South African

Mathematics Foundation

Sponsored by: Actuarial Society
of South Africa
Geborg deur: Aktuari¨ele
Vereniging van Suid Afrika

SOUTHERN AFRICAN MATHEMATICS TEAM COMPETITION: 2014
INDIVIDUAL PAPER: JUNIORS

Rules:
(1) Time allowed: 60 minutes.
(2) No calculators allowed.
(3) Marks: Wrong answer 0
No answer 1
Correct answer 6 or 8

The Problems
1. What is the value of 33 + 3 × 3 − 3?
(A) 0

(B) 9

[6 marks]
(C) 27

1

(D) 33

(E) 87

An equilateral triangle is cut by two straight lines through the midpoints of two of its sides as shown. The fraction 20132 (B) 12 (C) 16 (D) 18 (E) 21 2012 simplifies to − 2012 × 2014 (A) 1 (B) 2012 (C) 2013 [6 marks] (D) 2014 (E) −1 6. (A) less than 12 5. If the area of the triangle was 24 cm2 what is the area of the pentagon that results? [6 marks] Fig. The value of 1 5 9 − − is 1 − 2 5 − 6 9 − 10 [6 marks] (A) −15 (B) 15 (C) 13 (D) −13 (E) 14 3. which is made up of nine small squares. 1234. 1. What is the smallest number of pieces that he needs to cut the shape into so that he can do this? [6 marks] (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6 . 12. How much money does Julie have at the start? [6 marks] (A) R204 (B) R200 (C) R192 (D) R108 (E) R84 7. If Julie gave R 12 to Wade then he would have half the amount that she now has. How many prime numbers are there in the list {1. If instead Wade gave R 12 to Julie then she would have three times the amount that he now has. into pieces that he can then rearrange to make a 3×3 square. The cuts are at right angles to the base. 123456} ? [6 marks] (A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 1 (D) 0 (E) 4 8.2 2. Sam wishes to cut this shape. 123. Which of the following numbers is a perfect square? (A) 44 × 55 × 66 (B) 44 × 56 × 65 [6 marks] (C) 45 × 54 × 66 (D) 46 × 55 × 64 (E) 46 × 54 × 65 4. 12345.

5. 7 are to be placed. how many days will be required for P miners. The following statements are made about the integers a. Suppose that there are 9 persons who live in different houses and a cell-phone is the only means of communication between them. 14.3 9. EF. How many pairs of natural numbers (x. Find the area of triangle HDC in cm2 . (iv) de is even and a is odd. one per square. (ii) bc is even and d is odd. c. Each side of the square ABCD is 12 centimetres long. b. (iii) cd is even and e is odd. The maximum number of these statements which may be correct is [8 marks] (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5 . 3. If they all want to save airtime (cost of a phone call). in the diagram shown such that the four numbers in the horizontal row add up to 15 and the four numbers in the vertical column add up to 17. Assuming all miners work with the same efficiency every day. d and e: (i) ab is even and c is odd. Which number should replace x? [6 marks] (A) 7 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6 11. working h hours per day can get m kilograms of gold in n days. What is the value of x + y? [8 marks] (A) not possible to find (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 13 (E) 15 15. The side AB is divided into three equal segments: AE. (v) ea is even and b is odd. Each of these persons knows (1/9)th “different” part of an interesting gossip story. If p miners. Segments CE and DF intersect at point H. 13. (5x+20)◦ and (5y +30)◦ . 4. 6. then what is the least number of calls required in total such that all of them get to know the complete story? [8 marks] (A) 10 (B) 117 (C) 14 (D) 91 (E) 22 . The numbers 1. y) satisfy the equation xy + y x = 2014 ? (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 [8 marks] (E) Infinite. and F B. y are positive integers. working H hours per day to get M kilograms of gold? [8 marks] (A) nM ph mP H (B) nmP H M ph (C) nM P h mpH (D) nM pH mP h (E) nmph MP H 12. The interior angles of a triangle are (3x+8y)◦ . where x. [6 marks] (A) 54 (B) 60 (C) 72 (D) 96 (E) 108 10. 2.