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Malaysian Studies

Assigntment:-2

Lecturer
Mrs. Roshita

Name: MD. ATIQUR RAHMAN


Passport:BB0567415
ID: DCT0815F14026

The qualification for requiring Malaysian citizenship


Current Malaysian citizenship laws were set by the Malaysian Constitution in
1964 in response to Malaysian independence from Britain in 1957. Because some of
the requirements regarding the Malay language are inconsistently applied, expats
looking to become naturalized citizens are often met with disappointment and delays
when pursuing the citizenship process. If you wish to become a Malaysian citizen, study
the requirements carefully and prepare to devote yourself to Malaysian allegiance in
pursuit of the privilege of citizenship.
Registration: A child born in Malaysia or outside of Malaysia to Malaysian parents is a
Malaysian citizen. If the child has one Malaysian parent and is born in Malaysia, the
child is also a citizen. If a child is born outside of Malaysia to one Malaysian parent, he
is not a citizen, but may become a permanent resident of Malaysia and later apply for
citizenship. In all of these cases, citizenship is conferred by law, but the parents must
still register the child at the Malaysian National Registration Office to officially obtain the
child's Malaysian citizenship. An "elementary knowledge" of the Malay language is
required to obtain citizenship by registration.
Naturalization: Naturalization is the method by which people with no Malay heritage may
become citizens. This process requires would-be citizens to live in Malaysia for 10 of
the 12 years prior to the application and speak the Malay language. The level of speech
and comprehension of Malay is vaguely defined in the constitution, which states
applicants should have "adequate knowledge." Besides providing one's own identity and
residence documents and proving a knowledge of Malay, an applicant must submit the
identity cards of two Malaysians who recommend the applicant for citizenship.
Losing Citizenship: Malaysia does not recognize dual citizens. If a citizen of Malaysia
takes on citizenship in another country, her citizenship is revoked by the Malaysian
government. Citizenship could also be revoked for Malaysian expats living abroad who
have not registered with the Malaysian Embassy, or citizens who work for a foreign
government without permission of the Malaysian government.
Revoking Citizenship: Malaysian law requires that citizens wishing to voluntarily revoke
Malaysian citizenship must complete Form K and submit it to the Malaysian Embassy,
along with the person's Malaysian identity card, passport and birth certificate. The birth
certificate is later returned when the revocation process is complete.

3 obstacles to achieving National integration:

As being mentioned above, achieving national integration is not an easy task, but efforts
must go on. This is due to the existence of economic, social, cultural, residential and
world view among the people. Therefore, the Malaysian government since the
independence of the country has put endless efforts towards achieving the national
integration. In general, there are three main obstacles that the country has to face and
resolve. They are prejudice, communalism and ethnocentrism.
a Prejudice
Do you know what prejudice is? It refers to the attitude towards others based on
evidences which is not concrete and might be wrong. In Malaysia context, this kind of
pre-judgmental attitude still exists among races even though much positive information
is provided.

b Racism
Communalism refers to the attitude of favouring ones own ethnic group. This kind of
feeling is also prevalent in Malaysia. For example, the political parties that exist in
Malaysia are still on ethnic base. UMNO represents the Malays, MCA and Gerakan
represent the Chinese, MIC represents the Indians and many others. Each political
party will fight for the interests of its ethnic. It happens in the country where there are
some companies refuse to hire those who cannot speak certain language that belongs
to one ethnic group.

c Ethnocentrism
It is a belief that ones own culture is superior to that of others. Due to this feeling, any
element from another culture that is different with ones own culture, is considered
wrong, bad or even dangerous. Just like the feeling that people of Israel think about
themselves that is they are the chosen people of Allah SWT.
The solving or overcoming system this problem: There are many ways that can be
taken to achieve unity among the Malaysians.
1. Sports:
It is because, children who play together and eventually will stand together as a nation
when they become adults. On the other hand, government policies on national unity is
the nature of integration, namely through the adjustment with a variety of cultural and
social characteristics that can be accepted by all ethnic groups in our social
characteristics that can be accepted by all ethnic groups in our country.
2. Political power sharing:

Also can create the unity between the Malaysians. Before our country got he
independence, the leader of the three main races which are Malay, Chinese and Indian
have realized that political compromise and power sharing is essential in the guard and
conducted fairly to avoid power misconduct and divisions. The important position in
government, the seats in the election and the candidates contesting must be ensuring
not only dominated by one ethnic.
3. Democracy to choosing the government:
We must ensure that all citizens are eligible and do not violate state law, can voice their
opinions, criticisms, and choose a candidate in the elections freely and fairly. Who
would win the election with a majority of votes entitled to established channels such as
the Dewan Rakyat or Dewan Negara.
4. Allocation of the economic:
The highest incidence of poverty that are still held by the natives. If it is left to other
problems such as social jealousy among the natives of other races, they feel
themselves oppressed, social problems, increasing crime rates and so forth. To
overcome this situation, the allocation of the economic cake must be made in fair
manner and in accordance with the needs of people who are in Malaysia. The weak and
the poor should be helped with a variety of ways to improve their economic status.
5. National principle:
The government also have created a principal that can unite all the Malaysians which is
known as National Principal (Rukun Negara). National principals were launched on
August 31, 1970 is our national ideology. The national ideology is necessary to create
an identity that same spirit and purpose of fostering cooperation among the various
ethnic and communities. The five pillars of the principle are as follows, belief in god,
loyalty to the king and country, supremacy of the constitution, rule of law and behavior
and morality.