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Young Quantity Surveyors Group

(YQSG)
of the Pacific Association of Quantity Surveyors (PAQS)
YQSG Newsletter

2013 Second Issue

In this Issue.....
YQSG Programme 2013 - Xian, China ...........Page 1

Articles (Contd):

About YQSG......................................................Page 4

Participating Member: Brunei


Latest Project Development and Construction Cost Trend in
Brunei:
By Mohammad Eddie Bin Wasli................................ Page 20

Chairmans Message .......................................Page 5


Articles:
Participating Member: Singapore
The Power of Early Contractor Involvement:
By Seah Hsiu Min Eugene.....................................Page 6
Participating Member: Hong Kong
Recent Cost Trend in Hong Kong:
By Joseph Chong .................................................Page 8
Participating Member: Malaysia
Short Case Study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur Specialist
Complex and Amulatory Care Centre (HKL SCAACC):
By Sr Shazali Sulaiman, Sr Yeap Soon Kiat............ Page 10
Participating Member: Philippines
Why Phillippines is Now Opting for Green Building:
By Jose Fernando Magsi, Haira Alilio....................Page 18

Participating Member: Sri Lanka


Construction Industry, Quantity Surveyors and Software in
Sri Lanka:
By V.D. Kahandawa....................................................Page 21
Participating Member: Sri Lanka
Tender Submissions:
By C.B. Allis..............................................................Page 22
Participating Member: China
Introduction toGuidance of Practice for Project Management
for Construction Projects (First Edition, Shanghai):
By Annabella Wu......................................................Page 23
Participating Member: China
Latest Project Development and Construction Cost Trend in
China:
By Gu Xiaohui..........................................................Page 25
YQSG Program 2014 - Hong Kong.............................Page 30
Stay Connected......................................................Page 31

Editor & Designer:

YQSG Program 2013 - Xian, China.......!


Young QS Group Programme of year 2013 was successfully held in Xian, China on 17th and
18th May 2013 with the participation of about 32 young members and students from 9 PAQS
member countries (Representatives from AIQS, BSIJ, CECA, HKIS, IQSSL, PCIQS, PUJA, RISM
and SISV were participated)

Prasath Sanjeewa

Vice-Chairman, PAQS - YQSG


Institute of Quantity SurveyorsSri Lanka
Disclaimer:

The opinions or views in


the Articles published in
this newsletter are those
of the authors and do not
reflect the opinions and
recommendations of PAQS
and respective institutes.

CECA (Shanghai branch) was the host of the YQSG programme this year. Different from
previous years, this year YQSG Progamme had lasted for two days.

First Day of the program included a relaxing guided tour to the Terracotta Warriors, ShaanXi
Historical Museum and the Wild Groose Pagoda.

On Second Day morning session, there were presentations from each country about cost trend
and latest development projects in a local cost consultants office (San Qian Company). In the
evening session participants visited the Creative Pavilion in the Xian China International
Horticultural Exposition (EXPO).
At night the participants joined the dinner at Xian Hotel and tasted the local cuisines.

YQSG Program 2013 - Xian, China Contd

Group Photo - 2013 YQSG


City Tour

Presentation Sessions
Presentation Sessions

Group Games (Tea making)

Tour to Terracotta warriors


Visit to Wild Pagoda

Presentation Sessions

Dinner

Visit to Creative Pavilion,


Horticultural EXPO


YQSG Program 2013 - Xian, China Contd


Presentations By Particiating Countries

Gift Exchange

About PAQS - YQSG


On 15 August 2009, young members from PAQS country members attended the Sustainability
Committee Meeting at Kuala Lumpur and formed the first Young Quantity Surveyors Group
committee. This committee was subsequently appointed by the PAQS Board under PAQS
Constitution article 3.2.

Quantity surveying students and members under 40 years of age from PAQS representing countries
are encouraged to join YQSG.
YQSG Program has been held in following countries:
2010 - Singapore
2011 - Sri Lanka
2012 - Brunei
2013 - China

Year 2014 program will be held in Hong Kong SAR, China

The YQSG is a good platform to promote Quantity Surveying as a career choice for school leavers and university students.
The Pacific Association of Quantity Surveyors (PAQS) is an international association of national organizations
representing Quantity Surveyors in the Asia and Western Pacific region.
The Missions of the PAQS are:

- The promotion of the practice of Quantity Surveying in the region.

- The promotion of best practice for Quantity Surveying in the region.


- The promotion of dialogue between member organizations.

- Encouragement of regional cooperation in the practice of Quantity Surveying.

- Fostering of research appropriate to the better understanding of building practice in the region.

- Rendering of assistance to members of member organizations working in each others countries.

The Current Members of PAQS are:


FULL MEMBER

ASSOCIATE MEMBER

- Australian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (AIQS)

- Fiji Institute of Quantity Surveyors (FIQS)

- Building Surveyors Institute of Japan (BSIJ)

- Canadian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (CIQS)


- China Engineering Cost Association (CECA)

- The Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors (HKIS)

- New Zealand Institute of Quantity Surveyors (NZIQS)

- Philippine Institute of Certified Quantity Surveyors (PICQS)


OBSERVER MEMBER

- Association of South African Quantity Surveyors (ASAQS)

- Singapore Institute of Surveyors & Valuers (SISV)


- Institute of Quantity Surveyors Sri Lanka (IQSSL)
- Royal Institution of Surveyors Malaysia (RISM)

- Institution of Surveyors, Engineers and Architects, Brunei (PUJA)

Chairmans message
On behalf of the Young Quantity Surveyors Group of PAQS, I am glad to present to
you the 2nd issue of 2013 PAQS YQSG newsletter.

Sr JOSEPH CHONG
Chairman
Young Quantity Surveyors Group
2009 - 2014, PAQS

BSc(Surv)(HKU), MSc(IDM)(HKU),
MHKIS, RPS(QS), MHKICM,
MHKIVM, BEAM PRO (Incl. BI)

In Hong Kong, the 1st International BIM Conference related to Quantity Surveying
was held in Nov. Representatives from Malaysia, Singapore and Sri Lanka attended
the conference and shared their use of BIM. Our Past Vice Chairman Mr Eugene
Seah also came to Hong Kong and presented a paper named The QS Journey in
Singapore Lessons Learnt . On one hand BIM technology is moving in a fast pace,
our contract documents and measurement rules must also be developed to enhance
our efficiency and accuracy in estimating and controlling construction costs. I
believe our young quantity surveyors around the world should take the lead to
adopt new technologies and drive the change in our quantity surveying practice.
Our next young programme will be held in Hong Kong on 6-7 June 2014. We will have
informal presentations by young representatives of each PAQS country members.
Also, we will arrange site visits and a special tram tour of Hong Kong Island. Our
tram expert Sr Alan Cheung will introduce the history of Hong Kong trams and
surrounding architecture. As the host of this event, I would like to sincerely invite
you to come to Hong Kong and participate PAQS 2014 Congress as well as the young
programme (if you are under 40).

In this issue of newsletter, we have articles from different countries on various


areas:

THE POWER OF EARLY CONTRACTOR INVOVEMENT by Eugene Seah

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur Specialist Complex &


Ambulatory Care Centre (HKL SCACC) by Sr Amnah Salleh, Sr Shazali
Sulaiman and Sr Yeap Soon Kiat of RISM JO, Malaysia

Recent Cost Trend in Hong Kong by myself

Why Philippines is now opting for Green Buildings by Jose Fernando


Magsi and Haira Alilio Centralized Membership Committee, PICQS, the
Philippines

Latest Project Development and Construction Cost Trend in Brunei


By Mohammad Eddie Bin Wasli, PUJA-Brunei
Construction Industry, Quantity Surveyors and Software in Sri Lanka
by V.D Kahandawa, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka
Tender Submissions By C.B. Allis, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

Latest Project Development and Construction Cost Trend In China by


Gu Xiaohui, China
Introduction of Guidance of Practice for Project Management for
Construction Projects by Annabella Wu, China

Enjoy reading!

THE POWER OF EARLY CONTRACTOR


INVOVEMENT
Introduction

When it started?

In the third quarter of year 2011, the


Building & Construction Authority of
Singapore put forward a scheme called
the Early Contractor Involvement or ECI.
This is a scheme whereby Contractors or
a Contractor is invited early in the design
stage or engaged longer in the tender
period to seek clarification on design,
safety, constructability and buildability,
to name a few.

In the early 1990s, Mr Seah Choo


Meng started the process of working
with the Contractors in either a Prequalification or Tender environment to
seek Contractors views and opinions on
cost drivers and also, to understand the
Contractors concerns and construction
team better. There are times that a project
may be straight forward but the people
factor may complicate the project process
hence it is very important that the entire
project team has to be of the same mind
and drive. At the time, we called in the
Advance Information Package or AIP and
the success factors then and now remain.
However, with the increase requirement
on Constructability, Buildability, Green
Mark, Safety and the need for productivity,
the use of the AIP or ECI process becomes
more and more important, and that is to
engage the Contractor early.

The main ethos of this is to seek advice


from the party who knows best about
construction risk, safety and methodology,
and that party is the Main Contractor. In
essence, all these factors also boil down
to construction cost and speed hence we
consider them as important drivers for
success. The main objectives of the ECI
process are to:
Shorten tender period
Seek their views on construction
methodology
Seek their views on buildability
and constructability and other
salient issues
Seek their views on time lines and
program
Seek their views on VM/ VE,
embellishments to design
To get to know the contractor and
his team better
Promote Partnering concepts but
in a tendering environment
This paper discusses Langdon & Seahs
experience in the use of ECI and discusses
the processes proposed by us in our
projects.
As a summary, the use of ECI has been
very successful of which the applications
have dated back to the early 1990s. One
of the bigger projects would include the
original extension of a large retail project
at Orchard Road. The latest projects would
include a skyscraper Office in the Central
Business District and a Pre-Engineered
Factory and Research and Development
building at Tuas. Our experience of
Contractors include both local and
foreign Contractors but is centred on
more of the bigger Contractors.

By Seah Hsiu Min Eugene

Singapore Institute of Surveyors & Valuers

no clear project brief or Employers


requirements.
What is the process?

The first section discusses on the ECI that


we have been involved in for the PRIVATE
sector. Prior to the ECI process, it is
preferred to have a proper Prequalification
(PQ) exercise to select the best Contractors
to tender for the project. The PQ exercise
can cover basic issues like experience,
legal standing, finance and available
manpower. But these are only entry level
In our experience, ECI can be used on issues and not project specific issues.
both form of procurement such as the
traditional lump sum tender and the With a formal PQ grading and evaluation
Develop & Construct (or Design & Build). process, 2-4 Contractors are selected
However, it is observed that the Develop & to enter into the next stage of the ECI
Construction (D&C) form of procurement process. In most of the projects, we have
seems to yield better result. This could be limited it to 3 Contractors so as not to
a fact that the Contractor, who takes over waste the resources of the Contractors
the Mechanical & Electrical Engineering and increase cost of tendering. There is
and the Civil & Structural Engineering little or no concern of the Contractors
scope of work, together with his in-house withdrawing during the ECI or tender
design and construction management process due to the specific requirement
team, can come up with more efficient to get senior management (in some
design that contributes to the efficacy of cases the CEO himself) to attend the
the construction and design management ECI meetings and tender interviews.
With such high level relationships
process on site.
being exchanged, there is little concern.
With the use of Building Information
Modelling (BIM), Contractors can, during Generally there are two schools of thoughts
the ECI period, model their building up to on how the ECI process can be carried out.
LOD 200 and some families to LOD 300, One is to have a longer tendering period
to carry level 1 clash detections and as and have the tendering Contractors work
well a simulations such as sustainability with the Consultants, getting their queries
and scheduling (using Time liner). So, answered during the tender period.
all in all, we can see that Contractors This would translate that the tendering
who uses BIM for the construction work period would extend from 1 month to 2
can benefit greatly from the use of these to 3 months. The second one would be
the use a long pre-tender period, say a
software.
month, to get all the queries answered
It has to be noted that ECI can be used for by Consultants to the Contractors and
most types of building typologies but not have a shorter tender period with little
suitable for projects that have
or no tender queries after the tender


THE POWER OF EARLY CONTRACTOR


INVOVEMENT (Contd)
opening. The latter is mostly used and is
preferred by us as it gives more surety
on the tender requirements, addressing
outstanding issues holistically but yet
keep the special ace-cards by individual
Contractors specific to that contractor only.
Lets discuss more in the next paragraph.

heads of works and suggestions how to and the Building & Construction Authority
shorten this program
of Singapore, some of our projects are in
c)
Construction
implementation its infancy stages on the use of ECI/ AIP in
proposal, including any special public projects.
construction methodology such as semi
Conclusion
or full top down construction.

d) Quality proposal on how to maintain


With
the
overall
administrative quality of the works.
management by us, the Consultants e) Hazard Identification and Risk
are expected to present the design Assessment (HIRA) and how the risk can
intent to the Contractor and the be addressed with the HIRA Checklist
management of the ECI process is (HIRAC).
usually by the Quantity Surveyor that
is Langdon & Seah. Heads of discussion f) Innovation, Constructability and
would include but not limited to: Buildability
1. Architect Design Overview
g) Sustainability proposal
2. M&E Design Overview
h) EHS best practices
3. C&S Design Overview
i) Value Management Proposals
4. ESD Design Overview
5. Safety Overview (for projects
As mentioned, these points are nongoing for Design For Safety)
exhaustive and should be adjusted to
6. Etc
cater for different projects. It is also
essential that enough information is
Timelines for the ECI/ AIP Process
given to the Contractors to understand
the requirements, including drawings,
The overall timeline, as a guide, can be schematics, parameters and assumptions,
as follows :
BIM model (if any) , etc to assist in this
Day 1- Briefing to Contractors and fast pace period. Tender deposits can be
Collection of the ECI/ AIP document paid prior to the collection of the ECI/ AIP
Day 12- Queries from Contractors to document.
Consultants
Day 17- Replies from Consultants to In some projects, even the meeting notes,
plans and discussions with the authorities
Contractors
such as the Land Transport Authority
Day 29- Submission of ECI/ AIP
(LTA) is included, especially for projects
documents.
involving the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
Day 31- Presentation of ECI/ AIP
reserve lines. The more information is
from Contractor to Consultants.
provided, the clearer the Contractor is,
TENDER Preparation
the more he will contribute constructive
Day 45- Call tender
in the ECI process as well as a keener
Day 75- Tender return and
construction cost that has lower risk
commencement of evaluation
buffers by the Contractor.
Day 120 - Tender Award
During the 31st day, the Contractor
is expected to present his proposed
solutions in a 1 hour presentation. A
typical format is as follows :
a) Contractors organisational chart
and project team proposed for the
project. The project team has to be
present at the presentation
b) Preliminary program showing main

So, what is the procedure for public


project? Because of the PQ process that
is an open process, the subsequent short
listing to the primary 5 Contractors should
suffice to the Governments procurement
procedures. The ECI procedure can be
deemed as a lengthened PQ procedure
on the 5 shortlisted Contractors with the
tender period and submission as a final
submission with little or no queries coming
in. Although there have been discussions
with certain Government departments

The objective of the ECI/ AIP process is to


integrated current and existing process
to allow early involvement with the
contractors for the following reasons:

Shorter tender period


Seeking their views on construction
methodology
Seeking their views on buildability
and constructability
Seeking their views on time lines
Seeking their views on VM/ VE,
embellishments to design
To get to know the contractor and
his team better
Promote Partnering concepts but
in a tendering environment

The experience by our office on ECI and


AIP has been a good one with 100%
success on all of our projects. Of course,
the Developer and the entire Consultant
team has to have the same like-minded
thinking and cooperation coupled with the
right group of Contractors who have the
same thesis in understanding of the ECI.
The success in these projects are because
of everyone in the team.
It is very apparent that Contractors who use
BIM ( and the related suite of software) and
other simulation tools, coupled with their
in-house speciality on design management
(for construction, sustainability etc), have
benefited greatly in the ECI/ AIP process.
In some projects, Contractors have shown
that the construction time can be reduced
considerably by changing minor designs
but have greater impact on construction
sequencing. This will increase productivity
on site and yet stay construction cost,
saying that market conditions are stable.

Recent Cost Trend in Hong Kong


Hong Kong is still suffering from the problem of lack of construction labour. According
to statistics from Census & Statistics Department, 65.5% of workers employed by
construction industry as at Dec 2012 are 40 years old or above . The Secretary for
Labour and Welfare told reporters last year that the construction industry is facing
the perplexing issues of 3D difficulties, dirty and danger in recruiting young
staff. He opined that the issues of difficulty and dirty can still be easily resolved
by strengthening the industrys training qualities and enhancing the industrys
professional images through the image-building process.

By Sr Joseph Chong,

Council Member, QS Division


Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors (HKIS)

For quantity surveyors, there is a similar problem of shortage. HKIS President


Sr Stephen Lai told reporters that a 30 percent vacancy in the middle-rank level of qualified surveyors is recorded in the
construction sector . The shortage problem may become even worse due to competition of other economies. There is an
increasing number of casino and hotel projects in Macau and Singapore is investing SDG$20 billion on railway projects and
compete fiercely for construction professionals stationed in Hong Kong .

On the other side, the total gross value of construction works that the main contractors performed in Hong Kong in 2002
increased 24.2% in nominal terms over a year .
Actually the infrastructure expenditure in Hong Kong had been steady from 1993 to 2008 (between HK$20-30 Billions)
but it started to increase tremendously since 2009. In 2013, the infrastructure expenditure is HK$76 billions . For housing,
the Long Term Housing Strategy Steering Committee just suggested the government to set a new target of 470,000 units
to be built in next 10 years, i.e. 47,000 units annually . This almost doubled the annual supply of housing units from 20062013. With the continuous increase in demand of both infrastructure and residential works, the demand for construction
workers and professionals would continue to be strong and the construction cost in Hong Kong is expected to rise sharply.

In order to attract university graduates to join the industry, the Construction Industry Council organized job expo and 6months training scheme to recruit and train graduates without any construction work experience. A news report showed
that a graduate who worked for IT changed to work in construction as he expects his salary can reach HK$30,000 per month .
A recent employment survey shows that increase in salary of quantity surveyors fresh graduates in 2002 was 9.4%
and was highest among all fresh graduates . Increase in QSs salary may attract more new blood to join the profession.

Table: Average Gross Income of 2012 Full-time Graduates in Professional Services


A solution to the shortage of construction labour problem is to allow import of construction workers. A legislator
Abraham Razack, who represents real estate and construction, said the shortage was delaying progress on
infrastructure projects and increasing building costs. He viewed that the government should take a courageous
political step and import foreign labour. Another legislator James Tien Pei-chun said the supply of skilled construction
workers was 15 per cent short of the demand, representing a lack of 8,000 to 9,000 workers. He questioned that the
government has pledged to meet the housing target and this target cannot be met if we do not have sufficient workers.
However, chairman of the Construction Industry Employees General Union opposes the proposal. He said the city had
about 110,000 skilled workers and 170,000 unskilled workers at present - and the shortage was only in skilled workers.


Recent Cost Trend in Hong Kong (Contd)


According to L&S QUARTERLY CONSTRUCTION COST REVIEW FOURTH QUARTER 2012, the building cost per m2 in Hong Kong is
highest among all Asian major cities. Developers should focus and work hard to control construction cost as it becomes a more and
more important element of the development costs. Import of construction labour would be an issue to be considered if the shortage
of labour problem affects the economic growth of Hong Kong.
References
1. Langdon and Seah (2013) QUARTERLY CONSTRUCTION COST REVIEW Hong Kong First Quarter 2013 (URL: http://
hk.langdonseah.com/costdata/cost_data_1Q2013.pdf)
2. Chan, O. (2012) Meeting challenges of HKs construction industry, China Daily, 14 Dec 2012 (URL: http://www.chinadaily.com.
cn/hkedition/2012-12/14/content_16016231.htm)
3. Chan, O. (2012) Meeting challenges of HKs construction industry, China Daily, 14 Dec 2012 (URL: http://www.chinadaily.com.
cn/hkedition/2012-12/14/content_16016231.htm)
4. Chan, O. (2012) Meeting challenges of HKs construction industry, China Daily, 14 Dec 2012 (URL: http://www.chinadaily.com.
cn/hkedition/2012-12/14/content_16016231.htm)
5. News.gov.hk (2013) Construction output up 24.2%, March 12, 2013 (URL: http://www.news.gov.hk/en/categories/finance/
html/2013/03/20130312_163035.shtml
6. Wong, H.M.A. (2013) Infrastructures and Long Term Housing Supply in HKIS Annual Conference 2013 Proceedings
7. News.gov.hk (2013) 10-year housing goals proposed
8. (URL: http://www.news.gov.hk/en/categories/infrastructure/html/2013/09/20130903_134041.shtml)
9. Apply Daily (2013) IT fit
10. http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/news/art/20130414/18227572
11. HKU (2013) Full employment for HKU graduates reflects positive outlook 29 Apr 2013
12. http://www.hku.hk/press/news_detail_9629.html
13. HKU (2013) Full employment for HKU graduates reflects positive outlook 29 Apr 2013
14. http://www.hku.hk/press/news_detail_9629.html
15. But, J. and Siu P. (2013) Business and labour groups disagree over importing construction workers, SCMP Friday, 01 February,
2013, 4:09am
16. http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1140620/business-and-labour-groups-disagree-over-importingconstruction
17. But, J. and Siu P. (2013) Business and labour groups disagree over importing construction workers, SCMP Friday, 01 February,
2013, 4:09am
18. http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1140620/business-and-labour-groups-disagree-over-importingconstruction

Short case study on Hospital Kuala


Lumpur Specialist Complex & Ambulatory
Care Centre (HKL SCACC)
(The first IBS70 government hospital project)
Reported by
Sr Shazali Sulaiman,
Sr Yeap Soon Kiat
(Appearing from left to right)
Royal Institution Of Surveyors Malaysia, Quantity
Surveying Divisions Junior Organization

Keywords about IBS


Standardization / Penyeragaman
Component Size
Industry Standard (Specification)
Component Code
Modular
Basic Module
Modular Coordination / Dimension Coordination
Basic Unit
Malaysian Standard MS 1064
Off -Site Assembly
Prefabrication
Precast
IBS Scoring
On-Site Installation
Delivery & Hoisting
Specialized Workers
Higher Cost
1. IBS Construction Technology In Action

The Implementation Of IBS System For Government Projects came about from the Treasury Letter of Memorandum dated 31
Oktober 2008 which requires the adaptation of Open Tendering System through Modular Coordination MS 1064 (Modular
Kordinasi MS 1064).

The letter requires 70% IBS components in government projects and the Prime Ministers Department shall act as the
implementation and monitoring unit with monitoring assistance from National IBS Secretariat (Sekretariat IBS Kebangsaan).
And the Construction Industry Development Boards (CIDB) IBS Centre (Pusat IBS CIDB) will be the reference and information
centre for the smooth implementation of IBS in Malaysia.

10

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)
Site Location

11

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)
IBS Component (Structural & Architectural) in use comprises of the following:
1. Precast Hollow Core Slab
2. Prefab Steel Roof
3. Precast Wall
4. Precast Beams
5. Precast Cornice & Moulding
6. Precast Staircase
7. Aluminium System Formwork
8. Precision Blockwork
9. One-way Spanning Hollow Core Slab
Precast Hollow Core Slab

The precast hollow core slab (one way direction type) allows for speed of progress of work, where in average it can achieve
1 floor per month for structure framing.
Speed Of Progress Of Work
The below graphic shows the progress of precast hollow core slab for east wing & centre lobby.

12

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)

The below graphic shows the progress of precast hollow core slab for west wing & carpark.

13

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)

2. Summing Up The IBS Score


IBS Score Percentage Distribution comprises of the following categories which makes up 100% (maximum IBS Score for a
building is 100%):
1. Structural system, (which contributes most wet trade i.e. 75% labour content) = max 50%
2. Wall system, which is widely available components in the market = max 30%
3. Others Simplified Saving Construction Solution (using standard components MS1064; repetition; 3D
components; etc ) = max 20%

Scoring For Structural System


The calculation of structural point system is as follow and points awarded are based structural system used:
1. Allocation based on % floor area that utilises the structural system.
2. Sub-structure works (elements) are not taken into account in the calculation e.g. piling, ground beam, ground slab,
underground car park etc).
3. The construction area includes car porch but excluding driveway, apron and landscaped areas.
4. For structural system using load bearing wall, whether precast or in-situ the factor can be determined from the table by
treating the wall as wide column.
5. The factor for tunnel formwork system is 0.6.
6. This is for structural without floor.
IBS Factor For Structural Systems

14

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)
Scoring For Wall System
The calculation of wall point system is as follow and points awarded are based wall system used:
1. Points are awarded based wall system used
2. Allocation based on % length of the wall system used
3. External basement wall for earth retaining purposes and toilet cubicle partition walls are excluded from the
calculation
4. For cavity wall, consider the two separate skins as a wall
5. Parapet and corridor must be counted in the calculation
IBS Factor For Wall Systems

Other Simplifying Features


1. Use of standardised components; MS1064 (Beams, columns, walls, slab, windows, door)
2. Use of prefab components; toilets, staircase etc
3. Repeating features grids, floor ht, etc Vertical repetitions, horizontal repetition
4. Labour saving techniques, spray plaster
IBS Factor For Other Simplified Construction Solutions

15

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)

16

Short case study on Hospital Kuala Lumpur


(Contd)
3. IBS In Construction Procurement & Costing
In order to derive at a reasonably accurate IBS project budget normally requires 2 Steps as follows:

The 1st step In Estimating IBS Construction Cost involves upfront construction planning and IBS components detailing and
specifications.
After the 1st step has been identified only can the QS proceed to estimate the cost based on either the below approaches.

In general there are 3 approaches that can be adopted by QS for establishing the IBS project cost and they are namely as
follows:
1. Elemental Measurement
2. Detail Measurement
3. Production Cost Estimation
4. IBS In Contract Management Considerations

Construction Considerations
The following are some of the construction methods & cost consideration when planning to embark on an IBS project:
1. Heavy lifting crainage (180 ton per lift @ RM60K/Month) / tower crain
2. More full time crainage (50 ton, 65 ton & 180 ton)
3. Different lifting contraption
4. Walky-talky
5. Sub-contracting
6. Limited IBS system / brands
7. Lack of connection / integration of IBS components
8. Required a lot of floor to floor & services by services planning & coordination
9. Allow for starter bars or connectors
10. Cost Considerations
11. Savings on formwork
12. Savings on timber scaffolding
13. Savings on construction period
14. Lower labor content
15. Less wastage
16. Higher cost of IBS
17. High initial / setup cost of IBS
18. Less competitive tender price
19. Need high tech contractors / sub-contractors
Alteration / Renovation Consideration

Despite of its advantages above, IBS system lacks in the following when compared against conventional systems:
1. Difficult to accommodate, needs to be pre-planned upfront
2. Any alterations or renovations will requires hacking of concrete members
3. Structural elements cannot be hacked

17

Why Philippines is now opting for


Green Buildings
In the 2011 Climate Change Vulnerability Index (CCVI) by
By
British firm risk analysis Maplecroft, Philippines was cited
Jose Fernando Magsi Communication Committee,
as one of the six fastest growing cities in the world that
Haira Alilio Centralized Membership Committee ,
is at extreme risk to the impact of climate change. The
Philippine Institute of Certified Quantity Surveyors (PICQS)
disasters brought about by typhoons along with news of
calamities elsewhere have heightened local awareness on
climate change and is pushing local construction professional to participate.
The bright projection of the economic performance of the Philippines is complemented by the countrys efforts to introduce
green or sustainable means of development. With the rising initiative to introduce environmentally-sensitive methods
and technologies in construction, local stakeholders are now aware of the countless benefits which will result, not only in
addressing the problems of climate change, but also in reducing construction and long-term property management costs.

In the quest to introduce improved systems of development, locally-available and ecologically-sustainable building materials
to support effective construction designs have been re-discovered. The degree of energy efficiency and the ability to
recycle other resources have increasingly become incentives to developers, as property management costs are significantly
reduced.
The serious move to encourage sustainable development designs and buildings prompted the creation of a local ratings system
called the Building Ecologically Responsive Design Excellence (BERDE) the local counterpart of the US Green Building
Councils Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) design standards, in promoting green architecture and
design.

The success of this new type of development will certainly encourage more developers, with the help of local governments,
to build better cities and communities. As the country is poised to become one of the more important players in the global
economy, what is clear, for now, is that the success factors in maintaining the countrys competitive advantage are being
enhanced by concerted efforts towards sustainable development. More multinational corporations that want to set up
local headquarters in the Philippines look for eco-friendly skyscrapers. There is a mounting demand from the international
business community, especially foreign investors, on local locators to offer more green buildings. An increasing number of
Filipino building owners are retrofitting and upgrading existing buildings to improve energy efficiency and environmental
performance.
The Philippine Green Building Council (PHILGBC) was incorporated
on March 22, 2007 as a national non-stock, non-profit organization
that promotes the sharing of knowledge on green building practices
to the industry to ensure a sustainable environment. It was
organized to serve as a single voice in the promotion of holistic and market-based green building practices, to facilitate the
sharing of green building information and practices in the building industry, and to serve as a non-partisan venue for the
development of a green building rating system.
BERDE is a green building rating system developed by
the Philippine Green Building Council (PHILGBC), and is
used to measure, verify, and monitor the environmental
performance of buildings that exceeds existing mandatory
regulations and standards. It is consensus-driven, and
achieved through a multi-stakeholder consultation and collaboration process.

LEED Certified Projects in the Philippines include Asian Development Bank, Nuvali One Evotech, Texas Instruments Baguio
and Pampanga, Sunlife, Mind Museum, Shell Shared Services Office, Manila Water, NET Lima and Zuellig. There are 58 projects
that are awaiting LEED certification in the Philippines.

18

Why Philippines is now opting for


Green Buildings (Contd)
The Role of the Quantity Surveyor in Sustainability
Quantity Surveyors in the Philippines have now incorporated aspect of sustainable construction in their services, and is
fast becoming a key feature in construction projects. With focus of energy reduction and cost of occupation, whole-life cost
studies and assessments on long term impact are now part of investment decisions along with examining options using
payback and rates-of-return on capital.
Is Going GREEN Costly

According to the study conducted by Langdon and Seah Philippines International (LSPI), using LEED Certification Rating, the
% on construction cost would be 6%-9% if its Platinum Rating and 3% - 5% if its GOLD rating. These figures are based on
a project above $100M with base design not having any Green Building technologies and basic elements only meeting code
requirements.
LSPI offices see a decline in the extra over cost for GBTs as basic designs incorporate these GBs as an integral part of the
building design (under total building performance). The cost of going green is insignificant as compared to the value of
the building. 2% of the increase in construction cost translate to a small % of total development cost and this is nothing
compared to the value and future proofing of asset.
Green buildings earn almost 8 percent more in terms of rent than a regular building and surprisingly, for sales purposes,
they can go as high as 16 more than conventional buildings. So whatever small investment you give is offset by the additional
income
COST of NOT Going GREEN

There are social pressures due to increasing public awareness of going Green. In addition, retention and productivity of
employees is of increasing importance. A study conducted by CBRE US found out that in green buildings, there is an average
of almost three days less absences per employee, so that is a big factor when employers consider the output of the workforce,
they know that a green building is a better place for work and it is generally healthier so the productivity is there. The
anticipated carbon tax being imposed on energy consumption (as in other developed countries) is also a threat to not going
green.
References:
1. http://earthsky.org/earth/top-10-countires-most-at-risk-from-climate-change
2. http://www.honestbuildings.com/projects/43673/leed-certified-gold-texas-instruments-philippines-clark
3. http://ph.news.yahoo.com/green-buildings-philippines-122634159.html
4. http://berdeonline.org/index.php/rating-schemes/project-registry
5. http://www.gbig.org/activities/leed-10133321
6. Mary Joyce Areolas RICS Presentation in LSPI in Manila, Philippines
7. http://www.philstar.com/real-estate/649658/one-evotech-nuvali-gets-leed-silver-certification
8. http://business.inquirer.net/6368/sustainable-development-seen-by-going-green

19

Latest Project Development and


Construction Cost Trend in Brunei
Brunei Darussalam is located in the Island of Borneo in South East Asia
neighbouring to East Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei is a small country
with an area of 5,271 square kilometers where 75% is still covered with
tropical rainforest. Our current population is approximately 400,000
people. Brunei Darussalam is well known as A Kingdom of Unexpected
Treasure since 2010.

Below here are some of the latest project development in Brunei together
with its construction information. The first is the Block B26 Knowledge
By Mohammad Eddie Bin Wasli
Hub, Anggerek Desa Technology Park. This project costs approximately
PUJA-Brunei
US$4 Million procured using Design and Build method. The construction
period of the project is 15 months. The Hub consist of some green features such as Low-E glazing, automated lighting using
motion sensors, environmental friendly air-conditioning system, energy saving elevators, water saving sanitary fittings and
solar power panels.

Follow by the next is the Lugu National Housing Project which is procured using traditional method. This project is expected to
be completed 4 months in advance instead of the 36 months allocated. The construction cost for this project is approximately
US$55 Million providing 520 units of houses under the national housing scheme. One of the main reasons this was achievable
is due to the good relationship between project parties. This project is also expected to be completed within the budget
allocated.
Another example is the Upgrading of Kampong Ayer Apprentice Project located at the heart of Bandar Seri Begawan. The
objective of this project is to renovate and replace some of the water village houses. A traditional with selective tendering
procurement was used for this project which costs around US$25 Million. The duration of the project is 7 months and was
completed in July 2012. Some features of this project is the use of dry wall fibre cement stud wall, integrated aluminium
roofing, pre-cast structures, spun pile concrete and etc. Most of these features promote fast track construction to overcome
its windy and wet conditions.

From the above few projects, Brunei Darussalam mainly uses the traditional procurement method. Some of the projects were
still awarded to the lowest tenderers which may not achieve the goals or objectives that were intended in terms of cost, time
and quality. This may lead to cost and time overrun, bad relationship between parties, encouragement of the blaming culture,
poor workmanship, low quality materials and etc. The question is whether it is the consultants failure in advising the client
or is it due to the stubbornness of clients? These effects can be minimize by ensuring contractors capabilities, whole life
costing data and sharing experiences of bad projects with identical specifications. Currently, Brunei Darussalam is moving
away from the practice of selecting the lowest bidder.
The other practice often seen in Brunei Darussalam is cost reduction exercise. The cost reduction exercise is often carried out
when architects over design exceeding the budget. This exercise often involves substituting to low quality specification thus
the original perceived product is no longer achievable. Another common factor leading to cost reduction is derived from the
lack of detailed brief from end user or client and the lack of communication between all the stakeholders. This means that
the time and effort for estimating the original package might end up being omitted. The cost reduction exercise is not a bad
practice; however, it should ideally be carried out during design stage instead of after the tender awarded in order to prevent
any potential problems.

The application of modular design and prefabrication works are still limited in Brunei Darussalam. This method has been
practiced in the national housing scheme but it is being fabricated on site using formwork moulds casted on site. This has
been practiced in one of the housing project to build over 4000 houses in a relatively short period of time. The outcome of this
method is that the houses are completed within the time allocation and also some savings to the contract sum.
Even though Brunei Darussalam is still practicing traditional procurement but design and build procurement is getting more
and more popular nowadays. The risk in design and build can be minimized by practicing it regularly to optimize its advantage.
Using this procurement may lead to changes in design leading to variation works, however these can be minimized by firming
the end users or clients design brief and avoid any changes during construction. In terms of assessment of design and build
compared to traditional procurement method, it may be difficult for client to select between the bidders, because essentially
its like comparing apple to orange. The consultants will have an important role of recommending the most suitable option
to the client.

As of 13th May 2013, the Brunei Green Building Council (GBC) is formed. The councils main objectives are to develop more
environmental-friendly buildings; promoting sustainability in the built environment as well as an awareness to the general
public. A green building rating tool formulated to suit the country is underway.

20

Construction Industry, Quantity


Surveyors and Software in Sri Lanka
Construction industry is unique nature due to the features of output, its size,
government as a main client, nature of demand for construction output, nature of
construction work, variety of construction technology, and structure of industry
(Nazib Faizal, 2013). As a quantity surveyor in this vast, unique and dynamic
environment we must use many methods to improve our efficiency and effectiveness.
In this 21st century, in the midst of the digital world, software can be an assistance
to mitigate and minimize the vast work load that a quantity surveyor has to bear.
The quantity surveyor are spending more time on repetitive work than using the
quantity surveying practices.

By K.A.R.V.D Kahandawa
BSc (Hons) Quantity Surveying
University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

In the Sri Lankan context, to my knowledge and experience in industrial training,


there are many software that are been used by quantity surveyors. They can be mainly, Microsoft word, Excel and Autocad.
These softwares are used currently to reduce repetitive work and ease the work. There is a lot of time wastage in repetitive
work in the preparation of equations and BOQ etc..

There are many areas that can be improved to help quantity surveyor use of software. To my experience, these softwares they
are now using are not compatible with each other as well as the users do not have the complete knowledge. For example,
Autocad and Excel cannot directly connect with each other which, has reduced the working speed in producing a BOQ.
Furthermore there are many way to increase the speed of using Excel as well. One may be using macros, or even a template
can be used with all the equations added.
We can also go for new softwares that have the ability to work with all the needs of the quantity surveyor such as drawing
and documents. In addition, Software engineering and developing professionals could be used to develop current softwares
to quantity surveyors need and expectation. One program that I learn has such potential is Costx software that can deal with
the drawings, 3D models, rates and documentation. But such softwares are not popular among current practitioner and they
not willing it leave their comfort softwares.

In conclusion, quantity surveyor plays a major role in the construction industry handling the expenditure. Therefore there is
major workload on his shoulders. In this digital world, software can used to minimize the work load of the quantity surveyor,
and focus more quantity surveying aspects. Therefore we must improve our softwares and skills on them to be more efficient
and effective.
References
Nazib Faizal (2013). Construction Industry and its characteristics. [online] Retrieved from: http://kumahauing.wordpress.
com/2010/11/13/construction-industry-and-its-characteristics/ [Accessed: 26 Oct 2013].

21

TENDER SUBMISSIONS
One of the utmost important documents in construction industry is the tender
response which is offered by the contractor. Substantially the time duration that
provided to write the tender response may be varied according to the nature of the
project, client needs to start the project as soon as possible and etc. Nevertheless
the only thing you have to verify as the bidder who has necessitated of succeeding
the bid, that you submit your tender before the given dead line. Otherwise you may
be deprived of not only that bidding but also your staffs valuable time, energy and
may be motivation even.

By P.A.C.B. Allis
BSc (Hons) Quantity Surveying
University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

I had one such experience in my training period as trainee Quantity Surveyor in the
contractors tendering department. Phase I of that project was being constructing
by the same contractor when there was a call for tendering to Phase II. As the one of
the trainee, who had been involving for that Phase I project, I also personally knew that the project is contributed good profit
to the contractor and the client also highly satisfied about the speed of construction where the master programme was in
step back. By the way contractor had mobilized already in the site and it trimmed the price of preliminary bill significantly,
which would be highly advantage to the contractor in the evaluation process. Even the risks which could have to face by
the contractor had also highly predictable than other bidders. Whole the management and financial department of the
organization were keen on that tender and all had the idea that we can win this without matter.
Can you imagine what happened at the end? Yes, by frustrating whole the tender department and giving me the article topic,
the tender was rejected without openly because of the late submission. Still it is kept in my heart as a sweet dream which was
ended as a nightmare. In the first time of my life, I felt how much value it is having for 15 minutes. As a profit it was millions.
In your case it can be billions and even more.

One thing I want to emphasize is, please be careful about your time management as professional Quantity Surveyors in case
of these situations. It will diminish the wasting time, money and all other resources as well as acquire more for you and your
company. Unlike other resources, time cannot be bought or sold, borrowed or stolen, stocked up or saved, manufactured,
reproduced, or modified. All we can do is make use of it in a superior way. Therefore, corroborate about the deadline of the
tender submission, if you sense you cant achieve it better to throw away the tender document without taking single attempt
to fill it.

22

Introduction to Guidance of
Practice for Project Management for
Construction Projects (First Edition,
Shanghai)
In recent years, the scale of construction projects is getting larger, technologies
adopted are becoming increasingly complex, more stakeholders are involved in the
construction process and the clients requirements are getting stricter. Accordingly,
the scope of professional project management services provided by project
management companies are getting wider, deeper and with more responsibilities.
The whole industry believes the construction consultants industry has a long way
to go facing current trends and heavy tasks. So, we must try our best to improve
every project management teams professional skills and knowledge. The better
By Annabella Wu
project management environment and more good practices in Shanghai have
CECA (Shanghai branch)
provided foundation for researching and concluding on project management for
construction projects and formulating a guidance book for the industry. Hence,
being the initiator, organized scholars from universities including Tongji University Complicated Engineering Management
Research Institute and experts in the construction consultants industry in China together formulate the Guidance of Practice
for Project Management for Construction Projects (referred to as Guidance hereinafter) as an important step to prosper the
construction consultants industry.

SCCA always focuses on the dynamic state of international and domestic project management, especially on members
implementations of project management services and explore platforms in order to provide chances for SCCA members
to display and exchange ideas and practical experiences. 2010 November, 1st International Project Management
ConferenceShanghai attracted over 400 Chinese and foreign experts, scholars and professionals during the two-day
conference, and organized more than 10 thematic reports and panel discussions. 14-15 November, 2013, 2nd International
Project Management Conference: current development and future trends in project management - common values and
cultural connotation held in Shanghai.
Project management may be defined as the overall planning, co-ordination and control of a project from inception to
completion aimed at meeting a clients requirements in order to produce a functionally and financially viable project that
will be completed safely, on time, within authorized cost and to the required quality standards. (Code of Practice for Project
Management for Construction and Development - Fourth Edition). Project management services refer to the intelligence
services mainly provided by the third party professionals and oriented to the whole society, clients and owners.

Project management runs throughout every construction process, i.e. from the very investment intention and under
condition of sustainable development, through initial, planning and designing, pre-construction, construction, completion
and handover, post-completion review until facility management. The final purpose is to satisfy the requirements of the
client through all-process planning, organizing, coordination and control of a project, so as to build a project which is fullfeatured, financially profitable, environmentally friendly, and beneficial to the final users and with time advancement. In
another word, project management aims to safely complete the project within scheduled time, authorized cost and required
quality standards.
Referring to standards of project management in European and American and the practice experience of domestic project
management services, the guiding concept of the Guidance is to refine the standardized contents of whole-process project
management service provided by consultation companies to the clients/owners, including the framework of what to do, how
to do and the result of doing for professional project management services, as well as working contents, scope and extent

23

Introduction to Guidance of
Practice for Project Management for
Construction Projects (First Edition,
Shanghai) - Contd
of service, and flow of project management service. By referring to the current project management standards worldwide
including standards of FIDIC, the Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development (Fourth
Edition) from the Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB) and various internal project management service standards from
many domestic consultant and project management companies, it has been eventually decided to formulate the Guidance
in six stages according to the whole process time sequence of project, i.e. initial stage, planning and designing stage, preconstruction stage, construction stage, completion and handover stage, and post-completion review stage.
In the viewpoints of the consultation companies providing professionalized project management services to the clients/
owners, the Guidance tries to generate a guideline for their service, complying with the current laws and regulations of
China, and taking the market demands as orientation. It not only takes the regulation between current system and approval
procedure into consideration, but also makes allowance for the development of project management service in the future
as a whole, and users of the Guidance may include clients/owners who plan to employ project management service and
the project management companies assigned by the clients/owners. It may also be used by other participants and relevant
parties of construction projects for reference. The preconditions of its specific contents are that the owner has engaged
other professional consultant companies according to the current laws and stipulations as well as conventions, such as
construction supervision company, tender agency and cost consultants company (QS, cost engineering, cost auditing), etc.,
and assigns project management service on such basis, the contents of which to be undertaken by the project management
service provider under such situation. If the owner does not employ aforesaid professional consultant companies according
to the normal ways, the services undertaken by aforesaid companies may be transferred to the project management company.
Specific services may be decided by the two parties through negotiation in the normal ways. As the types, location, stages of
implementation involved and the clients/owners requirements are different, the detailed contents of project management
services may vary according to the actual situations.
Therefore, the formulation of the Guidance have referred to the current laws and regulations, adopted general professional
terms, which guarantees the normalization and operation ability, and meanwhile forecasts the development trend in the
future.

24

Latest Project Development and


Construction Cost Trend In China
A. The Real Estate Market In China
In 2012, the Central Government of Mainland China issued a series of policies on
macro-control of the real estate market. However, the growth of GDP of Mainland
China was not able to get rid of the dependence on the fixed asset investment.
As the important part of the fixed asset investment, the real estate market kept
growing in 2012. The total investment in the real estate market was RMB 7180.4
billion, increased by 16.2%. Among them, the investment in housing was RMB
4937.4 billion, increased by 11.4%. The investment in office was RMB 336.7
billion, increased by 31.6%. And the investment in commercial was RMB 931.2
billion , increased by 25.4%.

By Gu Xiaohui
CECA (Shanghai branch)

Fig. 1.1 The house price index has increased consistently from June 2012.
(Source: http://www.fangchan.com/)

According to the figure 1.1, we can see that the house price index decreased slowly from Aug. 2011, the beginning of this
round macro-control on the real estate market. During the first half year of 2012, the house price index was stable. From Jul.
2012, the house price index began to increase at a relatively high speed and exceeded the beginning point in Oct. 2012, which
means the real estate market has recovered and this round macro-control was not successful.

Fig. 1.2 The sales performance of the major developers in China in 2012.
25

Latest Project Development and


Construction Cost Trend In China (Contd)

Fig. 1.3 The unit prices of land transaction in some cities in China from 2012.

The data of Fig. 1.2 also proved that the real estate market is still in the boom years. From Fig. 1.3, we can see that compared
with the land cost, the proportion of construction cost is very small. As the real estate market is booming and the land cost is
very high, clients pay more attention to time rather than cost.
B. The Factors Influencing Construction Cost

Fig. 2.1 The price of concretor in Shanghai (RMB/day) Source: http://203.95.6.186/newver/

Fig. 2.2 The price of steel bar in Shanghai (RMB/t) Source: http://203.95.6.186/newver/

26

Latest Project Development and


Construction Cost Trend In China (Contd)
Labor cost: With the labor cost growing higher, the construction cost will increase accordingly. However, this will promote
the contractor in improving capacity of management and efficiency.

Material cost: The material cost will keep fluctuating. However, if the CPI, PPI and inflation keep growing, the material cost
will increase collectively. The proportion of material cost in construction cost will decrease.
The change of policy: The central government is going to issue value-added tax policy in construction industry. This will
influence the construction cost greatly. Contractors should be more professional in construction cost management.

Green building: With the consumers now being more concerned about energy conservation and low-carbon, developers now
pay more attention to green building.
New technology: With the application of BIM and cloud computing, all the parties in the construction industry will learn to
adapt to these changes. New technology will change the method of how a building will be built up. It will also change our
wok manner.
C. Latest Project Development

a. The Shanghai Tower

The building will stand approximately 632 meters high and will have 121 stories.
The construction area is 576000 square meters. The tower will take the form of nine
cylindrical buildings stacked atop each other, totalling 121 floors, all enclosed by the
inner layer of the glass faade. Between that and the outer layer, which twists as it rises,
nine indoor zones will provide public space for visitors. Each of these nine areas will
have its own atrium, featuring gardens, cafes, restaurants and retail space and providing
360-degree views of the city.

b. Pingan IFC

Pingan International Finance Center is a 115-storey supertall skyscraper that is under


construction in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China. The tower was commissioned by
Ping An Insurance, and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox
Associates. It is expected to be completed in 2016, and will at that time be the secondtallest building in the world, as well as the tallest in China, standing a total of 660 m
(2,165 ft) high.

27

Latest Project Development and


Construction Cost Trend In China (Contd)
c. The China Expo Convention & Exhibition Complex

The China Expo Convention & Exhibition Complex will have 400,000 square meters of indoor space and 100,000 square
meters of outdoor areas - double the size of the Shanghai New International Expo Center, currently the citys largest exhibition
facility. The project was started at the end of 2011 and will be completed in 2015. The total investment is CNY 20 billion.

d. Shenzhen International Airport Terminal 3

The 400,000 square metre terminal will be built in three phases, with the final elements completed in 2035. Major facilities
in Phase 1 will include the unit terminal with 63 contact gates, the first se of the APM, traffic system, parking place, landscape,
and shopping centre. During Phase 2, the first remote passenger concourse will be constructed to add gates and the satellite
terminal with rail stations will be operational. Development of the airports west side will continue until about 2035 when
T3 Shenzhen International Airport will be fully constructed.

28

Latest Project Development and


Construction Cost Trend In China (Contd)
e. Shanghai Disneyland

The opening ceremony for the construction of Shanghai Disneyland was held on April 8, 2011. The first period construction of
Disney Resort covers 390 hectares, including the core area, 116-hectare Magic Kingdom. The infrastructure and supporting
facilities consist of the theme hotel, retail store, restaurant, parking lot, central lake, traffic hub, etc. The estimated total
investment of the park is CNY 24.5 billion.

f. Hello Kitty Theme Park in Anji

In 2014, the Hello Kitty Theme Park will be opening in Anji, Zhejiang Province. At a cost of $215 million, the 95,000-squaremeter will feature all things all things Hello Kitty. The park will be the third of its kind in the world and the first Hello Kitty
theme park outside of Japan. It will cover a total area of 60 hectares, including a theme park, hotel and catering services.

29

30

Stay connected.
The YQSG Committee
Chairman:
Joseph Chong (HKIS)
josephhku@gmail.com

Vice-Chairman:
Prasath Sanjeewa (IQSSL)
prasathsanjeewa@yahoo.com
Yeap Soon Kiat (RISM)
yskiat@yahoo.com
Annabella Wu (CECA)
wyq_anna@yahoo.com.cn
Secretary:
Nila Dimaano (Philippines)
ndd.unl@gmail.com

IT:
Prasath Sanjeewa (IQSSL)
prasathsanjeewa@yahoo.com
Yeap Soon Kiat (RISM)
yskiat@yahoo.com

Australia

Treasurer:
Aaron Phua Tuan Chuan (PUJA-Brunei)
cuti3aaron@hotmail.com
Low Sow Fun (PUJA-Brunei)
lah@brunet.bn
Members:
Kenta Fukagawa (BSIJ)
fukagawak@gmail.com
Eugene Seah (SISV)
eugeneseah@sg.langdonseah.com
Daniel Wong (SISV)
daniel.wong@pfspl.com.sg
Khoo Sze Boon (SISV)
khooszeboon@sg.langdonseah.com
Amnah Salleh (RISM)
amnahsalleh@yahoo.com
Shazali Sulaiman (ISM)
shazali@mail.kaassociates.com.my
Nishantha Wichramasingae (IQSSL)
ccmpl.nw@gmail.com

Australian Institute of Quantity Surveyors


(AIQS)
Suite 602, Level 6, 65 York Street, Sydney,
NSW 2000 Australia.
Phone: +612 9262 1822
Fax: +612 9279 1400
Web:
www.aiqs.com.au
www.yourunthenumbers.com.au

China

China Engineering Cost Association (CECA)


No.9 SanLiHe Road,
Ministry of Construction, Beijing,
P.R China
Phone: +86 10 5781 1486
Fax: +86 10 5781 1485
Web: www.ceca.org.cn

Brunei

Members:
Max Shea (AIQS)
max.shea@au.rlb.com
Alex Ling Kie Kuck (PUJA-Brunei)
kiekuck@hotmail.com
Aaron Wong Chuan Xing (PUJA-Brunei)
ajjwcx@hotmail.com
Hjh Siti Seri Hj Jamil (PUJA-Brunei)
ssj8896@yahoo.com
Hj Muhammad Fahrurrazi Hj Abdul Hamid (PUJA-Brunei)
razi2709@hotmail.com
Edna Yeo (AIQS)
Quek Li Ting (SISV)
Vincent Lau (AIQS)
Web
1. www.yqsg.net
2. http://paqsyqsg.proboards.com/index.cgi
3. http://www.linkedin.com/groups?mostPopular=&g
id=2608377
4. http://www.facebook.com/groups/ypaqs/

Institution of Surveyors, Engineers and


Architects, Brunei (PUJA)

Unit 3, 2nd Floor, Block B9, Simpang 32-66,


Kampong Anggerek Desa, Berakas BB3713,
Brunei Darussalam
Phone: +673 2384021
Fax: +673 2384021
Web: www.puja-brunei.com

Email:
secgeneral@puja-brunei.com
or
hzassoc@brunet.bn

FIJI

Fiji Institute of Quantity Surveyors (FIQS)


PO Box 286, Suva, Fiji

Phone: 67 9 300 455


Fax: 67 9 300 375
Email: fiqsec@yahoo.com

Canada

Canadian Institute of Quantity Surveyors


(CIQS)

90 Nolan Court, Unit 19, Markham, Ontario,


L3R 4L9 Canada
Phone: +905 477 0008
Fax: +905 477 6774
Web: www.ciqs.org
Email: info@ciqs.org

Hong Kong

Quantity Surveying Division,


The Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors (HKIS)
Room 1205, 12/F, Wing on Centre
111 Connaught Road Central, Sheung Wan,
Hong Kong.
Phone : (852) 2526 3679
Fax : (852) 2868 4612
Email: info@hkis.org.hk

31

Stay connected.
Japan

Malaysia

New Zealand

Building Surveyors Institute of


Japan (BSIJ)

Royal Institution of Surveyors Malaysia


(RISM)

New Zealand Institute of Quantity


Surveyors (NZIQS)

Phone: (03) 3453 - 9591


Fax: (03) 3453 9597
Web: www.bsij.or.jp
Email: hp@bsij.or.jp

Phone: 603 7955 1773, or 603 7956 9728


Fax: 603 7955 0253
Web: www.rism.org.my
Email: secretariat@rism.org.my

Phone: (64) (0)4 473 5521


Email: office@nziqs.co.nz

105-0014
3-16-12 Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo Mita 3F
Sunrise Building

Phillipines

Philippine Institute of Certified Quantity


Surveyors (PICQS)
Unit 4H Tower 5 Avida, Sucat Towers,
Dr. A. Santos Avenue, Sucat, Paranaque,
Philippines

Phone: 0063 9189092612


0063 917 8111068
Web: www.picqs.org
Email:
picqs@yahoo.com or jmc.picqs@yahoo.com

3rd Floor, Bangunan Juruukur, 64-66


Jalan 52/4, 46200 Petaling Jaya, Selangor,
MALAYSIA.

Sri Lanka

Institute of Quantity Surveyors Sri Lanka


(IQSSL)
The Professional Centre, No.
275/75, 2nd Floor,
Prof. Stanley Wijesundra Mawatha,
off Bauddhaloka Mawatha,
Colombo 07
Phone: 0094 11 2595970
Fax: 0094 11 2595570
Email: iqssl@sltnet.lk

Level 8
276 Lambton Quay Wellington 6011
New Zealand

Singapore

Singapore Institute of Surveyors and Valuers


(SISV)

110 Middle Road #09-00 Chiat Hong Building


Singapore 188968
Phone: (65) 62223030
Fax: (65)62252453
Email: qs@sisv.org.sg

South Africa

Association of South African Quantity


Surveyors (ASAQS)

Suite G6, Building 27, Thornhill Office Park,


Bekker Road, Midrand, 1686, South Africa
Phone: +27 11 315 4140
Fax: +27 11 315 3785
Web: www.asaqs.co.za
Email: association@asaqs.co.za

If you are a practising Quantity Surveyor below


age 40 with an interest in publishing articles in
YQSG Newsletters, you can send your articles
to Prasath (prasathsanjeewa@yahoo.com).

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