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Chemistry 12 Trial Exam 3

Final- SOLUTIONS

TEE CHEMISTRY
SOLUTUONS
Part 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

a
b
c
b
d

6. b
7. a
8. b
9. a
10. d

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

b
a
c
c
d

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

d
c
c
d
b

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

c
c
b
d
a

26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

b
a
c
a
d

Part 2
1.

(a)

Fe3+(aq) + Pb(s) → Pb2+(aq) + 2Fe2+(aq)
Metal dissolves and the yellow/brown colour slowly fades (no ppt on metal and pale
green colour of Fe2+ is unlikely to be observed).

2.

3.

(b)

Ca2+(aq) + SO42 (aq) → CaSO4(s)
White ppt formed. (Most likely solution will turn milky indicating a small amount
of ppt).

(c)

FeS(s) + 2H+(aq) → H2S(g) + Fe2+(aq)
Solid dissolves, bubbles of colourless foul smelling gas produced.
Smell is of rotten eggs.

(d)

Cr2O3(s) + 2OH (aq) + 3H2O(l) → 2[Cr(OH)4](aq)
Green solid dissolves to form a deep green solution.

(a)

Vinegar solution contains more H+ (and H3O+) than water. As the [H+] and [H3O+]

increases, [HCO3 ] and [CO2(aq)] increases. This causes more CO2(g) to be produced.
This means that less CO2 needs to be dissolved for the solution to become saturated.

(b)

Add a base. This will reduce [H+] and [H3O+] and so reduce [CO2(aq)] allowing more
CO2(q) to dissolve before the solution becomes saturated.
* Reduce temperature.

1,1,2-trichloroethene
4-chloro-2,2-dimethylpentane
CH2CH2CH3
O
CH3C
OCH3

1

Ar . HCl hydroden bromide. Detect an acrid smell Sulfuric acid solution and Hydrochloric acid solution Describe test Add a solution containing Ba2+ [could also add solution containing Ca2+ or Ag+ but these must be concentrated to observe a ppt with SO42−] OR Dil Soln if Ag+ − − Observation for sulfuric acid solution White precipitate produced Observation for Hydrochloric acid solution Clear colourless solution. Si − CH3CH2CH2OH OH 2 – propanol..propanol . little or No ppt Heavy white ppt. CH3CHCH3 O propanoic acid. HS− (d) water. Ca2+ or Ga3+ 6. O2 (c) hydrogen sulfate. HCl Observation for sodium sulfite May observe bubbles of colourless gas. H2O ammonia. − 5. HI (g) 1 . NH3 (e) sodium chloride. HSO4 − hydrogen sulfite. S2 .4. HBr hydroden iodide. HCl (f) hydroden chloride. NaCl hydrochloric Acid. 7. − − Silicon. (a) Anode Cathode Ag → Ag+ + e − Ag+ + e → Ag (b) Anode Cathode Ni → Ni2+ + 2e − Ni2+ + 2e → Ni (a) Aluminium. CH3CH2C OH 2 . Cl . HSO3 hydrogen sulfide. K+ . Al or (b) Oxygen. Can be any 3 of: P3 . Observation for sodium sulfate No observable reaction Describe test Add an acid eg.

Ni. low ionisation − therefore [OH ] = 1 × 10 −5 − −1 mol L 1 even though [NH3] = 1 mol L  10 − 5  Note % ionisation of NH 3 = 1   100 = 0.dipole attraction 3 .001%  9. Mo. Higher temperature would require more energy. W. Cr etc.fully ionised − NH3 is a weak base NH3(aq) + H2O(l) ⇄ NH4+(aq) + OH .8. Te Te O O 10. V. hydrogen bonding dispersion forces dipole . more expense in construction and more maintenance therefore not economical • • (c) 11. Species Structural formula showing all valence electrons Tellurium (IV) oxide TeO2 O Chloric acid HClO3 O O O Cl O Germanate ion GeO32− O Ge O Cl H O 2- O O H 2- O Ge O O O (a) Fe2O3(s) + 3CO(g) → 2Fe(l) + 3CO2(g) (b) (i) • • • Increase concentration of CO(g) Operate at higher temperature (reaction is likely to be endothermic) Remove CO2(g) (ii) • • Equilibrium never allow to become established Increasing [CO] by increasing pressure will also increase [CO2] by the same amount therefore no effect Increasing [CO] by adding CO is not economically viable. Draw shape of molecule or ion • • Remove carbon Add other metals eg. − − − −9 KOH is a strong base so [OH ] = 1 × 10 5 mol L 1 therefore [H+] = 1 × 10 − therefore pH = 9 KOH(s) → K+(aq) + OH (aq) .

821272 × 100 = 52.002 0.22% 1.04534 × 100 = 3.573 %O = 100 .986 3.935 = 1.22 52. (a) TiO2(s) + 2CO(g) + 2Cl2(g) → TiCl4(g) + 2CO2(g) (b) n(CO) = PV = 105.55 + 3.90 = 0.02698 x 12.88 g mol−1] m(Rutile) = 100 × 1237.00 3.376 n(OH−) = n(KOH) = cV = 0.01 = 0.PART 3 1.41 22.00 0.3084 16.269 1.002 0.17 g [M(TiO2) = 79.33 kg 93 m(TiO2) pure 2.01028 mol m(Br) = nM = 0.01028 and H+ + OH− → H2O and HBr → H+ + Br− n(Br−) = n(H+) = n(OH−) = 0.33 x 10 3 g = 1.6536 3 H 3.4052 = 0.98 mol n (TiO2) pure = ½ n (10) = ½ (30.(23.6536 79.821372 g %Br = 0.01 1.9608 23. (a) n(C) = n(CO ) = 2 m(C) VSTP = 0.315 × 1223 3 = 30.55% 1.17 = 1300.55 23.98) = 15.00 × 10 RT 8.32407 g %C = 0.6536 5 Empirical formula is C3H5O2Br 4 O 20.6047 = 0.45 × 79.6536 2 Br 52.41 = nM = 0.016 %H = 0.04534 g 18.29 g = 1.935 20.32407 × 100 = 23.0269 mol 22.90 0.6536 1 .269 = 5.986 = 3.2952% 1.935% C % 23.269 = 5.22 = 0.45mol = nM = 15.016 × 0.0573 = 0.376 m(H) = 2.00 0.9608 Simplest ratio = 3.2952 + 52.6536 = 1.01028 × 79.55 n in 100 g = 1.008 3.1845 × 0.0 × 3.88 = 1237.23) = 20.

0. (a) n(CaCO 3 ) = M 22.9 92.3 = = 0.0502L V(CO 2 ) collected at STP = (b) (d) n(CaCO3) left = = = m 0.4018) = 0.1 ] n(HNO3) = cV = 4. H Br Br H O O OR H C C C H C C C OH H H OH H H 3.16 L 100 n(CaCO3) initial .6 h = I 15.1 3 n 8.41 = 0.0 × 10−3 = 0.1924 × 10−3 mol n(e − ) × 96490 8.10 × 98.4018) = 0.3 × 4.3 mol RT 8.0219 mol = 2.(b) PV 55.027 × 10 n(Compd) = M(C3H5O2Br) = 152.2228 .502 = 4.7308 × 10 -3 mol n(e−) = 3n(Rh) = 3(2.228 M = = = 152.2009 mol V(CO2)STP produced = n × 22.2228 mol therefore CaCO3 is in excess and HNO3 is LR n(CO2) produced = ½ n (HNO3) = ½ (0.41 = 4.0 × 10 -3 5 .3 minutes = 14.027 × 10 .2308 × 10−3) = 8.1924 × 10 -3 × 96490 t= = 52699 s = 878.n(CaCO3) used 0.2228 mol M 100.4018 mol 2H+ + CaCO3 → CO2 + H2O + Ca2+ n(CaCO3) to use all HNO3 = ½ n(HNO3) = ½ (0.2009 × 22.155 l = 4.0 × 0.970 g mol−1 As the molecular mass is the same as the empirical formula mass then molecular formula is the same as the empirical formula ie C3H5O2Br.09 g mol.281 n(Rh) = = M 102.2009 mol There is 0.978 g mol .6347 = = 8.09 [M(CaCO 3 ) = 100.2009 0.315 × 523 m 1.

4 × 10 3 Conc in ppm = = 2.27 3. [M(H2C2O4] = 90.59 30.68 mL 3 6H+ + 2MnO4− + 5H2C2O4 → 2Mn2+ + 10CO2 + 8H2O n(MNO4−) = cV = 5.42 1.996 ≈ 3 0.27 44.4.20 14.) = 96490 96490 n(e ) × 96490 0.02156) = 0.6 × 10 .29 14.51 Volume used 15.04312 0.036 = 2.01439 mol M 102.7 = 2.294 x 10 .04312 × 96490 = ∴I = t 2.68 14.48 = = 0.61439 The charge on the rhodium ion is + 3 5.55 − n(e ) = 2n(Cu) = 2(0.3 For answers to Part 4 please see the Extended Answer Question Answers 6 .55 × 60 × 60 n(Cu) = n(Rh) = m 1.56 18.34 × 10−8 mol − n(H2C2O4)20mL = 52 × n(MnO4 ) = 1.64 VAverage = 14. Rough Estimate (mL) 1st trial (mL) 2nd trial (mL) 3rd trial (mL) 4th trial (mL) Initial reading 0.065 × 10 .15 16.8 − Rhx+ + Xe → Rh − n(e ) = Xn(Rh) = 0.065 × 10 4 g.04312 ∴X = = 2.036 g mol−1] = 2.68 × 10−3 = 7.64 = 14.835 × 10 .835 × 10−7 n(H 2 C 2 O 4 ) in sample = n(H 2 C 2 O 4 ) in 250 mL Dil −6 m(H2C2O4) in sample = nM = 2. (a) (b) (c) − Cu2+ + 2e → Cu m 1.73 14.87 Final reading 15.09 ppm 98.1439) = 0.04312 mol q It = n(e .37 = = 0.59 30.73 + 14.00 × 10−6 × 14.04312 X(0.02168 mol M 63.294 × 10 250 × 1.39 15.68 + 14.6 mol 20 − × 90.