PVSYST V6.

34

24/02/16 Page 1/4

Stand Alone System: Simulation parameters
Project :

Stand Alone Project at Mumbai

Geographical Site

Mumbai

Situation
Time defined as

Latitude

Meteo data:

Legal Time
Albedo
Mumbai

Country
19.1°N

India

Longitude

72.9°E

Time zone UT+5.5
Altitude
0.20
Synthetic - Meteonorm 6.1

18 m

L
A
I
R
T
t
s
y
s
V
P

Simulation variant :

New simulation variant

Simulation date

24/02/16 15h26

Simulation parameters

Tilt

Collector Plane Orientation
Models used

Transposition

30°

Azimuth

Perez

Diffuse

Erbs, Meteonorm

PV Array Characteristics
PV module

Si-mono

Number of PV modules
Total number of PV modules
Array global power

Model

ZKX-260D-36
Manufacturer CETC Solar
In series 1 modules
Nb. modules 4

Nominal (STC)

Array operating characteristics (50°C)

U mpp

Total area

Module area

1040 Wp
43 V

In parallel
Unit Nom. Power

At operating cond.

I mpp

4 strings
260 Wp

918 Wp (50°C)

21 A

6.7 m²

Cell area

5.8 m²

20.0 W/m²K

Uv (wind)

0.0 W/m²K / m/s

PV Array loss factors
Thermal Loss factor
Wiring Ohmic Loss

Uc (const)
Global array res.

Module Quality Loss
Module Mismatch Losses
Incidence effect, ASHRAE parametrization
System Parameter
Battery
Battery Pack Characteristics

IAM =
System type
Model
Manufacturer
Voltage
Nb. of units

Regulator

Temperature
Model
Technology

35 mOhm

Loss Fraction

1.5 % at STC

1 - bo (1/cos i - 1)

Loss Fraction
Loss Fraction
bo Param.

1.5 %
2.5 % (fixed voltage)
0.05

Stand Alone System
Open 12V / 100 Ah
Generic
48 V
Nominal Capacity

Fixed (20°C)
Generic Default with DC-DC converter
DC-DC converter

Converter
Maxi and EURO efficiencies
Battery Management Thresholds
Charging

97.0/95.0 %
54.7/52.3 V

Back-Up Genset Command

47.3/51.6 V

User's needs :

PVsyst Evaluation mode

100 Ah

4 in series

Daily household consumers
average

Temp coeff.
DC Input voltage
Discharging

Constant over the year
2.9 kWh/Day

-5.0 mV/°C/elem.
0.0V
47.0/50.4 V

34 24/02/16 Page 2/4 Stand Alone System: Detailed User's needs Project : Stand Alone Project at Mumbai Simulation variant : New simulation variant Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV Array Battery battery Pack User's needs System type tilt Nb. of modules Model Stand alone 30° 4 Open 12V / 100 Ah azimuth Pnom total Technology 0° 1040 Wp vented. plates L A I R T t s y s V P Nb.9 kWh/day Annual values Fluorescent lamps Total daily energy PVsyst Evaluation mode Number Power 1 120 W/lamp Use 24 h/day Energy 2880 Wh/day 2880 Wh/day .PVSYST V6. Constant over the year. average = 2. of units Daily household consumers 4 Voltage / Capacity Constant over the year global 48 V / 100 Ah 1051 kWh/year Daily household consumers.

1749 kWh/year 1025 kWh/year Excess (unused) 1682 kWh/kWp/year 672 kWh/year 49.000 February 155.000 March 195.00 89.839 August 122.72 kWh/kWp/day 0.4 177. corr.000 December 135. of units Daily household consumers 4 Voltage / Capacity Constant over the year global 48 V / 100 Ah 1051 kWh/year Available Energy Used Energy Specific prod.72 0.8 123.40 1.40 86.83 81.6 139.28 89.00 89.86 0.2 182.0 Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct New simulation variant Balances and main results GlobHor GlobEff E Avail EUnused E Miss E User E Load kWh/m² kWh/m² kWh kWh kWh kWh kWh January 147.27 0.00 89.38 1024.00 80.985 July 119.34 24/02/16 Page 3/4 Stand Alone System: Main results Project : Stand Alone Project at Mumbai Simulation variant : New simulation variant System type tilt Nb.02 0.40 0.2 68.8 109.28 1.0 89.0 100.5 156.28 1.20 26.4 94. of modules Model Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV Array Battery Stand alone 30° 4 Open 12V / 100 Ah 0° 1040 Wp vented.30 85.3 1940.1 11.00 86.6 62. plates L A I R T t s y s V P battery Pack User's needs Nb.5 1749.20 0.28 89.00 89.4 % 97.28 0.9 165.45 89.000 May 207.0 66.3 172.5 2.3 121.28 1.6 174.64 80.55 2.000 April 202.0 69.77 kWh/kWp/day 0.40 0.7 204.7 188.494 SF : Solar Fraction (ESol / ELoad) : 0.2 Lu : Unused energy (full battery) Lc : Collection Loss (PV-array losses) Ls : System losses and battery charging Yf : Energy supplied to the user 8 1.7 kWh/kWp/day PR : Performance Ratio (Yf / Yr) : 0.00 89.94 89.9 80.000 November 141.49 86.8 83.9 168.48 0.0 177.2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 0.966 October 160.4 15.975 1.10 86.91 83.49 14.3 190.93 7.28 89.7 87.1 162.5 % Main simulation results System Production Performance Ratio PR Loss of Load Time Fraction Solar Fraction SF 2.6 0.28 89.912 September 142.2 672.28 kWh/kWp/day 2.5 % Missing Energy Normalized productions (per installed kWp): Nominal power 1040 Wp 10 26 kWh/year Performance Ratio PR and Solar Fraction SF 1.8 36.28 89.34 74.1 175.40 86.3 187.000 Year 1877.28 1.82 1051.000 June 148.15 0.8 Performance Ratio PR Normalized Energy [kWh/kWp/day] azimuth Pnom total Technology 6 4 0.51 1.98 0.64 1.PVSYST V6.28 1.0 175. for IAM and shadings E User Energy supplied to the user E Avail Available Solar Energy E Load Energy need of the user (Load) EUnused Unused energy (full battery) loss SolFrac Solar fraction (EUsed / ELoad) SolFrac Nov Dec .24 0.40 1.4 2 0.975 Legends: PVsyst Evaluation mode GlobHor Horizontal global irradiation E Miss Missing energy GlobEff Effective Global.00 86.3 80.28 0.0 0.2 103.3 156.

4% Loss by respect to the MPP running -41.4% +0.1% -3.6% 67.5% Array nominal energy (at STC effic.6% -0.6% Ohmic wiring loss -2.PVSYST V6.1% PVsyst Evaluation mode Unused energy (full battery) loss Converter Loss during operation (efficiency) Converter Loss due to power threshold Converter losses (effic.5% 1131 kWh Effective energy at the output of the array -4. overload) Battery Storage Battery Stored Energy balance Battery efficiency loss 1025 kWh Gassing Current (electrolyte dissociation) Battery Self-discharge Current Energy supplied to the user 1051 kWh Energy need of the user (Load) . Horizontal global irradiation Global incident in coll.5% 26.4 kWhDirect use Stored 32.6% PV loss due to temperature -1. plane IAM factor on global Effective irradiance on collectors efficiency at STC = 15.4% -0. of modules Model Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV Array Battery battery Pack User's needs Stand alone 30° 4 Open 12V / 100 Ah azimuth Pnom total Technology 0° 1040 Wp vented.8% 1941 kWh/m² * 7 m² coll.42% PV conversion 2020 kWh -0.34 24/02/16 Page 4/4 Stand Alone System: Loss diagram Project : Stand Alone Project at Mumbai Simulation variant : New simulation variant System type tilt Nb. plates L A I R T t s y s V P Nb.7% Module array mismatch loss -0.0% Module quality loss -1.8% 0. of units Daily household consumers 4 Voltage / Capacity Constant over the year global 48 V / 100 Ah 1051 kWh/year Loss diagram over the whole year 1877 kWh/m² +6.) PV loss due to irradiance level -14.0% Missing energy 1077 kWh 2.4% -2.