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Question 1

1 out of 1 points
Democratic leadership is preferable to authoritarian leadership _____.
Answers: when group members want to have a lot of input in decisions
when the group values task accomplishment more than anything else
when the group values how well group members get along
when the group values how much they like their leader
because it is better able to achieve group goals quickly and efficiently

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
Sociologist George Ritzer uses the terms _____ and _____ to refer to the similarity of McDonald's restaurants
across the country.
Answers: calculability; variability
originality; creativity
predictability; uniformity
homogeneity; dependability
linearity; stability

Question 3

0 out of 1 points
The teacher-learner model was used by Stanley Milgram to study _____.
Answers: abnormal personalities
social structures
conformity
obedience
extreme behaviors

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
An expressive leader's main focus is to _____.
Answers: complete tasks
ensure group harmony
accomplish group tasks
achieve group goals
carry out his/her role even if he/she alienates other members of the group

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
In terms of gender differences in leadership styles, women are more likely to be _____ leaders, while men are
more likely to be _____ leaders
Answers: laissez-faire; autonomous
autonomous; laissez-faire
authoritarian; democratic

liberal; dictatorial
democratic; authoritarian

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is an example of a utilitarian organization?
Answers: Prisons
Large corporations
Churches
The Kiwanis Club
The National Council of La Raza

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is an example of a normative organization?
Answers: Prisons
Large corporations
State mental institutions
Universities
Synagogues

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
What is a primary group usually characterized by?
Answers: Achieving a specific purpose
General formality
Extensive interaction
Impersonality
Weak emotional ties

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
Asch's experiment indicated that groups induce _____ because members feel pressured to adapt so as not to
alienate other members.
Answers: manipulation
conformity
influence
defiance
persuasion

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
A(n) _____ is the totality of relationships that links us to other people and groups and through them to still
other people and groups.

Answers: reference group


out-group
dyad
formal organization
network

Question 11

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is an example of a social category?
Answers: Women
The crowd at a sporting event
The audience at a movie
Our families
The sociology class we attend

Question 12

1 out of 1 points
Which leadership style involves a primary focus on achieving group goals and on rigorous compliance with
group rules and penalties for noncompliance?
Answers: Authoritarian leadership
Democratic leadership
Laissez-faire leadership
Autonomous leadership
Liberal leadership

Question 13

1 out of 1 points
According to Max Weber, why do hierarchical structures maximize efficiency?
Answers: It increases decision-making time.
The lower you are in the hierarchy, the fewer people to whom you have to report.
Equality exists in a bureaucracy.
Everyone's actions are capricious thereby ensuring predictability.
It gives authority to make important decisions to people at the top who are best qualified to make
them.

Question 14

1 out of 1 points
When a decision must be reached, which leadership style is least effective in helping a group get things done?
Answers: Autonomous leadership
Democratic leadership
Dictatorial leadership
Laissez-faire leadership
Authoritarian leadership

Question 15

1 out of 1 points
Members of _____ organizations do not get paid and instead contribute their time or money because they like
or admire what the organization does.
Answers: functional
involuntary
utilitarian
coercive
normative