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TDO

Engineering Mechanics (STATICS) 6th Edition

**Engineering Mechanics (DYNAMICS) 6th Edition
**

By J. L. Meriam & L. G. Kraige

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TDO Introduction to statics Force Systems Equilibrium Structures Distributed Forces Friction Virtual Work 3 .

TDO Mechanics Basic Concepts Scalar and Vector Newton’s Laws Units Law of Gravitation Problems 4 .

Statics Kinematics Dynamics Kinetics Rigid Bodies Strength of Material Mechanics Deformable Bodies Theory of Elasticity Theory of Plasticity Ideal Fluid Fluid Viscous Fluid Compressible Fluid 5 .TDO – Mechanics is the physical science which deals with the effect of the forces on objects.

6 .Rigid Bodies Mechanics TDO STATICS: Statics deals with the equilibrium of bodies. those that are either at rest or moving with a constant velocity DYNAMICS: Dynamics are concerned with the accelerated motion of bodies kinematically and kinetically. that is.

TDO Space Time Mass Force Particle Rigid Body 7 .

Two Dimensional Coordinate System y y x p(r.θ) p(x.θ component) 8 .y) r y y=f(x) θ x Rectangular coordinate system (x.y component) x Polar coordinate system (r.TDO Space It is the geometric region occupied by bodies whose positions are described by linear and angular measurements relative to a coordinate system.

y.TDO Three Dimensional Coordinate System z P(x.z) θz z O θy θx y x y x 9 .

TDO TIME: Time is the measure of succession of events and is a basic quantity in dynamics. Time is not directly involved in the analysis of statics problems. MASS: Mass is a measure of the inertia of a body. which is its resistance to a change of velocity. 10 . The mass of a body affects the gravitation attraction force between it and other bodies. Mass can also be thought of as the quantity of matter in body.

Pull Push 11 . The action of a force is characterized by its magnitude. Thus force is a vector quantity. and by its point of application. by the direction of its action. A force tends to move a body in the direction of its action.TDO FORCE: Force is the action of one body on another.

When such changes are small. a particle is a body whose dimensions are considered to be near zero so that we may analyze it as a mass concentrated at a point. the body may be termed rigid without appreciable error. In the mathematical sense. This is an ideal hypothesis since all real bodies will change shape to a certain extent when subjected to forces.TDO PARTICLE : A particle is a body of negligible dimensions. 12 . RIGID BODY: A rigid body is one which exhibits no relative deformation between its parts.

Force.Displacement. Energy and Mass VECTOR: -Magnitude as well as direction -obey the parallelogram law of addition Examples.TDO SCALAR : -Only Magnitude Examples.Time. Density. Moment and Momentum Free Vector VECTORS Sliding Vector Fixed Vector 13 . Velocity. Volume. Speed. Acceleration.

Vectors representing such quantities whose effect remains unaltered when they are moved along their line of action are called as sliding vectors. Velocity of fluid in a uniform flow is an example of sliding vector.TDO Free Vector: The displacement of a body without rotation is represented by a vector which can be moved parallel to itself at any point and it won’t change its implication. V V 14 . Such vectors are called as free vectors V V Sliding Vector: Force acting on a rigid body has the same effect even if its point of application is moved along its line of action.

direction and point of application are fixed.TDO Fixed Vector: Force acting on a deformable body produces different effects when applied at different points. Such vectors whose effects depend on the point of application are called as fixed or bound vectors. Their magnitude. 15 .

a = 0.v = constant 16 .TDO Newton’s First Law (Statics): A particle remains at rest or continues to move with uniform velocity (in a straight line with constant speed) if there is no unbalanced force acting on it. ΣF = 0.

Σ F = mass x acceleration Σ F = ma 17 .TDO Newton’s Second Law (Dynamics) A particle acted upon by an unbalanced force F experiences an acceleration "a" that has the same direction as the force and magnitude that is directly proportional to the force.

FB 18 . opposite in direction. and collinear (they lie on the same line) FA = .TDO Newton’s Third Law (Action-Reaction) The forces of action and reaction between interacting bodies are equal in magnitude.

TDO 19 .

TDO 20 .

m2 = the mass of the two particles r = the distance between the centers of the particles 21 .TDO The law of gravitation is expressed by the equation Where F = the mutual force of attraction between two particles G =a universalconstant known as the constant of gravitation = 6.673 x 10 -11 m3/kg-s2 m1.

81 m/s2 = acceleration of gravity 22 .TDO To compute ‘W’ the weight of a body having a mass of m. r = 6371 km W = 9. Mass of earth.976 x 1024 kg Average radius of earth. m1 = 5.81 m W = gm (N) where g = 9.

TDO 23 .

TDO 24 .

AD = BC and θ + α = 180° α θ α θ B If AB and AD are vectors. A The resultant of vector AB and vector AD is equal to the vector AC which is the diagonal of the parallelogram. Thus.TDO C D In parallelogram ABCD AB = DC . it can be mathematically expressed by the equation of AB + AD = AC 25 .

TDO Sine law c A Cosine law B b a C 26 .

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