The History of: FEndEr Guitar Corporation.

Fender Guitar Corporation, formally Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing
Company, was founded by Clarence Leonidas Leo Fender in Fullerton, California. The
American Company is recognised worldwide for its manufacture of Stringed
Instruments & Amplifiers; specifically its Solid Body Guitars and Basses.
Fender Guitars are valued differently depending on where they are manufactured.
Fender guitars are manufactured in America, Japan and Mexico. Fender also
manufacture a series of cheaper guitars under the name Squier . All Squire guitars are
made in Korea and China.

Telecaster - 1950
In the Autumn of 1950, Fender introduced the worlds first
Solid Body Electric Guitar: the Fender Telecaster. Originally
released as the Fender Broadcaster had a simple two pickup
design that is still present in models of today. A single coil
Lipstick pickup is placed near the neck with a standard single
coil placed at an angle in the ash tray bridge.
Shortly after its release a select number of guitars were
manufactured without a name on the headstock and these
became known as Nocasters . Only a limited number of these
were made and an original Nocaster can be worth up to
$75,000 today. Shortly after this, in Summer of 1951, Fender
changed the name of the guitar to the Fender Telecaster which
we known and love.
Since 1950, the Telecaster has been sold in one form or
another continuously and is still one of the most desired
guitars to own. Other variations or the Telecaster have been
released since it was designed.
These include the Thinline Telecaster which was characterised by having a solid centre
block with hollow wings. Various versions of the Thinline had different pickup
arrangements. For example the 72 version was released with two Humbuckers in a
neck and bridge formation.
The Telecaster Deluxe was introduced in 1972 and had a standard Telecaster Solid
Body with two Humbuckers and a larger headstock similar to that of the later

Precision Bass - 1950
Also in the Autumn of 1950, Fender
released the Precision Bass or P-Bass. It
was the first solid body bass guitar to be
recognised globally. From its release in
1950 to 1957, the P-Bass featured one
single coil pickup. This was briefly known as the Telecaster Bass as it was released at
the same time as the Telecaster and featured the same smaller headstock. Since 1957,
all standard P-Basses have been released with a single coil split pickup as shown on the
image above.
As with the Telecaster, Fender have released a number of different versions of the
Precision Bass. The American Standard P-Bass was known for its high mass bridge and
lightweight tuning machines. The American Deluxe featured an additional pickup - a
Jazz Bass style humbucker located in the bridge position with a 3-Band active EQ. The
American Vintage Series feature all the same features of an American Standard except
they are manufactured in Corona, California.

Stratocaster - 1954
In 1954, Leo Fender designed and
released the Fender Stratocaster. The
Stratocaster was the first guitar to
feature a three pickup design as well
as containing a spring tension tremolo
system. It also had a contoured body
that allowed it to be played more
comfortably by the player which was revolutionary for the likes of Gibson and other
guitar manufactures at the time.
Early Telecasters featured a three-way pickup selector. This was later changed in 1977
to a five-way selector as players wanted to be able to select more than one pickup at a
time. It is one of the most widely used guitars and is used in almost every genre of
It is available in many different pickup combinations. Standard Stratocasters have a
three pickup design with the American Deluxe Series having available any combination
of Humbuckers and Single Coil pickups.

Jazzmaster - 1958
The Fender Jazzmaster was first released at the 1958 NAMM Show. It was initially
designed as the more expensive relative of the already widely used Stratocaster. It was
intended for use in Jazz as it featured an Offset-Waist body which was designed to

feel more comfortable when played sitting down - which was how
many Jazz and Blues guitarists prefer to play. Original Jazzmasters
featured two Soapbar pickups in a neck and bridge position. They
looked very similar to P-90 s used by Gibson at the time however
were woven slightly differently.
The Jazzmaster also features a floating tremolo system which can
be manually activated when a string breaks to prevent the whole
guitar from going out of tune. It was also one of the first Fender
Guitars to feature a lead and rhythm switching circuit that could be
activated by the switch underneath the neck pickup.
Since its release the Jazzmaster has remained relatively unchanged.
In 2008, Fender introduced the Classic Player Series which is
manufactured in Mexico and varies slightly from the Standard
Jazzmaster. One of the main differences being that it is fitted with
special versions of the Gibson P-90.
In 2010, the Mexican Blacktop was introduced with a Duncan
Designed Single Coil Neck pickup and a specialised bridge
humbucker pickup as well as a three-way pickup selector.

Jazz Bass - 1960
The Fender Jazz Bass was the second bass, designed and produced by Fender.
It was originally designed as the
Bass version of the Jazzmaster
which also featured an Offset
Waist Body . It was intended to
produce a distinct sound from
the Precision Bass with more of
a boost in the Mid and High
Frequencies due to the Double Single Coil Pickup arrangement. Each string was given
two pickup poles which meant that the Bass could produce a more punchy overall
sound. It was also given a thinner and more rounded neck that would allow for a better
and more comfortable playing style. This was intended to be more attractive to the Jazz
Player of the time.
Early Jazz Basses can often be found with metal Bridge/Tailpiece cover. This was to
hold in place a spring felt mute that sat over the strings at the bridge. As well as this,
early basses featured Stacked Knob controls which had a tone and volume for each
individual pickup & these are now highly valued in todays market.

There are now many versions of the Jazz now available. These include the American
Standard Jazz Bass which features the same smaller radius neck, a thinner coat of
lacquer to allow the body to resonate more as well as 1960, Fender Custom Shop
Pickups. The American Deluxe Jazz Bass features a 3 Band Active EQ which is also
featured on the Deluxe Precision Bass.

Bass VI - 1961
The Fender Bass VI was originally released in 1961 and was released as
following the idea of a Six String Bass tuned E to E. The Fundamentals of
the guitar followed that of the Fender Jazzmaster with the Offset
Waist design taken from the Jazzmaster and Jazz Bass. It
also featured the Fender Floating Tremolo which can
also be found on the Jazzmasters. However,
the concept of a Six String Bass never
caught on and the model was
In 2006, Fender released a
recreation of the Bass VI

from the

Custom Shop Line which was

identical to the

originally released Bass VI. in

2013 The Fender Pawn

Shop revived the Bass VI as
along with a number of other
Pawn Shop Version was released

part of the Pawn Shop Series
guitars from Fenders history. This
with Two Single Coil Pickups in the Mid and

Neck Positions and a Humbucker at the bridge. Instead of the original switches for each
pickup, the Pawn Shop Bass VI featured a Strat-style 5-way pickup
selector. Also in 2013, Squire released a Bass VI under the Vintage
Modified Series. This featured three Single Coil Pickups along with
the switching system featured on the original Bass VI s.

Jaguar - 1962
The Fender Jaguar was released in 1962 and is made unique by its
two separate circuits for rhythm and lead. It is very similar to the
Jazzmaster in design and was released as a top-of-the-line model
intended to lure many players over from Gibson. The Jaguar was
first produced from 1962 - 1975. After various upgrades including
pearl inlays and a bound neck, the Jaguar was discontinued after
13 years of production due to the expensive design not catching

The Jaguar was originally popular with the Surf Scene however later became a hit with
Indie & Rock musicians due to the resonance that the bridge on the Jaguar offered. As
well as this, when the strings behind the bridge are strummed, this offers a unique
sound that some artist later used in albums & records.
In 1999, Fender reissued the Jaguar as part of its American Vintage Series which
proved more successful than the original run of Jaguars in 62. Since its re-release in
99, Fender have released variations. These include the 50th Anniversary Jaguar which
was released in 2012. This was set apart by a number of slight neck adjustments and a
specially designed single coil neck pickup that was intended to produce a fatter tone
and produce a higher output than the Standard.
Along with the 50th Anniversary Jaguar, Fender released both a Kurt Cobain and a
Johnny Marr signature models. The Kurt Cobain signature featured DiMarzio
humbuckers, and an active preamp system. The Johnny Marr signature was fitted with a
four way pickup selector that allowed for all the usual selections that a three way would
offer, with the added capability of running the pickups in series or parallel. These were
just some of the variations released by Fender.

Mustang - 1964
In 1964 Fender released the
Mustang. This was released
as a redesign of the already
available less expensive
student models: the DuoSonic and Musicmaster.
The Mustang was produced until 1982 when production was stopped. It was rereleased in 1990 and became very popular with alternative rock bands due to its unique
elongated body. The original Mustang featured two single coil pickups at an angle (as
pictured above) to increase tone in the bass and treble end of the guitar. It also had onoff-on switches for each pickup. The second on feature allowed for the phase of the
second pickup to be reversed when the pickups run in parallel. This was very unusual
for a guitar of the time to have the option to change the phase of a pickup as well as
have individual pickup switches instead of a normal pickup switch.
The Mustang also featured a Fender Dynamic Vibrato tailpiece which was combined
with the floating bridge system found on previous Fenders. It is noted as being a very
sensitive vibrato which is why the sprung tremolo from the Stratocaster is preferred.
When first released, the Mustang was available in two different scale lengths: the short
scale 24 or even smaller 22.5 . The 24 was a lot more popular and so when the
Mustang was re-released in 1990, the 3/4 22.5 scale length was scrapped.

Mustang Bass - 1966
In 1966, the Fender Mustang Bass was released alongside the
Mustang itself. It was designed as a short scale bass and was the last
bass designed entirely by Leo Fender. The original Mustangs had a
split single coil design similar to that of the Precision Bass with strings
held with through body routing. The early Mustangs were released with
string mutes, however most musicians removed these.
The Standard finishes of the basses were red and white. In 1969, the
Mustang guitar and basses were released in Competition finishes with
a variety of stripes. Later, it was released in the more popular black
and sunburst colours.
Production was continuous from 1966 until 1981. It was re-released in
2002 by Fender Japan and has been produced since then. The
Musicmaster Bass was a popular variant which was released in the mid
60 s as a cheaper version of the Mustang bass. Over time, this has
evolved into the Squier series selection of guitars.
In 2013, Fender launched three new Mustang Basses as part of the Pawn Shop
Series. They sport the original Candy Red, Olympic White and three colour
sunburst colour schemes as well as the original staggered single coil pickups.

Coronado - 1966
In 1966, Fender released the Coronado. A double cutaway thin-line hollow
electric guitar that was unlike anything Fender had ever released. The
guitar designed by Roger Rossmeisl and was released as a rival to
popular hollow body guitars at the time such as the Epiphone
Casino which were being used by The Beatles and so made
them very popular.
Three version of the Coronado were released from 1966
until it was discontinued in 1972. The Coronado I was a
single pickup design and was discontinued in 1970. The
Fender Coronado II had a two pickup design and this has
remained the same until the current day. Another version that was released was the
Coronado XII which is a 12 string version of the Coronado. This was released in 1967
and was discontinued in 1972.

A limited number of Coronado I and II s were released in a special Wildwood finish. This
is manufactured by injecting a dye into a tree whilst it still grows and this stains the
wood whilst still growing. As well as the other usual Fender colours, one Blonde
Coronado exists and this is being kept in a museum in California. Unusually, early
Coronado s were built using pickups manufactured by Gretsch. The hollow body guitar
was re-released in 2013 in
the original colours, with an
almost unchanged design.

Coronado Bass - 1968
The Coronado Bass was
released in 1968 and was
simply the bass version of
the earlier Coronado, released two years previous. It was the same hollow body design
with Gretsch pickups. Like the Coronado, it features a floating F tailpiece, Pickup
selector switch and tone and volume controls for each pickup. It was also discontinued
in 1972 and then re-released in 2013.

Starcaster - 1976
The Fender Starcaster is a Semi-hollow guitar designed
and released by Fender Musical Instruments
Corporation. It was designed, like the
Coronado as a rival to the popular
Gibson ES-335 and other such
Semi-Hollows at the time.
It was designed at a time when Fender


lowered its standards of manufacture

and so many of the

original Starcasters were not of Fender
Unlike many Semi-hollows at the time,

quality that we know today.
Fender used bolt on necks for the

Starcaster rather than the set in necks of Gibson and Gretsch.
The Starcaster was an unpopular guitar as Fender at the time was viewed a company
renowned for their solid body single coil guitars and Gibson were the owners of the
Semi-Hollow Humbucker notation. The unique enlarged headstock design was loved by
some but not by others and is still the only guitar to use this design. It featured two
hum buckers with individual volume and tone control for each, a pickup selector and a
master volume knob. This was discontinued in 1982.

In 2013, Fender reissued the Starcaster as part of the Modern Player series. The new
version was reasonably the same apart from a few minors changes that included the
removal of the master volume control, removal of the through body string bridge
(replaced with a tune-o-metic), new
four screw neck plate and most
importantly, a centre block, making
this a semi-hollow guitar.

Jaguar Bass - 2006
The Jaguar Bass is simply a bass
version of the previously released Fender Jaguar. In design, it is almost identical to the
original Jaguar with the exception of the neck being taken from a Jazz Bass and the
pickups from a combination of the Precision and Jazz Basses. Rather than the standard
dot inlays on the neck, Fender opted for pearl block inlays which was usually only
featured on Deluxe models. The bass also features an onboard preamp with bass and
treble rollers which are located at the top of the pickguard. The lower pick guard holds
an on/off switch for each pickup and then a third switch to toggle between parallel and
series wiring and the master jack plate holds the master volume and master tone.
The first generation of the Jaguar bass was sold from 2006-2010 and manufactured in
Japan and was available in Hot Rod Red and Black. Only right handed version of this
bass were available. In 2011, the second generation of Jaguar Bass was released, also
made in Japan and available in a larger variety of colours, but still only available in right
handed versions. In 2014, Fender released the American Jaguar Bass which was
available in 3-Tone Sunburst, Black, White and Candy Apple Red. Both the
Second generation of Japan Jaguar Basses and American Jaguar Basses are
still in production to this day.

Dimension Bass - 2013
The Fender Dimension Bass is a very unique instrument. It is one of the basses
manufactured by Fender thats body shape is not based on a previously
released guitar and so this makes the Dimension bass the first newly designed
bass since 1950. It bares similar resemblance to the Musicman Stingray and
Leo Fenders involvement could have had an influence in the design of this
bass as similarly it features a humbucker pickup (some models are
available with double humbuckers). It also features a high mass bridge and
is available in a number of colours and finishes. There are both four and
five string versions of the bass available.

The dimension basses are manufactured across and number of lines including an
American Standard Series, a Modern Player Series that is made in China, and a Deluxe
and Standard Series that are both made in Mexico. IN addition to this, Fender has
released a series of Squier Dimension basses that are manufactured in Indonesia.

Starcaster Bass - 2013
The Fender Starcaster Bass is a Semi-hollow bass manufactured in China by Fender
Musical Instrument Corporation. Although various designs for the Starcaster bass were
released in 1976 with the original Starcaster, no models were ever manufactured and
the name Starcaster Bass was never confirmed. So in 2013, Fender opted for just the
Fender on the headstock and so this name has never really been confirmed.
The basses are fitted with Fender humbucker style pickups as well as a selector switch
and volume and tone controls for each pickup. The bass also features a high mass
bridge and paddle tuners. Only three colours are available in the Starcaster - Black,
Cherry Burst and Natural with all three featuring maple fretboards. It features the same
offset waist that are present in many other Fender guitars. In similar fashion to the
Coronado Bass, the Starcaster also features a four-screw bolt on neck.