4.

CASE STUDY

1. CHENNAI STATE LIBRARY
2 . CHANDIGARH STATE LIBRARY.
3. PARLIAMENT LIBRARY

1

4.1 CONNEMARA PUBLIC LIBRARY-CHENNAI
4.1.1 ORIGIN
In recognition of the importance of the Library service, it was decided to establish a first
true public library in Tamil Nadu during the 19th century by an enlightened Administrator
Lord Connemara, the then Governor of Madras during 1886- 1890 . The Foundation
Stone for the Library was laid on 22nd March 1 890 and was formally opened on 0512-1896. The Library so founded was named after Lord Connemara to perpetuate his
memory in Madras in recognition of his efforts.
4.1.2 BUILDING – OLD BLOCK
Designed by H.Irvig, the consulting Architect to the
Government of Madras, the Connemara Public Library is
a Semi-circle end oblong building constructed in Indosaracenic style. It is a magnificent hall with a splendid
reading room and beautiful teak wood book-shelves. To
watch its ceiling is an aesthetic appearance to our eyes.
The roof is truncated semi-circle. The truncated top
has a wooden ceiling but the two carved sides are
made by colored glass pieces artistically cemented to
one another. This building is renovated by the
Archaeological Survey of India, Chennai with an
expenditure of Rs. 1.21 corers, to preserve the cultural
heritage of India, with the financial assistance from the
state and central government.
Two cope up with the increasing stock, a four–storied
building with 71, 700 sq.ft. was constructed in 1973.
Further to accommodate the increased stock of books
another three –storied building with 21, 823 sq.ft. was
added in 1999.

NEW BLOCK

OLD BLOCK

2

4.1.3 SITE AND SURROUNDING
The library was as part of a cultural complex that grew in the grounds
of what was once called 'The Pantheon'.
The entire complex now boasts buildings that reflect architectural
unity, even while demonstrating the various stages of Indo-Saracenic
development, from Gothic-Byzantine to Rajput Mughal and Southern
Hindu Deccani.
The Government Museum Complex in Egmore houses the Government Museum, the
National Art Gallery. Established in 1851, and the Connemara public library, the museum
consisting of six buildings and 46 galleries covers an area of around 16.25 acres (66,000
m²) of land.

3

The entire complex area is approximately 32 acres, out of which
50% space is under green spaces , 22% by the connecting internal
roads, 21% by the built up areas and 7% of the space for parking.
Out of the total site area the Library Block occupies 4% of site area
and ,out of the total built up area it occupies 16% ground coverage.

SITE AREA ANALYSIS
7%
21%

GREEN SPACE
50%

22%

ROADS

TOTAL BUILT UP

BUILT UP
PARKING

AMPLE OF OPEN SPACES

PARKING FOR CARS

PARKING FOR BUS

PARKING FOR TWO WHEELERS

There is ample parking space provided on the site. The
parking lots have been divide into three categories namely
two wheeler parking provided near the entrance , car
parking along the boundary wall of the site, and bus
parking next to the car parking separated by a green patch.
Maximum two wheeler parking has been provided as it is
the most common and cheap mode of conveyance.

Total no of car parking provided is around 250 cars and 80 for
two wheeler. The site is well served with public transportation
facility.
A bus stop is located half Km from the site and auto rickshaw
stand is just next to it. The harsh climate of the site is
manipulated by tree plantation and green spaces

CIRCULATION SPACE

4

2ND PHASE
ANNEXE
OLD BLOCK

4.1.4 GROWTH
Connemara public library grew in 3 –
phases to fulfill the increasing book
demands and the population growth of the
city.
At present the stock of books in the
library is 6.36 lakhs , 3.32 lakhs users and
97,196 members.

NEW BLOCK
1ST PHASE

OLD BLOCK

NEW BLOCK 1ST PHASE

3RD PHASE

Area : 54035 sq.ft

Area : 71700 sq.ft

Area : 21,823 sq.ft

Year : 1896

Year : 1973

Year : 1999

No of books : 74,141

No of books : 3,20,385

No of books : 5,97,238

Users : 81,174

Users : 1,91522

Users : 3,20765

Members : 2,268

Members : 13,174

Members : 86,459

GROWTH RATE
USERS

YEARS

1896
1973

BUILT UP

1999
2009

BOOKS

0

500000

1000000

In the 10 years interval
year the no of books
increases 10% i.e. around
66847 in number, where as
the no of user increases by
15 %.
In the year 1973 with the
increase of 2.46 lakh of
books a built up area of
17665 had to be added to
house the books.

GROWTH
5

chemical. repaired and bound in the Binding division. A Voyage to Suratt in the years 1689 . Journals are bound volume wise. Telgu . Ovington. reprographic and digital conservations. An account of the Trade in India Lockyer(Charles) .Malayalam and Kanada manuscripts have already been microfilmed . 3 Hourtus Indicus Malabaricus 12 Volumes. RARE BOOKS COLLECTION This library has got a good number of rare books and periodicals some of them are: The Bible . REPROGRAPHIC PRESERVATION Most of the 19th century Tamil. 6 .4. An account of the religion and government.1.5 CONSERVATION ACTIVITIES One of the basic functions of the Connemara Public Library is to conserve the printed heritage to the future generations. For this purpose the library has separate divisions for physical. PHYSICAL CONSERVATION All the books damaged by human error or by the natural reasons are mended. learing and economy of the Malabarians. Flora Indica Burmanni( Nicolai Laverrntii) etc.

RARE/MANUSCRIPT/OFFICIAL DOCUMENT SECTION. RECEPTION. STAFF OFFICE. PRESERVATION SECTION.1. BINDING SECTION. MICROFILM SECTION. CIVIL SERVICE STUDY CIRCLE. MULTIPURPOSE HALL. STD-PCO FACILITY ETC. With this Staff strength. CHILDREN SECTION. FIRST FLOOR PERIODICAL CIVIL STUDY BINDING DIGITILIZATION BINDING STACKING TEXT BOOK SECTION. REFERENCE SECTION. INTERNET SERVICE. BRAILLE AND TALKING BOOK SECTION. GROUND FLOOR REPOGRAPHY INTERNET OFFICE AREA RECEPTION LANGUAGE SECTION REFRENCE ISSUE COUNTER FURNITURE LANGUAGE BOOK SECTION. LENDING SECTION.6 STAFF AND SERVICE The total Staff strength is 112.4. SECOND FLOOR THIRD FLOOR VIDEOS/CD PERIODICAL SECTION. REPROGRAPHIC SECTION. EDUCATIONAL VIDEOS/ CD ROM SECTION. DIGITILIZATION SECTION. this Library is providing service to the user community through the following sections. 7 .

cyber. Xerox.100 people) RECEPTION ENTRANCE 8 .O.7 SPATIAL ORGANIZATION STAFF UTILITY LIBRARY PUBLIC UTILITY (Gents –ladies toilet) (staff canteen.1.4. scanning.) (Capacity. videos.) VERTICAL CIRCULATION MULTIPURPOSE HALL LIBRARY SERVICE (P.C.

8 GROUND FLOOR PLAN The spatial organization and the segregation of the departments in the new library has been done on the experience bases over coming he flaws of the old library. The grid of the building is 9’-6” by 20’6”.1. Ground floor occupies an area of 25805 sq. And columns are 1’ by 1’ in size N 9 . The sections which were used frequently or which needed privacy has been segregated to different floors.4.ft.

For vertical circulation of man and books recently a lift has been added in the second lobby even for the disables. Total 37 stacks has been provided with a storage capacity of 22200 books approximately. multi purpose hall etc has been provided on the ground floor ENTRANCE TO THE SECOND LOBBY LOBBY WITH SEGREGATED TOILET AREAS.Cs has been installed recently in the civil section for the comfort of the readers. Out of the total floor area reading area occupies the maximum space . For efficient circulation the bifurcated staircase has been provide in the reception lobby. A seating capacity of 150 people has been provided on the ground floor. The ancillary services of the library like the reprography service. Out which 15 are carrel provide for individual study. As per the demand 6 split A. The shelf is 3‘in length and 1’-6” deep. internet browsing. The lobby in the front acts as a buffer zone. 10 . Public utility services like the toilets and canteen has been provided in the second lobby which opens to civil /entrance study section which has been segregated with double door security. For the convenience and supervision of blinds and children's the bralli and the children's section has been provided on the ground floor.On the entrance of the building security checking and luggage deposit counter has been provide after security check you enter the library foyer where you have reception for any enquiry regarding the library service.

The periodical section is well lighted by the natural light from the wall opening. It is used on daily basis by maximum number of people for reading newspapers and magazines. .FIRST FLOOR First floor consist of periodical section and the mezzanine floor consist of the staff office and reference section. The new annexes block and the way to the old block is assessed through the periodical section. The new block first floor is used as stack room. 11 . The second floor is the replica of the first floor and houses language section. Minimum amount of artificial lighting is required as the day lighting is self sufficient in it self. The periodical section has a seating capacity of 136 people at a time. The tables are arranged centrally between two column space for linear arrangement. binding and digitalization section. A single wall of 108 ft consist of 11 windows of 5’ width.

C units. There is only 18% reading area on this floor.THIRD FLOOR The last floor consist the text book section. Some chemical treatment is also done to preserve the books. SECOND FLOOR AREA ANALYSIS THIRD FLOOR AREA ANALYSIS 12 . old book preservation section and the rare book. To maintain the room temperature these section has been provided with split A. For future air conditioning of the building space for the plant has been provided on the ground floor. The preservation section is housed in the top most level to keep it out of the reach of the general public and as this section is rarely visited by the common public only used for the research work on Indian literature. Manuscripts are preserved with natural herbs. official documents and manuscripts collection.

ft 3. Binding Section – 1469 sq.ft 13 .4.ft THIRD FLOOR : 16106 Sq.ft Stack Gap : 4’-0” Open stacking area on each floor : 3456 sq.ft 11.ft (15 Rows & 2 Columns) Each Row : 15’-0” wide and 1’-6” Deep (5 stacks per row) Each Stack : 3’-0” Wide and 1’-6” Deep (Ht: 6’-0”) Individual Stack Area :13’-6”sq.ft 6.ft 2.ft 4. Entrance Foyer – 383. Stairs – 343 sq. Toilets – 495 sq.1.ft Closed stacking area on each floor : 2496 sq.9 AREA STATEMENT Grid : 9’-6” by 20’-6” Column size : 1’-0” Square Column 1. Digitalization Room – 1712sq. Lending Section – 6652 sq.ft (2.ft 5.ft (15 Rows) Each Row : 18’-0” wide and 1’-6” Deep (6stacks per row) Each Stack : 3’-0” Wide and 1’-6” Deep (Ht: 6’-6”) Individual Stack Area :13’-6”sq.1 ACRES) GROUND FLOOR : 28385 Sq.4 sq.ft 10.ft 7. News Paper Section – 6652 sq.ft Stack Gap : 4’-0” Aisle : 4’-6” Wide FLOOR AREA ANALYSIS TOTAL BUILT UP : 93523 Sq. Children's Section – 120 sq.ft (6 person) 13. Reference Section – 1712 sq. Reception – 160 sq. Chief Librarian – 360 sq.ft 8. Staff – 1469 sq.ft TOTAL BUILT UP FIRST AND SECOND : 24516 Sq. Assembly Hall – 1715 sq.ft 12.ft 9.

Located on the entrance of the site . 14 .1. No proper canteen area provided. No separate service lift for books transportation. No proper temperature and humidity control maintained in the stack and reading areas. Security check and baggage deposit counter at the entrance. Vertical transportation easily assessable in the entrance foyer. No appealing façade treatment and no passive features installed on the south& west facades. Separate parking provided for two wheelers. Buffered from the noise of the main road by the set back of more than 100ft . proper mechanical services .10 INFERENCES MERITS : Located in the old museum complex visited by many tourist and weekly visits by the school trips. can be easily sited. aura of a particular section . Spatial organization as per the library standards requirement. Over all the general requirement has been fulfilled but the latest modern technologies . DEMERITS : Separate section for Braille and children's library is not available.4. Stacks are arranged with proper spacing with the offset of 4 ft fro m the window for proper lighting. Parking space provided in front of the library building. Natural light is sufficient but creates glare problem on some areas in the room. Easily assessable by public convince. Minimum artificial lighting used in most of the areas. Fire fighting measures not installed as per the standards. Only few sections has been renovated with these facilities. inviting interior and self accessible library features are missing which will be available in the new library in kotturpuram.

" After reorganization of the state of Punjab it came under the control of Chandigarh Administration. 4.502 91.5104 Sq. Central State Library caters to the demand of northern sectors and villages of the Chandigarh with a network of two branches. car parking in sector parking zone. Jeanneret Total Built Up Area-30083 Sq.20. LIBRARY INFORMATION Visitors Books Issued/Returned/Consulted 5.17 near Bridge Market Construction – November1958 Architect – P. literary and social circles of city beautiful.4.ft Ground Coverage – 16 % Total Site Area –50405. The library has given a positive thrust to book-culture and related activities.60.2.000 Total Books 2.11.2 CHANDIGARH STATE LIBRARY The Central State Library is a beehive of intellectual activities. Ancillary Services Provided – Multipurpose hall. of India.1 BUILDING INFORMATION Location – Sector.641 Newspaper received daily Magazines received Total membership Total Budget 35 110 35.200 15 . The Chandigarh Public Library System was initiated in 1955 under First Year Plan.18. Cafeteria. Since its very inception it has carved a niche for itself in academic. ."Promotion of Art and Culture. This was covered under the scheme of Govt.000 5. a reading room and a mobile van.ft Parking – 30 to 35 two wheeler.

Parade ground 11. Bus terminus 16 . Town hall 4. Fire station 10. Plaza 6. Cinema hall 8. District courts 13.2.4. Central state library 3.2 SITE AND SURROUNDINGS 1 1 9 13 7 3 11 2 6 5 7 12 8 1 10 1 1. Over bridge 7. High rise buildings 2. Police station 9. Football stadium 12. Post & telegraph building 5.

3 VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING SECTION The main activities here are classification and cataloguing the documents. economic. Registration of new members. videos. cultural. In the circulation Section various functions are undertaken viz. CIRCULATION SECTION This section represents the hub of library activities where lending out of books to readers is facilitated. DVD's and internet access. keywords and subject through OPAC (On-Line Public Access Catalogue) 17 . Members can use the internet for half an hour daily. CD-ROMs with current full text articles. reminders for overdue books. This helps in arranging all books of one subject in one place rather than making it a storehouse of books jumbled in one place.Central State Library provides a window on life and culture in the United States and is the first place to visit for accurate and up-to-date information about political.4. The American Corner at the T. FREE INTERNET ACCESS The library has five work stations in the Reference Section for the use of internet. reservation of books. The American Corner has books. Three computers have been installed exclusively for the members to search books by title author.S. educational and social trends in the United States. records and files. lending of books. statistics and inter library loans etc. Magazines.2. Classification in simple terms means assigning a numerical numbers as minute as possible according to the subject which it covers. renewal of membership cards.

fairy tales. BINDING SECTION Binding is a very vital affair for the library. etc. blocks. REPOGRAPHIC SERVICE Reprographic Service was introduced in the library in 1989 with the purchase of Modi Xerox Machine.soft toys. English and Urdu Languages.Oxford dictionary. ADMINISTRATION SECTION It keeps and maintains the records pertaining to various budgetary provisions of the library like salary. About 200 periodicals and 18 newspapers are received in Hindi. Punjabi. pre school favourites. Current issue of the magazines are being displayed on the reading table to make their maximum use by a large number of readers. The readers can get the material Photostat as and when they require on nominal rates. About 40 CD's have been added. spoken english.e. A seperate computer has been installed for children's exclusive use. Books need to be repaired and bound off and on. The titles includes nursery rhymes. learn and enjoy. expenditure and other matters pertaining to physical stock and infrastructure of the library. which was set up in the reference section.. It has minimized the mutilation and pilferage of books to a great extent.CHILDRENS SECTION Children Section has been made more attractive to catch the eyes of the children by adding educational & recreation toys & games i.fun with numbers.puzzles. English. PERIODICAL AND NEWSPAPER SECTION More than 50 percent of the readers of this library visit only this section due to the special facility provided to non members. About 10 years back record of newspapers is available. 18 .

senior citizens etc. and also for housewives.D LIBRARY . Automatic slide projector and cassettes on various educational subjects are played for the comprehension of the subject like science. Maloya etc C. geography etc. Double cassette. VCR. Bracket torn 10ft. EDUCATION MEDIA CENTRE An audio-video Aids Educational Media has been set up in the library for which infrastructure like TV. for school students. Deck. It has acquired about 150 CD’s and two pentium based machine. Video Projector with accessories. audio cassettes. smart Video Projector with ceiling mount. Diagonal with remote control cable. VCP. 19 . Overhead Projector.MOBILE LIBRARY Due to expansion of the city and its development in phases a Mobile van services were provided for the City Beautiful to cater to the needs of the people living in the following areas. The mobile van caters to areas and colonies like Railways colony. speaker. The library will have various access points to the World Wide Web.

CHILDRENS LIBRARY. FIRST FLOOR RECEPTION ASSEMBLY HALL RAMP STAFF ROOM READING AREA AMERICAN CENTER. AUDIO. this Library is providing service to the user community through the following sections. OPEN TERRACE. BINDING SECTION. CIRCULATION AREA OPEN STACKS READING AQUIZATION SECTION. READING HALL. With this Staff strength. STAFF. GROUND FLOOR PERIODICAL CHILDRENS SECTION OPEN STACKS SECOND FLOOR AMERICAN CENTER THIRD FLOOR NEW ARRIVAL RECEPTION LENDING SECTION. RECEPTION.4. MULTIPURPOSE HALL.2. CHIEF LIBRARIAN OFFICE. COMPUTER ROOM. 20 .VISUAL. PUNJAB STATE LITERATURE.4 STAFF AND SERVICE The total Staff strength is 6 people. CAFETERIA. PERIODICAL SECTION.

4. The staircases. beams.2. the reading halls. the color scheme complement each other and create an ambience suited for relaxed reading and learning. SECTION THROUGH RAMP 21 . The circular concrete columns. the changed stacklevels are truthfully expressed on the façade. when a visitor enters the building he appreciates the architect whose skill and talent combined with an intuitive understanding of the aesthetic and functional aspects of a library bestow on this piece of architecture grace and serenity. However. 5 LE CORBUSIERS DESIGEN By virtue of its location which was predetermined by Le Corbusier in his overall plan of the City Centre. These are treated with horizontal bands and small window openings in the recessed brick wall. deep verandas and undulatory glazing which are the typical architectural features of the City Centre dominate the exterior of the building. Jeanneret followed the strict volumetric and façade controls laid out for the sector. SLOPE 1:7 G.L SECTION THROUGH STACKING AREA BASEMENT VENTILATION DETAIL On the rear side. the counters. and above all. parapets. the ramp. RAMP DETAIL.

6 GROUND FLOOR The building has two entrances at different levels. . there is a passage to the basement which presently houses the National Gallery of Portraits. . One stack contains 125 books approximately. a children's section with a sitting capacity of 35 children's at a time with total 25000 books .EAST 22 . The inviting entrance hail has a built-in reception counter and from here one can take a ramp or staircase to go to the upper floors.4. The ground floor house a Multi. the reading tables and chairs are kept to suit the children. The dimensions of the bookshelves. The stack provided are 3’ in width and 1’-6” deep .2. The main entrance to the library is from the north-east which is at ground level. From the south-west. The children's section is crowded in the months of June –July .purpose hall with a sitting capacity of 150 people. N NORTH.

A cafeteria with an open terrace provides light refreshments. 23 . The third floor houses rare books which the scholar and the layman can consult.FIRST AND SECOND FLOOR The first floor accommodates the book-lending section and various administration offices. The second floor is allotted to the reference and magazine sections.

THIRD FLOOR The floor area of the third floor is 5129 Sq.ft. For connecting the last stack area stairs are provided from the terrace. the last floor consist of the cafeteria and Acquisition section. The reading area in the second floor is an open terrace on the last floor . SECOND FLOOR THIRD FLOOR 24 .

ft Stack Gap : 3’-0” Aisle : 4’-6” Wide FLOOR AREA ANALYSIS TOTAL BUILT UP TOTAL BUIL UP AREA: 30083 QS. Computer – 256 sq.ft (6 Rows & 3 Columns) Each Row : 15’-0” wide and 1’-6” Deep (5 stacks per row) Each Stack : 3’-0” Wide and 1’-6” Deep (Ht: 6’-0”) Individual Stack Area :13’-6”sq.FT THIRD: 5264 SQ.ft 5.ft 8.ft Closed stacking area on each floor : 1110 sq.2. Reception – 108 sq.FT GROUND FLOOR : 8273 SQ.ft (6 person) 13. Entrance Foyer – 1204 sq.ft 2.ft 12. BindingSection – 309 sq.ft 7. News Paper Section – 630 sq.FT 25 . Stairs – 144 sq.ft 9.ft Stack Gap : 3’-0” Open stacking area on each floor : 2788 sq. Toilets – 235 sq.ft 10.ft 11. Chief Librarian – 415 sq.ft 4. Assembly Hall – 1411 sq.FT FIRST&SEOND: 8273 SQ. Staff – 625 sq. Audio Visual Room – 560 sq. Children's Section – 1908 sq. Ramp – 453 sq.ft (15 Rows) Each Row : 10’-0” wide and 1’-6” Deep (3 stacks per row) Each Stack : 3’-3” Wide and 1’-6” Deep (Ht: 6’-6”) Individual Stack Area :13’-6”sq.ft 3.4.ft 6.7 AREA STATEMENT Grid : 17’-3” by 17’-3” Column size : 17”Dia Circular Column 1.

Over all the general requirement has been fulfilled but the latest modern technologies .4. Fire fighting measures not installed as per the standards. Easily assessable by public convince. No proper temperature and humidity control maintained in the stack and reading areas. Parking space provided in the sectoral parking zone at the back side of the building. Natural light is insufficient. Only few sections has been renovated with these facilities.2. Noise pollution due the surrounding site activities. 26 . Stacks are arranged with proper spacing with the offset of 4 ft fro m the window for proper lighting. Only two wheeler parking provided in the front of the library. aura of a particular section . Separate service lift and staircase provided at the stacking area . Parking provided only for limited two wheeler in front No appealing façade treatment. Insufficient stacking space as per the increasing demand of the books. Spatial organization as per the library standards requirement. Security check and baggage deposit counter at the entrance.8 INFERENCES MERITS : Located in Sector -17 that is the heart of the city so can be easily located. proper mechanical services . inviting interior and self accessible library features are missing which will be available in the new library in kotturpuram. Of the library. Separate section provided for children's and Braille library . DEMERITS : canteen area provided but not in working condition at present. No separate cyber café provided for the users. Vertical transportation easily assessable in the entrance foyer.

2 SITE AND SURROUNDINGS The site is close to the majestic complex of imperial buildings that flank the expansive Raj path (Kingsway). Inspirations from ancient temples and palaces have been distilled into a contemporary vocabulary that is shaped and textured by the memory of places and the geometry of latticework. parliamentary services and related facilities over four floors. All public spaces on the upper floors are covered by structural lattices of different patterns. a triangle of equal size with a restricted road in between. surmounted by shallow bubble domes that create a sculptural landscape on the roof.4.3. The rest of the building has an introverted scheme. The avenue runs for two kilometers from east to west. surrounded by a giant colonnade in beige granite that sits atop a one-storeyhigh podium in red sandstone . to the northwest of Baker’s Parliament House. The Library was expected to be ‘apt for the 21st century’ . building contains basic library functions. The 10-acre triangular site for the Library lies northwest of the Parliament site. the Library features a meticulously ordered cluster of circular forms. and configuring an incomplete square. two of them below ground. from Lutyens’ Viceroy’s House (now the residential palace Rashtrapati Bhawan) and Baker’s twin secretariat buildings (now ministries) to India Gate.) The porch behind the colonnade is a continuous veranda for circulation. 27 .while also complementing the majestic heritage from the British colonial period. with the central hall surrounded by three chambers and three courtyards.1 INTRODUCTION The Parliament Library of India is located at the heart of Lutyens’ urban design for New Delhi. Lutyens’ war memorial. organized cross-axially. Responding to the Parliament’s giant colonnade. Vehicle access is from Talkotora and Pandit Pant roads.3 PARLIAMENT LIBRARY – DELHI (A Proto-Type Study) 4. a massive circular structure 170 meters in diameter. (The height of the Library could not exceed the height of this podium. To the north of the ministries is Baker’s Parliament House (Sansad Bhawan).3. 4.

with its courtyards and axes.SITE PLAN N LIBRARY Site conditions and trees prohibited the northwestern corner of the plan from being built. leaving the square incomplete. 28 . Otherwise the plan. is similar to historic precedents.

But for Rewal.3 PLANNING The plan of the building is inspired by pre-colonial Indian architecture such as the magnificent Taj Mahal. leaving open-to-sky courtyards in the leftover spaces. In addition to being icons of Indian architecture.D. such forms seem to symbolize an introversion characteristic of the ancient Indian guru.D. courtyard plans admit daylight and have social and climatic advantages.) in central India is said to be reminiscent of the ancient Indian mandala. The plan of the richly adorned Datia Palace (1614 A. Historically. with its square base and symmetrical composition.4. CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO THE GEOMETRY OF PARLIAMENT HOUSE. Indian buildings with interior open-air spaces helped in defense. with cardinal axes meeting at the center. in a library that needs neither defense nor ceremony. Another inspiration is the Adinatha Temple (1439 A.3. INSPIRATIONAL SOURCE FOR THE PLANNING OF THE LIBRARY. Adinatha is square in plan.) at Ranakpur in western India. 29 .

m.P) AUDITORIUM RESEARCH INFORMATION COMMITTEE ROOM PRESS PUBLIC RELATION RECEPTION MUSEUM N 30 . and an auditorium for 1075 persons apart from the stack area for housing 3 million books which are in the basements. The building has two basements an two upper floors There are twelve domes of various sizes. The entire building is planed on a grid of 5 mts. PUBLIC ENTRY LIBRARY BLOCK BPST MLA READING HALL REFRENCE DOCUMENTATION ENTRY FROM PARLIAMENT (V.4 GROUND FLOOR PLAN The site measures 10 acres with a built up area of 60000 sq.3.I.4. The three courtyards are symmetrically placed around the central built form complimenting distinct functions. The height of the building is restricted to the podium level of the Parliament house.

CHIEF LIBRARIAN OFFICE M. old newspapers and books.GROUND FLOOR LIBRARY PERIODICAL Maximum area is occupied by the stacks to house the 3 million parliament books. STACKS PERIODICAL The 2nd basement floor is completely stacked with official documents . Where as the first basement has a double height reading area. The periodical is on the ground floor along with net browsing area.P READING HALL ENTRANCE TOTAL BUILT UP PIE CHART OF LIBRARY AREAS. 31 . where as first floor has maximum reading area naturally lighted with surmounted dome.

Both visually and symbolically. consensus and democracy. covering 8.700 square metres are predominantly provided in the first basement of the main building.5 DESIGN CONCEPT The central function of the complex is the Parliament Library --. Kitchen / canteen facilities for nearly 500 persons are also being provided apart from a number of kitchenettes / snack bars. symbolizing knowledge on a central axis.a house of knowledge. The aim is to seek a low key architectural expression signifying sagacity. 32 .4. The second basement floor of the main building will have closed stacks. The design is based on the context of the site and the nature of the proposed building. through a sequence of spaces culminating in a new auditorium for 1. The analogy of a relationship between a guru and the king may not be far fetched while comparing the proposed library with the existing Parliament building. The design concept with its connotations of an inward looking building reflects a specific preference for subtle spatial enclosures rather than forms of grandeur.100 persons. is linked to the central core of the new complex. The open stacks having approximate area of 2. the central hall of the existing Parliament denoting peoples’ power. even spiritual elegance rather than compete with the power of the parliament.3.000 square metres of area. symbolically a place of enlightenment. The building will have eight committee rooms and a banquet hall.

place of enlightenment provide natural light even to two basements. Hand crafted stone jails are used throughout the building. Natural light pours into the MPs reading room. 33 . The focal domes provide the natural light for the two basements at centre of the building.The focal centre. The structural arrangement for lower floors is based on a diagram of prefabricated concrete coffers at 1. It protrudes above the roof and it covered with shallow domes of concretes and glass brick. The aim is to provide a light and elegant structural system which could be viewed from long distance only.2 metres (with spans up to 10 metres) supported by circular column of concrete encased in sandstone. For the roof of the museum and library we have proposed a structural system of diagram of steel tube spanning 30 – 40 metres. Its structural light tubular frames and juxta position of wood and glass bricks according to inner space a translucent quality. For the central focal point of library activities he had proposed a dynamic glass dome framed with stainless steel structural members in form of four petals. The calm pond in one court yard symbolizes equality. The Parliament Library has two distinct structural systems.

of the building. SOME E&M SERVICES PROVIDED ARE: Central air-conditioning of 45. video projection system with high power Xenon illumination system with an output of 10. PA system and Fire Check Doors. for co-ordinated functioning in case of fire. CCTV for surveillance. closed circuit TV. a wireless simultaneous interpretation system for ground plus four language interpretation. and stage light system with scanner controlled FOH lights.000 Sqm. The Computer Centre which is centrally air conditioned. glare free lighting. with 5 x 500 TR centrifugal chilling machines including winter heating and dehumidification. systems Car-control systems for Parking area. Video projection system. duly integrated with AHUs.6 BUILDING SERVICES The auditorium is equipped with the state-of-the-art digital Dolby surround sound system for 35 mm film projection. PA system in most parts of the building. is equipped with most modern facilities such as access control system with magnetic card. library operations and display of proceedings in Parliament.000 ANSI lumens. automatic fire detection and fire fighting system in addition to in built public address system. Automatic. Parking for 286 cars 34 and Simultaneous . Non-wet fire-fighting system with NAFS-III gas in computer centre and micro filming store & CO for Switch Rooms.3.4. intelligence fire alarm systems. Digital conferencing Interpretation system in Committee Rooms.

35 . . hexagons and octagons that form a steel lattice These are composed of steel tubes that are ten centimeters in diameter. These steel structures are based on squares. The joints are cast separately at foundries in south India and then connected to the tubes with bolts. The entire structure of domes is supported by circular ring beams that is lifted above the roof level by a series of columns. LATTICE STRUCTURE ROOFING THE SCHOLAR’S LIBRARY. The resultant vertical plane was filled with at combination of glass and glass bricks DOME FOR THE ENTRANCE HALL INTERNAL TREATMENT OF SURFACE WOODEN ACOUSTIC TILES ON THE CEILING OF THE BANQUET HALL AND MEETING ROOM THE GLASS ROOF SPANS OVER THE FOCAL CENTRE PROVIDING NATURAL ILLUMINATION TO SURROUNDING GALLIES LATTICE STRUCTURE ROOFING THE VIP ENTRANCE.3. BANQUET HALL.4.. DETAIL OF LATTICE SUPPORTED BY STEEL RING BEAM.7 BUILDING FEATURES THE LATTICE COMICAL STRUCTURE various public spaces are roofed over with a variety of domes which are lifted above and float over rings of light .

One is an amphitheater. representing social justice DETAIL OF THE PLANTATION OF ROOF GARDEN..The focal centre is located at the cross axis of the library complex. This strategy of using the earth as an insulating barrier is further exploited by placing two floors below the natural ground level . Externally it is also the highest point of the composition. In the winter the garden becomes a public space. where scholars and parliamentarians alike can meet and discuss the days proceedings. A tree forms the focal point of the third courtyard. VIEW SHOWING THE STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK OF THE FOCAL CENTRE DOME VIEW TOWARDS BUREAU OF PARLIAMENTARY STUDIES. It is a glass dome framed with stainless steel structural members in the form of four petals. ROOF GARDEN The extensive roof garden of the library provides a picturesque view of an undulating landscape punctuated by a series of sculptural domes. COURT YARDS The three courtyards that form the inner core of the building provide the surrounding spaces with a dust free environment (a major consideration for any building in the hot and dusty Indo-gangetic plain) from where a soft diffused light emanates. Another courtyard has a pool of water symbolizing equality. 36 . Each courtyard symbolizes one aspect of the Indian constitution. symbolizing freedom of expression. in the summer the sixty centimeters of earth provide a thermal mass which effectively insulates the floors beneath it. The parabolic forms of the petals are tied together on top to a square member and laced together underneath with tensile rods.

MATERIALS The use of Red and Beige Sandstone in the new building ensures the harmony between the new library and the existing parliament.VIEW OF ONE OF THE COURTYARDS. HANDCRAFTED STONE JAALIS ARE USED FOR AOUSTIC CONSIDERATION CONSTRUCTION OF ENTRANCE HALL DOME 37 . SANDSTONE CLAD CIRCULAR COLUMNS. TECHNOLOGY AND ARTISNAL SKILLS Cutting –edge hi –tech technologies live in perfect harmony with artisan techniques of ancient origins. The work of engineering and technical skill is used along with craftsmanship of stone cutters who make jaalis. The protruding ceiling canopy protects the glass windows from harsh sun rays. HAND CARVED JAALIS AND SANDSTONE PANELS. VIEW OF THE COURTYARD WITH WATER FROM THE SURROUNDING PASSAGE. GLASS BRICKS ARE USED TO LIGHT UP THE TWO BASEMENTS.

4.8 INFERENCES Lighting and Ventilation is as per standard.3. Firefighting Arrangements with Fire Alarm System Service Staircase and Fire Escape Staircase Acoustics and Heating Ventilation Safety and Security of Users and Building Proper Air between Stacks Glassed Partitions Steel Racks with Wooden Panel Bay Guides 38 .

SITE ANALYSIS 39 .5.

st.1. KRMM college of arts and science.patrician college. all the institutes are located on Rajiv Gandhi road more than 100 engineering's colleges and polytechnic are located in this area. It has developed into a working class residential community since the 1980s. WHY AT KOTTURPURAM? Kotturpuram is a locality in Chennai (Madras). India. 40 . Located on the south bank of the Adyar River. It constitutes mostly of residences and sports clubs.5. Also being adjacent to the Indian Institute of Technology Madras(IIT). MGR Medical University. Tamil Nadu. ADYAR RIVER It is also the site of education and research hubs of the city. Madras School of Economics. it is easily identified on satellite maps. Cancer Institute and the renowned Guindy Children's Park. Anna University. being situated on a prominent northward bend of the river.

41 . Birla Planetarium . Madras Economics School PROPOSED STATE LIBRARY RAILWAY STATION The landmarks that are located near the site are Anna University. Educational and Commercial establishment. Mahatma Gandhi Memorial.Gems Park High School. Madras Institute Of Mathematics. The site is sufficient for coming up such a Modern State Public Library Building Complex Project. Children's Park. Indian Institute Of Technology.along the Gandhi Mandapa Road.5. Cancer Hospital.2 SITE INFORMATION The given site is a very dormant one which is located on the Kotturpuram Road. It has frontage on one side only from the east direction . It is placed in a mixed community setup which consist of residential. The site is flanked by Government Data Centre on the north. madras economics school on the west and Anna Gems Science Park School on the south.

77 times their capacity. Madras University etc) and schools. When a function/meeting is organized in the amphitheater and auditorium another 2000 person will arrive/ CROSS JUNCTION ½ Km FROM SITE As the facility is located in the midst of the residential and educational institutions anticipated traffic of 600 pcu is expected equally from both ends of Gandhi Mandapam Road i.3 TRAFFIC SENARIO The readers to library are likely to be from the nearby residential areas ( Kotturpuram. The total equivalent flow would be nearly 600 pcu/ hour.5 to 3.e 300 puc from Anna University side and another 300 from Nandanam side . It is expected that maximum 2750 persons would travel to the facility by bus or private vehicle during the evening peak hours assuming 30% to travel by bus and 50% by two wheelers and 20% by cars. so the visitors/users are most likely to visit by the public transport mode. Adyar. FROM ANNA UNIVERSITY A library with modern facilities is to attract 3000 visitors per day and 25% (750 visitors) of them are likely to visit during the evening hours. Majority of the roads in the area carry traffic nearly 1. The Library is located on the western side of the Gandhi Mandapam Road. Velachery. T. The no of users to a library on a Leave during the evening hours.5 km and to the nearest suburban railway station is 1 km.) educational institute ( Anna University. WAY TO RANEET ROAD NEAREST BUS STOP GANDHI MANDAPAM ROAD ENTRANCE TO SITE 42 . Saidapet.Nagar. The distance to the nearest bus transport facility is 0. Taramani etc. IIT. Nandanam.5.

SITE ENTRANCE SITE OFFICE GOVERNMENT DATA CENTER ON NORTH SIDE 5. REAR SETBACK : 7Mt 43 .mt (8 Acres/ 3.I : 1.SIDE SET BACK : 7Mt. SITE REQUIREMENT SITE AREA : 32.4.C : 30% HT : 8 STORIES/ 42 Mt MADRS ECONOMICS SCHOOL ON THE SOUTH WEST SIDE : FRONT SET BACK : 7 Mt .75 SETBACKS G.S.24 Hectares) READING CAPACITY : 2000 PERSON AT A TIME STACKING CAPACITY : 12. 400 Sq.5 LAKH BOOKS F.

SITE LOCATION : The site is located on Gandhi Mandapam street. Indian Institute of Technology 1. EXISTING USE : Mixed Community setup.672 Kmph PERIOD : September 19 -25 .10km and Anna University 1. CONTOURS : No contours in the site TEMPERATURE : Max : 43°C --Min : 18°C RELATIVE HUMIDITY : 88% WIND DIRECTION : Blowing from SE AVERAGE WIND SPEED : 3. OTHER ACCESS : Chennai Airport 8km.60km. MAIN ACCESS : Cancer Institute and Research Centre 1km.Kotturpuram-Chennai. Guindy Race Course 4km. 2008 SOIL TYPE : Sludge soil and sand mixed with clay. WATER TABLE LVL : 3mt from ground surface PARKING FACILIY : surface parking cars 545 & 183 two wheelers ELECTRICITY : from municipal electricity board SOURCE OF WATER : Chennai metropolitan water supply SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT : 75 kld proposed 44 . Central Railway Station 2km.

The present population of the city is 43. 76.34 Lakhs.km in 1901 had a population of 5.8% and the remaining 1. The Chennai City Corporation was constituted in 1798. The Literacy rate of Chennai is 76.81% in the city.40 lakhs. and the table below shows a downward trend in the migration to the City from 37.5 %. Since 1941. The City extending over an area of 68 sq.57% in 2001.6 DEMOGRAPHY Chennai has a long history since 1639. migrants to Chennai City from other parts of Tamil Nadu State constitute 74.71 % of the migrants is from other countries.51% in Urban TN.09% in CMA and 73.5. Migrants from other parts of DATA CENTRE India constitute 23. According to 2001 Census.24% in 1961 to GOVERNMENT 21. Chennai is a city of migrants like any other MADRAS ECONOMICS SCHOOL metropolitan city in India. it had grown rapidly and the growth of population in Chennai City and other local bodies within CMA . ANNA GEMS SCHOOL 45 .

6. SPECIAL NEEDS: Good rain-water drainage is essential. Fixed windows should be avoided.7 CHENNAI CLIMATE :WARM AND HUMID CLIMATIC ZONE AS PER SP -41 CODE: This type of climate is normally found in the coastal areas. Windows area should be 15 to 20 percent of floor area. 3. Coastal regions of Gujarat. openings should be provided with suitable protection like sunshades. chhajjas etc. Orissa and West Bengal fall under this category. VEGETATION: Shrubs of medium height or coconut trees grove or casuarinas.5 to 0. Top roof surface should be made reflective by providing whitewashing or any reflective paint / tiles.e. the emphasis should be on prevailing winds. Maharashtra. from Sun and rain. Roof should be finished with materials of low thermal conductivity. 2. Compound wall on the windward side should be low. WINDOWS AND FENESTRATION: Proper cross ventilation of building is of extreme importance therefore large openings should be positioned on windward and leeward direction. Desert coolers are not suitable in these areas. Ventilators should be provided as near to ceiling as possible. which do not act as wind barriers are recommended. Andhra Pradesh. Mean maximum temperature during summer does not rise beyond 32 degree centigrade and relative humidity ranges between 70% and 90%. Tamil Nadu. longer walls should face north & south so that shorter sides are exposed to direct sunlight. The sill height of windows should be at low level between 0. RCC jalies are more advantages as they allow passage of air through them and at the same time provide privacy by obstructing the vision. Kerala. ROOFS: should have large overhangs to avoid rainwater hitting the wall. Desirable features of buildings in this zone are: 1. 4. Because of less diurnal variation of temperatures along with high humidity.7 meter. Internal doorways between drawing & dining and dining to passage etc. Provision of mechanical ventilation for circulation of fresh air as well as exhaust of used air should be made. WALLS: Low thermal capacity material be used in construction and walls can be thinner as temperatures are not very high. Proper slope is essential for effective removal of rainwater.5. Bare fencing or light screen walls are preferable. However. Karnataka. 5. may be left open without shutters/leaves. 46 . ORIENTATION: should be preferably in North-South direction for habitable rooms i.

8 metres and the other end is 18. 47 .The minimum extent of site for construction of multi-storeyed buildings shall not be less than 1500 square metres. b) If the general road is of width less than 18 metres width.2 metres is acceptable. d) If the general road width is less than 18 metres and the site owner merely agrees to leave enough space to have 18 metres in front of his site only. 2 (35).5. but discontinues and narrows into a road of smaller width on the other side of the site in question and the plot owner is willing to leave enough space for continuity of 18 metres road in front of his site. this is not acceptable.The site shall either abut on a road not less than 18 metres in width or gain access from public road not less that 18 metres width through a part of the site which can be treated as an exclusive passage of not less than 18 metres in width. or gain access from public road not less that 12 m/15 metres in width through a part of the site which can be treated as an exclusive passage of not less than 12 m/15 metres in width. this will have to be checked and decided on case-bycase. c) If the road is generally of 18 metres width up to a considerable length on one side. but because of some kinks in front of the site one end is 17. 12 m/15 m in width.8 SPECIAL RULES FOR MULTI-STOREYED BUILDINGS (1) (a) Site Extent:. EXPLANATION: (i) Road width means the road space as defined in DR no. subject to compliance of the planning parameters stated in the Table under sub rule (2) below. Provided further that multi-storeyed building may be permitted with limitations on maximum FSI and maximum height of the building on a site abutting or gaining access from a public road of min. The qualifying road width for permitting multi-storeyed building shall be available at least for a stretch of 500m along the length of the road abutting the site and the stretch from a junction can be straight or a curve or zigzag or combination of the above. To cite examples – a) If the road over its general length is of 18 metres width. (b) Road width:. is not acceptable. but only widens opposite to or nearer to the site is more than 18 metres.

48 . will not normally affect adversely provided the shortage in width in the min. for which no patta has been given.(ii) Road width measurements for the above purpose shall be of the road as designed and laid and the existence of unauthorized encroachments. prescribed width. However permissibility (in exceptional cases) or otherwise in such specific situations will be decided case-by-case. stretch stated above does not exceed 10% of the min.

(c) In cases where second basement is proposed for parking and incidental uses. (2) VEHICULAR ACCESS WITHIN THE SITE: Internal Vehicular Access way including passage if any within the site shall have a clear width of 7. (e) During the construction of the basement floor. . it shall be sole responsibility of the planning permission holder to ensure that the building / structure in the adjoining sites are not weakened / damaged. recreation or any other activity parking spaces and parking facilities shall be provided within the site to the satisfaction of the Authority and conforming to the standards specified in Annexure XVI.(1) PARKING AND PARKING FACILITIES: For the use of the occupants and of persons visiting the premises for the purposes of profession.4 metres. it shall be a clear width of open to sky and no projection in structure over it is permissible. (b) No part of the basement shall be constructed in the minimum required set backspaces required for the movement of snorkel.2 m. DETECTION AND EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS: (a) All building in their design and construction shall be such as to contribute to and ensure individually and collectively and the safety of life from fire. business. automatic fire detecting and alarming facilities shall be provided where necessary to warn occupants or the existence of fires. and such vehicular access shall be available for every building block in the site. so that they may escape. or to facilitate the orderly conduct of fire exit Drills. (3) CORRIDOR WIDTH: The corridor serving as access for units in the development in whichever floor they may be situated shall not be less than the standards prescribed in Annexure XVII. 49 . smoke. arrangement or occupancy that a fire may not itself provide adequate warning to occupants. (5) FIRE SAFETY. fumes and also panic arising from these or similar other causes. Further. sufficient provision for lighting and ventilation and also for protection from fire to the satisfaction of Directorate of Fire and Rescue Services shall be made. (b) In building of such size. trade.2 metres above ground level and the headroom shall be minimum 2. (4) BASEMENT FLOOR: - (a) The height of basement floor shall not exceed 1.

Intercultural and needsbased considerations. PRESRVATION UNIT READING ZONE GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS TEXT BOOKS REFERENCE PERIODICAL ENTRANCE AREA. information. while doing your own thing – the personal and the community in harmony. including being a cultural facility and a unique and enjoyable civic place for Chennai and surrounding districts.. such as the open air theatre. H. To design a library requires clear purposes. either in adjoining spaces or while walking around. consistent with age-groups. exhibition space. A sense of being in the community. Provide adequate space and flexibility for a variety of tasks and for the growth of the collection and number of users. To develop knowledge resources. the space allowed for this interaction to take place naturally.6. MULTIPURPOSE HALL. learning.Q STAFF RARE BOOK. Ideas: culture. use of cloistered area . leisure zoning and display of space – conceiving the user close to content -open areas adjacent to heavier stocked areas. interests etc. serious areas deeper in the building or upstairs Services not just through technology but through personal contact. sky courts etc. and the judges are examining what they see as the result of these deliberations. CHILDRENS SECTION SEGREGATION OF PUBLIC & PRIVATE AREAS 50 . leisure space for parents and toddlers. Resolution of conflict between lively and reflective spaces. DESIGN CRITERIA To meet the clients requirements and objectives.

FT : 6000 SQ.FT : 22500 SQ.FT : 12500 SQ.FT : 12000 SQ.FT : 2000 SQ.FT : 15.FT : 7500 SQ.FT 51 .FT : 2000 SQ.FT : 2500 SQ. ESCALATOR CURRENT NEWSPAPER SECTION CHILDRENS SECTION PERIODICAL SECTION REFERENCE SECTION STACK AREA ( TAMIL BOOKS) READING AREA STACK AREA (ENGLISH BOOKS) READING AREA DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGE INDIAN LANGUAGE BACK ISSUE OF NEWS PAPER READING AREA BACK ISSUE OF PERIODICALS READING AREA GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT STACK AREA READING AREA DONOR COLLECTION READING AREA AUDIO& VISUAL RARE BOOKS DIGITAL LIBRARY READING AREA STAFF BINDING & BOOK SORTING CONFERENCE HALL : 6000 SQ.FT : 1500 SQ.FT :1.FT : 6000 SQ.000 SQ. AREA STATEMENT LOBBY/RECEPTION CYBER CAFÉ AUDITORIUM LIFT.FT : 22500 SQ.FT : 2000 SQ.FT : 7500 SQ.FT :2500 SQ.FT : 26000 SQ.FT : 6000 SQ.FT : 20000 SQ.FT : 7500 SQ.000 SQ. STAIRCASE.FT : 3000 SQ.FT : 7500 SQ.FT : 6000 SQ.FT : 6000 SQ.500 SQ.FT : 10.FT : 15.FT : 6000 SQ.000 SQ.7.FT : 14000 SQ.