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U2000V100R006 RTN Operation
& Maintenance
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Contents
RTN O&M Trend and Challenges
Quick Delivery
Huawei OTN O&M Solution
Highly-Efficient O&M
Cases

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Wireless network
evolution

Mobile Trend: Broadband and All IP
2000 1X
153.6k/153.6k

EV-DO(R0)
2.4M/153.6k

EV-DO(RA)
3.1M/1.8M

EV-DO(RB)
<73.5M/27M

LTE
100M/50M

HSPA+(R7)
43M/11.5M

LTE(R8)
100M/50M

CDMA2000

2G
R99/R4
384k/384k

HSDPA(R5)
14.4M/384k

HSUPA(R6)
14.4M/5.76M

WCDMA
RNC

aGW

Backhaul network
evolution

BSC

Nodal: ~3%

BTS

TDM

Nodal: ~10%

BTS

BTS

TDM+Eth.

Nodal: ~20%

NodeB

NodeB

ALL IP

eNodeB

Mobile develops from 2G and 3G to LTE and the bandwidth of services and base stations increases several-fold.
Services will transform from TDM to IP. TDM, ATM and IP will coexist in the long term.
In the LTE era, base stations are deployed more densely and network structures become more complex.

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Page 3

Challenges to RTN O&M
New features of RTN networks: more sites, hybrid networking (RTN+HMSTP/RTN+CX),
and diversified services (TDM/Native ETH/Packet)

...

BTS

NodeB

NodeB

...

Third-party network

RTN910
(Hybrid)

RTN950 (IP)

RTN

MSTP+

RNC

RTN
910 (IP)

As mobile video services diversify and backhaul network traffic increases, more and more devices are needed. How to
deploy networks quickly?
As networks evolve, MSTP, RTN, and IP devices coexist on a network. How to provision services quickly?
Network evolves and service diversify. How to monitor service in real time and diagnose network faults quickly?

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Page 4

Contents
RTN O&M Trend and Challenges
Quick Delivery
Site Deployment

Huawei
OTN O&M
Solution
Project acceptance
Test
Highly-Efficient O&M

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Site Deployment

Automatic Hardware and Software
Commissioning

Commissioning
Hop
Management

Script
Applying
ODU Frequency
Interference

Manual RTN device commissioning consumes a large number of labors and
materials. How to achieve automatic and quick commissioning?
Web LCT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

U2000

Microwave
network

Software
commissioning

Web LCT

Hardware
commissioning

Script applying: Hardware
commissioning parameters can be
set for devices in batches by
applying a script to them, freeing
hardware commissioning
engineers from site-by-site
configuration.
ODU frequency scanning: During
hardware commissioning,
frequencies can be scanned
without other instruments to
analyze link interference.
Hop configuration: One page
integrates the main parameters
required for microwave link setup,
freeing users from switching
between different pages.
Plug-and-play: After a board is
inserted in to a device slot, the NE
Panel on the U2000 automatically
displays the board status.

U2000

RTN 900
RTN 900

RTN 900

RTN 900

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Automatic discovery and
creation of NEs and microwave
links:
The U2000 can automatically
discover RTN NEs on live
networks and create the NEs.
With the link search function, the
U2000 can automatically discover
and create microwave links.
NE-level service provisioning:
Services can be provisioned to
single NEs in configuration GUIs
or by applying scripts on the
U2000 or Web LCT.
E2E service provisioning:
The U2000 can provision
various types of services end to
end, including TDM, EoS
(Ethernet over SDH), hybrid, and
packet services.

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Site Deployment
Commissioning

One-Click Script-based Deployment

Hop
Management

Script
Applying
ODU frequency
Interference

On a hybrid network with devices from different vendors, how to quickly
migrate services and deploy sites?
Quick deployment in three steps:
A planning team plans and designs an RTN network.
The outputs are a report and configuration script. The
script is provided by professional U2000 services.

1

Planning tool

2

Web LCT

Users apply the configuration script to devices on the
Web LCT.
NE and service configurations are complete
automatically.

Benefits:
The use of scripts improves the configuration
efficiency significantly and accelerates large-scale
migration and deployment.
The deployment efficiency is remarkably increased
for each microwave site by applying configurations
in a script.

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3
AM

RTN networkAM

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Site Deployment

Convenient Hop Configuration
and Management

Commissioning
Hop
Management

Script
Applying
ODU frequency
Interference

The configuration parameters of RTN devices are complex and must be
consistent between both end of a microwave link. How to configure
microwave links conveniently and quickly?

Common parameters are associated and provided with default values to
reduce man-made errors and increase maintenance efficiency.

With hop management, users can configure parameters at both ends of a microwave link conveniently.
After the microwave link is commissioned and set up, hop management is more convenient and configurations at both
ends are associated, reducing the possibility of inconsistency and considerably improving the efficiency of massive
RTN site deployment.

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Page 8

Site Deployment

Convenient Hop Configuration
and Management Demonstration

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Commissioning
Hop
Management

Page 9

Script
Applying
ODU frequency
Interference

ODU Frequency Interference
Scanning with Soft Instruments

Site Deployment
Commissioning
Hop
Management

Script
Applying
ODU frequency
Interference

During RTN site installation and maintenance, inter-channel interference in a frequency band directly
affects service provisioning and running. Frequency interference scanning and detection require
expensive professional instruments and frequent site visits.

How to conveniently, quickly, and economically detect interference between ODU frequencies?

Situation on live networks:
1. In areas that widely use microwave communication,
spectrum resources are insufficient and channel
usage is high, inter-channel interference is serious.
2. In some areas, spectrum resources are freely
available, that is, first come, first served.
Issues on live networks:
1. Services cannot be provisioned during site installation:
Links cannot be set up, because network planning
data is not updated in a timely manner.
2. Services are interrupted during O&M: Installed sites
may interfere with each other and cause link
interruption.
3. To address the previous issues, users need to
check the inter-channel interference in each
frequency band. However, frequency scanning
instruments are costly.

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The U2000 provides ODU frequency
scanning to remotely scan
frequencies with soft instruments.

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Project Acceptance Test

Soft Instruments Accelerate Project
Acceptance Test
Software
Commissioning

U2000

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

Remote
Acceptance

E1
BTS

RTN

RTN
RTN980

E1
BTS

RTN
RTN

RTN

RTN

Software Commissioning:
Fade margin (FM) and native Ethernet E-Line service tests: automatically performed on software without
instruments or tower climbing
CES E1 PRBS and IF port PRBS bit error test: instrument-free, automatic generation of acceptance
reports
Remote Acceptance:
AM automatic switching, HSB protection acceptance, and ODU acceptance tests: without instruments or
site visits

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Project Acceptance Test

Project Acceptance Test

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

FM

Instrument-based FM tests are time-consuming, costly, and skill-demanding.
How to perform FM tests quickly, conveniently, and economically?
Application scenario of the FM tests:
To test the actual receiving sensitivity of one hop RTN and determine the actual fade margin, which is one of hardware
acceptance requirements.
An FM test is performed after software commissioning and before service cutover. Hardware and software are tested
together for acceptance.
FM Test – Instrument-Free Solution of the U2000 Web LCT

Automatic software commissioning
No tower climbing
No instrument

2
0

Tests with
Instrumentinstrumennts free tests

High-efficiency, no instrument, no tower climbing, and low cost

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Page 12

Project Acceptance Test

FM

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

Demonstration

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Project Acceptance Test

Project Acceptance Test
Instrument-Free Service Test

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

Throughput, packet loss rate, and delay tests for native E-Line services
CES E1 PRBS tests
wq9

Throughput

Delay

Packet loss rate tests, including
long-period packet loss rate tests

Software-based test without instruments, remote tests without site visits
Native E-Line service tests cover the throughput, delay, and packet loss rate.
Test results can be exported to a report, which can be directly used as an acceptance document.

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wq9

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后面 有字
wkf53356; 11.10.2012

Instrument-Free Service Test
Demonstration of Tests on Throughput, Packet
Loss Rate, and Delay of Native E-Line Services

Project Acceptance Test
Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

Das Bild k ann zurzeit nicht angezeigt werden.

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Project Acceptance Test

Instrument-Free Service Test
Demonstration of CES E1 PRBS Test

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

Das Bild k ann zurzeit nicht angezeigt werden.

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Page 16

Project Acceptance Test

– Project Acceptance Test
Instrument-Free Service Test for Microwave Links

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

IF port PRBS tests without instruments

Automatic IF port PRBS tests, software-based test without instruments, remote tests
without site visits
Test results can be exported to a report, which can be directly used as an acceptance
document.

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Project Acceptance Test

Instrument-Free Microwave Link Test
Demonstration of IF E1 PRBS Test

Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test

Das Bild k ann zurzeit nicht angezeigt werden.

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FM

Project Acceptance Test
Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

Project Acceptance Test
One-Click Test
Test coverage: RF, AM switching, and IF Port 1+1 protection

One-click tests cover RF, AM switching, and IF 1+1 protection (HSB/FD/SD).
Software-based tests without instruments, remote tests without site visits

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Project Acceptance Test

Project Acceptance Test
Demonstration of One-Click Test

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Instrument-Free Service
Test
Instrument-Free Link
One-Click Test
Test
FM

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