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The sports offered at a retirement village are Golf (G), Tennis (T) and Swimming (S). The Venn

diagram shows the numbers of people involved in each activity.

2

11

1

(a)

(b)

6

3

4

4

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Shade the part of the Venn diagram that represents the set G S.

Working:

Answers:

(a) (i) ..

(ii) .

(iii) .

(Total 4 marks)

2.

The table below shows the relative frequencies of the ages of the students at Ingham High

School.

(a)

Age

(in years)

Relative

frequency

13

0.11

14

0.30

15

0.23

16

0.21

17

0.15

Total

If a student is randomly selected from this school, find the probability that

(i)

(ii)

(b)

Working:

Answers:

(a) (i) ...

(ii) ..

(b) ..

(Total 4 marks)

3.

The table below shows the number of left and right handed tennis players in a sample of 50

males and females.

Left handed

Right handed

Total

Male

29

32

Female

16

18

Total

45

50

If a tennis player was selected at random from the group, find the probability that the player is

(a)

(b)

right handed;

(c)

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..

(c) ..

(Total 4 marks)

4.

Let

= {x : 1 x < 17, x

}.

such that

P = {multiples of four};

Q = {factors of 36};

R = {square numbers}.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

P Q R.

(2)

(b)

(1)

(c)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(3)

(d)

p: x is a multiple of four;

q: x is a factor of 36;

r: x is a square number.

(i)

(p r) q

(2)

(ii)

Shade the region on your Venn diagram in part (c)(i) that represents (p r) q

(1)

(iii)

(a)

three columns of your truth table in the following format.

p

F

(3)

(b)

(1)

(Total 15 marks)

5.

Note: For this question, it is important that you show your working and explain your method

clearly.

A box contains 10 coloured light bulbs, 5 green, 3 red and 2 yellow. One light bulb is selected at

random and put into the light fitting of room A.

(a)

(i)

green?

(1)

(ii)

not green?

(1)

A second light bulb is selected at random and put into the light fitting in room B.

(b)

(i)

the second light bulb is green given the first light bulb was green?

(l)

(ii)

(2)

(iii)

one room has a green light bulb and the other room does not have a green light

bulb?

(3)

A third light bulb is selected at random and put in the light fitting of room C.

(c)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(3)

(iii)

(2)

(Total 15 marks)

6.

batteries are sold in packs of 4.

Find the probability that a pack of 4 has

(a)

(3)

(b)

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

7.

(a)

(b)

(c)

AB

The complement of (A B)

The complement of (A B)

(d)

A (B C)

C

Working:

(Total 4 marks)

8.

Without looking, Mary takes one sweet out of the bag and eats it. She then takes out a second

sweet.

(a)

If the first sweet is green, what is the probability that the second sweet is also green?

(b)

If the first sweet is not red, what is the probability that the second sweet is red?

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..

(Total 4 marks)

9.

p: the water is cold.

(a)

( p q) r

(b)

"The water is cold if and only if it is neither boiling nor warm"

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..

(Total 4 marks)

10.

In a school, 180 pupils are asked which is their favourite outdoor sport in winter. The pie chart

shows the result of the survey. The diagram is not accurately drawn.

H ockey

(4 3 )

F o o tb a ll

(5 6 )

R ugby

(3 8 )

O th e r

N e tb a ll

(3 4 )

(a)

(b)

Estimate the probability that a pupils favourite outdoor sport in winter will be hockey.

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..

(Total 4 marks)

10

11.

Let

= {positive integers less than 15};

X= {multiples of 2};

Y = {multiples of 3}.

(a)

(1)

(b)

(i)

XY

(1)

(ii)

X Y.

(2)

(c)

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

12.

p: The oven is working.

q: The food supply is adequate.

r: The visitors are hungry.

(a)

Write one sentence, in words only, for each of the following logic statements.

(i)

qrp

(2)

(ii)

r (p q)

(2)

(b)

Write the sentence below using only the symbols p, q and logic connectives.

"If the oven is working and the food supply is adequate then the oven is working or the

food supply is adequate."

(2)

11

(c)

A tautology is a compound statement which is always true. Use a truth table to determine

whether or not your answer to part (b) is a tautology.

Hint: Begin by writing the first two columns of your truth table in the following format:

p

F

(3)

(Total 9 marks)

12

13.

p: Good mathematics students go to good universities

q: Good music students are good mathematics students

r: Students who go to good universities get good jobs

(a)

(b)

(i)

q;

(ii)

p r.

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

..

..

(b) (i) ...

...

(ii) ..

..

(Total 4 marks)

13

14.

A group of 25 females were asked how many children they each had. The results are shown in

the histogram below.

N u m b e r o f C h ild re n p e r F e m a le

10

9

8

7

6

F req u e n c y 5

4

3

2

1

0

(a)

2

N u m b e r o f C h ild re n

(2)

(b)

Show clearly that the standard deviation for this data is approximately 1.06.

(3)

(c)

Another group of 25 females was surveyed and it was found that the mean number of

children per female was 2.4 and the standard deviation was 2. Use the results from parts

(a) and (b) to describe the differences between the number of children the two groups of

females have.

(2)

(d)

A female is selected at random from the first group. What is the probability that she has

more than two children?

(2)

14

(e)

Two females are selected at random from the first group. What is the probability that

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(3)

(iii)

the second female selected has two children given that the first female selected had

no children?

(1)

(Total 15 marks)

15.

A group of 30 children are surveyed to find out which of the three sports cricket (C), basketball

(B) or volleyball (V) they play. The results are as follows:

3 children do not play any of these sports

2 children play all three sports

6 play volleyball and basketball

3 play cricket and basketball

6 play cricket and volleyball

16 play basketball

12 play volleyball.

(a)

Draw a Venn diagram to illustrate the relationship between the three sports played.

(1)

(b)

On your Venn diagram indicate the number of children that belong to each region.

(3)

(c)

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

15

16.

p: Matthew arrives home before six oclock

q: Matthew cooks dinner

r: Jill washes the dishes

(a)

(i)

If Matthew arrives home before six oclock then he will cook dinner.

(1)

(ii)

qr

(1)

(b)

(i)

pq

q r r

(p q) (q r) r

[(p q) (q r) r] p

q r

T T

T F

F T

F F

T T

T F

F T

F F

T

(5)

(ii)

(2)

(Total 9 marks)

17.

Nene and Deka both play netball. The probability that Nene will score a goal on her first attempt

is 0.75. The probability that Deka will score a goal on her first attempt is 0.82.

Calculate the probability that

(a)

Nene and Deka will both score a goal on their first attempts;

(b)

neither Nene nor Deka will score a goal on their first attempts.

16

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..

(Total 4 marks)

18.

p: you have understood this topic

q: you will be able to do this question

(a)

Write the following proposition in symbols using p, q and logical connectives only.

You have understood this topic, or you will not be able to do this question.

17

(b)

(p q) p.

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..

(Total 4 marks)

19.

In a club with 60 members, everyone attends either on Tuesday for Drama (D) or on Thursday

for Sports (S) or on both days for Drama and Sports.

One week it is found that 48 members attend for Drama and 44 members attend for Sports and x

members attend for both Drama and Sports.

(a)

(i)

(3)

(ii)

Find the number of members who attend for both Drama and Sports.

(2)

(iii)

(2)

(iv)

What is the probability that a member selected at random attends for Drama only or

Sports only?

(3)

18

The club has 28 female members, 8 of whom attend for both Drama and Sports.

(b)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(2)

(Total 14 marks)

20.

p: this is a good course

q: the course is worth taking

r: the grading is lenient

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(2)

(b)

Write the following argument using p, q, r and logic symbols or connectives only.

If this is a good course, then it is worth taking. Either the grading is lenient, or the course

is not worth taking. But the grading is not lenient. Therefore, this is not a good course.

(2)

(Total 4 marks)

19

21.

Two jars contain a number of coloured balls as indicated in the diagrams below.

2 B la c k

3 W h ite

2 B la c k

1 W h ite

Jar One

Jar Two

First Experiment: A jar is first chosen at random and then a ball is drawn from that jar.

(a)

Draw, and label fully, a tree diagram to show all possible outcomes of this experiment.

(2)

(b)

(3)

Second Experiment: The ball drawn in the first experiment is not replaced. A second ball is then

drawn from the same jar.

(c)

(2)

(Total 7 marks)

22.

Members of a certain club are required to register for one of three games, billiards, snooker or

darts.

The number of club members of each gender choosing each game in a particular year is shown

in the table below.

(a)

Billiards

Snooker

Darts

Male

39

16

Female

21

14

17

Use a (Chi-squared) test at the 5% significance level to test whether choice of games

is independent of gender. State clearly the null and alternative hypotheses tested, the

expected values, and the number of degrees of freedom used.

2

(13)

The following year the choice of games was widened and the figures for that year are as

20

follows:

(b)

Billiards

Snooker

Darts

Fencing

Male

15

10

Female

10

21

17

37

2

If the test were applied to this new set of data,

(i)

(ii)

which other game would you combine with billiards and why?

(2)

(c)

(i)

(ii)

(2)

(Total 17 marks)

23.

The universal set U is defined as the set of positive integers less than 10. The subsets A and B

are defined as:

A = {integers that are multiples of 3}

B = {integers that are factors of 30}

(a)

(i)

A;

(ii)

B.

21

(b)

Place the elements of A and B in the appropriate region in the Venn diagram below.

U

Working:

Answers:

(a) (i)

(ii) ............................................................

(Total 4 marks)

22

24.

A bag contains two red sweets and three green sweets. Jacques takes one sweet from the bag,

notes its colour, then eats it. He then takes another sweet from the bag.

Complete the tree diagram below to show all probabilities.

R ed

2

5

R ed

G re en

2

4

R ed

G re e n

G re en

Working:

(Total 4 marks)

25.

If each of the following compound propositions is true, what conclusions can be made?

(a)

23

(b)

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

26.

In a survey of 52 students it was found that 30 study Spanish and 15 have computers. Seven of

the students who study Spanish also have computers.

(a)

Study

Spanish

Do not study

Spanish

Total

Have computers

Do not have computers

Total

52

(3)

24

(b)

Draw and label fully a Venn diagram to illustrate this information. Use U to represent the

set of all students surveyed, S the set of students who study Spanish and C the set of

students who have computers.

(2)

(c)

(2)

(d)

Find n(C S ).

(1)

(e)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(2)

(iii)

(2)

(Total 14 marks)

25

27.

[(p q) p] q

(a)

(b)

Complete the truth table below for the compound statement above.

p

p q

(p q) p

[(p q) p] q

Working:

Answers:

(b) ..................................................................

..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

28.

p: the number ends in zero

q: the number is divisible by 5

(a)

Write in words

(i)

p q;

(ii)

26

(b)

(i)

(ii)

Working:

Answers:

(a) (i) ...........................................................

...........................................................

(ii) ...........................................................

...........................................................

(b) (i) ...........................................................

(ii) ...........................................................

(Total 4 marks)

29.

U = {positive integers less than 16}

A = {prime numbers}

B = {factors of 36}

C = {multiples of 4}

(a)

(i)

A;

(ii)

B;

(iii)

C;

(iv)

A B C.

(4)

(b)

(i)

Draw a Venn diagram showing the relationship between the sets U, A, B and C.

27

(ii)

Write the elements of sets U, A, B and C in the appropriate places on the Venn

diagram.

(4)

(c)

From the Venn diagram, list the elements of each of the following

(i)

A (B C);

(ii)

(A B);

(iii)

(A B) C.

(3)

(d)

Find the probability that a number chosen at random from the universal set U will be

(i)

a prime number;

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(6)

(Total 17 marks)

30.

p: Jones passed this course

q: Smith passed this course

(a)

(i)

(ii)

it is not the case that Jones and Smith both passed the course.

28

(b)

p

pq

Working:

Answers:

(a) (i) ...

(ii) ...

(Total 4 marks)

29

31.

belongs to both finance and purchasing sub-committees. Some members belong to both research

and purchasing committees. All members of the finance sub-committee also belong to the

research sub-committee.

Draw a Venn diagram, showing the relationship between the sets U, R, F and P.

Answer:

(Total 4 marks)

32.

A teacher has a box containing six type A calculators and four type B calculators.

The probability that a type A calculator is faulty is 0.1 and the probability that a type B

calculator is faulty is 0.12.

(a)

Complete the tree diagram given below, showing all the probabilities.

0 .1

FA U LT Y

ty p e A

0 .6

N O T FA U LT Y

FA U LT Y

0 .4

ty p e B

N O T FA U LT Y

30

(b)

A calculator is selected at random from the box. Find the probability that the calculator is

(i)

a faulty type A;

(ii)

not faulty.

Working:

Answers:

(b) (i) ...

(ii) ...

(Total 4 marks)

33.

(a)

Assuming P(boy) = P(girl), copy and complete the following tree diagram, for families

with 2 children.

B oy

1

2

B oy

G irl

B oy

G irl

G irl

(2)

31

(b)

What is the probability that a family chosen at random from F has exactly

(i)

2 boys?

(ii)

(iii)

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

34.

100 students were asked which television channel (MTV, CNN or BBC) they had watched the

previous evening. The results are shown in the Venn diagram below.

U

M TV

C N N

35

19

23

6

3

7

BBC

From the information in the Venn diagram, write down the number of students who watched

(a)

(b)

MTV or BBC;

(c)

(d)

(Total 4 marks)

32

35.

p: you watch the music TV channel

q: you like music

(a)

If you watch the music TV channel then you like music.

(i)

(ii)

(4)

(b)

(i)

p q.

(ii)

p q.

(iii)

p q.

(iv)

p q.

(4)

(c)

(1)

(Total 9 marks)

36.

(a)

(i)

its converse;

(ii)

its inverse;

(iii)

its contrapositive.

33

(b)

Working:

Answers:

(a) (i) .......................................

.......................................

(ii) .......................................

.......................................

(iii) .......................................

.......................................

(b) ..............................................

(Total 8 marks)

37.

The Venn diagram below shows the number of students studying Science (S), Mathematics (M)

and History (H) out of a group of 20 college students. Some of the students do not study any of

these subjects, 8 study Science, 10 study Mathematics and 9 study History.

U

1

A

2

1

3

3

34

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(5)

(b)

Draw a sketch of the Venn diagram above and shade the region which represents S H.

(1)

(c)

(2)

This group of students is to compete in an annual quiz evening which tests knowledge of

Mathematics, Science and History. The names of the twenty students are written on pieces of

paper and then put into a bag.

(d)

One name is randomly selected from the bag. Calculate the probability that the student

selected studies

(i)

(ii)

History or Science.

(2)

(e)

A team of two students is to be randomly selected to compete in the quiz evening. The

first student selected will be the captain of the team. Calculate the probability that

(i)

the captain studies all three subjects and the other team member does not study any

of the three subjects;

(ii)

one student studies Science only and the other student studies History only;

(iii)

the second student selected studies History, given that the captain studies History

and Mathematics.

(5)

(Total 15 marks)

35

38.

60 students watch TV (T), 60 students read (R), 70 students go to the cinema (C).

26 students watch TV, read and go to the cinema.

20 students watch TV and go to the cinema only.

18 students read and go to the cinema only.

10 students read and watch TV only.

(a)

(b)

(i)

(ii)

Diagram:

Working:

Answers:

(b) (i) ..

(ii) ..

(Total 8 marks)

36

39.

p: students work hard

q: students will succeed

(a)

Write the following proposition in symbols using p, q and logical connectives only.

If students do not work hard, then they will not succeed.

(b)

Complete the following truth table, relating to the statement made in part (a), and decide

whether the statement is logically valid.

p

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

(b) ..........

(Total 8 marks)

40.

Heinrik rolls two 6-sided dice at the same time. One die has three red sides and three black

sides. The other die has the sides numbered from 1 to 6. By means of a tree diagram, table of

outcomes or otherwise, answer each of the following questions.

(a)

37

(b)

What is the probability that he will roll a red and an even number?

(c)

(d)

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

(b) ..................................................................

(c) ..................................................................

(d) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

38

41.

In the Venn diagram below, A, B and C are subsets of a universal set U = {1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9}.

U

B

2

3

9

8

(a)

AB

(b)

ABC

(c)

(A C) B

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

(b) ..................................................................

(c) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

42.

39

U = {all quadrilaterals}

P = {all parallelograms}

R = {all rectangles}

S = {all squares}

(a)

(4)

(b)

Indicate by shading each of the following:

(i)

(P S)

(ii)

(R S) P

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

43.

p: Alex is from Uruguay

q: Alex is a scientist

r: Alex plays the flute

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(3)

(b)

r (q p)

(3)

40

(c)

Construct a truth table for the argument in part (b) using the values below for p, q, r and

r. Test whether or not the argument is logically valid.

p

T

(4)

(Total 10 marks)

44.

Fifty students at Layton High School recorded how much money each student in their class

spent on video rentals this month (to the nearest dollar). The results are shown in the frequency

table below:

(a)

Class interval in $

Boundaries in $

Frequency

110

0.5010.50

10

1120

10.5020.50

20

2130

20.5030.50

10

3140

30.5040.50

4150

40.5050.50

5160

50.5060.50

6170

60.5070.50

On graph paper using a scale of 2 cm to represent each interval ($10.00) on the horizontal

axis and 1 cm to represent 5 people on the vertical axis, draw and clearly label a

frequency histogram which displays the above information.

(5)

41

(b)

(i)

(ii)

(2)

(c)

Assuming these students spend the same amount on videos each month, find the

probability that next month a student will spend an amount in the class interval:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

From $41 to $60 on video rentals, given that they spent more than $20 on video

rentals.

(iv)

Not more than $60 on video rentals, given that they spent over $10 on video

rentals.

(6)

(Total 13 marks)

42

45.

Consider two propositions p and q. Complete the truth table below for the compound

proposition.

(p q) ( p q)

p

pq

(b)

(f)

T (a)

(c)

(g)

pq

(p q) ( p q)

(d)

(e)

(h)

Working:

(Total 8 marks)

43

46.

U

B

A

C

State whether the following statements are true or false for the information illustrated in the

Venn Diagram.

(a)

AC=

(b)

CB=C

(c)

C (A B)

(d)

A C

Working:

Answers:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

..................................................................

..................................................................

..................................................................

...................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

44

47.

3

Today Philip intends to go walking. The probability of good weather (G) is 4 . If the weather is

17

good, the probability he will go walking (W) is 20 . If the weather forecast is not good (NG)

1

the probability he will go walking is 5 .

(a)

W

17

20

G

3

4

N W

W

N G

N W

(b)

Working:

Answer:

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

48.

(a)

Solve 2x + 3 = 5.

45

(b)

p: 2x + 3 = 5

q: x = x

2

Is this compound proposition true?

(c)

(d)

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

(b) ..................................................................

(c) ..................................................................

..................................................................

(d) ..................................................................

..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

49.

On a particular day 100 children are asked to make a note of what they drank that day.

They are given three choices: water (W), coffee (C) or fruit juice (F)

1 child drank only water.

6 children drank only coffee.

8 children drank only fruit juice.

5 children drank all three.

7 children drank water and coffee only.

53 children drank coffee and fruit juice only.

18 children drank water and fruit juice only.

(a)

(4)

(b)

(2)

46

(c)

A child is chosen at random. Find the probability that the child drank

(i)

coffee;

(ii)

(iii)

(4)

(d)

Two children are chosen at random. Find the probability that both children drank all three

choices.

(3)

(Total 13 marks)

47

50.

Let U = {4,

2

3 , 1, , 13, 26.7, 69, 1033}.

B is the set of all the rational numbers in U.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Working:

Answers:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

..................................................................

..................................................................

..................................................................

..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

51.

p: Sarah eats lots of carrots.

q: Sarah can see well in the dark.

Write the following statements in words.

(a)

p q.

(b)

p q.

(c)

48

If Sarah cannot see well in the dark, then she does not eat lots of carrots.

(d)

Is the statement in part (c) the inverse, the converse or the contrapositive of the statement

in part (a)?

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

..................................................................

(b) ..................................................................

..................................................................

(c) ..................................................................

(d) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

49

52.

Two identical dice have sides numbered one to six. The dice are weighted. All the numbers

except the four have equal probability of appearing on top. The four is three times as likely as

each of the other numbers to appear on top.

The tree diagram below shows some of the probabilities.

a

8

one

tw o

1

8

1

8

th re e

b

8

fo u r

1

8

1

8

fiv e

s ix

(a)

(b)

Both dice are thrown. Calculate the probability that two fours appear on top.

50

(c)

One of the dice is thrown once. The result is not a two or a three. What is the probability

that it is a six?

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

(b) ..................................................................

(c) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

53.

There are two biscuit tins on a shelf. The red tin contains three chocolate biscuits and seven

plain biscuits. The blue tin contains one chocolate biscuit and nine plain biscuits.

(a)

A child reaches into the red tin and randomly selects a biscuit. The child returns that

biscuit to the tin, shakes the tin, and then selects another biscuit.

Find the probability that

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(3)

51

(b)

A second child chooses a biscuit from the blue tin. The child eats the biscuit and chooses

another one from the blue tin. The tree diagram below represents the possible outcomes

for this event.

C

10

P

C

9

10

P

a

b

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(1)

(iii)

(3)

(c)

Suppose that before the two children arrived, their brother randomly selected one of the

biscuit tins and took out one biscuit.

Calculate the probability that this biscuit was chocolate.

(4)

(Total 15 marks)

52

54.

(a)

AB

U

B

(b)

CB

U

A

(c)

(A B C)

U

B

53

(d)

A C

U

A

C

(Total 8 marks)

55.

p: the train arrives on time

q: I am late for school

(a)

(b)

"The train does not arrive on time and I am not late for school."

(c)

p

pq pq

54

(d)

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................

..................................................................

(b) ..................................................................

(d) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

56.

If James gets up before 07.00, the probability, t, that he arrives at school on time is 0.98.

If James gets up later than 07.00, the probability that he arrives at school on time is 0.55.

The above information is represented by the following tree diagram.

t

p

not t

t

not p

not t

(a)

(b)

Calculate the probability that James gets up before 07.00 and is on time for school.

55

(c)

Calculate the probability that James does not arrive at school on time.

Working:

Answers:

(b) ..................................................................

(c) ..................................................................

(Total 8 marks)

56

57.

A is the set of all sine and cosine functions of x (measured in degrees).

B is the set of all functions of x with period 120.

C is the subset of A, containing functions whose amplitude is 3.

U

A

C

Write the following functions in the correct place in the Venn diagram.

(You may use the numbers (i) to (vi) if you wish, to achieve a better fit.)

(i)

sin (x);

(ii)

x;

(iii)

3 cos (x);

(iv)

2 sin (3x);

(v)

3 cos (3x);

(vi)

3 sin (2x).

57

W o r k in g :

(Total 6 marks)

58.

Neil has three dogs. Two are brown and one is grey. When he feeds the dogs, Neil uses three

bowls and gives them out randomly. There are two red bowls and one yellow bowl. This

information is shown on the tree diagram below.

2

R ed

3

2

3

1

3

B ro w n

G re y

1

3

Y e llo w

R ed

3

1

3

(a)

Y e llo w

(i)

(ii)

(3)

58

(b)

Neil often takes the dogs to the park after they have eaten. He has noticed that the grey

dog plays with a stick for a quarter of the time and both brown dogs play with sticks for

half of the time. This information is shown on the tree diagram below.

S tic k

2

3

B ro w n

S tic k

1

3

N o

s tic k

G re y

N o

s tic k

(i)

Copy the tree diagram and add the four missing probability values on the branches that

refer to playing with a stick.

(ii)

Find P (the dog is grey or is playing with a stick, but not both).

(iii)

Find P (the dog is grey given that the dog is playing with a stick).

(iv)

Find P (the dog is grey and was fed from the yellow bowl and is not

playing with a stick).

(9)

(Total 12 marks)

59

59.

30 mice are white.

27 mice are male.

18 mice have short tails.

8 mice are white and have short tails.

11 mice are male and have short tails.

7 mice are male but neither white nor short-tailed.

5 mice have all three characteristics and

2 have none.

Copy the diagram below to your examination script.

S

W

3

W re p re s e n ts w h ite m ic e .

M re p re s e n ts m a le m ic e .

S re p re s e n ts s h o rt-ta ile d m ic e .

M

(a)

(4)

(b)

Find (i)

n(M W)

(ii)

n(M S)

(3)

(c)

(2)

(Total 9 marks)

60

60.

A and B are subsets of U where:

A is the set of even numbers between 7 and 17.

B is the set of multiples of 3.

List the elements of the following sets:

(a)

A;

(1)

(b)

B;

(1)

(c)

A B;

(2)

(d)

A B.

(2)

W o r k in g :

A n sw ers:

( a ) .....................................................

( b ) .....................................................

( c ) .....................................................

( d ) .....................................................

(Total 6 marks)

61

61.

A school offers three activities, basketball (B), choir (C) and drama (D). Every student must

participate in at least one activity.

16 students play basketball only.

18 students play basketball and sing in the choir but do not do drama.

34 students play basketball and do drama but do not sing in the choir.

27 students are in the choir and do drama but do not play basketball.

(a)

(2)

D

99 of the students play basketball, 88 sing in the choir and 110 do drama.

(b)

(1)

(c)

(3)

62

W o r k in g :

A n sw ers:

( b ) ...................................................

( c ) ...................................................

(Total 6 marks)

63

The table below shows the number of words in the extended essays of an IB class.

Number of

words

3200w3400

3400w3600

3600w3800

3800w4000

4000w4200

Frequency

17

(a)

Draw a histogram on the grid below for the data in this table.

20

15

F req u e n c y

62.

10

5

0

3000

3200

3400

3600

3800

N u m b e r o f w o rd s

4000

4200

4400

(3)

(b)

(1)

(c)

Write down the probability that a student chosen at random is on or over the word count.

(2)

W o r k in g :

A nsw ers:

( b ) ...................................................

( c ) ...................................................

(Total 6 marks)

64

65

63.

The following histogram shows the weights of a number of frozen chickens in a supermarket.

The weights are grouped such that 1 weight 2, 2 weight, 3 and so on.

55

50

45

40

35

num ber of

c h ic k e n s

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

w e ig h t (k g )

(a)

(2)

(b)

(1)

(c)

(1)

(d)

Find the probability that this chicken weighs less than 4 kg.

(2)

66

W o r k in g :

A nsw ers:

( a ) .....................................................

( b ) .....................................................

( c ) .....................................................

(Total 6 marks)

64.

(a)

U

(2)

(b)

In the Venn diagram below, the number of elements in each region is given.

Find n ((P Q) R).

U

P

9

R

(2)

(c)

.

67

M is the set of multiples of 3.

(i)

(ii)

(2)

W o r k in g :

A nsw ers:

( b ) ..................................................

(c )

( i) ..........................................

( ii) .........................................

(Total 6 marks)

68

65.

Claire and Kate both wish to go to the cinema but one of them has to stay at home to baby-sit.

The probability that Kate goes to the cinema is 0.2. If Kate does not go Claire goes.

If Kate goes to the cinema the probability that she is late home is 0.3.

If Claire goes to the cinema the probability that she is late home is 0.6.

(a)

L a te

0 .3

K a te

0 .2

...

...

...

N o t L a te

L a te

C la ire

...

N o t L a te

(3)

(b)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(3)

(Total 8 marks)

69

66.

A survey of 400 people is carried out by a market research organization in two different cities,

Buenos Aires and Montevideo. The people are asked which brand of cereal they prefer out of

Chocos, Zucos or Fruti. The table below summarizes their responses.

Chocos

Zucos

Fruti

Total

Buenos Aires

43

85

62

190

Montevideo

57

35

118

210

Total

100

120

180

400

(a)

One person is chosen at random from those surveyed. Find the probability that this person

(i)

(ii)

(4)

(b)

Two people are chosen at random from those surveyed. Find the probability that they both

prefer Fruti.

(3)

The market research organization tests the survey data to determine whether the brand of cereal

preferred is associated with a city. A chi-squared test at the 5 level of significance is

performed.

(c)

(1)

(d)

(1)

(e)

Show that the expected frequency for the number of people who live in Montevideo and

prefer Zucos is 63.

(2)

(f)

(2)

(g)

State whether the market research organization would accept the null hypothesis. Clearly

justify your answer.

(2)

(Total 15 marks)

70

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