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Chemistry 12 Trial Exam 4

Final- SOLUTIONS

TEE CHEMISTRY
Semester 2 Examination
SOLUTIONS
PART 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

c
b
d
d
d

6. a
7. c
8. d
9. b
10. c

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

c
a
c
b
a

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

c
c
b
d
c

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

b
c
c
c
d

PART 2
O

1.

(a)

3CH3C

+ Cr2O72− + 8H+ → 3CH3C

H
Colour changes from orange to green.
Smell of vinegar detected.

O

OH

(b)

Cr2O3(s) + 6H+(aq) → 2Cr3+(aq) + 3H2O(l)
Solid dissolves to produce a deep green solution.

(c)

Ni(s) + Cu2+(aq) → Ni2+(aq) + Cu(s)
Metal covered with black or brown precipitate.
Solution changes from blue to green over time.

(d)

CH3COO− (aq) + H+(aq) → CH3COOH(aq)
No visible change but smell of vinegar detected.

+ 2Cr3+ + 4H2O

26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

c
b
d
b
b

Species EXAMPLE: beryllium difluoride (BeF2) Electron dot diagram F Be F equal to 180o Selenium dioxide (SeO2) O molecular aluminium bromide (AlBr3) Br Al Br Se O slightly less than 120o equal to 120o Br 2- O tellurate ion (TeO42−) O Te Bond angles O equal to 109.2. Species Shape and Polarity of Bonds EXAMPLE H Water O H Cl dichloromethane H H Arsenic tribromide C Cl As Br Br Br Net Polarity .5o O 1 mark each 1 mark 3.

4. Substances Chemical Test Solid potassium nitrate 1.60 [H+] = 2.50 = 3.51188 × 10−4 × V mol n(OH−) = cV = 3.9 for pH = 3. Dissolve in a little water and Observations For potassium nitrate no visible change Solid magnesium nitrate 2.51 × 10−4 mol L−1 n(H+) = cV = 2.16 × 10−6 −1 = 2.16 × 10−9 mol L−1 Therefore [OH−] = 10− 14 = 3.51188 × 10−4 .48 × 10 × V mol 2.16 × 10−6 × V mol n(H+)on mixing = n(H+) . Fe2+.16 × 10−6 mol L−1 3. for pH [H+] = 8.91 . For sodium sulfide Produces smell of rotten eggs OR Produces a precipitate (colour depends on metal ion used) For sodium nitrate No smell detected Or No Precipitate produced 5.n(OH−) = (2. OH− or S2− For magnesium nitrate white ppt formed Solid sodium sulfide and Add HCl solution OR Solid sodium nitrate Dissolve in a little water then add a solution containing a metal ion such as Cu2+.48 × 10−4 × V n = = 1.24 × 10−4 mol L−1 [H ] = 2V V + pH = -log[H+] = -log (1.16 × 10. Zn2+ or any other ion that forms an insoluble sulphide. Add any of CO32− .3.24 × 10−4) = 3.

Test tube 2 (a) Solution turned pink. surrounding and isolating oil droplets which can then be flushed away from the object being cleaned. S O O . The rate of the forward reaction will decrease. The rate of the reverse reaction is unlikely to be affected as the collision rate between water and the [CoCl4]2−will most probably not change. O S O OH (b) Fat or oil droplet Water S CH 3 (C H) 2 1 1 O O OH 11 OH CH3(CH2)11 ) 11 (CH 2 C H3 H (C 3 CH CH 3 (C H 2) 2 ) 11 S O O O OH S H O O 6. - Oils interact with the non-polar carbon chain via dispersion forces. - The sulfonic acid group (polar and capable of H-bonding) dissolves in the water. (b) As the forward reaction is endothermic (absorbs heat) when cooled (removed heat) a new equilibrium is established so that heat is replaced. This can only happen if the reverse reaction occurs to a greater extent. So more pink [Co(H2O)6]2+ is produced. - Non polar end of molecule dissolves in the non-polar oils and fats.dipole attractions with the polar end (sulfonic acid group) and via hydrogen bonding with the OH− group. 7.Test tube 1 Solution turned blue. So more pink [Co(H2O)6]2+ is produced. Test tube 3 (a) Solution turns pink. (a) - Water interacts via dipole . (b) Concentration of all species is reduced.

(a) and (b) e− + Carbon Cobalt CO2+ SO42H2O (c) Electrode Cathode Co2+ + 2e− → Co Anode 2H2O → O2 + 4H+ + 4e− (d) 1. Only ZnO will dissolve.8. Anode: bubbles of colour less gas would be produced. (b) (c) Polypropene. Equation Cathode: electrode would be coated with a silver-grey metal. Equilibrium shifts to products Heat Zn(OH)2(s) → ZnO(s) + H2O 11. Filter to collect Zn(OH)2 Heat residue to produce ZnO. 5. Filter to remove all other solid oxides 3. Mixture is added to hot concentrated NaOH solution. Add a few crystals of pure Zn(OH)2 or carefully add acid to precipitate Zn(OH)2 H+ + OH− → H2O and [Zn(OH)4]2− 2OH + Zn(OH)2(s) 4. 3. ZnO(s) + 2OH−(aq) + H2O [Zn(OH)4]2−(aq) 2. Structure: H3C H C H C H Name: propene. Addition polymer 1. 9. Solution: pink colour would fade to colourless. CH 3 H CH3CH2CH CH2 CH3 CH3C CH2 C H3C H H C C H H3C C CH 3 . 10. 2.

82 × 39.1.PART 3 2Cl− → 2Cl2 + 2e− 2H2O + 2e− → H2 + 2OH− (a) Anode: Cathode: (b) × 101. [M(NaOH) = 39.2% 21.82 mol It n(e−) = 96490 − therefore t = n(e ) ×I 96490 = 19.28 × 103 min) (21.69 = 1.20 = 9.82 × 96490 = 7.m(CuSO4.315 × 295 RT − n(e ) = 2n(Cl2) = 2(9.695 g m(pureAzurite) × 100 = 19.998 g mol−1] Ba2+(aq) + SO42−(aq) → BaSO4(s) m = 1.3 × 1.911 mol n(Cl2) = PV = 2008.36 n(CuSO4.0 (1.76 g = 793 g 2.6277 × 10−3 × 249.65 × 104 s 25.78 = 7.6277 x 10−3 mol n(BaSO4) = M [M(BaSO4) = 233.5H2O) 21.998 = 792.5H2O) = 249.9046 g m(pure Azurite = = = % Azurite = m(impure Azurite) .695 × 100 = 91.69 g mol−1] = 7.36 g mol−1] 233.5H2O) = n(SO42−) = n(Ba2+) = n(BaSO4) = 7.9046 19.6 .6 m(impureAzurite) . n(NaOH) = n(OH−) = n(e−) = 19.6277 × 10−3 mol n(CuSO4.911) = 19.83 mol m(NaOH) = nM = 19.3 h) (c) Product formed is NaOH.5H2O) = nM [M(CuSO4.

046125 g 18.005 V (d) m(CH3CH2OH) in 1000 mL = nM [M(CH3CH2OH) = 46.4% 960 12.01 × 2.73272 + 0.999 0.59 mol L−1 [CH3CH2OH] 0.4122 = 0.058 = 119.0223 = 2.94 Initial Reading (mL) 0.21 1. TRIAL ROUGH 1 2 3 4 Final Reading (mL) 23.30 mL 3 − n(MnO4 ) used = cV = 0.(0.061009 0.3.01 2.030509 = 1.046125) = 0.56 Amount used (mL) 23.046125 0.4998 Simplest ratio 0.045759 n 12.48815 0.36 23.00930 × 0.73272 0.399 g % CH3CH2OH 4.01 1.01 22.73272 = 0.48815 g C H 0.59 x 10−4 20 = 0.267 .59 × 46.030509 0.38 = 22.05 22.23 + 22.78 1.399 x 100 = 12.016 1.016 × 0.685 = 0.30 + 22.00 0. (a) m(C) = m(H) = m(O) = by mass = 119.23 21.00 mL of wine = 1000 × 2.59 × 10−4 mol n(CH3CH2OH) in 1000 mL of dil Solution and therefore in 5.34 24.61009 = 1.058 g mol−1] = 2.26 22.046125 = 1.48815 = 0.074 × 10−4 mol n(CH3CH2OH) in 20 mL = 54 n (MnO4−) = 54 (1.04 1.01296 = 2.31 1.008 0.30 22.046125 = 0.38 (b) (MnO4−(aq) + 8H+(aq) +5e− → Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l)) × 4 (CH3CH2OH(aq) + H2O(l) → CH3COOH(aq) + 4H+(aq) + 4e−) × 5 5CH3CH2OH(aq) + 4MnO4−(aq) + 12H+(aq) → 4Mn2+(aq) + 5 CH3COOH(aq) + 11H2O(l) (c) V(MnO4−) used = 22.47 23.074 × 10−4) = 2.030509 4 3 empirical formula is C4H3O2 Mass (g) O 0.00 0.01296 mol = n = 0.73272 g 44.030509 2 .030509 16.

315 × 573 0.2317 × 10− 3 M(C4H3O2) = 83.3330) = 0.(b) (c) T = 300 oC = 573K P = 101.1665 mol m(CO2) = nM = 0.153 = 3.5369 g n = PV = 101.6613 = 166 n 3.3330) = 0.340 mol L−1 For answers to Part 4 please see the Extended Answer Question Answers .3922 mol There is only 0.3 kPa V = R = n = 152 mL = 0.052 n(CaCO3) = m = 19.3 × 0.3330 mole of CH3COOH therefore CH3COOH is LR n(CO2) = 1 2 n(CH3COOH) = 1 2 (0.152L 8.315 ? M = 0.052 g mol−1] n(CH3COOH) = m = 20.3330 mol M 60. (a) O O O O O O H H H O C O H O H + 2CH3COOH → CO2 + Ca2+ + CH3COO− + H2O CaCO3(s) m(CH3COOH) = 4.63 = 0.09 g mol−1] M 100.064 M(compd) = 166.13 = 2.064 Therefore Molecular formula is 2 × empirical formula ie 2 ×(C4H3O2) = C8H6O4 (d) O C C O C C OR H OR C O 5.1961) = 0.5369 M = m = = 1.2317 × 10−3 mol RT 8.1665 × 44.1665 [Ca2+] = n = v 489 × 10− 3 1 2 [M(CO2) = 44.3286 g = 7.00 M(C 4 H 3O 2 ) 83.09 n(CH3COOH)required to remove all scale = 2n(CaCO3) = 2(0.33 g (b) n(Ca2+) = 12 n(CH3COOH) = 0.01 = 7.1665 mol = 0.0 = 0.01 g mol−1] (0.1961 mol [M(CaCO3) = 100.00 × 500 = 20.0 g 100 [M(CH3COOH) = 60.