UN’s Millennium Declaration

At its Fifty-Fifth session, the UN General Assembly on 8th September, 2000 adopted the UN
Millennium Declaration. It raised concern for a variety of aspects affecting the world body, and
made the world community realize that they have got a collective responsibility to uphold the
principles of human dignity, equality, and equity at the global level. Amongst other things the
Declaration pledged to work for the protection of our common environment. The declaration is
divided into eight sections and has set out certain fundamental values which are essential for
international relations. ‘Respect for nature’ is one such fundamental value. On this point the
declaration says that “prudence must be shown in the management of all living species and
natural resources, in accordance with the precepts of sustainable development. Only in this way
can be immeasurable riches provided to us by nature, be preserved and passed on to our
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) includes 8 goals, 18 targets & over 40 indicators. It
has significantly focused the work of the UN. The UN strategy for the MDG includes:

The Millennium project, which analyses policy options and will develop a plan of


implementation for achieving the MDG.
The Millennium Campaign, which mobilizes political support for the Millennium


Declaration among developed and developing countries.
Country-level monitoring of progress towards achieving the MDG.
Operational country-level activities, coordinated across agencies through the UN
Development Group, which helps individual countries to implement policies
necessary for achieving the MDG.

Section IV which deals with environment declares under the caption “protecting our common
environment” that:
“We must spare no effort to free all of humanity, and above all our children & grandchildren,
from the threat of living on a planet irredeemably spoilt by human activities, and whose
resources would no longer be sufficient for their needs”.

therefore. we resolve:  To make every effort to ensure the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol. which promote both  equitable access and adequate supplies.We resolve. To press for the full implementation of the convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention to Combat Desertification in those countries experiencing serious Drought or  Desertification. preferably by the tenth anniversary of the UN conference on Environment and Development in 2002. To ensure free access to information on the human genome sequence. To intensify cooperation to reduce the number and effects of natural and manmade  disasters. To stop the unsustainable exploitation of water resources by developing water management strategies at the regional. particularly in Africa. to adopt in all our environment actions a new ethic of conservation and stewardship & as first steps. conservation and sustainable  development of all types of forests. To intensify our collective efforts for the management. national and local levels.  and to embark on the required reduction in emissions of green house gases. .