DEGREES OF COMPARISON

Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.
There are three Degrees of Comparison in English:
1. Positive degree.
2. Comparative degree.
3. Superlative degree.
1.POSITIVE DEGREE.
When we speak about only one person or thing,We use the Positive degree.
Examples:
• This house is big. (In this sentence only one noun “The house” is talked about.)
• He is a tall student.
• This flower is beautiful.
• He is an intelligent boy.
Each sentence mentioned above talks about only one noun.
2.COMPARATIVE DEGREE.
When we compare two persons or two things with each other, we use both the Positive degree and
Comparative degree.
Examples:
a. This house is bigger than that one. (Comparative degree)
This house is not as big as that one. (Positive degree)
The term “bigger” is comparative version of the term “big”.
Both these sentences convey the same meaning.
b. This flower is more beautiful than that. (Comparative)
This flower is not as beautiful as that. (Positive)
The term “more beautiful” is comparative version of the term “beautiful”.
c. He is more intelligent than this boy. (Comparative)
He is not as intelligent as this boy. (Positive)
The term “more intelligent” is comparative version of the term “intelligent”.
3.SUPERLATIVE DEGREE:
When we compare more than two persons or things with one another, we use all the three Positive,
Comparative and Superlative degrees.

Clinton speaks most effectively.. c.Examples: a.. by getting “est” after them.biggest Tall…………….most enjoyable Useful……………….more beautiful...bigger…………….hardest Big………………. (Comparative) No other flower in this garden is as beautiful as this one. (Comparative) No other house in this street is as big as this one.most beautiful Effective………. NOTE: *Degrees of Comparison are applicable only to Adjectives and Adverbs* *Nouns and verbs do not have degrees of comparisons* He is the tallest student in the class.. (Comparative) No other boy is as intelligent as this boy. (Superlative) He is more intelligent than other boys in the class. He is the most intelligent in this class... (Comparative) The term “most beautiful” is the superlative version of the term “beautiful”.....most honest Qualified…………more qualified…………most qualified Few adjectives and adverbs get their Comparative forms by simply getting “er” after them and their superlative terms.. This is the biggest house in this street. This flower is the most beautiful one in this garden.more useful……….more enjoyable………. Examples: Hard……………..taller……………tallest . by getting “most” before them..more effective………most effective Effectively………more effectively………. b. (Superlative) This flower is more beautiful than any other flower in this garden... Mr.most useful Different………...most effectively Enjoyable………….... (Superlative) This house is bigger than any other house in this street.. (“effectively” is an adverb) Few adjectives and adverbs get their Comparative forms by simply getting “more” before them.. And their superlative terms.more honest…………. (The term “tallest” is an adjective) Among the members of the group. Examples: Beautiful. (Positive) The term “most intelligent” is superlative version of the term “intelligent”. (Positive) The term “biggest” is the superlative version of the term “big”. All the three sentences mean the same meaning...more different…………most different Honest……….harder…………….

happier beautiful .more beautiful The following adjectives are exceptions to this rule:  'good' becomes 'better'  'bad' becomes 'worse'  'far' becomes 'farther' or 'further' EXERCISES: Choose the correct comparative 1. big . longer. most building. (hard. Rose is a beautiful flower.Long………………longer………………longest Short…………….shortest Costly…………………costlier……………costliest Simple…………………. (tall. high .er to the end of the word. (large. The giraffe is 2. Place 'more' before the adjective. most beautiful) 8. wide . tallest) than River Yamuna.. faster. Change 'y' to 'i'. hardest) animal on the earth. taller.simpler…………. (careful. Words of two syllables or more. You should be careful) 4. River Ganga is 3. longest) when you walk on the road. fastest) 7. (beautiful. with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end. harder. smallest) . (long. smaller. and add -er to the Words of two syllables. happy . For example Add -r to the end of the word. ending in 'y'. more careful. Vatican City is the than the rose.bigger Add . not ending in 'y'. Diamond is 6. end of the word. largest) than any other substance in the world.simplest Degrees of Comparison add beauty and varieties to the sentences. Forming the Comparative: Form Rule Words of one syllable ending in 'e'. city in the world. (small. larger.higher Words of one syllable. That temple is a 5. with one vowel and one Double the consonant and add -er to consonant at the end.shorter………………. the end of the word.wider Words of one syllable. i find the lotus more beautiful. The cheetah is the than an elephant. (fast.

to) . smartest. tenderest. (hard. (so. The Lom River is more shallow) than the Iskar River. most tender) 12. easier. narrower. The cobbled streets in Old Town in Veliko Tarnovo are in Old Town in Plovdiv. more than Mila. (easy. most large) 3. harder. I like the Armenian best. (so. more easy) meat I have ever eaten. modernest. I find it . an older. later. at the seaside. (old. more than that one. than. easiest. more narrow) 7. in Bulgaria than in Turkey. more late) 17. the oldest) city in Bulgaria. Three Programs in One Classroom is my book. more extend. tenderer. most popular) 10. larger. English is 11. (last. This poem is than Ruskin Bond's books. most modern) 13. (extending. latest) Randall Baker’s book translated into Bulgarian. older. Our condominium in downtown Sofia is big as yours in Tsarevo. a more old) . largest. The town of Ahtopol is not as attractive the town of Sozopol. Bulgaria is an 2. to) 18. My nephew works in an office building which is moderner. oldest. the Bankya Spa Palace is the friendliest. This is the vacation in Sinemorets. more than German. Sofia is the European state founded in 681. The Boyana Church is oldest. extendable) 9. I am planning to write a book with travel notes about the countries I have been to. as. most elegant. (more elegant. Violeta is 60 and Leda is 88. more smart) 15. Violeta is old) 14. (younger. 8. (an old. latest. (popularer. (narrow. than Leda.(friendly. older. popularest. Bulgariana is the more late. hardest) Choose the correct comparative 1. Turkish coffee is popular. elegantest.9. (smart. latter. oldest. I find Dickens' books wonderful. Of the two spa hotels. most friendly) 4. than. (later. smarter. 5. (modern. (large. Of the three coffee grinders. shallower. This year we are taking an extended. (wonderful. the most elegant) 16. narrowest. shallowest. 6. (tender. church in Mount Vitosha near Sofia. most wonderful) 10. (shallow. as. Vera is than the streets than ours. the friendlier.