Though there is no RBC in the blood of earthwofin, yet the transport of Az takes
place through blood because
(A) Plasma contains Hb.
(B) Peritoneal fluid contains Hb.
(C) WBC contains Hb.
(D) Body-wall contains Hb.
Where is adrenal gland located in Frog ?
(A) Lateral part of Kidney.
(B) Sunk in the Kidney.
(C) Anterior part of urinary bladder.
(D) Posterior part of Kidney.
plant, offsets are found.
(A) Nephrolepis (B) Mint
(C) Oxalis
(D) Pistia
Which protease is secreted in active form ?
(A) Chymotrypsin (B) Pepsin
(C) Erepsin
(D) Trypsin
How many chambers are present in the he,art of Cockroach ?
(A) 6 chambers (B) 3 chambers (C) 10 chambers (D) 13 chambers
The tissue shown in the diagram is found in
(A) Hlpodermis, Endodermis, Pericycle and Phloem"
(B) Pericycle, Xylem, Phloem and Endodermis"
(C) Hlpodermis, Pericycle, Secondary Xylem and Phloem.
(D) Hypodermis, Pericycle, Epidermis and Phloem.








In Cockroach, for mosaic vision in
(A) 200
(B) 100

eye, how many ommatidium are present?

(c) 2000

(D) 1000

Which plant do not have Perianth

\) Pancratium





(D) Rougainvillea

Earthwonn . (B) Coeliaco mesentric artery (A) Dorsal aorta (D) Sciatic artery (C) Carotid arch 15. Name the artery which is formed by the union of 2 artenes. (B) 26th segment of. (C) Dorsi ventral leaf .9. what does this (*) symbol denote ? (A) Irregular flower (B) Staminodes (C) Incomplete flower (D) Mother axis 16.Pallisade tissue below upper epidermis. (B) To secrete more enzymes. 12. Why typhlosole is present in Earthworm ? (A) To digest the food mechanically. (B) Laterul rneristem (D) Cork cambium . Choose the correCt option (A) Interc alary meristem (C) Vascular cambium Choose the incorrect pair (A) lst segment for prifrra* meristem. In floral diagram.Pharynx and Blood glands. L0.Prostomium and mouth. What does 'X' and 'Y' together make ? (A) Bowman's capsule (B) Glomerulus (C) Blood capillary network (D) Malpighian body 14. 24. (D) l4th segment of Earthworm .Septal nephridia and Female genital pore. (D) Isobilateral leaf . (C) To absorb digested food. h the body wall of Cockroach. the epidermis is made up of (B) Columnar epithelium (A) Pseudo-stratified epithelium (D) Cuboidal epithelium (C) Squamous epithelium L3. r ? .Only spongy tissue between epidermis. of Earthworm .w. (B) Isobilateral leaf . Which organic substance is stored in the aleurone layer of Maize seed (C) Carbohydrate (D) Lipid (B) Protein (A) Vitamrn 21.Pallisade tissue below upper epidermis. (D) Oviparous and extdrnal fertilization. 18. Filum terminale is the last part of (A) Spinal cord (B) Muscle fibre (C) Vertebral column @) Nerve fibre 17.Intestinal caecum and Typhlosole. (C) 4th segment of Earthworm . 11. Which one is the correct option for Frog ? (A) Oviparous and self fertilization. Which of the following pairs is correct ? (A) Dorsi ventral leaf . For what pupose. the leaves are modified into bladder like structure Sorne Plqttg ? in. (D) To digest the food chemically. (B) Viviparous and internal fertilization.Pallisade tissue towards lower epidermis. (C) Oviparous and internal fertilization. Which tissue is absent in the underground part of plant ? (C) Collenchyna (D) Parenchyma (A) Sclerenchyma (B) Xylem 19.

Q. (A) For capturing insects.A' . Monocyte (B) (1-c). 27. collateral. (2-d). T. T 26. R. Eosinophil (c) Many lobed Nucleus 3. bicollateral. Match the following and choose the correct option. Neutrophil . What is the composition of Casparian strip ? (B) Cutin and Pectin (A) Suberin and Pectin (D) Suberin and Lignin (C) Cutin and Suberin 23. 30. T. (4-d) (C) (1-a). open and scattered vascular bundle. (P) Tibia (Q) Trochanter (R) Coxa (S) Tarsus (T) Femur (C) Q. (3-b). of Monocot stem ? (A) Conjoint.take place and what is responsible for it ? (B) Gall bladder and Lipase. collateral. Which among these is the innermost layer of Cortex ? (D) Flypodermis (A) Endodermis (B) Exodermis (C) Pericycle 28. (4-b) (D) (1-b). (C) Duodenum and Pancreatic juice. (D) Duodenum and Bile salts. Q.S. (D) For photosynthesis. (4-d) 1. 22. Polyalthea (B) Ashoka (C) Cassuarina (D) Vitis 25. Choose the correct option for the sequence of segments in the walking legs of (A) Cockroach. Which type of cells are present in human stomach muscles ? (A) Multinucleated and Spindle shaped. (A) Gall bladder and Bile salts. (C) For absorption of water. S. (2-c). @) Uninucleated and Cylindrical shaped. open and scattered vascular bundle. . R S (A) p Q. (3-a). R. PR (B) R. (3-a). (2-a). Basophil (d) Bilobed Nucleus 4. (4-b) (A) (1-d). closed and scattered vascular bundle. Which tlpe of vascular bundle would you find when you observe TS. 29.(B) For protectlon. bicollateral. @) Multinucleated and Spherical shaped.B' (a) 'S' shaped Nucleus (b) Kidney shaped Nucleus 2. (A) Rhizophora (B) Rhizobium (C) Nodule (D) Rhizopus 24.P (D) S. Name the plant having Sympodial axis. (3"c). (2-c). Name the organism present in the part marked as 'X' in the given figure. T. (C) Conjoint. (D) Conjoint. Where does emulsification. (B) Radial. closed and scattered vascular bundle. (C) Uninucleated and Spindle shaped.

gu.Sweet Potato (B) clinging root . (D) Pseudo stratified epithelium. Which digestive juice has no enzyrne? 40. Syconus. Simple true fiuit 36. Gotu has taken 2 figs in breakfast. Pome @) pome. but R is not the reason of A. pome.31.Tinospora (C) 'Suckers'. simple true fruit pome (c) simple true fruit. 12. y. (C) Brinjal (D) Caesalpinia Assertion A : Blood differs from other connective tissue. superman has been provided the following series of plants. which aperture is absent ? (A) Opening of vocal sac (B) Gullet (C) Eustachian aperture (D) Internal noskil 38. choose the correct option for the plant in which stem tendril is absent. 32. (B) It protects only the Gynoecium. which of the following option do you suggest to him? . Cicer arietinum is the scientific name of . Which tissue is not single layered ? (A) Tr*insitional epithelium. Choose the correct option in sequenc. (B) Columnar epithelium. T-he prinuuy root is short lived in (A) Mango (B) Srveet Pea (C) Wheat (D) Carrot 33. (D) Protects sepals and petals. (A) Simple true fruit. (B) A is coffect but R is wrong. (C) Attract insects for pollination. 34. He has been asked to identi$r the inflorescence type of each plant and to arrange according to the sequence. (A) cucurbita (B) Bitter gourd (c) passion flower (D) Muchlen beckia 39. (C) Both A and R are correct. Choose the incorrect pair.ding the fruit he has eaten. syconus. Syconus. At noon he has taken an apple and at evening he has taken popcorn. (C) Cuboidal epithelium.Loranthus (D) Symbiotic root . formation of the false septum is found ? (A) Parietatr (B) Basal (C) Free central (D) Axile 'Ihe 44. (A) Tuberous root . (A) Pancreatic juice (B) Intestinal juice (c) Gastric juice (o. (D) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct reason of A. In the buccal cavity of female frog. Reason R : Blood cells are not producing their own matrix tA) A is wrong but R is coffect.Bean 37. what is the fiunction of 'x' in the given diagram? (A) Protects the flower in bud stage. Multiparous cymose branching and whorled phyllotaxy are found in (A) Red Oleander (B) Mirabilis (C) Calotropis (D) Croton 35. (D) syconus. r. In which type of Placentation. eite iuice Which plant possess bracteate flower ? (A) Bougainvillea (B) Datura 41. _ (A) Chana (B) Pegion pea (C) Green gram (D) Sweet pea 43.

(4-a) . (B) P is correct and Q is wrong. Chondrocytes Stomatal apparatus . Capitulum. thin and shield-shaped cotyledon is called Scutellum. q_Cartilagelacunae.q_Lacunae. (4-d) (D) (1-b). . (2-c). (3-b). Spadix (C) Raceme.Perichondrium. Spadix Choose the correct option for 'p'. (3-d).45.A' . 49. Y of X and Y : Mechanical cell. q : Chondrocytes. (2-d). Spadix. (3-a). (4-b) (B) (1-b). 50. (A) p . Statement Q : In mono cotyledonous seed. Capitulum (B) Umbel.B' (1) Indigofera (2) Ashwagandha (3) Tulip (4) Sesbania (a) Medicines (b) Fodder (c) Dyes (d) Ornamental (A) (1-c). (C) Both P and Q are wrong. 48. (D) Both P and Q are corect. (4-d) (C) (1-c). Y: Epidermal cell (B) X Statement P : The region of embryonic axis between plumule and cotyledons is called Hypocotyl. Umbel. r46. Capitulum. choose the correct option. (A) P is wrong and Q is correct. r : Chondrin (C)p-Chondrocytes. : Epidermal cell Stomata. Y: Accessory cell Stomata. (2-a). Capitulum. Which one is not a sensory organ of Cockroach ? (A) Maxillory palp (B) Anal cerci (C) Antennae (D) Anal style In the intervertebral disc. Y: Accessory cell (D) X : Accessory cell. Raceme.c). (2-a). which tissue is present ? (A) Calcified cafillage (B) White fibro cartilage (C) Sponry bone (D) Yellow elastic cartilage On the basis of economic importance of the following plant. (3. Raceme. Umbel.X + Guard cell + Y Choose the correct option providing proper explanation : (C) X : (A) X 47. r:Nucleus I (D)p-Perichondrium. Spadix (D) Umbel. (1) Caesalpinia (2) Onion (3) Musa (4) Tagetes (A) Raceme. 'q' and 'r' from the given diagram.

Heliotuopium 4. From the given diagram identiff and write what denotes A Based 14. OR Differentiate between aerial and underground stems. OR Mention the name and location of the pores which are opening on ventral and ventrolateral sides of Earthworm. L6. - Prrt E q---. il 3+3. 19.'CTION. Draw neat labelled figure of skin of Frog (Vertica Section) and list the functions of skin (any 4 functions). SFCTION.Sf. Mention the role of any 6 hormones in the process of digestion in Frog. the abdomen of Cockroach.A Note : Do as directed.. OR Explain Hepatic cacae and Malpighian tubules of Cockroach. OR A . Name and explain arry 4 tlpes of indehiscent dry fruits. Hibiscus OR 15.C 12 Note : Question No. Explain the chemical composition of Plasma. 11. Caesalpinia 2. Explain male reproductive system of Cockroach with the hplp of a figure. . Describe the type of inllorescence found in the following plants. Describe the structure of epidermis of monocot and dicot leaves. + H. Each question carries 3 marks. How does. 1. 9-14.-# r] 9. on the above floral formula. {.{* \J F * u. Describe. 17. 15-18 @ach carries 4 marks). 12. Question No. an epiphlic plant manage water though they do not touch the soil ? Describe the gland which acts as both exocrine and endocrine in Frog. Describe the stnrcture of heart of Frog and Explain the circulation of blood in it. 10.R 16 Note: Question No. Mention the location and functions of different Nephridia of Earthworm.. Describe areolar connective tissue (exempt figure). 15. H B fr t 14. SE.CTION. 1-8 (Each question carries 2 marks) 16 Describe the tissue present in the peritoneum of body cavity (Diagram not needed). Mulberry 3. 10. Br. 13. Explain modification of tap root for food storage (any 2). Describe the types of Leaf. Differentiate between Tracheids and Sieve cells (4 points). describe the flower. Explain the stele of underground organ of plant that possesses Exodermis. (any 6). ffi.

(A) 33. It is called conical tap root. and polygonal and with prominent round or oval nucleus. (A) 21. (c) 1. *+ Anal cerci are photoreceptor organ. tap root stores food and becomes. this tissue seems to be composed of flat tiles like that of pavement. (C) 19. Anus occur upper it. -) In male cockroach. 9. (B) 13. -+ The cells of this kind of epithelium are extremely thin and flat. --+ The terga of eight and 9th segments are covered under the tergum of 7th segement. --+ In. Such a root is called napiform tap root. (D) 23. Bowmen's capsules of kidney. . (D) 6. (B) 24. radish and beet. (D) of body cavity. (A) 45. (D) 46. it becomes fusiform in shape and hence it is called fusiform tap root. (B) 26. a pair of anal styles develop from 9th stemum.carrot. (B) 11" (C) 12. -+ In beet. --+ In surface view. (B) 25. flat. (D) tr 8. It is because of this appearance it is often known as the pavement epithelium. --+ They are joined by cement material. (D) 4. (A) 49. All the cells are arranged edge to edge and form delicate lining or covering. (A) 22. -+ In radish. fleshy. --) Cells are thin. 3. the root suddenly tapers into a thin thread-like structure. (C) 20. (A) 32. (A) 38. (D) 47. peritoneum of body cavity. (A) 41. The outermost layer of skin of frog is made up of Squamous epithelium is present squamous epithelium. (A) 43. Describe the abdomen of Cockroach : -+ Abdomen is made up of ten segments in both male and female cockroach. 5. (D) 28. (A) 44. (D) 39. (A) 1. (D) 30" (B) 3L. (D) 42. It forms the inner lining of lung alveoli. *) The l0th tergum possesses a median groove. (B) 3. (C) 29. (A) 34. (C) 8' (B) 14. -+ In carrot. Hence. (A) 2. (C) 27. (B) 37. (B) 16. (C) 35. -+ Functions : Its main function is protection of the underlying tissue. entire food is stored in the basal part of the root. (Diagram not needed) -+ -+ --) in the peritoneum. Explain the modification of tap root for food storage. 2.7.A Describe the tissue present in the peritoneum (c) 48. (A) L0. (C) SECTION. (D) 36. (D) 40. lining of blood vessels. the food storing tap root becomes conical. (c) 15. -+ A pair of anal cerci is associated with the 10th tergum. (D) 17. (B) 50.

Pharyngeal nephridia : Present as three paired tufts in the 4th. Amylase produces the sugar from starch. The cells of this tissue are polygonal. Some orchids live as epiphytes on the branches of trees in forests. Various proteolytic enzymes convert protein unit into amino acids. 4. -+ -) *) They do not obtain water. Through lipase fatty acid and glycerol are formed from lipid. These roots are called epiphytic roots.--) In female cockroach. --+ The female genital opening occurs in the 8th segment. three types of nephridia are found. 4. thick walled and arranged in many layers and absorb moisture from They have no contact with soil. of the body fluids. 4. --+ They are excretory units. Hepatic cacae : Eight blind hepatic caeca occur in the midgut. These nephridia discharge their waste into alimentary canal. Integumentary nephridia : Attached to the lining of the body wall from segment 3 to all. the 8th and 9th sterna jointly form a genital pogch. 2. Differentiate between Tlacheids and Sieve cells. --+ In earthworm. salts or prepared food from host. It is the unit of xylem. Explain -+ -+ -+ Columnar cells of midgut helpatic caeca secrete Hepatic cacae and Malpighian tubules of cockroach. atmosphere. Malphigian tubules : At the junction of midgut and hind gut about 150 yellowish. 3. Shows the lignin deposition. found on both sides of intersegmental septa which open into . -) A specialized "velamen tissue" occurs on their outer surface. 5. Tracheids Sieve cells [. Transport food materials. -+ The male genital opening occurs in mid-ventral region of 9th segment. Dead cells. They produce some adventitious roots which remain suspended in air. (ir) (iir) -+ 6. --+ intestine. 1. It is the unit of polem. (D Septal nephridia : This type of nephridia are found from l5th segment to the last segment. long and greenish. They obtain only These nephridia regulate the volume and composition a habitat &om the host. 5th and 6th segments. Cell watrl thin and un-thickened. Mention the location and functions of different Nephridia of Earthwonn. . All these nephridia open into external surface of the body through minute pores. OR 3. Transport water and minerals. 2. Living cells 3. These roots are spongy. - enrpe. How does anepiphytic plant manage water though they do not touch the soil. thread like malpighian tubules open.

Below the endodermis. Differentiate between aerial and underground stems. the condition is called exarch.rnction between the stomach and duodenum. sF'cTroN-B tj 9. Plasma JJ+$.. alternate and polyarch..Pericycle. Potato. Plasma : This is the fluid matrix or intercellular substances of blood. HCO.. (iii) Rarely bears scaly leaf. (iii) Bears lea[ flower.. (iv) Ex. made by parenchyma. Pancreas is pale 4 In side pancreas. Xylem and phloem are connected by conjunctive tissue. Stele of maize root made up of. (iv) Ex. each question carries 3 marks. Ginger.J. around the stele there is found pericycle.. --) Cells of Langerhans are endocrine in nature which secretes hormones like Insulin and Glucogon. there is found "islets of Langerhans". conductive tissue -+ *+ -+ -+ --+ *) and pith..J Water --) *+ Plasma I Salts Proteins Food Gases Wastes Hormones is also rich in sodium and chloride ions. Aerial Stem Underground stem (i) Aerial stem found out side soil (i) These stem found in side soil (ii) They contain chlorophyll (ii) Always. 9 to 14. Stele is radial. OR ' 7. --) --+ Explain the stele of underground organ of plant that possesses exodermis. K. lipid and carbohydrates. conjunctive tissue. The colloids of plasma include plasma proteins (including Plasma also contain prothrombin and immunoglobulins). The protoxylem lies towards the peripheral side and metil(ylem lies towards the pith. 8. . Maize root or monocot root possesses exodermis. Ca. 4 It contains essentially seven classes of substances. Pith is larger and well developed. --+ -+ -) Describe the gland which at as both exocrine and endocrine in Frog. . Sunflower stem. directly into blood vessels. The pancreas produces pancreatic juice which contains various enzymes which help in digestion of protein. etc.' 7. Mn. --+ Insulin and glucogon maintain level of glucose in blood. and many other ions. Note : Question No. It is almost colorless having faint yellow tinge.L. . Explain the chemical composition of plasma. It contains many crystalloids and colloids. Name of gland which act as exocrine and endocrine in frog is "Pancreas". in caloq situated at the j. seeds. they are chlorophylless. POr3. There are usually more than six exarch xylem bundles (polyarch) in monocot root.

carbondioxide and water.serum.. ii {'*figltil:. Mention the name and location of the pores which are opening on ventral and ventro-lateral sides of earthworrn. --) Number of minute pores called nephridiopores. which opens into ejaculatory duct through seminal vesicle.it From each testis arises a thin vas deferns. -) -+ -) which are found in all the segments except the firsi. last and clitellum. 617. !. A -i mushroom shaped gland occurs in segments 6 to 7 .j Explain male reproductive system of cockroach with the help of a figure. OR 10. and blood proteins like fibrinogen. 8/9 in the intersegmental grooves.. plasma.-+ -+ It contains usually 80% water. -+ -+ -+ The ventral surface of the earthworm is identified by the presence of genital pores. -+ At the end of the abdomen. The ejaculatory duct opens into male gonopore sifuated ventrar to tlxlw<tt'tt-rt V*s*r*tcrtJnc e anus. 718. agglutinins. -+ A pair of male genital pore is present on the ventro-lateral Sides of the 18th segment. -+ -+ 10. Except required components for blood clotting of plasma is known as . . -+ A single female genital pore is present in the mid-ventral line of the 14th segment. chitinous gonapophysis reproductive organs. get opened on the surface of body. In adult humans normal blood sugar level after 2 hrs of meal is 90. albumins and globulins. --) tiixxtrfit:tut:$v rhi * t {3*n*prl1:lr3r nes are located which form external The sperms are stored in the seminal vesicles and are glued together in the form of bundles called spermatophores which are discharged during copulation.. Male reproductive systern consists of a pair of testis lying one on each lateral side in the 4 to 6 abdominal segments. cholesterol in humans normally ranges from 140 to 260 mg per 100 ml of serum.tZ} mg per l0 ml of blood. prothrombin. there are metabolic waste products such as urea. Anterior end consists of mouth and prostomium. Four pairs of spermathecal aperatures are found on the ventrolateral sides between segments 516. Integumentary nephridia open on external surface of the body through minute pores. Plasma also contains protective substances such as antitoxins. In addition to these. lysine etc. It is an accessory reproductive gland. Female genital pore open on ventral surface of the l4th segment. uric ammonia. '1"*'rlty. Various hormones are also present in acid. Common prostate and spermatic duct opens to the exterior by a pair of male genital pores on the venko-lateral side of the lgth segment. organs.

the leaf lets are arranged on both lateral sides of the main vein or midrib. e. -+ -+ They lack cuticle and chloroplasts. Moringa. the stomata are present on both surfaces of epidermis.g. e. (ii) In palmate compound leaf. p --) Upper and lower epidermis both are covered by cuticle.'They occur in groups of5toTcells. --+ Compound leaf may be . -+ If two leaflets occur at the tip of petiole. Aegle. like Cotyledon or seed leaf -+ Found in seed. . --) -' If the leaflets are arranged directly on the main midrib it is called unipinnate compound leaf. e. Such a leaf is called compound leaf. There are some other types (i) as - leaf. 2.(i) Pinnate or (ii) Palmate.g. the leaflets are arranged on the tips of petiole. If the midrib branches and the leaf lets arc affanged on these secondary branches. Describe the types of leaf.g. e. In the upper epidermis of grass leaf. -+ If many leaf lets are arranged. the lamina appears dissected from the margin. Multicellular trichomes and stomata occur on both epidermis. The number of stomata is more in lower epidermis than in the upper epidermis. the leaf is called bipinnate compound leaf. T}pes of leaf : 1. -+ Sometkimes.g. the leaf is called unifoliate palmate compound leaf. -+ In humid condition. As these Epidermis of dicot leaf : The parenchymatous single layer epidermis occur on both surface of dicot leaf. of leaf. cells cause movement of cause unrolling leaf. Cassia. Compound leaf : If incision reaches the midrib or the tip the petiole. Epidermis of monocot leaves : -) In monocot leaf. it is called multifoliate palmate compound . they are also called motor cells. --+ The leaf let of compound leaf do not possess axillary buds. Such incisions divide is not complete. of leaves also. it is called simple leaf. (l) In pinnate compound leaf. the lamina to a lesser or greater degree.g. bulli-form cells occur at regular intervals. -+ If the leaf lets are alranged on tertiary or higher order branches. Describe the structure of epidermis of monocot antl dicot leaves. the lamina is divided into independent leaf lets. this incision However. Acacia. -+ If a single leaflet is so arranged.g. the leaf is called multipinnate compound leaf. -) Bombax. : Various types of leaf are as under leaf : If a single lamina occurs in a leaf. it is called bifolicate palmate compound leaf. As a result transpiration is reduced.11. Simple -+ It has an axillary bud in its axil. -+ -+ 12. they lose water and shrink. Balanites. Thus they cause rolling of leaf blade. . Caesalpinia. e. they absorb watet swell and Curved trichomes. Lemon . e.

Based on the above floral formula. Cholecystokinin : Contracts galls bladder and release bile juice into duodenum. Mention the role of any six hormones in the process of digestion in frog. describe the flower. (il) (iiD (lv) Secretin I (v) (vi) : Reaches stomach and stop production of gastric juice. Acallpha. (iv) Gynaecium : Tricarpellary. (iii) Bract -+ The leaf from the axil of which a flower (iv) Sporophylls + Stamen and carpel of flower. 14.i. Caesalpinia : Peduncle or rachis is normally elongated and flowers are stalked. bracteate.(ii) 14.g. Describe the type of infloresence found 1. RoIe of hormones in process of digestion : (i) Gastrin : lnduces gaskic gland for the secretion of gaskic juice. e. J Enterocrinin : Induce intestinal gland to secrete intestinal juice in intestine. filament long. From Aq the given diagram identiff and write what denotes A -+ H. the infloresence is called . juice into deudenum. bisexual. introse or extrose. Enterogastrone Stimulates pancreas to secrete pancrcatic. hytogynous. ovary superior. (any six) Olfactory nen/e h Olfactory lobe C*+ Fq Cerebral hemisphere I cerebrum Gq Pineal stalk Hq Diencephalon B4 Optic lobe D*+ Cerebellum E --+ Medulla oblongata (Hind brain) C r A TJ m m ffi * OR 14. r e. PE*3 A3*3. kilocular wfth many ovules. valvate aestivation. Qrl develops is called bracts. syncarpous. free or peri-phyllous. axile placentation. F. (iD Perianth : Perianth sepaloid or petaloid (3 + 3). Mulbery : Infloresence is catkin type. (iil) Androecium : Stamen six (3 + 3). SECTION. free. reduced and papery leaf. Mustard.raceme. Mulberry . Caesalpinia 2. Ba G. (i) Flower : Complete actinomorphic. {. Pancreozy. in the following plants.C 15. Scaly leaf -+ very small. Axis of spike is weak and does not stand erect but is pendulous and all the flowers in the infloresence are unisexual.g.

more slender than the white fibres. OR 15. These cells help in the defense of the body. Ocimum. . @iagram is not necessary) Areolar connective tissue . -+ -+ Yellow fibres are made up of elastin protein.g.g. (i) White fibres . Maize. Hibiscus. The pericarp decomposes in a natural way and release the seeds. 16. They are not arranged in bundles. ' : Areolar connective tissue is made up. t Main axis ends in a flower.They are wav)i'. (rD Cypsela : The pericarp and the seed coat remain free from each other.They are few in numbers. Cashewnut Trapa. Wheat (ii) Achene fruit : Pericarpand seed coat are free from one another. (iir) Nut : The pericarp is very hard and stony. i.g. -) There are two types of fibres. of fibres and cells.e.g.In this tlpe of infloresence.g.g. e. Hibiscus : Cymose solitary. yellow in colour. (ii) Yellow fibres . -+ They develop from monocarpellary to polycarpellary synca{pous with one chamber and one ovule. Vernonia. Name and explain any four types of indehiscent dry fruits.A joint some where in the stalk demarcates the extent of peduncle and pedicel. e. . (v) Samara : The pericarp become flat like wings.Single lateral branches arise altemately on left and right sides e.g. only one pedicellate flower is bome. e. and is thus called macrophage. e. Heliotropium : Scorpioid cymose infloresence. Hiptage. 4. Describe areolar connective tissue. They are single and branched and joined with one another to form delicate network. terminally by the peduncle. e. $pes of indehiscent dry fruits : -+ The wall of the ripened fruit does not dehisce. e. Macrophages/Ilistocytes : Able to move and ingest foreign particles. . unbranched and aranged in bundles . Naravelia. Heliotropium.collagen and elastin. synthesize two kinds of protein .3. Tridax. Holoptelea. Argemone. In this connective tissue there is three tlpes of cells are found - (i) (it) Fibro blast : Main cells. -) Indehiscent dry fruits are several types (l) like as - Caryopsis : The pericarp and the seed coat are fused and form hull.white fibres are formed of a substance called protein collagen. . There is single seed in fruit.

. histamine and serotonin. -+ It is muscular. the structure of heart of frog and explain the circulation of blood in Structure of heart of Frog : The heart is protected in side a double walled bag called pericardium. -+ *+ On the dorsal side of heart "sinus-venosus" is located.(iii) Mast cells : Irregular in shape and large in substances.. rir. The blood from both auricles enter the ventricle through a single opening called "auriculo ventricular aperture". -*-a The heart is located in the anterior region of coelom. . Describe it. which collects deoxygenated blood from various parts of the body and empty up inio right auricle through sinuauricular aperture. -+ -+ As a result in frog. conical and three chambered (Two auricles and one ventricle) pulsative organ. heparin. Thus oxygenated blood from left auricle and deoxygenated blood from right auricle is mixed in ventricle. The ventricle contracts and forces the blood into truncus arterious from where into arterial system. mixed blood is circulated through arterial system. 17. The left auricle receives oxygenated blood from lungs through a common pulmonary vein. Circula(ion of blood in heart of frog : Venous System Deoxygenated blood Sinus venous from different parts of Right auricle Auriclo ventricular aperature Ventricle Pulmonary circulation Oxigenated blood from lungs and skin @vern I Left auricle I Truncus arterious Arteries Arterial system Chart : Flow of blood in the heart of frog it enters . In between these walls pericardium fluid is present.

.*.. (v) The frog never drinks water but absorb water through skin.*.t*Wti.:i T.l:.tk:..-' g$'am'r{ t.r:t:x.wlg W. (Any four) Function of skin : (i) Skin gives definite shape and texture of the body (ii) It protects the body against foreign bodies and fungi' (iii) It acts as chief respiratory organ' (iv) It acts as an important sensory organ.t7'e.Tntg"t*:t..1..*yw:tit*xtiw fu$***.tx v'***. .g Vertical section of the skin of Frog . Drew neat labelled ligure of skin of frog (Vbrtical stcfionl ilftr nst trGfutrtfion of skin.tmex t i.i"!.tiL "i. bp1:xzg}trr.zz.#i*ttl ffix+a:ggfi.*:*:r*u frtytr.18.*.lixw:st .?z'tt*t.i:h W.:rgl.*1"*.i'..ltl.t'.'i::L:i.