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3 Ways to Turn Salt Water Into Drinking Water - wikiHow

How to Turn Salt Water Into Drinking
Three Methods:

Using a Pot and Stove

Using Solar Desalination

Turning Seawater into Fresh Water for Coastal Survival

Questions and Answers

Desalination is the process of removing salt from saltwater. Humans cannot
safely drink salinated water. If you do this it will make you sick. All simple
methods for removing the salt from water follow a basic principle: evaporation
and collection. This article addresses several methods that can be used to boil
salty water and collect freshwater from the steam or condensation, ranging
from a stove-top method, a survival method, and a solar method.

Method 1 of 3: Using a Pot and Stove


Get a large pot with a lid and an empty drinking cup. The glass should be big
enough to hold a fair amount of fresh water.
Make sure the glass is short enough that you can still put the lid on the pot.
A Pyrex or metal cup is safest, as certain types of glass will explode when
exposed to heat. Plastic may melt or deform.
Make sure the pot and lid are suitable for using on a stove.


Slowly pour some salt water into the pot. Do not overfill.
Stop well before the water level has reached the mouth of the glass.
This will make sure no salt water splashes into the glass while boiling.
You don't want to get any salt water into the drinking glass, or your newly made
fresh water will be contaminated.


Place the pot cover upside down on the pot. This will allow the water vapor as it
condenses to drip into the drinking glass.
Position the pot lid so the highest point or handle is facing down directly above
the glass.
Make sure the pot lid is providing a good seal along the edges of the pot.
Without a good seal, a lot of the steam will escape and diminish the supply of
fresh water vapor.


Bring the water to a slow boil. You will want to boil the water slowly over low
A violent full boil can contaminate the drinking water by splashing into the glass.
Too much heat can cause a glass to break.
If the water is boiling quickly and violently, the glass may shift away from the
center of the pot and the handle of the pot lid.


If it is leaking. 3 Cover the bowl with plastic wrap. it becomes pure vapour. This will probably take 20 minutes or more. Make sure the wrap isn't too loose or too tight. [2] If you do this 2/12 . There may be a small amount of salt water left in the pot. Be careful as you remove the glass so you don't get burnt. [3] Be sure that the plastic wrap has a tight seal on the rim of the salt water bowl. you might get some salt water splash into your cup. The glass and water will be very hot. leaving behind anything that was dissolved in it.wikihow.wikiHow 5 Watch the pot as the water condenses. You might need to weight it down with a rock to prevent it from sliding around. so be careful when removing the glass of fresh water not to splash any salt water into your fresh water. 4 Place a rock or weight in the center of the plastic wrap. Do this slowly. your salt water will drain away before it can form steam to condense as fresh water. it condenses in the air as steam and on the cover's surface as water droplets. The droplets then run down to the lowest point (the handle) and drip right into the glass.1/27/2016 3 Ways to Turn Salt Water Into Drinking Water . As the water becomes vapour. Method 2 of 3: Using Solar Desalination 1 Collect salt water in a bowl or container. Make sure your bowl or container is watertight. 2 Place a cup or smaller container in the center. [4] http://www. You might find that the glass and fresh water will cool faster if you remove it from the pot. Make sure you don't fill it up all the way. [1] You will need some space at the top of the bowl so that the salt water doesn't splash into your fresh water receptacle. Use a sturdy brand of plastic wrap so it doesn't tear. If there are any leaks in the plastic wrap. This will contaminate your fresh water as you collect it. steam or fresh water vapor might escape. Make sure you have plenty of sunlight as this method takes several hours. 6 Wait a little while before drinking the water. Make sure the lip of the glass remains above water. Use an oven mitt or potholder to take it out. When water boils. Do this just above the cup or container in the centre of the bowl.

You will want to avoid spilling the water out the top of the bottle. After you have enough fresh water in your cup. [6] This method is most helpful if you are stranded on a beach with no fresh water. fresh water droplets will drip from the plastic wrap into the cup. [7] Filter the sea water through a cloth so you don't get too much sand or other debris in the water. 5 Place the salt water bowl in directly sunlight. See that the seal between the hose and leak stoppers is strong.[5] As condensation forms.[8] This will provide a tube for fresh condensed water vapor to travel out of the bottle of sea water as its heated. You can use parts of your life raft to construct a system for making fresh water from sea water. This is a helpful method. 3 Find the hose and leak stoppers from the life raft.[9] This will provide a way for water vapour to travel from the bottle as its heated into the hose to transport fresh water. you can reinforce the seal with these items. This will help you to avoid any fresh water leaking out of the hose. Method 3 of 3: Turning Seawater into Fresh Water for Coastal Survival 1 Find your life raft and any other debris. Attach the hose to one end of the leak stoppers. Make sure the seal is tight to prevent leaks. This will allow you to slowly collect fresh water. especially if you do not know how long it will be until you can be rescued.wikihow. Don't fill the bottle up too much. you can drink it. This method takes several hours so be patient. Make sure your rock or weight isn't too heavy or it will tear the plastic wrap. 4 Plug up the top of the gas bottle with the leak stoppers. http://www. Carry the water back to an area where you can make a fire. Make sure the hose is free of kinks or clogs. Open it and fill it with sea water. If you have any twine or tape. It was developed by stranded pilot during WWII in the Pacific. Use the opposite end of the leak stoppers from where you've attached the hose.1/27/2016 3 Ways to Turn Salt Water Into Drinking Water . 2 Find the gas bottle from your life raft. allowing fresh water to drip into your 3/12 . Make sure the cup is in the centre of the bowl before continuing.wikiHow This will cause the plastic wrap to dip in the centre. This will heat the water and cause condensation to form on the plastic wrap. It is safe and completely desalinated.

by Offerz4u X http://www. You can use cold salt water. It may help if you can cool down the cover while the water boils so. Place a pan underneath the exposed end of the hose. It can be used with normal tap water whenever distilled water is needed.1/27/2016 3 Ways to Turn Salt Water Into Drinking Water . the condensed steam will travel through the hose and into the pan. Make sure the hose is relatively straight and free of kinks as you bury it.wikihow. [11] As the water boils. This is where fresh water will trickle out.wikiHow 5 Build a bank of sand and bury the hose. as to make the condensation occur faster. This will boil the salt water in the bottle. steam will condense in the top of the gas bottle and travel into the hose as fresh 4/12 .[10] Keep the end of the hose exposed. Solar methods take a longer period of time and might not be adequate for making lots of fresh water quickly. The water collected in the pan will be desalinated and safe to drink. Don't bury the gas bottle or leak stoppers. As most of the water boils. You will need to have this exposed to keep watch to make sure there are no leaks. 6 Make a fire and place the gas bottle directly above the flame. Tips This method of evaporating and condensing water is called distilling. and just change it when it becomes warm. This will keep the hose steady as fresh water travels through it. Make sure the water is cool before you drink it. Questions and Answers Don't see your question? Ask it here: What do you need to know? Email We'll address do our (optional) best to find theSubmit answer. This will collect water the fresh water.

↑ 7.wikiHow by Offerz4u X Warnings Take care in what you are ↑ http://www. ↑ http://www. ↑ https://www. ↑ 10. ↑ ↑ https://www. ↑ 4. Sources and Citations ↑ ↑ 8. You don't want to be drinking salt water that has splashed into the center 5/12 . Do not fill the pot too 3. ↑ https://www.wikihow.1/27/2016 3 Ways to Turn Salt Water Into Drinking Water .com/watch?v=tWkDoEPYWt8

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