# PHYSICS AS PER NCERT: CLASS-11 & 12

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Name of the topic
Physical world
What is physics
Scope and excitement of physics
Physics, technology and society
Fundamental forces in nature
Nature of physical laws
Units and Measurements
Introduction
The International system of units
Measurement of length
Measurement of mass
Measurement of time
Accuracy, precision of instruments and
errors in measurement
Significant figures
Dimensions of physical quantities
Dimensional formulae and dimensional
equations
Dimensional analysis and its applications
Motion in Straight line
Introduction
Position path length and displacement
Average velocity and average speed
Instantaneous velocity and speed
Acceleration
Kinematic equations for uniformly
accelerated motion
Relative velocity
Motion in a plane
Introduction
Scalars and vectors
Multiplication of vectors by real numbers
Addition and subtraction of vectors –
graphical method
Resolution of vectors
Motion in a plane
Motion in a plane with constant acceleration
Relative velocity in two dimensions
Projectile motion
Uniform circular motion
Laws of motion
Introduction
Aristotle’s fallacy
The law of inertia
Newton’s first law of motion
Newton’s second law of motion
Newton’s third law of motion

Topic covered in IIT JEE

70. 53. 74. Conservation of momentum Equilibrium of a particle Common forces in mechanics Circular motion Solving problems in mechanics Work. 80. 65. 73.40. 72. 51. 58. 66. 69. 47. 56. 46. 77. 78. 79. 62. 76. 50. 71. 57. 81. 59. 48. 75. 42. 67. Energy and Power Introduction Notions of work and kinetic energy: The work-energy theorem Work Kinetic energy Work done by a variable force The work energy theorem for a variable force The concept of potential energy The conservation of mechanical energy The potential energy of a spring Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy Power Collisions System of particles and rotational motion Centre of mass Motion of centre of mass Linear momentum of a system of particles Vector product of two vectors Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity Torque and angular momentum Equilibrium of a rigid body Momentum of inertia Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis Rolling motion Gravitation Introduction Kepler’s laws Universal law of gravitation The gravitational constant Acceleration due to gravity of the earth Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth Gravitational potential energy Escape speed Earth satellite Energy of an orbiting satellite Geostationary and polar satellites Weightlessness . 64. 44. 55. 49. 68. 54. 43. 45. 60. 52. 63. 41. 61.

117. 95. 90. 103. 89. 127. internal energy and work First law of thermodynamics Specific heat capacity Thermodynamic state variables and equations of state Thermodynamic processes Heat engines Refrigerators and heat pumps Second law of thermodynamics Reversible and irreversible processes Carnot engine KINETIC THEROTY Introduction Molecular nature of matter Behavior gases Kinetic theory of an ideal gas Law of equipartition of energy Specific heat capacity Mean free path OSCILATIONS Introduction Periodic and oscillatory motions Simple harmonic motions . 87. 122. 104.82. 120. 105. 98. 86. 126. 109. 88. 85. 93. 102. 96. 92. 113. 119. 110. 100. 128. 111. 101. 112. 125. 123. 94. 91. 83. 108. 118. 115. 106. 97. 99. 116. 121. 84. 114. Mechanical properties of Solids Introduction Elastic behavior of solids Stress and strain Hooke’s law Stress-strain curve Elastic moduli Applications of elastic behavior of materials Mechanical Properties of Fluids Introduction Pressure Streamline flow Bernoulli’s principle Viscosity Reynolds number Surface tension Thermal properties of Matter Introduction Temperature and heat Measurement of temperature Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature Thermal expansion Specific heat capacity Calorimetry Change of state Heat transfer Newton’s law of cooling THERMODYNAMICS Introduction Thermal equilibrium Zeroth law of thermodynamics Heat. 124. 107.

Equipotential Surfaces 165. Electrostatics of Conductors 168. Some systems executing simple harmonic motion 134. Electrostatic Potential 161. Potential Energy of a System of Charges 166. Displacement relation in a progressive wave 139. Gauss’s Law 158. Energy in simple harmonic motion 133. Introduction 160. Van de Graaff generator CURRENT ELECTRICITY 175. Forced oscillations and resonance WAVES 136. Transverse and longitudinal waves 138. Charging by Induction 148. Energy stored in capacitor 174. Electric Charges 146.129. Dipole in a Uniform External Field 156. Electric Flux 154. Reflection of waves 142. Potential due to an Electric Dipole 163. Electric Field Lines 153. Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance 172. Electric Field 152. The principle of superposition of waves 141. Introduction 145. Combination of capacitors 173. Columb’s Law 150. Capacitors and Capacitance 170. Dumped simple harmonic motion 135. Doppler effect ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS 144. Application of Gauss’s Law ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE 159. Potential due to a point charge 162. Force law for simple harmonic motion 132. Beats 143. Conductors and Insulators 147. Basic Properties of Electric Charge 149. Dielectrics and Polarisation 169. Potential Energy in a External Field 167. Forces between Multiple Charges 151. Electric Dipole 155. Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion 131. Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion 130. The Parallel Plate Capacitor 171. Introduction 137. Introduction Not in syllabus Not in syllabus . The speed of travelling wave 140. Continuous Charge Distribution 157. Potential due to a System of Charges 164.

201.Series and Parallel Cells. 215. 206. 181. Electric current Electric currents in conductors Ohm’s law Drift of electrons and the origin of resistivity Limitations of ohm’s law Resistivity of various materials Temperature dependence of resistivity Electrical energy. 192. magnetic dipole The moving coil galvanometer MAGNETISM AND MATTER Introduction The bar magnet Magnetism and Gauss’s Law The earth’s magnetism Magnetization and magnetic intensity Magnetic properties of materials Permanent magnets and electromagnets ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION Introduction The experiments of Faraday and Henry Magnetic flux Faraday’s law of induction Lenz’s law and conservation of energy Motional electromotive force Energy consideration: A quantitative Study Eddy Currents Inductance AC Generator ALTERNATING CURRENT Introduction AC Voltage applied to a resistor Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors _ Phasors Not in syllabus Not in syllabus . 193. 179. Internal Resistance Kirchhoff’s Laws Wheatstone Bridge Meter Bridge Potentiometer Moving Charges and Magnetism Introduction Magnetic force Motion in a magnetic field Motion in combined electric and magnetic fields Magnetic field due to a current element. 204. 184. 207. 216. 187. the Ampere Torque on current loop. 191. 190. 214. 212. 200. 217. 213. 199. 188. 203. 208. 194. Biot-Savart Law Magnetic Field on the axis of a circular current loop Ampere’s circuital law The solenoid and the toroid Force between two parallel currents. 183. 205. power Combinations of resistors. 180. 177. 196. 186. 195. 198. 209. 185. 197. emf. 182. 220. 202. 210.176. 219. 211. 189. 178. 218.

226. 230. 239. 233. 255.221. 231. 223. 243. 224. 246. 247. 257. 235. 238. 251. 253. 260. 228. 242. AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor AC Voltage applied to a Capacitor AC Voltage applied to a Series LCR Circuit Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor LC Oscillations Transformers ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Introduction Displacement Current Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic spectrum RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS Introduction Reflection of Light by spherical mirrors Refraction Total Internal Reflection Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses Refraction through a Prism Dispersion by a prism Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight Optical Instruments WAVE OPTICS Introduction Huygens Principle Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens Principle Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves Interference of light waves and Young’s experiment Diffraction Polarization DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER Introduction Electron emission Photoelectric effect Experimental study of photoelectric effect Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light Einstein’s photoelectric equation: energy quantum of radiation Particle nature of light : the photon Wave nature of matter Davisson and Germer experiment ATOMS Introduction Alpha-particle scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear model of atom Atomic spectra Bohr model of the hydrogen atom The line spectra of the hydrogen DE Broglie’s explanation of Bohr’s second postulate of quantization NUCLEI Not in syllabus Not in syllabus Not in syllabus Not in syllabus Not in syllabus Not in syllabus . 245. 254. 248. 222. 237. 244. 249. 261. 258. 227. 236. 241. 259. 234. 250. 240. 256. 229. 225. 252. 232.

281. 289. 269. 287. 282. 284. 280. 267. 270. 286. 288. Introduction Atomic masses and composition of nucleus Size of the nucleus Mass-energy and Nuclear binding energy Nuclear force Radioactivity Nuclear energy SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS. 265. DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS Introduction Classification of metals. 264. 266. 271. 279. 263. 273. 276. 285. 277. 283. 272. 268. 278.262. 274. 275. conductors and semiconductors Intrinsic semiconductor Extrinsic semiconductor p-n Junction Semiconductor diode Application of Junction Diode as Rectifier Special purpose p-n Junction Diodes Junction Transistor Digital electronics and logic gates Integrated circuits COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Introduction Elements of a communication system Basic terminology used in electronic communication systems Bandwidth of signals Bandwidth of transmission medium Propagation of electromagnetic waves Modulation and its necessity Amplitude modulation Production of amplitude modulated wave Detection of amplitude modulated wave Not in syllabus Not in syllabus .