1

A
TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT
On

AUTOMATIC SIDE STAND RETRIEVING SYSTEM FOR TWO
WHEELERS
A Seminar topic Submitted to JNTUH in Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Award of
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

By

P.AKHIL

(128R1A0346)

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

CMR ENGINEERING COLLEGE
KANDLAKOYA(V), MEDCHAL ROAD, HYDERABAD-501 401(A.P.)

(2015- 16)

2

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
CMR ENGINEERING COLLEGE

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Technical seminar entitled “AUTOMATIC SIDE STAND
RETRIEVING SYSTEM FOR TWO WHEELERS” is a seminar presented by
MR.AKHIL P, Roll No 128R1A0346 Submitted to DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING, CMR ENGINEERING COLLEGE, HYDERABAD in partial fulfillment of
the requirement for the award of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING during the academic year 2015-2016.

Internal Guide
A.HARISH KUMAR
Asst.Prof

H.O.D
Prof. N.JEEVAN KUMAR
M-Tech, (Ph.D)
Dept.of Mechanical Engg.
CMREC

DEAN
Dr. K.Reddy
M-Tech, (Ph.D)
Dept of mechanical Engg
CMREC

3

DECLARATION
I hereby declare that the Technical seminar topic entitled “AUTOMATIC SIDE
STAND RETRIEVING SYSTEM FOR TWO WHEELERS", recorded in this report.
I further declare that, this Seminar topic is my IV Year B.Tech and submitted to
DEPARTMEN OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, CMR ENGINEERING
COLLEGE, affiliated to JNTU Hyderabad, in partial fulfillment of the requirement
for the award of Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering during the
academic year 2015-2016.

Place: Hyderabad

P.AKHIL

Date:23-2-2016

(128R1A0346)

At last I would like to thank all the people who are involved directly or indirectly in the completion of my dissertation work.S. Asst. I express my sincere gratitude to my parents for their moral support and love rendered during the course of my dissertation work. I also thank all the staff members and Lab Assistants of the Mechanical Engineering Department who guided and encouraged me throughout the completion of this dissertation. Srinivasula Reddy. Principal and Dr. My sincere thanks to B.E. CMREC. for their valuable guidance and encouragement. for permitting me to do the project work. Head of the Department Mechanical Engineering.(Internal Guide) & Prof.VIJAYA KRISHNA M.AKHIL .JEEVAN Kumar.N. DEAN. A. I express my heartfelt thanks to Dr. P.4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The satisfaction that accompanied the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the mention of the people who made it possible and whose constant encouragement and guidance has been a source of inspiration throughout the course of completion of this project work.Prof.K.Reddy.

1.4 Drawback of existing methods 1.4 lifting lever 15 2.5 CONTENTS Abstract vii List of figures viii List of tables ix CHAPTER I 1.1 specification of sprocket 3.5specification of spring 20 .3 specification of lifting lever 19 3.3.5 pushing lever 16 CHAPTER III 3 specification of components 18 3.1. Introduction 10 1. Construction and components 13 2.2 2.2 source for accidents 11 1.2 specification of axle 3.2.1 modern ecu: 1.1.1.1 Construction 2.1.5 Proposed method 12 CHAPTER II 2. Mechanical project 1.1 introduction to the auto mobile 10 1.3.1.Components&its design 2.3 existing methods 1.3 Axle sprocket pinion 14 2.4 specification of pushing lever 3.

2. Inciter assembly 4. Power source 23 5.assembling and arrangement 21 4.2 power source of retriever assembly 24 CHAPTER VI 6.1.2.6 CHAPTER IV 4.2 side view 29 Conclusions and references 30 Cost analysis 31 Fabrication 32 .2 riding condition 27 6.1 working principle 6. Working: 25 6. Retriever assembly 22 4.1 arrangement of retriever assembly :CHAPTER V 5.1.1 arrangement of inciter assembly 4.1.1 resting condition: 26 6.1 power source of inciter assembly 5.1.

Without this arrangement a bike won’t work and this arrangement is not needed when the bike is idle ie. This retrieving system works based on the working of the two wheelers i. when the sprocket rotates the lifting lever mounted with axle rotates. When two-wheeler is started. So the alternate would be a low cost side-stand retrieving system. Forgetting to lift the side stands play a major role in bike accidents that we hear every day. This is where SPROCKET SIDE-STAND RETRIEVE SYSTEM comes to play. hence the lifting lever lifts engaged the pushing lever and therefore the pushing lever pushes the side stand by clamping it with the C shaped clamp stand holder and hence the spring tensed in the side stand get compressed quickly as a result side stand get retrieves.e. only the common man’s two wheelers don’t have them. their power transfer. And the reason is high cost. Engine’s pinion transmits power to the rear wheel by the chain drive.. The inciter assembly which is kept at the center of the chain drive gets rotates as the sprocket gets engage with chain drive. Why can’t we build a side stand retrieve system and save lives? High end motor bikes already come with automatic stand retrieving systems.7 ABSTRACT Every day we see many two wheeler drivers riding keeping their side stands on. . We know that for a two wheelers the power is transferred from the engine to the back tyre via a chain -sprocket arrangement. so. stand-still.

8 LIST OF FIGURES FIG.1 2.7: 9.1 6.NO 2.8: DESCRIPTON axel with key way sprocket with bearing sprocket with nomenclatures lifting lever pushing lever inciter assembly retriever assembly resting condition riding condition side view of sprocket side stand retrieve system front veiw of inciter assembly side veiw of inciter assembly lifting lever at resting condition retrivel condition retrived condition side veiw of model top veiw of model PAGE .4 2.3 2.3 9.1 4.2 6. NO 13 14 15 16 17 21 22 26 27 29 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 .2 2.5 4.6 : 9.3 9.4: 9.2 6.1 9.2 9.5: 9.

1 3.5 81 8.2 3.2 8.NO 23 24 28 .1 DESCRIPTION power source of component action flow working positions PAGE.1 5.3 3.9 LIST OT TABLES TABLE NO.3 DESCRIPTION reasons for accident specifications of sprocket specifications of axel specifications of lifting lever specifications of lifting lever specifications of spring cost analysis of model cost analysis of final model cost analysis of system PAGE NO 10 18 18 19 19 20 31 LIST OF FLOW CHARTS CHART.4 3.2 6.1 3. 1.NO 5.

because all the other source of accident has preventive measure. The automobile takes a great part in the development. If you see the accident status 36% of the accidents occur due to this problem. since it plays one of a major key in daily life. These are the major source for accidents.1 . Although it saves the time it does not safe the life of rider if rider is careless. 1. there are some sad facts on them such as accidents.10 CHAPTER I 1. Table 1. does not maintains the speed limit and forgets to lift the side stand while riding the vehicles. Forgetting to lift the side stand causes huge accidents in rural areas partly in urban areas too. but accident due to side stand do not have proper preventive measure.e (motorcycles and bike) it plays very important role because it saves the time of traveler by reaching the target place very faster. INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE AUTO MOBILE In modern world the living status were developed and developing more equipped.while automobile is concern two-wheeler i.2 SOURCE FOR ACCIDENTS While the two-wheelers is concerned accidents occurs due to riding the vehicle in high speed. ignores to use helmets.

It will be fast as pc’s microprocessor.g. 2002-2008 Forgetting to lift side-stand 36% 2.NO DURING THE REASON FOR THE ACCIDENT %OF YEAR ACCIDENTS 1. 2002-2008 Does not maintain speed limit 38% 3.3 EXISTING METHODS To prevent accidents occur due this side-stand many ECU and mechanical project had been found. when the gear is actuated the side stand get lifted automatically. But the people ignore to listen those indicators and safety rules. The ECU decides timing and functioning of engine and its parts. side stand. this indicates the gear shifting.2. This play its role in dashboard. MECHANICAL PROJECT In existing mechanical project many ideas had been found to lift the side-stand automatically. so for safe guard many mechanical projects have been found to retrieve the side stand automatically.3. many advance measures have been introduced like ECU.11 S.1 MODERN ECU: In order to reduce accidents due to carelessness in lifting the side-stand. the modern ECU contains a 32 bit and 40 MHz processor. 1. 2002-2008 Does not obey traffic rules 22% 4. to wear helmet in digital display E. 2002-2008 Other problems 04% 1. i) One small flat rod is kept attached and pivoted between the gear actuator lever and the side stand of the bike.3. . 1. Hero Honda’s Karizma ZMR.

making injuries in legs while actuating gears.5 PROPOSED METHOD Based on the working principle of two-wheeler ( i. So. Major drawback is it cannot use in all type of two-wheelers.12 ii) Small stepper motor is connected between the side stand and the engine . 1. .This is the basic principle followed in all type of two-wheelers. When we come across those mechanical projects we could note some drawbacks like wear out of gears.e the power is generated in the engine and it transmits power to the pinion and makes it to rotate. hand geared bikes). 1. which is assembled as two set up which would be explained briefly in construction and working part of this paper. This sprocket system consists of four components. non-geared. The pinion transmits power to the rear wheel pinion and makes the vehicle to move). in order to solve this we thought and designed “SPROCKET-SIDE STAND RETRIEVE SYSTEM” this system can be attached in all type of two-wheelers (mopeds. based on this “sprocket-side stand retrieve system” is designed because this system works by getting power from chain drive. geared.when engine is started the stepper motor gains the source of power and retrieve side stand automatically These are some methods to retrieve side stand automatically when the vehicle moves but it is not implemented in practical use due to its drawback.4 DRAWBACK OF EXISTING METHODS ECU methods are implemented only in costlier bikes but it does not implemented in normal domestic bikes due to their cost.

The arrangement and position of components makes the system to function. Then the power consumption does not occur after retrieving the stand. The power obtained from the chain drive is transmitted to the appropriate component without power loss.4 Axle Sprocket pinion Lifting lever pushing lever AXLE: Axle is the metallic rod made up of mild steel.1 CONSTRUCTION The whole construction of this system is simple and efficient.1COMPONENTS&ITS DESIGN:     2. CONSTRUCTION AND COMPONENTS 2. The systematic design of system is made in order to consume only very low amount of power initially for few seconds to retrieve the stand. Each and every component has its own property and responsibility. The holder is welded with the frame.13 CHAPTER II 2. They are 2. The axle is welded centrally to the sprocket. Construction of the proposed “sprocket side stand retrieve system” consists of four major components. The axle is hold by a holder. It connects the lifting lever and sprocket centrally. The holder is used to prevent vibration .1.1.

2. It gets power from the chain drive and makes thissystem to work. Fig 2.1.14 and to provide support to the axle. It is the device which transmits the linear motion of meshing chain drive into rotary motion by means of the tooth found on it.3 SPROCKET PINION: Sprocket is the major component of this system because it is power transmitting device. Fig 2. The other end of the metal plate is welded at the frame.2 Sprocket with bearing . The holder has small metallic tube and a rectangular metal plate. The whole metallic members of holder are of mild steel. The diameter of tube is slightly greater than the axle diameter about 2 to 4mm. This is for allowing the axle to rotate freely without friction with the tube. The sprocket with ball bearings is said to be FREE WHEEL. The one end of axle is welded with sprocket and other end with lifting lever and thus the power is transmitted from sprocket to lifting lever.1 axle with key way The metal plate is welded perpendicular to the tube.

1. The ball bearings are made up of high chromium steel. Hence all these material gives following properties for sprocket. So to withstand those impacts on toothed area. The lifting lever is composed of two metal rods. This action of sprocket allows attached lifting lever to adjust freely automatically or manually when it does not engages with pushing lever properly. The lifting leaves should be parallel to the sprocket pinion. which consists of two lifting leaves which is mounted with the edge of axle.where both are welded at either sides of the .     Heavy duty Smooth running Tempered Long life Hence the sprocket is considered as heart of this system 2. Fig 2.3 Sprocket with nomenclature Since the sprocket transmits the power from chain drive. It is made of high carbon steel.4 LIFTING LEVER Lifting lever is the third major component of the system . Hence this type of sprocket is used as the rear power transmission device in by cycle that makes the wheel to rotate and also allows toothed area to rotate in anticlockwise when pedaled anticlockwise direction.15 Since it is a free wheel it allows the toothed part to rotate free from central portion in a direction.the lifting lever is the rectangular rod made of ms-rod. it should have the capability to withstand the heavy loads of engine.

So due to effect of freewheel and tapered surface of the liftinglever can adjust itself.16 axle. The free ends of the lifting leaves is tapered well. 2. since the angle of lifting lever maybe any degree. Fig 2. The ends are machined well for tapered shape for smooth engaging with pushing lever.5 PUSHING LEVER Pushing lever is the component pivoted centrally to the side stand. The pushing lever is metallic rectangular plate. When stand is moved vertical in position. . the pushing lever engages with lifting leaves.1. This may not possible in all time. This tapered surface makes the lifting lever as capable to withstand engine impact.4 Lifting lever This smooth engagement leads proper retrieving of side-stand. Since this rod engages (or)lays over tapered edge of lifting lever. This small piece of rod is used for getting lifted by the lifting lever.whose bottom end is bended in shape of C and top end is welded with a small piece of rectangular rod. thus the retrieving occur smoothly.

17 Fig 2. Its top end is made tapered so as to engage with lifting lever.5 These are four major components using in this system and other small components like Nuts and bolts.1 SPECIFICATION OF SPROCKET Table 3. hooks etc. specification and dimension of the component is described in chapter 3..5 Pushing lever The pushing lever is made of ms-flat rod with the length according to the distance of side stand arrangement. CHAPTER III 3 SPECIFICATION OF COMPONENTS 3.1 MATERIAL High Carbon Steel PITCH 12.7mm WIDTH 30mm TEETH 16 BALLS High carbon high chromium steel balls . The bottom end of the lever is made as C-clamp. are used in this system. which holds the side stand as shown in fig2.

18 3.2 SPECIFICATION OF AXLE Table 3.3 SPECIFICATION OF LIFTING LEVER Table 3.3 LENGTH OF LEVER 95mm THICKNESS 10mm TAPERED ANGLE 45deg CHAMFERED ANGLE 20deg POSITION Parallel to Sprocket WELDED LENGTH 13mm MATERIAL USED Mild Steel .2 MATERIAL Mild Steel SHAPE Cylindrical rod LENGTH 50mm DIAMETER 13mm INNER DIAMETER OF SUPPORTING 15 mm AXLE OUTER DIAMETER OF SUPPORTING 17mm AXLE LENGTH 30mm THICKNESS 3mm 3.

5SPECIFICATION OF SPRING Table 3.19 3.4 SPECIFICATION OF PUSHING LEVER Table 3.5 NO.4 MATERIAL Mild Steel LENGTH OF LEVER 180mm THICKNESS 3mm DIAMETER OF HOLE 8mm LENGTH THICKNESS 30mm 10mm DIAMETER OF CLAMP 28mm DIAMETER OF STAND 25mm PIVOTED ANGLE 55deg BOLT DIAMETER 8mm 3.5mm Closed coil helical spring 17mm*2=34mm Stainless Steel .OF COIL 32 DIAMETER OF COIL 2mm DIAMETER OF WIRE 15mm INNER DIAMETEROF COIL 12mm MEAN COIL DIAMETER TYPE EXTENSION LENGTH MATERIAL 13.

1.  Inciter assembly  Retriever assembly 4.1 .20 CHAPTER IV 4. sprocket and lifting lever. ASSEMBLY OF COMPONENTS For the functioning of system the above four components are arranged in two assembly which is described below. INCITER ASSEMBLY: Inciter assembly consists of axle.ASSEMBLING AND ARRANGEMENT 4. The Sprocket is mounted on the centre of the axle and the lifting lever is welded at the front side of axle as shown in fig 4.

1. The pushing lever is centrally pivoted with the side stand as the pushing levers tapered end is at the top side and clamp is at the bottom as shown in fig 4. 4.2. RETRIEVER ASSEMBLY: Retriever assembly consists of pushing lever and side stand.1 Inciter assembly This inciter assembly is main assembly because it receives the power from the chain and incites the retriever assembly to retrieve the side stand because this inciter assembly is kept under the chain as such that the sprocket attached centrally with the axle get engage with chain drive. 4. When sprocket rotates.2 .21 Fig 4. As the inciter assemblies sprocket get engage with chain drive.1 ARRANGEMENT OF INCITER ASSEMBLY This set up is arranged in the bike as such that this inciter assembly is hold by the small hollow shaft with rod welded at the center which is welded to the bottom side of the bike. the axle along with lifting lever rotates.

Engine . C clamp end is kept at the bottom as to push the side stand by receiving the power from inciter assembly. 4. The pushing lever is arranged as such the flat rod is kept at the top as to mesh of lifting lever.1 ARRANGEMENT OF RETRIEVER ASSEMBLY This retriever assembly is arranged as such the arrangement of side stand in the bike.2.2.22 Fig 4.Pushing lever is also drilled at the center as such the both components kept together and bolted as such that C shaped clamp is at the bottom and flat rod is kept at the top side. CHAPTER V 5.2 retriever assembly Side stand of the bike is drilled at the centre as to pivot the pushing lever as shown in figure 4. POWER SOURCE This chapter deals with the power source of the working component and how the each component and assembly of component works is explained below with flow chart.

1 POWER SOURCE OF INCITER ASSEMBLY Inciter assembly gets the power from the linear chain motion i. . ( as engine transmit power to the rear wheel through chain drive since the setup is kept at the bottom and sprocket get engage with chain so .23 Chain Sprocket Axle Lifting lever Pushing lever Side stand Flow chart 5.1 Power source of component 5.when chain rotates in anti-clockwise direction the sprocket engaged rotates in clockwise direction) as sprocket rotates the axle rotates as the result lifting lever rotates in clockwise direction. It gets power from the rotation lifting lever and transmits to the clamp and retrieve the side stand automatically.2 POWER SOURCE OF RETRIEVER ASSEMBLY As the retriever assembly’s pushing lever get engage with lifting lever.e. 5.

WORKING: 6.1 WORKING PRINCIPLE Sprocket side stand retrieve system retrieves the side stand automatically if the rider forgets to lift the side stand while moving the bike. It works based on the working principle of the .24 Rotary motion Linear motion Rotary motion Lifting Pushing Retrieving Flow chart 5.2 Action flow CHAPTER VI 6.

. using the sprocket as the major component this system works. Based on this Sprocket side stand retrieve system is designed. This rotation incites engaged pushing lever to push the side stand to retrieve. That rotary motion of the rear wheel makes the bikes to move.1 RESTING CONDITION: When two-wheeler is in resting condition i.25 two-wheelers . When chain rotates anti-clockwise direction the inciter assemblies sprocket absorbs the power and rotates in clockwise direction The working of “Sprocket-Side Stand Retrieve System is explained below in both (resting & riding condition of two-wheeler) 6. During this condition the inciter assembly is at rest and retriever assembly (pushing lever’s tapered end get engage with tapered end of lifting Lever). If Sprocket is kept between the chain drive. when rider actuates the side stand of the vehicle to ground.e. it make the sprocket to rotate so. the pushing lever that is pivoted at the centre of the side stand gets engage with the inciter assemblies lifting lever. It gains the power from the chain and make specially designed component (lifting lever) to rotate.every bikes transmit power from engine’s pinion to the rear wheel i.e. rotary motion of the pinion makes the linear motion of the chain.1. that linear motion of the chain is absorbed by rear wheel’s sprocket and converted into rotary motion.

6.1 Resting condition Pushing lever’s length can be changed according to type of bikes and distance calculated between the side stand and chain drive. Closed coil helical spring which gets pulled .1.26 Fig 6. so. when the sprocket rotates the lifting lever mounted with axle rotates. Engine’s pinion transmits power to the rear wheel by the chain drive. The inciter assembly which is kept at the center of the chain drive gets rotates as the sprocket gets engage with chain drive.This is the condition of system during resting stage. hence the lifting lever lifts engaged the pushing lever and therefore the pushing lever pushes the side stand by clamping it with the C shaped clamp stand holder and hence the spring tensed in the side stand get compressed quickly as a result side stand get retrieves .the coil of spring get tensed during stand resting in ground .2 RIDING CONDITION: When two-wheeler is started.

27 Fig 6.2 Riding condition The working of “Sprocket-Side Stand Retrieve System is explained below in the flowchart 6.1 Sprocket Meshing Down bottom Line of Chain .

1 Working positions 6.2 SIDE VIEW .28 Rightward Linear Motion Clockwise Rotation of Sprocket Lifting lever rotates Pushing lever pushes C-clamp forces Side Stand Retrieves Flow chart 6.

3 Side View of Sprocket side stand retrieve system 7.29 Fig 6. CONCLUSION .

1998.E. 712. Engineering Mechanics. 1983. [3] Shigley. Because of the power is obtained from chain drive..Tirupathi Reddy2. K. These system can be implemented in all types of bikes by changing small variation in size and cost of this system also very low and so it will not affect the economic level also. Zhenjiang. back. john willey. Sep-Oct.D. while compare to other system this AUTOMATIC SIDE STAND RETRIEVE SYSTEM will be the life saver REFERENCE: [1] Analysis on braking ability of automobile equipped with eddy current retarder. McGraw-Hill..it will be the major system to control accidents due side stand problem and protect the careless rider. New York. 8.1)COST OF THE MODEL .5. Definitely this system could be used in all type of two-wheelers (Tvs-XL. A.Kraige. “design of Automotive Engines. W. China). V. J. and L. Syed Ataf Hussain.L. Issue. 5th Edition.G.Jiangsu 212013. J. Demidov.International journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) Vol. R. Webster. Alfaro.2. New York. and C. 776. [4] Meriam. Dr. HE Jian-qing(School of Automobile and Traffic Engineering.side stand retrieve system” will definitely good retrieve system. COST ANALYSIS 8. 1984. [5] Kolchin. all front. [2] Modelling and analysis of Two wheeler connecting rod. hand geared)for retrieving the side stand .30 “Sprocket.Coffell and D.. Jiangsu University.R.” MIR publication. 2001. “Mechanical Engineering Design”.HE Ren. Mischke. 2012 pp-3371 cting rod. since the setup is compact it does not affect the performance of the vehicle.

FABRICATED MODELS APPENDIX-1 1068RS 310RS .31 MATERIAL SPROCKET 2 NOS LARGER SPROCKET 1NOS WHEEL CHAIN SIDE STAND WITH BOLT&SPRING MS RODS COST 35*2= (FRAME.3) COST OF THE SYSTEM MATERIALS SPROCKET 1NOS MS ROD(AXLE.2) COST OF FINISHED MODEL WORK MATERIAL COST LABOUR CHARGE PAINTING TOTAL COST COST 678RS 300RS 90 RS 1068 8.LIFTING&PUSHING LEVER) PEDAL TOTAL 70RS 80RS 50RS 98RS 300RS 80RS 678RS 8.LIFTING&PUSHING COST 35RS 175RS LEVER) MACHINING COST 100RS 310 RS TOTAL COST TOTAL COST OF MODEL SYSTEM TOTAL COST OF SETUP = = 9.

1 : FRONT VEIW OF INCITER ASSEMBLY APPENDIX-2 .32 Fig 9.

3 .33 Fig 9.2: SIDE VEIW OF INCITER ASSEMBLY APPENDIX .

3: LIFTING LEVER APPENDIX .4 .34 Fig 9.

4: AT RESTING CONDITION APPENDIX-5 .35 Fig 9.

5: RETRIVEL CONDITION APPENDIX-6 .36 Fig 9.

37 Fig 9.6 : RETRIVED CONDITION APPENDIX -7 .

7: SIDE VEIW OF MODEL APPENDIX -8 .38 Fig 9.

8: TOP VEIW OF MODEL .39 Fig 9.