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1. A machine produces 500 similar components with a mean weight of 4.03 N and a

standard deviation of 0.20 N. A random sample of 60 components is selected from this

group. What will be the probability of sample mean weight taking a value of (a) between

4.0 and 4.1 N; (b) more than 4.05 N? Assume that sampling is without replacement and

the weights of the components are normally distributed.

2. The mean length of life of a certain cutting tool is 41.5 hours with standard deviation

of 2.5 hours. What is the probability that a simple random sample of size 50 drawn from

this population will have a mean between 40.5 hours and 42 hours?

3. Electric light tubes of manufacturer A has a mean lifetime of 1,400 hours with a

standard deviation of 100 hours. Corresponding figures for brand B tubes are 1200 hours

and 100 hours. If a random sample of 125 tubes of each brand is tested, what is the

probability that the brand A tubes will have a mean lifetime that is at least (i) 160 hours

more than the brand B tubes; and (ii) 250 hours more than the brand B tubes?

4. A manufacturer of automobile batteries claims that the average duration of useful life

for its grade A battery is 60 months. However, the guarantee on this brand is only 36

months. Assume that the standard deviation of the life-duration is known to be 10 months

and that the frequency distribution of the life-duration is known to be mound—shaped.

a) Approximately what percentage of the manufacturer’s grade A batteries will last

more than 50 months, assuming the manufacturer’s claim about the mean life-

duration is true?

b) Approximately what percentage of the manufacturer’s batteries will last less than 40

months, assuming that the manufacturer’s claim about the mean life-duration is

true?

c) Suppose that your grade A battery lasts 37 months. What would you infer about the

manufacturer’s claim that the mean life-duration is 60 months?

5. Stress on the job is a major concern of a large number of people who go into

managerial positions. Eighty per cent of all managers of companies suffer from stress.

Let p be the proportion in a sample of 100 managers of companies who suffer from

stress.

a) What is the probability that the sample proportion is lower than the population

proportion by 0.1 or more?

b) What is the probability that the sample proportion is within 0.08 of the

population proportion?

c) What is the probability that the sample proportion is greater than the population

proportion by 0.11 or more?

d) What is the probability that the sample proportion is not within 0.08 of the

population proportion?

6. Seventy per cent of adults favour‾ some kind of government control on the prices of

medicines. Assume that this percentage is true for the current population of all adults in

a certain territory. Let p be the proportion of adults in a random sample of 400, who

favour government control on the prices of medicines. Calculate the mean and the

standard deviation of p and describe its sampling distribution.

7. Two firms A and B manufacture similar components with a mean breaking strength

of 3,000 N and 2500 N and standard deviations of 200N and l00N, respectively. If

random samples of 100 components of Firm A and 50 components of Firm B are tested,

what is the probability that the components from firm A will have a mean breaking

strength which is at least (a) 450 N; (b) 575

N more than the components of Firm B?

8. A random sample of n = 250 has given a mean (x bar ) = 25 and standard deviation

9. A random sample of 200 consumer accounts at a shop is selected for the purpose of

estimating the mean number of transactions per year for each customer. The sample

mean is 43. Determine 98 per cent confidence interval for the mean number of

transactions of all consumer accounts with the shop. The population standard deviation

is 2.5.

10. The mean weight of a random sample of size 100 from a students’ population is

65.8 kg, and the standard deviation is 4 kg. Set up 95 per cent confidence limits of the

mean weight of the students’ population.

11. In a sample of 81 items taken from a large consignment, some were found to be

defective. If the standard error of the proportion of defective items in the sample is 1/18,

find 95 per cent confidence limits of the percentage of defective items in the

consignment.

11(a).

Data below show the thickness of coating of a plastic paint taken for nine samples.

20.5 21.2 18.6 20.4 19.8 17.8 23.2 22.4 20.6

Set up a 90 per cent confidence limits for the mean of the population.

12.

For the following sample sizes and confidence levels, find the appropriate t values

for constructing confidence intervals:

Sample Size

Confidence Interval (%)

(n)

(a

20 90

)

(b) 8 95

(c) 30 98

(d) 25 99

(e

10 95

)

(f) 4 90

13.

In 60 tosses of a coin, 35 heads were obtained. Find 90 per cent confidence limits for the

proportion of heads that would be obtained in an unlimited number of tosses of the coin.

14. Construct a 90 per cent confidence interval for the market share of a brand if the

sample market share (number of shops considered 25) has been found out to be 30 per

cent.

15. Find a 95 per cent confidence interval for a population mean µ for the following:

(a) n = 36, x─ = 13.1, s2= 1.42

(b) n = 64, x─ = 2.73, s2= 0.1047

(c) n=41, x─ =28.6,s2= 1.09

16.

A random sample of 400 television tubes was tested and 40 tubes were found to be

defective. With confidence coefficient equal to 0.9, estimate the interval within which the

true fraction defective lies.

17.

Data below refer to the dividend yield from samples of corporations in electronic

industry and textile industry. There is reason to believe that the population dividends are

normally distributed with equal variances. Find a 95 per cent confidence interval for the

population difference in dividends and assess whether the electronic industry pays higher

than the textile industry.

Electronics Textiles

Sample size

10 12

18

A survey is conducted among random samples of employees in a large organisation as to

whether the staff should be rotated between the two shifts or fixed by each shift. Out of

340 workmen in the first shift 187 preferred rotation while in an independent sample of

291 in the second shift, 192 preferred rotation. Find a 95 per cent confidence interval

within which the true difference in the population proportions may be expected to lie.

Can it be inferred that the preference for rotation of shift is higher for the second shift

staff?

19

To estimate the proportion of unemployed workers in a certain city, a random sample of

400 persons from the working class was taken. Of these, 25 were unemployed.

a) Estimate the true proportion of unemployed workers and place bounds on the

error of estimation.

b) How many persons must be sampled to reduce the bound on the error to 0.02?

20. A section manager wishes to estimate the mean number of seconds required by a

worker to do a particular task. He observed the worker on 144 randomly selected

occasions. The average number of seconds required in the 144 observations was 100

seconds and the standard deviation was 10 seconds.

What size of sample (i.e. how many observations) would be necessary to estimate the true

mean within an error of 0.5 second with a 95 per cent confidence coefficient? (Use the

standard deviation of the sample as the best available estimate of the standard deviation

of the population).

21.

As a business manager of a large company, you wish to check the inventory records

against the physical inventories by a sample survey. You want to be almost sure that the

maximum sampling error should not be more than 5 per cent above or below the true

proportion of the inaccurate records. The proportion of the inappropriate records is

estimated at 35 per cent from past experience. Determine the sample size.

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