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# UNIT 2: MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS

## 1. Choose the correct answer

a)Every scalar matrix is an identity matrix
b)Every identity matrix is a scalar matrix
c)Every diagonal matrix is an identity matrix
d)A square matrix whose each element is an
identity matrix
2. If in a square matrix A=(aij) we find that aij =aji for
all i, j, then A is
a)symmetric matrix b)traiangular matrix
c)transpose matrix d)skew symmetric

a)
c)

## a) aij =0 for all i>j

b)It is not necessary that aij #0 for all ij
c)A must be square matrix
d)The elements in the principal diagonal may or
may not be zero.
4. If O(A)=2x3, O(B)=3x2 and O(C)=3x3, which of
the following is not defined?
a)C(A+B') b)C(A+B')' c)BAC d)CB+A'

8.

17.

b)

[ ]
1 4 3
4 8 0
3 0 7

is

a)

1 2 3
2 8 0
3 0 7

0 2 1
2 0 2
1 2 0

c)

a
b
d

2 3
c 5
e f

11.

If the matrix

is symmetric,

## x is a)1 b)-1 c)0 d) 2

12. Assuming that the sum and products given below
are defined which of the following is not true for
matrices?
a)AB=AC does not imply B=C(A-1 exist)
b)(AB)' =B'A' c)A+B=B+A
d)AB=O A=0or B=0
13. What must be the matrix X if
2X+

1 2
3 4

3 8
7 2

18.

104 105 106
107 108 109

19. D=

= a)1+a+b+c

x
p
p

p q
x q
q x

## = a)0 b)1 c)2 d)3

= (2007)

a)(x+p)(x+q)(x-p-q) b)(x-p)(x-q)(x+p+q)
c)(x-p)(x-q)(x-p-q) d)(x+p)(x+q)(x+p+q)

is a skew

2
4x5
x2
1

a 1
ab
ac
2
ab b 1
bc
2
ac
bc
c 1

d)None

## symmetric matrix, then a+b+c+d+e+f=

a)1 b)0 c)-4 d)10

A=

0
0 1
0 1 0
1 0
0

## statement about the matrix A is

a)A-1 does not exist b)A=(-1)I c)A is a zero matrix
d)A2=I

## If A is a skew symmetric matrix , then (A5 +A8)T is

equal to a)A5 +A8 b)A5 -A8 c)A8 -A5 c)AT +BT
If A is a symmetric matrix and B is a skew symmetric
matrix of the same order , then A2 +B2 is a

1 2 4
6 8 2
2 2 7

16. Let A=

## a)symmetric matrix b)skew symmetric matrix

c)unit matrix d)None
9.

]
]

## If A is a square matrix then AAT is

a)symmetric
b)skew symmetric c)scalar matrix d)unit matrix
If a matrix A is symmetric and skew symmetric then A
is a
a)diagonal matrix b)null matrix

c)Unit matrix
7.

1 3
2 1
2 6
d)
4 2
2 1 4
and A+2B=
3 2 5
b)

5 0 3
then B=
1 6 2
8 1 2
8
1 2
a)
b)
1 10 1
1 10 1
8
1
2
8 1 2
c)
d
1 10 1
1 10 1
2 1
15. If A=
then A4 +A3 -A2 =
3 2

matrix A=(aij)?

6.

[
]
[ ]
[ ] [
[
] [
[ ]
1 3
2 1
2 6
4 2

14. If 2A+3B=

5.

the determinant

## loga n loga n1 loga n2

loga n3 loga n4 loga n5
loga n6 loga n7 loga n8

1
1
1
mC1 m1C1 m2C1
mC 2 m1C2 m2C 2

is equal to

## a)1 b)-1 c)0 d)None of these

22. The value of the determinant =

1 ! 2 ! 3!
2! 3! 4!
3 ! 4 ! 5!

1 1 4 1
0 1 0 0
5 2 3 0
0 2 2 3

23.

singular?
a)2
b)0

3
1x
3
1
x3
1

c)3

2
x2
2

B=

d)1

1a
1
1
1
1b
1
1
1
1c
1 1 1

a b c

33. if

1
d)-a-b-c
abc
x y yz z x
x
y
z
x y yz z x

xa
0
xc

xb
xc
0

a)

=0 is
c)

x
x1
x x1
x1 x
x x1 x2 x1 x x1

## then f(2012) is a)0 b)1 c)200 d)-200 (C07)

29. If l,m,n are pth , qth , rth term of G.P all positive
then

logl
logm
logn

p 1
q 1
r 1

equals

30. If A=

1 1 1
2 1 3
1 1
1

, (CET2007)

c1 c2 c3
a1 a2 a3
b1 b2 b 3

and

then

2 1 4
4 2 3
1 1 2

]
[ ] [ ]
[ ] [ ]

34. If A=

28. If f(x)=

1
2x
3x x1

a1 b1 c 1
a 2 b2 c 2
a3 b3 c 3

## elements of first row are respectively

a)7,11,2 b)1,5,6 c)2,11,7 d)11,7,2

## a)0 b)(x+y+z)3 c)2(x+y+z)3 d)2(x+y+z)2

27. If a#b#c, a root of the equation

0
x a
xb

## a)B=0 b)B=A2 c)A= -B d)A=B(2008)

32. If A and B are square matrices of order 3 such
that|A|=-1. |B| =3 , then |3AB| is equal to
a)-9 b)-81 c)-27 d)81

is

a)-1 b)abc c)

31. If A=
is

of

## 24. For how many values of x in the closed interval

[-4,-1], the matrix

4
2 2
5 0
1 2 3

10B=

0 2 2
0 2 3
3 2 4

8 0 0
0 8 0
0 0 8

b)

5 1 1
1 5 1
1 1 5

0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0

d)

6 0 0
0 6 0
0 0 6

(2007)

## 35. If A(adjA)=5I where I is identity matrix of order

3, then |adjA| is equal to
a)5 b)10 c)125 d)25(2008)
36. If A is a square matrix of order 3 and |A|=8; then |

1
8

## 37. If A is a 3x3 matrix and adjoint of A is B. If

|B|=64, then |A|= a)64 b)4 c)8 d)3
38. If x+3y+z=6, 3x-2y-8z=7 and 4x+5y-3z=17 , By
matrix method x,y,z are
a)1,5,0 b)5,0,1 c)5,1,0 d)None
39. The equation x+2y+3z=1; x-y+4z=0; 2x+y+7z=1
have (CET97)a)only one solution b)only two
solution
c)no solution d)infinitely many solution

c)A-4I/5