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Question 1

1 out of 1 points
_____ is the use of sociological insights and findings to address social issues and achieve social change.
Answers: Activist sociology
Professional sociology
Academic sociology
Public sociology
Stratification theory

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
Macro sociologists _____.
Answers: study social interaction
focus on economic change
look at how families interact
focus on why co-workers they interact the way they do
consider how small groups of people interpret the meanings of their interaction

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
_____ is the belief that people's social backgrounds influence their attitudes, behaviors, and life chances.
Answers: Social environment
Social network
Social fact
Sociological perspective
Social mobility

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is a major assumption of the functionalism theory?
Answers: Slow social change is desirable, but rapid social change threatens social order.
Far-reaching social change is needed to reduce social inequality and to create an egalitarian
society.
Individuals negotiate their definitions of the situations in which they find themselves and socially
construct the reality of these situations.
Social order is possible because people realize it will be in their best interests to cooperate and to
make compromises when necessary.
Society is characterized by pervasive inequality based on social class, gender, and other factors.

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
Social facts _____.
Answers: help us learn society's rules and the need to cooperate
are our ties to other people and to social institutions such as religion and the family
help to socialize us and to integrate us into society and reinforce our respect for its rules

are forces external to the individual, that affect and constrain individual attitudes and behavior
focus on the interaction of individuals and on how they interpret their interaction

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
What is the main goal of capitalism?
Answers: Profit
Collective conscience
Social reform
Reduce the effects of poverty
Reduce socioeconomic segregation

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is a disadvantage of existing data?
Answers: The researcher has to spend the time to gather the data.
The analysis usually contains very little data on all the variables in which a sociologist may be
interested.
The researcher has to spend money to gather the data.
It can yield a high response rate.
The data set may contain data on variables that are not measured in ways the sociologist might
prefer.

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
_____ refers to a conclusion drawn from sociological research that is meant to apply to broad categories of
people but to which many exceptions will always exist.
Answers: Specialization
Generalization
Stereotype
Mutual exclusion
Systematization

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is an advantage of field research?
Answers: It may provide rich, detailed information about the people who are observed
The results can readily be generalized to the population
It is cost-effective
It does not take much time
It can yield a high response rate

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

_____ is a general term for social backgrounds and other aspects of society.
Answers: Social environment
Social network
Social circle
Social pyramid
Social mobility

Question 11

1 out of 1 points
_____ refers to economic well-being, health, and other examples of doing well or poorly in life.
Answers: Quality of life
Economic situation
Life chances
Social mobility
Capabilities

Question 12

1 out of 1 points
According to symbolic interactionists, _____.
Answers: people act to maximize their pleasure and to reduce their pain
people act rationally and decide before they act whether their behavior will cause them more
pleasure or pain
all theories emphasize that society is filled with gender inequality such that women are the
subordinate sex in many dimensions of social, political and economic life
when people interact they seek to maximize the benefits they gain from the interaction and to
reduce the disadvantages
social order is possible because people learn what various symbols mean and apply these
meanings to different kinds of situations

Question 13

1 out of 1 points
_____ refers to the social relationships and social and physical characteristics of communities to which
individuals belong.
Answers: Vertical social structure
Anomie
Social inequality
The debunking motif
Horizontal social structure

Question 14

1 out of 1 points
Why is the conflict theory perhaps considered a progressive perspective than the functionalist theory?
Answers: It focuses on the interaction of individuals and on how they interpret their interaction.
It emphasizes the benefits of the various parts of society for ongoing social stability.
It views as overly deterministic the view of human thought and action.

It favors social change to reduce inequality.


It stresses that that the various parts of society contribute to the ongoing stability of society.

Question 15

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is perhaps the most important problem with experiments?
Answers: They give relatively insignificant insights into the sources of attitudes and behavior.
They do not provide an adequate account of people's lives.
Their results are not generalizable beyond the specific subjects studied.
The analysis may contain data on variables that are not measured in ways the sociologist might
prefer.
The analysis may not contain data on all the variables in which a sociologist may be interested.