36 views

Uploaded by Anonymous 7VPPkWS8O

In this paper, we introduce a Fuzzy Transportation Problem (FTP) in which the values of transportation costs are
represented as hexagonal fuzzy numbers. We use the Best candidate method to …Full description

save

- One Dimensional Heat Conduction BTCS Matlab Program
- Influence Maximization in Complex Networks Through Optimal Percolation
- Block Stacking Problem
- 10.1.1.153
- mingbo
- 06-Fuzzy Set Theory
- Computer Science - Syl
- MATLAB IN FEM.pdf
- Pallin Drome
- 4
- Transportation Problem ES
- Or e Hand Book 2017-18-Dr. Sitaram
- Comp Lab Exam Qn Paper
- Matlab3
- ENP301_09Lec7 [Compatibility Mode]
- Chen 2012
- Introduction Session on OR
- ByrneACLAbook0
- IIT JEE Syllabus
- MATLAB Session 1
- ECE1250S14_M3LectProbs
- lemh1ps
- MATH1310 Course Outline
- Desing and Development of Fuzzy Expert Systeem
- 3439BTECH
- 438471
- Matlab Problem 4
- 2DTransforms
- 6-Approximate-Reasoning.ppt
- Case Tests GA
- A Survey on Skin Cancer Detection System
- The Experimental Behavior Researches of the Reinforced Concrete Beams Bending Stressed By Short – Time Load
- Survey on Different Methods of Digital Audio Watermarking
- Overlapped Fingerprint Separation for Fingerprint Authentication
- Light Weight Concrete with Full Replacement for Fine and Partial Replacement for Coarse Aggregate
- Intelligent controlled UPQC for power quality improvement of grid supply connected with non-linear load
- Inland Surface Water Analysis: A comparative study and their Environmental Impacts in Haryana
- BUID: A key for Integrated Core Financial System
- N-alkylation methods, Characterization and Evaluation of antibacterial activity of some Novel 5-Chloroisatin Derivatives
- Highly Deformable Energy-Dissipating Reinforced Concrete Elements in Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures
- Effect of wrist abduction on force applied and response time during touch screen mobile phone use
- Regional Scale Modelling of Solid Waste Flow in Storm Drains of Urban Cities: The Case Study of the Abiergué Watershed
- Projection of future Temperature and Precipitation for Jhelum river basin in India using Multiple Linear Regression.
- Design of 32-bit Floating Point Unit for Advanced Processors
- Cloud Computing and Security Issues
- L0706047175.pdf
- Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Some Novel 5-Chloroisatin Derivatives
- N0706048588.pdf
- Rice Transplanting Machine
- I0706045861.pdf
- H0706045257.pdf
- A Mathematical model for Impact of citalopram on the HPA system and combined DEX/CRH test in 30 unipolar depressed patients.
- Internet Of Things: Architecture,Issues and Applications
- An Improved Personal Security System
- K706046670.pdf
- Cooperative Communication for Multi-Hop Routing in ZigBee Network
- J0706046265.pdf
- Multi-Hop Routing Cooperative Communication for Improving Throughput in IEEE 802.11x Wireless LAN
- Q070604106112.pdf
- M0706047684.pdf

**Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
**

ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 2, (Part - 4) February 2016, pp.76-81

RESEARCH ARTICLE

www.ijera.com

OPEN ACCESS

**Solving Transportation Problems with Hexagonal Fuzzy
**

Numbers Using Best Candidates Method and Different Ranking

Techniques

Dr. M. S. Annie Christi, Mrs. Malini. D,

Department of Mathematics, Providence College for Women, Coonoor.

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we introduce a Fuzzy Transportation Problem (FTP) in which the values of transportation costs are

represented as hexagonal fuzzy numbers. We use the Best candidate method to solve the FTP. The Centroid

ranking technique is used to obtain the optimal solution.

Keywords:Fuzzy transporation problem, Hexagonal fuzzy number, Best candidate method and centroid

ranking.

I. PRELIMINARIES:

1.1. Definition (Fuzzy set [FS]):[8] [3]

Let X be a nonempty set . A fuzzy set Ã of X is defined as Ã = {(x,𝜇𝐴 (𝑥))/𝑥 ∈ 𝑋} where 𝜇𝐴 (𝑥) is called

the membership function which maps each element of X to a value between 0 and 1.

1.2. Definition (Fuzzy Number [FN]):[8]

A fuzzy number is a generalization of a regular real number and which does not refer to a single value but

rather to a connected a set of possible values, where each possible value has its weight between 0 and 1. This

weight is called the membership function.

A fuzzy number is a convex normalized fuzzy set on the real line R such that:

• There exist at least one 𝑥 ∈ 𝑅with 𝜇𝐴 (𝑥) = 1

• 𝜇𝐴 (𝑥) is piecewise continuous

1.3. Definition (Triangular fuzzy numbers [TFN]): [8]

For a triangular fuzzy number A(x), it can be represented by A (a, b, c; 1) with the membership function

μ(x) is given by

(𝑥−𝑎)

(𝑏−𝑎)

,a≤x≤b 𝜇

𝑥 =1

(𝑐−𝑥)

(𝑐−𝑏)

0

, x= b

,c≤x≤d

, otherwise

**1.4. Definition (Trapezoidal fuzzy numbers [TrFN]): [8]
**

A Fuzzy number A͂ defined on the universal set of real numbers R denoted as A͂ = (a, b, c, d; 1) is said to be

a trapezoidal fuzzy number if its membership function 𝜇𝐴 = (x) is given by

(𝑥−𝑎)

,a≤x≤b

(𝑏−𝑎)
𝜇𝐴

(𝑥) =

(𝑑−𝑥)

(𝑑−𝑐)

0

1

,b≤x≤c

,c≤x≤d

, otherwise

www.ijera.com

76|P a g e

**Dr. M. S. Annie Christi Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
**

ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 2, (Part - 4) February 2016, pp.76-81

www.ijera.com

**1.5. Definition (Hexagonal fuzzy numbers [HFN]): [5] [8]
**

A Fuzzy number AH is denoted by AH = (a1 , a 2 , a 3 , a 4 , a 5 , a 6 ) where a1 , a 2 , a 3 , a 4 , a 5 and a 6 the real numbers

and its membership function are given below:

**2. RANKING OF HEXAGONAL FUZZY NUMBER: [7] [9]
**

The parametric methods of comparing fuzzy numbers, especially in fuzzy decision making theory are more

efficient than non-parametric methods. Cheng’s centroid point method [6], Chu and Tsao’smethod [7],

Abbasbandy and Assady’s[1] sign-distance method was all non-parametric and was applicable only for normal

fuzzy numbers. The non-parametric methods for comparing fuzzy numbers have some drawbacks in practice.

A͂cis a scaling of fuzzy number defined by

3√3

A͂c =

4

(𝑎1 + 𝑎3 +𝑎6 ) k + (𝑎2 + 𝑎4 +𝑎5 ) 1-k

**3. THE BEST CANDIDATES METHOD (BCM) HAS THE FOLLOWING SOLUTION
**

STEPS: [1][2]

Step1:

Prepare the BCM matrix. If the matrix unbalanced, we balance it and don't use the added row or column

candidates in our solution procedure.

Step2:

Select the best candidates that are for minimizing problems to the minimum cost, and maximizing profit to

the maximum cost. Therefore, this step can be done by electing the best two candidates in each row. If the

candidate repeated more than two times, then the candidate should be elected again. As well as, the columns

must be checked such that if it is not have candidates so that the candidates will be elected for them. However, if

the candidate is repeated more than one time, the elect it again.

Step3:

Find the combinations by determining one candidate for each row and column, this should be done by

starting from the row that have the least candidates, and then delete that row and column. If there are situations

that have no candidate for some rows or columns, then directly elect the best available candidate. Repeat Step 3

by determining the next candidate in the row that started from. Compute and compare the summation of

candidates for each combination. This is to determine the best combination that gives the optimal solution.

4. PROPOSED METHOD: [1][2]

In this study, we proposed a new solving method for transportation problems by using BCM. The proposed

method must operate the as following:

Step1:

We must check the matrix balance, if the total supply is equal to the total demand, then the matrix is

balanced and also apply Step 2. If the total supply is not equal to the total demand, then we add a dummy row or

www.ijera.com

77|P a g e

**Dr. M. S. Annie Christi Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
**

ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 2, (Part - 4) February 2016, pp.76-81

www.ijera.com

column as needed to make supply is equal to the demand. So the transportation costs in this row or column will

be assigned to zero.

Step2:

Appling BCM to determine the best combination that is to produce the lowest total weight of the costs,

where is one candidate for each row and column.

Step3:

Identify the row with the smallest cost candidate from the chosen combination. Then allocate the demand

and the supply as much as possible to the variable with the least unit cost in the selected row or column. Also,

we should adjust the supply and demand by crossing out the row/column to be then assigned to zero. If the row

or column is not assigned to zero, then we check the selected row if it has an element with lowest cost

comparing to the determined element in the chosen combination, then we elect it.

5. Numerical example

S1

S2

**Consider the following problem with hexagonal fuzzy numbers:
**

D1

D2

D3

Supply

(3,7,11,15,19, 24)

(3,5,7,9,10,12)

(11,14,17,21,25,30) (7,9,11,13,16,20)

(3,5,7,9,10,12)

(5,7,10,13,17,21)

(7,9,11,14,18,22)

(6,8,11,14,19,25)

S3

(7,9,11,14,18,22)

(2,3,4,6,7,9)

(5,7,8,11,14,17)

Demand

(6,9,12,15,20,25)

(6,7,9,11,13,16)

(10,12,14,16,20,24)

(9,11,13,15,18,20)

**Using the ranking given above the given transportation problem can be reduced as follows:
**

D1

D2

D3

Supply

S1

54.16

31.44

78.72

50.40

S2

31.44

44

49.23

53.91

55.20

S3

53.91

20.91

57.42

Demand

58.33

41.30

41.31

11

63.39

**From the above selected candidates we elect the best among them.
**

D1

D2

D3

Supply

31.44

9.1

78.72

50.40

41.30

0

49.23

53.91

55.20

0

41.30

S1

54.16

55.20

S2

31.44

44

54.29

S3

3.13

53.91

20.91

Demand

58.33

3.13

0

41.30

0

41.31

11

63.39

57.42

54.29

0

9.1

0

**The optimal solution using best candidate method is given as follows:
**

(31.44)*(41.30) + (78.72)*(9.1) + (31.44)*(55.20) + (53.91)*(3.13) + (41.31)*(54.29) =6161.77

www.ijera.com

78|P a g e

**Dr. M. S. Annie Christi Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
**

ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 2, (Part - 4) February 2016, pp.76-81

www.ijera.com

**6. RANKING OF HEXAGONAL FUZZY NUMBERS: [6] [5] [8]
**

6.1. Proposed centroid ranking Method:

**Fig.1 Generalized hexagonal fuzzy number
**

The centroid of a hexagonal fuzzy number is considered to be the balancing point of the hexagon

(Fig.1).Divide the hexagonal into three plane figures .These three plane figures are a Triangle ABQ, Hexagon

CDERQB and again a triangle REF respectively. The circumcenter of the centroids of these three plane figures

is taken as the point of reference to define the ranking of generalized Hexagonal fuzzy numbers. Let the centroid

of the three plane figures be G1, G2, G3, respectively.
𝑎

1 +𝑎 2 +𝑎 3 𝑤

**The centroid of the three plane figures isG1=
**

G2 =
𝑎

2 +2𝑎 3 +2𝑎 4 +𝑎 5 𝑤

,

6

2

and

3 𝑎

4 +𝑎 5 +𝑎 6 𝑤

G3 =

3

,

6

, ,

6

respectively. 𝑤

Equation of the line G1, G3 is y = and G2 does not lie on the line G1, G3. Thus G1, G2 and G3 are non collinear

6

and they form a triangle. We define the centroid 𝐺𝐴̃𝐻 (𝑥0 , 𝑦0 ) of the triangle with vertices G1, G2 and G3 of the

generalized trapezoidal fuzzy number
𝐴

̃𝐻 = (𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , 𝑎4 , 𝑎5 , 𝑎6 ; 𝑤) as
𝐺𝐴

̃𝐻 (𝑥0 , 𝑦0 ) =

2𝑎 1 +3𝑎 2 +4𝑎 3 +4𝑎 4 +3𝑎 5 +2𝑎 6 5𝑤

,

18

18

--------- (1)

**The ranking function of the generalized hexagonal fuzzy number 𝐴̃𝐻 = (𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , 𝑎4 , 𝑎5 , 𝑎6 ; 𝑤) which maps the
**

set of all fuzzy numbers to a set of real numbers is definedas:

R (𝐴̃𝐻 ) = (𝑥0 )(𝑦0 ) =

2𝑎 1 +3𝑎 2 +4𝑎 3 +4𝑎 4 +3𝑎 5 +2𝑎 6 5𝑤

18

18

------- (2)

**This is the area between the centroid of the centroids 𝐺𝐴̃𝐻 (𝑥0 , 𝑦0 ) as defined in (1) and (2) the original point.
**

The mode of the generalized hexagonal fuzzy number 𝐴̃𝐻 = (𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , 𝑎4 , 𝑎5 , 𝑎6 ; 𝑤) is defined as

1 𝑤

Mode = 0 (𝑎3 + 𝑎4 )𝑑𝑥 --------------- (3)

2

The divergence of the generalized hexagonal fuzzy number 𝐴̃𝐻 = (𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , 𝑎4 , 𝑎5 , 𝑎6 ; 𝑤) is defined as
𝑤

Divergence = 0 (𝑎6 − 𝑎1 )𝑑𝑥 -------------- (4)

The left spread of the generalized hexagonal fuzzy number 𝐴̃𝐻 = (𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , 𝑎4 , 𝑎5 , 𝑎6 ; 𝑤) is defined as

Left spread𝑙𝑠 =
𝑤

2

0

www.ijera.com

(𝑎2 − 𝑎1 )𝑑𝑥 + 𝑤 𝑤

2

(𝑎3 − 𝑎2 )𝑑𝑥

79|P a g e

**Dr. M. S. Annie Christi Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
**

ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 2, (Part - 4) February 2016, pp.76-81

www.ijera.com 𝑤 𝑙𝑠

= 0 (𝑎3 − 𝑎1 )𝑑𝑥 ----------------- (5)

The right spread of the generalized hexagonal fuzzy number 𝐴̃𝐻 = (𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , 𝑎4 , 𝑎5 , 𝑎6 ; 𝑤) is defined as
𝑤

2

Right spread 𝑟𝑠=

0

(𝑎6 − 𝑎5 )𝑑𝑥 + 𝑤 𝑤

2

(𝑎5 − 𝑎4 )𝑑𝑥 𝑟𝑠

= 𝑤

(𝑎6

0

− 𝑎4 )𝑑𝑥 ----------------- (6)

6.2. Numerical example:

Consider the following problem with hexagonal fuzzy numbers:

D1

(3,7,11,15,19, 24)

(3,5,7,9,10,12)

(7,9,11,14,18,22)

(6,9,12,15,20,25)

S1

S2

S3

Demand

D2

(3,5,7,9,10,12)

(5,7,10,13,17,21)

(2,3,4,6,7,9)

(6,7,9,11,13,16)

D3

(11,14,17,21,25,30)

(7,9,11,14,18,22)

(5,7,8,11,14,17)

(10,12,14,16,20,24)

Supply

(7,9,11,13,16,20)

(6,8,11,14,19,25)

(9,11,13,15,18,20)

**Using the ranking given above the given transportation problem can be reduced as follows:
**

D1

D2

D3

Supply

S1

3.64

2.15

5.42

3.47

S2

2.15

3.36

2.95

3.75

S3

2.95

1.42

2.82

3.96

Demand

3.96

2.84

4.38

**From the above selected candidates we elect the best among them.
**

D1

S1

0.21

3.64

D2

2.84

2.15

D3

0.42

5.42

3.75

S2

2.15

3.36

2.95

3.96

S3

2.95

1.42

Demand

3.96

0.21

0

2.84

0

2.82

Supply

3.47

3.26

0.42

0

3.75

0

3.96

0

4.38

3.98

0

**The optimal solution using best candidate method is given as follows:
**

= (3.64)(0.26)+(2.15)(2.84)+(5.42)(0.42)+(2.15)(3.75)+(2.82)(3.96) = 28.3765

7. Conclusion:

In this paper, the transportation costs, sources and demands are considered as fuzzy quantifiers which are

represented by Hexagonal fuzzy numbers. By using Best Candidate method, the numerical shows that we can

get the optimal total cost. The fuzzy transportation problem canbe transformed into crisp transportation problem

by using the centroid ranking of fuzzy numbers. This gives a way for solving various fuzzy transportation

problems in a simpler form.

www.ijera.com

80|P a g e

**Dr. M. S. Annie Christi Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
**

ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 2, (Part - 4) February 2016, pp.76-81

www.ijera.com

REFERENCE

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

[8]

[9]

**Abdallah Ahmad Hlayel, “The Best Candidates Method for Solving Optimization Problems”, Journal
**

of Computer Science, vol. 8(5),ISSN 1,549-3636, pp: 711-715, Science Publications (2012).

Abdallah Ahmad Hlayel and Mohammad A. Alia, “Solving Transportation Problems Using The Best

Candidates Method”, An International Journal (CSEIJ), Volume 2,issue 5, pp: 23-30, October (2012).

G.J. Klir and B. Yuan, Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications, Prentice-Hall,

International Inc., (1995).

A. NagoorGaniand V.N. Mohamed, “Solution of a Fuzzy Assignment Problem by Using a New

Ranking Method”, International Journal of Fuzzy Mathematical Archive,Vol. 2, and ISSN: 2320 –

3242, pp: 8-16, (2013).

Dr. G. Nirmala and R. Anju “An Application of Fuzzy quantifier in Fuzzy Transportation Problem”

International Journal of Scientific Research, volume 3, issue 12 ISSN 2277-8179, pp: 175-177,

December (2014).

P. Rajarajeswari and A.SahayaSudha “Ordering Generalized Hexagonal Fuzzy Numbers using Rank,

Mode, Divergence and Spread” IOSR Journal of Mathematics(IOSR- JM), Volume 10, Issue 3, e ISSN: 2278-5728,p-ISSN:2319-765X. Ver. II, pp: 15-22, May-Jun. (2014).

Dr. P. Rajarajeswari and M.Sangeetha “An Effect for Solving Fuzzy Transportation Problem Using

Hexagonal Fuzzy Numbers” International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 3,

Issue 6,ISSN 2001-5569, pp: 295-307,June (2015).

A.Thamaraiselvi and R.Santhi “Optimal solution of Fuzzy Transportation Problem using Hexagonal

Fuzzy Numbers” International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Volume 6(3), ISSN 40,

2229-5518, and pp: 40 – 45, March (2015).

Shugani Poonam, Abbas S. H. and Gupta V.K., “Fuzzy Transportation Problem of Triangular Numbers

with 𝜶−Cut and Ranking Technique”,IOSR Journal of Engineering, Vol. 2(5) pp: 1162-1164, (2012).

www.ijera.com

81|P a g e

- One Dimensional Heat Conduction BTCS Matlab ProgramUploaded byRoshan Shanmughan
- Influence Maximization in Complex Networks Through Optimal PercolationUploaded byAndrés Tobelem
- Block Stacking ProblemUploaded byZoob
- 10.1.1.153Uploaded bypks1969
- mingboUploaded byRohit Vyas
- 06-Fuzzy Set TheoryUploaded byCHANDRA BHUSHAN
- Computer Science - SylUploaded bymodiark
- MATLAB IN FEM.pdfUploaded bySingh Ajay
- Pallin DromeUploaded byAE06 Avionics
- 4Uploaded bysh_cs505
- Transportation Problem ESUploaded byRidho Annabil Ghazy
- Or e Hand Book 2017-18-Dr. SitaramUploaded byShaik Himam Saheb
- Comp Lab Exam Qn PaperUploaded byAshwin Dev
- Matlab3Uploaded bygego2
- ENP301_09Lec7 [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded bySaurabh Suman
- Chen 2012Uploaded byParag Naik
- Introduction Session on ORUploaded byMayank Vishnoi
- ByrneACLAbook0Uploaded byameriqo-1
- IIT JEE SyllabusUploaded byjitender8
- MATLAB Session 1Uploaded byKareena Gupta
- ECE1250S14_M3LectProbsUploaded byHidajeta Đedović
- lemh1psUploaded byRaymond Baker
- MATH1310 Course OutlineUploaded byAzri Arif
- Desing and Development of Fuzzy Expert SysteemUploaded bychinmoy_bankura
- 3439BTECHUploaded byvaavills
- 438471Uploaded byMaiman Lato
- Matlab Problem 4Uploaded byOmar Zamora
- 2DTransformsUploaded byAjit Mali
- 6-Approximate-Reasoning.pptUploaded bymikebites
- Case Tests GAUploaded byLeandro Santos

- A Survey on Skin Cancer Detection SystemUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- The Experimental Behavior Researches of the Reinforced Concrete Beams Bending Stressed By Short – Time LoadUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Survey on Different Methods of Digital Audio WatermarkingUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Overlapped Fingerprint Separation for Fingerprint AuthenticationUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Light Weight Concrete with Full Replacement for Fine and Partial Replacement for Coarse AggregateUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Intelligent controlled UPQC for power quality improvement of grid supply connected with non-linear loadUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Inland Surface Water Analysis: A comparative study and their Environmental Impacts in HaryanaUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- BUID: A key for Integrated Core Financial SystemUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- N-alkylation methods, Characterization and Evaluation of antibacterial activity of some Novel 5-Chloroisatin DerivativesUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Highly Deformable Energy-Dissipating Reinforced Concrete Elements in Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete StructuresUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Effect of wrist abduction on force applied and response time during touch screen mobile phone useUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Regional Scale Modelling of Solid Waste Flow in Storm Drains of Urban Cities: The Case Study of the Abiergué WatershedUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Projection of future Temperature and Precipitation for Jhelum river basin in India using Multiple Linear Regression.Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Design of 32-bit Floating Point Unit for Advanced ProcessorsUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Cloud Computing and Security IssuesUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- L0706047175.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Some Novel 5-Chloroisatin DerivativesUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- N0706048588.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Rice Transplanting MachineUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- I0706045861.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- H0706045257.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- A Mathematical model for Impact of citalopram on the HPA system and combined DEX/CRH test in 30 unipolar depressed patients.Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Internet Of Things: Architecture,Issues and ApplicationsUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- An Improved Personal Security SystemUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- K706046670.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Cooperative Communication for Multi-Hop Routing in ZigBee NetworkUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- J0706046265.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Multi-Hop Routing Cooperative Communication for Improving Throughput in IEEE 802.11x Wireless LANUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Q070604106112.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- M0706047684.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O