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Palawan State University

College of Engineering, Architecture and Technology

CEAT RESEARCH MANUAL

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Table of Contents

Cover Page i
Table of Contents

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Chapter 1
CEAT’s Research Thrusts and Priority Areas………………………………..1
Chapter 2
Sequence & Description of The Parts Of Research Paper……………………3
Chapter 3
College Research Policies………………………………………………………….11
Chapter 4
College Research Procedures………………………………………………………13
Chapter 5
Format & Style……………………………………………………………………...15
Chapter 6
Functions and Responsibilities………………………………………………….....19
Bibliography ……………………..…………………………………………………….20
Samples of Format and Style ……………………………………………………..21

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Chapter 1

CEAT’s RESEARCH THRUSTS AND PRIORITY AREAS

1.1. Architecture and Architectural Technology
a) Better building and landscape designs
b) Innovative or new construction methods
c) New application of existing architectural theories, equipment, materials and methodologies
integrating green architecture
1.2. Civil Engineering
a) Innovative or new construction tools and equipment
b) Alternative construction materials
c) Innovative or new construction methods or procedures
d) New application of existing civil engineering theories, equipment, materials and
methodologies
e) Better structural models and designs
f) Better water supply systems and reservoirs
1.3. Electrical Engineering and Electrical Engineering Technology
a) Innovative or new electrical tools and equipment
b) Innovative or new electrical work methods or procedures
c) More efficient power generation, transmission and distribution
d) More efficient control systems
e) New application of existing electrical engineering theories, equipment, materials and
methodologies
f) Energy conservation programs
g) Alternative source of electrical energy
1.4. Mechanical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering Technology
a) New and innovative mechanical tools and equipment
b) New methods or harnessing renewable sources of energy
c) Innovative or new mechanical work methods or procedures
d) New application of existing mechanical engineering theories, equipment, materials, and
methodologies
e) More efficient engine processes
1.5. Petroleum Engineering and Petroleum Engineering Technology
a) More efficient oil drilling and recovery systems
b) Survey of hydrocarbon potentials
c) Better pipeline designs and maintenance systems
d) New application of existing mechanical engineering theories, equipment, materials, and
methodologies
e) Finding renewable sources of energy

b) Non-destructive and more efficient methods and equipment for exploiting natural resources. or controlling environmental degradation or destruction. and processes for avoiding.3 1.6. methods. . Conservation of Environment and Natural Resources a) More effective systems. Instruction and Curriculum development a) Better instructional media and instruments b) Better teaching methods and procedures c) More effective curricular programs d) Instructional modules e) Interactive instructional CDs f) Instructor’s teaching guides g) Students’ study guides 1. instruments.7. abating.

3.1. “title page” ABSTRACT SIGNATURE PAGE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES OR TABLES Chapter 1 – INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Statement of the Problem General and Specific Problem Significance of the Study Assumptions of the Study Chapter 2 – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Chapter 3 . 10. 6. 5. Conventional Research Proposal 1.1. 4. 5.2. 7.1. 9. Conventional Research Final Manuscript 1. “title page” PROPOSAL APPROVAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 – INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Statement of the Problem General and Specific Problem Significance of the Study Assumptions of the Study Chapter 2 – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Chapter 3 – CONCEPTUAL/THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK(Optional) Chapter 4 – MATERIALS AND METHODS Materials. 2. 8. and equipment Used Research design and Methodology Chapter 5 – RESULTSAND FINDINGS Chapter 6 – CONCLUSIONSAND RECOMMENDATIONS BIBLIOGRAGRAPHY GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS APPENDICES . Tools. 8. Tools. 3. 13. 12. 2. 4.1. 7. 9. 6. and equipment Used Research design and Methodology BIBLIOGRAGRAPHY GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS RESEARCH WORKPLAN 2. 11. 15. 14. 10.CONCEPTUAL/THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK(Optional) Chapter 4 – MATERIALS AND METHODS Materials. Sequence 2.4 Chapter 2 SEQUENCE & DESCRIPTION OF THE PARTS OF RESEARCH PAPER 2.

3. 6.5 2. 4. 11. Project Study Proposal “title page” PROPOSAL APPROVAL SHEET TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 – INTRODUCTION General Information Project Type Project Type Beneficiaries Proponents Implementing Agency Background of the Study General and Specific Objectives Rationale of the Study Benefits of the Study Assumptions of the Study Data-Gathering Methodology 5. 13. GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY 6. 2. 1. “title page” SIGNATURE PAGE PROJECT SUMMARY ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES OR TABLES Chapter 1 – INTRODUCTION General Information Project Type Project Type Beneficiaries Proponents Implementing Agency Background of the Study General and Specific Objectives Rationale of the Study Benefits of the Study Assumptions of the Study Data-Gathering Methodology Chapter 2 – TECHNICAL ASPECT Chapter 3 – FINANCIAL ASPECT Chapter 4 – ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT ASPECT Chapter 5 – SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS Chapter 6 – ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Chapter 7 – CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS APPENDICES . 7. 10. 14. 5. Project Study Final Report 1. PROJECT STUDY WORKPLAN 2.1. 9. 4. 15. 8. 3.4. 3.1. 16. 12. 2.

2.It is an account describing the circumstances that suggested the research ([6] p. . Introduction Background of the Study . Statement of the Problem . Conventional Research Paper Title - This is a distinctive name given to the study which describes the scope of the research work in specific. . available resources.22). . Is a succinct account of the thesis containing statement of the problem.1.20). .26). it must be one that can be investigated through the collection and analysis of data ([4]p. Strength Groupings of Philippine Timber species for Structural Purposes 4.26).6 2.32).33). clear and concise terms ([1]) The name should convey the subject matter of the study by the use of key terms ([4} p. Floating Water Wheel Actuated Irrigation Pump Abstract - This is a mini-version of the paper ([2] p. . Examples: 1.20) It should subsume or encompass the theme of the study as a whole ([5] p.It may include a justification of the selection or choice of the study ([6] p. and must reflect a noteworthy contribution to the proponent’s field of specialization and to the society in general ([5]p. . [5]p.The research problem must be one that is borne out of a particular situation of need or unresolved difficulties ([6]p. Vaporizer Carburetor for Internal combustion Engines 3.The nature and scope of the problem must be stated precisely and clearly ([2] p. and other restrictions ([4]p.28).The problem must be one in which the proponent can adequately investigate given his current level of research skill. Strength and stiffness of Nailed and Glued Plywood-Web Box Beams 2. .10). . It should be short and simple yet fully explanatory ([4] p.The problem must be researchable. Description 2.26. results and conclusions It is a one-page presentation written in a maximum of 200 words.This section contains the general and specific statements of the main research problem which the study hopes to solve or give an answer [1].This section contains the overview of the study discussing the factors that lead to the conceptualization of the problem ([1]).23).The problem must be original.22).The problem can be stated in the declarative or interrogative form ([6]p. . . that is. time. unique. relevant.23). Utilization of Low Pressure Natural Gas Seepage 5. procedures or methods used.26).2.It supplies sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the study ([2]p.

the proponent himself/herself and his/her profession ([5]p.26).The research objectives must address the purpose of the study.20.It presents in brief the subject areas of investigation.20.This section enumerates and discussions the contributions of the study to: the country. the reasons behind delimiting the scope of the study ([5]p.[5]p.35).33. the place. . experience.33.121). [4]p.This section is adopted as premise to the solution or answer to the problem envisioned in the study ([5]p. and policies. the time period or school year covered.It expounds on the study’s probable impact to education. ([5]p. which is to solve or give an answer to the research problem 9[3]p.[1]). the region.[6]p.33.23. principal findings. [5]p.[1]). . If no related studies were included due to non-availability. The propositions are based on the researcher’s own intuition.27. it is so stated in the introductory part and the chapter’s heading is modified to “Review of Related Literature” only ([5]p.[1]). the sponsoring institution or agency.33).35-42.This section contains the general and specific objectives of the study.35). concrete. Scope and Delimitation of the Study .[6]p.27). and if necessary. science. technology. conclusions. [5]pp.[6]p. weaknesses and strengths of the other related studies ([1].27). [1]).121). Assumptions of the Study . the nature and number of respondents or subjects involved. This chapter examines and discusses the following: how the present study is related to other studies in its field.This section contains propositions of some occurrences or considerations that may be considered in delimiting the area of study ([4]p.[6]p.27. etc. and achievable goals ([3]p. Significance of the Study . and a statement of the purpose of the review and its topical organization ([4]p. Review/Survey of Related Literature and/or Studies - This chapter contains a review and evaluation of the literature and/or studies related to the present study being undertaken ([4]p. plans. . ([5] p. . giving a specific. and time frame of the study. This chapter is concluded with a summary of the important aspects of the review ([3]p. what are the purposes.122.[6]p. . on-going researches.This section enumerates and explains the limits or the coverage.20.26).27). etc. The review should be logically arranged by topic or theme ([4]p. nature. the immediate community. the national government’s goals.35). new knowledge and. methodologies.The objectives must flow naturally from the problem statement.7 Objectives of the Study .20. limitations on instruments or research design and methodology. theory and practice. . and observations but which is not scientifically proven ([5]p. This chapter starts with a brief introduction concerning the researcher’s exploration of related literature and/or studies on the research problem.

50-58). Note however that this chapter is often not necessary for engineering related research papers because the Review of Related Studies and Literature chapter can serve as the conceptual framework. Subjects of the Study. Place of Research.[2]pp.[2]pp.[5]pp.[4]p.43-49. Conclusions and Recommendations - This chapter contains two sections namely: Conclusion and Recommendation The Conclusions are drawn from the findings.35-37). or that provide the legitimate bases for defining its parameters or limits ([1]. It answers directly each of the questions or sub-problems or hypotheses that were posed at the outset of the study ([3]p.14).28). and are appropriately qualified with limitations noted.8 Conceptual/Theoretical Framework - - This chapter discusses the different theories and models that provide the conceptual underpinning or foundation of the study.24).[4]p.31). This theoretical scheme is the basis for formulating the research hypothesis ([6]p. experimental environment. place of study. etc. The chapter contains only facts and no opinions ([3]pp. this chapter contains clear and precise description and technical specification of the improved object or procedure.[1].43. Description of technical specifications of materials and instruments.678. quantities. For descriptive or Exploratory Research. etc. and the analyses and interpretation of data should be objective and logical ([6]p. indicators. positive or negative) of the research. ([2]pp.[5]pp. Results and Findings - This chapter presents all the results.30. the statistical methods and treatments. ([5]p.[6]p. Materials and Methods - - This chapter describes (and justify if necessary) in full detail the materials and instruments used in the study.21). In its basic form.35-37).21). and graphs with brief and clear descriptions ([3]pp.40-42. outputs and findings (whether favorable or unfavorable.40-42.45. this chapter consists of a synthesis or a combination of various sets of theories serving as the theoretical backbone of the study ([4]p.[6]p. This chapter is divided into sections with headings such as: Materials and Instruments Used.[6]p.60. The discussion is usually supported by a schematic paradigm or model (showing the theory. and procedures must be precise and accurate so that any competent researcher can repeat the study ([2]pp. The variables and indicators used should be defined and placed under the subsection Definition of Terms.35-37. tables. [4]p.[5]pp. the research design and strategy or the methods and procedures of conducting the research. this chapter contains a summary of collected information or data usually presented in simple charts. and variables) that graphically portrays the theories and concepts involved ([5]p. are in line with the Statement of the Problem and the Hypothesis/ses (if any).677-678. .30).[5]p.677-678. For innovations.50-58).[2]pp.30. The discussion of results and findings. Research design and Methods.

project site.31. etc. materials. the socio-economic and environmental impacts and recommendations Introduction General Information .2. d. Appendix - The appendices are the places for supplementary tables or charts.2. . the technical and financial aspects.679. project’s beneficiaries. It is also unethical to phrase an acknowledgement in a way that seemingly denotes endorsement ([2]pp. or fellowships c.It supplies sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the study ([2]p. .47-48): a.The general objective must address the main purpose of the study. It states the objective and importance of the study.This section contains the general and specific objectives of the study. For any outside financial assistance.9 - The Recommendations are made in line with the findings. copies of forms and questionnaires. suggesting how such findings could be applied in resolving the problem issue. and project’s implementing agency in brief but clear statements. . Objectives of the Study . For supplying special equipment. supporting documents and pictures.This section contains the overview of the study discussing the factors that lead to the conceptualization of the problem ([1]). proponent’s name. Project study Report (Engineering Construction or Installation) Title – same as in conventional research Project Summary - It briefly describes the project.32). and other materials and supporting evidences that cannot be included in the body because of their length and details ([2]p. contracts. 2.This section contains description of the project type.It is an account describing the circumstances that suggested the research ([6] p. .47-48).[3]p.26).46). Background of the Study .679). It can also include suggestions for further research ([6]p. It suggests specific but feasible actions. For any significant technical help b. For providing important ideas or suggestions Statements should be carefully worded so as not to embarrass or displease the person or organization.[4]p. copies of articles and clippings of periodicals. such as grants. An inappropriate “thank you” is worse than none at all”. supplementary computer print-outs. Acknowledgement - - This section contains statements of gratitude to individuals or organizations for the following ([2]pp.

Design (plans. and design to be used must have a brief statement of justification. Organizational structure of the construction/installation team. Benefits/Importance of the Study . and tools to be used 3. 4. and workable goals. Financial Aspects - This chapter includes the following: 1. Rationale of the Study This section presents the primary reason/s why the project is conducted. Socio-Economic Impacts - This chapter contains the following: 1. Description and population size of the users/beneficiaries of the project and the people affected by the project. Specifications and quantity of machinery. Specifications and quantity of materials to be used (Bill of Materials) 2.10 - The specific objectives must be the activities to be completed to accomplish the general objective. Projected total annual benefits (for the whole project lifetime period).The choice of materials. 3. duties. 5. Assumptions of the study . Payback period Organization and Management Aspects - This chapter comprises the following: 1. Technical Aspects This chapter contains the following: 1.This section contains propositions of some occurrences or considerations that may be considered in delimiting the area of the study ([4]p. machinery and equipment. It may include a justification of the choice of the topic of the study. 2. Benefit/cost ratio 6. . experience. The propositions are solely based on the researcher’s own intuition. Sources of funds. itemized and summarized. and drawings) and specifications of the project structure 4. the beneficiaries. and benefits of each personnel. wages. the sponsoring institution or agency. with work schedules on Gantt Chart and PERT/CPM . Type and number of construction/installation workers. Initial project cost. 2. layouts. Salaries. Program of construction/installation work. Projected total annual cost (for the whole project lifetime period).26). and the proponent/s. all of which are specific. 4. and observations ([5]p. Functions. equipment.[1]). concrete. 3.23). and responsibilities of each personnel.This section enumerates and discusses the benefits and importance of the study to the region or the immediate community.

. 2. Conclusions and Recommendations .The Recommendations suggest how the study could be implemented. The suggestions are specific but feasible actions. . 3. Effects of the project on the affected natural environment. Estimated annual cost or burden (if any. 5. What could be done to lessen the burden or unfavorable impacts (if any) of the project on the social and economic lives of the beneficiaries and people affected. itemized and summarized) in monetary equivalent. Estimated annual benefits (itemized and summarized) in monetary equivalent. 3. Effects of the project on the social and economic lives of the beneficiaries and the people or community affected by the project. that the project brings on the beneficiaries and the people affected by the project. Environmental Impacts - This chapter contains the following: 1.11 2. Description of the natural environment that is affected by the project. Estimated cost of harm or destruction (itemized and summarized) on the affected natural environment. that the project gives to the beneficiaries and the people affected by the project. 4.This chapter contains two sections namely: Conclusion and Recommendation . Measure taken to avoid or lessen the unfavorable impact of the project on the natural environment. 4. The inferences are appropriately qualified with limitations noted.The Conclusion contains inferences drawn from the overall result of the study.

.No research presentation and defense shall be held outside this period.The maximum number of research proponents per research topic shall be four. Allowed period for Research Defense . . 3.8. tables and figures using projector or any media that could display them clearly and conspicuously to the research committee. 3.1. Composition of the Research Committee . . 3. Designation of Research Adviser . .1. all of whom must be knowledgeable of the research topic.The research proponent/s must dress up in school uniform during the proposal defense and in formal attire during the final defense. .1. The Research Coordinator keeps one copy and submits the other one to the Dean’s Office for filing. 3.Two bound copies signed by the Research Committee. In the absence of the Research Coordinator.2. Approval of Research Topic .3.5. 3.The Research 01 Instructor shall sit as one of the members of the panel.The research proponent/s must present all drawings.No presentation and defense shall be held if this minimum number of examiners is not met.The approved bound copies of final research paper must be submitted to the research coordinator not later than the final examination period. who will be composed of a chairperson (the Research adviser acts as the Chairperson) and two members.1. .7.6.The Research 01 Instructor shall approve the research topic 3. Number of Proponents Per Topic .4. .1.1. Conduct of Presentation and Defense .The minimum number of the research committee shall be three.The designated research adviser may accept or reject the designation through the Research Advisory Designation Letter. it may be submitted to the Dean’s Secretary. Regarding Student Research Work 3.1. 3.1.12 Chapter 3 COLLEGE RESEARCH POLICIES 3. Failure to do so shall be grounds for point deductions from their defense performance.The Research 01 Instructor shall objectively designate the research advisers to his research students.1.1.Research presentation and defense shall be held only within the following period: Two weeks after the start of the semester up to the day twoweeksbefore the start of the final examination period. Department Chairman and the College Dean must be submitted to the Research Coordinator. Number of Bound Copies to be Submitted . Deadline for Submission of Approved Bound Copies of Final Research Paper .A research presentation and defense must not exceed two (2) hours except in the proposal defense where everything has to be clarified.

the College’s Department Chairpersons. Creates and implements policies. but must leave his/her students with an activity to work on. Sets research priorities for the College.2. . 3.13 3. 3. Reviews and make appropriate amendments to improve existing policies and guidelines in the management of the college research activities.4. .The College Research Council shall be composed of the College Dean. College Research Coordinator. Length of Abstract . .5 College Research Council .An examiner who has a class during the schedule of defense shall be excused from his/her class.9. and mechanism pertaining to the management of the college research activities. and know-how. 3.1.The research topic must be in line with the College’s and University’s research thrusts and priority areas. Research Topic .The College Dean shall serve as the Chairperson of the Council. guidelines. 3.Research malpractices such as plagiarism (copying from other research works and owning it) and fabrication of data are strictly prohibited and will be dealt with according to the intellectual property laws.The research topic must be within the researcher’s expertise. Research Work Ethics . . 3.3.The College Research Council shall have the following functions: 1. Formulates strategic plan for the College’s research program.The Abstract must not exceed two hundred (200) words. and one faculty representative from each of thecollege’s departments. 2. 4. capability. Conflicting Class and Defense Schedule .

4. . Schedule of Defense . and givethe same to the College Research Coordinator for finalization and logging in the Defense Schedule Logbook. .g. Research 01 Instructor (for Proposal defense) or Research 02 Instructor (for Final Defense). the student should ask his/her Research 01 instructor for another adviser.not bound) to the adviser and the members of the panel of examiners at least two (2) days before the schedule of defense.Form2 on page 29). The adviser secures Rating Sheets from the Research Unit Office and gives each Examiner and the Research Instructor a Rating Sheet before the start of the oraldefense.1 Designating Research Advisers for Student Researchers 1. The student researcher/s fill/s up the Research Defense Request Form (RDRF. .14 Chapter 4 COLLEGE RESEARCH PROCEDURES 4.2. The Research 01 instructor objectively designates the faculty research advisers to his/her students according to course (e. 3. and Members of the Panel Examiners. or if he/she receives the copy less than two (2) days before the schedule date of defense. The students prepare the Designation Letter (Form 1 on page 33) and have it signed by the College Dean. The designated adviser signifies his/her acceptance or rejection of the designation by signing on the corresponding space provided in the Designation Letter. The student researcher/s submit/s a copy of the research paper (proposal or final manuscript) to the research adviser for consultation and recommendation for defense. The Research Committee rates the researcher/s through the Rating Sheets. 5.3 Grading the Oral Defense (of student researchers): 1. Distribute photocopies of the Proposal or Final Manuscript (in folders.) 2. have it signed by the adviser. 3. 2. 4. 4. 4. 2. After the defense.An examiner may opt not to come to the presentation if he/she does not receive a copy of the Proposal of Final Manuscript. a CE faculty to CE research student/s etc.2 Requesting the Defense of a Research Paper 1. The students return the signed Designation Letter to the Research 01 instructor. 4.. The student gives the Designation Letter to his/her designated advisers for the adviser’s acceptance or rejection. Adviser. The student researcher/s submit/s the signed RDRF to the Dean for approval. theResearch Committee gives their Rating Sheets to the Research Instructor. Distribute/s photocopies of the approved RDRF to the following.An Examiner may opt not to come to the presentation if he/she does not receive a copy of the approved RDRF. For a rejected Designation Letter. 5.The Research Coordinator prepares objectively the schedule of defense by course coordination with Research 01/02 Instructors. Dean.

The student researchers shall orally present a summary of their research paper (not to exceed 20 minutes).4 Research Defense Procedure: 1. In the proposal defense. 9. 3.The Research 01 Instructorsubmits a copy of the Research Title. In the Final defense. 7. The Research Committee shall hold a pre-examination conference to determine how the examination will be conducted. The examination formally starts with the introduction of the student researchers by the Research Adviser.No defense shall proceed in its absence. 8.15 4. the panelists will convene for a while to decide on the final verdict. A planned order of asking question may be decided upon. evaluate. Statement of the Problem and the Methodology to the Research Coordinator as reference for their final defense. The students/proponents note all the panelists’ suggestions and recommendations. The panel chairperson shall announce the final decision. . 10. After the presentation and examination. 11. 6. 5. The panelists should keep their copy of the research proposal presented for future reference. The Research Committee shall then examine. the Research Committee clarifies the problem and research methodology to be undertaken. The Research Instructor shall check the approved Research Request Defense Form. the Research Adviser who is a member of the Panel may help answer questions in behalf of his advisees. 4. 2. and rate the researchers and their paper.

All the pages starting from the Introduction (Chapter 1) up to the last page of the research paper must have an Arabic numeral system format. Table of contents.All other inscriptions/writings in the Abstract.Title in the title page ------. iii.Bibliography ------. that is.(Example of the Chapter pages are on pages 28-29) 3. iv. Appendices 3.Title page of a faculty research paper ------. Appendices ------. Bibliography.size 14 . 3.size 12 . Bibliography.Single-spaced for the following pages: Bound Cover page.1 ½ inches . 2.see example on page 24 .The following pages must not have a visible page number: Title page.see example on page 20 .size 16 .Glossary of Technical Terms ------.Page Margins: All pages from the title page up to the last page of the paper or must have the following page margins: Top. Glossary of Technical Terms. Approval sheet/Signature Page.see example on page 19 .size 12 3. Title page.All other inscriptions in the title page ------. that is i.6 Margins: .Heading in the Abstract.4 Line Spacing: . . List of Figures or Tables or Charts.Research page of a faculty research paper ------.List of Figures or Tables or Charts ------.see example on page 27 . Approval Sheet/Signature Page.Double-spaced for the following pages: Abstract.Title page of a student’s research paper ------. 3.All the pages before Chapter 1 – Introduction must have a Roman numeral system.Table of Contents ------. Approval Sheet/Signature page.1 Font style of all text/inscriptions: Times New Roman 3.3 Form and style of the parts & pages: . Acknowledgements.1 inch Left Margin ------. 1.Research Approval Sheet (for final paper) ------.The page number must appear at the topmost right-hand corner of the page.see example on page 25 . Acknowledgement. and Right Margins ------. Approval/Signature page.5 Page Numbering: .Front cover of the bound paper/report ------. List of Figures/Tables/Charts. Bottom. List of Figures/Tables/Charts. first page of the abstract.see example on page 23 . ii.see example on page 21 .Chapter title and heading ------. Chapter pages .size 14 . … . Glossary of Technical Terms. Contents.see example on page 26 .Subheading and all other text ------. 4. …(small letters) .16 Chapter 5 FORMAT & STYLE 3.size 14 .see example on page 22 .2 Size of Font: . Acknowledgement. and the first page of the table of contents.Appendices ------. . Table of Contents.

it must be cut by 3 dots like this: BERNARD’S MODEL-BASED EXPERT… “engg.17 3. 3. inscribe only the “engg. PetE for Petroleum Eng’g... E. A. 2. field.White bond paper 3.1 For Faculty Research Paper Legend: “name of author” should be inscribed in this way: Einstein. Arch for Architecture PSU “year”: the “year” is the year that the research work was completed and approved example: PSU 2009 (Note: 1. EE for Electrical Eng’g.9.. “title of research” should all be inscribed in capital letters.The College selects one binding store to ensure uniformity. .if the title is very long that it will not fit even on two lines.8 ½ ” x 11” (short) Kind of paper ------.9 Inscriptions on the Side of the Bound Cover 3.. ME for Mechanical Eng’g. If the thickness of the bunch of papers to be bound is less that ¼ of an inch.Proposals or manuscripts that are still to be presented and defended should not be bound but should be placed in short folders secured by a sliding side clips or fasteners . field” is for the acronym of the engineering field of the author: CE for the Civil Eng’g.7 Size and Kind of Paper Size of paper ------. All text font should be Times New Roman.8 Binding Style and Color of the Cover & Its Inscriptions Binding style: Soft Bound (for student research manuscript) Hard Bound (for faculty research manuscript) Cover color: Maroon Cover inscriptions color: Gold Note: .”) .

..” stands for more than one page and the numbers following the “pp. 3.if the title is very long that it will not fit on the space provided. If the thickness of the bunch of papers to be bound is less that ¼ of an inch.9. field.. field” is for the acronym of the engineering field of the author: CE for the Civil Eng’g. Arch for Architecture “year”: is the year that the research work was completed and approved Example: 2009 (Note: 1.18 3.1 Citing one source Example: 1. . PetE for Petroleum Eng’g.. 535.” is the page number. . All text font should be Times New Roman..11 Citing Sources and References 3. inscribe only the “engg.471)” – when cited statement/ idea is located on a single page of the referred source. 593-598)” – when cited statement/ idea is located on a single page of the referred source. EE for Electrical Eng’g.” stands for page and the following “p. it must be cut by 3 dots like this: BERNARD’S MODEL-BASED EXPERT… “engg. .10 Inscriptions on the Front Cover (See example on page 20) (Note: The title should be in Times New Roman font size 16. “…end of the sentence ([8] pp.The “pp. 2.471-524.” are the page numbers.” Note: .The “p. ME for Mechanical Eng’g.The number insane [ ] is the list order number in the Bibliography of the source reference. All other inscriptions should be in Times New Roman font size 14) 3.”) 3.11.2 For Student Research Paper Legend: “title of research” should be inscribed in capital letters. “… end of the sentence ([8] p.

[2] pp. and the series number.11.12 Captions on Figures.Captions should begin with the word “Figure” if it is a figure. Tables. etc. [13] pp.3. “… end of sentence ([8] p. and Graphs .5-11. number 2 indicates that the figure is within Chapter 2. the section number. Sketch of the prototype Note: The numbers 2. 5 represents the chapter number. Charts. Example 1: Figure 2. In the above caption.Captions should be placed at the top of the figure and should start at the Leftmost corner of the figure.1.2. respectively.2 Citing more than one source Example: 1.5. or “Table” if it is a table.1 of chapter 2.1 Example 2: Chart 5. 1. Growth of … . and number 5 indicates that the figure is the 5th figure in section 2.94-102. number 1 indicates that the figure is within section 2.19 3.471. . Pictures. 27)” 3.

Rates the proponent/s paper and performance during the oral defense – through the Defense Rating Sheet. 2. Submits reports on research activities at the end of every semester. Rates his/her advisees and gives the grades to the instructor who handles the subject where his/her advisees’ research paper is required. Stands as chairman of the panel of examiners/thesis committee during the oral defense. Assist the college dean in enhancing the research competencies of the faculty. in the conduct of the research work. Recommends to the College of Dean the oral presentation and defense of the research through the research defense request form. 3. 3.1 Undergraduate Research Adviser 1. 4. Checks the research paper (proposal and final manuscript) for any errors and mistakes in content.4). 6. Evaluates the research paper and examines the research proponent/s during the oral defense. Assists the college dean in implementing and evaluating the research plan. Coordinates the research activities of the college’s faculty and students. 7. 3. 5. Approves the paper through the attached Approval Sheet for the Research Proposal and the Signature Page for the final research. 5. . 6. Initiates the formulation of the research plans for the college. Acts as the Secretary of the College Research Council. spelling and grammar. 4. 6. 2. and in the write-up of the results ([9] p. and mechanisms pertaining to the management of the college’s research activities and assists the college dean in implementing the same. Initiates the formulation of policies.20 Chapter 6 FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES 6. Guides and monitors the activities his/her advisees in the preparation of their research documents. 2. 4.2 Thesis Committee/Panel of Examiners 1. Offers suggestions to the proponent/s as to how to improve the paper. guidelines.3 College Research Coordinator 1.

McGraw-Hill. PuertoPrincesaCity. SF. MM. 1995. 2 nd edition. Developing Competencies in Research Writing. Maura B. [8] Ulrich. Cooper. Eppinger. MA. Karl T. 4 th edition. HANDBOOK [9] PSU Handbook in Feasibility Study / Thesis Writing for Undergraduate Students.. 2000. Robert A. [6] Manese. 1988. and Azucena J. 1986. NY. [3] Emory. PalawanStateUniversity. Phil. Zulueta. Irwin. 1987. CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS [10] Manegdeg. N. Ferdinand G.. McGraw-Hill Companies. USA. Inc. Business Research Methods.. Assn.. and Wallen. Melfon Publishing. 1991. 1991 [4] Fraenkel. How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper. 2nd edition. Boston.. J. Inc. Master’s Thesis and Doctoral Dissertation. and Steven D. R. Palawan State University.. William C. and Donald R. E. 2003. 2002 OTHERS [11] Faculty & Academic Staff Performance Efficiency Rating Form.21 BIBLIOGRAPHY CHED MEMORANDUM [1] CHED’s Research Proposal Application Guide BOOKS [2] Day. Conference on Achieving Engineering R & D in Alliances. . Vicente F. MA. Product Design and Development. Essentials of Technical English. 2 nd edition. Phoenix... [5] Fonollera. Inc. 3 rd edition.. Oryx Press. MM. Quezon City. Inc. Merriam & Webster. Developing and Evaluating a Research Proposal. 1993. Sampaloc. Elements of Engineering Research & Development. Luz B. Pasig. for Graduate Education.. Boston. How to Design and Evaluate Research In Education. [7] Sanchez. Inc.

TAYLOR HENRY L.FRONT COVER TITLE OF BOUND PAPER OF STUDENT AND FACULTY RESEARCH PAPER IN TIMES NEW ROMAN FONT SIZE 16 by FREDERICK W. GANTT An Undergraduate Technical Research Submitted to the College of Engineering. Architecture and Technology Palawan State University Puerto Princesa City As Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For Degree of Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering November 2010 Inverted Pyramid 22 .

GANTT College of Engineering. Architecture and Technology Palawan State University Puerto Princesa City November 2010 Inverted Pyramid 23 . TAYLOR HENRY L.TITLE IN TITLE PAGE OF A STUDENT RESEARCH PAPER IN TIMES NEW ROMAN FONT SIZE 16 by FREDERICK W.

Bibliography 77 Glossary of Technical Terms 95 Appendices 99 79 92 . . .24 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page List of Figures viii List of Tables xi Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Background of the Study Statement of the Problem Objectives of the Study Significance of the Study Scope and Delimitation of the Study Assumptions of the Study Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies . Chapter 6 Conclusions and Recommendations . . 22 Chapter 5 Results and Findings .

2. A portion of the Taxonomy of Project Selection Problems 4 3. Flowchart of the Program INTRFC00 3.1..1.5.25 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1.3.5.1. The Installation Batch File 33 3. ….5. 27 .

7.1.2 34 Average Times of the “Intrinsic” Operations in Each System .5.26 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 2.1 28 Summary of the Main Functions of Input and Output Programs 3. 5 List of the Major MP Horizon Models 3.

Hydraulic Gradient – is a line which connects the water levels in a piezometer tubes placed at intervals along the pipe. . .27 GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS Energy Gradient – is the line higher than the hydraulic gradient by an amount equal to the velocity head of the pipe. . . .

1. Ho 1 + eo [Cr (log σvmax – log σvo) + Cc(log σvf – log σvmax) ] . .1.1. In…. . .1. Figure 1.Background of the Study One of the non-conventional energy sources which could be utilized for domestic cooking and lighting is natural gas seepage. commonly known as “marsh gas”.2. Figure 1.28 Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1. General Structure of the System (write source if the figure is just a copy) .(write source if the model is just a copy) Spc= . The Mathematical Model of…. .

.1. . To… .2.. Comparison….1. .29 Table 1. . 2. 1.Objectives of the Study General: To… Specific: 1. To.. 1.2 Statement of the Problem The…. . ..

. Figure 2. Prototype of….1. (write source if the picture is just a copy) . 2.30 Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter reviews the …….. ..1.1. . . Similar Mechanical Devices Leonardo da Vinci developed ….

Research Adviser 2. MELCHOR E. _____________________________. and panel of examiners for the defense of our Research Proposal/Final Manuscript entitled __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Schedule (Date & Time) _______________________________ Venue ____________________________ Research Committee: 1.1 Republic of the Philippines PALAWAN STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering. _____________________________. Respectfully yours. _____________________________. JENNIFER CACAL CEAT Research Coordinator Approved: __________________________ Dean . _____________________ _____________________ Recommended by: _______________________ Research Adviser Noted by: ENGR. JARAMILLA Dean This College Dear Sir: I/We would like to request your approval on the following schedule. Architecture & Technology Research Defense Request Form Date ________________ Engr. Research Reader Thank you very much.31 Form 2. Research Reader 3. venue.

in partial fulfillment of the requirements in Research 01 subject is hereby approved with a grade of __________. (Printed Name). (Degree) (Research Reader) (Printed Name).32 APPROVAL SHEET (for proposal only) This research proposal entitled “TITLE OF RESEARCH”. (Degree) (Research Adviser) (Printed Name).(Degree) (Research Reader) Date: _____________________ . prepared and submitted by “ NAME OF STUDENT RESEARCHER/S”.

(Degree) (Research Reader) (Research Reader) The (Department) endorses acceptance of this undergraduate technical research as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of (Bachelor of Science) in (Discipline). (Printed Name). (Degree) (Printed Name). (Printed Name). (Degree) (Dean) College of Engineering. “_________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ” and submitted by (Name of Candidate) to fulfill part of the requirements for the degree of (Bachelor of Science) in (Discipline) was successfully defended and approved on (Date). (Printed Name). Architecture & Technology .33 SIGNATURE PAGE (for final copy) (do not type “signature page” on the signature page!) This is to certify that this Technical Research entitled. (Degree) (Chairman) (Department) This undergraduate technical research is hereby officially accepted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of (Bachelor of Science) in (Discipline). (Degree) (Research Adviser) (Printed Name).

“Bamboo Charcoal Plywood as AirConditioned Room Air Neutralizer” Undegraduate Technical Research. Magbanua. Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering. Bembol S.34 ABSTRACT JoemarGaudiano. Adviser: Engr. Cesar Arbon ____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ____________ (limited to 200 words only) .