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Rocket Science

Rocket Name___________________________ Student names _______________ _______________
Part 1: Research Use provided rocket information.
1. What are the three forces acting on a rocket? Draw a picture and label the forces.

2. What is the energy source of your rocket? Describe how energy will be converted to do work
(lift the rocket).
3. How is Newton’s First Law related to Rocketry?

4. How is Newton’s Second Law related to Rocketry?

Using F = m × a
The Space Shuttle has a liftoff weight of 2,041,000 kg and accelerates at a rate
16 m/s2. Calculate the force (thrust) that is accelerating the Space Shuttle.


Using Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass
A water bottle rocket has a mass of 0.248 kilograms. On Earth, this is a weight of
2.43 Newtons. When the water sprays out the bottom of the bottle rocket, it creates
a starting thrust of 77 Newtons. Use the the formula below to calculate this water
rocket’s starting acceleration (show your work):
Acceleration = (Force of Rocket – Force of Gravity) ÷ Mass of Rocket

5. How is Newton’s Third Law related to Rocketry?

Part 2: Design Blueprint (drawing with parts labeled) Design approved ____ yes ____ no

Review the provided resources to determine the components a water rocket MUST have.
Read the procedures for launching the rocket.
Brainstorm and draw 1 or more designs for a water rocket. Refer to the design
considerations slide of the provided power point.
Share your design ideas with your partner (s) and pick 1 design (or a combination).
Draw an agreed upon rocket design “blueprint” on a clean piece of white paper. Label the
parts and list materials you will need for each part.

Trials Height (m) Time (s) Flight observations 1 2 Part 5: Analysis and Conclusion: 1. 5. Part 3: Build your rocket. and analyze results. Data Table 1 (before launch): Bottle Volume Rocket Mass empty Rocket Mass with water (hint: 1ml water = 1 gram water) Air Temperature Wind Direction Wind Speed Launch Angle Launch Pressure (psi) Amount of water (ml) Amount of air (ml) Data Table 2 (launch):  Record observations. collect data. Was your prediction correct? Give data as proof 2. What other tests could you perform for further understanding? .  Predict the height.Rocket Science  Present your blueprint to your teacher for approval.  Use the materials provided in class or bring in your own. How did the flight height and time of your rocket compare to similar rockets? 3.  You will have 1 class block to build your rocket. Suggest improvements on procedure or design. the other will time and measure height.  1 student will pressurize and pull the trigger. and flight time: ____________ ____________  What will the shape of flight path look like? Part 4: Launch your rocket. Describe how other variables might have affected results? 4.