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Question 1

1 out of 1 points
Whether a behavior is considered deviant depends on _____.
Selected Answer:

the circumstances in which the behavior occurs

Correct Answer:

the circumstances in which the behavior occurs

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following helps explain why females commit less serious crime than males?

Question 3

Selected Answer:

Gender socialization

Correct Answer:

Gender socialization

1 out of 1 points
According to Emile Durkheim, deviance serves several important functions for society. Which of the following is
one of them?
Selected Answer:

Deviance clarifies social norms and increases conformity.

Correct Answer:

Deviance clarifies social norms and increases conformity.

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
In cases of assault, rape, or robbery, _____.
Selected
Answer:

males are more likely than females to commit conventional crime because of gender
differences in socialization

Correct
Answer:

males are more likely than females to commit conventional crime because of gender
differences in socialization

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
As per the labeling theory, _____.

Question 6

Selected
Answer:

labeling someone deviant increases the chances that the labeled person will continue to
commit deviance

Correct
Answer:

labeling someone deviant increases the chances that the labeled person will continue to
commit deviance

1 out of 1 points
Robert Merton's view that deviance is caused by a failure to achieve the American goal of financial success
through the conventional means of working is called _____.
Selected Answer:

strain theory

Correct Answer:

strain theory

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following represents a major problem for the UCR's validity?

Question 8

Selected Answer:

If the police do not record a report, the FBI does not count it as a crime.

Correct Answer:

If the police do not record a report, the FBI does not count it as a crime.

1 out of 1 points
_____ is behavior that is considered so serious that it violates formal laws prohibiting such behavior.
Selected Answer:

Crime

Correct Answer:

Crime

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
What is the social ecology approach?
Selected
Answer:

It is the view that certain characteristics of neighborhoods and communities influence the
likelihood of committing deviance and crime.

Correct
Answer:

It is the view that certain characteristics of neighborhoods and communities influence the
likelihood of committing deviance and crime.

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
The relativity of deviance in space implies that _____.
Selected
Answer:

a given behavior may be considered deviant in one society but acceptable in another
society

Correct Answer:

a given behavior may be considered deviant in one society but acceptable in another
society

Question 11

1 out of 1 points
In Part I Offenses, the UCR indexes reports incidents in _____.
Selected Answer:

aggravated assault

Correct Answer:

aggravated assault

Question 12

1 out of 1 points
White-collar crime _____.

Question 13

Selected Answer:

harms the public more in terms of death and financial costs

Correct Answer:

harms the public more in terms of death and financial costs

1 out of 1 points
Italian physician Cesare Lombroso reasoned that criminals were evolutionary accidents, or _____, whose
brains were incapable of conforming to modern norms.
Selected Answer:

atavists

Correct Answer:

atavists

Question 14

1 out of 1 points
According to sociologist Emile Durkheim, _____.

Question 15

Selected Answer:

the "collective conscience" is never strong enough to prevent all rule-breaking

Correct Answer:

the "collective conscience" is never strong enough to prevent all rule-breaking

1 out of 1 points
The most popular contemporary psychological explanation of deviance focuses on various _____ problems
that are said to create deviant individuals.
Selected Answer:

personality

Correct Answer:

personality