machine theory questions

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machine theory questions

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1. Classify brakes and explain Self Locking and Self Energizing in Simple Shoe or Block brake

with neat diagram.

2. What is a dynamometer? How the dynamometer differs from the brake? Explain with neat

sketch, the working of any one of the transmission type dynamometers.

3. Classify governors and prove for Watt governor, height of the governor h = 895/ N2, where

N is speed of rotation of sleeve.

4. Prove that a governor is stable if dF/dr > F/r, Where F is controlling force and r is

corresponding radius of rotation.

5. Describe the function of a Proell governor with the help of a neat sketch. Establish a relation

among various forces acting on the bent link.

6. Define (i) Hunting (ii) Sensitiveness (iii) Sleeve lift and (iv) Isochronisms for governor.

7. A porter governor has all the four arms of 300 mm each. All the upper arms as well as the

sleeve arms are pivoted on the axis of rotation. The mass of each governor ball is 1 kg. The

mass of the sleeve is 20 kg. Find the speed of rotation, when the balls rotate at a radius of 150

mm.

8. A Hartnell governor having a central sleeve spring and two right angles bell crank levers

operates between 290 rpm and 310 rpm for a sleeve lift of 15 mm. The sleeve arms and the ball

arms are 80 mm and 120 mm respectively. The levers are pivoted at 120 mm from the governor

axis and the mass of each ball is 2.5 kg. The ball arms are parallel to the governor axis at the

lowest equilibrium speed. Determine: (i) loads on the spring at the lowest and highest

equilibrium speeds and (ii) stiffness of the spring.

9. The arms of a porter governor are each 25 cm long and pivoted on the governor axis. Mass

of each ball is 5 kg and mass of the central sleeve is 30 kg. The radius of rotation of the balls

is 15 cm when the sleeve begins to rise and reaches a value of 20 cm for maximum speed.

Determine the range of the governor.

10. A Porter governor has arms of 380 mm long. The upper arms are pivoted at the axis of the

sleeve and lower arms are attached to the sleeve at a distance of 40 mm from the axis. Each fly

ball has a mass of 5 kg. and weight on sleeve is 45 kg. Find the range of speed of the governor

if the extreme radii of rotation of the balls are 250 mm and 300 mm. The force of friction on

sleeve of mechanism is 30 N.

11. A simple band brake is applied on a drum of 560 mm diameter which is rotating at 240

rpm. The band having an angle of contact on the drum of 270o. One end of the band is fitted to

a fixed pin while the other end is fitted to the lever 140 mm from the fixed pin. The lever is

800 mm long and is perpendicular to the diameter that bisects the angle of contact. If the

coefficient of friction is 0.3, what will be the necessary pull at the end of the lever to stop the

drum when the power absorbed is 40 kW. Also calculate the width of the band if its thickness

is 3 mm and the maximum tensile stress is limited to 40 N/mm2.

12. A torsion dynamometer is fitted to a propeller shaft of a marine engine. It is found that the

shaft twists 20 in a length of 20 m at 120 r.p.m. If the shaft is hollow with O.D. = 400 mm and

I. D. =300 mm, and modulus of rigidity of shaft material is 8x1010 N/mm2.Find the power of

the engine.

13. A band and block brake has 14 blocks each of which substends an angle of 14at the centre.

The brake is applied to a drum of 0.8 m diameter. The blocks are 100 mm thick. The drum and

flywheel mounted on the same shaft has a mass of 2000 kg and combined radius of gyration of

500 mm. The two ends of the bands are fastened to pins on the opposite sides of brake lever at

distances 35 mm and 140 mm from the fulcum. An effort of 250 N is applied at a distance 800

mm from the fulcrum. The co-efficient of friction between the blocks and drum is 0.3

Determine (i) Maximum braking torque (ii) angular retardation of the drum (iii) Time taken by

the system to come to stop from the rated speed of 300 rpm.

14. Determine the maximum torque for a shoe brake shown in figure. The diameter of the brake

drum is 400 mm and the angle of contact is 96. The applied force is 3 kN on each arm and the

coefficient of friction between the drum and the lining is 0.35.

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