"

is used after adjectives and

+T+Lt
xn-f

some verbs to

r-&-f
*.,s le-f
never been

incate e highest degree, e.g.

tLf
+gktx-
ill.

ni*H " -.....'&,......" 5Ei/H6" Fla,


In Chinese

"

-,,.,..."

designtes total negation, e. g.

(1) A: 41.6&*$f tr"S?


B: 4-iAiq.f1..
(2) d""6t f %-,*./L+, +t{tt"
(3) +84+'-kl&iA.}..
(4) *\-,| f r+tA.it.
.76 .

MJ1.n,

*_&f

t
I
I

t
I
t

T
T

I
I
I

t
I

t
T
t

Literaliy) Bonow in time and return in time, it won't be difficult to borrow a-

gain next time.


.,iE

" ,8 F +EE

It is a Chinese idiom, which


should retum

r(

it

F" ffi#EJX,

The modai particle


firmative tone.

It

IEIigi*

t
t

*,

DJtrB A,H.I

Ht'

means that when we bomow something from others, we

SEiJAliF-=i
rr

fFrr

will be willing to lend you again nexr time.

" *rri$'l4tnl}fti$.4ffii n n.

when used at the end of a sentence, emphasizes an af-

suggests that something should naturally be

., trAB{JiE

back in time. Then people

,IF#7AiEFU FIXE.

something is obvious.

TE14.

so,

or that the reason for

Yr @ Grammar

+i
Indicating a past experience: Verb +

iaffibffia:#Eli-"1 "i"

#tFE* fr*..
i},iBf E, %(+ t^. SEiEit* tutFffigr.E ffiJAH,
"
'When

tF-t^f+*,

a verb is immediately followed by the aspect particle * 1* "

that the act was taken place in the past and is no longer

, it

indicates

in progress. The emphasis

on the past experience, e. g.

1) *"utif Ri f E .
(2) Rf Ev\. , 4t"*tLF. },-,+fi"+"
(3) d."fif tr+F..
(

.77.

is

t
I
t

ri+,F'FR*.*T.

,t

I
I
I
I
I

(4) *"'t*r.4t"
(5) *"rA"jt vehv,.

(6) 4,v\Ff +{i + H)k?


(7) {fi*,+)&rk?
E,il'iF
Indicating the fregtrency of an act the complement
of frequency

.iH"\

"i#". "ffi"- "T" +tE" t#g:iuf .(7,, f[ .,,


Wnf.Eif,,

?l'i#i

" MJgn:

The cornplement of freguency is used to indicate


the number of times of an act has
occured' This tlpe of complement is formed by a numeral
and a verbal clssifier such as

ulK"

, "F", "ffi", "T", etc. The aspect particles of "7,,

.78.

an

..s,,

are praced

r
r
r
r
r

t
I
t

after the verb and before the cornplement, e. g.

(1) 4e,Ki;Af tr.


(2) 4i.f -TJL n
"
(r3

) .+ ?rj *..&."

(4) 4,t.&2,, 4)-Ifr4hr-i.


(5) ER*l q f rR*" nfr,- F
o

RiEES +h &i1ht, *fiki?Fi, E^f6{tiEB,,I,lki+l'}FHi,


/\trturcEiFt', ElEiEtE " 6gn:
If the object is a noun referring to things, it

must be placed after the compiement of

frequency; if the object is a personal pronoun .

it is usually placed before the eomple-

ment; If the object is the name of a person or place, it can be placed before or after the
complement, e. g.

(6) *4i_- )kTfn"


(7) +&-,*\"a.f& - )ko
ZiX,, * 4&*d

-kiho
(s) *v){Cf *i- k+ E"
,q DJiI,,

^v){'1*jt,f E-;A"

(e) +j""ft-&_iR{fr+"
bbfr: "lR" il r'i"
Compare, "lk" and. "i"

"lR"

iJ,

f[ '"

n*z,t1fr-+.kl", {B

*E',

5E1E

*l^jtFilth3l4:*1#

fftJfin'

l " and " i, " are both used to indicate the number of times an act has occuned
but "[t" emphasizes the whole process from ihe beginning to the end, e. g.
*3( \tI-

rt

(a r

(10) $.^ +4kfr,'. *.


( i1) $.4. urtt<fr

tt.fr{ffi&f

"

-tk.Lix- n*&_.

.79.

rl
rl

tLffi: "i$" 5 "T"


Cornparer "" *d "T"

II

6=tT[8"
The negative forms differ.

*:

Yt (^) +&iFl +

(Lz) -+ fl*";q.it, T.*vft+f^*f .


:t7: YA (^) +dJi"1 (^Ei^ "7")
( 13

) W xug"Vl fr,Fj *iX-, 6 +.v&+fif "

6J+,1,8-Eo

The meanings of

(14) l"+ f

sentences also differ.

-+ia:,+f " (E+)

r\+-+ir-i+" (z+T)
(15) +,*+rka6*f fEo (f[a+E)
+*+y"6--*t.f
&if,frlniE* "ffi"

"

(rInrE+tr)

*F&"

An ordinal number is indicated in

Chinese

by adding a " ffi".

numeral, e. g.

ffi-X ffi nk

ffi-+e#A 'wt-iK
"ffi"
A'ffryi"f49,H*tJ5tr ,
Sometimes " ffi" is not added, e. g.''Jsn

a&

wn

ElmA Lidnx @E'"r"ir.,


@ i** Phonetics
(1)

!l!J

ru\

fl+fl+l)J
jTnsl)

Pronunciations and tones


jTnglI

gnmo

I
I
I
I
I

-A

before a

I
I
I
I
I
I

kdn bdo

. 80.
.t'..'.:',:
'...l

t
I
I
I

r
I
r

zh yun

ch yun

zhngyi

zhng

fongf

fdn f

zno znen

chzhng

ynzu

yunqi

gngqn

gnqng

(2) tsEi* Read out the following phrases

*-jt

*7,fr

*i

*tfr

*toL

*T+L-r +tLt
'=x
ffi-x
E+
+"fS tHR-n i

*rd.t

'6+

T
L

"6

it

*+rilt,

'24

*ttxt
'fiw f iR

"fjt+ tr{t

*rrtfr&
-+aFJ

fr rz"d.

t+'ftij

t&+ T

{+jt-,i.4

y)

-k&,ik*d.
S gf$

-i/.8.)kfr-

ts

-ji-.&ikr*j

Substitution exercises

(1) A: 4&"4i+ tr+'4?


B: ofj" /)X-'ft:-t.

!
L

(2) A: 4t
B:

rt-t

,R.

t tr e f. t

*\X "f.jt_)A"

.81

(3) A
B

4,ExtLd_++,RH,

ik?

)k_. ( \.iq.4rrld.4.,,8" )

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

(4) A
B

. 82.

4t,ur^

t/*if

A'4?

)k, &R-ffi')ko

I
I
I
I

t
I
t
t
t

I
I

t
I

t
I
t

I
I

I
I

ffi i6iag

(1) 4"f

fiII in the blanks

i,.4=.

(3)

"ik "6d.
t

(4) 4e+rK ,f_,1u6,

(s)

*t4hfa, 4kTv\-i{,j{"

etrv

(6) 4e,ia'*4+*?

,4?

(7) 4&4i
(8)

Rf

, iA.l+d. xl#J I "

E v;l..\"l+i*k

(1) *\" 94.*-fi1


(2)

K,fi.

fr_-

(4) AX-iF{.*" Zr.&

T
T

f"

nfs+F-'frdi.-

(3) i^,1.,i*"

(6)

.) -L
l-_*_

S.t4. ,k,Ljitff

(s)

jt

(2)

Choose the right words to

f z\

fo

t.
fr , *T"4?
lb

*rF

, iL*"41+'fr-

(2)

4*1fr , N+*"411-L
+-i**\,fn 4.rk- +

(3)

anl-r+T

(1) *.,ux

(4) +\"*

jR.

i*";i/* wfn)+,o
+'7

, ,o-+&'4i,'frls )L "

. 83.

ffi

(s)

*,xfr

(6)

4e,t+).8+*"ffi'*

+E

**nggJffi.ffrA

fEV"

in,, )k
-4+4L*h.

I
I

I
I
I

Practise after the models

T
T
1) -*.-,R.Si H
(2) -*ffi )t jif,l
(3) *i:;nJb

rA.-*t

(4) -*--

,t-*.,'rJ

ffi

TEffi

/-lj+

rt*tr^
,4.*r,+l

* BN,H)E, E T' I'4FE

Answer the questions according to actual situations

(1)

Jtf

vrffi4&didx;+ik_? +.

(z) 4&ttT,Rt

tf$Ftr

f H)k? *,;n r

(3) 4t,v\3,f E Fj)k_fi? frd.tt.,.A? frt-4rzuuL?


(4) 4&frc#n1+illr

.u.

f g ,J,nilk? fr&-4+ 2,t,ih?

I
I

t
T

t
T
T

I
I
I

(5) + f vl+t+t z tvi?

t
I
I
I

"tFe + tr R?

(6) 4fi-*it'F,& tr ?F?

t
I
t
t
I
I
I
I
I

.ft

(7) 4e*+ E vxfr r-4+&)k?


(8) *. f

vL

(e) .fft"fif

ffi

l,'dffiJ
(

.f&jt4+ A

4t,4+&-t-dkfi? l+d.4+ a
E

+ t,Er?

t4it
rr

? 4rjt

Eyfr,,Er?

+d.f tr #-iL?

Conect the sentences

1) il.iL n tI, *\-^nt

*t';l;*"

(2) d"-+Ri* jt,- i^.-i{.


(3)

*f

Eu\.

(4) +1"-*f
(s

, jk-fr E A..

ET,

tE-+1.*"*&+&,"

) +\'fti iLfrjs.- )4.

(6)

4'f tr , FJ*"' Ein L.


. 85.

ffi emiX

Read and express

+-iiF, +\4n+4fr\i+'.F- "eiT +i", *rf4kf-/as+


i*)*, E*aFl:. tl *{n E T 4kr tEtS , " 4kyxf *.itf n )yfi?"
"ojf g K)k?" , " hs.f E "uj)k?" + +" +\l4 .&: "
-iAS. j{. )k-?" ,& fb-9t, nfr.Y *R-i*-it" ^tEl \.t l"l fufr-,
,

41.

-*_L*t , :r|4**t)F*rl#, 'ifr., "*!fr, d"i,J'h-if , +f.Z,..


b*ItFf o" *rfr-"frF-*"ktJ F+, ;i/iE , 4t.L1/'t? d, "*\-
r\-44""
x-FlgrTif,.tff,rL-

&*
+

*#t x, t*'

f , 4kii4&*\ #r +

nflnff.,"
An

" ErT'tN., ")k o ^, *I"-iftri

&,iyt*-it

,{.

, *ft4.frlJ x

.awJtt'^

-loY' o"

*-.'frf XF]FI t.-nt', " ^, 4t,frl'fr+-#J, 4T r-EnX'tF,u, 4i*,it: )n,{l - o"


'frf t-rt.,#Jit, ji **fs-f " ErTnN', " ofr X-fr'#Ji, 4/f"ll]f/

,# -4+ A "4 niLn*,f o"


Supplementary words

g*A
hxiong
2. ifliF, ' shu hung
tn ln'di
3. i{,$
lidn'di
/g.
1.

*mtualtr-v; eeu:h other

to teli

to;be in

lie
lcrve

lriutnai ]rve ietweet:l man


and women; to be in love

6. XF
.86.

t
I
t

?l'if,

4. * *
5. ,;+

I
I
I
I

loshi
fn shu
d shng

verrcious; getiuine; honesi

to psrt cnipan'/
iontliv

t
t
I

t
t

tb

lrF

r,4ti

.l

fi

;,1$itF-

. rl

--

\:,
i's&--

!,
rrii

i-

--i

r--

fl-?}.

1,";;'A

ti-"sl

r?

a*l,4

r-*i

i",,.,{

--Fit+ii
'1=J l4'4
l

i\1+4

,'l

!4{

14{

#"ffi

.1.,,
ttI1ls

}-i i
6.-l;d

di'?"

",frI

*",j,e'u.

+ri Etg*

__s af:

fi.q

lq*

11"

'{i,Ed

ii'-

-\s,

;ry-

+?t'

JS

'\i+-

it**

T,ti'!?41

il.
-ffiTb\-

'r'y#'t
=-lilhl"

Yr)tu-

;r,e*
*lli

sw *ft,

llft'
;'

"

---#:q--

'"ii

---r4l;-

'+"t

"*$'b,
,"t;

l-ir;

\ii

I
I

t_r
rl

I
I

S-,V

r.$\i'?

"TL{,"

{-ilar;

tt,b

i'h

{rT

rlg-

,?

ly

_i:l,r-'- _

",TW

li

4"-,ll-tft.

\;riI
-:;:.5?

"

,.r.?:t-

-- r{b.u'

t'

i&

'i$"'

i.-fu

':ii;*

\ ;qd

.lIIT.lTT.tITTIIITIT

"q*

\ti'1t

\ ,+-\

ti

1 i{i?

'!

-r="

!l*-

lJ"\

lll"-

ql.!"\,

i\r*

*;q;;r-i

- ";4.J,Tt

'eqt$P

liha

ir
I *s"

I
l-j}

-i$ir

,1*=,

lEl"

rl

---,-1+

I
I

rl
r{

l-v

r-

lp

;-to-

9,,

\l - l-.

.* .-t*

*1 irf

4.

a r{
.i
(*{/.r

i,

-hHr:llib"b

.'.

t+1"

'+iru"L-
f',

-$"

---'tH.-rL-

l..r-^,

41.

*[

rl

a'

F.i

r-{

o
p

.{.[

Jnl

ffi

d._rwi.*ww _t

ffiifr
Eixx

Kwn

ffirext

(-) frEERffi$E-*tffi
(frF'r2ar.Z,frW+E',1+4

, ftffiT _-fr?HX+ trftill, +xi*

t
t
I
I
t
t
t

rz,fr......)

t*r, /6*f ! *TK^n f "


T2t)fr, 4k*T I ft Fa 4 , 4t fr-4+ A tt 4.$-fr'1?

I
t
t
t

frtrrL:

frELL, ,f RE| rlk.


E$t)fr=

fr*+

fr4i,Er?

frFzLL

Ezt)fr
frELL
E-Zt)

.88.

, 4k 7i. 14+ f

!
I
!
I

t
I

r
t
I
I

t
I
I
I
I

t
I
I

t
I
I
I

fttr,LLt

)k , d. i.*qn

&_"

EZ'F fr_Eh t,4?


frre,tt,

, f'l I+l 4lF.nll -- Kil4tiIl r " 4+_,4111s,2x f - +


{*l&w , *tn:r[+r+\ lB 4&,4t1 r o 4&*,v-+\ 4t f
E 4{. #=fr++ , Ft n} , - *f tr l f*)&A , 4t-i* Y
R_J

\"tBH'{"
Ebr)fr: jt +*+/r.fc.9 l-1
"
ftfr,4|z

k"

Efr

* fr\ 4 )fu,fr f

frfr,4L,

4&,+f *"4y g *# .
?

*f " d.t[ *,8+fr,f zr-, x_ *f


.rlt *#J

E.t)fr2

"4

rfr4rf

, R-&t]^

"

*n,tll*Jrq?

*R+R o f*lW1 ,\*lsft.e e f

frtr,LL

^R-,
fr 4*-&ffr i-hr h

E r R+,

"

*?

EZt)fr

4+

frtretL

f* W f-ifug -* f ; -fR * tn # T, n?us + )L


k, +}"4 ,lz+t*kg*--*. 4xT+ fr-a )ee
ft.tfl , Fftv\tfrfr*rfr
"

2W4,kH

E-21fr, .fi_,rU "Lf HF"ln-$-Aog

.89.

t
I
t
t
I
I
I
I

L%^ (

% tlq EY ft Yt -le

q4 w + 6 +w ')/ lgy p.4 wdy ')/

E T

.06

El

gg\r ,H4

LE.YE Y H V>ll
WW E

LYr

Il

.#H

trqg! aqtr 'FY 'g'+f 'H4

"4*
taYa\t # >NLa+ ' 4x(ve

>+t

"+f Y

#F L-#ver$ *{EtE Lw ,#H


Vif

{ "*& qep 'Try

\s'Tlug'H Y +' +E', %4e wT\sF aY.*ry"

ilt
--f-.+.

l( %H *LE*YV{A^-)r tr + "WW E E #N
L*{ Y'

v *rw*x( q4v *yw+t

r
I

t
I

" (,% H

kw'

(,

%B4

+- L *'

Qv+-x k

*!4

*'ll:ls' *H

*xt

-l-

:F

_q,
-r:ts LU

4E

LE^r?v * *XVH
* qr-V +t{#Frra^ur+

'f;V*H!
L tlv

sntrrltru+seix{ ql>vt ( = )

LC'f..

a-C'rf,.

"EV

LE^r?v# (,% W

" rrv*Yg*est+

"L

L*

J.tel+B>t

t
T

t?v>+L'

IT
..suFH

E&
-+

#H
i
..._+
iCJ'.1n

ftr tll

gpg*i

I
I
I
I

I!
II
lr
T
It

tt
tt
T
b

#:

EJ EJ , ,oV,

fr,, 4

Aiq
1.

')

"
Er

R,, *.4n*P-4.

t*

>J

^fiV,E

"

/'m

Shngci @ New Words

n x-

{E>

qintin

tlie

k
+rf

lr'\
/\ "tr.i

hutin

the day afler tcn,rro,;v

()

doyu

trurist guide

ynjishng

g'raduate strdent

d gng

to do part-tinie rtcrk

ria-v lef*re vestert"{a

4.

qnL
*r

5.

f,l

J+l

't )

hyng

to rnake use

6.

4F.#A

/,#\
\+ )

jiqi

hclit.la;*

7.

f,*4tiL

\4)

'Y
luxrngsne

traveling; agenc,v

8.

,fltF,

{.. &}

zzhi

to organize; arganizati*tr

9,

**n

(f.)

lobn

bcss

\xfJ,

xydo

to neecl; need

11.

&
frrX
+z#
,a

(E)

jTngchng

risuall-v; uften

t2.

LR

('s)

snoujr

to g*ther; to colieci

13.

-...ffi'

yi...ji...

t$

T4,

+r+

-.| ?t
\ +.)/J r

.Ar

npi

t* an:a*ge; atran,gernenl:

15.

*# eh

-"1,
{ 6i-

bngzh

to

+#

-.t
t,4fl
)

bng

3.

10.

'--

ryr

8,}

.- \

'&

'fj

\J

.to

soiln

of;

to use

a.s

hcip; lielp
help

16,

ftnA

Grt, fr)

xTwng

to hope; hope

17.

+*-r&

(&)

til

.-^:l-.....,-i. aat..t

tt

1y

'91

T
18.

,KJE

()

fnggung

sc\neln'

19.

(-,9:)

shngliong

to consult; to disor-lss

to

Lal'k

cver t4th sb.

I
I

(#)

gxiong

l:irthpla*e;

2t.

ifTt)

z)yu

free

22. i+a

(H,. lrt)

hudng

activitr.; to exercise

(irtl)

hxiong

ea..:h other

('i /

lowdi

inteniatiorlal guests

20. +k

23.

l+a

24.

el

homettiroin

internil'-

tional visitors

25.

( Fi)

'fr

( uoeri

yo

*
in plnce of ll[r'J" -ot*ten

the precet{ing c:}araster


iir

sou.nd

0, e, i" o,

ends

or )

+T
27. *E

(&)

bzi

{F.)

tufo

hair

28. HRH

G)

ynjing

e-_ve

29, F

(.#)

shngdido

ton e of Ch.inese characters

26.

Ee

et

NH

Zhunmng

11C}se

Proper Names

1.

lL'+

2. *

fuL

3. i.rl

Kngzi
Dnnsi

Denise

Shnzhn

$henzhen ( a cit,v in

sLlth Chin neai

F{<ng Kong)

El iIffi Znusnl @ liote.

Confucius

+tr4t,8'Maffi&x"

I
I

I
I

Confucius

t
T
t

Iffix4JfltJi7l. IlJf;

ffi

.f,"

92.

|l

r
I

I
I
I
I
I
I
T
I
I

Confcius, an ancient Chinese thinker, political philosopher and educationist


and the founder of Confucianism. He was from
Qufu, Shandong Province.

) )* ,

MlE,,

*" ta"i+ri,4+

Zfr&6% neither so good nor so bad, passable


Er I ,,, p E -- ,fr:*.p_+\,R_* *f

(2) re, 7,.8


*.4n

Er

^/]U,EJ

"

careless, lighthearted

,,, *ilrfl* 4 "


ional Guests

+ tr^fg
"

ZrF"

r,E^nflsfi

*ll"

is a term used by Chinese to refer to all International Guests ( It is not

unfriendly term.

@ i*i*

"

Yf

ffi

G.a*^a,

yriffi "8""" t" gEitE,a kLFxrc0Bfl'l. j,R..


f,"t.. F 1.,
('"
qI'86" 6A+ "F" ,E.FS"
rfisruss" tr+,
The construct ".,. h4J" emphasizes the time, location, manner, purpose,
subjeet and object etc.

, of an act that has already talcen place or completed. In an affirmative sentenee , " E" may be omitted ; in a negative sentence
" cannot be o.

mitted.

rl
T

rl

an

.93.

* fr

The affirmative form

I
I
I
I
I
I
I

(1) +\. () ++)LlR+trt.


(2) *..1n ( ) J/. E f<l
"
(3) 4' () &n +]L*to
* 6tt

The negative form:

(4) *.n tu+il4il , +\E-* W +#r "


(s) ),^ R_-+A+t, .&-rR-&*t.
(u) 4&4nz^fr-s R + *t1, -4 -K ilL*#r "
dri'lin#H in]tEFtH, FiFHnk& u fltr" "

F!:n,

If e verb takes a noun as its object, the object is often placed aftpr "ffi",

(7)

4t,knFlU4 ltL'r+?
E)v,i + r ( rf-i*) "
4frEA*#r -L'47

*" 4,n +/L*t -Li4"

A
B

(8)

"

-......Fn......!! E+*-f

"

-...j..." links a complex sentence to indicate

e. g.

t
t
t

T
T

'nEJ"

I
T

the second act immediately follows the first act, e. g.

(1) ++\-TtKitt *4Ro i


(2) ,f, * f H ,5[ f< f f ;* .
(3 ) *L*fl- + Jt-:Yf,"^ne 4+ f .

;'Y/

the first act is the condition or the cause of the second

(4)
. 94.

f E /*-

't:r/+.v4.k fr-* 9l "

T
act,

e. g.

I
I
I

Ih

tt
!I
tT

(s) *.-.R
(6) +-",
(7) -*

tlb9t"

tr*l&W,

4eFlq1F+\iB H .

Indicating a degree 3 the reduplication of adjectives

[.iF rMEiJ'q

pJ

,fffi

, *ffi H. #fi frt#ia \&frtfr 8

AA, tr i+ffi-+t'tr' D),)L|L" !r ,


Some Chinese adjectives can be reduplicated to indicate a higher degree. The re-

duplicated form for monosyllabic adjectives is

th

retroflexed

+
\\/ \\/
liKi<.

AA,

of which the second syllable may be

, e. g.

1) #*? )L ,l.t..rL #f .,u ,ie.rL


(2) *" ail|r H+, k * k-, f E /-- :y|r.v_*,fr_t sl .

(3

) ,A, 4&,iI_,1F-)LiL "


fr'J

fifrfrt#.i,"llpt}:

IT

tT

H:v./*a#-"

AABB"

ffiHH. gqffi+,

.'m.)rE,+-

The reduplicated

,EH-+Ffi-El D)i**tr" iE,

4G)ttiFtr-'J-fftFffi "ffi," o
form for disyilabic adjective is: AABB, in which

the second syl-

HH)(X, lHiHHH, q
disyllabic adjeqtive functions as adverbial , "I&"

lable may be neutralized with a neutral tone. For example,

4RR,

etc. When a reduplicated

is usualiy added after

it, e. g.

(4) *, xi+jft+itx,, T4t A :yfu*rti*

f.

Il

T
T

El

%,,A Lidnx ffS Exercises

ffi ife
(

1)

Phonetics

yht/)+i

Pronunciations and tones

doyu

doli

xvdo

xTyo '

liyng

iiyu

lobn

rolun

.95.

yon

ynji

(2) BEi*

Jru

zryou

you

Read out the following phrases

qntq*E

ryni+

ryni4N-'

nxfu-qn

i;
. .
/71i /7Ji ')l) jl)

u- LL r5 t
-J -J DU D1)

+* +*
--..
tA tH E'E

? 1

rrl rr/
7t7<

*:rf+

- "f-l,1
-A

A:y/i'X.

-A H:rtiv,qk

- TiR,y/,?_,t_ - TiRf/ g +
4

ffi #ffr

Substitution exercises

(1) A: 4&-*jbif

T"ErT

B: +
A: 4t.fr4+ Att4,X.+t Jb--r-,r
B: *"--i+ E-fr*.#r.
o

(2)

lfrA,n$

)L*-#r?

+frl.&A *Vr "


A: *fr-* +/-*-#J'Er?
. 96.

Jr

-ii*.v

;p\qw"]'if.fl?.fr,

-i\kn!*, 4 :ri,,fr fu,4n

II
II
t

4 *_,

t_&_sR y'r"l&W

-*.-l .

!ir

tt

(3) A 41,4n*.B*h4EI,4?
B

*f.

4k4fi-.

*"4n frYi.1,,+*#J "

A+#r?

r|

t
I
I
I
I

(4) A 4kk*-w +fr1'4?


B

.97

4 #t t
W" ( *.st if-7* ftE*"4t1 X++t ")

(5) A: tk #J )t-i+ k"flls


B:

6)

.98.

d"4 i-+ *

- ft

-,v-tr,*.v

JL

*,fr-h tl .

ffi itiAlE*

(1)

Choose the right words to

r.1kf tr b 8Lt .

frfaA

*4?i*-xxl] *rr"

(2) ie,
(3) +\..

fill in the blanks

k*kh i{-

f++t

(4)

*x- n,l-t+

(s)

4+,il,-4.fr-**k*AJ
.* r).

t-

(6) *I.
(7)

ftt fl

+,.)n

4\

( 10)

ffiffi

+*T

. ,{fr-f 4iJ .
f"

Y #n1+ "

lA *fi.

(8) d,rn ')f-tl n **raE,


(e) & *-

"

44

+6nh,

"

v\frfr+kg*ffr jL#r

#*r.

Emf fiJtf,*ififfiU

*",fn*n&4if -*,

*f

*f

9ti"

Compose diaiogues after the model

.99.

tqE6 *+)1, n
(2) ,J.lK }.4.
(

tr
h+

1)

(3) 1ft++
(4) ,J. -L
(s) f'+

t*4ir
#+.

#-u
L+

1) 4&fr-4+ AYt4,*& f Ak1?


4/r.

R_*"a g ,ft_tt

(3) 4k.v\r,tjf

(4) 4kF-"A

tr "4?

){kffi tuk?

*#tl

(s) 4t.-t,\*fr,ht
(6) Rf

(s)
. 100.

H z;l6,fft

r4+&ik?

41,fr_&,nfs)L+#r?

ft+

nn_

ElE-

Answer the questions accoding to actual situations

(z)

++ A

gfflz};l ft+

z\,*.

ffi mmxFn,H)E#Tri{ru
(

CI-K+A Fl +
4.>(+ fr..,&W
g * +L+ t+t

I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

T
T

# {fiEiE#,

i$

j-tfi*i

Act as a reporter and interview

A:
B

4t *71

A
aF XFI'JtJ /J.

A
B

+l"-lt4 tr *.

A
B

A
B

, *"ftft"*JL-rt-

"

*"* tui+ i+"i.* + "

.A
B

*"*6h'-+f+"

A
B

*,fr,4+4ktf "

A
B

*. g 9A*-+ A4k? k

, Ftv\)k-4 {,lfi'1r E*8"

A
B

^En"

ffi *la+

(1)

Complete the following sentences

*"4X_pfu:d

.(2) )-4 &RF/


(3)

*e,-Arl&Fiil
.101.

(4) +e_*"6

(s) i{-4t+(6) d" -

iI

fif
tJE-f,-:vn

,AvJo"l.i/,

(7) 4e,- TiF,-rl


(8)

** a

_a,

t
t
t

ffi 7fffi61 Correct the sentences

(1) 4t'fr-4tAvt4,^*T

f E?

(2) *"fr-E**h Lf

t4-t

(3) 4&,k++)LA
(4)

+\+f

*f

"

f"

^R_*.K+#r

I
!

"

}i6.

(6) *"il-+ tr 4+4Y--Er Et ,.

(s) *&.fr-,X-T+{ f

t
(s) '

. 102.

*',Lfr"

flfl

X--fu*

k4l4

I
"

I'l

I']

ttr
tt
t

IF
I
I

e# ifmiX

d.-tT,]

tl
Il

LEf tr +jtm+tf,l*, fr-t* rF

i,X-tr6]lrl e jK+i*.t )F.**r fl*.\+tL, 4sfr&4iTtl-stt


"
4-ef n t )<+ 4kM.4 4 f tr t )K+ , fr+kr.&trr_t .f.,o f*

i+?WXrf,"q*f

, *"k*+ktfl*tf , nft,w*ILr-, 4&4*,lnlT-K


lu, *.*4,J fi 4L+#r+k9 *-.*. +RT +e-a ieaw.ifl , +ft

fr t*,)fro

:il'iJ

Supplementary words

1.

jion

ti act as. . .

2. 'ft
iKRE

kt

is-que; t*pic br stutly or tliscussion

J.A

a::cl;

^l-

ffi SX+

at ihe sarne line

roith

Learn to write

F"

Il

/rlblt, ffi+i

i+4-. .RS_-*8ffi, fr*.&4i4r" *r R_*+,(*= , R_


rwif4i H -*t *,,R_t*4i m fi +f *#u,+" rxtrx.xfi r4g ,
"
Ei*rynL, rynffirYruR_ (Aa f E), ,rArltl eI.R *t?stl+il4iiL**rr" jt )A , 4,4t1g1 4Xf - +ill&w, *+/.(i./;n|*\t*H *
f o 4tt*s-a\"*nH t(f E]{ Rft*+, fft, **+,trJ f*.,&

I
I

I
!t
I

Read and express

iJ6

:*:i*

i*

irir"
tr+'1.
li
IF

1?

fs

:_i_

"d

_g__!

* "jF

::i*
.,ii

-,i$l

-*l* '

-r.-::L

f.

"-

-tgI:--i

:l

,, t' I

i:
i:

;{

i'JF

jj-a 9;:3
,f.:

g1

I
I

+i3

gir

i.i,.r
d"

ti*
"tt i

sr^--lI
I

"
,)!

n.
t^,1

IFrLJ

--

./,,i-;

I
I

-:?l i _

"i '"
I

I
I

. 103.

-
o

-l

I
I

I
I

',r

t-+t+

*;i/rit"

f
I

rI

I
I

"r,l,i_

I
I

I
I

!.

I
I
I
I

I
--r-

--'-f

'r ht

_*J-t+"",gd

_":i:.!

-,"+':-'

rir

-+*J.-'l

__

,-.,-":iL'd

\-," i

--a+fdi--*-t,"*

.+iifl.flr

!,.,

I
I

*"3.t*,""

-tl

=tj.p,!,
.r",Ff.ili

*-:.i'i-*'

--:1-t-

."";'Fi;r.d

- -.ai"Gi1"

I
I

I
I

\ti

I
I

,-Lhlv:

r t!
-- --r''-I

--'l"li"-

,-".1..,,

q'"

--Li!-'-'

:r,{"ill

4*"1+

I
I

;$^,+

--L-

*t-'

t"

I-

-"'

-v

'r'

I
I

Fi'

"5

--b.ffi*n-

4l

-;:'qts'i

IE

.;i,

),!{

i
_L-

rl

LI

-P

I
I

I
I

--i't1

I
I

'--l'r*.

--

ui-

i'r

+ji:l!

-..)-*

"

'f

I
I

e*{+t

I
t

-1r+?*-

,.il

--'

I
I

i!'"
irit+
e

I
I
I

il gu

-l

tt

-l

-.:-

r1

:t

fi

-',t+r;"-

-*."i!i.-v

--"";|+-;-

- - -l--i:-"-

,--)

'.'

.:--'

----'. - --

. :

i\i
ll'

lll

-'r---J----i
rlr

._ll
rl
rl
rl

,L

"tilt-.'a

"--:iF.""

-"t-

r.t
-::i]'lS,-

-l

I
I

-911{3k

s*Lll,t"
i!:--5-dt la

l1

,1 ,

I
t

I
I

-:?:i:-ja-

_ffli$:

'01

y'*F;l*

4*hFt

I
I

-:-'i--'

*ir.*

-'-'r

1"",

-.-.'- ..::.:.

B'J

-l:ttti{ip

"t

Ef

--tiii#i*
l.Llsl

I
I

-- --[rts*-

*"':hl

--+t:--" 1t

+*Jr.i

,,*l'rrt
- - 'rl'

'frI-r:

rli+i.,

'i';"*i

'ii+i1".

I
I

.\1t!'L,

'

-**F:tt -

-r':,i''

-,".+f?-

.J-j..:1

Fs

--+i-?

---Fif-

't.d:n

---r-\i-

"rii;'i.]

---k--

.1".-:.,+

---L-- I

----'a'-"

I
I

_L---

I
I
I

.-.t*.F
---f--

I '*r
t

-i-g

' . . .'-.'-.'

ll
I

----t"-'

?'l

!,ir -!;L-1i
?ur l*=,

-i!'F.
t',n-

I
I

r_

:-'-.',.

*\"t +r re.4&*dlJ

t|i4f

Kwn

f rt

ffirext

(-) +tt+Fffi'fft+ig7;E'ffi'

i: \ f *F re.41, +\4l T )X- ?


E: )k-, d"*{. T 4 X}k+\, 4,kfr-4R-ikE/^*E

x'

+P

H:

aF X4t,

re.*"-Rn

4iilAA

^n&*ktr4+
X' iktr*,#-J++ft-A,Ef
"
E: 4t, A,f?

E-ik-.
A rT

*:

*}"- Hll &6_&_i/ i+4t,f


H.z f.l *" +*f *f JL +l +1 or"T ,
"
"

,Er?
+I. |J

X,

fr-E@g+d t1"4?
H.z fr-, E4k#r nA p A.E.*d r\ ffi

^,
*: oFI

f " E-*. nf H?"-yikl p Ag. l "


^-

. 105.

4k#.-f-,K._-t-w t.

ffi(:)
A

4'++tkxt*-'q1

- {t ,

4&ik.Arn,Er?

is- 4+ z +z_?

A:

hf fr&,
u\6f "

rterfiffi

4&,fY,?

.*.

-f {'.

+R&TytT-oL,

ft+\*rv\4#, t4f*.rf

: *"tf.4-- +t'rs,t )L^reff

A: di"'Rrl
"
,e-rtifrf,

el]

b|4,^+-4lJ

F)

nh}-:,#

*iF

8k4l,K ( Etr*l
++
" , k&_ ,

h-Ltat+Ltr_"

+ FJ, *"i& *fr

"

16 *

B: 4& A X- t4F,hl
A: .+ffi l-s.-S., ?-ftyr, *.&n Ift f --fK -*pz
" *fi"
B: 4l,q ery$-t
A: H-fi*t
B: 4. ^vc4ke#- t"ht
A: , g #r fr_" *n, - 4 nn &_, &- *91 Hz};j r jg
o

106.

lr f

6V

4F-,

t*aZ^)lr, i,,:rrt,+Ay,^+f

*tr rh * sB fr J* + # r,-rd F,
o

4b.fq

ri.#

B:

&n *,b\ f

A:

*r[" f
++

El

'4?

d4,f/(i]F-.f,"

fl?* *r sn fr fr .tr

trK, r

"

eiJ Shngc ffi N"*

Words

(.)

fng

to put

2.

ik
*x_

(&)

bdntin

quite a v"hile; half a

J.

|)

zho

1.

clay

used after a rrelb to ir:dicate

having reached a goai or got

the result)
4.

&'vt

(e)

qionzhng

viga

5.

1]a)-T
lp e:t

(,e)

shutbo

b*gt

6.

{-

\)

jio

to hand

7.

*T*? )L

(E|I)

hohor

to try

8.

ii.e

ddyT

oyer:cclt

9.

vF

(&)
(&)

kudoi

pocket

di son l sl

fb::gr:tful

di

tc lase

(d)

td:

to he ri**aiing; to for:get tc bring

h-fL
12. ti.t

d:)

fxign

io fi:rtl

{&)

qim

iali fan

13. q-

(E|})

( used fc,r *:rphasis)

t?tr
15. hf

(,&)

chngd

extcnt;

wile

for; in order to; for the s*lce

10.

*zw
4
-+l-l.

!\n'
(d

11.

14,

d:)

il

handbag

in;

to give

cne's best

,-t

to iiiscier

c{egrcc

. 107.

16.

+if

\i
Ais

17.
18.

zhngchng

\.1i )
( r3)

nonni.il

us{.ral;

'l .-,rr+gula^r.
i

,/

chngrn

io iigrt+e;

eij.mit; to recognii:e

tc

fo kung

io go niarl; to be crauy;

to iose control

1e. 4fr tr

20. S

zt.

48,

()

jlnbioosdi

iturra:rrent

(ffi)

qTjion

period

r)

xing

to look os

shng b)ng

to fali il-l

22. *-l-a

it';

I
seem;

iik*;

sr.ich as

23.

Ak

{&)

bition

duy

24.

*fri|

(trt)

jTngshen

rgrous; spirited

.I

ta paste; to attac:h a ilin slilr en

2s. n

*!)

daytime

samething by glue

26.

&+'

(-/"{.,

27.

Ei 4+

(-ffi)

t)

tngzhI

notir:e; to gire notice

zdntng

to suspend; to stor for fhe time


being

28.

#.lL
EA

to ry

8)

yngy

in

stl)

gu

rear:hing a ce:iain pairit or ceriain

]:.rsi.ness

tr

(6!)

sun

to r:onsitier; io regarri *rs; to

:*unt

31.

9 fr.1 fr

du de shi

a lor of

32.

t sn

( H)

qTnyn

33.

#+#

(,fs )

shijib

the tr{.orld {Jup

\gJ)

zhn

to aik:lv; to pem:it

c zh

to resigrr

34.

3s.
108

'li

+qx

see

rs

lyrny;
to

exlent

30.

,,r:ith *ne's olr.il eye$

T
T

t
T

r
I
I
I

I
I
a
I|

I
I

I
I
I
I

I
t
t

./
Jo. -9
J+L)a

()

zulhu

finnJ

; last

r,/

37.

(4)

chng

gg:g6d

38.

,ffitH-

{it)

pif

to tliink highly

(rrt)

bdng

1
r'.
:r
good;
fine;
excellcnt;
strnirg

3s. ++

Zhunmng

of

tr adrnire

Proper Names

1. Et ir+l

uzhu

Europe

z. E-#r

Xid Y

Xi

Yu ( narne tLf a Chnese)

El frffi Zhshi @ r\otes


+ " +"

"+X"

'l,'*a.BE, i,i.,\Hl+Ft'|f, LL&K"

in this context means "a long while"

JLTFEH

6l+ "&"

!,8,

"#i:tt".,

"+tn"

, *z\TXFi4'!ffit*.

r4*rK"
"ffi" in the sentence means "in my opinion" or " I think"

and is foilowed by

the opinions of the speaker.

El mi* Yf @ Grammar
The sentence with a subject predicate-phrase as its predicate ( 2 )
,ffi

-.,'i- +iEitEx+

f+ +iHj.E iEEt

-xt'

" EJ+'\+tqfit't.,fr.,

H+! *i

finXihrfElf5 fr4rfi+eE. 109.

I
When a subject-predicate phrase is used to describe or illustrate something ( the
subject of the main sentence)

it forms a sentence with a S-P predicate. The

sentence

structure is

EJ+friJiE

HHETiilfR.

fffu,

Noun 1 in this kind of sentence is often the object of the verb, e. g.

(1) r+4fitk4?
(2) b-^aTv\l'oL, fr,#"ftl
(3) dj.ir *Plia4t.+\l f iLfi

, r4+*.ti.f

"

). lT. FI
The complement of result

ffi

iul

*ft

#,m iE

(F

verb

,l

#, , !T, FX

+fi

lH l.:H#'+h frLf H 4b " Ri

t
I

t &ttf

il

"

ltgn,

This construct indicates the location or position to which someone or something is

I
t

placed through an act. Its object is a word denong place, e.g.

I
I

T
110

Il
I
I

I
I
I

I
I

T
F
F
F
T

tI
It

(1) +\ tl

(2) A
B

(3) A
B

*4tiktr"rllJL T ?

*.i +PN,4kiknrtuf
:Y/ik&4kt1 v
, rK'q *"

A-s

f"

4n *i.,fi."nP ,7"7

*1,#.lt,lLoe,"

dffi)il+ (zho) verb+ffi (zho)


#?rdrrc!

!flJT

T *"

R.

F\n,

This construct indicates that an aet has fulfilled its purpose or has some kind of
results, e. B.

(1) 41.&1fl(,&+ *,+4t.*f .


(z) +\r pW.4R+*"+\ )X?
(3) 4,ef ,4?

ffiia*ff

verb+!f

#rrtFt#4'J T#., +^ffitf5H"

FJgn,

This construct indicates that an act has been finished to a satis$ing degree, e. g.

1) 4k#r;*nFcih*tf ,4?
(2) HF f-$ft,r+\tA.*f .
(3) "ry<*+,'-.+tf
(

"

*".&*nt

111

ffi a:m * rI

R.

verb + FJi

#r.tLfrR,
ftjin,

*SlJ

Ei

t, H#WWrcffiF* TA{4,t fl'TffiiFlg#


act,

This construct indicates the completion of an

something

is done, changed or

unexpecfed outcomes are brought about by an action, e- 8.

(1)

A: #+l\f

"Er?

B: *,b\ T .
(2) .,ffi *k.4e'&1+ti. T ti+"
(3) -+ ((dr' +4t\ "+\" +f
(4) iii# fr4+ Ltt4'k#-ri"l ?

Eil %A Lidnx ffi Exercises


ffiffi$

iE Phonetics
(

1)

Fj+FJ+r Pronunciations and tones

hzhdo
zdntng
zuihu

t
I
t
t

fdo

tngzhT

tngzh'i

zhntTng

qTjin

qxidn

suhu

zhngchng

zhn chng

T
(2) Hji*

Read out the following phrases

t|x ' +f+k


iktr+l{a,E- ik*+
+hrfr M+l'l +
*\ T
z\;l;+

112

f +xqE+-+L

LE*L

+%*4*!r

&+fln-

+I.

E7

+K

4ti.di

E l"f

H-/5!" J

5\

,J,'tf

#-t\+i

fr\/'*F. fr

>\\a

I
t

t
I

IT
I

+8$

et4
(1)

su bstitution exercises

+\t P F.B. 4kiLE flI(/L

ik-Ei(AA-trT

"

t
t

(2)

T
T
T
T

(3)

t
t
I
T
t

*PN.4l.*\r rL?

d.l

+\f

4+JL4t.fe+*tfr

i+*!Ff "

)L?

. 113.

(4) A: 4l'4+ Aftt4-'-+*"#r?

B:

*.-sl]

*:Y/i1't+4kf .

I
ffi iilfse

Choose the right words to

!
I

fiIl in the blanks

I
*tw.4h-84+Atif
4F,#t&r-b_f jL?

(1) *\t

(2)

f?

(3)
(4) tlts+ fr,Fj#.rX,#.4&*.---_

(s)
(6)

(7)
(8)

+\+I.T-++\t.
,frnt *,4l/lfr f f y
g* nn L+,#,lx, fe'+R*ls

4R&Af

,4?

I
I

k "ft/,., kf

, _it,.-_a#-w*1

"
I

"
I

(1) HF k*"fr
(2) 4hx DvD
(3) \*_fllt)L,
114

-+i+h&'H"
)k?
+\ff4&*oe.

(jt f)
(. f )
(jt f)

lr

ttr
h
t
H

h
T

(s)

ir &+'fr.+/}E*\-

(6)

(7)

+)+\ (-%.+N-trr

(e)

.iF iF {.

( 10)

_4,ffi m

ie

1)

(4)

ffi H+:i.t

rrl
r
t
I

\ *F-*rr* -L

"4"Ft , NE"frE
4k,#J4f#-)L,

Z^4

Jy-

B: ik
B:

i)

&J

of result

"

t iyfi?
of

"

v{

"

: .ffu*.{[rt_ft

(6) A:

(k

4Rr&

, + k#J 4F tv6tA.'lti

nfr"t-*"*l&4+

(5)

e_)

f )k,fi?
aF.bk*," 4n
- * )t'ft rs, .

4&+X.

A: v{

B:

.,\

(,k

iFrH* Fill in the blanks with appropriate complements

*,8

(3) flts^+

t?t)

(,r- )

"

fo

e\re

(,R,Lh

L***"

(8)

(2)

(j T)
(jt f)
( )A _)

(4)

A ]fu,T'fo?

*tj.po

4+4L+h

k#e

4k #J?

-4.Fl +-

+\t.
i

# maiAfE+t'iFfHtr
(1

Fitl in the blanks with verbs and complements of result

) kX *#r nfs++rr + 4,

,flls

HF

()\ -fK,
"'fll
(3)

++,"LYi--

(4) fK,q. h

*"

4+

)Lf

A tfu,i"fa?

#Tf"
B-L, ,6 2*+?
115.

l!

rl
!

(s) 4k*-hJ**" +41,


(6)

^{.4- H ,

fo
-}.,*4+4+ A4L+h,f?

*"4n

(7) +r-J LTrJ*.4.it

'foo

(8) fll(lKp,.fi *" t4.

ffi ffitl
(

1)

#r*4

"

Correct the sentences

aF

f.-sft,L, d.4{ t, r+F.

(2) itfK"E h *"-,frn:vn*-+4b.4"


(3) *rfr

t ,

ittn4*".

"

f , wh
^)kn''E-t'+

(4) !.TTn

+t;:rf,"fr

W Unn

rn-%.U,,n

tLtrfr t'itf

"

*T#+"A

. 4,'l$Xrt-A #Jft+ fr-fs#t )L+


'fnA. ,l.- , 4&'i./iti fifsfi)L+fr-+-A,
--41" 4&,ft,4+&
-v,fr+

+4^+ kW#J +++sK,l.,f,)'-tl, n:t it tV-,J'.,f,1-++,,Ef J: #J *-,|fr -*.rK,l',


4in-*+ , 4br1* -4i, -+- e*ts4*fr4tfr+ hl
"
. 116.

I
t

Read and epress

, -+'\+f

I
!
I
I
t

tEf

T46.

(5) *"*'f %EjlLlJ EA++ n + 4


"

(6) A,iL4kir,

I
E-

Ir
T

.*, +ft+l,r+{,rjf k1ft+, RKR_lt!-t*pxu+Ft, +E_L f "


*de! ft+ tt., 4-,#fr nth tLa, fr,4++_&_r&#J +++, sR,J.,f/ul
fs

, 'iN"i#J tlt-.rR,l./'1. -f+ , 4#J -

^-++
48''J'4'^,)t

+FiA

rl
rl
T

Suppiementary words

1.

fzi

8)ie

2.

Afsn

lnj

neighl'ror

3.

tu

to steal

xiotu

peity tlrief

bioqng

expression

ynxfng

words and deeds; sta:te-

4. ,J',ffi'
J. f<'l
6. 4t
t

rt

meirt ancl rr:tions

!F

_-+-- A*fs^

!T
t
!F
I

-4i,

ffi gX+
I

7.

4a

jdng

rllovemertt

8.

r'X#-

knchi

to c:ut

Leam to write

- -,f,

'*

g rh
,t- r-;?

+"'f

-:bJ*'t
t

-di

r*

-t LI-,

hi

v-

!t

-*:

:ti:ff

_J:9:+t_

-:--ts--

dl

e.

E* .d-

--

r1:e

"$li
I

ffitt-}

e*l*?
- F *

.iY 'E"b

L.ElS

J'l \I

fi.newood

ui-**

/.

il:n

-,;+r-frb+;
I

l .s"-

?r'"i-q)to,=

--1* t-

.i**
,t
:-\

ii

'I

3-,,

.*''s""

--/'q-iw" I !i.f

-r*i*
,.--.|\s-\1!

+-&

-.d-r*6ill+

$t

.,i_ f

_.4

i
.-:.

_r 1-::
_t_ ):4i

"1f-;e

"ti:\\.I

I
I

--L-I
I
I

::

--a+

*.i,*

-"i

-i"t

+-.1:--

.s:r*"

I
I

-J--I
I
I

.117

J
J

I
11

--t--

.L

'J.l

-';[fi?"

fi '

i\;ir1 i

- '.\i*-th-n

-ii;ilit-

'rli

ei'

., !

iTrs'

*i:{;T:

tiT

";$:!*

!"1

\,.1

*,: t"d

-r:,t-

itnt
''Ip

{*-t+\..E d

{}+,

!t"t/

#1,ri*

lr!"

-_l!.-'[

""1'tq

q.

{ i4;"
l1'

la

,Ll_-

r;1.!'*

{ii,\\

I
I
I

---t

'h"

*,hb.

,'fr t"
++
lJl-i",

ir

.i'

'"

^jii
!

ft

.fF"

_r-tL

-Llrt"

,tf['-

f
---r---r---

4**"

\-h
{:.t=t

[.4| I

i... !i-:

rt

tl

).d*r
---a-_-

r=-:-

H si

4*r

.*r*

{,

t{i)

!t

frlr-

11""
,'&

it

ur

'd

ll

-,;r5iiil"-

'.. ! -,,L*::[r J

t"i'

..i'lirr I

P;

=l Ldi.!,-

.lt" rl

q,*i
-trP'
t3

\l

--l

--t

t4l

;;^i.,".-

\qi i
-.*lE ,{

i!JiJ

*"s,

hi
"L

*
r-T--

i"l

i:l :Lg-

tt

. rrt;'i+d

-Ib

l-.

.-.?r"_..

---a---

\'.i

+q

4
,t - ;"{--

{'.,

"

jrtus

!!r1-

-r"^h it'l.
'? -

:4,1,

,.i'*.

?,J.-

-s-

l-r1--

fi;:\"

rj

t
I

_dl]i_!! _

,:i

'.

,_

'j,!._

ir
J L-

I
I
I
rl
I
rl
rl

ffi\ift
Elwr

rt
T

t
r
t
t
rt
t

rl

Kwn

*\" t HYbfr,+

ffirext

ffi(
(

}9EE':

EF..,z rt.,*?
LBEE

....

t"l=lii

)ft{tt'!ffi,Hrftrtrffi

4FFfr#EWtkir!flR,+.

*..ltt

t^f

a,q( h

.....

n*

,Er?

I.

w.4+&A++?,R+t
-- E/H/Ho

&.H-

l{,Frc,4+iFfr+t, f&f&
fis4kit o ,& n, t4 f
Ji*f

= i)l:

, -,{, )L.)*F_" 4k&.tK,


',*-a&l -++.

-F

t<

irKEe+t

. 119.

: l. E- A ++,'fr,4+ J<-*f ,
&+t, 4*,,' -t+"

igEE

&fr,' Szt n

i F-iR

f -,. JL o - fk:#.,l+

lKoe,,o

= ikr\eeJil ? ikj(.- lF EA/i+1.


*fr., ik di. -f z}+ #J:Y/i4t f "

rgEN

(:) +ttnntgr*tr

ttrqffiffi
(

"
-fTgxt-+t, E^^.8, W+ L&ifir'tEl"lffi" " )

, ,F* /Ln&4 .

rjr

-'t

rJr

R-'f + *\"8r7

Jr

ffiff$#%ffiffi

fr_, - T g;i/ ,h +, x_
nfiI-*s 1 4 X, \

r+Er*}.g#*f =
+^+f"
il\H

4t.k?Hk+fr,,EAf

rjr E

t,l+-f

Jr

/L,F*

Jr

4XslE4+4Y" *"ml
+8}-L4+!^t "

/J\H

Ff

^&9.

t,

n:Y/'"+

f _-si, Hk&r&-

*#tz

+\{.-l& !,+ + Ltl:

h 4+'o
q-_, 4,kf,l F",. l,

, 4+ +A|4fcitfr} E , 6 I

v\

4Wf#
rjr

*jt,n,l
120.

4+

/\ K 9,

#l

/\X-

, ..fr_\ R_+/fl 4fr#1-4 IF,W Z-.

+ {"
^
+ kffi4+k

I
I
I
I

t
I
I

rl
I
I
I

Il

rl
rl
rl
T
T

rl
t

i/__

* 4n 4t + 4l t

J', <+tui,-.{r
rb-- + ?, }\rF R_-__--+
*" &*f 6._*t,l* h_&tt zxo

-+

Aiuf Shngc ffi

New w.ords

1. ,q,

('jf )

z. '&,

,fl
4. t,
3.

zhdo

to iake (a

phonc)

xi

to deveio:

(afiim)

(.ii)

bi

to clk:se

(&)

yuhud

oil painting

s.

ikx

(C)

fdngd

tn

6.

tt*i

bi

iinies; -oicl

gongten

centimeter

7.

/^r>

8.

-(*

e.

nfr.

10.

F*t.
12. #

'

13.

HfuFn

14.

frtJ

+ft_f

1s.

4t

&

16.

+vi

1,7.

+
+

chd

),*.,1L

11.

ji tE fE"

(yi)

dinr

,""

enlarg;e

rlrno,qt

png

to rnr:et; to run info

()

qi

( a. classifier fo: accideit)

iF=i

sh)g

accident

\frl'

zhng

:fuil; whole

(/)

ynjing

gLasses

bi,t le

Doir't rnent.ion it.

domi

being

shuoi jioo

tc have a faLl

shuoi

iq:

dido

lo drop

d:)

.ii.
(.1V)

(a)
("i)

dt-rr,rn

firll;

on one's luck

to tuml:le; ta l>reak

.121

I
I

18.

'

(&'t

}.

grottncl

shdng bon

to go {o rvork to be on dutY

xid bon

to go off wotk; to knock off

( /'.i

bozhng

gnarantet:

IztJi

/ --l-

znshu

to abide

(#)

guTz

rule

( /J)

zdochng

t cause; ta bring about

yngjT

to lie c:owtlecl i crowcletl

zhyo

niain

yunyTn

IeLs0n

le. t-t)r

T I'E
zo. 4i.e

zt. . +
zz. *L I'l
23.

24. +nfr

zs.

i*

27.

( 'l.

Qt,

fiJ)

/\+J/
.,<7 \

26. L?,W

Z-

zhT

*s

rrt)

2s.

*t,l*

.itj

30.

B-&

C:)

zB. 6l

dishong

yI

b-v

one of

yinqi

io

gnkudi

hurriec{ly; ciickly

fzhn

to clei'elop

cruse

El &ffi Zhsht @ Notes


",*/a14" lHE ft$fr. *7J^ffi"
I

This expression means "not good" or "no good", showing dissatisfaction.

polour is a little too dark.

"WEif,
iffi " I7\!n i
. 122.

+T (_-) ,F.JL" *flR#-+&iiEtEbV', fgHTiE. #.fr6

"Adjecve

+ T (----.) ,f;JL"

suredwith a criterion.
(

It implies

1) e+4F+&

(z) a^+ f

"5FT

in degree,

when mea

dissatisfaction.

f -,F. iL
--,s*

suggests inappropriateness

JL

"

" t.,88' ihT. tzi^4$lFHil^7iffi4#'f,'fii,,l

7EiI,. ^l*Frifr
"frWT "

. lfrJin

means "Donot mention

it (to me)". It is said when the speaker feels

that someone or something is very unpleasant or annoying and does not want to mention

him/her/it again.

Sometimes

A: 4t'F'-Af 7
B: o&, fr\+R-f ,

it is said wth an exclamatory tone, e. g.

Hf

x-a*i/'L+f

"

Adverb. Functions as abverbial in a sentence.

A. iHFEtr'Fkls{, */rJt+ ELffilke p"+., 'R+,!,H," Fi.

Aif,HfiEXAEfr ,
If

,B.fHIE

" F]9A E.+.. F!n,

the thing referred to is undesirable, this phrase is used to indicate that

happened but didn't actually happen, and connotes

it nearly

a tone of being fortunate.

The

verbs that follow may use either the affirmtive or the negative forms; the meanings are

the same, indicating something did not 'happen. For example,

1.

+k+L,

&r i8lil

*,-,*JLj,&ll

"

/4r.'Ft

*"-,*./Lrti&rj" (#F

2. *",.tLl+4el

" / *".,JL

) -+4r. (#FYH48)
. 123.

B. inFtrf$, ",F,JL"

,mitliflH6rtnf , *zs,trIT, H
R+t,H," diflffi r\ Bf , #rrs Eifr i^qrl,, ^,lfr ,H. j,[* P ,8"
lYln,

if it is something desirable, either the affirmative


may be

or the negative form of the verb

used. The negative form indicates that something did happen (finally)

connotes

a rejoicing tone. The affirmative form indicates something did not

and

happen

(eventually) and connotes regret and pity. For example,

x-+f , *"-,k/Lit*" (x3IJT)


4. lJ*..JL +t* n, *,-,F.iL,}*4'J T. (yqxFIJ)
3.

" (-Lf

s. *"-,*JL rk+ -Lk+


6.

*+,

,l&,8,,)L:rfu+}f

. (YA-L)

not my day.
EU

i*"1 "

4H" tF7,FiEf-r$ fgE H

. FJII'

When the adverb *'4W" is used as a complement,

it emphasizes the highness in

degree.

(1) 4xlaJ+4+4k.
(z) .frnlb ,v.r +f.j+4+4k.
( 3 ) HF kt1 nf"+ft 4+*T4+4Y.

lEl Et*

Yr

ffi cJu**u,
The expression of the passive

frWl " 9Er4ii,


M=\fr,

t..

B tF-xt

passive sentences

*R at#nt, EJ t\ Hbfr. Et "

wJtu\+t8

The subject of a Chinese sentence may be the agent as well as the recipient of an
124.

T
il

I
tl
ll
ll

act. The former is

an

active construction, the latter is passive. When the target of an

act is emphasized or illustrated, a passive sentence is used. The basic structure for
passive sentence is

IF
r

) +\ t EY.++,+t^f "

(2) fi r*f f .
(3) +\*Pre,+\f "4?
(4) -,,#1+E 4&&l-1 "
,q,

I
I
I
I

r
I
I

I
T

ion of classifiers

lLi?*1si-"lffdlif,#FEl'{ffi,

4-fr"

!,H'

"

M!n,

Nominal and verbal classifiers can both be reduplicated to mean " every"

1) it Lb,q( fi fkfy.re.4+A14L{t.
(2) *1.{n 9r#r r'l + t\*rslR:9sh

e. B.

(3

"

D)iH

) 4,4t1vR*.4n rjrKlq-r& 'h lh

*+VV-+". fF{tiF ,
"

-te bv-7-

* *+bV-+"

ra\

"

ihsBffiFt'lgl tuIW&, #+hM.tLtE.!i}H" ET


i

is used as an adverbial to indicate the increasing ehange in some-

thing with the change of time. A similar phrase

is "-X!L*X"

(day by duy).

1) <+tuT,/.--+yV-+ 4 "
(z) +f @u\.8, d.-.X-!t -X-Hio

125.

Ef ffiA Lidnx @ Exercises


ffi iE
( 1)

Phonetics

}J+#iJ Pronunciations and tones

zhngyo Ynfng
shig
zhTddo
bozhn Yngji
YunYTng dlti

zhydo
chddo
bozhng
yunyTn
(2) Fii*

r64+4Y"
+4+4W

w4+4k

tLf

Hk&,+4f
4+

rLi'knf

E,#.Jt

(1)

yingj

titi

f& 4+4Y

W4+4'P'-r>

tr++4f
4.iJ 1fr4 *Tf

*ttr,t+nt
iRf-1*ft f

.,./LrA-i&ll

,,)L&q'

)J=*Ts4kE

++*F4k*h

Substitution exercise

Hl'.FnlTll,f

'l}.4+4Y

frfrW

i&lJ

F,A?

,V4+4'<

I
T
I

frfr-',f

fK.fkfifs4ki*'
ffi gf*

shTf u

Read out the following phrases

*?4+4W

nfr

ynjing

t
t
t

T
"

I
. 126.

(2)

HY"FntTt^f )k-?

't'14

(3)

A
B

"

ih*Tf
-#-*tf

re.h

"4?

"

I
:

I
I
I

r
t

(4) A
B

+F

JL4rknf '4?

d-iL4& n'FY,

. /'fklk n f

"

r
t

rl

.127.

t
I

(s) A:
B:

T
T

I
I
(6)

T
i{lK,q.s.

h -,F*./L^ i#..

I
!

t
ffi itmtHt

Choose the right words to

(1) rK,q(fi
(2)

fill in the blanks

I
I

4+*Tts_f "

X)41"+#r,/--+YV-+

(3)
(4) *\

T
t H.l'.Fu*F

(5) d"
ik_44r,1"
(6) -lJ T t')t*} frl r*L

. 128.

F_-l

"

T
LtrL
.e

-fh

I
I

I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
T

I
I
I

r
r
I

I
rl

(e) i8*" t:-4i.


( 10 ) i{.,t},q.d. fi fLfy**ls4&t ,
ffi fH**:il'iF FilI in the complements
( 1) 4Lb_
T.
(2) '1+ JL^4LL f .
(3

) bnfu*X"_f

(4)

of res'ult

ft+b_f

(5) $.HiRi\-,F*rLit
(6) i,*tu+
f"

fr

_"

(i) 4&*#rtJA*_T.
(8)

fttr-, 4k,#Jit*""f_,

ffi lf*A Corect the sentences


( 1) ,eg.4A+*" ,J.,s.i f

*\ .&-'fr&+,ro"

"

(2) *" zLnf +K*!4FtU.


(3

) LiKn f d,r/-* ffi ,E*4XF_.

(4) d"t a4i+nnj.,Mf

(s) F.+r-L$1+4k

"

n-,)+N_f '4?
. 129.

(6

rrls

,6.

+ *{, f

ffi *efFe

kX< ft't Fl

.^*i.

rl] .

FiIt in the blanks

,ffrtrfl[JL
*" t

4k,V,

- + ^E *ts$lrh wt itt. f,C

qR

,fn

iq.

,L+bR,

,J

f@

-+,J.Af, o ng
Xfl*oL{ft,

Y *" ( MidOnglo : McDonald) o * +f -l lL:yf,.f-tT l


gA J +/r lE &*"fl\t lL , )"n., " *F Ih,, , l +/r+,1+
@
"
, f *,-HR, Eft_6-R-f+Ar. A@
*f&FttE, r\r
nn.frJ+^ r+, f,@
4 ttt L, 1*1 o A +runflrk-4. , d-f/t -.
**FttLlhfr4Jfr*. nn-*ot, ,^f , 'ii-, +i.6+A1tr,,rzt, \*z
+ (Wonsfjlng) tuT*ls$tJlh. 4il,n,, 4&B{tn,frI ft_* "*Fltr,
th" o *"nn*-t+$- e,X-+ lE*6., X*frf Ail"n., Fl^, Ail
i+nL4+^*T, fr-#6)l#_"
slz,}5J , ,<' *14**"FlL@
r@
XF
1*1it.{++, X?.-*F'{ "
j4tr,f AK X-44+#r+
*"e.4,Yrl-tr W +A*rA)
jt-t* , k+ &-1F ^ *#r
'Y,4+@
"
:ch*t

#J

* f

"

I
I

,T
i

i!
I

@ UmiX,

Read and express

ilfr-.nLT , ijt &.1++,* * A, + rt*"- k},


,*.t
4X,li&f , r-'J rr,*.i, # + f " EtI * ll f} f+t fi, ^78i-,
Hk&,.-1+,8fut.+!^ f
" 4t,n.4a, Er4r E " &-L t-nfr-L-&A-
,l*z\,*. r + E\
F*t, *\ fi +.#g ,h : t
a o ,. )L

+Lfu)*-

. 130.

^1fo

^,}

rl

r&|l

4i+#r/-t , <+t1,\- 4vu*4 g ; fir,t xr.t


{_-il,.n'J, -_&_.b\ {--fl +trl i4/,8 E, li, rF i-.&-- + ji a *8"
ii,, *ft,lx.E-F'_tfu,+k. *. &..&_ "
++ A

,J.,

+l'i

I
I
I
I
I
I

t. 4+
'X z.

r
r
I

r
rIl

Fi

z. ,l
iq_.**_"**_-*

Supplementary words

,/

di

urrist; ilave to;

pnssh

il-quaj

pd

for fear; t* l:e r,vcrie<i

.need

tirdinariL'; n,rrmaily

ffi$

S;L+

Learn to write
I

I
.a

*,*e
.*flt-T"*--

'rlSF

I
I
I
I

-p

--iF
-

*s I

r{i
s*

_t-'sa

----

".1

6"i

-s

- 9-L

r,i
i-f,''"

b
]!-*

-r

::t

t,"*
-:.s'
,i'!''' r-f- -

- E-e

gt

*ri'

'I

t'_

!+4

i 1i
I

I
I
I

I
I

&-q.*"

--i,{.

_d
"T

.d

:'J! L-_

f
I

.-i*

'-1'

.f

-j'tr'

{i

Fd--

I
;,q

-A

.i:,i+

l)+-

liF

..*

_t_.

-rrL.

.}"

--+

G?

;"

ls

..:",
i;

-'
--r
-

=.t:

"&

,^*b

"iF

-s*

_.t

"-4-

"t

l-----r&r
!t'i

J
- -ji

:*

'J'r t*,
-- !
'j

- -,".j":.

-?:
?

--3s
f!

-t'q-r--,/ir

I
I
I

+*iJ*
3"rit
r' l;
I

--

-J t

*
*Fr
!3

-f

--i,.#:-'" Hl;
,r !_'

46

-?.-

-! tL-i*
.;: \L-ii'

l'i't+*'

-f,
8'1.
,/

-f l#..*'
-J* ".
I

.131.

t*-

--# !:If

Fi
!:1 r-il

gj :9t

--t

rd
L:

q.lr4
.=ffi-r
I

t11
ita

s-'

taf

s, 3,"-

&

-{---

,f

F.l

-et

f
't-

--

if

{..;

iT

r{-

l"

Ai

*,!.&

[3i

#.t-

1r,

&
*t.

L*
+'ir

'Fn

li *
--:Tt-

xi'r

ff,"*

qa*

.{ rt

I
I
I

!i

Jd

4i

ls

+-

rl
I

*-$,r

-1-

*#

+,c

&
l"d

i"$"
I
I

Ysi
ri

I
r

tt
I

I
I
I

t
I

r
r
t
I
t
t

t
t

rl
rl

4NfuK.*ATf
Ei+x

Kwn

ffirext

x, *"ft" *_A,-fu!fr +41 K + ,fr.-* * + " EI +,\. B *.4n +in


Lb+i." fll(R,J,rx(, *"4ng' f - + 4,J. ftI t ++ gtl" K +,ii"4R ji, gjL
&fr

lv9 + )8. &++ t|+\*rs M-i-:+frfr " *..fn.-++ )E A* +, xAiLfr ,-4.+lE. fr ttJ + ) g +fr &-lat #, +\4RX6. ,r$.++

, ftikL*, x-//. fr -++ ** t R-

RIeTR--

^ftfrt+ , *-hibf
fr. *-*t f IL/.'ffi
-Lbf i,l.ilo

^
*..n*p&.*-.Lb+

e trt, w lrf E r # ru41q&ht4f-.4+t .


#:f * +rf , *\cft.**& FJX,*." f-+\1[x-Ai-K
4*+ ,tr . \ lE - , $.-s. ik lk+tru ,J,tfr,A t #j DVD"
lnfr., , *X"+ll,+X," i,^-+)L, * /,vL:X,-&t*", d. &*fs
ftl{+ri: l.+t "\ fuFJ " *"tt_-,n, T +#Jd;iig+ 4 +e#r

,J'-r,f

, +\"e.*g*fr" *"fr"*_rt,Xf

*f

,r.K +}}\.

t<,

4" Kinn> +, {.

*flI -*,411*144r)&.kg ,
, :t/,,
^*r+
4.,J.' 9ft.+6, +\..ltl * h 4 fr" J#._r.fr*rsviilt-*
"
"

x,.o

^,r#t-,rrt
**'"4llw-l**1. T -

(4)

,J.

(,gat:,{. 4 f .

+\"4"

_.*_it_-^,J,tk4E

*,L

. 133.

++k. *"4n4f -#.t/xf , )L+F'4"Xtu+i , ,L444W*.HF-"


,t,nt-, d,ltlgt+"1 4w*f o ErlJ#*n, +\x,HrH, .it,l*E
e'J*+i+, .l^,4..f^,9 +\A+IeT ,J,4fr.fr. .t_j+*t, fr n
"
l il ru T fK-f.p, " l t|4t, 1A irt o" *"4i + .8, iE_
x *ffE_L* " +\"+ s-tx_-+af + , -)i * t&,4irM" E f +^t*,
kt
/q + .tr" lJ f n p, d;tT +a+, 4e t 4nfutn ffi F}4,, *y ',lrr,
4\tu^iL, +{f + k.iL\o oFr! +\,AA&.*f , 1Atu68
&T A 4i+-L ,n, +\"K. T &TFf o ftt, *.4-K "X-l.4+. +\
Ft'J*r,T

&* , hfr n,h-fr".-llE_L *t , 4&,+ 9+t1rr_*\

eiJ Shngc @ New words ...,...


1. K +

E+
o
L.
- 1U.

J.
^

-iJL
r<J_-

j\,

l!4

tshchng

book bazaar

(tr)

tsh

look

()

jinqu

to enter

t1bAfu..

I
I
I
I
I

*4+ *++

3.

5.
6.

all sorts

4-

(,lt)

eacir

++

()

ydng

kind;

(M)

xTngfn

excited

(&)

shji

bookshelf

d:)

xiloi

to come down; down ( used

x.6
+K
TR

4.

g zhng g ydng

I
rl

t
I
t

r
Il
tt

behind

verJ:

to

.inclicaie

motion iowarc-l a, iower or


nearer position)

7. *

()

chu

to take sth. fi:om witirin; to

take a part of'the whole

8.

ltl

()

tio

to choose; to select; to
pich out

e. t

t)

xun

to chuse; to select;
to pick

10.

'J,,'i

(&)

11.

E-*

yr)

xioshu

ovel

huqu

to go barck; to return; back

t
t
t

type

( used after^ a verb


press

12.

Af "'v\tf

chle...yiwi

to ex-

sense of retrrrning)

besides; apart frorn;


except

13.

tft_

()

yshi

so;

then

thereuion

hence

4?4*

(&)

yinxing

auclinvisurl

15. __s.

({t)

zhli

here

14.

. 135.

i 'f{.'\

nli

there

+Y+

1/*\
\../ ,.

gnj

on the hasis of I aci:orrling ta

(,)

pi

to sircxt ( a pliotogi:aph,

flls
16.

17.

rnovie: eic. )

18.

./ _-

-ETJ

box

(+l)

xid

next

9n

{\. -E,\
F-t ,/

xuqi

schooI iernr

21. 2*"+

t\.L7
.At't
)

zhixing

carton

\.41 )

L;7 \

zhT

pper

(&)

fdngun

restai:rnt

()

pn

irlate

24. H

\w)

li

tired

2s. H

iw)

kn

sleepv;

26. +fr

{&)

didntT

i-i{?; elevatcr

27. 9F4q

wixi

to nraintain and repair

le. T
20.

*
,*.

22. +-48
23.

28.

oa{:etY

erd1.e,tt$ied

46

i;J)

xi

lo repair

&^fr

\4J

/*7\

luti

stirs

(F)

zhiho

hrve

to;

tc carry i: one's hand. $'ith

2e. x
30.

dj)

*f

lfr

d:)

stairut*y

cannot but

tire *.nn tl*lEa

31.

),

(.

32.

1\fu

33. Y

34.
136.

k-tr

Ei

step

(.ry\
\-tr! I

ydoshi

k*y

(E)

qu

bui;

(EIJ)

hrn

sudrlenly; cui.ckly ancl un*

,vr-rt

exper:tecliy

e.*

35.

\)

xing qiloi

to remember

qiloi

(userl after a r,erli to indicate


the complerion of an action)

36.

l-

4tJ1

37. .Itx

cho

il stick

()

to puil .out; to pull uir

k xido b d

not tc knolv rvle$ier to laugh

ao ,+E + A
J(*-4-.ff

38.

in; to inserl.

\;5.A)

or lo cry; to find sth. both


funn,v and annoying

LL

nuonmrng

1.

Proper Names

t+

I Xun ( a most famcrus l"-rit-

L Xn

er

(4)

3. Kna>

El

iglx

in

modern China)

(Ydo)

Me:d.nne

(zhf)

Blessing (a rxil.el by Lu Xun)

(a novel b, Lu Xun)

Yf @ Grammar
IE
ba

Indicating the direction of an act: the compound complement of direction

lJdliA "-h..

-n1FfF;i'l.i,

inT*.

T.. jS., ,9.' El.. id., "


sLIFrr

+l.i,,#tF!

is followed by "

complement,

H ffi tuiH-

r"t

+l.i.

, "

and

.K,:'

.W.henaverbdenotingdirectionssuchas

("

lnt ((*" 4 K+", FkEn

*" o. "*"

it is a compound

"Y, T, t,

t,

El

and piaced after another verb to function as

complement of direction. Such a complement rndicates

the direction of an act. Some common ones are listed below:


137

\l
rl

,:H

+r

r* T* t* r* tr* *
i*

T* $* ,$* tr* it*

*-..-L&t"

4&,tut+t

"

.{t.t.t

t, .*.,fn.t"*"

't..f.+XH*f

**A"t.tT

tft,*f
138.

Ex

4,$ET

t7

"

"

"

I|

Il
Il

I
I
I
I
r
I
I
I
I
I
I
Il
It
I

"

*/ * " tF *z\ ! tFfr r 5 ii,i^ & t[ tF g- +h zFJt j ru ffi s

l-tu + r.

iEfH lE 69n,
"
The directions indicated by

rr

t"

and "

*" *"

determined by the reiationship be-

tween the speaker and the refer:red thing. The usage is the same as the simple complement of direction.
(

1) i&,*. * ++i-*

f"

(2) 4,r6,H **f "


(3) *"x H+-^+
(4) *",fn x#r # 4" x,#.*r*rsbrij-*
o

dif,-RiFFt', inRFiptm,glFfrful

i" ft]fn
'
If the verb

, -EfIA ,," 4 u+u Z

takes an object that denotes a place, the object must be placed before

,',, or aali-J- )) , e.g.

aa -1+

(s) *"fr nl+,*-jK

^ii,,

4+f "

* \" fr n-,4e,fr -* K + 4E T .

(u] i&.fn-. *kE=

f"

6iH: * *,fll-,t *+LEf


(7)

i1"+tr*
^:

i,1..

T"

+t-L_* f

iER^HiEEtzrSVJ*tr, {.tiliik#,:"t"

f' " *"

t r*" Z, tbtrJ UlkE "X

i" BJfrn,

If the object denotes things, it

can be placed either before

r(*" or "*"

or af-

ter them , e. E.
(8

++.^A tf+*,ff s *-4+4.L+h .


t,,).),tr ,l-95*\ s
-4+iL+h

+.
. 13e .

(e) 4k,

*"+4t*s4lztrt

4t.fr, *"+4/r'Xst4t A ?
(10) *E*s.^/.f E6w *fkgKh.
+E+E-/9.f tr

![RAiA^ffiRi

+w4k4,q(fi +"

"T

" r] Uiiiif,/-,

;il.iFZfr, tE tr'lilitEEJ

E. MIa
If

the verb does not take an object,

"T"

can be placed after the

verb,

before the

complement or at the end of the sentence, e. g.


(

11)

E'J

--f iF, Iq #,fn h"*rss6,T -* "

,tr'uiH,,

E'l

-TiR,

-*

4t1:y/*rst,*

f"

(2) fr n'*rfr fujt&., X**rst f d<"


,q' pJiI,, fr fl-,* lF

frL*til,

XZ.jF'"'iR

f"

iBRAiA #FLFfrfrtJR1E,'( T " ihnkfu" M\a,


If the verb takes an object that denotes place , "T " is placed at the end of the
sentence, e. g.

(13) 4,ht*rEr*T.
( 14) 4e.4n t_T#* f
"

i"

F!n,

If the verb

takes an object that denotes tirings

, "T"

ment and before the object, e. g.


(

15) #"+4t

* s *t

(16) *"+nn-+w
. 140.

-4+11Afr"F-"

*T-^^

ga+E t+

"

is placed after the comple-

I
Il

Ir

T
I
I

It
I

E ffiA Lidnx ffi Exercises


iE
(

Phonetics

1) #+}+rfl

Pronunciations and tones

jinq jinq shjid


ydoshi ydoshi ysh)
yingxidng yinxing zhiho
(2) Fi*

shjd
yshi
chT ho

Read out the following phrases

ik_L+ ,iT+ .t_it*

* #s,* et
ei{* ej{,F /E}-* Tt< *,k * * #_T*
fe-L4*-*f .t-T+**T t-t*til+f A$++*f
4eE*r 9f s++ai*'T rd.4r&*f n s j(tr *f
,t_*

ffi W+* Substitution exercise


(1) A o'fllAT*o9.
B

*fp"

Ir

r
I

It
n
It
I

(2) A
B

+-* E

fs-

T --'r4 DVD"

.141.

(3)

(4)

+-^^ffi+se**.f
ke,^+i+ sF * + f

X--,+,nlt.,t T

*,,fr-n

(s) A
B

. 142,

,fR_

41.#r4\qLH

4)X-fi,Fv,.

4+A?

- lL#tn*.

* +i n -* f .

*f

ik-?

ffi

Uiuf

(1)

'KlJ

Choose the right words to

4,'+*"h_{J

fill in the blanks

4tg,,)L, *.fFfr'

E*"

\&.*_.,P+ #

(2)

X+, *\4ifr.*_,&

(3)

4e&tI+!"sR4e-*4

(4)

fa

?tfro,4n Elt DVD"


*";YR,l*

"

(s )

(6)

fa-+ffi+

(7)

Hh)L4+ttJX.+, \

(8)

i* n+ ffi+4.4-_rtJtF
.ff -ti^-

(e)

$ it*ftifrfE*

(1)
(")\

gE"
o

Fill in the blanks with the following phrases

*s--^14+"
4*w -,i=9 f r,J'iR.

(3)

*' *-+'+,J.if,o

(4)

*-^+,."
#.,?tz**"
ejt.;

(s)
(6)
',.

,'

i"

8l

iel

s-,*. )LiLh+
6s--A,e+L*"
+41.ffi

"

Ft*-+ffi+.
lXt-ffi++"
1ts.

5+\tr+-4+

( 10)

4_a iL*h
"

(1) 4&lr+X-F-E-

=-A*P,qR.

(2) t4r il'hfu4i

<+:2
q
rt-

(3) tqr*44W

AF4*

(4) -rt,.6

)E

f "4?
*ffi4t4"
_A.

(s) ns-+

r&T

(6)

*^++

(7)

4&,^l*L

(8)

*",tr

(e)

4,b^*+_L

( 10)

rK,\.+

x/'-"

*4++-iL"

E_

- /trtxi+ "
-+4\A"
-,1 Hkffi,.

-^+"

ffi ++mE rE^i E ! gAg rq ;iFiF


Fill in the blanks with appropriate

(1) +\4nf

++ 9,J,ft!, t,rE

tQ-f o
(2) iJr,\',S.rL,
(3) +,^,J.,

compound complemenrs of direction

t'J*+--o

(4)

^&+fiLl+
J(Hf , +\in+\+)tun,4.

(s)

*" n i_k

EA k?
(6) 4Rfr,JT*f , *"+4,r,#k
#i,

. 144.

4i,hT-ft, t
,

tuL+4h

-.,f.,,t,

"

.f^,4--lLog.
:rti

k_

Ft

4-* E

(7) *,//.A-9.

-+4\A,, x*^/+\&,EF

16 i*.+\, ik+\*
(8) "+k.F'FII rt*+

,K_E

F,4,ik,i*T-La,
+gHifi,i^GHFJL

/e t 4i+

f.

vb'&+tl*T

(3) 4#r+fi+f
(4) *.{nA}*os.

4i1

fr ,L 4-, $L

nt Tt)\,&"

nfl1#)-.#-

nfl-rt)-.8-

"

(s) sl 94.+ft'I''* I

nf'Lt)\.8"

%.*sRf
(7 ) *'fn E -L ,Ji -* f
"
(8) 1\*"(.%.4*Hf< f .

(6) 4tt#J t,ii+\

ffi Agiftf

o
^n1+4^',l-f
t

l" ,fr iLrB\

Locate the speaker in the foilowing sentences

1) 4t,fr, 4&,r*

(z)

fia1

z]<

, +rt-z " ,ltb4t,)4

o, fria*',Fo"

*4

ffi

-g

nfli't)\,#nfli#)-,8-

nfl#/-.#ni#/\.-

Describe the pictures

. 145.

ffi

i'f-ffiJ
(

1)

Conect the dentences

}it'i1f +t t

(2) *"n*u*
(3

+<it

t*ki

*g+4t

"

"

) &z+fr tL*", :rhrfol"rd *.

. 146.

T
I

rI
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
r

(4) 4,^{+
(s

) *.4n

s *,*-&,#"
-L-*x- T "

+tLEr _Li/"K

(6) frfr1-a*? vl., *.r/rE-*H-*}.)4f

ffi *efH*
H+.

Fill in the blanks

4h*t" de-,4.rtJf

}, l

"

\-,r[E]O

=WA,J."

ffi -x-+I fr a *,
Fs_Tf.ts@

#r

*,

*t

ia fu trL*t

^xturL
*"lF.,ld}.,l*

, f. ii + #J nn -flYlir*,|+ , +l

"

*e,

A fr" *"6&-L 4rf


+
VjJ'ElF.-t a
*"4|.^xo 5*.ln EtJJ#Jr.t4,R., *pX.6,, XF o,l f *g.*, ft*.
f

f o T+, *.X-/l.'I*-@

, ,k *.!tr+ "

lJ

fls )L

u\.

4&4>

f o H d"4-*
ea + #r,l+ in
#"4V

+S eh

" &,k*f*4i

"

frn*?

ftfaA.

1n28 B
F 5)L+

Leam to write

.147.

lb*

-a

r---

iL;

"
c#"

:'-]

ti[-

4*

"Fi+

""1,.',P*

*-t

I
I

I il

,f":rlt*

.+.

*J ;1,*"

, -{l. li

"{r
..,++e{d

- -aif,".i:f

',-l
"*.-t"_

'ii+

t'*"i;T!

*'--e+4'

lili

**1-.

\E
**i*-Fs
tl

l4..'*

*'f+*

ll

f1...-

,t" :'&q

9l

-*ti:,.c*d

+!'L-

tFq*

,t.
/1.v+iJo

q,i4*
--ffi"

l1

rr

*,34,,{"",

{5;

qrl ,
L:ts'.
*.4F.r

,r

1*r$L*

{d

i';

d {lq;"

'qi
.+4rS

dltt1,

fr

--iISlclr

ol,*.'i da

!"tl!"ts-

u.ff3

t"Xlit-*

lb

!lF.

t_

i\*

l"l

'x\_
i 1.

-r

I
.

i.;r"

f'$

d'

t'd

Fr

!:,-

rF+

r!.?E

.+r{r'

*,ilo

**.,1*.o*

tlq

-:;ib*

*t:*

.',""fi1*

F:J

{{r
-T'i

--Tt-

---r-I

",

ii"t,f

s;{-,lii -

ti.rtl
-hr*

?ii.l "qjJ

\,J

lrfi1

Irs

i4x:

,1\

,jj

5ir;t

1rb.

'IL

\"c$*

l,,r'.h-

li

r.Eib,

i*+-

!.'tr-

t4 t

1."1

1.,,

t{

--;Uiii]-

I,

t?

-* lr

-':lfiiF-

i;8.

r.

t!f,

X]:u'-

iir

-.ii

"'jri
tl

"f

it',"*

"f

h=

i!*

t h}*r

E.t.
d*'i:"b-,

tl

trr

-#"

t,-1r,,it*

rl
;!_-

\.,",t

--*+-.:--

,.,,;,3.

c-i i'.!*

'f'

-1*+

u!

o,

.al

l,

-"rri'P-

,,-.)-.^

--*-!ts
"""ii,"l,

__L

l::'f,

L.*,

l.*

?,llt'

r't i'7*

rid:g""

,1"

-i r'

rl

r
t
t
t

rt

t
t

I
I

t
I
I

I
I

t'r

^ixEixf

@rext

Kwn

( L1

Fm

ffl

FrJ

Ig : t l"l ,
FE-

l)L +,

E,J

(-) *iY,T!ittluffi

:ffi

ll

rl

)T#J il

ffi+ix

'

* +t- +frEE,,f&,fn EFi lE

+ it-*

EF.#fr, 4+ A 'J,*t? -Kf+

- 4i,J. *n , 4h fr IL)k_
4+

......

A t+?

tg E': *.,++a"a#!, ,(-tifl,,-x-uh-fr, *a_, HRHj.


jil , *t-allk4fr,o Ian-4+h&-,k|r6F., T
)-F -,P^ -#!i+

Efr*fr, fr+

EE-:

,.,

4+

"

A kT?

4L

++r\t.

Efr#fr2

i-F-^ fr-{,f& Wt,l. 4k+, *t le4*,ttr.Z

.TE NE:

xt"

EF.#A, 'tl-,fr t 11

t,f",

4,k4r-A*\os"
. 149.

I
ig

fr +'fY,'\?

-9.

FE

)k- "

HR6

, k6

4?,4t1fr

fr-* c.

*4t flls4il

rg

x.|, -,r.hfr+" 4&4tl ie$

EE

ER#

4t.4li*o

h-h, lt l#-4*'ttt" I
I

#,411'Fo

"

IgFn i*.li+i'-ir !

6Ea.

E&*fr

(=) ffirnfiIxrE+ffi
(#8hn
r$n-F: 4t.HF

=f f E

Efi

k*'F.,1 f

ttF,i1" " " )


?

frfr,= fK ffi'+\ + t'>)o f

SFE':

E A t+?,fr i,X.f g rt
fr?A6aL4Rl&

Efr-, fr-l

tJ

"

effi*)kfr'J w mu

tr- , *$-L n& - + 4k X


" f+ E- +L
*1 4trd+" *+ L4XlW9 94"#,. #t*FL& 4+4yt*
, n '4+bll,+f , ,k }.6fi. $ LrN-, " *fr k- t'l'
^X
qn . V'J R, 4t gtA ffi 4'4l
,l'. 4*.iL, n

.++

y'-'|t'It

t iS;i.L

F'fs

. 150.

"

\" 4n

#f

,V

FF

rgEE:

rk-

,tL" o

+E)\4rl, " 4^f

rl rl

" xk- {1.

, nfulF 'F+t.

"i"

i & /\oL W ,

funfr, X

4t

^4+

, t& /&

fr_4+Ai?

frfr., 9tA*Ht"6 t, f g,ttr,l t


E

ff }R l& ,ffr-

zt414

, oLai *pr.{ -W. Fft u\ ,

: " 4+ 2*I4,R:L4&t1 +*Eq{"

sl,,fr-tEl 4ft 4+ A

+'

ft

4R.*48 "
I-B nII

fr-rl.r

E gE

+ny,fr

(&)

hu)y)tTng

conference ( or assernlrly ) hall

fr

(&)

ting

hall

) #,s

(&)

zhngxin

center

(&)

fwyun

attendant; steward ; I'aiter

zhng

to grorv; to develor

gzi

height;

zuyu

( used after a numeral

to indicate an

aprroxirnal.e :rurnber)

aborrt; or so

1.

3.

nk+fr,

t -lL
+.
,\

s. ++

I
I
I

r
I

Shngc @ New'Words

6. ._fr

i. *I"

"ri)

( B)

(.rjt)

to adorn

stature

we:r sth. on the head,

face, neck , <:hest,

8.

(Drt)

zhe

( indic:atinq

.rrn

etc. )

the r:ontinuation cf ur

actiorr or a siate)

g.

E,l

()

pair

.151.

10.

fr

11.

F-

4#t
13. f
12.

14.

15.

,/

chudn

lo

i\ -f:J
./;/ \.
./

xTf

western suil

I F;l

qnzi

*!tirt

gdn

lo do

#:)

1"ear

ifi)

znucnrren

hist or hosti:ss; i+.rcirorporsoir

++

()

zhch

tu presirie o?i)lr; t

,J,4kt

{&}

xiohuzi

,18uf1g

\6J )

kng

to

shxingjT

vieleo

mdikfng

nricrophone

jing hud

to sJ"reak; to taLk

r&i

qing

wau

\.))2 )

xi

h","ppy

!t)

hnli

we*liil:lg

{f'}

rnoo

iiveiy

\Lyj)

gU

to hang

dnglong

la.ntern

bi

to :ut ; to
l:ride

]-

17.

le4*,tt'"

18.

*_.

19.

i+1#

20.

+Jz
@

21.

__g-

(&)
(&)

!
ET

22. *."?L

t& Fl

JJ.
24. ft

11113

e-rai7y

26.

d:)

27.

#-t]f.

i F.i

xTnning

28.

+l'f-

(4)

min'o

{&i

xTnlng

br:cleglcom

ts

pr'14*

shcrl roa't

30.

(,7t'>

SNUOI

hen,lsoine; ssrafr

31.

4nffi

I t7\.

lingddi

r:re<:ir$tl

32. l&,1

\..t:2 j

rqng

v,at'il}

152

*hal'ge of

lrd

crn]r'a.

*t tr-

/,&.-\
.-t:l

tise

( on eiroukie,r)

25.

29. ;Ff

i++rr

16. 4_r-

23.

-.j.\

+t-t

to

shrulcLer

Ir

Il
Il

n
Il
It
It

I
rl
rl
rl
I
t
rl
rt

rl

33. BLl.t

( 41)

krn

gllest

34. 4t

( 4j])

do

to pcur

3s. 64+

(HlJ)

btng

incessarrtl y

()

q)fn

atirrosphere

36.

n^

El i$l* Yf ffi Gramma.


Indicating the continuation of an act or

#itrinal#sjif, u",
HT+H5 "

state

Verb + ff

tgHf #lF4l *tf+&. AF^+SF

M!n,

When a verb is followed by the particle " *'"

, it indicates

that the act or the state

is still continuing. In communication it is used to make a description, e. g.


(

1) H + 4t1*- ,

"X-, q-l&
GE(FWfr11#t+&0{ A)

(2) 4e-,-fi4Bi

i,fr,

nE

FJ".li"

9txx$-4 .

@tF ".4" &4-r#f+4'l{ #)


(3

) }#-L 9txx{+ "


arc ".a" 41, frxx.+&l+ ".afi" !tt#)

(4) )-tr-EE-fu n f{nF-,fv,, +-t!o


@tF "'4- &fr41#t+&,ltt#

(5)

-!*,F

-+*nL"

/ "*" *TtF-fr:1, "ntr.ilft" Fe!$*)


\2'

The negative form

is "& @) -..", but is not often used.

(6) *lfrik,Efr

*, 4e-,i|no

. .,ur.

(/J *L6.t t]

ikfr "

(8) + },A- E A

(e)

+, l,*.v-L?frt + "

E-j-fr+rk?

"

(10)

*L&l,8 ikfi?

"

dria

"

Verb +

" ffi Tis


'

=f aiiE,,Htiil wH =-4-tit418t' ttt

slJffi

may also be used before the second verb

verbs. Its function is to describe the state

in a sentence with serial

manner of the second

) *,& )_j+ tno


(Lz) *t Xtt:*.in, " rt dE, ! i.i18 ! "
( ) all -e. L{JL 7F , *"4l k_*og

act,

e. g.

( 11

13

")o1+" Hf,fl "8" -. "IE"., ""., "W" +ifli5Ho


"Verb + " is often used together with "TFfr" , "ff" , "fr", "W', etc. ,
( 14) -E.r-}. nK,F"
( 1s) *fi.Fl, *,-&4 froFo"

iF
(

. 154.

Phonetics

1) ##irfl

e. g.

Eil gi'>1 Lidnx ffi Exercises


ffi

Pronunciations and tones

huiyi

huyi

zhngxTn

zhngxin

hnli

shnli

rnoo

r no

btng

$fn

q)fn

tTng

I
lt

(2) Fi*

4tJ)

4t'lry- arl#
4rlqlv,lt
,t fr n *. *_ x * ti +

F
T

h
h
lr
h
h
t
lr

I
!

Read out the following phrases

+ r

t* n #", nt A +fr
+i,9 *+,rR t+.

+**t tr,

q ,Ffr re.lailL
4*k4F

tv

*t

Avrfr

$"

s1.4k

tr++,frt-

"x_wg

S ubstitution exercises

(1) A

(2)

ltr., j1X

y.-LiF

*."t't{
W wt*

4+ {r"++# rw. fr ax+


T

At-f

,s

tl

|]

tr ( * )

t"f"" ( * 'fo.

A,8+41A,fo?

*&.

- x.l

t_ ,

it

,n,+t

ofo

"

Il
ll
Il

.155.

I
(3) A: ]e,tr 4t

At

B: *F -4+9t&-t H-.

(4)

fetE
E+s

4+

k9tL'fi,

(5) -N,&ilrfltt',ft + "

. 156.

A?
"

I
I
I
I

I
I
I

t
I

I
I
lr
llrr

F
IT

h
h
h
F

ffi :tiatgg

Choose the right words to

(1)

+-

(2)

x--r 11&Jb;trF

(3)

-E.r

(4) W

Etlf,?XtHYFn"

e+rfni.+,fo"

-#J

nl'l:sn-*. #'J*rfi .

A} , &1.4ntril,&lti, Ai.jl-l

(5 )

4klf.

lti#-L -lK) 'q "


*"1J *+l
+*frT,qqfi.
*&,tl)',4Ri&,}, ,K_
gJ\ifl1# "

(6)
(7)
(8)

4b m

fill in the blanks

"liJ

+" f*

Filt in the blanks with "verb +

(1) *"fr fl.),fr> rK*+


r

_rF,

it

"

, .sRFt #J -4.-/- xl

_o

E*kff
(3) A: 4h,V4+A'fa?

(2) t*tF

}:nL,fuo

)'

+\^t- tk"fo"
ta,F* )l-,',
p*, +l"{n_4& "
B:

(4)
(5 )

frtJ

A: t4rrin &eik-*? j
B : *.ru'l !+*,+fr , -i-t ," *,e,94 * ll f ,
_/v

eE

rfr"Er

ve*g

) i* 2F tt_

- tgtxx++ "
(7) 4&-,ktr T ,\tui_ tu+x+ , " f-e'l &*.qF+f if-"
) \_-qfr.ffi+ Fft" /c&.- -j,4-Lfq"

(6

11

(8

.157-

ffi m "7"., "".. "i" fHH

Fill in the blanks with

"J", 4,, or ,.,,

1) Ef x_ frtaft,*-L, f,9l"E_-.+flt"
(z) j&*+R--)kf E, ++a+_"

(3

) 4k4 3r+_42+R4xn+H

"

(4) +\X*_-)AJLF, 4.'A*_ Lia.


(5) *"+4k'X*
Etk"
-4+ a iL+h ,
(6) +], n e\"4n yxii,iA* o ^*p-4t.4*f
(7

) +\"4n T-iRr/*

(8)

.!.,F

W WWA
(1

-+48+

* Ros "
"

Corect the sentences

4oLf

+k:yfuh

,_y "

(2) *.-it,f&,

#r

(4)

i.4 -PiArE.

*",fn

*.

trlrJ:fr

n*+*

J.'t, ,

(s) f trtE.#Ja.&-z^*.n, rFdi*fc


(6) -J{,T -ftXfr.E9 L"

. 158.

S *gfH*

r*rf

FiIl in the blanks

, B.* 4e,.la4sf
f o h rfr 4rfnn)., *.,fn +rfr.J + h*ls+ wfnfr@ _4e,, *-4n *p
friAh lF b+,F* lL*t , 8 lJ *",fn ,4+4&'fr-+*ttrfr . xt*.{n :rii4+tl
*"4n-r;Ff

%*ttLXrA--o

Vl,rLJc--,if

"

+x-+I,

, :lifr fl,rhrT E'i***',-tttrr*rFE7-Ftr," *\FJ, "t

kiLALE

+I.@

r@
" *.x@
,f, /64tAW4,k#r?"
"

+\f,R #Jfn "'frn'4t,'-fa

" *T

f"*

f , *f@

oq?"

lq,,l&*4x h 4+'!"

" jli/l4tr,1"

, XTfr{ -A *rF t-AV+


it, lE4
+\{n j-iLf , *rs4y.x, *rfr-,,axfu,futa*.@
T

+tf, +k1,W)n *",f[ *rs4'e-t*lfr


Etfi-Pl'6 7

m'J

"

X*-fu}-F t''n,r " hlfr*?!"


rfd",fllif,:

"

r1

$4

T
F
I

t
I

+kitl$A@
rhtfrnL,,' "i4ii4t, A

. t

'riLz " *')F,


*."

" t,)fr, i+ /6 4.
i !

r*rf @

,*,f,F-*,

*t l"

*tfe+ *ti.i*.;Rf

Il

* H, h +tsWf Ji.+f .

',

^H,

f -Y.l++ , ,t-'l * rfr tf

o"

d.f.4,1A iLo" r+rF,k

T # oe,l"

!.2

4 <Q
\>
uv:

j-Z rf , JL ;*Le &,fr +\"4n+X,, " itlih+ X* ,

t*j+t

f 4[ ! "
. 159.

tl

rl

o
o

ll

ltl

II

lI

rI

+#
I

+-

-t

r---

t*

{.

'rt

tTs
r

\ It'[

r11

.ri

rl

(I

Frw

'l***

>cftl"
-3T;*

,{

),ilb*

L&/

-T-T'f17

l"-.

--'ts P__,

kL",
-rl-d

i:+"

a-d$-*

:t-rb-

1*

tr

-\-{=L"-

.'e&

t"

ir

tr

q-Jj"

iI

\*"s
---Lb-it

_'v

I
I
I
I

q*&,

r4

r
t.is

q'-f-

tt

r"+J

t'"rl r

'!

!r.

-*i&,

t+l

**$

\"i

.{

-*.fis{ s
1
rt

""iF &

l"&

*:, i.,

FI,

rI

1Y

\t+
-s\Erf*

-+;J '.'}
4;f*

--+ t*"

'

tl'

\t

at"

,'}

s,."-

-r-

"x

oa*o

"^#

.+.1'

tI

FhH*

fi-4

;g*
'-L!L-

Li

t+-

:-+-

YT

,*i

"'&i"c^.

I
"d

:t<

!H-

,,ill :I

F.t

F,ffi

tI

r.
"{*?,\'qd

"$&

=b-

"--du.
--v+['hs-

.tL

.l--h

;q

:e

.t,-

*:\b-'

.4*

l{

r1*+.t

rs*

{rr

E"

f+"
-t-'8"1"

l!

i*td

l!---

*"1i rt

I
I

u"hi*

tI

{iu

p-^il*.
__\-k_:-

fr

".\.4*
--q-4--14
S ll

"!h ir*
t--'

fr

{!.

l-'{

o
p0

+]

il

r6ry

ffi

Il
rl

Fff*-.

EF*tta &E

ff-iF
6.

Lesson 1

cffi-rS Conect the sentences

1) ,fefiteffiffipjfftro

(2) r+Et+ bv&*T ./qEF bLffi+4+IT " /qffi ffi ffillbi+tklif .


(3) iii,l+rt+k*T4F*.
(4) frffityHfiH " /HH6!LftH.
( s ),f,fil7ti rtfifn*l+ +
/
" I1nl*l+YA'fr{n+
(6) *fr,tb+tH-,fiJ1.

II
T
!
II
II
!I
t

H=iR
7,

tfffitl
(

Lesson 2

Correct the sentences

)'f5n+E'4+EV4B-#fr

"

(2) ftf[rjf +eER,fll1v-w* "


( 3 ) ERigig-t+, H4+&4F" /a&!HtqHl+F4E*T
(4) +XERBFX-H/+"
(s

) +i,lt1E'x0ft,,f48R+ E-F

"

(6) fr!S@ER{!m*t+"

ff=iR

Lesson 3

7. }ffiJ" Corect the sentences


I
( 1) fH{nT+ Fnx#lFT
"
(2) fr 'fll.\,fi HFt i.*T " / &ll7'Wgt'iR T .

(4) ffiii,+t'RgEtrT , !q!94F"HX"


(5 ) iflilaER-+al w#T tfr .
(6) ifi,F.-+lPW#J btT, #,il11#FlRErhf "

.161.

ffEi*
6.

Lesson 4

effiJ Correct the sentences


( 1) }gE8ffi#HfHT[*T
"
(2) ffiZ,r)E L-L+T " /ffi+,tFg...-L*-T
(3 ) ,TEHFJE*E*T.
(4) Wfrt/E+&t, F't4+tfTi.
(s) ,fitEHtH*T"
(6) ,fegxk* (frrq) ER+t4rpxJL"

ffE,i*
6. ?iffiEJ
(

1)

Lesson 5

Correct the sentences

ffitrr&ts+/t++AiF.

(2) ^)LBfrrh,
+txfixi**Ei#r"
(3) *+trU", +Nk6ffi.
(4) +i,E[ts.*.+Ef , tE#fi*,f&"

(s) rt{nr-tiH.
(6

) i*++ BLffi+E,trt .

ffi^iR
&ffiJ
(

(7

) ft{llEslt+*f$

- 162.

Lesson 6

trr /TE|t /agt',f*+ tr !r

(2) frA+ftthnr1Ffr"
(3) 4fi,ft++)LB*-+Et"
(4) ftrlis k+-*+EPl"
(s) iEixr+3j,tti6"
(6) +lx+tr4+9_g'rffiffi"
+irrffi+xnr-

t
I

I
:

Corect the sentences

tTEIt/Ht',fF*!

I
II
It

t
I
:

"

t
t
T
t

I
F

t
t
t

(8) f;fiE-*t7t{tH.

fftiR

'

6. ?i#fiJ Corect the sentences

t
h
h

h
h

!T

(3

) z,ffi*1,ifigfrHT,
+ITT_-K

EXIYAiAA+-L"

LilinT. /ft-.T-K LlufrnT"

(5

) +XTTH.#ItsJL+9J

(6

EE+_b,E "

fr#fr4V)r, 'E4AW'WZ[F!].T

5. tf#Cl

Correct

"

Lesson 8

e sentences

1) flfHtrtfi2j.,'i4tliT
i4\/J\/tJ\f+J4\J o
"
(2) +xk1(FlLf'\,%{lfrfiT

(3

"

) -hi*fi H*^EXtEE" /T T W*,Ff*ffiIFX&HE.

(4) ft' H'4-r+flfrf*T . /+kffiH11+-*nts.l*T "


( 5 ) Rd[_L! +48ffiT WI / IB NRdII P+TNST

) rFXffi,-L., ffiItFgJ+,F. "

ff/\iR

(1

(4)

t
I

Lesson 7

(6

6.

) flF+++t T 4RKEt'til&Yi+tFrJ

ffiiH* Filling the blanks


( 1) T
Q)'h (3) '4f
(7)

(8)

9i

(e) E

"

(4) T
I

ffi)LiF.
?.fffiJ

(s) xf I (6) T

Lesson 9

Correct the sentences

(2) ffi'i'EKflH*TO

. 163.

(3

) lh,+ n&,

(4

) 4,tf,E+E *-3ffiiR,

(s

) fif[t-Kilq-L#F-KT " /_Kt[qt'dqn r "

Hf"rft,?g*"

(6) igigffitrTu, +tdEiE-Lwf


9.

HfH
(1)

*r*

"

Filling the blanks

(2)

t*

(3) te. (4)

H+iR

T*

Lesson 10

6. ?fffiEJ Conect the sentences


(1) l.,TrFHhiAr"
(2) fi -it{ ! E HB fr'T #&ffi t'

'

"

(3) I#,14ffiT-+*E#T.
( 4 ) l,lll.rEl gsi^ffi ryE / &lllE:jhivft
"
"
(s) +trtffiIFEH He^tll, lFHff"

(6) t+-l+nxr.."
7. #fH*

(1)
(s)

Filling the blanks

h Q) js (3)
(e) (10)

(4)

(s) ,,

tdl

(7) *

I
I
t
t

t
. 164.

t
rl
t
rl

T
ll

I
rl
I

t
I

T
T

rEEtr

('a)

oryo

E
.y_

(i/h)

frITET

bio
bi t le

diren

Zi.tE...frtr"Et...

bddn...rqi... 2

tfiF

(a)
(tr,.*)

npi

if.{+

( 'l)

EE

(ih)

dnm

(-)

t&-

\8J )

bish

(a)
(a)

bition

ts

(rh)

bi

lJ'4

10

bdn shl

E (.-)
F
FT
Fi

({)

@)

bntidn

+#

(ar)

bong

#Sl

(?}. .&)

bngzh

ffi

(f,J)

bdng

{xiE

\EJ )

bozhng

,
,&

()

bi

E=t'-

Ez

?,)

bzi

rb

(^)

bi

rA

(a)

br

w7...urt

bi sh

bin

bidnhud

Itrt

EE
ii

z-

\qt

gtr,

12.

e\)

Ifi'
iEtr
trF
+
$t
t
(x)
Hq

3
8

btng
b9
cngjing
chd

10

5
9

chd (yl) dinr

(rh)

chnshng

@)
(rh)

chng
chngrn
chngshi
chngd
chdo
chu
chloi
chqu
ch t

,HJL

(a)

II

g2
tfi

+x

(A)

r,)

A)

(ar)

@)

(e)

7
7
1

7
3

9
8

chle.-.yiwdi
GJ):
r.a>

chudn
chn (tin)
ct

9
10

znt

. 165.

+TI

d gng

ddshi

ddshlgun

ooyr

*&

(a)
(a)
(a)

*.ttJ

( B,l)

ddyu

,*E

s(

(th)

ddi

sffi

(a)

doyu

'lFrJ

(4j)

ddo

,tI

(nJ)

domi

a
'l+

(Ar)

*{E
*,ftH

r
i

(stt)

,rT#,

(a)
(a)

!l
H
rtu

ffi
H
\

IEIE

\-a )

r!

(a)
(e)
(a)

)J iE

ffi

tr*
tl

fdng

fngdd

-17-

len

Jxt

2,)

fng

l'(*

\.41 )

10

J'(F

EE*E

()

ftiwyun

JT

(a)

fqin

d bing

( -)

10

de

v,

( aE)

si

10

EfH

(ryr. Z)

gis

dishong

,H

( Fl)

gnkudi

dl

(d, Z)

gnju

dinch

fm#

(a)
(fr)
(a)

gongqn

dnglong

rI

(x)
(a)
(a)

didntl

()

dio

tri

(ql)

di

ffit

=)E

TOngTO

10

di sn l

s'i

4E

lq

\.s/\

fdngun

r,)

fngguong
fngjlng

10
3

.5

go

gc

t&)
(a)

sq

(4\)

gzi

10

(x)

(a)

dng ( tion)

(E-l

*#rE

du de shi

ft.M

fo

cor

mm

( 4>)

snj

ftr.

fo

kung

( 6,.l)

gng

('fr)

gngfn

l=-

ftrn

(A])

fr.R

(a)
(a)

fEr

. 166.

foxin

fzhn

fdndidn

&
*m.ge

^tl
M
s

g zhng g ydng

I
I

(a)
\,6 )

"gu

gdin

1:i#t':"s.*iil
itriffi'$trih$f,ffiffi

-iFH H+E4e4i g tifET,,trJF


! 1 00iRfiHFlJfr,GtzoiR , #tr"p+{ft TiRgligs

|rt

*&{fi

++

jH

, -fifi+&-+fit3El rx+"
,rffil*ffiffiffi$LwH

tr* 7*tlt\F-.j!ifrg

, rt'THEiRt

+aiF1H!

oris#sfE))

oniFHi*#fE)

ffiffiiHffiIHffitr

OniEoffJrtfrirE>

+RlEtr+

oxisni#lfE)
(Bii)

Effi,

isTHSiFH,F,ffii#F4,
EigHH i8lnlatr, ffi.ZE +#+.
Ef

f!ltt*&'
lTHrf :

fffi/W
51iT

ffiilffiilffiffi[[ilil
Ef)',28.00zr