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You are on page 1of 16

PHYSICS FORM 4

Topic and Subtopic

1. INTRO. TO

PHYSIC

1.1 Physics

1.2 Base quantities

and derived

quantities

Learning Objectives

natural phenomena

explain what base quantities and derived

quantities are.

list base quantities and their units.

list some derived quantities and their units.

express quantities using prefixes.

express quantities using scientific notation.

express derived quantities as well as their units

in terms of base quantities and base units.

solve problems involving conversion of units.

vector quantities

1.4 Measurements

instruments.

Competency

1

Notes

explain sensitivity

explain types of experimental error.

1.5 Scientific

investigations

investigation.

form a hypothesis.

design and carry out a simple experiment to test

the hypothesis.

record and present data in a suitable form.

interpret data to draw a conclusion.

write a report of the investigation.

CHAPTER 2

Competency

Topic and Subtopic

2. FORCES AND

MOTION

Learning Objectives

s

t

.

define acceleration and deceleration and state

a

vu

t

that

.

calculate speed and velocity

calculate acceleration/ deceleration

solve problems on linear motion with uniform

acceleration using

i. v = u + at

ii.

s = ut + at2

iii. v2 = u2 + 2as

2.2 Motion graphs

plot and interpret displacement-time and

velocity-time graphs.

Notes

graph when a body is:

i.

at rest

ii.

moving with uniform velocity

iii.

moving with non-uniform velocity

determine distance, displacement and velocity

for a displacement-time graph.

deduce from the shape of a velocity-time graph

when a body is:

i.

at rest

ii.

moving with uniform velocity

iii.

moving with non-uniform velocity

determine distance, displacement, velocity and

acceleration from a velocity-time graph.

solve problems on linear motion with uniform

acceleration.

2.3 Inertia

explain what inertia is.

relate mass to inertia.

give examples of situation involving inertia.

suggest ways to reduce the negative effect of

inertia.

2.4 Momentum

define the momentum of an object.

define momentum (p) as the product of mass (m)

and velocity (v) i.e. p = mv

state the principle of conservation of momentum.

describe applications of conservation of

momentum.

solve problem involving momentum.

2.5

The effects of a

force

2.6

Impulse and

impulsive force

an object.

describe the effects of unbalanced forces acting

on an object.

determine the relationship between force, mass

and acceleration i.e. F = ma.

solve problems using F = ma

give examples of situations involving impulsive

forces.

define impulsive as an explosion. i.e. change of

momentum, i.e.

Ft = mv mu

define impulsive force as the rate of change of

momentum in a collision or explosion, i.e.

F = mv mu

T

explain the effect of increasing or decreasing

time of impact on the magnitude of the

impulsive force.

describe situations where an impulsive force

needs to be reduce and suggest ways to reduce it.

describe situation where an impulsive force is

beneficial

solve problems involving impulsive force

2.7

Being aware of the

need for safety

features in vehicles

2.8

Gravity

vehicles

determine the value of acceleration due to

gravity.

define weight (W) as the product of mass (m)

and acceleration due to gravity (g) i.e. W = mg

solve problems involving acceleration due to

gravity.

2.9

Forces in

equilibrium

equilibrium.

state what a result force is.

add two forces to determine the resultant force.

resolve a force into the effective component

forces.

solve problems involving forces in equilibrium.

2.10

Work, energy,

power and

efficiency

force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in the

W Fs

direction of the applied force i.e.

.

state that when work is done energy is

transferred from one object to another.

Ek

1 2

mv

2

define gravitational potential energy and state

E p mgh

that

.

state the principle of conservation of energy.

p

define power and state that

W

t

t.

solve problems involving work, energy, power

and efficiency.

2.11

Appreciating the

importance of

maximizing the

efficiency of

devices

2.12

Elasticity

efficiency of devices in conserving resources.

define elasticity.

define elastic potential energy and state that

Ep

1 2

kx

2

.

determine the forces that affect elasticity.

describe applications of elasticity.

solve problems involving elasticity.

CHAPTER 3

Topic and Subtopic

3. FORCES AND

PRESSURE

3.1

Understanding

pressure

3.2

Understanding

pressure in liquids

3.3

Understanding gas

pressure and

Competency

Learning Objectives

P

F

A

solve problems involving pressure

relate depth to pressure in a liquid

relate density to pressure in a liquid

explain pressure in a liquid and state that P =

hg

describe applications of pressure in liquids

Solve problems involving pressure in liquids.

A student is able to:

explain gas pressure

explain atmospheric pressure

Notes

atmospheric

pressure

3.4 Applying

Pascals principle

3.5

Applying

Archimedes

principle.

3.6

Understanding

Bernoullis principle

solve problems involving atmospheric pressure

and gas pressure

A student is able to:

state Pascals principle.

Explain hydraulic system

Describe applications of Pascals principle.

Solve problems involving Pascals principle.

A student is able to:

Explain buoyant force

Relate buoyant force to the weight of the liquid

displaced

State Archimedes principle

Describe applications of Archimedes principle

Solve problems involving Archimedes principle

A student is able to:

State Bernoullis principle

difference in fluid pressure

Describe applications of Bernoullis principle

Solve problems involving Bernoullis principle

CHAPTER 4

Topic and Subtopic

HEAT

4.1

Understanding

thermal equilibrium

4.2

Understanding

specific heat

capacity

Learning Objectives

A student is able to:

Explain thermal equilibrium

works

A student is able to:

Define specific heat capacity, c

c

Q

mc

State that

Competency

3

4

Notes

5

4.3

Understanding

specific latent heat

Describe applications of specific heat capacity

Solve problems involving specific heat capacity

A student is able to:

State that transfer of heat during a change of

phase does not cause a change in temperature

l

4.4

Understanding the

gas laws

State that

Q

m

Determine the specific latent heat of

vaporization

Solve problems involving specific latent heat

A student is able to:

terms of gas molecules.

Determine the relationship between pressure and

volume at constant temperature for a fixed mass

of gas, i.e PV = constant

Determine the relationship between volume and

temperature at constant pressure for a fixed mass

of gas, i.e V/T = constant

temperature at constant volume for a fixed mass of

gas, i.e P/T = constant

Explain absolute zero

Solve problems involving pressure, temperature

and volume of a fixed mass of gas

CHAPTER 5

Topic and Subtopic

5. LIGHT

5.1

Understanding

reflection of light.

Learning Objectives

by reflection of light

State the laws of reflection of light

Draw ray diagrams to show the position and

characteristics of the image formed by a

Competency

2

3

4

Notes

5

5.2

Understanding

refraction of light.

i. plane mirror

ii. convex mirror

iii. concave mirror

Describe applications of reflection of light

Solve problems involving reflection of light

Construct a device based on the application of

reflection of light

A student is able to:

sini

sinr

Determine the refractive index of a glass or

Perspex block

Speed of light in a vacuum

Speed of light in a medium

Describe phenomena due to refraction

Solve problems involving refraction of light

5.3

A student is able to:

Understanding total

Explain total internal reflection of light

internal reflection of

light.

Define critical angle (c)

Relate the critical angle to the refractive index

i.e

1

sin c

5.4

Understanding

lenses.

internal reflection

Describe applications of total internal reflection

Solve problems involving total internal

reflection

Explain focal point and focal length

convex lens

determine the focal point and focal length of a

concave lens

characteristics of the images formed by a convex

lens.

Draw ray diagrams to show the positions and

characteristics of the images formed by a

concave lens.

m

v

u

Define magnification as

Relate focal length (f) to the object distance (u)

and image distance (v)

1 1 1

f u v

i.e.

Describe, with the aid of ray diagrams, the use

of lenses in optical devices.

Construct an optical device that uses lense

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