ENGLISH PREPARATORY SCHOOL

2014 – 2015
Writing
INTRODUCTION

Prepared by: Asuman
Memioğlu &

TO ESSAY

ZeynepMunzur

PART I
ESSAY

INTRODUCTION TO
Capital Punishment or Not?

In almost every society around the world, murder is
considered to be the worst crime. That is why nobody argues with the fact that
murderers must be punished. Several methods of punishment have been used for
years. Most societies think that life is sacred. Therefore, they put people who
commit murders in prison for the rest of their lives. However, other societies think
murderers should be sentenced to capital punishment because they deserve it. I
personally believe that capital punishment is wrong and should be abolished for
certain reasons.
First of all, if capital punishment is allowed, there will always be a risk of
executing an innocent person by mistake. According to the recent statistics
conducted by Amnesty International in the U.S., 30% of the people were found
innocent after their execution. The government had to apologize to the families for
executing them by mistake for a murder they actually didn’t commit.
Unfortunately, an apology cannot bring a dead person back to life.
Another reason why capital punishment should be abolished is that it does
not give people who have made mistakes an opportunity to change their lives.
We may not know under what circumstances the murder was committed. With
time, they could learn from their mistakes. Thus, life in prison gives them a
chance to make their lives better. For example, the American murderer, Caryl
Chessman has been teaching other prisoners how to read and write. Also, he has
written several books. In one of those books, he says he finally learnt not to hate
and respect the rights of other individuals. Chessman learnt this important lesson
in prison. However, a dead person learns nothing and an executed person will
never change.
Finally, death penalty is not a deterrent to stop people from committing
violent crimes, so it should be abolished. In other words, it does not reduce
murder rates. For instance, in America, where capital punishment is legal in a
number of states, more and more people commit crimes every year, whereas, in
France, Spain, and Britain, where capital punishment was abolished years ago,
the number of criminals is fewer. Consequently, death penalty is not an effective
deterrent.

1

In conclusion, it would be a good idea to abolish capital punishment because
of the risk of killing an innocent person and criminals who want to change
themselves. Also, it does not deter people from committing crimes. Therefore,
the government should replace capital punishment with life imprisonment.

Topic Sentence

A. Support
B. Support
C. Support

Concluding
Sentence

Essay

Organization

An essay
is made up of a group of
paragraphs
about one subject. A
paragraph, as
we have already seen,
has three parts: the topic sentence, the body, which consists of
supporting sentences, and the concluding sentence. The
following diagram shows that an essay also has three main
parts: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.

PARARGRAPH
INTRODUCTION

General Statements
Thesis Statement

BODY
A. Topic Sentence
1. Support
2. Support
Concluding Sentence

B. Topic Sentence
1. Support
2. Support
Concluding Sentence
C. Topic Sentence
1. Support
2. Support
Concluding Sentence

CONCLUSION

-Restatement or
summary of the main
points;
- Final comment
2

Capital punishment should be abolished
for certain reasons.

First of all, if capital punishment is
allowed, there will always be a risk of
executing

an

innocent

person

by

mistake. For example, the official crime
statistics show that 30 percent of the people
who have been killed in the US for years were
found innocent later and the government had
to

apologize

to

the

families

after

their

execution. Another reason why capital
punishment should be abolished is that
it does not give people who have made

ESSAY
INTRODUCTION
In almost every society around the world, murder is considered to
be the worst crime. That is why nobody argues with the fact that
murderers must be punished. Several methods of punishment
have been used for years. Most societies think that life is sacred.
Therefore, they put people who commit murders in prison for the
rest of their lives. However, other societies think murderers should
PARAGRAPH
be sentenced to capital punishment because they deserve it. I
personally believe that capital punishment is wrong and

mistakes an opportunity to change their
lives. Life in prison may give criminals a

BODY

chance to make their lives better. However, a
dead person learns nothing and an executed
person will never change. Finally, death
penalty is not a deterrent to stop people
from committing violent crimes. Recent
studies show that countries using capital
punishment often have higher murder rates

First of all, if capital punishment is allowed, there will
always be a risk of executing an innocent person by
mistake. According to the recent statistics conducted by Amnesty
International in the U.S., 30% of the people were found innocent
after their execution. The government had to apologize to the
families for executing them by mistake for a murder they actually
didn’t commit. Unfortunately, an apology cannot bring a dead
person back to life.

than those that abolished it.

Another
reason
In conclusion, it would be
a good idea
to why capital punishment should be
abolished is that it does not give people who have made
abolish capital punishment
because
of
mistakes
an opportunity
to change their lives. We may not
the risk of killing an innocent
person
know under
what circumstances the murder was committed.
With time,
they could learn from their mistakes. Thus, life in
and criminals who want
to change
prison gives them a chance to make their lives better. For
themselves.
Also, it does not deter
example, the American murderer, Caryl Chessman has been
people from committing teaching
crimes. other prisoners how to read and write. Also, he has
written several books. In one of those books, he says he finally
learnt not to hate and respect the rights of other individuals.
Chessman learnt this important lesson in prison. However, a
Finally, death penalty is not a deterrent to stop people
from committing violent crimes, so it should be
abolished. In other words, it does not reduce murder rates. For
instance, in America, where capital punishment is legal in a
number of states, more and more people commit crimes every
year, whereas, in France, Spain, and Britain, where capital
punishment was abolished years ago, the number of criminals is
fewer. Consequently, death penalty is not an effective deterrent.

CONCLUSION
In conclusion, it would be a good idea to abolish capital
punishment because of the risk of killing an innocent
person and criminals who want to change themselves.
3
Also, it does not deter people from committing crimes.
Therefore, the government should replace capital punishment
with life imprisonment.

........................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................... ............................................................ ........... ...... ....................................................................................................................... ............................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... III................................... .Details ................. Capital Punishment or Not Thesis statement: ............... .................................................................................. ................................... ......... 4 ............................................................... ................ Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: ..Details .............. ............................ Concluding sentence: .................................................................................................................................................. Body Paragraph 2 Topic Sentence: ................... ...................................................................................... ......................................................... ........................................................................................................................... ........... I.... ..................................................................... ...... II. V.......Complete the following outline according to the model opinion essay..................................................Details ...................... IV................................................................................ .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . ................ Body Paragraph 3 Topic Sentence: ... ............................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................... .......

There are many ways to write an introduction. In an essay.Parts of an Essay INTRODUCTION: The introduction is the beginning of an essay. the supporting sentences. the opening statement. the topic sentence tells the reader what the subject of the paragraph will be and how it will be developed. which can be one or two paragraphs. introduces the topic. It does the same job for an essay as the topic sentence does for a paragraph. There are three parts to an introduction: the opening statement. but it is necessary to of the three parts: the include each • an opening statement or question that attracts the reader's attention — this is often called "the hook". supporting statements. In the example introductory paragraphs below. and • a thesis statement that states the purpose and plan of the whole essay. The Opening Statement The purpose of the opening statement is to make the reader want to read the essay. In a paragraph. and introductory topic sentence. the introduction. The opening statement is often called the "hook" because it acts like a fishing hook: • it catches the reader's attention 5 . • supporting sentences which link "the hook" to the thesis. or thesis statement is highlighted.

Pirsig — Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance The Supporting Sentences in the Introduction Paragraph In an introduction you begin with the hook. • lists the points the writer is going to make in the essay. Although there are many ways to write an introduction. The Thesis Statement The thesis statement in an essay is similar to the topic sentence in a paragraph." Robert M. The supporting sentences help your reader understand how the hook is linked to the topic. But the essay's thesis statement also has a much broader purpose. the important point is that you lead the reader to your main idea and topic. They help the reader focus on your specific topic. For example: The new fitness centre is an asset to our school because it provides opportunity to swim.• it pulls the reader into the essay There are many different ways to write a hook. the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph introduces the topic and the main points of a whole essay. Then you guide or lead the reader from that opening sentence to the topic and the thesis statement. Here are a few of the types of hooks that you can use: Question: Can you remember the fear and excitement you felt the first time you went to a foreign country? Statistic: The majority of American visitors to Canada in 2001 arrived by automobile. weight train. A thesis statement: • tells the reader the topic of the essay. and play squash. Quotation: "Sometimes it's a little better to travel than to arrive. Both must have a narrow topic with a clear focus or controlling idea and supporting main points. Whereas the topic sentence in an illustrative paragraph introduces the main idea of just that paragraph. The sample essay introduction above is only one example of how to link the hook to the topic. 6 .

• sets the tone of the essay. and. I learned a lot and I enjoyed Growing up on a farm was a safe. • does not use clichéd. • is a narrow topic rather than a broad.For example: The new fitness centre is an asset to our school because it provides opportunity to swim. and play squash. Here are some example pairs of thesis statements. Explanation: There is no direction in the first statement. and all three points are parallel. it has a strong tradition in English writing that adds significance to the ideas being expressed. The second statement lists the three points. Ex 1: Broad Topic: Reasons to dislike going to the dentist Thesis Statement Weak Example Going to the dentist can be painful. educational. Poor example: Fitness Centres are assets. weight train. Strong Going to the dentist can be painful if you have a tooth pulled. Parallel structure is an important writing technique. For example: The new fitness centre is an asset to our school because it provides opportunity to swim. or a root canal. The second statement outlines three reasons why going to the dentist can be painful. It is easy to read. in adjective form. Ex 2: Broad Topic: Differences between growing up in rural and urban areas Thesis Statement Weak it. It does not tell the reader what will be discussed in the essay. Here are some example pairs of thesis statements. but they are not in parallel form. The first statement is a weak example and the second statement is a strong example. it reinforces the similarity between ideas by using similar grammatical forms. Strong enjoyable experience. Example Growing up on a farm was safe. and play squash. weight train. The first statement is a weak example and the second statement is a strong example. Poor example: This essay will explain the benefits of having our new fitness centre. over-used. general topic. phrases. and Explanation: The first statement lists the three points in the essay. a cavity filled. Ex 3: Broad Topic: School uniforms Thesis Statement Example 7 .

.. they are well behaved and quiet.... 2..... Explanation: The first statement does not have a controlling idea...................... ..... 8 ....Weak School uniforms are bad.. 1........ Fish make excellent pets because of small appetites....... Fish make excellent pets because they are small... Strong Wearing school uniforms inhibits individuality because students are not given an opportunity to express themselves... 1. PRACTICE 1: Study the following statements carefully.. if it is not a thesis statement.. well behaved and quiet.............. ....... they make excellent pets.. _____ _____ _____ _____ The advantages of majoring in engineering... when they do business. write YES in the blank. If the statement is a thesis statement..... 4.. The second statement gives a clear explanation of what the writer is going to talk about.. So you can change this sentence in the following ways.. and I was amazed at the shopping centres. computers have brought unexpected problems such as problems people face in communication..... noun adjective adjective This sentence is not parallel because there is one noun and two adjectives.... 5.... 3............ and in social life... Read the following thesis statements and correct the parallelism mistakes..... OR Because fish are economical to feed.. _____ Why do I want to be a lawyer? Parallelism in a Thesis Statement Look at the following example of a thesis statement....... they are well behaved and quiet. write NO and write the reasons why they are not thesis statements........... I would like to discuss my views on the Olympic Games. I wasn’t used to eating in fast-food places........ Students should be allowed to manage the bookstore. and it is not clear why school uniforms are bad........ Besides being beneficial in various aspects.. When I first came to the United States. PRACTICE 2: A.......

.......... ..... Finally...................... workaholics may not spend enough time in leisure activities................. ..................................................... shopping at Cevahir............................................. 5.. medical costs being very high................... ............................ learning to drive........ and health............ and dancing all night long......... ........... 4. Rewrite each paragraph.................................................... ................................................ and business.. ........................ .................. PRACTICE 3: A.............................. I think three reasons to stay at home on holiday are getting some rest........... in each or which the sentences are in incorrect order........ (3) Nowadays..................... real estate........................... to study English and friends................. She wants to go to the park...................................... (1)Therefore....... In my opinion.................. eat at Paper Moon.......................... (4) These people are serious about becoming successful................... 1................. and that the family suffers..... Then add each sentence in correct order....................... .............................. 3.............................................. many men and women work in law............... (3) Getting a driver’s license is a 9 .............................................. ..................... Euthanasia should be legalized because patients have no chance of recovery.. (1)Therefore....... ...................... (2) In addition.. from the next most general to the least general.... accounting...... taking the written test......................................... Read the following introductory paragraphs.. mankind benefits a lot from technological developments especially for his health and to socialize with his friends.. write the thesis statement last................. ............................... .............................. workaholics’ lifestyles can affect their families. social lives................... anyone who wants to drive must carry a driver’s license.... 2. ....................... ..... they work long hours during the week and even on weekends........................................................................................................................... (2) It is divided into four steps: studying the traffic laws................. .................” _______________________________________________________________________________ 2........................................ beginning with the most general statement first........ so they are called “workaholics............................ and taking the driving test.

DVDs. CDs. independent individuals.complicated process. which allow companies to pollute the environment. Topic: Do you think mobile phones are beneficial to our lives? Many kinds of hi-tech devices have appeared over the past few decades we have seen the invention of the television. However. hairstyles. 1. ________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. and skills a teacher needs are now very different. and of course some of the worst pollution exists in the poorer countries of the world. and it is also a special privilege. (2) Teenagers express their separateness most vividly in their choice of clothes. Nonetheless. (1) During this period. Try to write a thesis statement for each of them. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 10 . the relationship between student and teacher has changed. computers. (4) Driving a car is a necessity in today’s busy society. A teacher was a powerful figure and the most important thing was to let the students know that he was powerful. led televisions. Topic: What makes a good teacher? In the past teachers merely needed to be strong. If a student did anything wrong or made a mistake. (3) The teenage years between childhood and adulthood are a period of growth and separation. Read the introductory paragraphs from different essay. but the quantity of production and consumption in the United States causes incredible damage. _____________________________________________________________________________ B. over the last thirty years or so. Topic: Is there a solution for pollution? Pollution exists all over the world. It may have better laws than China or Russia. ________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. Russia is famous for its ancient factories and China is equally famous for its loose environmental laws. it is a fact that the United States causes more pollution than any other country. digital cameras. children detach themselves from their parents and become separate. VCR players. All of these have changed our lives in many new and exciting ways. the Internet and other important technological devices. music. and vocabulary. a teacher needed to punish him.

2. being bilingual is purely linguistic one. and it repeats the thesis sentence in different words. Each of these paragraphs has a topic sentence and supporting sentences. Example: Thesis statement: I am inclined to believe that being bilingual brings many benefits.  It signals the end of the essay. bilingualism can contribute to global awareness. Example: Thesis statement: 11 . Body 2 Topic sentence: Secondly. A summary of the main points or a restatement of the thesis statement in different words. THE CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH: The conclusion is the last paragraph of the essay.  It leaves the reader with the writer’s final thoughts on the subject. Body 1 Topic sentence: For one thing. You final thoughts on the subject. Each of the body paragraph supports the thesis statement. Just as the introductory paragraph has parts.THE BODY: The body of the essay is made up of one or more paragraphs.  It summarizes the main points. the concluding paragraph has two parts: 1. It does three things. Body 3 Topic sentence: Finally. The first sentence of the concluding paragraph begins with a concluding transition signal as below in the table. Concluding sentence is always the first sentence of the concluding paragraph. speaking a second langauge allows people to experience another culture.

television may be a bad influence on children for three main reasons. you may write your comments on the subjects of your essay. c. In conclusion. In conclusion. In conclusion. a. television is bad for everyone. Computers have made communicating and doing businesses faster and more convenient. In conclusion. their listening and speaking skills have not improved. Such skills are not to be afraid of speaking. However. PRACTICE 4: A. the computer age has arrived. and help you to change your environment toward your own thoughts and beliefs. television is not good. 2. Final thoughts In this part. their progress in school can be affected. 3. and listen while you are not speaking. if children watch too much television or watch the wrong programs. In conclusion. learning to read and write English is difficult. and they have greatly increased our access to information. In conclusion. In conclusion. a. everyone should practice speaking English more. I have effective communication skills.Personal computers have especially revolutionized communication and business practices in the past twenty years by expanding our ability to communicate with outside world and by enabling us to do business from home. do not add any new ideas in the conclusion because it is the end of the essay. b. The purpose of this essay is to discuss four important skills that will help you communicate effectively. effective communication is necessary for everyone. allow you to let other people express themselves. Furthermore. b. b. Example: 12 . 1. In conclusion. c. c. In fact. This is the place to express your opinion. effective communication will help you to express yourself better. In conclusion. Choose the best concluding sentence for the thesis statements. and it is changing our lives. make a judgement or give a recommendation. because students do not speak English enough. always defend what you want to say. their personalities can be harmed. It is believed that the greatest problem in learning English is oral communication. Concluding sentence: In brief. a. express exactly what you mean to say.

abortion should be decided by the women’s families. I think that the effects of an abortion can be very sad for everyone involved. PRACTICE 5: A. social and political. Therefore. it will also be a huge step for the development of mankind as well as the technology. In conclusion. However. television can also take over our lives if we do not know when to turn it off. smokers on the job make it uncomfortable for their co-workers. There are many reasons why women should not have an abortion. Therefore. Read the following conclusions. I like to watch about four hours of television every night. 1. a. violence on television can have a very negative effect on children because they cannot separate make-believe* from the real world. a. Circle the letter of the most appropriate final thought for each one. Therefore. 2. I believe that women should not have an abortion. Notice the transition signals that introduce the writer’s final thoughts. free entertainment that the whole family can enjoy. 3. b. However. if people go on finding out new places. c. they should stop smoking on the job. smoking is bad for everyone’s health. c. we must not watch television at the expense of other activities. television provides many hours of good. a. c. Final thought: I think. there are several reasons for explorations. smokers should smoke outside the workplace only. if smokers want to get along with their co-workers and improve their work performance. b. both for the woman who has the abortion and for the family who lives with her b. In conclusion. APPENDIX Form Coordinators Subordinators Transitions 13 .Concluding sentence: To me. In fact. Therefore. In fact. they are less productive on the job than non-smokers. furthermore. which can be scientific.

First.Link independent clauses within a sentence.during And 14 . Do not use a comma when the dependent clause is at the end of the sentence: When the transition connects two independent clauses. a semi-colon comes before it and a comma follows it: I finished my work after I ate lunch. Link sentences within a paragraph. After I ate lunch. Function Function Coordinators Subordinators Transitions Before Afterward(s) At first Initially As As long as Meanwhile Meantime Showing time: . I finished my work. Punctuation Coordinators Subordinators Transitions Use a comma before a coordinator: When the dependent clause is at the beginning of the sentence. and I finished my work. Then. I ate lunch. I ate lunch.beginning . I finished my work. Link independent clauses within a sentence. I finished my work. afterwards. Link an independent clause with a dependent clause or phrase within a sentence. it should be followed by a comma: When the transition begins the sentence. it should be followed by a comma: I ate lunch.

At the same time (as) Every time Since So long as The first / second / next / last time When Whenever While .ending By the time Till Until Simultaneously Eventually Finally Function Coordinators Subordinators Transitions Showing a sequence And After As soon as Ever since Following Later Once Next Subsequently Then Thereafter First Firstly Initially To begin Next Second Secondly Then Third Thirdly Finally Last Lastly Showing conclusion So Showing But In all In summation In summary In conclusion To conclude Although By comparison 15 .

. that Transitions Accordingly As a result Consequently 16 ..... nor Either . or Yet Despite Even though In spite of Instead of Though Whereas While Showing similarity Neither . resulting in So . then ... or In other words Likewise Similarly Adding information And Additionally Also Besides Further Furthermore In addition Moreover Adding example By contrast Conversely However In contrast Instead Nevertheless Nonetheless On the contrary On the other hand Otherwise For example For instance In particular Function Coordinators Subordinators Showing cause For As a result of Because Due to (the fact that) In order to Resulting from Since Showing effect So (If) ...contrast Either ....

. then Showing condition Hence Therefore Thus Even if If .playing games like ... then In case Provided that Providing Unless Whether or not PART II EXTRA PRACTICE LET’S START WRITING AN OPINION ESSAY! A. Wikipedia The answer: NO!is a Why not? The Internet medium Twitter Skype. . Study the information about the Internet Censorship and write an outline.Facebook & ...sharing videos & listening to music . to search for necessary search engines like Google&Yahoo Topic: Should the Internet be censored or not? Discuss.Gtalk. 17 to have fun. &Yahoo messenger Here are reasons! tothe communicate with others.information..

............................................................. Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: .................................................... 4.. Thesis statement:............................................................................................................................ .............................. ............... 18 ................. ...Details ................. ........................................................................................................................... 5............................................................................................................ .......................................... 3...................... ...................... Concluding sentence: ... ..................................................... .................................................... ......... 2...........OUTLINE: 1............................................................. .................................................... ..................................................................................... .................................. .......................................................................................................................................................... ................................................. ..... Body Paragraph 3 Topic Sentence: .......................................... Body Paragraph 2 Topic Sentence: ......Details ...................................Details ............................................................................

................................. 4... sharing files........................... In other words..... .. so it should not be restricted......................... 3. 7.............. 1........................... The Internet is a nice medium to connect with the entire world............. even for free.............................the websites where they can download ............ Skype....................... That is why many people have been arguing whether the Internet should be censored or not........... There are a wide variety of uses and applications for the Internet...... some people abuse it.............. 6.......... have access to the Internet search for information a complete encyclopedia whatever they want To begin with to search engines like Google and Yahoo Body 1 ........very easily...... They can easily .......................................... C....... Complete the body paragraphs of the essay with the phrases in the box...................... Put them in the correct order narrowing down the statements..... and Yahoo Body 2 19 ........................ 5.................... entertainment... People mainly use it as a medium to connect with other people........... Also people love browsing websites like Wikipedia..... information and lots of other activities that are useful and beneficial in many terms. which only essential the for Internet..........on networking medium for connecting with friends Facebook and Twitter for communication Gtalk.......... They love to browse various ..many people use ....................... 2........ ....... to know about any information they need.................. The sentences in the introductory paragraph of the essay about the Internet Censorship are mixed up....... it is the fastest way of being aware of what is going on around the globe...... Despite the opposition...........................Secondly social isnot ... However.......OOOPS! B.. I definitely agree with the idea that the government should not censor it for mainly three reasons........................

........................ Start you sentence using a signal word ‘Therefore’ and write your final comment with the expression ‘we should always keep it in mind that............ ................ and watch films without paying any money ............... to play games like backgommon........................... 20 ............................... Use a signal word of contrast... ................................ They can .................. Use the following prompts to write the concluding paragraph of the essay. ................................... people use the Internet ................................. to get rid of their loneliness or boredom spend most of their time prefer the Internet for fun Last but not least Body 3 ........................ Use a signal word to start writing the concluding sentence...................................communicating with friends and family members.......................... scrabble............................................................. .... Continue the same sentence using ‘I am firmly convinced that......................... Even elderly people ................ 2......................... 4........................................... Use the structures ‘it helps people to(infinitive)..........................talk to each other ..... and it enables many people to(infinitive)...................................................................’ and make a suggestion........... It provides an important ............. Moreover........................ Your suggestion must be about ‘how much powerful the Internet has been of all ages....... .............. and have fun....... Today many children and young people ................ and listen to music to enjoy themselves....................................................................................... people get in touch with each other through various Internet services such as .’ ..................... messenger......................................... .........................................................................................are the most popular ones and they are heavily consumed by users................................................... Restate the thesis mentioning the counter idea that the Internet should be limited.............................................. on the Internet to play games................................ the Internet is used ........................................... A........................... 1.........’and summarize your reasons one by one..................... send messages through these services on the Internet......... 3...........which is .......................................................... share videos...............

............... While some people believe that animal testing should be done.... - they can suffer from a lot of pain tremendously.... others believe testing on animals is morally wrong................ HERE IS ANOTHER TASK ! A........... 21 ......... but they cannot tell the scientist that they don’t want to be tested on..... there are many groups and organizations debating whether animals should be used for experimentation of medicine or not............... Read the ideas given below about animal testing for medical purposes.................. Animal testing should be banned because. You can use the ideas given below or you are free to use your own ideas... In the world............ - it is cruel and inhumane treatment............ - it can cause animal extinction......... ... Animal testing because........... - they are living creatures...... - should be done animals share many features with humans....................... - it has manynegative side effects on animals....... Some also feel that there are other alternative ways to make experiments for medicine.............. Write an essay and give your opinion about this issue.............

..................................... ............. 22 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Write an outline for your essay........ Decide whether you are against or for ‘Animal Testing for Medical Purposes’ and brainstorm in the following box using the ideas given in Part A or your own ideas................................................................... ...................................................................................................... .... ............... - it is much more inhumane to test new medicine on children or adults......- people’s lives are more precious than animals’....... Details: ..................................................................... - it is cheap........................................................... Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence:...... B......... ................ ........................................................... C..................... Outline Thesis Statement:.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ..........

. ..................................................................................................................................... Body Paragraph 3 Topic Sentence:..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......... Details: ........................................................Body Paragraph 2 Topic Sentence:.............................. 23 .................... ....................................... Concluding Sentence: ...... ................ ................. ...... Details: ........................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................... ..................................................................................................................

............................................. 24 ...................................................................................................... ............... ............................................................................................................................. ........................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................. ........................................................................................................................................ ............................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .................................... ................................................................................................................ Write an opinion essay about animal testing for medical purposes.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .............................................D.......... ......... .................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................. ............................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................................... ..................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ......... .................................... ............................................... ........................................................................................................................................................ ................................. .................................. ............................................... ..............................................

......................................................................................................................... .. ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......... ............................. ............................................................................................................................... ................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................. ............. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................... ............................ .... ............... ................................................ ................................................................ .................................................................................................................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................... ........ ..................................................................................................... ............................. ................................................................................. ............................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 25 ............................. ........................................................ ....................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................ ................................................................ ...................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................. ........................ ...................................... Brainstorming: Outline: Thesis Statement:........................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 26 ............................................................................................................ HERE IS THE FINAL TASK ! ‘Tourism plays an important role in a country’s economy....................................................................... ....’ Do you agree? Discuss the idea and write an opinion essay of about 250 words................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................................

................................................................................................. Concluding Sentence: ............................................................................................. ............................................................................... Body Paragraph 2 Topic Sentence:........................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... Details: ............................................................................. 27 .................................................................................................... .................................................... Body Paragraph 3 Topic Sentence:...................................................... .................................................................................................. .......................................................... Details: .......... ............................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ .......... Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence:. ............ ................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Details: .................................................................................................................. .................................................. .....................

................................ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ....... ........................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 28 ................................................................................................................................................... ... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .... ...................................................... ......................... ............................ ...................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................. ........ ....... ........................................................................................................ ................................................. . .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................... ................................................... ..................................................................................................... ......................................................................... ............................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................. ............................................................ ... ...............................

.................................................................................... ........................................................................................................ .............................. ............................................................................................... ................................ ............................................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... ....... ........................................................................................................................................................... 29 ................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................................................................... ............................................................ .................................................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ............................ ......... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................. ...................... ....................................................................................... ................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................. ........................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................ .............................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

30 .