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Chemistry 12 Trial Exam 1

Final - SOLUTIONS

TEE CHEMISTRY
Semester 2 Examination 2002
SOLUTIONS

Part 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

d
a
b
b
c

6. d
7. b
8. a
9. c
10. b

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

b
c
d
a
d

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

b
c
b
a
b

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

b
b
d
b
c

26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

a
d
c
c
b

Part 2
1.

(a)

Equation
Observation

3Fe2+(aq) + 2PO43−(aq) → Fe3(PO4)2 (s)
Pale green ppt produced

(b)

Equation
Observation

Ag(s) + NO−3(aq) + 2H+(aq) → Ag+(aq) + NO2(g) + H2O(l)
Bubbles of brown acrid smelling gas produced. Metal dissolves to
colourless solution

(c)

Equation
Observation

Cl2(g) + 2I−(aq) → I2(aq) + 2Cl−(aq)
Solution changes from colourless to orange/brown/red

(d)

Equation Cr2O72−(aq) + 3HCHO(aq) + 8H+(aq) → 2Cr3+(aq) + 3HCOOH(aq) + 4H2O(l)
Observation
Orange solution turns dark green

2.
Species

Structural formula
(showing all valence
electrons)

-

O

Iodate ion
IO3−

Metasilicate ion
SiO32−

Selenium
disulfide
SeS2

I

Si

O

O

S

Se S

Polarity
(non Polar or Polar)

I

O

2-

2-

O

Non Polar

Si
O

O

Si
S

Polar

O
O

O

O

O

Draw
(include all atoms)

S

Polar

3. Name Formula Aluminium Chromium Zinc Lead Al Cr Zn Pb Ethanoic acid Hydrogen fluoride Hydrogen sulphide etc CH3COOH HF H2S etc Propene CH3CH = CH2 Water Ammonia H2O NH3 Graphite C 1 – Butene or 2 – Butene C4H8 or CH2CHCH2CH3 or CH3CHCHCH3 etc Sulphur S (a) Mg(s) + F2(g) → MgF2(s) (b) Fast: Mg is a strong reducing agent so easily loses e− and F2 is a strong oxidising agent so easily gains e− 5. 4. OH− (a) H+ (b) Equilibrium constant is only constant at a given temperature that is it varies with temperature (c) Increase in temperature results in greater concentration of H+ (and OH−) + H2O + Heat as pH = .log [ H+ ] greater [ H+ ] means smaller pH so pH is less than 7 .

K = [NH4+]2 [SO3]2 K = [SO2]2 [O2] 8. Add excess NH3 solution to nitrate each solution and 3. Add acidified KMnO4 solution solution remains purple solution turns colourless (or brown ppt) 2. Add acidified Cr2O72solution solution remains orange solution turns dark green 3. Substances Describe the Test 1.to each Magnesium 2. Add Na metal very slow colourless bubbles produced colourless bubbles produced faster .6. Add clean Mg to solution Zinc nitrate (also use Mn & Al) solution Observation for Magnesium nitrate solution Observation for Zinc nitrate solution white ppt observed that persists even when each solution is added in excess white ppt which dissolves to form a colourless solution when added in excess no change NOTE: TEST 3 does not work very well in dilute solution Substances methyl-2propanol and 1-propanol Describe the Test Observation for methyl-2-propanol metal surface becomes dark (black) Observation for 1-propanol 1. Add excess OH. Solution Name or formula of salt Equation Produces an acidic solution NH4Cl or NaHSO4 etc NH4+ + H2O ' NH3 + H3O+ or − HSO4 ' H+ + SO42− etc Produces a basic solution CH3COONa or Na2CO3 etc CH3COO− + H2O ' CH3COOH + OH− or CO3 2− + H2O ' HCO3− + OH− etc [Zn2+] [NH3]2 7.

Li + Li+ → LiCoO2 + C + Li+ OR CoO2 + C. Test Tube Experiment 1 2 Observation A little concentrated sodium cyanide solution becomes red solution is added Inc conc of CN− results in inc rate of forward reaction.Li → C + Li+ + e− (ii) Cathode CoO2 + Li+ + e− → CoO2. (a) (i) ANODE: C.Li (iii) Overall reaction CoO2 + C. This results in formation of more red [Fe(CN)6]3− The solution is warmed solution becomes red Increase rate of forward reaction is more than inc rate of reverse reaction.0258 = 2.58 × 102 g INCREASE IN MASS .Li → Li.7216 × 10−3 mol n(Li) = n (e-) = 3.1 C = 3.941 = 0.7216 × 10−3 m(Li) = nM = 3.9.7216 × 10-3 × 6.CoO2 + C (b) − n (e ) = It 96490 = 133 × 10-3 × 45 × 60 96490 Q = 359. This results in formation of more red [Fe(CN)6]3− solution becomes yellow Reduced conc means forward reaction is reduced more than reverse reaction (more moles on LHS) more yellow [Fe(H2O)6]3+ produced A little water is added 3 Explanation Part 3 1.

05814 – 0.514 × 10-4) = 1.016 = 1. n(Au2O3) = Au2O3: n (Au2O3) left m (Au2O3) left = n (Au2O3)original – n (Au2O3)used = 0.2158) = 0.1285 × 10−3 = 0.022437 mol = nM = 0.2158) = 0. (a) SnO2 + 4H+ → Sn4+ + 2H2O (b) (Sn2 → Sn4 + 2e−)5 (MnO4− + 8H+ 5e− → Mn2+ + 4H2O)2 5Sn2+ + 2MnO4− = 16H+ → 5Sn4+ + 2Mn2+ + 8H2O 23.014106 × 118.1079 mol 6 6 m (H2O) = nM = 0.3 g 2 2 n (I2) = n(HI) = (0.52 + 23.315 × 318 1 1 n(HI) = (0.3 g 3 3 n (HI) = (0.4% 2.05814 mol [M(Au2O) = 442 g mol−1] M 442 PV 116 × 4.94g 3.92 = = 0.1285 × 10−3 mol n (Sn2+) in 20 mL = 2 2 250 × 1.00g AuI: n(AuI) produced = 2 2 n (HI) = (0.6744 g V (MnO4−) = % Sn = 1.07193 × 323.45 + 23.51 mL 3 n (MnO4− )used = cV = 0.2158) = 0.92 g HI: This is all used up as it is the limiting reagent So amount left = 0.03597 mol n(Au2O3) required to use all HI = 6 6 There is more than this so Au2O3 is in excess and HI is LR Use n(HI) to calculate quantities. Au2O3 + 6HI → 2AuI + 2I2 + 3H2O (a) m 25.8 = 18.562 .07193 mol 6 6 m (AuI) produced = nM = 0.7 = = 0.9 = 23.1079 × 18.2158) = 0.014106 mol n(Sn2+) in sample = n(Sn2+) in 250mL = 20 m(Sn) = nM = 0.03597 = 0.514 × 10−4 mol 5 5 n (MnO4−) = (4.2158 mol n(HI) = RT 8.56 = 23.02351 = 4.022437 × 442 = 9.07193 × 253.0192 × 0.2.07193 mol 6 6 I2 : m (I2)= nM H2O: n (H2O) = = 0.6744 × 100 = 65.7 = 1.

945 g C H N S 1.01 0.5 × 0.7416 n 1.1166 + 0.1157 1.7416g m(S) = 233.002 0.4.945 = 0.518 – 10.7416 = 0.945 0.01 32.00 0.016 m(NO2) = 11.1166 0.02313 32.02313 0. (a) m(H2O) = 12.042 = 0.315 × 295 m 2.18 ∴ Molecular formula = Empirical formula S N C C S N H H H H H OR H H H H H .3240g 46.02313 Mass (g) 7 5 1 1 Empirical formula is C7H5NS PV 103.064g 14.36 m(C) = 3.00 0.3240 0.56 – 11.372 m ∴ M = = = 135.02313 = 1.008 0.1157 = 5.02313 = 1.999 0.02313 0.064 = 0.1619 = 6.06 × 5.02313 14.3240 = 0.1619 12.7416) = 1.06 Simplest Ratio 0.398 = 0.454 = 1.01 m(N) = × 1.01755 mol RT 8.1166 g m(H) = 18.02313 0.127 – (0.01 0.4155 = = 0.2 n = M n 0.518 = 1.042 g 2.1166 = 0.01755 (b) n(compound) = M (C7H5NS) = 135.3240 + 0.016 × 1.

743. (a) m(FeO) in 1 tonne = 0.88 [M(TiO2) = 79.6g m(Cl) total used = m(Cl2) reacted with FeO + m(Cl2) reacted with TiO2 = 49338.5 g = 1735.45 = 107734.000 g n(TiO2) = m 950.000 = = 695.134 n(Cl) = n(HCl) = 8 × n(C6H5CH3) = 8(379.0 × 10 3 = = 379.88g mol−1] n(Cl2) reacted with TiO2 = 2n(TiO2) = 2(11892.39 g m(Cl) total lost = 49338.7 × 35.3 g = 157 kg n(FeO) = (b) m(TiO2) = 0.39 = 157073.05 × 106 = 50.7 mol m(Cl2) reacted with TiO2 = nM = 23785.05 × 35.89 mol [M(FeO) = 71.89 × 35.6 = 1.85 g mol−1] M 71.88) = 3039.8 mol M 79.9 + 1686404.000 = = 11892.9 g m 35.5.89 mol m(Cll2) reacted with FeO = nM = 695.7 For answers to Part 4 please see the Extended Answer Question Answers .134 g mol−1] n(C6H5CH3) = M 92.85 n (Cl2) reacted with FeO = n (FeO) = 695.88 mol [M(C6H5CH3) = 92.05% 1735.95 × 106 = 950.000 g m 50.05 mol m(Cl) = nM = 3039.7 kg % Cl lost = m (Cl) lost × 100 m (Cl) used = 157 × 100 = 9.8) = 23785.735.45 × 2 = 1686404.9 + 107734.45 × 2 = 49338.