Livestock Water Pipeline

Pipeline ID

version 1.14 - October 2003

Designed by:
Checked by:

R.Book - Illinois NRCS




Livestock Water Supply Calculations:
Min. Trough Linear Access:
Number of Animals:
Trough Sizing:
Average Weight:
Animal Units:
Refill Rate:
gpm minimum
Forage to Trough Distance: ✘ Less than 800 ft. Refill Time:
hr (for full daily amount)
System Design Category:
● Gravity Flow (main or lateral) Pump Data:
Max. Pressure
Minimum pipe depth:
● Pumped Main
Min. Pressure:
Lateral (pumped or PWS)
4 ft.
Well Water Elev.:
Public Water Supply (PWS) Main
Pump Selected:
Pump Efficiency:
horsepower (hp)
Min. Pump Size:
Pipe Pressure Rating
lb./ (psi)
Actual Pump Flow:
Fittings (ft.)
Flow (gpm) Label

Pipe Quantities for Line
Nominal Diameter


Pipeline Profile 97 95 Landuser:_________________________ ____ ________________________ County.:_____ Twp.) 99 U. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation 10/2/2003 Service Pipe Designed/Drawn:_________________ Checked:__________________________ _____ .S.:______ Range:_____ Station Ground 3900 3700 3500 3300 3100 2900 2700 2500 2300 2100 1900 1700 1500 1300 1100 900 700 500 300 93 100 Elevation (ft. Illinois Location:__________________________ ___ Sec.

:______ Range:_____ . Illinois Location:__________________________ ___ Sec.Landuser:_________________________ ____ ________________________ County.:_____ Twp.

Illinois Location:_____________________________ Sec. of dia.:______ Range:_____ Tank Description Plus plumbing and fitting requirements. Other miscellaneous items listed below or attached. of gravel in pad and base Landuser:_____________________________ ________________________ County. of dia.Y. of Ultraviolet Stabilized Aboveground Pipe Check valve for Rural Water C. Notes: . pipe Ft.Bill of Materials: No. of Tanks Freezeproof Hydrants Ft.:_____ Twp.Y. of concrete in pad Tons/C. pipe Ft.

below ground. Pipe pressure rating shall be 150 psi or greater. Pressure (psi) Max. IL Sheet of . gpm Pump Size (horsepower) TBM Elevation: Pressure Tank Data: Min. Bury pipeline a minimum of 4 ft. Drawing No. Pressure (psi) Volume (gallons) Number of animals designed for: Average animal weight: SYSTEM Date Designed_____________________ 10/03 __ Drawn________________________ __ Checked_______________________ _ Approved______________________ __ STOCK WATERING Plan View File No. Landowner Location T R County. TBM Description: Pump Data: Pump Efficiency Pump Head . 3. See standards for permissible pipe materials to meet NRCS standards and specifications. ft Pump Type (Submersible or Centrifugal) Gallons per minute . 2.NOTE: 1.

Y. and seeded: N/A yes no N/A If pipe is hooked to rural water.6 = ________ tons Miscellaneous: Cross fencing has been installed to provide grazing distribution improvem Yes No If cost shared. of Ft.:_____ Twp. of inch diameter inch diameter pipe pipe ASTM# ASTM# Installation of Ultraviolet Stabilized Aboveground Pipe (2% carbon Black) ASTM #D2239 or AWWA C-202 Ft. X 1.Y. psi pipe ASTM# Pipe is buried 4 ft.Y. of Tanks (or N/A) No. psi pipe ASTM# Ft. Illinois Location:_____________________________ Sec. graded.6 = ________ tons Retaining wall installed and buried portion fenced from cattle: yes Is overflow pipe protected: yes no no N/A Tank Components: Energy Free No. of inch diameter.LIVESTOCK WATERING PRACTICE CHECKOUT Landuser:_____________________________ ________________________ County. of hydrants (or N/A) Pad installed at least 2' out from all sides of tank: Pad is: gravel concrete (circle one) Is gravel underlined with fabric? Pad computations: yes no N/A Is gravel retained by ties or similar mater yes no yes no N/A ______ (L) X ______ (W)=______S. has landowner supplied the field office the receipts for materials: Yes No N/A Pipeline and Tank Installation meet all NRCS Specifications Installed by___________________________________ Date:___________________ Contractor:___________________________________ Approved by:___________________________ Date:______________________ N/A . of hydrants (or N/A) Pad installed at least 2' out from all sides of tank: Pad is: gravel concrete (circle one) Is gravel underlined with fabric? Pad computations: or converting to tons: Is gravel retained by ties or similar mater yes no yes no N/A ______ (L) X ______ (W)=______S. or more: yes no Trench is backfilled.F.Y.F. X _______(D) = _________ C. has required check valve been installed: yes no N/A Tank Components: Concrete Freezeproof No. of Tanks (or N/A) No.:______ Range:_____ Practice Description ____________________ Acres Served:_________________________ Pipeline Components: Ft. (Volume) or converting to tons: _____ C. of inch diameter. X _______(D) = _________ C. (Volume) _____ C. X 1.

and pipe shall be carefully placed to prevent damage. pipe with a minimum pressure rating of 150 psi shall be used when burying the pipe or working with systems that operate at over 50 psi. Provisions shall be made for stabilizing disturbed areas and controlling erosion. If pipeline cannot be protected from freezing. The pipe shall be free of dirt and other materials before assembling. Backfilling: All backfilling shall be completed before the line is placed in service. Deformation or displacement of the pipe must not occur during backfilling. If the test exceeds the allowable rate. All trees. or AWWA C901 may be used. Flexible plastic pipe shall be placed in a "snake-like" position in the trench to provide expansion and contraction with temperature change. and elevations shown on the drawings or as staked in the field. Mound soil over pipe to allow for settlement. as necessary. the initial backfill shall be of selected material that is free from rocks or other sharpedged material that can damage the pipe. All PVC pipe connections designed to be glued will use PVC solvent cement. except that all visible leaks shall be repaired. to establish vegetation. whichever is greater. Vegetation: Topsoil shall be added. NRCS Practice Code 342 or equivalent for seeding and mulching recommendations. the pipeline will be provided with valves properly located so the pipe can be drained during periods of freezing temperatures. farm operations. Pipelines shall be buried below frost line or otherwise protected from freezing. the defect shall be repaired until retests show that the leakage is within the allowable lilmits. When crossing under a road. D2241. Plastic pipe over 2" in diameter shall be polyvinyl chloride (PVC) 1120 or 1220. Trenches for plastic pipelines shall be free of rocks and other sharpedged materials. Testing: Pipelines shall be pressure tested before backfilling by one of the following methods. or soil cracking. The ASTM or AWWA designation shall be stamped on the pipe. if needed. . Other plastic pipe meeting IL-NRCS Conservation Practice Standard 516 (Pipeline) is acceptable.PIPELINE SPECIFICATIONS General: Construction operations shall be carried out in a manner and sequence so that erosion and air/water pollution are minimized and held within legal limits. D2239. conforming to ASTM D1785 or D2241. brush. Abrupt changes in grade must be avoided to prevent damage to pipe. Pipelines shall be placed so that they are protected against hazards imposed by traffic. Method 1: The pipe shall be filled with water and tested at design working pressure or a minimum head of 10 feet (4. Plastic pipe 2" or less in diameter meeting ASTM specifications D1785. weeds. Method 2: The pipe shall be filled with water and pressure tested at the working pressure for 2 hours. Materials: Materials and fabrication shall be as specified on the drawings. roots. plastic pipe shall be buried at least 24" for ordinary field traffic. The contractor shall be assured that all state laws concerning buried utilities have been met. Other parts of the water system shall be installed and connected to the pipeline as specified. Platic pipelines installed by the plow-in method require surface compaction and shaping in addition to the normal plow-in operations. Gluing shall not be done at temperatures below freezing. Flexible plastic pipelines may be placed by plow-in equipment if soils are suitable and rocks and boulders will not damage the pipe material. All leaks shall be repaired and the test repeated. Minimum depth of burial shall be as shown on drawings. All operations shall be carried out in a safe and skillful manner. Allow glue to cure according to manufacturer's guidelines prior to moving pipe and pressure testing. For plastic or copper pipe. stumps. Placement: Placement of the pipeline shall be as shown on the plans or as staked. grades. Unless otherwise specified. The allowable leakabe shall not be greater than 1 gallon per diameter inch per mile. Safety and health regulations shall be observed and appropriate safety measures used. Steel pipe shall meet AWWA specification C200. pipeline shall be buried deeper or protected from collapsing by placing in a steel or concrete conduit. The completed job shall present a workmanlike appearance and shall conform to the line. and other objectionable materials shall be removed from the designated work area. freezing temperatures.3 psi). Refer to Critical Area Planting. Other means of protection must be provided if the depth required for protection is impractical because of shallow soils over rock or for other reasons. To ensure adequate strength.

algae and other materials that may restrict system flow.  Check for debris. switches and other appurtenances. Items to consider are:  Protect pipeline from damage by farm equipment. minerals.  Check to ensure needed volume of water is being supplied at the designed pressure. 2002 . Reestablish vegetative cover immediately where erosion has occurred.  When quick connects are used ensure proper operation and adequate designed delivery rate. pressure regulators. Additional Details: NRCS.  Repair any eroded areas that are hazardous to the pipeline. and  Draining and/or providing for cold weather operation of the system.516-6 NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE ILLINOIS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PIPELINE An operation and maintenance plan shall be developed and established by the producer to maintain the pipeline capacity and associated vegetative cover.  Mark pipeline locations in areas where potential damage could occur by other activities. pumps. vehicles.  Inspecting and testing valves. Repair any damage as soon as possible after being noted.  Check for leaks and improper operation.  Record on a map the location of pipeline and approximate depth. and livestock. Illinois June.

Digging in Illinois? Call JULIE First at 1-800-892-0123 Illinois State Law Requires a 48 Hour (Two Working Day) Advance Notice Before You Dig! 1 COMPANY PHONE NUMBER WITH AREA CODE 2 COMPANY NAME 3 COMPANY ADDRESS 4 COMPANY CITY. new building foundations. landmarks. YOU SHOULD COMMUNICATE WITH THE OWNER OF THE DIG SITE TO DETERMINE IF THERE ARE ANY PRIVATELY INSTALLED LINES. ZIPCODE 5 SITE CONTACT 6 COUNTY (this information MUST be given) VILLAGE/CITY (URBAN) OR UNINCORPORATED TOWNSHIP (RURAL) 7 SUBDIVISION NAME EXCAVATION SITE ADDRESS 8 NEAREST CROSS STREET/CROSS ROAD. SEARCH THE AREA FOR THE FACILITIES OF OTHERS WHO ARE NOT JULIE MEMBERS AND NOTIFY THEM. REGARDLESS OF SIZE. planting trees/shrubs. Keep this number as proof of your call to JULIE and as a reference number for this call. IN ADDITION. IL503-2(3) .) 11 12 13 TYPE OF WORK (trenching for sewer/water. fence/deck installation.) Livestock Water Pipeline EXTENT OF WORK (locate north side of building. STATE. AS THE EXCAVATOR. along rear lot line. cable/telephone drops. XXXX=Requiest sequence number for that day. paving. WITHIN A 1 1/4 MILE 9 TIER 10 CALLER NAME FAX NUMBER WITH AREA CODE PHONE NUMBER WITH AREA CODE RANGE SECTION NUMBER EXTENSION (IF APPLIES) QUARTER SECTION NUMBER ADDITIONAL LOCATION INFORMATION (such as directions. etc. front of property to curb and from lot line to lot line. road grading. ditchwork. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT YOU. etc. etc. curb/gutter.) 14 EXCAVATION SITE OWNER/RENTER'S NAME (If other than caller) 15 NOTES TO UTILITIES ABOUT EXCAVATION SITE 16 17 START DATE/TIME OF EXCAVATION (given to caller by operator) 18 DIG NUMBER (given to caller by operator) IS THIS A JOINT MEET? DIG NUMBER MEANS: JJJXXXX=Julian Calendar Day. JULIE MEMBER COMPANIES SENT THIS MESSAGE (given to caller by operator) FOR YOUR PROTECTION.

4 35 16 3" 18 16 8. 7. If this distance is closer than 800 feet.2 1.EQUIVALENT HEADLOSS FOR FITTINGS IN FEET Pipe Nominal Size Close Return Bend Standard Tee Standard Elbow Med. Also. you do still have to provide pump pressure and efficiency information. Sweep Elbow 45 deg. comment windows with information on the details of the program appear. To meet NRCS guidelines. You don't have to use the default horspower. to correct the problem.45 12 5. to design the main line. laterals are handled by first designing the main line so that you know the elevation of the hydraulic grade line (HGL) at the supply end of the lateral. 2.25 1. Elbow Long Sweep Elbow Gate Valve Angle Valve Swing Chk Valve 3/4" 5 4. 4. If you haven't used the livestock water supply section.5 3 4. However. it must supply the full peak demand in 12 hours or less. 6. The calculations depend on the distance of the water supply from the forage area. The refill rate is 2 gpm for 1/3rd of the herd drinking at once.4 3. design the lateral as if it were a main.7 43 20 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING THIS PIPELINE DESIGN PROGRAM: 1. then the pump horsepower recommendation will be based on the default 3.0 gpm minimum. If you select a trough size larger than the minimum. The program flags a warning if this limit is reached.75 1 1 0.5 1" 6 5. The livestock water supply calculations are optional. 5.75 2. enter flow requirements for laterals ONLY IF the lateral will be operated at the same time as the main line. Refill time is calculated based on the actual gpm selected for the system. If your system has a lateral that will NEVER be used at the same time as the main line. the refill rate is reduced proportionally. As you move the mouse across the design sheet. the herd tends to drink all at once. the refill rate is selected to supply the peak demand in 12 hours or less. Job identification and location information entered at the top of the design sheet is automatically entered in other parts of the program.2 1.5 1. when designing the main.5 5. This is the effective supply tank elevation for the lateral.6 0.25 1. 3.5 2. However.2 29 14 2 1/2" 15 14 6.5 8 3.5 2. You may need to begin sizing the lateral (at least the water supply calculations part) before doing the main.8 19 9 1 1/2" 10 9 4. the pipeline can be designed without using this feature.5 3. down to a minimum limit based on refilling the entire daily herd requirement in 12 hours.95 23 11 2" 12 11 5. you need to have some idea of what flow each lateral will need (if the laterals and the main will flow at the same time). and the trough volume is enough to hold the daily water requirements for 1/50th of the herd.75 0.2 1.5 7 3.6 2 2. just increase the flow supply (or pump size).4 0. requiring a larger trough. For gravity flow systems.5 3. For a longer forage to trough distance. The pump sizing calculations are based on the refill rate from the optional livestock water supply section.6 15 7 1 1/4" 8. . and the trough is sized to hold the daily water requirements for 1/3 of the herd.75 5. just select your own pump size and enter it in cell C24.5 2.25 1.6 2.5 4.

Bury the pipe more d. Any laterals are entered in the table on the same row as the station where the lateral joins into the pipeline being designed. Choose a larger pipe size upstream of the flagged station b. Select a trial pipe size for each reach using the dropdown menus. you should check the HGL column for any warnings. Once you have all the data entered and have selected trial values for pipe size. The HGL must be above the elevation of the pipeline for proper flow. Don't type in the "plus" sign. the main and laterals are handled as in step 6. the computer will format it automatically as 12+00. 11. For pumped or public water supply systems. enter a flow also. Use the table (above) as a guide to select effective head loss through fittings and valves. The depth of the pipeline at each station is specified in the "Depth"column. This pipe size refers to the reach just upstream of the station in each row. If the lateral is to flow at the same time as this pipeline. Reduce the refill rate or the pump horsepower . raise the HGL and/or lower the pipeline. 12. You may want to refer to the plotted profile to select a depth that maintains a pipeline grade sloping to the outlet. but you can change these individually if desired. To correct for flagged warnings. (~10 psi) clearance head factor of safety.8. Surveyed stations and elevations are entered in the table. The dropdown menu for pipe depth can be toggled to automatically enter depth for all reaches. 14. EXCEPT that you must tell the computer what type of system (main or lateral) you are working on. so the computer can help you determine the right pipe size and pump. Enter the stations as numbers… for example. Possible ways to do this include: a. 13. Increase pump pressure or supply tank elevation c. 10. NOTE: the pipe size selection for the first reach automatically sets the size for the remaining reaches. Water will still flow just fine. because the computer won't recognize it as a number that way. Flagged warnings: Red: HGL is below pipeline Blue: HGL is below 25 ft. if you type in 1200. The hydraulic grade line (HGL) column is a key design check. 9.

12 1.04 8/02 1.01 7/02 1.05 1.09 1.00 6/02 1.03 7/02 7/02 1.10 3/03 5/03 1.06 9/02 10/02 1.13 1.11 6/03 1.02 1.07 10/02 1.08 10/02 1.Version Date 1.14 6/03 10/03 10/03 .

Added auto-fill for default pipeline depth at every row Removed 3/4" pipe from selection list Added auto-fill for default pipe size based on first selection box. Revised layout of trough sizing box to include space for user-selected trough size Added provision for reduction in refill rate (pipeline Q requirement) if trough size is enlarged Updated Reference sheet to include instructions for new features Added form to select what to print Added 3/4" pipe back to selection list Added asterisk to 3/4" and 1" pipe selections. calculation Added 20 more lines of survey data capability Added Quantity sheet Added Checkout sheet Added "Public Water Supply" as a system design option. for trough size and refill rates rather than user-input value Added IL-516-6 O&M sheet Corrected "clear cells" macro to not affect A. Added calculation for refill time based on selected water supply gpm. trough size Added note about 10" access space for smaller animals such as sheep Widened date cell on Design sheet to allow display of double digit months Widened date box on Profile drawing to allow display of double digit months . Added drop-down box to select minimum pipeline depth Added conditional formatting on depth column to alert user if depth is too shallow Added drawing page Revised tank refill rate calculations to reflect U. Revised instructions on reference sheet. Added water line plot Corrected water line plot Corrected conditional formatting (red strikeout condition) in HGL column Modified instructions and comments for clarity Added JULIE sheet Display calculation of A.Changes Made Initial development.Missouri recommendations plus a 2 hour tank refill if the entire herd drinks at once (long distance situation). Modified refill time cell to show a result only when enough data has been input. Updated comment on tank refill rate cell.U.U. Added 3" pipe to list of choices Added this Notes page Changed "short travel distance" definition to 800 ft instead of 900 ft to match University of Missouri extension publication EQ380. with note (not recommended for new design) Added conditional formatting to alert user if selected Q / pump size is not large enough Revised refill rate reduction vs trough size selection: allow refill time to increase by the same multiple as the ratio of selected to min.U. Use 30 gal/day/A. Unlocked Bill of Materials quantity cells on QTYs sheet Unlocked Drawing page to facilitate electronic sketches Relabeled system design options for clarity. Revised trough and water supply sizing to match EQ380.