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A Detailed Lesson Plan in Mathematics for Grade 8

I. Objectives:
At the end of the 60-minute discussion, the students should be able to:

define probability;

enumerate the key terms in probability;

solve for the probability of the examples given; and

relate the importance and concepts of probability of events to their lives.


II.

Subject Matter: Probability of an Event

III. Materials: Wheel of Jackpot, Coin, Die, Whiteboard, Whiteboard marker, Projector,
White screen, bond papers and permanent marker.
Reference/s: Advanced Algebra, Trigonometry, and Statistics; Esparrago, et al.
(2004) pp.606-619
Next Century Mathematics; Diaz, et al. (2013) p. 598-600
College Statistics: Revised Edition; Hernandez, et al.
(2012) pp.137-144
Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data; Sullivan III (2007) pp.12-16
IV. Procedure:

TEACHERS ACTIVITY

STUDENTS ACTIVITY

Routine Activities:
Please arrange your chairs and go
back to your proper seats.
Lets all stand and pray. Ygene,
please lead the prayer.

(the students will stand and pray...)

Good morning, class.


Okay, You may now be seated.

Good morning, Maam Pamela.


Thank you, maam.

Who is absent today?

None maam.

Very Good! Lets start the discussion.


A. Motivation:
Before we start our start our new
lesson for today, I want you to watch a
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video first about the Monty Hall


Problem. After watching the video Ill
ask you some questions about it. Is
Yes maam.
that clear?
(The students will be presented a
video presentation)
If you were the one whos in the game
show, are you going to swap doors or
I will swap maam.
not? Yes Veejay.
Why did you say so?

The car maybe in the first door maam


and not in the third door.

I just guess that the first door contains the


What made you say that maybe its in
car.
the first door?

Good, do you agree with her?

No maam.

Because there are only two doors


If not, why will you not swap doors?
remaining maam. So I have an equal
Yes Marielle.
chance of getting the car.

Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

If yes, lets see later if your answer is


correct.
So Marielle said awhile ago about
chances. In our lessons before in
Mathematics weve studied about
Algebra and Geometry and now, we
have our new lesson which is about
chances, that is Probability.
(The teacher will present a PowerPoint
Presentation)

B. Exploration/Discovery:

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Look at the sky outside; what do you


think is the chance that it will rain
today? Yes Ronnie.
There is no chance maam.

Correct, what do we mean by no


chance? Is it 0% or 100%? Yes Owen. There is 0% chance of raining today
maam.
Very Good! Now, There are four key
terms in Probability but before we
proceed lets have these examples
first.
(The teacher will flash the examples on
the screen)
Who can read this? Yes Lester.

In tossing a fair coin, S has two outcomes


i.e. S= {T, H}

Thank you. When we toss a fair coin,


its either we will have a head or a tail.
When we say fair coin, it is about
having one head and one tail and not
two head and two tails. Do you agree? Yes maam.
Good, the next one? Yes Sunshine.
In selecting a gender, S
outcomes i.e. S= {M, F}

has

two

Thank you. For example Joshs mother


is pregnant, there are only two possible
gender for the child, its either hes a
male or shes a female. Do you agree? Yes maam.
Good, Lets now proceed to the four
key terms. I have here on the board the
four key terms; all we have to do is to
identify the definitions of the four terms.

OUTCOMES
SAMPLE SPACE
EXPERIMENT

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EVENTS
(The teacher will flash the definitions
on the screen)
Who can read the first one? Yes
Ashley.
This is the process that, when performed,
results in one and only one of many
observations.
Thank you Ashley. So among the four
key terms, which do you think is the
one which talks about process? Any
idea? Yes Ygene.
Its the experiment maam.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Very Good! So among the four key


terms the one which talk about process
when
performed
has
many
observations is the experiment. One
example of this is tossing a coin, when
we toss a coin 10 times then were
doing an experiment.
So again what is the key word in the
experiment? Yes Rey.
Process maam.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Correct! Please write your answer and


your name here on the bond paper.
Paste it at the side of the board.
(The student will paste the word
experiment with its key word at the side)
Thank you. Who can read the next
one? Yes Josh.
These are the observations from the
experiment.
So among the three left key terms,
which is the one which talks about
observations? Yes Husefedy.
Its the outcome maam.
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Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

Very Good! So when we say outcomes


these are any possible observations of
an experiment. One example of this is,
when we toss a coin H is what we call
an outcome.
SO what is our key term for the
outcome? Yes Gene.
Observation maam.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Very Good! Please write your answer


and your name here. And paste it
below the experiment.
(The student will paste the word outcome
with its key word at the side)
Thank you. Who can read the next
one? Yes Ana May.
These are the collection of all possible
outcomes for an experiment.
Among the two which do you think
talks about all possible outcomes of an
experiment? Yes Cenaiza.
Sample Space maam.
Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

Great! So when we say sample space,


its about all the possible outcomes.
Example is when we throw a die the
sample space is S= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}. Is
that clear class?
Yes maam.
What is our key term for Sample
space?
All possible outcomes maam.
Very Good. Please write it down with
your name below and paste it.
(The student will paste the word sample
space with its key word at the side)
Thank you. Any questions so far?

None maam.

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Good, Lets proceed to the last one.


Who can read it? Yes Juanito.
These are results of an experiment.

So which one talks about results? Yes The events maam.


Owen.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Very Good! When we say events these


are the results of an experiment.
Example of this is (The teacher will
throw a dice thrice the results are 5, 3,
and 6. So these are the events in our
experiment. Are we clear?
Yes maam.
So what is our keyword for the events?
Yes Armina.
The keyword is results maam.
Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

Very Good! Please write down your


answer with your name below and
paste it.
(The student will paste the word sample
space with its key word at the side)
Thank you. Any questions class?

None maam.

Okay, can we proceed?

Yes maam.

Please read, Yes Samantha.

In selecting a color of a rainbow, there are


seven outcomes, i.e. S= {R, O, Y, G, B, I,
V}.

Thank you. Our sample space is S= {R,


O, Y, G, B, I, V} and our possible
observations are R, O, Y, G, B, I, V.
(The teacher will ask three student to
pick one color in the box)
So what we are doing now is an
experiment. What color did you pick?
Ygene: Blue
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Ashley: Orange
Ronnie: Violet
Thank you. These three are what do
we call the events. Again what is our
key term for the events? Yes Marielle.
Results maam.
Do you agree with her?
Yes maam.
Very good. So these three are the
results of our experiment which are the
events.
Lets proceed. In throwing a die
What are the possible outcomes? Yes
Joselito.
S= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} maam.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Great! If we want to get the probability


of getting an even/odd number, we
have this formula.
(The teacher will present the formula)
Please read, Yes Bong.

Thank you Bong. Example is throwing


a die, you said awhile ago that the
possible outcomes is S= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6} so what is the probability of getting
an even number?
What are the even numbers in this
case? Yes Josh.
We have 2, 4 and 6 maam.
Do you agree with him?
Yes maam.
Very Good! So we have 2, 4 and 6 and
that is our possible outcomes all over
out total outcomes which is {1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6}, we have:

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Is this the only way we can express our


answer?
No maam.
If not, in which another way can we
express our answers? Yes Husefedy.
We can also express them in decimals.
Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

Great! It can be expressed in the form


of a fraction, decimal, percent, or ratio.
If the probability of an event is greater,
the event is more likely to happen.
Now who can express the answer in
decimals? Yes Erik.
Its 0.50 maam.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Correct How about in percentage? Yes


Dan.
We have 50% maam.
Do you agree with him
Yes maam.
Very Good. Any questions class?

None maam.

Good, lets proceed. Lets have more


examples.
(The teacher will flash the problems)
How many hearts do we have in a deck
of 52 cards? Yes Samantha.
We have 13 hearts maam.
Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

Great! What is our total number of


cards? Yes Ronnie.
We have 52 cards maam.
Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Very good, So we will just substitute


the values to our formula.

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What is its simple form? Yes Lester.

Do you agree with him?

Yes maam.

Very Good. Lets now proceed to letter


b. How many aces do we have? Yes We have 4 aces maam.
Sunshine.
Do you agree with her?

Yes maam.

Correct! Let us substitute the values.

What is its simplest form? Yes Allan.


Yes maam.
Do you agree with him?
Great! Lets proceed to letter c. How
We have 26 red cards maam.
many red cards do we have? Yes
Daniel.
Yes maam.
Do you agree with him?
Very Good, Lets substitute the values
to the formula.

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Who can give the simplest form? Yes


Veejay.
Yes maam.
Do you agree with her?
Very good. Is everythings clear class?
Any questions? Clarifications?

Yes maam.
None maam.

Great! Lets have a pair work; your seat


mate is your partner. Ill give you three
Yes maam.
minutes per question is that okay with
you?
Good, each pair who will participate
and get the correct answer will have a
colored paper; each colored paper will
be equal to 5 points recitation.

Yes maam.

Can we start?
(The teacher
questions)

will

present

the

Who can answer the first question?


(The student will answer the question and
Yes pair 1.
explain it after)

C. Fixing Skills/Application:
Okay class, lets have our activity
entitled Picture, Picture,
Upload
There are five categories in this
activity, we have:

Royalty
Die Hard
Win-Win
Ikaw na!

Yes maam.
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Are you ready?


(The teacher will flash the categories
and questions on the screen)
Please refer to the PowerPoint
Presentation.

(Students will explain the answers in


each of the questions asked.)

D. Abstraction/Generalization:
Before we proceed to our seatwork
lets sum up first all the things that
weve tackled for today by answering
these questions.
1. The three things that I learned are
____________.
What are the three things that youve
learned in probability? Yes Veejay.

Ive learned that the branch of


Mathematics that deals about chances is
Probability and under probability is the
experiment which talks about the
process; outcome which talks about any
possible observations.
Yes maam.

Do you agree with her?


Very Good Veejay. Any other things
that youve learned? Yes Ygene.

Ive learned that the events are what do


we call results of the experiment; sample
space is all the outcomes in an
experiment and events are the results in
an experiment.
Yes maam.

Do you agree with Ygene?


Lets have number 2, yes Owen.
2. The lessons that Ive learned can
be applied in _______________.

The things that Ive learned can be


applied in the real life setting maam. In
our daily living, when we encountered
things that we want or need to know the
chances that we have, then we can use
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probability in solving it.


Yes maam.
Do you agree with Owen?
Okay, Lets have the last question.
Yes Veejay.
3. One thing that I want to know more
is ________________.

So, do you still have any questions


regarding to this concepts?
So it means youre ready to solve
problem on your own regarding the
measures of central tendency?
Are you sure?

E. Evaluation:
Okay then. Get 1 whole sheet of
paper for the activity.
**see activity attached
Good day class.

V. Assignment:
In a sheet of paper,

Checked by:
Ms. Janet L. Allado
Cooperating Teacher

February 23, 2016


Date of Execution

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Prepared by:

Pamela R. Ocampo
Practice Teacher

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