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1.

The initial moisture content of a food product is 77% (wet basis), and the

critical moisture content is 30%(wet basis). If the constant drying rate is

0.1 kg H2O / m2.s, compute the time required for the product to begin the

falling rate drying period. The product has a cube shape with 5- cm sides,

and the initial product density is 950 kg/m3.

23.4 s

b. 34.6 s

c. 48.5 s

d. 53.2

a.

s

4.

a.

2.

A cabinet dryer is being used to dry a feed product from 68% moisture

content (wet basis) to 5.5% moisture content (wet basis). The drying air

enters the system at 54 degrees C and 10% RH. The product temperature

is 25degreesC throughout drying. Compute the quantity of air required for

drying on the basis of 1 kg of product solid.

a.

224.65 kg dry air/kg solids

b. 268.4 kg dry air/kg solids

c. 302.27 kg dry air/kg solids

d. 412.36 kg dry air/kg solids

5.

3.

a.

content of 4% using 120 degrees Heated air with 7% RH. The density of

the concentrated liquid is 1000 kg/m3 and the density of the dry product

is 1250 kg/m3. Separate measurements have indicated that the critical

moisture content for the product is 0.45 kg water/kg product and the

particle diameter at the critical moisture content is 45 um. The latent heat

of vaporization during the constant rate period of the drying is 2130 kJ/kg

and it is 2375 kJ/kg during the falling rate period. Estimate the drying time

for the product based on the largest droplet diameter of 120um.

2.31 s

b. 3.25 s

c. 4.08 s

d. 4.65 s

A tunnel dryer is being designed for drying apple halves from an initial

moisture content of 79% (wet basis) to a final moisture content of 5%(wet

basis). An experimental drying curve for the product indicates that the

critical moisture content is 25% (wet basis) and the time for constant rate

drying is 5 minutes. Based on information provided, estimate the total

drying time for the product. Assume 1 kg of product is the basis.

4.25 min

b. 5.81 min c. 6.54 min d. 6.89 min

ChE

fluidizeD -bed dryer is being used to dry diced carrots. The product enters

the dryer with 80% moisture content (wet basis) at 25*C. The air used for

drying enters the dryer at 120 *C after being heated from ambient air with

60% RH at 20*C. Estimate the production rate when air is entering the

dryer at 700 kg dry air/hr and product leaving the dryer is 10% moisture

content( wet basis). Assume product leaves the dryer at the wet bulb

temperature of air and the specific heat of product solid is 2.0 kJ/kg .*C.

Air leaves the dryer 10*C above the product temperature.

a.

11.25 kg solids/hr

b. 16.12 kg solids/Hr

b.

c. 18.69 kg solids/hr

d. 20.15 kg solids/hr

7. A tray is to be used for drying a solid material . Each tray is 3 ft. wide by 4 ft.

long and the wet material has depth of 2 in. The density of the wet material is

50 lb/ft3. The wet material contains 3 lb of water per pound of dry solid. How

many trays are necessary to obtain 3,000 lb of a product containing 1 lb of

water per pound of dry solids.

a. 55 trays b. 60 trays c. 50 tray d. 65 trays

dryer using directly heated air at 811 K. The particle size is 0.5 mm and 1.26

kg/s of water is to be removed from 12.6 kg/s of solid feed at 293 K. What

diameter of bed should be specified?

a. 3.20 m

b. 4.60 m

c. 5.30 m

d. 5.80 m

ChE

dried in a tray drier to 15.5 per cent of moisture by passing a current of air at

350 K tangentially across its surface at a velocity of 1.8 m/s. If the constant rate

of drying under these conditions is 0.0007 kg/s m2 and the critical moisture

content is 15 per cent, calculate the approximate drying time. Assume the

drying surface to be 0.03 m2/kg dry mass.

a. 2.25 h

b. 3.25 h

c. 4.25 h

d. 5.25 h

8. A porous solid is dried in a batch dryer under constant drying conditions. Five

hours were required to reduce the moisture content from 30 to 12 lb water/lb

dry solid. The critical moisture content is 18 lb water/lb dry solid and the

equilibrium moisture is 5 lb water / lb dry solid. If the drying rate during the FRP

is a straight line through the origin, calculate the time required to dry the solid

from 30 to 8 lb water/lb dry solid.

a. 4.75 h

b. 7.74 h

c. 10.15 h

d. 15.2 h

10. An adiabatic tunnel dryer handles 100kg of banana chips per batch reducing

the moisture content from 50%and 12% wet basis. Drying takes10 hours to

82

C and 5% R.H. The air leaves the dryer

saturated. Assuming that the rate of drying constant, the volume of air blown in

is

a. 7840m3/hr

b. 222m3/hr

c. 250 m3/hr

d. 7000ft3/hr

ChE

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