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Pré – Exame Inglês

Verão 2006
UFRGS
INTERPRETAÇÃO DE TEXTOS EM INGLÊS
1 – Ler as questões de interpretação a fim de obter
informações sobre o texto a ser lido.

key-words:
- title – título
- main – principal
- aim – objetivo; propósito
- infer – inferir
- refer to – referir-se a
- according to – de acordo com
- purpose – propósito
- suitable – adequado
INTERPRETAÇÃO DE TEXTOS EM INGLÊS

2. Ler o texto rapidamente a fim de perceber sua idéia
principal.

3. Ler novamente o texto destacando:
- Verbos conhecidos (regulares, irregulares e
modais)
- Advérbios (not, never, always, ...)
- Conjunções (yet, although, if, often, very, ...)
- Números ( quantidades, datas, valores, ...)
QUESTÕES DE INTERPRETAÇÃO

The best title for the text above is

(A) Tolkien Tradition Revisited
(B) Fantasy Forever
(C) Science Fiction Franchises
(D) Fantasy in Literature
(E) American popular Culture
QUESTÕES DE INTERPRETAÇÃO
The text tells the reader that

(A) Sci-fi movies became popular twenty-five years
ago.
(B) Since the turn of the millenium, American have had
fantastic dreams.
(C) Tolkien wrote the Lord of the Rings to instruct his
children.
(D) American´s faith in science and technology has
diminished.
(E) The Hobbit was written in the West Midland dialect.
GRAMÁTICA

Sufixos formadores de adjetivos:

FUL ISH OUS ABLE LIKE
powerful foolish dangerous comfortable childlike

Y LESS IVE AL IC
funny hopeless attractive national pessimistic
GRAMÁTICA
Sufixos formadores de substantivos:

MENT ER/OR/AR ITY HOOD
agreement teacher superiority neighborhood

SHIP ION NESS
relantionship creation hapiness

Sufixos formadores de verbos:
EM IFY IZE/ISE
shorten simplify legalize
ADVÉRBIOS

adjective + ly = advérbio de modo
ex: mainly, correctly, easily, quickly

ATTENTION!
friendly = amigável
lovely = amável
lonely = solitário
ugly = feio
PREPOSIÇÕES

into Ambos usados com verbos não
onto estáticos (translate, turn)

on
upon
sobre
over
about
PREPOSIÇÕES
among (+2 ítens indefinidos)
X
between (2 ítens ou + 2definidos)
below (abaixo)
X
above (acima)

throughout – por todo o
VOZ PASSIVA (to be + participle)
1. She saw Peter at the bus stop yesterday.

Peter was seen by her at the stop yesterday.

2. I`ll cook pizza tonight.
Pizza will be cooked (by me) tonight.

3. The boy is cleaning his room.
His room is being cleaned by the boy.
CONJUNÇÕES
Indicam idéia de acréscimo:
besides
furthermore
moreover além de
in addition to
beyond that

Indicam idéia de condição:
if
whether se

provided that
as long as desde que
CONJUNÇÕES
Indicam idéia de contraste, concessão:

but although
however though embora
nevertheless mas even though
nonetheless
yet
instead of
rather than ao invés de
despite
in spite of apesar de
CONJUNÇÕES
Indicam idéia de causa, conclusão:
so
therefore então
then
thus because of
due to por causa de
since according to
because porque
as
for
Indicam idéia de finalidade:
in order to
a fim de in order that a fim de que
so as to so that
QUESTÕES IMPORTANTES

The word Besides could be replaced by

(A) In addition to
(B) Close to
(C) Except for
(D) Provided that
(E) In spite off
QUESTÕES IMPORTANTES
Qual das passagens abaixo apresenta a
mesma classe de elementos de “most useless
magazines”?

(A) very outrageous reports

(B) lovely decorated apartments

(C) wonderful national beauties

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