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Question 1

1 out of 1 points
Cultural _____ refers to variation in the elements of culture from one society to the next.
Answers: stratification
diversity
disintegration
relativism
cohesion

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
In this view, all cultures have their benefits and disadvantages, and we should not automatically assume that
our own culture is better and "their" culture is worse.
Answers: Emotivism
Ethnocentrism
Moral relativism
Cultural relativism
Factual relativism

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
As societies grew and industrialized and as people moved to cities, social ties weakened and became more
impersonal; this situation is called _____.
Answers: Verstehen
Wissenschaft
Gemeinschaft
Anomie
Gesellschaft

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
Compared to horticultural and pastoral societies, these societies are wealthier and have a higher degree of
conflict and of inequality.
Answers: Agricultural
Gemeinschaft
Gesellschaft
Horticultural and pastoral
Hunting and gathering

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
Why do sociologists generally favor culture over biology?
Answers: Various aspects of biology and social structure seem much better able than culture to explain
behavioral differences.
Most sociologists say that biological explanations do not support the status quo.

Because it is easy to change biology, any problem with biological causes can be easily fixed.
Differences from one society to the next in various behaviors underscore the importance of cultural
differences for behavioral differences.
Biology can easily account for why groups and locations differ in their rates of committing certain
behaviors.

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
The U.S. flag is a major example of _____.
Answers: morals
norms
beliefs
values
symbols

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
A(n) _____ refers to a group that shares the central values and beliefs of the larger culture but still retains
certain values, beliefs, and norms that make it distinct from the larger culture.
Answers: counterculture
pop culture
mainstream culture
urban culture
subculture

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is an example of nonmaterial culture?
Answers: Technology
Symbols
Clothing
Utensils
Books

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is true about hunting and gathering societies?
Answers: Only men are expected to help find food.
These societies tend to be quite big.
People use domesticated animals as a means of transportation.
They have many possessions.
These societies are fairly egalitarian.

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is an example of a formal norm?
Answers: Criminal codes
Table manners
Drug cultures
Peer pressure
Taboos

Question 11

1 out of 1 points
Higher education is especially important in these societies for economic success.
Answers: Gemeinschaft
Industrial
Postindustrial
Horticultural and pastoral
Hunting and gathering

Question 12

1 out of 1 points
According to Maybury-Lewis, in traditional societies, _____.
Answers: people are a valuable resource
things are the valuables
people are all too often treated as disposable
individualism and the rights of the individual are celebrated
any one person's obligations to the larger community are weakened

Question 13

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following about modern societies and nonmodern ones is true?
Answers: In simple societies, individualism is usually the cornerstone of social life.
Community and group commitment remain in modern society.
Simple societies are more impersonal.
The people in modern societies have close daily ties.
In simple societies, we have many relationships where we barely know the person.

Question 14

1 out of 1 points
The _____ is the view that language influences the thoughts and perceptions of people in a society.
Answers: debunking motif
SCCS theory
relational frame theory
contact theory

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

Question 15

1 out of 1 points
_____ refers to the tendency to judge another culture by the standards of our own and to the belief that our
own culture is indeed superior to another culture.
Answers: Ethnocentrism
Moral relativism
Factual relativism
Emotivism
Cultural relativism