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Research Title

FALLING
WATER
ELECTRIC
GENERATOR
Researchers
Bayot, Frans Radi Benedict
Salimbagat, Michael

Lauron, Anagen Eve
Saul, James Khyle
Moya, Emmanuel

Nuñez, Danielle Gayle
Bucay, Chrisel Niña

Acknowledgment
The study aimed to use water as a sufficient supply of electricity that can charge cellphones.
Nevertheless, this study wouldn’t be possible without the everlasting love, care and
assistance from the researchers’ family, who supported them in the procurement of the much
needed logistics and references, cultivated and propagated the Falling Water Electric Generator,
and uplifted the researchers’ emotions when they taken back with discouragements.
The researchers would never forget to acknowledge Ms. Ma. Tresica C. Silvederio who
extended her invaluable time, giving her words of encouragement and patience in explaining the
whole course of the research.
Furthermore, the researchers would like to thank their classmates for the shared information
during casual talks and discussions.
Most of all, the researchers would like to thank God, our Father, the source of all strengths
and wisdom for without His unfaltering love and guidance this study would never be realized.

........................................................ 8 Chapter Two Review of Related Studies 2. 7 1.................................................................................15 1 .................................2 List of Figures.... 13 ...................1 Materials ..... 5 Chapter One Introduction 1....... 7 1.................5 Scope and Delimitations............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4 Abstract ................................................8 1....................................... 12 3...........................2 Procedure .................. 7 ....................11 Chapter Three Methodology 3..............................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Formulation of Hypothesis............................1 Review of Related Studies ............. 6 1................................................................1 Introduction ................... 3 List of Tables ..............TABLE OF CONTENTS ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________ Title Page Acknowledgment Table of Contents ...................... 9 ............................................................................................ 1 ..................................................4 Significance of the Study ..........................................2 Statement of the Problem ..........................................

...2 Recommendation ................................ 19 Chapter Five Conclusion and Recommendations 5......... 21 ............................................................................... 16.............................................................................21 Bibliography .............................................. 20 ..................Chapter Four Results and Discussion 4...................1 Conclusions ............................................. 20 5..................................................................................................22 2 ....18 4................1 Data and Results....................................................................2 Discussion …...................

....................... 1 Materials ......................................... 12 Fig........................ 13 Fig....... 2 Attaching the Spoons .......................................................... 18 Fig.............................. 15 Fig......................................... 3 Drilling the Plastic Bottle …........................................................... ......... 4 Drying up the Set-up …..... 5 Testing the Set-up ................................................List of Figures ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________ Fig...................................................................................................... 15 Fig.............................................................. 6 Voltage of Trial 1-C (3/4 was covered) ….........................................................................18 3 ....................... 14 Fig.................................................. 7 Voltage of Trial 2-C (3/4 was covered) ….............................

............. 17 Table2........................... Data Gathered From the Faucet (Trial 1) ........................................... 18 4 .............LIST OF TABLES ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________ Table1........................... Data Gathered From the Faucet (Trial 2) ........................

ABSTRACT Ancient times. the water hits the plates causing the wheel to turn. people used a simple machine called water wheel to produce a specific motion using the movement of the water in the rivers or any other source. They made a hydroelectric generator out of indigenous materials and tried if it can charge a phone. the speed of water became faster than before so does the turbine too. When they observed the phone. the turbine turned but the energy produce is not enough to charge the phone but when they partially covered 3/4 of opening of the faucet. it charged for 1% in 3 minutes and 47 seconds on the first trial while on the second trial is 2 minutes and 13 seconds. This study proves that even you are using your water in your house. it can generate energy that can lessen your electric bills and can recycle water. 5 . It does not produce atmospheric pollutants and does not generate greenhouse gases. They compared their data gathered from charger that is connected from common outlet and the result is 1 minute and 16 seconds. They tried it using water from the faucet where the turbine concentrating to the faucet. People want power to heat. When the faucet turned on. light their homes and to run machines. The water wheel is located below a source of falling water. It captures the water in plates that is normal to the wheel. The researchers thought and searched for alternative sources of energy.

Ismail Seragildin (August 1995) once said “The wars of the twenty-first century will be fought on waters” and as 21st century learners. we can lift our country from deficiency of electricity. we are looking forward to exploit water that we are using for our daily living and utilize every hour in fighting against electricity crisis. flood control and etc. which then turns a metal shaft in an electric generator. which is the motor that produces electricity. Hydroelectric power reservoirs store water that can be use in a number of ways not only on producing electricity but also in water supply. So. Modern hydro turbines can convert more than 90 percent of available energy into electricity. By means of this project.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower. A power source is used to turn a propeller-like piece called a turbine. storing power in the form of water when demands are low and producing maximum power during daily and seasonal peak periods. making it the most efficient generation source. 6 . the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. the researchers figured out in making hydroelectric generator and use recycled materials that can be seen anywhere or inside the house to make it more affordable. The reservoir acts much like a battery. The researchers conducted this study because our country has an ample amount of water but has insufficient amount of electricity.

In lieu with this. 7 . the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling water. this research intends to answer the following questions:   What is/are the factor/factors that can affect the speed of the water? How can the speed of water affects the amount of energy produced by the set-up to the   charging status of the phone? What is the relationship of the area of the faucet to the speed of water? How long does the generator increase the battery level into 1%? 5%? FORMULATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS The falling water generator can supply energy needed to charge a phone. such as electricity. the researchers ought to look for some alternative sources for it to be more applied and flexible. Common hydroelectric generators are used in large scale wherein the source can either be a falls or dam. Specifically. the researcher opted for a study that investigates the possibility to use falling water electric generator as a source of energy to charge a cellphone. Water which has been the most essential element for quenching one's thirst. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY To attain the visibility of the most demanded avenues as the population grows. taking baths. and washing could also be a source of electricity.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower.

use water for its common purposes and harness energy that can charge cellphones. the science of possibilities containing strategies with the researchers’ capability aspires to voice this study out. 8 . coal. The study contributes one solution to this dilemma. Its elements are the turbine. It avoids depleting non-renewable fuel resources (i. in large-scale generators. dynamo. The set-up of this study provides low operating and maintenance costs since the materials used are either recycled or reused. 2015-2016) in Consolacion National High School – Day Class. glue gun. It saves fuel. cutter. SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY This study was conducted for it releases free energy as we keep the water falling. voltmeter and alligator clips. they have conducted this kind of study.Y. either the temperature or the quality of water will not be affected thus it cannot pose danger to the person using the water and the environment. The hydroelectric research was conducted on third week of June until second week of February (S. Using the falling water generator every time we consume water is like hitting two birds with one stone .e. oil). Since the use of electrical energy is really going adamant. There is an assurance that this promotes 3R’s. It does not produce atmospheric pollutants and does not generate greenhouse gases. This research has been done with the use of indigenous materials and some tools like an electric drill. screwdriver..This study aims to use water as an alternative source of supply of electricity and admits advantages for it's safe and simple. the shaft. and charger. As much as the researches would want to help everyone to conserve our natural resources. But in this set-up. problems regarding the quality and temperature of water arise. gas. Furthermore.

p.14. Howd – which was later improved upon by James B. p. 1983). S. The improvements in technology and need for electricity replaced the waterwheels with modern day turbines (Korkmaz. there is question as to the soundness of this evidence.S. the metal waterwheels by Benoit Fourneyron. which comes from ancient manuscripts by Philo the Greek. There is uncertainty as to the date of the first water wheel.E.. Reynolds cites British scholar Joseph Needham as finding evidence in ancient Indian texts of waterwheels from 350 B. 2006). 2006). p. 19th century was the turning point for the utilization of water power. It is believed that the Greeks used waterwheels to grind wheat into flour at this time (Department of Energy. and then Samuel B. (Reynolds.79. 2008). Even by the time of the Western Industrialization. After the 1800s. (Reynolds. Francis.14.80. as well as late medieval and Renaissance Europe (Smil. 2007). The Greeks used water in wheels where they grind wheat into flour more than 2000 years ago (U. due to possible interpretation errors from reading the ancient scriptures. power from waterwheels was relied upon as much as the steam engine (Smil. However.E. Instead. led to the development of the water turbine. there existed only wooden waterwheels that suffered from low efficiencies and maintenance problems (Smil. p. Department of Energy. but later 9 .E. Waterwheels eventually found their way into the Middle East by the 10th century C. p. 1983). 2006).CHAPTER II Related Literature and Studies The power of water has been used by humans for thousands of years.82.C. but T. During the time of the Western Industrialization pre-1800s. scholars turn to next piece of historical evidence.C. Water turbines were originally directly connected to industrial plants. 2008). however. a technician who lived under the Byzantine Empire around the 3rd century B.

“Throughout the 1990s in order to maximize this source of energy for electricity production. The more water that passes through a dam. p.Sept. “Hydroelectric power is produced as water passes through a dam. A hydroelectric generator converts this mechanical energy into electrical energy. the more energy is produced. The rotor is attached to the 10 . and into a river below. it is transported along huge transmission lines to an electric utility company. http://www.mbgnet.” Retrieved February 10. 2008) A hydroelectric dam converts mechanical energy to electrical energy by means of a turbine and alternator. Whenever electricity is produced.altenergy.html. Today. Once electricity is produced.org/renewables/hydroelectric.Web. electromagnets are made by circulating direct current through loops of wire wound around stacks of magnetic steel laminations.” AlternativeEnergy.” “Hydroelectric Power.html.28. a hydropower facility consists of a water reservoir enclosed by a dam whose gates can open or close depending on how much water is needed to produce a particular amount of electricity. the world’s hydroelectric plants are primarily powered by water turbines that capture the energy in water flowing through a dam (Department of Energy. He found that when a magnet is moved past a conductor. As to how this generator works Corps of Engineers explains it this way: “A hydraulic turbine converts the energy of flowing water into mechanical energy.used to generate electricity (Smil. it is transported along huge transmission lines to an electric utility company.2015.net/fresh/rivers/dams. In a large generator. 2006). These are called field poles.82. Dams are one of the products of this study. Dams are one of the products of this study. 2016. and are mounted on the perimeter of the rotor. from http://www. The operation of a generator is based on the principles discovered by Faraday. it causes electricity to flow.

in turn. When the rotor turns.turbine shaft. it causes the field poles (the electromagnets) to move past the conductors mounted in the stator.” (Perlman. and rotates at a fixed speed. This. causes electricity to flow and a voltage to develop at the generator output terminals. 2015) CHAPTER III Methodology 11 .

2. Gather 8 plastic spoons. The Turbine 1. 12 . Materials Procedure: A. Warm up the glue gun and load it with glue stick. cut the spoon handles leaving a 1 cm stem from the bowl of the spoon.Materials Needed:      20L Plastic Gallon 10 Plastic Spoons 18-inch long Curtain Rod Thin Wire Dynamo (ceiling fan) Cellular Phone Charger 3 Glue Sticks 2 DVD/CD Discs Permanent Marker Marine Epoxy 1Bearing (motor bearing/small) 1 Spray Paint Cutter Glue Gun Pair of Scissors Phillip Screw (Screwdriver) Ruler Tools Needed:    2 Alligator Clips Electric Drill Voltmeter Figure 1. Using the wire cutters.

Cover it with the other disc.3. Repeat step 4 with the remaining 7 spoons. Apply epoxy in it. Stick it with glue. Mix the epoxy properly. 7. Put the first spoon on the disc and paste it with the use of glue gun. Adjust the angle of the spoons so that they are evenly spaced and all projects from the disc at the same angle. Apply it with the epoxy. 6. Insert the bearing into the rod and slide it into the disc passing through the bearing. 13 . 8. 5. 4.

Figure 2. Get the plastic container and tear off any labels that might be attached to the sides. The Housing or the Body 1. cut part of the bottom off. Using scissors or a cutter. 14 . Applying Epoxy to Spoons to the Disc B.

2. 4. find the center of the side as accurately as you can. 7. Mark this point with the permanent marker. Figure3. 5. Drilling the Plastic Bottle C. 6. Cut the remaining rod. 3. Spray it with the spray paint. Drill a hole through the plastic at the mark on each side of the container. Cut the thin wire and hook it up into the dynamo. 15 . Final Assembly 1. Repeat step 3 until all holes are hooked up on the rod. 2. Stick them with glue and apply epoxy. 3. Using a ruler. if it is too long. Repeat for the other side. Attach the dynamo facing to the turbine. Paste the other part of the dynamo into the rod. Slide the rod into the plastic. Leave it to dry.

Testing the Set-up CHAPTER IV Results and Discussion Data and Results:  During the first testing of the set-up. 4. charger. the cellphone didn’t charge even if the faucet was  turned on to its maximum level. 6. Use the alligator clips to hold the tip of the wire from the dynamo and clip it to the other. Gather the materials such as alligator clips. 3. be sure that the set-up is already dry. Turn on the faucet and measure the flow of the water. Repeat this to the other side. Observe the results of the set-up Figure5. Get the set-up.Figure4. these data were gathered: 16 . Be sure that the turbine is concentrated at the faucet. cellular phone. and voltmeter. Drying up the Set-up D. When the opening of the faucet was covered. Test the set-up 1. 2. Place the set-up near the faucet. 5.

9 – 41.5 ¾ was covered Charged in 3 min & 47 sec 87.8 ¾ was covered Not stable 57.2 ½ was covered Not stable 14.12 mL/s Table2.15 mL/s (160 mL for 1. Data gathered from the faucet (Trial 1).6 No cover Not stable 19.7 – 37. Trials Rate of Falling Opening Charging Status Water of the Faucet (Charged for 1 %) Voltage of the Set-up (volts) No cover No status 20.6 – 21.3 – 63. Data gathered from the faucet (Trial 2).68s) B 95.8 – 25.2 – 63.7 ¾ was covered Not stable 43.5 – 52.9 – 49.7 (160 mL for 1. Trials Rate of Falling Opening Charging Status Water of the Faucet (Charged for 1 %) Voltage of the Set-up (volts) No cover No status 11.6 ½ was covered Charged in 4 min & 32 sec 60.24 mL/s (160 mL for 0.66s) A 60.82s) C 195.Table1.5 – 25.5 ¾ was covered Not stable 59.8 (160 mL for 2.7 ½ was covered Not stable 37.1 – 17.42s) A 112.6 ½ was covered Not stable 31.68 mL/s 17 .4 No cover Not stable 46.

2 . 89 mL/s Data gathered from the common outlet:  Charging Status in 1% is 1 minute and 16 seconds  Charging Status in 5% is 6 minutes and 43 seconds Figure6. Voltage of Trial 1-C (3/4 was covered) 18 .79s) B 202.(160 mL for 0.89.3 (160 mL for 0.8 – 63.7 ½ was covered Charged in 3 min & 08 sec 92.3 No cover Not stable 86.7 ½ was covered Not stable 54.2 – 88.5 ¾ was covered Charged in 2 min & 13 sec 118.53s) C 301.4 – 56.53 mL/s No cover Not stable 48.4 ¾ was covered Not stable 76.

then the speed of the water is slow but when the area is small. Voltage of Trial 2-C (3/4 was covered) Discussion: Based on the data gathered. the energy receive by the turbine is not enough to supply the voltage needed by the charger to work. the phone charged for 5% in just 14 minutes and 6. which are trial C. The data shows the inverse relationship between the areas of the faucet where water can flow and the speed of the water exiting from the faucet. On the other hand. which are trials A. the phone was charged that was ejected at the outlet at charged for 5% in just 6 minutes and 43 seconds. it is because the voltage is not stable eventhough the area of the opening of the faucet is covered into 3/4. the energy produced that by the generator will vary depending on the area of the faucet that is covered and the speed of water. Using the set-up. When the area of the faucet where the water can flow is large. it can produce a stable voltage that can charge a phone. the flow 19 . When the speed of the water is slow.9 seconds.Figure7. When the speed of the water is fast.

rate is fast.and the source being turned on to its maximum level or the flow rate. it also affects the voltage of the generator as well. the greater the voltage which the hydroelectric generator can produce and the slower the speed of water becomes. this causes the dynamo to turn fast. Using the generator. It means the mean flow rates at all cross sections (inflow & outflow) having equal areas are then equal. the flow rate is fast. The data shows the inverse relationship between the areas of the faucet where water can flow and the speed of the water exiting from the faucet. Thus. CHAPTER V Conclusion Some of the factors that can affect the speed of water are the opening or the area of the faucet where the water comes out is covered . then the product of the area of the opening of the faucet and the speed of water will be equal for any two cross sections within that reach. When the area of the faucet where the water can flow is large. This phenomenon is commonly known as the Continuity Equation. the battery level increased 20 . generating more energy called voltage thus resulting for the phone to charge. Moreover. then the speed of water is inversely proportional to the areas of the respective cross sections which are the inflow and the outflow. if the flow of water is constant in a channel. and if the areas are not equal. when the speed of falling water is fast. The study shows that the faster the speed of water. then the speed of the water is slow but when the area is small.

make the voltage constant If possible.conserve-energy- future. Recommendation To improve this study. benefits and cons of hydro energy.9 seconds. And for 5% is 14 minutes and 6. it may lead to malfunctioning of the set-up. Furthermore. 2016. from Hydro Power. 2016.org/renewables/hydroelectric. made portable device that is similar to the study and can be easily used during emergencies situations Bibliography  Davison.altenergy.into 1% in an average of 3 minutes. falling water electric generator can be a source of energy to charge a cellphone.html  Advantages of Hydro power. (2013.com/Advantages_HydroPower. http://www. Retrieved January 26. Retrieved January 26. Renewable energy. from http://www. If possible. January 20).php 21 . hydroelectric power. the researchers recommend the following:       If possible. A. connect the set-up to a bulb Improve the structural form of the set-up Increase the voltage that has been produced by the set-up Do not expose the dynamo in water.

. August 9). from http://www. Retrieved February 1. advantages & disadvantages video & lesson transcript Available from http://study. H.homepower. (2015.html  Disadvantages of Hydro power . Hydroelectric energy: Definition.html 22 . from USGS water-science school. S. from Hydro Power. from http://www. Retrieved February 13. Advantages. 2016. & USGS. (n.orst. (2013. Retrieved January 26.org/record/8599  Perlman.psu. January 20). http://www.personal. htm  By Brett Bergen Hydropower: A comprehensive review.html  Continuity equation.com/articles/microhydro-power/basics/get-started-microhydropower  Friedl.gov/edu/hydroadvantages. from http://water. Build your own hydroelectric generator. from http://www.. 2016.conserve-energyfuture.php  Get started with Microhydro power. Hydroelectric power. uses.com/academy/lesson/hydroelectricenergy-definition-uses-advantages-disadvantages.edu/bzb116/art101hw5.usgs.d. from http://www. 2016.fsl. 2016.).conserve energy future. 2016. 2016. Retrieved January 26.com/Disadvantages_HydroPower.howtosmile.edu/geowater/FX3/help/8_Hydraulic_Reference/Continuity_Equation. Retrieved January 26. Retrieved January 26.