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**1. The region enclosed by the x-axis, the line x=3, and the curve y = x is rotated about the x-
**

axis. What is the volume of the solid generated ?

**We can use the disk method where R=y and the limits are from x=0 to x=3.
**

3 3

x2 3 9π

Using the formula for volume of a disk V = π ∫ R 2 dx = π ∫ x dx = π |0 =

2 2

0 0

9 36 3

(A) 3π (B) 2π 3 (C) π √ (D) 9π (E) π

2 5

____________________________________________________________________________

**2. If the region enclosed by the y-axis, the line y=2, and the curve y = x is revolved about the
**

y-axis, the volume of the solid generated is

**We can use the disk method where R=x and the limits are from y=0 to y=2.
**

2 2

y5 32π

Using the formula for the volume of a disk V = π ∫ R 2 dy = π ∫ y 4 dy = π |02 =

5 5

0 0

**32π 16π 16π 8π
**

(A) √ (B) (C) (D) (E) π

5 3 5 3

____________________________________________________________________________

**3. The base of a solid S is the region enclosed by the graph of y = ln x , the line x=e, and the
**

x-axis. If the cross section of S perpendicular to the x-axis are squares, then the volume of

S is

A(x)= y2

X= e

e e

The volume of S is V = ∫ A(x) dx = ∫( ln x )2 dx = 1

1 1

1 2 1 2

(A) (B) (C) 1 √ (D) 2 (E) (e − 1)

2 3 3

_____________________________________________________________________________

4. Let R be the shaded region in the first quadrant enclosed by the graphs of y = sin x and

y = cos x, as shown in the figure below.

**(a) Find the volume of the solid generated when R is revolved about the x-axis.
**

(b) Find the volume of the solid whose base is R and whose cross sections cut by planes

perpendicular to the x-axis are squares.

**(a) If we take a representative rectangle, perpendicular to the axis of rotation, and
**

revolve it about the x-axis, a solid of revolution (a washer) will result.

π π π

4 4 4

2 2 π π

The volume V = π ∫ (cos x − sin x) dx = π ∫ cos 2x dx = sin 2x | = = 1.571

2 0 2

0 0

* Note: the trigonometric identity → (cos2x – sin2x) = cos 2x

**(b) The volume of a solid whose cross sections are cut by planes perpendicular to the
**

x-axis are modeled by the slicing technique.

A(x)

**The volume of the solid is the summation of the area of the squares A(x) over the
**

π

4

entire interval of the base. V = ∫ A(x) dx where A(x) = (cos x − sin x)2 .

0

π π π

4 4 4

2 2

V = ∫ (cos x − sin x) dx = ∫ (cos x − 2 sin x cos x + sin2 x) dx = ∫ (1 − sin 2x) dx

0 0 0

π

1 4 π 1

V = x + cos 2x | = − = 0.285

2 0 4 2

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