Efficient Irrigation via “Smart” Control

Rick Foster
Sr. Product Manager

The World’s Water Crisis

There is no new water.

Current Water Issues
• The cost of water & power is rising annually
• As the population grows, limited water sources strain to
keep up with demand = DROUGHT
• In many cities, water delivery systems were designed to
service a much smaller number of people than is required
today = INFRASTRUCTURE IS STRAINED
• Irrigation is one the most visible forms of water use
and is usually the first to be regulated in a drought
or water shortage condition

Current Water Issues
• A recent report on the irrigation industry stated that
automatic irrigation systems are one of the largest
causes of over-watering:
– The controller on the typical irrigation system is adjusted an
average of 1-1/2 times per year and many are never adjusted
– Controllers are typically set to apply the peak irrigation
requirement of the year
– The average automatic irrigation system applies 2 to 3 times
the amount of water required by the landscape

Current Water Issues • Current politics of irrigation: – Water bans & restrictions – Tiered water rates – Lawn size and landscape restrictions – Mandatory irrigation audits – Mandatory “smart” controllers – Water-efficient product rebates .

The need to deliver superior results with less water creates exciting new business opportunities. As the industry leader in water-efficient irrigation. . Rain Bird can help your business thrive.

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts 1. Management Allowed Depletion (MAD) – Proven Method of Irrigation Scheduling . Evapotranspiration – Plant Water Need Based on Changing Weather Conditions 2.

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Evaporation .

After absorbing water from the ground.Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Plant Transpiration Transpiration is the process by which plants return water to the atmosphere. plants release water through their leaves. in the same way perspiration keeps humans and animals cool. . Transpiration helps plants stay cool.

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Evapotranspiration (ETo) • Loss of water from vegetation though the combined processes of soil evaporation and plant transpiration .

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Weather Factors That Influence The ETo Amount • Temperature • Wind • Humidity • Solar Radiation .

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Historical ETo by Month .

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts .

NOT % remaining • MAD provides a safety buffer – Broken mains – Controller downtime – Weather variations • Varies by soil type – MAD Ranges from 35% to 50% .Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Management Allowed Depletion (MAD%) • Maximum % of Plant Available Water (PAW) taken out of soil before irrigating – % removed.

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control Key Concepts Anatomy of Soil Water Content Saturation •Water Run-off •Heavy Nutrient Loss •Root Rot Wasted Water Control Range Gravitational Water Soil Field Capacity Reservoir Plant Stress Permanent Wilt Point Plant Death Parched Plant Available Water (PAW) Management Allowed Depletion (~50% of PAW) .

IA Association SWAT website: http://irrigation.“Smart” irrigation controllers work by monitoring and using information about site conditions (such as soil moisture.org/SWAT/Industry/landscape-contractors/ . wind. plant type. rain. and applying the right amount of water to the landscape based on those factors. slope. soil. and more).

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control .

Efficient Irrigation via “SMART” Control • Climate .Based Systems –Central Control –ET Controllers • Site Data – Based Systems –Soil Moisture Sensors –Rain/Freeze Sensors .

modular.Climate-Based Systems ET Control NEW ET Manager Commercial grade retro-fit product ESP-LXM Controller with ET Cartridge Commercial grade. ET controller ESP-SMT Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller IQ/Site Control/Maxicom Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller .

modular.Climate-Based Systems ET Control NEW ET Manager Commercial grade retro-fit product ESP-LXM Controller with ET Cartridge Commercial grade. ET controller ESP-SMT Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller IQ/Site Control/Maxicom Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller .

Climate-Based Solutions Central Control Multi-Site Larger Sites. Fully-Automatic Operation Smaller Sites. Semi-Automatic Operation Maxicom2 IQ Single-Site SiteControl MDC .

Climate-Based Solutions Central Control • Maxicom2 Weather Station WS-PRO – Collects and stores weather data – Data communicated to central control – Runtimes adjusted according to daily ET and rainfall .

Climate-Based Systems ET Control NEW ET Manager Commercial grade retro-fit product ESP-LXM Controller with ET Cartridge Commercial grade. modular. ET controller ESP-SMT Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller IQ/Site Control/Maxicom Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller .

ET Manager: Where to Use it • ET Manager Indoor (ETMi): Any nonbattery operated controller in light commercial and commercial applications • ET Manager Cartridge: Any Rain Bird LX Controllers 24 .

How ET Manager Works 25 .

modular.Climate-Based Systems ET Control NEW ET Manager Commercial grade retro-fit product ESP-LXM Controller with ET Cartridge Commercial grade. ET controller ESP-SMT Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller IQ/Site Control/Maxicom Residential or Light Commercial Smart Controller .

Rain Bird ESP-SMT Smart Modular Control System “ESP” – Extra Simple Programming Continues the legacy of the Rain Bird ESP family that customers have embraced due to its “ease of use” and high quality combined with “SMT” – Smart Modular Technology Uses proven scientific principles to automatically optimize the irrigation schedule in order to maintain healthy plant material .

Rain Bird ESP-SMT Smart Modular Control System ESP-SMT Smart Control System Comprised of: 1. ESP-SMT Smart Modular Controller . On-Site ESP-SMT Weather Sensor 2.

Rain Bird ESP-SMT Smart Modular Control System Key “Smart” Features • On-site weather sensor • Rain Measurement Capabilities • Automatic "Cycle and Soak" • Irrigation Schedule optimizing using "MAD" Approach • Separate Grow-In and Established Modes • Default or Custom/Advanced Mode .

by Month • Solar Radiation Calculation Zone Specific Parameters • Soil Type / Slope • Sprinkler Type – Applic. Rate • Plant Type •Species Factor •Root Depth • Plant Density • Shade factor . by Month • Wind Speed Avg.Rain Bird ESP-SMT Smart Modular Control System How the System Works… + Site Specific •Temperature • Rainfall Shut-off • Rainfall Measurement + Zip Code Specific • Humidity Avg.

Site Data .Based Systems Rainfall and Freeze Sensors NEW Rain Check Rain Sensor RSD Wired Rain Sensor WR2 Wireless Rain/Freeze Sensor .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Features and Benefits Available as: ƒ Rain Sensor ƒ Rain Freeze Sensor Benefits of the WR2: 9 Installs Faster 9 Easier to Use 9 Superior Reliability .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Installs Faster LCD screen displays all your settings at a glance SignalTemperature Strength Rainfall Set Points Levels Levels and Setand Points Battery Life Programmable irrigation modes .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Installs Faster Shows signal strength on the controller interface AND the sensor .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Installs Faster • WR2’s mounting bracket easily mounts on walls or gutters .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Easier to Use and Superior Control ƒ Six rainfall set points between 1/8” and 1/2” inch ƒ Rainfall adjustment is important depending on your soil type ƒ “Quick Shut Off” feature .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Easier to Use and Superior Control ƒ Three adjustable temperature set points ƒ Why is adjustability important? .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Easier to Use ƒ Antennas are contained within the sensor and controller interface ƒ Homeowners will prefer this neat look compared with external wire antennas Rain Bird’s WR2 .

Rain Bird’s WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor Superior Reliability ƒ Signals are updated every 45 seconds ƒ Overcomes most line of sight restrictions for freedom in sensor placement ƒ Communication distance of up to 700 feet line-ofsight .

Based Systems Soil Moisture Sensor NEW SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor Add-on device that makes any controller “smart” .Site Data .

SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor Overview • Add-on device that turns any standard controller into a “smart” controller • Typical water savings of 40% or more • Advanced sensor technology provides accurate soil moisture readings even as soil conditions change .

SMRT-Y Primary Function SMRT-Y Controller Interface Unit Controller Valves …. SMRT-Y Moisture Sensor .

Single Sensor Feedback Systems Sensor Location • Choose a full-sun location • Avoid low spots where water typically collects • Avoid high spots where drainage may not be representative of the site • Avoid locations exposed to heavy foot traffic • Avoid location near hard-scapes • Avoid locations which are irrigated by more than one zone .

below the surface 3) Connect the sensor to the nearest valve .Simplified Sensor Installation 1) Select a location for the sensor 2) Install the sensor 3 to 5 in.

Setting the Moisture Threshold • Set Manually – Use average value of the site’s Management Allowable Depletion (MAD) – Calculate 80% of the known or estimated field capacity • Use the SMRT-Y Auto-set feature .

Watering History • Displays the last seven watering cycles • A drop appears if watering was allowed • “Today” indicates the most recent cycle • Watering history updates 30 minutes after the last cycle .

University of Florida Study: 45%-73% Water Savings Legend Rainfall Control WR2 SMS1 SMS2 + WR2 • Controller scheduled to irrigate 2 days per week • Less than normal rainfall during test period • Expect even greater savings when…. – Higher rain fall during test period – Irrigation > 2 days/week .

Questions? .