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Sukma Nuswantara

Research Centre for Biotechnology


The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

LOW GLYCEMIC INDEX


HIGH FIBER
LOW SUGAR
LOW FAT

Main
meal/staple food
Various side
dishes adjusted
to rice

High Glycemic
Index

NORMAL DIET ?
High Glycemic
Index

Agronomically
known for
centuries

RICE

Unacceptable rice
alternatives

Cultural food

Development of
new varieties
Belongs to the 9
bahan pangan
pokok

NORMAL DIET ?
RICE

Culturally
unknown

Known as
breakfast
specialized
meal
Nowadays
comes in
various bitesized snacks

Various health
benefits

Not grown in
Indonesia

OAT

Scientific
literatures are
abundant

Main
meal/staple
food
Various side
dishes adjusted to
rice

Unacceptable
rice alternatives

FUNCTIONAL FOOD

RICE
Cultural food

Belongs to the 9
bahan pangan
pokok

Agronomically
known for
centuries

Culturally
unknown

Development of
new varieties

Known as
breakfast
specialized
meal
Nowadays
comes in
various bitesized snacks

Various health
benefits

Not grown in
Indonesia

OAT

Scientific
literatures are
abundant

NORMAL DIET : YES

RICE

OAT
B-glucan

LOW GLYCEMIC
INDEX
SOLUBLE FIBER
INSOLUBLE FIBER
LOW SUGAR

REQUIRE
MENTS

BEYOND
BASIC
NUTRITION

INTEGRAL
PART OF
THE
ROUTINE
MEALS

TYPE : Oat Beta


Oat Beta glucan
Oat Beta glucan
Oat Beta glucan

glucan (11.000 hits)


cholesterol (6.810 hits)
diabetes (5.310 hits)
hypertension (2.390 hits)

Bacteria

OAT BETA GLUCAN

Yeast
Lichens
Mushroom
Seaweed
Wheat
Rye
Oat
etc

1. Hull (sekam) 2. Bran (bekatul)


3. Endosperm (biji) 4. Germ (bakal tunas)
A. Beta Glucan

Cross sectional view of Calcofluor-stained Oat seed showing


Beta glucan (blue) at aleurone& sub aleurone layers
Source: VTT, Findland

Scientific name : Avena sativa (L)

Mushroom Beta Glucan


B-1,3-1,4-glucan

Barley Beta Glucan


B-1,3-1,4-glucan
b-1,3

b-1,6

b-1,4 linkage

Yeast Beta Glucan


B-1,3-1,6-glucan

Oat Beta Glucan


B-1,3-1,4-glucan

b-1,3 linkage

Beta glucan is glucose monomers connected by glycosidic linkages

Water soluble fiber of beta glucan


Also contains insoluble fiber found in Oat
Has positive effect for LDL cholesterol reduction, diabetes
mellitus Type 2, Cardiovascular hypertension, dll

Slowing down the sugar absorption after meal


Insoluble fiber adds mass to the digested products to be
excreted out

More than100 scientific papers on Oat Beta Glucan


APPROVED BY:
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
HEART United Kingdom, The Cholesterol Charity
Food and Drug Administration USA
European Society of Cardiology
The Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (BAG)

1. Water soluble
2. Synonim :(1-3),(1-4)-beta-d-glucan
3. Molecular weight : 1000 3000 kDa
4. Linear polysaccharide
5. Part of cell wall structure in Oat seed

6. Indigestible fiber
(including other non-starch polysaccharides, resistant starch
& oligosaccharide)

7. Stable at broad pH interval (pH 2 12)

OAT ENDOSPERM
FLOUR

WHOLE GRAIN
PRODUCTS

CONVENTIONAL
OAT BRAN
PRODUCTS

OAT BRAN
CONCENTRATES

BETA GLUCAN
ISOLATES

DIETARY FIBRE
(%)

5 - 10

10 - 12

15 - 20

20 - 35

80 - 100

BETA-GLUCAN
(%)

1-3

4-5

8 - 12

15 - 22

Up to 80

MECHANISM

Barrier against food-cholesterol

EXPLANATION

Food supplies 20% of cholesterol

from being absorbed


Avoiding cholesterol degradation
product (bile acid) from reabsorption
Removing blood cholesterol from
the circulation

Bile acid is a degradation product of


cholesterol. Bile acid and cholesterol are
delivered to the intestine to be reabsorbed. Beta-glucan binds to this
complexes then remove them all.
Because the beta-glucan/cholesterol/bile
acid complexes have been removed then
the cholesterol is further taken from the
blood to be processed in the gall resulting
in the low blood cholesterol
Source : Heart UK, The Cholesterol Charity

Cholesterol

Bile acid

Oat Beta Glucan

Source: Oatwell 2014

A: Stomach; B: Intestine; C: Blood; D: Liver


1: Oat Beta Glucan 2: Oat Beta Glucan comlplex excreted through faeces
3: Synthesis of bile acid in liver requires cholesterol taken fro the blood

Beta Glucan (Oribest)


consumption
Gel formation,
viscosity
Slowing down of
glucose absorption

Glucose peak

Insulin secretion

Stable glucose
availability

1. Without beta glucan


2. Oat Beta Glucan consumption

Rice sorting

Low
Glycemic
Index

Prewashing
Beta-Glucan

protection

Beta
Glucan
Coating
ColdLayering/
Coating
technique

Vacuum
filling

Other fiber
Continuous
supply

Hygienic
washing &
rinsing

Packing

Quality
Control

*Source: ORIBEST

1. Water/moisture content
2. Proximate analysis
- Fiber
- Protein
- Fat
- Ash
- Dry weight
3. Beta Glucan
- Carbohydrate
- Sugar
4. Glycemic Index
5. Other: color, smell, appearance,
& organoleptics

ORIBEST: Oriza sativa L. (Latin = padi) + Best


First in Indonesia with the idea of b-glucan integration on rice
Selected rice with low GI (glycemic index)
Original rice fiber is intentionally retained
(unpolished rice grain)

Natural oat fiber (beta glucan ) added through the cold coating
technique

Pre-washed
* Manufactured by PT. MEGA ANUGERAH SEMPURNA, Bandung-Indonesia