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Base Form Simple Past Tense Past Participle ING Form

arise = surgir, levanter, erguer-se arose arisen arising
Awake = acordar, despertar awoke awoken awaking
backslide = deteriorar, retroceder; backslid backslidden / backslid backsliding
be = ser, estar was, were been being
bear = sustentar; tolerar; sofrer; bore born bearing
beat = bater; espancar; superar; vibrar beat beat beating
become = tornar-se became become becoming
begin = começar began begun beginning
bend = inclinar-se, curvar-se, dobrar-se bent bent bending
beset = importunar, incomodar beset beset besetting
bet = apostar bet bet betting
bid (farewell) = oferecer; convidar bid / bade bidden biding
bid (offer amount) = leiloar bid bid biding
bind = atar; amarrar; obrigar bound bound binding
bite = morder bit bitten biting
bleed = sangrar bled bled bleeding
blow = soprar blew blown blowing
break = quebrar broke broken breaking
breed = procriar; gerar bred bred breeding
bring = trazer brought brought bringing
broadcast = transmitir; difundir broadcast broadcast broadcasting
build = construir, edificar; fabricar built built building
burn = queimar; incendiar; carbonizar burned/burnt burned/burnt burning
burst = arrebentar; explodir burst burst bursting
buy = comprar bought bought buying
cast = arremessar, jogar, lançar; cast cast casting
catch = pegar caught caught catching
choose = escolher chose chosen choosing
cling = agarrar, pregar, grudar, segurar clung clung clinging
clothe = vestir, cobrir clothed / clad clothed / clad clothing
come = vir came come coming
cost = custar cost cost costing
creep = rastejar, arrastar-se no chão; crept crept creeping
crossbreed = cruzar raças crossbred crossbred crossbreeding
cut = cortar cut cut cutting
daydreamed / daydreamed /
daydream = sonhar acordado daydreming
daydreamt daydreamt
deal = negociar, lidar dealt dealt dealing
dig = cavar dug dug digging
disprove = refutar, alegar disproved disproved / disproven disproving
dive (jump head-first) = mergulhar de cabeça dove / dived dived diving
dive (scuba diving) = mergulhar dived / dove dived diving
do = fazer did done doing
draw = desenhar drew drawn drawing
dream = sonhar dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt dreaming
drive = dirigir, guiar drove driven driving
drink = beber drank drunk drinking
dwell = residir; ficar por um tempo dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled dwelling
eat = comer ate eaten eating
fall = cair fell fallen falling
feed = alimentar fed fed feeding
feel = sentir felt felt feeling
fight = lutar, combater fought fought fighting
find = encontrar found found finding
fit (tailor, change size) = combinar, encaixar fitted / fit fitted / fit fitting
fit (be right size) = caber; ajustar fit / fitted fit / fitted fitting
flee = fugir, escapar fled fled fleeing
fling = lançar; arremessar; atirar; flung flung flinging
fly = voar; viajar (aérea); flew flown flying
forbid = proibir; impedir; evitar; vetar forbade forbidden forbiding
forecast = prever, profetizar; projetar forecast forecast forecasting
forego (forgo) = anteceder a algo, vir
forewent foregone foregoing
diante de algo, preceder
foresee = prever, antever foresaw foreseen foreseeing
foretell = prognosticar, prever;
foretold foretold foretelling
profetizar
forget = esquecer forgot forgotten forgetting
forgive = perdoar forgave forgiven forgiving
forsake = abandonar, desertar, forsook forsaken forsaking
freeze = congelar; refrigerar; gelar froze frozen freezing
frostbite = enregelar, causar ulceração
pelo frio, enregelamento parcial dos frostbit frostbitten frostbiting
dedos, orelhas
get = conseguir, obter got gotten getting
give = dar gave given giving
go = ir went gone going
grind = triturar; pulverizar; afiar;
amolar; ralar; esfregar; ranger os ground ground grinding
dentes; persistir (nos estudos)
grow = crescer grew grown growing
hand-feed = alimentar com a mão hand-fed hand-fed hand-feeding
handwrite = manuscrever, escrever a
handwrote handwritten handwriting
mão
hang = enforcar; ser enforcado;
hung hung hanging
(informática) travar, parar de funcionar
have = ter had had having
hear = ouvir heard heard hearing
hew = reduzir; cortar (com machado) hewed hewn / hewed hewing
hide = esconder hid hidden hiding
hit = bater hit hit hitting
hold = segurar held held holding
hurt = ferir; doer; magoar; hurt hurt hurting
inbreed = cruzar animais de uma
inbred inbred inbreeding
mesma raça/sangue
inlay = enquadrar, cravar inlaid inlaid inlaying
input = entrada, informação fornecida a
um computador para posterior
input / inputted input / inputted inputting
processamento (Informática); algo que
é inserido;
interbreed = cruzar, produzir híbridos interbred interbred interbreeding
interweave = trançar; combinar; interwoven /
interwove / interweaved interweaving
entremear; tecer; mesclar; misturar interweaved
interwind = entrelaçar, intregar interwound interwound interwinding
jerry-build = construir às pressas,
jerry-built jerry-built jerry-building
construir de forma negligente
keep = guardar, manter kept kept keeping
kneel = ajoelhar-se knelt knelt kneeling
knit = tricotar; atar; enlaçar; unir; ligar;
knit knit kniting
fazer renda
know = conhecer, saber knew know knowing
lay = pôr, meter, colocar, estender,
enterrar, deitar, acalmar, aquietar,
laid laid laying
aplacar; ordenar, mandar; traçar,
projetar
lead = conduzir, guiar, comandar led led leading
leap = saltar, pular, transportar; cobrir
leaped/leapt leaped/leapt leaping
(os animais)
learn = aprender learned/learnt learned/learnt learning
leave = deixar, partir left left leaving
lend = emprestar lent lent lending
let = deixar, permitir let let letting
lie = deitar; descansar; estar deitado;
lay lain ling
encostar-se; repousar; estar situado
lie (not tell truth) REGULAR = mentir, enganar lied lied ling
light = iluminar lighted/lit lighted lighting
lip-read = ler os lábios lip-read lip-read lip-reading
lose = perder lost lost losing
make = fazer made made making
mean = significar meant meant meaning
meet = encontrar met met meeting
miscast = enganar-se na distribuição
dos papéis (teatro, etc); enganar-se no miscast miscast miscasting
cálculo (matemática)
misdeal = dar as cartas de forma errada,
dar as cartas inapropiadamente (num misdealt misdealt misdealting
jogo de cartas)
misdo = agir mal misdid misdone misdoing
mishear = escutar errado, errar no
misheard misheard mishearing
entendimento do que foi dito
mislay = perder, colocar em lugar
mislaid mislaid mislaying
errado
mislead = enganar, mostrar o caminho
misled misled misleading
errado, iludir
mislearn = aprender errado mislearned / mislearnt mislearned / mislearnt mislearning
misread = ler errado, traduzir errado misread misread misreading
misset = colocar errado misset misset misseting
misspeak = falar errado, cometer um
misspoke misspoken misspeaking
erro de pronúncia
misspell = soletrar de forma errada,
misspelled / misspelt misspelled / misspelt misspelling
equivocar-se na ortografia
misspend = esbanjar, desperdiçar,
misspent misspent misspending
gastar demais
mistake = errar; cometer um lapso mistook mistaken mistaking
misteach = ensinar incorretamente, de
mistaught mistaught misteaching
maneira errada
misunderstand = entender mal,
misunderstandin
equivocar-se, enganar-se, compreender misunderstood misunderstood
g
mal
miswrite = escrever errado miswrote miswritten miswriting
mow = cortar (grama), picar mowed mowed/mown mowing
offset = contrabalançar, compensar;
indenizar; imprimir (pelo método offset offset offseting
offset)
outbid = oferecer um preço mais alto
outbid outbid outbiding
que
outbreed = fazer criação outbred outbred outbreeding
outdo = ultrapassar, exceder outdid outdone outdoing
outdraw = sacar (arma) mais rápido do
que o inimigo; possuir força de atração outdrew outdrawn outdrawing
superior aos demais
outdrink = beber demais outdrank outdrunk outdrinking
outdrive = dirigir mais e melhor outdrove outdriven outdriving
outfight = combater melhor do que-;
outfought outfought outfighting
vencer no combate sobre-
outfly = voar melhor do que outflew outflown outflying
outgrow = crescer mais rápido que- outgrew outgrown outgrowing
outleap = pular diante de, saltar mais
outleaped / outleapt outleaped / outleapt outleaping
que
outlie (not tell truth) REGULAR = ficar situado
outlied outlied outling
além de um limite
outride = montar melhor que-; montar
outrode outridden outtriding
mais rápido
outrun = correr mais rápido que-;
outran outrun outruning
ultrapassar o-
outsell = vender mais que; vender mais
outsold outsold outselling
rápido que
outshine = brilhar mais; brilhar por
outshined / outshone outshined / outshone outshining
mais tempo
outshoot = atirar melhor que-, ser
outshot outshot outshooting
melhor em tiro que-
outsing = cantar melhor que outsang outsung outsinging
outsit = sentar mais que, por mais
outsat outsat outsiting
tempo
outsleep = dormir demais outslept outslept outsleeping
outsmell = cheirar demais outsmelled / outsmelt outsmelled / outsmelt outsmelling
outspeak = falar demais outspoke outspoken outspeaking
outspeed = mover com velocidade;
outsped outsped outspeeding
dirigir muito rápido
outspend = gastar além da conta,
outspent outspent outspending
estourar o orçamento
outswear = jurar demais outswore outsworn outswearing
outswim = nadar melhor que-; nadar
outswam outswum outswimming
mais rápido que-
outthink = pensar mais tempo que; ser
outthought outthought outthinking
mais inteligente que
outthrow = arremessar melhor que,
outthrew outthrown outthrowing
mais rápido que
outwrite = escrever melhor e mais
outwrote outwritten outwriting
rápido que
overbid = oferecer um preço
exagerado; oferecer proposta de preço overbid overbid overbiding
alta de mais
overbreed = procriar; gerar; fazer
overbred overbred overbreeding
criação em excesso
overbuild = construir em demasia overbuilt overbuilt overbuilding
overbuy = comprar demais overbought overbought overbuying
overcome = sujeitar, submeter, superar overcame overcome overcome
overdo = exagerar, abusar; sobrepujar;
overdid overdone overdo
fatigar-se
overdraw = sacar a descoberto, emitir
overdrew overdrawn overdrawing
cheques sem fundo (no banco)
overdrink = exagerar na bebida overdrank overdrunk overdrinking
overeat = exagerar na comida overate overeaten overeating
overfeed = alimentar demais; exagerar
overfed overfed overfeeding
na alimentação
overhang = ressaltar, sobressair; ficar
overhung overhung overhanging
preso sobre-; saltar sobre
overhear = ouvir por acaso; ouvir
overheard overheard overhearing
aleatoriamente
overlay = cobrir, revestir overlaid overlaid overlaying
overpay = pagar demais; dar um salário
overpaid overpaid overpaying
alto demais
override = exceder; cancelar (decisão,
overrode overridden overriding
autoridade);
overrun = invadir; expandir; inundar;
exceder; ultrapassar; transbordar; overran overrun overrunning
imprimir em excesso
oversee = fiscalizar, inspecionar,
oversaw overseen overseeing
administrar
oversell = vender mais do que pode ser
oversold oversold overselling
produzido ou fornecido
oversew = costurar; juntar, pregar em
oversewed oversewn / oversewed oversewing
excesso
overshoot = atirar além de-; errar o
overshot overshot overshooting
alvo, errar o objetivo
oversleep = dormir além da conta,
overslept overslept oversleeping
dormir demasiadamente
overspeak = falar demais overspoke overspoken overspeaking
overspend = tirar de mais (dinheiro);
overspent overspent overspending
gastar demais (dinheiro)
overspill = aquilo que foi derramado;
overspilled / overspilt overspilled / overspilt overspilling
(ato de ) derramar ou entornar
overtake = alcançar (um objetivo),
overtook overtaken overtaking
conseguir; atacar repentinamente
overthink = pensar demais overthought overthought overthinking
overthrow = lançar uma bola além da
marca (Esporte); causar a queda (de um
overthrew overthrown overthrowing
governo, de um objeto); terminar,
abolir, pôr fim; ejetar, expelir
overwind = dar corda em excesso overwound overwound overwinding
overwrite = escrever demais overwrote overwritten overwriting
partake = partilhar; participar partook partaken partaking
pay = pagar paid paid paying
plead = alegar; defender; implorar pled pled pleading
prebuild = construir previamente prebuilt prebuilt prebuilding
predo = estar previamente predid predone predoing
premake = fazer previamente premade premade premaking
prepay = pagar previamente prepaid prepaid prepaying
presell = comprar previamente presold presold preselling
preset = preparar anteriormente;
colocar anteriormente, posicionar preset preset presetting
previamente
preshrink = escolher previamente preshrank preshrunk preshrinking
proofread = corrigir; revisar proofread proofread proofreading
prove = provar; mostrar; tentar;
proved proved/proven proving
demonstrar; verificar
put = pôr put put putting
quick-freeze - congelamento rápido,
quick-froze quick-frozen quick-freezing
submeter a congelação rápida.
quit = abandonar; largar; sair;
desocupar (apartamento); desistir; quit / quitted quit / quitted quitting
soltar; livrar-se; se despedir
read = ler read read reading
reawake = despertar de novo reawoke reawaken reawaking
rebid = reoferta rebid rebid rebiding
rebind = reatar rebound rebound rebinding
rebroadcast / rebroadcast /
rebroadcast = transmitir novamente rebroadcasting
rebroadcasted rebroadcasted
rebuild = reconstruir rebuilt rebuilt rebuilding
recast = reformar, dar a forma
recast recast recasting
novamente; passar a limpo
recut = recortar recut recut recuting
redeal = renegociação; revenda redealt redealt redealing
redo = refazer, fazer novamente redid redone redoing
redraw = fazer novo projeto ou
redrew redrawn redrawing
desenho, redesenhar
refit (replace parts) = equipar de novo refit / refitted refit / refitted refiting
refit (retailor) = refitted / refit refitted / refit refitting
regrind = rerretificar; tornar a retificar;
reesmerilar; reesmerilhar; tornar a reground reground regrinding
esmerilar ou esmerilhar
regrow = crescer novamente, nascer
regrew regrown regrowing
novamente, florescer novamente
rehang = pendurar novamente, enforcar
rehung rehung rehanging
novamente, dependurar renovadamente
rehear = preparar audição novamente,
reheard reheard rehearing
refazer depoimento
reknit = tricotar novamente reknitted / reknit reknitted / reknit reknitting
relay (for example tiles) = relaid relaid relaying
relay (pass along) REGULAR = relayed relayed relaying
relearn = reaprender relearned / relearnt relearned / relearnt relearning
relight = reacender, ligar novamente,
relit / relighted relit / relighted relighting
acender uma vez mais
remake = refazer remade remade remaking
repay = reembolsar, indenizar, retribuir repaid repaid repaying
reread = reler reread reread rereading
rerun = reprise reran rerun rerunning
resell = revender resold resold reselling
resend = mandar de volta resent resent resending
reset = zerar reset reset resetting
resew = costurar novamente resewed resewn / resewed resewing
retake = pegar de volta; pagar de novo retook retaken retaking
reteach = reensinar retaught retaught reteaching
retear = romper novamente retore retorn retearing
retell = recontar retold retold retelling
rethink = repensar rethought rethought rethinking
retread = recauchutar retread retread retreading
retrofit = melhorar, aperfeiçoar retrofitted / retrofit retrofitted / retrofit retrofitting
(equipamento)
rewake = reacordar rewoke / rewaked rewaken / rewaked rewaking
rewear = reusar (roupas) rewore reworn rewearing
reweave = tecer novamente rewove / reweaved rewoven / reweaved reweaving
rewed = reunir rewed / rewedded rewed / rewedded reweding
rewet = reencharcar rewet / rewetted rewet / rewetted rewetting
rewin = reobter rewon rewon rewining
rewind = ventilar novamente rewound rewound rewinding
rewrite = reescrever rewrote rewritten rewriting
rid = libertar; resgatar; livrar (-se) rid rid ridding
ride = cavalgar rode ridden riding
ring = tocar rang rung ringing
rise = levantar, aumentar rose risen rising
roughcast = esboçar, modelar em bruto roughcast roughcast roughcasting
run = correr; fugir, escapar; executar
um programa (Informática); realizar, ran run running
cumprir; funcionar; ativar; continuar
sand-cast = fundir em molde de areia sand-cast sand-cast sand-casting
saw = serrar sawed sawed/sawn sawing
say = dizer said said saying
see = ver saw seen seeing
seek = buscar sought sought seeking
sell = vender sold sold selling
send = enviar, mandar sent sent sending
set = pôr, colocar; preparar; usar;
set set setting
arrumar; causar; marcar; servir; ajustar
sew = costurar; juntar, pregar sewed sewed/sewn sewing
shake = sacudir, balancer shook shaken shaking
shave = fazer a barba; barbear shaved shaved/shaven shaving
shear = tosquiar; tosar; aparar shore shorn shearing
shed = derramar; vazar shed shed shedding
shine = brilhar, luzir, cintilar,
shone shone shining
resplandecer
shit = defecar, cagar, evacuar shit / shat / shitted shit/ shat / shitted shitting
shoe = calçar shoed shoed/shod shoeing
shoot = atirar, disparar shot shot shooting
show = mostrar showed showed/shown showing
shrink = contrair-se; encolher-se shrank shrunk shrinking
shut = fechar shut shut shutting
sight-read = sight-read sight-read sight-reading
sing = cantar sang sung singing
sink = afundar; afogar sank sunk sinking
sit = sentar-se sat sat sitting
slay (kill) = matar, assassinar slew / slayed slain / slayed sleeping
slay (amuse) REGULAR = destruir, arruinar slayed slayed slaying
sleep = dormir slept slept slaying
slide = deslizar, escorregar slid slid sliding
sling = atirar, arremessar slung slung slinging
slink = escapar slinked / slunk slinked / slunk slinking
slit = fender, rachar, abrir brecha slit slit slitting
smell = cheirar smelled / smelt smelled / smelt smelling
smite = golpear; ferir smote smitten smiting
sneak = esquivar-se sneaked / snuck sneaked / snuck sneaking
sow = semear; espalhar, disseminar sowed sowed/sown sowing
speak = falar spoke spoken speaking
speed = velocidade; rapidez
sped sped speeding
estimulante; acelerador (no carro)
spend = passar, gastar spent spent spending
spell = soletrar spelled / spelt spelled / spelt spelling
spill = entornar; derramar; spilled/spilt spilled/spilt spilling
spin = protelar; dilatar; prolongar,
spun spun spinning
adiar; fiar; fazer girar; virar-se
spit = cuspir; escarrar; vomitar spit/spat spit spiting
split = fender, rachar; dividir; partir split split splitting
spoil = estragar; corromper spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt spoiling
spoon-feed = dar de comer com colher,
spoon-fed spoon-fed spoon-feeding
dar tudo mastigado a
spread = dilatar-se, estender-se;
spread spread spreading
espalhar, esparramar
spring = saltar, lançar-se; libertar-se sprang/sprung sprung springing
stand = ficar, estar de pé stood stood standing
steal = furtar stole stolen stealing
stick = cravar, fincar, meter, enterrar stuck stuck sticking
sting = picar, ferroar stung stung stinging
stink = feder; enojar stank stunk stinking
strew = espalhar, polvilhar, aspergir strewed strewn / strewed strewing
stride = caminhar; cavalgar strod stridden striding
strike = bater, golpear; fulminar struck struck striking
string = amarrar; pendurar strung strung stringing
strive = aspirar; tentar, esforçar-se strove striven striving
sublet = sublocar sublet sublet subletting
sunburn = bronzear; bronzear-se sunburned / sunburnt sunburned / sunburnt sunburning
swear = jurar swore sworn swearing
sweat = suar; trabalhar duro sweat / sweated sweat / sweated sweating
sweep = varrer swept swept sweeping
swell = inchar, encher (os pneus) swelled swelled/swollen swelling
swim = nadar; flutuar; boiar swam swum swimming
swing = balançar swung swung swinging
take = pegar; tirar; tomar; segurar;
agarrar; receber; capturar; aprisionar;
took taken taking
aceitar; fotografar; empregar; adotar;
entender; guiar; conseguir
teach = ensinar; educar taught taught teaching
tear = chorar, lacrimejar; rasgar, rachar tore torn tearing
telecast = televisionar telecast telecast telecasting
tell = contar told told telling
test-drive = dirigir um veículo para
test-drove test-driven test-driving
testá-lo, antes de comprá-lo
test-fly = vôo experimental test-flew test-flown test-flying
think = pensar; acreditar thought thought thinking
thrive = prosperar thrived/throve thrived thriving
throw = jogar; parir; impressionar threw thrown throwing
thrust = empurrar thrust thrust thrusting
tread = pisar, andar, pôr os pés trod trodden treading
typecast = distribuir papéis para formar
typecast typecast typecasting
elenco
typeset = imprimir ordenadamente typeset typeset typesetting
typewrite = datilografar, bater a
typewrote typewritten typewriting
máquina
unbend = unbent unbent unbending
unbind = unbound unbound unbinding
unclothe = roupas íntimas, roupas de
unclothed / unclad unclothed / unclad unclothing
baixo
underbid = oferecer menos, oferecer
underbid underbid underbidding
preço menor
undercut = baratear undercut undercut undercutting
underfeed = fornecer alimentos de
underfed underfed underfeeding
forma insuficiente
undergo = submeter-se underwent undergone undergoing
underlie = dar suporte, sustentar,
underlay underlain underlying
fundamentar
undersell = vender por preço inferior a undersold undersold underselling
underspend = gastar de menos underspent underspent underspending
understand = deduzir understood understood understanding
undertake = tomar para si,
undertook undertaken undertaking
responsabilizar-se por
underwrite = subscrever underwrote underwritten underwriting
undo = desfazer, desamarrar,
undid undone undoing
desabotoar, cancelar, anular
unfreeze = descongelar (preços) unfroze unfrozen unfreezing
unhang = unhung unhung unhanging
unhide = unhid unhidden unhiding
unknit = desfiar (malha), desembaraçar,
unknitted / unknit unknitted / unknit unkniting
desemaranhar
unlearn = aprender o contrário; estudar
unlearned / unlearnt unlearned / unlearnt unlearning
o oposto
unsew = unsewed unsewn / unsewed unsewing
unsling = unslung unslung unslinging
unspin = unspun unspun unspining
unstick =libertar, soltar, descolar (algo
unstuck unstuck unsticking
colante)
unstring = afrouxar ou tirar as cordas
de, desencordoar (instrumento) , unstrung unstrung unstringing
desenfiar (contas, pérolas etc.) ,
esforçar exageradamente, afrouxar,
relaxar (músculos, nervos), enervar
unweave = desamarrar, destrançar;
unwove / unweaved unwoven / unweaved unweaving
desenredar
unwind = liberar, desatar, abrir; aclarar-
unwound unwound unwinding
se
uphold = sustentar, patrocinar;
upheld upheld upholding
confirmar, ver positivamente
upset = preocupar, angustiar; derrubar,
upset upset upsetting
virar; desarranjar, desordenar
wake = acordar; despertar; woke woken waking
waylay = armar ciladas; surpreender
waylaid waylaid waylaying
alguém; assaltar
wear = vestir; trancar; experimentar
wore worn wearing
(roupas, jóias, etc); colocar (óculos)
weave = tecer, entrelaçar, trançar;
contorcer-se (entre obstáculos); bordar; weaved/wove weaved/woven weaving
criar (trama); tramar
wed = casar(-se), desposar(-se),
wed wed wedding
contrair matrimônio
weep = chorar; verter lágrimas; wept wept weeping
wet = encharcar; umedecer, molhar;
wet / wetted wet / wetted wetting
fazer xixi na cama; urinar
whet REGULAR = afiar, amolar;
whetted whetted whetting
estimular, excitar
win = vencer; ganhar; conseguir; obter;
conseguir; alugar; convencer; ganhar o won won wining
coração de-
wind = girar, rodar; enrolar-se;
enroscar-se; recobrir, encobrir, encapar;
wound wound winding
recobrir-se, revestir-se; modificar a
direção
withdraw = retroceder; bater em
withdrew withdrawn withdrawing
retirada; retirar, sacar; deixar
withhold = reter; evitar; parar, conter;
withheld withheld withholding
manter, segurar
withstand = opor-se a-; resistir a-;
withstood withstood withstanding
impugnar
wring = arrancar; obrigar, forçar; tirar a
força; entortar; pressionar; segurar com wrung wrung wringing
força; espremer
write = escrever wrote written writing
Base Past Past Portuguese
Form Tense Participle Translation
------- ------- --------------- -------------------

arise arose arisen surgir, erguer-se
awake awoke awoken despertar
be was, were been ser, estar
bear bore borne suportar, ser portador de
beat beat beaten bater
become became become tornar-se
befall befell befallen acontecer
beget begot begotten, begot procriar, gerar
begin began begun começar
behold beheld beheld contemplar
bend bent bent curvar
bet bet bet apostar
bid bid bid oferecer, fazer uma oferta
bind bound bound unir, encadernar, obrigar-se
bite bit bitten morder
bleed bled bled sangrar, ter hemorragia
blow blew blown assoprar, explodir
break broke broken quebrar
breed bred bred procriar, reproduzir
bring brought brought trazer
broadcast broadcast broadcast irradiar, transmitir
build built built construir
buy bought bought comprar
cast cast cast atirar, deitar
catch caught caught pegar, capturar
choose chose chosen escolher
cling clung clung aderir, segurar-se
come came come vir
cost cost cost custar
creep crept crept rastejar
cut cut cut cortar
deal dealt dealt negociar, tratar
dig dug dug cavocar
do did done fazer **
draw drew drawn tracionar, desenhar **
drink drank drunk beber
drive drove driven dirigir, ir de carro
eat ate eaten comer
fall fell fallen cair
feed fed fed alimentar
feel felt felt sentir, sentir-se
fight fought fought lutar
find found found achar, encontrar
flee fled fled fugir, escapar
fling flung flung arremessar
fly flew flown voar, pilotar
forbid forbade forbidden proibir
forget forgot forgot, forgotten esquecer
forgive forgave forgiven perdoar
freeze froze frozen congelar, paralisar
get got gotten, got obter **
give gave given dar
go went gone ir
grind ground ground moer
grow grew grown crescer, cultivar
have had had ter, beber, comer
hear heard heard ouvir
hide hid hidden, hid esconder
hit hit hit bater
hold held held segurar
hurt hurt hurt machucar
keep kept kept guardar, manter
know knew known saber, conhecer
lay laid laid colocar em posição horizontal
lead led led liderar
leave left left deixar, partir
lend lent lent dar emprestado
let let let deixar, alugar
lie lay lain deitar
lose lost lost perder, extraviar
make made made fazer, fabricar **
mean meant meant significar, querer dizer
meet met met encontrar, conhecer
overcome overcame overcome superar
overtake overtook overtaken alcançar, surpreender
pay paid paid pagar
put put put colocar
quit quit quit abandonar
read read read ler
ride rode ridden andar
ring rang rung tocar (campainha, etc.)
rise rose risen subir, erguer-se
run ran run correr, concorrer, dirigir
saw sawed sawn serrar
say said said dizer
see saw seen ver
seek sought sought procurar obter, objetivar
sell sold sold vender
send sent sent mandar
set set set pôr em determinada condição, marcar
shake shook shaken sacudir, tremer
shed shed shed soltar, deixar cair **
shine shone shone brilhar, reluzir
shoot shot shot atirar, alvejar
show showed shown mostrar, exibir
shrink shrank shrunk encolher, contrair
shut shut shut fechar, cerrar
sing sang sung cantar
sink sank sunk afundar, submergir
sit sat sat sentar
slay slew slain matar, assassinar
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid deslizar, escorregar
sling slung slung atirar, arremessar
speak spoke spoken falar
spend spent spent gastar
spin spun spun fiar, rodopiar
spit spit, spat spit, spat cuspir
spread spread spread espalhar
spring sprang sprung fazer saltar
stand stood stood parar de pé, agüentar
steal stole stolen roubar
stick stuck stuck cravar, fincar, enfiar
sting stung stung picar (inseto)
stink stank stunk cheirar mal
strike struck struck golpear, desferir, atacar
string strung strung encordoar, amarrar
strive strove striven esforçar-se, lutar
swear swore sworn jurar, prometer, assegurar
sweep swept swept varrer
swim swam swum nadar
swing swung swung balançar, alternar
take took taken tomar **
teach taught taught ensinar, dar aula
tear tore torn rasgar, despedaçar
tell told told contar
think thought thought pensar
throw threw thrown atirar, arremessar
tread trod trodden pisar, trilhar
undergo underwent undergone submeter-se a, suportar
understand understood understood entender
uphold upheld upheld sustentar, apoiar, defender
wear wore worn vestir, usar, gastar
win won won vencer, ganhar
wind wound wound enrolar, rodar, dar corda
write wrote written escrever, redigir

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